Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on August 26, 1974 · Page 4
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August 26, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 4

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Monday, August 26, 1974
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Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest la The First Concern Oj This Newspaper 4 · MONDAY, AUGUST 26, 1974 Congressmen. Take Dim View Of Reform Pity The Poor Small Farmer President Ford is reported to tie thinking about a 10-ceut a gallon increase in the federal excise tax on gasoline. That would run the average price up around 65 cents per. The increase, the reasoning goes, would bolster the Treasury and help conserve energy. On top of that, it would hit the rich (who have more cars with bigger engines) harder than the less wealthy. That's all well and good in the city, whore po' folks have access to some sort o£ mass transit. For the farmer and rural resident, where life may be gentle but every penny counts, such an increase could be disastrous. It strikes us that the government's treatment of the small farm operation the last six years or so amounts, to a particular lack of concern about this segment of society by the Republican Party. Certainly Mr. Ford's indication that he intends to keep Agri Secretary Butz on the payroll isn't our idea of a significant change for the better in this particular circumstance. If you add higher fuel prices to inflationary cost of feed, interest rates, fertilizer, plus the summer's drouth, you have a formula for just about wiping out -- the family farmer -- an already endangered species. Political Ain't Necessarily Proper You can pretty well bet on it --· the Congress won't be getting around to any sort of amnesty legislation this session, and it looks as if health insurance is about that dead, too. At least part of the problem in both instances is the politically untouchable- ness of the separate issues. Amnesty for Civil War veterans isn't looked on with great disfavor, including we feel sure most members of the VFW from Dixie, a number of whose forebearers undoubtedly received same from President Lincoln. Vietnam, though, is a different proposition, being considerably closer and more emotional, i.e., less objectively perceived. President Ford and Sen. Ted Kennedy asked last week for tolerance and understanding on the issue of amnesty as a means of getting the national agonies of the Vietnam experience behind us. In vain. And it isn't a case of blanket, unconditional amnesty, either, but rather one of restraint from a molding climate of vindictiveness and revenge'. "No sale! Jail the (expletive deleted)!" is the opposition reply. Very few politicians running for office this fall are likely to jump into the middle of so uncompromising a fray. The same brand of logic, sad to say, ap- pears to prevail on Capitol Hill in regard to National Health Insurance. As an abstract proposition almost everyone favors food health. But medical and insurance lob- ies have distorted an agreeable abstraction into so partisan a dispute that Rep. Wilbur Mills, from whose Ways and Means Committee must originate the legislation, tells President Ford that no consensus is in sight this side of the general election in November. ' Mills suggests that perhaps a lame duck Congress, free of the restraints of campaign posturing, might allow some sort of effecitve health care legislation to be passed. Mills remains, if nothing else, a pretty good reader of congressional sentiment, so his assessment of health care legislation's poor state of health must be regarded as authoritative. We would further note that with the aggravated state of the nation's economic health, a lame duck Congress could well be more of a necessity than a luxury. It is going to take more than presidential jawboning, we have an idea, to get the nation's economy straightened out. A lame duck Congress, meeting after the elections, might find it easier to ponder issues on their merits: Election and campaign reform, among others. By JACK ANDERSON And LES \VHITTEN WASHINGTON -- Last month we set up a special "Reform . Watch" to keep the public posted on what Congress is doing to put its own House in order. Here is our latest report: No issue is more despised on Capitol Hill than congressional reform. When plans to reorganize the House surface, even the most antagonistic congressmen often combine to club them down. A workable plan which Rep. Richard Boiling, D-Mo., submitted to run the House more efficiently is now getting a bruising. The bill would abolish some :: i p . u t d a t e d committees and · ·· 'Streamline others. It would break the stranglehold of t h e seniority system which keeps bright young members out of leadership positions. National problems, from, health, to energy, to inflation, to tax reform, could be handled faster. Committees would be required to oversee the programs they pass instead 'of simply whelping and forgetting them. But the old warhorses who control the House are fighting reform. If their committees are , sliced up like watermelons, they will be left in some cases with nothing but the seeds: ' · Here are three typical case histories of how the Old Guard Is protecting itself: --Decent old Rep. Carl Perkins, D-Ky., would have his Education and Labor Committee cut in half, by reform. So a few days ago, he quietly organized a bloc of committee The Washington Merry-Go-Round What Others Say... POETIC JUSTICE There was more than just a little poetic justice in the hoax played on some members of Congress