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Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest Is The First Concern Oj This Newspaper 4 Â· TUESDAY, AUGUST 27, 1974 Greece To Shut Down NATO Bases Raid Is Defended Gov. Dale Bumpers, we note, is at great pains to justify the state's hundred-million dollar office building complex on the grounds (hat it is good business. He says it'll cost more later on, and that the construction will, in sum, effect a savings. Richard Heath, the governor's Finance and Administration Department director, says about the same thing. He contends that the state is now spending over $1 million a year in rent, and that the new offices will save Â§200 or so million over a 30-year period. Without quibbling with Director Heath's new math, we would beg his and the governor's pardon, but that's not the point in question. What troubles a number of the slate legislators and ought to be a source of concern for every thoughtful member of the General Assembly is the fact that so large a commitment of state funds is being made without legislative review or so much as a single public hearing. Sen. Morriss Henry has asked for a public hearing at the very least, and has been turned down. The "official" rationale for rejecting a review of the building project, as we get it, is that it is a sound business proposition. On the other hand, it involves $100 million in bonds, and no matter how good and proper an investment it may be, we remain convinced that some mechanism for review would be in the ultimate public interest. . - The law, as presently written should be amended. From Tke Readers Viewpoint Gumption To the Editor: If there is one thing Ihe present Fayetteyille city board iias it is gumption. In deciding to lackle the dogs vs. flowers question, sans a vote by the people, Ihe city fathers are letting themselves i.n on one of the most volatile disputes among the populace they can 'imagine. The issue has come up previously in the city, and public discussion of the subject has drawn the largest audiences ever to attend sessions of Ihe Fayclleville governing bodies. Even the halls have been filled when some of the gatherings have taken place. A n d Ihese occasions came when only what to do about dogs was concerned. The present board has included cats in the subject of the scheduled uiihiic Hearing this time ru'uui.d. Oi. boy! On th'i national scene: writers of history are going to find the task of chronicling the year 1074 almost more than they can handle. Nobody can say right now how much increased prices for oil products have cost the American people. Oil companies have benefitted, with earnings soaring. And what step"-is taken by*"'* the White House, with the apparent approval of the people's representatives in Congress? The top oil man in the country is appointed vice resident of the United States. How will historians judge that -- or even believe it? We live ill a world of dare and double dare. Ted Wylie Fayetteville Do Your Best To the Editor: The sky encircling Round Mountain was astonishingly beautiful at.5:15^ this morning., Venus had a ringside seat above the northeast horizon and sat watching Orion who -- ever the performer -- was, this morning, crowned with the quarter-moon as he came pole vaulling across our mountain top. From their higher position, the Seven Sisters looked back at him. More to the north, high over our valley, Cassiopeia was an M instead of a W. M? standing for what? Money? Masses? Marketplace? It could stand for them all. And by the sound of President Ford's address last night (Mori- day), he needs our help -- we. the "masses" -- we, the makers of money -- the buyers, the sellers -- the exchangers in the marketplace. How can we get out cf Ihis mess, Inflation? I know of no way to walk across troubled waters bul lo keep our eye on our Creator. There will be no great "leaderforlh" like Moses 'Â·"Â·'this time. With a grateful heart, acknowledging God, let every man do his best and we, the people, will walk in the right direction. We will see wilh, new eyes, forgive with new tenderness, support' our neighbors wilh new strength, and in us will be created clean hearts. From Our Files; How Time Flies 10 YEARS AGO A preliminary injunction lo halt segregation in University of Arkansas student housing facilities in time for the fall semester is being sought by two Negro students. There are indications that a so VEARS AGO "A job for every man" is the objective of Ihe University of Arkansas veteran's bureau coordinator, Guy Irby, for men who complete their federal courses at the