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JJortfjtoest Ctmes; SECTION B FAYETTEVILia ARKANSAS, SUNDAY, AUGUST 25, 1974 Polygraph Finding Place In Business World Things Are J ampin At Holiday Isle Things are really jumping over around Holiday Island, on the upper end of Table Rock Lake. That's just across the cable bridge from the town of Beaver. If you haven't been over that way Â· in a year or so you won't recognize it. For one thing, they are about to complete a large "sports plaza" as the clown jewel attraction in the center of old Banach Island. There are six n e w hard-surfaced tennis courts, indoor and outdoor swimming pools, miniature golf, .shuffleboard, billiards, a first c l a s s quarterhorse track (complete with stables and comfortable grandstand), and for the less ambitious older set, a cozy (members only) cocktail 'lounge, right in the middle. All these facilities are finished, or almost, and in celebration the sponsoring McCulloeh Recreational Properties tossed a party last weekend. Highlight of the festivities were a couple of afternoons of entertainment starring Chill Wills (who, with his wife Fred has just purchased a home site, there), Pat But- trarn, Molly Bee and Jim Mundy. It was hot both afternoons, Saturday and Sunday, but crowds well up in tha hun- 'dreds milled through the area. Entertainment and use of the sports complex facilities were on the house, and everything was put to good use. Tony Adams, the tennis pro at Hickory Hills Country Club in Springfield, Mo., and his wife, ^conducted a popular clinic on one set of courts; and S t e v e Taliaferro, and his wife Patty, conducted a golf tournament at the Island's, year-old 9-hole course. Â· ' THE SPORTS PLAZA, is the newest addition in the Holiday Island scene of things, but that's not all that's cookin' over that way by a long shot, before you ever get there you have to stop for the Eureka Springs Railroad crossing at Beaver, Â·where an antique 0-4-0 staddle tanker huffs, puffs and whistles along a mile or BO of recently completed track. On the way in, you run across the Holiday Island exotic animal shelter (zoo), which is extensive, impressive and enormously popular with the younger set, (for dad, t h e r e is a lounge at the entrance w i t h BLAKE TUNE ... stalking the sticky-fingered worker By RICK PENDERGRASS 01 The TIMES Staff The polygraph -- commonly known as a "Lie Detector" -has proven to be one of the most valuable instruments in modern criminal investigation, and has become popular among businesses as a petty crime preventative. More and more businesses are using polygraph's qualities to pin odwn thefts of money and merchandise by company em- ployes. And a program of periodical polygraph examinations has shown that employes will think twice about dipping into the till if they have to face the instrument later. Blake Tune and his wife Ruth, owners and operators of Tri-State Polygraph, 1309 N. Leverett Ave., supplement their incomes by testing commercial polygraph clients. Tune, a patrolman on the Fayettcville police Department earned his polygraph certificate with his wife at Texas ASM in 1972. They both give the exa minations though Tune gives al examinations involving a crimi rial case. DUAL ROLE "I serve a dual role as .polygrapher-- as a policeman I-am the department polygrap her; it's part of my job, anc on my own time, I run test, for the businesses." Needless to say, Tune find criminal polygraph work mor interesting, though he receive no extra pay for the work, i: contrast to the fee he is pai for commercial work. "Im crazy about police work to put it bluntly. If I can us the polygraph to break a majo case, or even to give an invest gation a substantial lead, that all the reward I need," Tun said. Before attending polygrap school, Tune was manager c a local farmers co-op. A frien introduced him to the scienc of polygraphy and he becam interested enough for he his wife to quit their job "Farm out" his two childre to grandparents, and atten school. It wasn't until polygrap school that he became interes ed in law enforcement. "The whole thing is so facin ting that I was complete swept up in it. There are s any things to law enforcement nd polygraphy that a person ever realizes until he gels into Â· things like the intense psy- lology of the- work and the ientific methods involved," aid Tune. PSYCHOLOGY STUDIES He said the courses at Texas M included exhaustive stu- es in psychology and ethics. "You find, for intance, that 'ten a subject may have com- litted a crime without thinking was a crime. Or a person nay have committed a very ecific crime and if you don't sk very specific questions, ou'll get no reacton on the in- trument," he said. . Tune explained that the poly- raph detects fluctuations in four ody functions: heart rate, h c s t breathing, stomach reathing and galvanic reflexes. Inch are eleclrical charges onvcyed throughout the body y the nervous