this week when phony statements attributed to them w e r e printed in the Congressional Record. The false, but humorous, statements poked fun at a cou- ple of lawmakers, including Rep. Earl Landgrebe (R-Ind.), one of ex-president Nixon's last ditch supporters. The item, supposedly written by Landgrebe, suggested that President Ford appoint Nixon as his new vice president and that he then resign, thus elevating Nixon back to his position of From Our Files; How Time Fliesl 10 YEARS AGO A driving rain, accompanied by lightning and some heavy wind whipped across Northwest Arkansas last night. Damage included a vacant barn on Hwy. f!5 which burned to the ground after being struck by lightning. Boyce Davis, folksinger, was so VEARS AGO City aid to practically every street improvement district, increased expense in keeping streets clean and in repair and other expenses current with a growing city are causing the city dads to scratch their heads as to ways and means for 100 YEARS AGO W a s h i n g t o n County were enrolled as members of the s t a t e teachers association guest artist at a meeting of -the Retired Officers Group Friday at the Holiday Inn. Plans for a six-wheeled vehicle capable of taking two astronauts on a 14-day, 200 mile jaunt on the moon were disclosed this week by Boeing Co. raising more revenue. October 3rd has been set as date for a pageant, Hiwatha's Childhood, an operetta to b e . staged in City Park ampithea- tre which visitors from Greece have declared is as beautiful and as spacious as the one in Athens. during the month of August, records at the office of county superintendent O.W. Bass show. They'll Do It Every Timt 7H/H-$K/NN£CP/lt. AFTfR'/'HOT££//£. HP/.' WHITcFlSK, OL.' BOY-HCW WAS THE WEEKEUP? DIPJA HAVE GOOD WEATHER? THE. ONLY TIME. WHITEY £V£R GOT A 6UAPON THE 8ACK-MP H'S BIG TURK TANS EASILY, SO THINKS A 3«o DE6REE BURM IS VERY FUNNY.' \ wv jl LIKE IT \f HE 50T /{ HIT OH HIS WEAK- ,'. ~7HANX TO ·JIM TOLUY lost grandeur. ·When Landgrebe spotted the item, he hit the roof, as did o t h e r Congressmen who 'screamed that the dignity and sanctity of the halloowcd Congressional R e c o r d h a d been desecrated. An investigation has been demanded "to get to the bottom" of how anyone could put anything phony into the record. Well, now, just how phony can you get? For decades the Congressional Record has been full of phoniness. It has become the repository for the most awful mishmash of drivel in the land. Congressmen are allowed coin-" plete freedom to use its pages . for whatever purpose they desire and, up until now, no one has ever been so bold as to even suggest that truth should ever be a guide. Members of Congress have long used the Record as a campaign tool or a means to pump up their egos or those of their constituents. Long-winded speeches, many of which have never even been given, regularly appear in the Record, just as if they had been delivered before the full House or the Senate assembled at breathless attention. Other in- tries range from the favorite recipe of the county fair pickle winner to original poems penned by a back home grade school class. Of course, the Congressional Record does contain much that is relevant, important and necessary. It is the official record of what Congress is up to and is a tool of great value to historians, poloticians, teachers, lobbyists and all other Congress watchers. But it has been greatly abused by members of Congress. Now some of them are outraged and are screaming 'foul' b e c a u s e others have elbowed into their act. While we can't condone turning the Record into a joke hook, it has to be said that it isn't likely anyone would have thought of trying to hoax the Congressmen if they had not set such a good examole for that kind of thing in the past. --Arkansas Democrat MEALS ON WHEELS A friend of ours who rides the bus to work regularly said t h a t one morning last week the bus driver stopped for breakfast. That's right: just pulled the bus over to the curb, said not a word to the three passengers on it, left the motor running and went into a street-side coffee shop. Five minutes later he returned with an egg sandwich and a Coke. We asked our friend if the unexpected delay made him angry. "Not at all," he said. I was really grateful that he ordered his breakfast 'to go' instead of eating it in the coffee shop." That is the proper altitude, we think. There is no sense in adding "hungry drivers" to the bus company's list of problems. --Charlotte (N.C.) Observer chairmen and met with House leaders Carl Albert, D-Okla., and Thomas O'Neill, D-Mass. Perkins' posse, made up of Reps. Wilbur Mills, D-Ark., Wayne Hays, D-Ohio, Rep. pone the Boiling Bill until after Lcnore Sullivan, D-Mo., Harley Staggers, D-W. Va., and incoming chairman David Henderson, D-N.C., wants to postpone the Billing Bill until after the November elections. So far, Albert and O'Neill are backing the reforms. --Mills, chairman of Ways and Means, would also suffer , a power loss under the Boiling bill. So he helped sidetrack it to a study committee chaired by Rep. Julia Hansen, D-Wash. Ms. Hansen has her own weaker version of the bill, but it is disliked by most Republicans and it probably would be killed on the floor. Mills, in effect, was trying to pigeonhole the Boiling bill. --Hays, whose House Administration Committee would be leashed by the Boiling bill, threatened to hold up election campaign reform until the Boiling' report was squashed. Earlier, the capable but cantankerous Hays suggested to at least one House member that a vote for B o i l i n g might affect the contributions the