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Editorial-Opinion Page Tfte Public Interest Is The First Concern Oj This Newspaper 4 Â· SATURDAY, AUGUST 24, 1974 Ford's Opportunity Is Now :' ' It is too early to tell for sure how broad a spectrum of national cooperation President .Ford will muster in his campaign for volun- ; tary self-sacrifice. He got the nation's may' ors to go along wtih prospects for reduced : federal aid in the months ahead, during a White House conference last week. Significantly, too, there is a positive air of cooperation in the Congress on cutting back on various programs, a notable one being the Agricultural-Environmental and Consumer Protection Appropriations Bill, which was vetoed by President Nixon in one of his last official acts before resigning. Congressional leaders apparently will seek conciliation and compromise on cutbacks rather than make a stab at over-riding the veto, inspite of a certain sense of outrage at the implications in the veto message that Congress was trying to unbalance the budget. In point of fact, the legislation was within $150 million of the administration budget request, and the increase reflected, according to the Appropriations Committee, a request for additional funds by the Secretary of Agriculture. Congress, however, is anxious to avoid an unnecessary confrontation at this early stage of the game, so Mr. Ford is off and winging in his efforts to bring about restraint in spending as a major tool in efforts to bring inflationary pressures under control. To date, though, the ax is being aimed at domestic programs and tag-end, lobbiless participants in federal dole. In this regard, we are pleased to find Sen. John McClellan, a customary champion of big military spending, recommending cuts in the Defense budget. President Ford, so far, has given little promise that he believes in cutting back on military outlay. Indeed, the Pentagon's traditional arguments at this time of year are that much equipment is obsolete and the Russians are ahead in several vital areas of technology and prepard- .p.ess, i.e., a bigger budget is imperative. Unless President Ford jawbones his constituency all the way down the line, however, from housewife to and including the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the excellent opportunity he now holds of cooling inflation by the end of the year will probably be gone, come 1975. If that happens, the country could be back in a worse stew than ever. From The Readers Viewpoint Straightening The Record To the Editor: Having been one of several Jaycees and Jaycettes who spent many hours working and planning for the August slate board meeting for Jaycees, I was distrubed with your coverage 1 of the event in Sunday's paper. Ken Coon is a fine man, in fact, past president of the Arkansas Jaycees. However, your headline and article are misleading because Ken Conn DID NOT address the Â· 650 Jaycees during the meeting. Since Jaycees have not endorsed Ken Coon, I do not feel the state board meeting should be an excuse to be a sounding board for Ken's campaign agenda, strategy, and qualifications for governor. : " And Jim W o o l e n , Arkansas Petroleum Council re- presentative WAS NOT the highlight of the awards banquet S a t u r d a y night presenting money prizes to Marmaduk Magnolia, and Center Hill Jaycees. Nothing was said about these clubs donating their prize money to help alleviate a debt incurred in getting Arkansas' David Hale elected national Jaycee president. With such outstanding young men as U.S. Jayeee president David Hale, National board member Ron Adams from Las Vegas, and assistant Louisiana Tourist Commissioner Don Courts attending the August board meeting, your coverage could have belter reflected the content and preparation which went into hosting this event for members from across the stale. Fayelteville citizens would probably be more interested in knowing that Iwo local young '""men^received the highest award given at the banquet. I refer to Brian Gartside, winner of the Billy Graham's Answer In your column, you often -suggest counseling when it comes to emotional problems. We have a situation regarding my daughter which now requires professional help. But how successful is this type of assistance? M.O. Obviously, I can't predict the success of your counseling sessions, but I would certainly think it was worth trying. There is no reason why the Christian should be hesitant in airing emotional or mental problems with a competent counselor. ..God works through means, and that doesn't minimize His miracle working power at all. I would think the success of 'your sessions would depend on several things: first, how much you really want the problem solved. Secondly, it depends on how patient you are in getting insights into the complexity of the problem. Lastly, there's the factor of how capably you and you daughter will be 'in making necessary changes. You must understand that the aim of the counselor will not he to give you necessarily specific answers to specific problems. Rather it's lo provide a relationship where people can understand themselves, and learn better ways of relating to each other. All of this ought to be done under the guidance of God's Spirit, and in connection with the teaching of the Scripture. V. Wancr Marks competition for outstanding first year Jaycee and to Ben Keahey, winner of the stale Speak-Up competition. Patti Foster and Joye Gartside were also outstanding first year Jayceltes chosen afc Ihe Sunday morning business session. Too often in the past, Jaycees have not received credit where credit s due for constructive projects which Ihey underlake. Maybe they should be out tooting their own horns. For example, did you know that Fayelteville Jaycees sponsored a , fireman-policeman picnic expressing their appreciation to these city servants and honoring Mark Watley and Al Strain for outstanding service to their departments? Did you know Fayelteville Jaycettes spend two nights each week assisting with the arthritic pool at City Hospital? Â·Â·- Did-you know that state Jaycees contributed over $6.000 to the Multiple Sclerosis Foundation already this year and are helping them reach a $75,000 goal? Did you know that Fayetteville Jaycettes make tray favors for all holidays for patients at the Veterans Hospital? Did you know lhat Jaycees operate a Fourth of July fireworks stand to raise money for Arkansas Enterprises for the Blind? Did you know that local Jay- cettes sponsor a Vietnamese child through World Vision International? Did you know that Jaycees sponsor a little league baseball team? These are only a few of Ihe projects of the Fayelteville Jaycees and Arkansas Jaycees whose primary goal is development of the individual .through service to humanity. It is a privilege to be a Jaycee and Jaycette. I