system. The ame polygraph means simply many lines,* and describes le several graphs the machine reduces simultaneously on one ong sheet of paper. The instrument records sud- en changes in any of these iodily functions in response to et the kid to confess. Well, [ put him through several testa and kept asking if he had stolen the money, but 1 got no results. It was very puzzling. "Then I sat and studied the situation. There was nothing wrong with the machine, so it had to be something I was doing. The next time I tested him, I asked 'Did you take the money? I got results, What happened was the kid had always been taught that if something was just there for the taking it was to be taken. It wasn't stealing. So, when I asked if he stole the money, of course I got no response, although the kid did TAKE the money.' ' "That was a rare case, Tune said. For the most part, an average person can't fool the machine. The polygraph is used to de- lect employ theft, falsification of company records, vandalism etc. When the periodical check is used, employes first take at: introductory test to show then how the' instrument works am what type of questions will lx asked. 'COMPANY PROBLEMS ."I always give flic subject a specific questions. .If the change ecorded is drastic enough the question hit home. "Now it's much more sophisticated that it may seem at irst," Tune said. "Just because ;ou get a funny wiggle in a .ine doesn't mean the subject lying about something -- but then again, it might," For this reason, Tune said he often runs several tests on one person to narrow the questions down and be sure oi the positive result. On a recent criminal case he ran 12 tests on one person before finally get ting a confession. NO FOOLING 'You can't fool the machine. A genuine pathological liar can be difficult, but with the correct questioning, even he can be detected," Tune said. "Basically the machine just measues body functions. The body is the real lie detector; the machine just shows what the body is up to." This is were the psychology is important, Tune said. "For instance I tested a kid once who had stolen some money. Nobody doubted that he had ' stolen it. but we couldn't list of the questions before thi est, " Tune said. "I don't rely on surprise because I don'l need, t. The main thing in the first est is to show employes that I'm not interested in their lives -- just company problems. "Aljo, if an employe takes a test, it doesn't at all mean everybody --including the boss--has to take the test. That way, it works as much to protect the innocent employe as perhaps to point out the guilty employe." Tune said. Tune said that anything he discovers during a commercial polygraph lest remains confidential unless it applies to tha case involved. If he d_is- covers other criminal activities - he said about 80 per cent of the young people he tests turn out to be drug users at one level or another -- he disregards them. "It is n code of ethics among polygraphers that all such information remains completely private. I don't even use such information in my police work. I never mix commercial work' with police work," he said. Tune said he hopes to be promoted to the criminal investigation department of the police force, and eventually work in a narcotics division. in TIMES Survey Local Drivers Fail License Quizzes plenty of his favorite brew.) On up the road a piece is Holiday Island Motel, a convenient stop for those on any sort of extensive sight-seeing tour. It makes an excellent base for side trips into Eureka Springs, as well as around the Island. The motel proprietors also cater Kings Â·complete - b o a t s River float with guide, transportation, trips, John and By DORRIS TIMES HENDKICKSON Staff Writer they'll make arrangements for meals and overnight if you like. A bit further on, down by the one-way bridge which serves old Banach Island, is the marina and Yacht Club, which provide a starting point for what is said to be "hot" bass fishing al the moment. Tppwa- ler, for a change, is picking up all sorts of action, according to anglers in evidence last Saturday. You have to cross the bridge and drive out to Ihe vicinily of the Sports Plaza to get to The Barn, which is the genuine article, being the Old Banach barn now handsomely renovated into a theme nightclub. The -Barn is being promoted, with extensive advertising, and the management says business is good. Steaks, beer and pinto beans are featured, along with live musical entertainment, mostly national bookings. In the context of the tra- 'ditional Ozark Mountain night ' spot, The Barn is something else. (I concede that it is a long drive home, but then that's why the motel.) I got to visit a minute yvith Mr. Wills about a black walnut pie, he'd called me about. I'll get to that story later on. Sfale~MaiTHeid On Bank Robbery Charge LITTLE ROCK (AP) -- Maxey Durell Parish of Helena was arraigned Saturday after being arrested