member received from the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee, which Hals heads. Even some of Congress 1 most p r o d u c t i v e members have joined to defeat the Boiling bill, reform. "The public got what How To Hatch A While they publicly insist they are afraid the reforms ,will lead to corrupt concentrations of power, they privately concede that Ihey don't want to give up their cake any more than the Old Guard. R e s p e c t e d Rep. Frank Thompson. D-N.J., for instance, has pulled out of the fight for they wanted this year -- campaign reform," ' he told us. Thompson, a ranking rtember of the Education and Labor Committee, loves the education side of the committee, but he did receive $21,024 from labor union contributors for his 1972 campaign. Dividing the committee could divorce Thompson's love from his labor contributions. A tiger on behalf of consumers and conservationists, Rep. John Dingell, D-Mich., would have two key committee assignments hatcheted by the Boiling bill. Dingell candidly told our reporter Jim Moorhead: "I think the Boiling report stinks and I want to kill it any way I can." Though less vocal than Dingell, several other opponents of the bill are equally helpful to the poor, the ailing and the Idealistic. Yet they, too, have drawn the line when it comes to loss of power. Thus, Reps. Jack Brooks, D- Tex., Phil Burton, D-Cal., and Jim O'Hara, D-Mich:, all scarred from long battles on behalf of the people, are now joining forces with special interests champions as Armed State Of Affairs What Price The Generals? By CLAYTON FRITCHEY WASHINGTON -- Something can still be salvaged from the Cyprus" disaster if it.prompts .·. the United Stales to" reconsider' ·' its lorrgtime policy of supporting anti-democratic right-wing military dictatorships around the wo'rld on the questionable assumption that they are vital to American security. The dismal end results of blindly sticking with the Greek colonels and generals is only one example of how this shortsighted policy has more often betrayed U.S. interests than advanced them. If any confirmation of this is needed, a quick look at Southeast Asia · and Korea ought to suffice. In the case of Greece, the official justification (under Democrats as well as Republicans) for aiding if not abetting the military junta that overthrew a democratic 'government in ISO? was that Greece, supposedly being the southern anchor of NATO, was indispensable to the collective defense in case of aggression in the Mediterranean. If the clash over Cyprus lias served no other purpose, it at least has demonstrated the bankruptcy, to say nothing of t'fie riaivcle, of relying on Greece as an important and dependable ally. The military establishment organized by the junta with massive help from the United States was so feeble that, when put to the lest, it couldn't even stop a limited Turkish expeditionary force. Since this was the military . machine that in a showdown was counted on to help stand off a superpower like Russia, it is Just as well we know now rather than later how feckless it really is when the shooting starts. ! T H E , TYRANNICAL junta 'apparently demoralized the armed forces'as well as' the Greek people. The generals, in short, lost the confidehco of everybody but Washington. Also distressing is that Washington, even though it had advance knowledge of the junta's plans, did :hiit'-have enough influence to head^ off the Greek-inspired Cyprus government of Archbishop Makarios and set off the chain of events which finally culminated in the sacking of the U.S. embassy in Cyprus and the killing of our ambassador. In sum. after being supported for years by both American guns and butter, the Greek militarists simply told Washington to go to hell when it suited their purpose to do so. This should not have come as a surprise for, during the Arab-Israeli war, th'e 'Greek generals also refused to co-operate in expediting the U.S. arms aid to Israel. Once the hostilities began in Cyprus, it may well be that if Secretary of State Henry Kissinger had to tilt between Greece and Turkey it was the better part of valor to tilt on the side of the Turks. That remains to be seen. Unfortunately, however, this decision was forced on Washington just at the moment a new Greek democratic government was replacing the haled military junta. The upshot is that Premier Constantine Caramanlis, the new leader of the country that invented democracy, has been weakened at the moment when he needed all the support he could get. With Greek crowds taking to the streets to chant "Americans, go home," it is not hard to understand why Cara- manlis felt he had to withdraw his country from NATO. NOT LONG AGO, Congress and the American public were being told that the Administration had to play., ball with the Greek military dictatorship not only because of NATO but also because of the naval bases we had to have lor the U.S. Sixth Fleet, which patrols the Medi- Services Chairman F. Edward Hebert, D-La. We wHl keep watch on the reforms and report to the voters before November on which of their elected representatives still drag their feet on overhauling the lawmaklng machinery. OILY RULING: Five giant oil companies have been able to hide their far-flung foreign operations from the public with the active cooperation of the Securities and Exchange Com-, mission. The five are Shell, Standard Oil of California, Exxon, Texaco and Mobil. For a time, it appeared that Rep. John Moss, D-Calif., would be able to drag the information out through his House SEC snb- c o m m i t t e e . But Standard, Exxon, Texaco and Mobil, all part