University. The 1925 Oakland, the "True Blue" model was received today noon by Ihe Bryan-Tuck 100 YEARS AGO The action of the county conventions in the Northwest only verifies Ihe truth of what Ihe Democrat has for rnonlhs been trying to hammer in Ihe heads of old Mother Logo. Jakcy and the rest -- that the people of this "neck of the country" will have no "sugar in ther'n." If the Convention fails lo give us a Democrat for Governor, the people will choose one for themselves. record number of county poll tax holders,will be eligible to vote in the November election. - Funds are, being raised to help finance paving the road between Lincoln and Cincinnati. Company and the new car is now being demonstrated by Ihe company. More lhan 335 student applications for fall enrollment at the University of Arkansas have been. accepted .for the 1924 freshman class, Fred L. Kerr University registrar, reports.. Mr. Editor! -- Allow me Ihe space lo say lhat a Jack. Esquire, fined our industrious litlle boot maker, Jack Lune, twenty three dollars, for calling a "six shooter Christian" of this city a liar, oul at camp meeting, Tuesday night. Jack never insults one without cause. He paid the honorable Squire the fine, and says he is ready lo do so again under similar circumstances. They'll Do It Every Time HIGH POINT OPTUS HUH? PIPH'T Y WÂ£ JUST HAVE 'l IT POMÂ£ A WHIL.E ASO? WHAT COIOK PO YOU THINK WOULD LOOK N1CÂ£ IF W PAINT THE KITCHEN? I THEN SHE. EXPECTS A RECAP Mildred Higgins Fayeltcville Think To Ihe Editor: Don't let the bright new glare of the Whitehouse Ford blind you for Rocky times are ahead, our dangers are even greator. President Ford's choice of Rockefeller for Vice President was made an obligation when . Mr.-Ford accepted the V i c e Presidency. Ford's pretense of considering others was deliberate deceit. I warned back in 1973 that both President Nixon and Vice President Agncw would resign in 1974. That Nelson Rockefeller would be appointed Vice President, then become President before the 1976 campaigns begin. If and when Rockefeller is approved by the Congress he will 1 be only one breath or one resignation from the Presidency of the United-Stales. Since a "Lame Duck" President has very litlle influence we. along wilh Mr. Rockefeller, understand that the propaganda mill must claim t h a t he will run in 1976. Rockefeller is OK for the Rockefellers. For we the little people he is a hard-nosed One World- Communist Controlled Government man. It comes down to that. Think it over. F. F. Acres Cameron, Okla. Wondering To the Editor: Since the "Moscow Trials" are almost over (seems to me one lime someone called it Watergate; can't remember xvho it was), I was wondering what the next great "cause" mighl be for which the Marching News Brigade would begin b e a t i n g their propoganda drums. What do you know! Amnesty! Being the Good Joes they are, they also seek to forgive the sins of the legally elected Republican president who was tried (I wouldn't know what else lo call it) by a largely Democratic Congress for doing the things they, themselves, had always done -- without penalties. So now they wish lo "heal the wounds" of P/esident Nixon along with the draft-dodgers: how did Ihe dodgers get any wounds? I never knew of any back-shooters on their trails.. We reserve them (back-shooters) for the Lieutenant Galleys of this country, the scoundrels who WENT and FOUGHT for their country that it mighl be nice and SAFE for the dodgers to come back to cumber the earth. Thank you. Freida E. Morris Fayelteville Bible Verse "The woman said lo him, "I know that Messiah is coining (he who is called Christ); when lie comes, he will show us all things." John 4:25,26 lie is still the ever present Christ with "on the spot" answers to every problem of man. He is the answer--And Ihe difference. "But Peter and the apostles answered, "We must obey God rather than man." Acts 5:29 There is such a great danger of being caught up with the idea of acceptance by man thai we can easily border on Ihe rejection of the Lord. Never mind about keeping the people happy, on wilh the main job of spreading the word of God in speech and spirit. "Is God w e l l pleased?" "For he says, "At the acceptable lime I have listened to you, and helped you on the day of salvation." Behold, now is the acceptable time; behold, now is the day of salvation." 