in connection with the noon-hour robbery of liie Bank of Oiarksdale's Lula, Miss., branch last week, the FBI said. Parish, 31, was turned over to the U.S. marshall in lieu of $25,000 bond. Ray L. Faisst, special agent in charge of the Little Rock office of the FBI, said charges in the bank robbery would be filed by the FBI in Mississippi since the robbery occurred there. Faisst said the charges had been authorized by the U.S. attorney's office in the northern district of Mississippi. Faisst said bnnk cameras recorded the robbery and that the hank photographs were distributed to the news media in Arkansas.' Ever get the feeling that almost three fourths of the drivers on the road don't know what they're doing? Well, you're right. Virtually three of 2very five drivers, if asked to take a spur of the moment written drivers test, would fail. At least thai was the result found in a recent TIMES survey of 50 Fayetteville drivers chosen at random. Results showed that only 14 of the 50 drivers queried would pass the state examination, p r o v i d e d they made similar scores on the remainder of the test. East driver in the survey -23 men and 27 women ranging in age from 19 to 55 years -was asked to answer nine ques tions. The questions were selected by State Police Maj. Tommy Goodwin from among those included on the state driver's examination. Each question was followed by four possible answers with the driver expected to select the correct tesponse. Drivers were asked when headlights should be dimmed for an oncoming car; when another car can f oe passed on the right; what the correct following distance is at 30 miles per hour; what the law requires when a driver is arrested for drunken driving; when a driver may drive at the maximum poste speeds; when headlights must be turned on; how to park on a hill; what mufflers must do and how far from the curb should a car be when parking parallel. OVERALL SCORE The overall score was 64 per cent correct. The State Police vill not license a driver who 'ails to make at least 80 per cent on the written test. Of the 50 persons queried two missed six of the nine questions and three -- two men and one woman -- correctly answered questions. Contrary to popular opinion, overall scores of men and women were virtually identical. However, men fared better on some questions and women on those in the older age fared somewhat better others. Also ;roup :han the younger drivers. Drivers were div.ided into three age groups. Those bet ween 19 and 25 scored an overall 64 per cent. Those between 26 and 35 dropped on percentage point to 63 while, those between 36 and over scored 66 per cent. The questions and percentage results are as follows: 1. A driver must dim his headlights when he gets withii how many feet of an oncoming car? In the 19-25 age group 48 per cent answered correctly with only 33 per cent providing the third group. The total group age group and 47 per cent in the third grouv. The total group average was 42 per cent. Fifty per cent of the men and 43 per cent of the women answered correctly. 2. When may another vehicle he passed on the right? In the first group, only 48 per cent Jave the right answer. The second and third groups fared much better with 72 and 73 pel- cent respectively. The group score was 64 per cent. Males answered the question correctly '8 Â· per cent of the time and females 52 per cent. 3. What is the correct dis- ance between two cars travel- ng at 30 miles per hour? Fifty- two per cent in the 19-24 group answered correctly, while only 22 per cent in the second group furnished the right answer and "53 per cent in the 36 and over group. The average of all 50 persons was 42 per cent. Men and women were almost equal on this question with men at 5fi per cent and women at 52 per cent. 4. DRUNK DRIVERS If arrested for drunk driving, what is a driver required by law to do? Seventy six per cent in' the first group, 94 per cent in the second anc 80 per cent in the third answered correctly. The average was 84 per cent. Women wert correct 91 per cent of the time compared to 81 per cent for men. 4. When may u driver drive at the maximum, posted speec limit? In the first, and secora groups, 94 per cent answerec ,he question correctly, compared with 100 per cent in the 36 and over group. The average vas 96 per cent. Ninety-one per cent of the women and 100 per cent of the men gave the right ,wer. HEADLIGHT USE . When must a driver turn his headlights? The best response came from the younger group, with 65 per cent offering the correct answer. The second group scored 28 per cent and the third 33 per cent, h an overall average of 42 rcr cent. Women scored much setter in giving the correct answer 52-per cent of the time ;o 30 per cent for the men. 7. Which direction should the r ront wheels of a car be turned when parking downhill with a curb? Ninety-eight per cent of Ihe drivers answered the question correctly with 100 per cent in the first and second groups and 93 per cent in the third. The right answer'was given by 100 per cent of the men and 96 per cenl of the women. 