of the Aramco group in Saudi Arabia, speedily raised the tattered banner of "national security" to hide their foreign dealings. They argued that being forced to report separately their profitable overseas operations instead of lumping them in with their overall report could endanger a conference with secret i v e foreign oil-producing nations called by Secretary of Stale Henry Kissinger. By involing the magic nams of Kissinger and claiming that the foreign figures would only mislead investors anyway, they won SEC approval to keep tha facts in the closet. Amazingly, however, SEC strictly required separate disclosures for foreign and domestic operations for II smaller oil firms. Meanwhile, the public has little informaion to determina whether Big Oil's overseas profits should be applied to bringing down the price of gasoline at the pump. --United Feature Syndicai* Labor Day: No Time Of Tranqudity WASHINGTON (ERR) -- Th« 80th official observance of Labor Day in the United State* will take place Sept. 2. terranean. Now that these bases are to be closed to us, however, the Pentagon finds they are no great loss because the Navy can always go back to the old bases in Italy or, perhaps, new ones in Turkey. The debacle of our policy in Greece comes at a time when Congress is showing signs of taking a new hard look at the military dictatorships we have been supporting for so long in South Vietnam, South Korea, Cambodia and Taiwan. The recent House slash of aid to Vietnam was an eye-opener. Since the end of World War II. America's costly interventions in Asia on behalf of antidemocratic right-wing 'governments have generally been undertaken in the name of saving the people from antidemocratic left-wing governments, although the people often can't seem to t e l l the difference. As of now, the best hope for the future is the accession of a .new U.S. President who supports a detente with China and Russia, but who is not saddled with old personal commitments to such Asian generals as Nguyen Van Thieu, Park Chung Hee and Chiang Kai-shek. (C) 1974, Los Angeles Times Bible Verse "But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, self-control; against such there is no law." Galatians 5:22, 23 Our lack of joy in the Lord's service leaves the outsider no other alternative but to judge that we are far short of what the first Christians had enjoyed and shared. "Restore unto ms the joy of thy salvaton." IT SHOULD HAVE surprised no one that one of the first visitors lo President Ford's Oval Office was AFL-CIO President George Meany. Ford will need all the labor support he can muster if he is to make headway in his war on inflation. For the moment, labor leaders seem inclined to give Ford the benefit of the many doubts they have about his legislative voting record. But their support could well eavporate quickly. "Union leaders. . .are making it plain that they will, not back off on their drive for wage increases of around 12 per cent," U.S. News and W o r l d Report stated. "They say they cannot be expected to react favorably to 'jawboning' against pay raises which they see as only 'catching up' wilh what they lost during the years of wage and price controls." The entirely understandable desire to "catch up" is one of driving forces behind loday'3 double-digit inflation. Eyeryona wants to recover lost financial ground: labor, business, - nd consumers. Ford's main task will be to persuade all sides that restraint is the order of tha day. A MAJOR TEST of the President's policies with respect to labor, inflation, and energy needs will come in November, when the U n i t e d Mine Workers' contract with coa! operators expires. The miners provided a tasle of things possibly to come by calling a five- day "memorial" closing of the nation's soft-coal mines starting Aug. 19. The universal assumption was that the UMW wanted to deplete stockpiled coal and thus strengthen its position at the bargaining table. As a professed admirer of Harry S. Truman, Ford must know that a coal strike can stir bitter feelings. A 45-day nationwide coal strike in 1946 impelled President Truman to order a temporary takeover the of the industry. When UMW President John L. Lewis then called a second strike, Truman took the union to court, when it lost its case and was fined. The ill will generated by th« dispute festered for years afterward. FORD'S AND union leaders' views on how to deal with ths country's economic problems may become foetter known on Labor Day, traditionally an occasion for politicians to deliver speeches before rallies of union members. The speechmaking is especially heavy in election years, as candidate's for public office vie for labor support at the polls. The first Labor Day celebration was a parade in New York City in 1882, and some historians credit the Knights of Labor for dreaming up the idea. But the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America insists that its founder. Peter J. McGuire, was the f i r s t to propose that "labor by its own will should establish its own universal holiday" and that "this day should be likewise observed throughout the country." In 1894 President Cleveland signed legislation making Labor Day, observed always on the first Monday in September, a national holiday. The large parades and picnics that once characterized Labor Day gave way to quieter, more private observances as the labor movement gained in strength and self-confidence. But even .now the holiday serves as an annual reminder that the laibor movement is a political and economic force to be reckoned with,

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