2 Corinthians 6:2 It is a risky thing to put off the decision of your eternal destiny Into a future thai you may never see. Decide loday and bc- glad forever. "My Spirit will not always strive With man." By JACK ANDERSON And LES WHITTEN WASHINGTON -- Public statements to the contrary, Greece is already making plans to shut down every NATO base in the country within a year, thus leaving a gaping hole in the fabric ot the Western world's defense systems. So secret are the new Athens civilian government's plans that even top U.S. officials are unaware of the seriousness of the threat. Just a few days ago,, Â·^Defense Secretary James Schlesinger was speaking honestly when he said he had "litlle indication" of such a move. Our information, however, from high but confidential diplomatic sources wilo backed up their talk wilh documents, is that the NATO shutdown is already a matter of Athens policy, barring a radical change in - the current U.S. attilude towards Cyprus. The importance of the Greek NATO bases is difficult.to Over-, e s t i m a t e . Naval, bomber, missile 'and communications facilities in Greece give NATO a striking power directly beneath 'the belly, of Soviet Russia and her satellites. At the same time that Greece was setting its course on NATO, Secretary of Stale Henry Kissinger was assuring a private meeting with President Ford and Republican leaders that the U.S policy on Cyprus is neutral. "We have made major efforts to elicit concessions from .both . the Greeks and the Turks,'"he said, according to confidential minutes of the White House meeting. "We will take a new look if the Turks cross the cease-fire line." The restive Republicans wondered why Kissinger had not The Washington Merry-Go-Round simply halted aid to Turkey. Kissinger replied, according to the minutes, that this "would not have stopped the three-day occupation." Indeed. Kissinger warned, ' such drastic action "would have enormous consequences on NATO, Turkish nationalism and (the) possible approach to the Soviet Union." One "possible solution," Kissinger said, "may be a federalized republic or a Cantonal structure" -- in short, a scmi-prartioning of Cyprus with Greece and Turkey each controlling part of island. Added President Ford hopefully, "I think we'll come out all right as friends of both parties." Kissinger alsb met privately with five congressmen of Greek descent who gave him a far more obstreperous going over than the Republican leaders. One . o f .the Greek-American legislators who attended the off- the-record meeting told us they tore into Kissinger "in a manner to which he is unaccustomed." The congressmen were Louis Bafalis. R-Fla., John Brademas, D-Ind., Peter Kyros, D- Mc., Paul Sarbanes, D-Md., and Gus Yatron, D-Pa. At one point, they told Kissinger he was personally responsible for a "grievous policy.... The U.S. has'egg all over its face." . The strong-willed Kissinger ' w a s "patient" b.ut "stuttered, reeled back and reddened" under the onslaught, .we were told. At one point he left the meeting for a telephone conversation with Turkish Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit. But at the end of the meeting, Kissinger courteously invited the law- rs to come back again. Despite appearances of even- hande'di;ess, ive are told by high diplomatic- sources that Kissinger tentatively and confidentially agreed in recent meetings with British Ambassador Peter Ramsbotham to a Cyprus plan drawn up in London. To the distress of the Greeks, it would, in effect, chop Cyprus into Greek and Turkish enclaves. The Turks would make an ostentatious pull-back to a line running across the northern third of the island to pacify world opinion a move they had intended anyway. Â· When the plan was delicately put to deposed Cypriot presi: dent Archibishop Makarios in London by Britain's Prune Minister Harold Wilson and F o r e i g n Secretary James Caltaghan, the peppery Makarios was outraged, we were told. In Athens, Greek leaders are also' fuming.-"For years, they have gone along with almost every twist and turn in American policy, white the Turks have often refused to cooperate with Washington. A few weeks ago, for instance, Turkey defied the United States and resumed . cultivation of opium.. Meanwhile, we have learned that Athens risked her good relations with the Arabs by secretly permitting the United Stales to use Greek NATO bases for shuttling supplies to Israel during the Middle East war last October. As a result, Israel is secretly grateful lo Greece and hopes it will keep its NATO ties. During the October War, Greece also allowed U.S. intelligence services to use a com- "Mr. Dow!? Mr. Jones!?" A Potpourri Excerpts From The World Of Thought munications station outside Athens to monitor Soviet and Arab radio broadcasts. Turkey, on the other hand, reportedly