8. Every vehicle must be equipped with a muffler. Whai does this muffler prevent? In the first group 59 per cent gave Ihe right "answer, compared to 6' per cent for the second and 73 per cent for the third, with an overall average of 6G per cent. Women were correct 61 per cent of the lime and men 70 per cent. 9. When parking parallel, whal is the greatest distance thai Auditions For liarkeltes Set Kenneth L. Ballenger, director of the University of Arkansas Uarkettes and professor of music, said auditions to fill vacancies left by graduating students will be held Wednesday and Thursday. "We have three vacancies in the soprano and alto sections and five vacancies for men -three tenors and two basses," Ballenger said. "Also, we will audition string bass players and percussionists.-" Wednesday's auditions will he at 12:30 noon in Room 312 of the Arts Center and Thursday's auditions will be at 12:30 noon in the Arts Center Concert Hall. The Uarkettes, who returned earlier this month from a tour of Europe, will display fheir memorabilia on the fourth floor of the Arkansas Union next to the ballroom in Septem her for public viewing. Ballenger aso announced that KFSM television of Fort Smitli will interview Uarkctles for one of its "Diaogue '74" programs. 6,000 Students To Attend Fayetteville Schools Monday Nearly 6,000 students will he going to school Monday morning as Fayetteville classes open for 1974-75. School buses will be in operation on the streets and highways and many of the students will be going to school for the first time. Motorists are urged by law enforcement and school officials to exercise extreme caution and observe school zone speed limits and t r a f f i c regulations regarding school buses. "I am extremely optimistic that this is going to be a good year," said Superintendent Harry Vandergriff, setting the lone he hopes to foster throughout the year. "I know we have a good school system. I've visited many schools in and out o f . A r - ansas and our schools compare favorably with Ihe host," said Vandergriff. He attributes (his to the support and interest of citizens and the dedication of an excellent teaching staff. Welcoming new teachers to Ihe system, Vandergriff called for a dedication to the profession and a cooperative working together. "Regardless of the position we hold with the Fayeltcville schools we are all employed for the basic purpose of ensuring the best possible education for each student entrusted to our care. In order to fulfill this responsibility we must work together in the best interest of children," he said. Teaching is a noble profession, not just a job. Vandergriff maintains. "You can't offer students the tools they need to be successful unless you realize the overwhelming importance of being n teacher. The rewards and challenges inherent in leaching are great. "Teachers themselves musl have a sense of their own worth in order to create educaliona excellence, sludenls exposed to teachers who do not reflect this altitude merely run in the sam place throughout their days in school," he said. "Only when we, as leach crs. come to the classroom wit! ourselves intact, with our sell image in good standing wit ourselves, can we influence stu dents. Then we influence them with almost every move w make. "We can respond in joy an trust and can easily relate t a child by praising instead o downgrading. It is alway possible lo encourage deeper in volvemont and to point oi where paths of searching ca lend. It teachers find this im possible, they are in the wron profession," he said. _ANTIQUE CARS .. . featured at festival heels may be from the curb n average of 54 per cenc nswered the final question orrectly, 35 per cent in the rst groqp, 56 in the second nd 47 in the third. Men were orrect 52 per cent of the time nd women 39 per cent. The question' of periodic re- Â·sting of drivers comes before le slate Legislature virtually pery two years. A spokesman or the State Police.said .he ex- ected the question to conic lip 'ain next year and added; "it ouid "ing." probably be a good Democrats Win Endorsement 01 Union Group Eureka Springs Festival Planned By FADNE CONNER The pages of time will be HOT SPRINGS, Ark. (AP) -\11 state Democratic candi !ates received Ihe support of he state AFL-CIO's Committee n Political Education (COPE) Saturday at a special contention here. Only one of four amendments o the state Constitution, how- ver, received the endorsement 'f the labor group. That was Amendment 55 which would aise the salaries of constitutional officers. Democratic candidates re- ncluded David Pryor, candidate for governor; Gov. Dale Jumpers, candidate for the U.S. Senate; Rep. Bill Alexander, 1st Congressional District; Rep. Wilbur D. Mills, 2nd Dis- rict; Bill Clinton, candidate for he 3rd District seat held by incumbent Republican John Paul fammerschmidt and Joe Pur- turned back in the Ozprks Sept. 14 and 15 during the Fourth annual Eureka Springs Antique Car. Festival. The festival, a refreshingly different antique car event, is sponsored by the Eureka Springs Chamber of Commerce to provide a weekend of free family entertainment. This year the festival is expected to attract some 80 antique car owners from Arkansas, Missouri, Oklahome and Tennessee. Participants many of whom will be dressed in period road costumes, will be driiving a wide variety of rare and unusual vintage automobiles. Â·Festival activities begin Saturday. Sept. 14, at 11 a.m. with the traditional parade of c a r s through Eureka Springs. The cars will leave from the Hart's Family Center parking lot on U.S. 62 east and will drive by many of the City's Victorian homes to the business districl on Spring Street. The cars will then park in a reserved area on Spring Street to allow tour ists lime to examine them more closely and take pictures. Following the parade, a "hillbilly family feud" will be stag ed along Spring Street. At 2 p.m. Saturday, a bank robbery will be re-enacted on Spring Street by members the Ozark Antique Auto Club of Springfield, Mo., who will be representing the Price Gang The robbery actually took place ' ' the th cell, candidate ;overnor. for lieutenant Each,of the Democratic can- lidates endorsed, with the exception of Mills, gave a short speech thanking the AFL CIO. Some COPE members raised the question of the desirability of Mills as a candidate. How~ever. the vole to support Mills carried by a large majority. The consitu'Jonal amendments not endorsed by COPE were Amendment 57, designed to remove the slate's 10 per cent usury ceiling; Amendment 54, which would amend state and Amendment 56, the reorganization of county government. During the week, all the candidates had spoken to the group. Also at Saturday's meeting, Ken Coon, the Republican candidate for governor, said the AFL-CIO should fully disclose any contributions it has made or plans to make in the governor's race. Cnon said one of the candidates in lhat race has been labeled "labor's man." 52 years ago and, during festival, will be staged in Troll House Gift Shop which is the former location of the Firs National Bank of Eureka Springs. After Ihe "robbery," tb Eureka Springs Ozark Mountain Twirlers will present a square dance show in front of Basil Park on Spring Street, followei by a colorful and noisy "shoot out" between the revcnooer and a band of bootlegging hill billies. RECEPTION SET From 5 to 6 p.m. Saturday a reception will be held a Mount Air Lodge for antiqu car owners. The festival will conclude Sun day, Sept. IS. at 10 a.m. a roving brunch for antique ca owners. Participants in the ro\ ing brunch, which Is a conies rather than n race, will trave to various Eureka Springs re staurants for courses, and, different brunc along t h e \va will stop to try their luck in si veral surprise events in whic (hey may accumulate point The number of points won b ach car driver will be totaled , the end of the brunch. As first prize for the winner the roving brunch, tha ureka Springs Chamber of ommerce is offering a trip for vo on the new overnight mini- uise liner, the Arkansas xplorer, which makes round ips twice weekly on the Ark- nsas River between Little ock and Dardanelle. Second ize will be a chain saw from IcCulloch Recreational Proper- es, Inc.. and third prize will e a painting of an antique car y Eureka Springs artist Helen e Lcmv, Runner-up prizes will include tank of gasoline. 25 one dollar ortificates for gasoline and rizes donated by. Eureka prings merchants and local ar- sts and craftsmen. Those who wish to maks oom reservations for the festi- al should write or call the :tii'Clta Springs Chamber of iommerce. Eureka Springs, ,ny antique car owner who 'o'ulrl like to participate in tha cstival may obtain further in- ormation by contracting t h 9 estival chairman, Stephen Chy- chcl Route 2, Eureka Springs. PINE BLUFF, Ark. (AP) -The state Correction Board ap- iroved on Saturday a revised iiidget for 1974-75 lotaling 12,877,245. Of that amount, $1,354,122 vill go for inmate care and custody. The remaining $1,523,23 will be for agriculture use. The Correction Board was old that after expenses are deluded there probably would be i $16,000 to $17,000 profit from .he annual inmate rodeo at Cummins Prison Farm. The board also discussed possible changes in the work re- ease policies and the disciplinary court policy and jroccdures for inmates, but .ook no action. After the meeting, the hoard reconvened as the Correction Department's Education Board and approved three additional teacher contracts. This brought Ihe total staff in the department's school district to 15. Classes are to resume Sept. 9 with 645 inmates enrolled in basic education and 89 seeking the general equivalency diploma.