permitted the Soviets to overfly her territory Â· to deliver a r m j to the Arabs. Footnote: At the Slate Department, a spokesman denied Greek bases were used by the. United Stales to resupply Israel. He also said the British initiative was not yet "developed." It does not have any "arms or legs" yet, he said. NIXON TAPES: The Watergate defendants sought postponement of their upcoming trial in part because they have not had time lo study the new batch of Nixon tapes released under the Supreme Court's 8-0 Sources from the old Nixon White House tell us .the tapes will prove a grueling study fpr defendants and prosecutors alike. They contain many gaps, distortions and unintelligible passages. Some gaps could have been caused by technical difficulties, but other-; gaps occur at suspicious points in .the White House conversations. One tape, according to our sources, was broken in half and . then spliced back together.; But the two halves are unrelated to one another. Another tape was cut in halt and presented to Judge John Sirica in two boxes. Nixon's attorney at the time, James St. Clair, opened the boxes in front of prosecutor Richard Ben- Veniste. The second box, astonishingly, was empty. Dismayed, St. Clair mumbled to Ben-Veriiste: "Pardon ma while 1 have a heart attack." United Feature Syndicate ...And W/iat About R. E. Lee? WASHINGTON (ERR) -Attorney General Saxbe and Defense Secretary Schleslnger are to report to President Ford on the status of SO,000 deserters and draft dodgers by Sept. 1. IN CALLING for "leniency" toward deserters and draft dodgers of the Vietnam War era, President Ford made a point of adding, "I reject amnesty and I reject revenge." But his listeners obviously feared -- or hoped -- that leniency would lead in time to amnesty. The subject has been debated for years, yet chances are that most Americans are no better informed about amnesty at this point than they were about impeachment a year ago. It is important to remember that the word amnesty is derived from the Greek amnes- tia, meaning forgetfulness. oblivion, an erasing from memory. During the amnesty debates of the post-Civil War period, the Supreme Court drew a distinction between amnesty and pardon: "Amnesty is the abolition and the forgetfulness of the offense; pardon is forgiveness." To resolute opponents of amnesty, this is a distinction without a difference. As they see it, deserters and d r a f t dodgers have clearly violated tha law and must be punished accordingly. To do Â· otherwise, they feel, would mock the sacrifices of Vietnam war veterans and encourage similar mass defections in any future military conflict. UNCERTAIN FUTURE. Donald Kirk. "Vietnam Between Wars," The New Leader, July 22, 1974, pp. 3-4. "The hiatus between the second and third Indochinese wars...is unlikely to last nearly as long as the eight or nine years that separated the first and second. The problems besetting Thieu today appear infinitely more serious than those that confronted Diem in 1955....Saigon may seem wonderfully easy-going now that the GIs have all departed, but the real reason the streets are less crowded is the high price of fuel. And the energy crisis is not the major cause or Vietnam's current economic duress; of much greater significance has been the loss of an average of $400 million spent here annually from 19G6-72 by American troops and contractors." "If the U.S. does not continue lo provide massive infusions of economic as weir as" military aid...the urban economy might 'collapse' -- that is, the value of the piaster could depreciate uncontrollably w h i l e t h e government went more or less bankrupt.... Even if American aid keeps coming, though, it is doubtful that the countryside will remain 'secure' for more than another year or so....At this moment there is no real certainty about anything in Vietnam -- just a widespread feeling that some day, if not this year then next, something will happen to resolve t h e situation one way or the other." from the press, from the politicians, and even from itself.... Of course, lawyers as a class have rarely received a kind word from anyone. Plato said the lawyer's 'soul is small and linrighteous'. . .Virtually all of Dicken's lawyers are bloodsuckers and sharks." "By such standards the current denunciations of Ihe legal profession are mild and temperate. But thcra are manifestations of public displeasure more serious than verbal excoriation. The most conspicuous, of course, are the difficulties of ex-Vice President Agenw, ex-Attorneys General Mitchell and Kleindienst, and the various Watergate defendants with the criminal law." "This is only one aspect of what is perhaps the most serious problem of the legal profession today -- namely, that the bar has failed to get its services to ordinary people who need them, at a price those people can afford to pay." go for bigger bids. In London and New York, paintings and sculpture by leading abstract and pop artists of the past two decades are copping top prices. Far Eastern objects arc also in vogue." "The auction houses also recognize that the backbone of thier business, and the biggest potential for growth, is the modest collector.... With all the uncertainties, the auction is probably the likeliest route to the best price an item can bring anywhere else. It is generally agreed that sellers typically realize prices ranging 20 per cent to 40 per cent higher at auction than they could selling to or through a dealer." LEGAL DOLDRUMS. Joseph W. Bishop, Jr., "Lawyers at the Bar," Commentary, August 1974, pp. 48-53. "In recent months the legal profession has been under the .most severe attack in years -- AUCTION ACTION. Arlene Hershman, "The Action in Auctions," Dun's, August 1974, pp. 38-41. "There was a time, of course, when disposing of antiques, objets d'art, stamp and coin collections or any other prized property at auction was the exclusive preserve of the very rich or the dead. But t h e s e days auction houses are fast becoming the marketplace of choice for thousands of collectors." "Because of inflation and its impact on the bond and slock markets, buying and selling articles of appreciating value have never been more attractive to Investors. As a result, in today's spirited auction business almost anything seems to REMAINDERING B O O M . Paul p. Doebler, "The Big Boom in Remaindering," Publishers Weekly, Aug. 12, 1974, pp. 26-31. "Remaindering, oflen seen as the bastard offspring of conventional book marketing, is suddenly achieving legitimacy in the eyes of many who very recently disdained il. And current growth rates among remainder operators, ifnlil now a very small part ot Ihe honk industry, indicate that remaindering and allied activities are becoming an imporlant new force in the marketing of books." "Remaindering actually involves the offering of books in a second 'aftermarkot' once the publisher has concluded that he has sold all he can in his primary market. In its classic form, a remainder man buys the books left in stock at a fraction of their cost and redistributes them to 'bargain-table 1 outlets for sale at half or less the original price." . THF, AMNESTY issue has arisen many times in the course of American history. As early as 1795 George Washington made use of his constitutional power "to grant reprieves and pardons for offenses against the United States." In pardoning participants in the previous year's Whisky Rebellion, the first Presiednt said he w a s acting in accord with his "personal feeling to mingle in the operations of t h c r government every degree of moderation and tenderness which justice, dignity and safety .may parmit." Use of amnesty for military and political purposes came into its own with the Civil War. A series of amnesty proclamations and legislative acts pertaining to remission of penalties for rebellion followed in succession from 1862 until the end of the 19th century. The early amnesty actions were aimed at encouraging defections from the Confederate ranks and thus weakening the Soulh's ability to wage war. Immediately after the war President Andrew Johnson's clashes with Congress on amnesty contributed io the rancorous atmosphere in which hÂ» was later impeached. The President favored a generous amnesty policy, whereas Congress insisted on a cautious, selective approach. It was not until 1898 that the last remaining restrictions on the political and civil rights of form e r Confederates were removed by act of Congress. THE CIVIL WAR experience strongly suggests that the amnesty problem is not readily disposed of after a bitterly divisive conflict. Although t h e Vietnam vyar was fought on foreign soil, it caused d e e p fissures in American society. It is not easy, in such a silualion, to persuade a vast majority of the American people to let bygones be bygones. Gen. Robert E. Lee, the Confederate military leader, did not receive amnesty either before or a f t e r his death in 1870. A move is now under way in Congress to grant him a posthumous pardon. Some members would like lo amend the measure to grant amnesty to Vietnam war resistors as well. If they do, it may be a long lime before Robert E. Lee's name is finally cleared.