am very that your reporter and headline writer misread the standing ovation given Ken Coon honoring him not as a candidate for governor but as a past Jaycee state president. Marilyn Johnson New Video Season Is Upon Us WASHINGTON (ERR) -- The long drama ot impeachment and resignation made for television viewing of a mueli, higher order than the usual torpid fare served up by the networks during the summer months. But now a new television season is approaching and the outlook, as always, is tor more of what proved popular last season. Many of the new programs are thinly disguised imitations of established ones. NBC. for example, plans to u n v e i 1 Chico and the Man, a half-hour situation comedy about an elderly garage owner and a chica- no youth. It obviously is patterned after the network's most popular show, Sanford and Son -- a sort of Son of Sanford and Son. The two programs will be shown consecutively on Friday nights. The spinoff trend continues. Just as All in the Family gave birth to Maude, which in turn spawned Good Times, the long- running Mary Tyler Moore Show provided the inspiration for Rhoda, a .new half-hour comedy starring Valerie Harper. Even the titles of the shows are beginning to s o u n d alike. There are both Good Times and Happy Days, Kolchak and Kodiak, Police Story and Police Woman. CBS's Saturday night comedy parade includes The Paul Sand Show, the Mary Tyler Moore , Show, the Bob Newhart Show, and the Carol Burnett Show.-' ' .'.' .'.'-i'. 1 .. ..HOW EA'CB NEW or established show fares in the coming season depends, first and foremost, on its quality. Old favorites inevitably grow stale and are dropped from the schedule. But network executives are firmly convinced that much depends on the day and the hour of the evening any given program is shown. Friday presents special problems. "Readers of electronic entrails say that Friday night audiences are a strange combi- .naljon of thp,,y'ery young (staying up will into prime time because school is finished for the Â· week) n the very old (too poor or tired or frightened to go out for the evening) and a smattering of teen-age babysitters," Dick Adler wrote in i h e Los Angeles Times. "Those young, affluent married couples who are the gleam'in every advertiser's eye--and thus the reflected gleam in every producer's eye-- are mostly out being young and affluent somewhere away from home." For what it's worth, Herb Jacobs unflinchingly predicts that CBS will win the season's ratings battle by a wide margin. Jacobs, the chairman of Telcom Â· Associates, has been making such predictions for years, and his high degree of accuracy has won him the respect of the industry. He also believes that 1974-75 will be "one of television's most sterile seasons" because the networks are in a "race to emulate the Waltons' image" of earnest wholesomeness. ..THE NEW SEASON will likely see the continuance of one of the most significant trends in television over the past decade- the increasing use of blacks and other minority-group members in news and entertainment programming. Sanford and Son, with its two black stars, shot quickly to the top rank of the Neilsen ratings. Good Times, a comedy about a black family in a Chicago housing project, gives every in- Â· dication of becoming e q u a l l y pomilar. In addition, Ron Powers Â· w r o t e - in Â· the black-oriented newspaper Â·Â· supplement, Tuesday, "The rise of black characters in TV commercials has Â· been one of the g v ". a t untold cultural stories of the past 1 cultural stories of the past 10 years. The implications are dramatic, not only for the actors and actresses themselves, but for the whole troubled history of race relations." Television, in other words, has the power to educate and mold social values even as it is trying to sway, consumer judgement. Herblock Â« taking a few weeks off to finish, a book. The Quest For Cancer Control By HELEN It. SHAFFER (Editorial Research Reports) WASHINGTON -- - E v e r y o n e agrees that the government should push on with the war against cancer, but there is still haggling over the best way to carry on the fight. Congress all in 1971, for another three yeans. to extend- the National Cancer Program, originally authorized in 1971, for another three ytars. In the same measure, it called for creation of a panel of ex- perls to study and recommend policies for the National Institutes of Health. Since NIH includes the National Cancer Institute, the panel's findings could have considerable bearing on the conduct of the cancer crusade. At stake may be the pace with which medical science advances toward that still far-distant goal, the cosquest of cancer. Cancer ranks next to heart and cricul alien disorders as the . nation's biggest killer disease. One million American men, women and children suffer from cancer at any given time and, according to statistical trends, it will take the lives of 355,000 this year. One out ot four persons in this country -- 53 million -- can expect to be stricken with the disease in their lifetimes if present rates of incidence remain unchanged. THE MAJOR ISSUES that divide the ranks of cancer fighters -- politicians as well as scientists -- concern the allocations of funds for medical research. Critics of the existing situation complain that relatively bounteous treatmeal of the Cancer Institute -- and to a lesser extent, the National Heart and Lung Institute -- has been at the expense of other areas of medical research. This i s considered ill-advised because the medical sciences are interrelated and all are dependent on basic research. Within the cancer field itself, there is a continuing pull between those who favor m o r e ween those who favor more funding of activities to put current knowledge to work on palienl care -- and Ihose who favor more funds for research to obtain additional knowledge. Both are needed, of course, but how do we decide the most 'beneficial balance between the two? This tug-of-war is often described in terms of the earlier struggle against polio: Which did more good for man- kind, putting money into the development of more and better iron lungs or putting money info research that eventually produced the polio vaccine? Another . fundamental issue likely to come before the panel concerns the advisability of adhering closely to a goal-oriented systematic plan for the conquest of a stubbornly complex disease, the origins of which ar still unknown. Th National are still unknown. The National Cancer Act of 1971 required lhat a noverall strategy for an at- lack on cancer be developed. The Cancer Institute was [hen lo awarded funds from ils six- able budget -- now risen lo around $600 million in this fiscal- year--to service and research agencies. The development of a consensus on strategy within the scientific community was intended to overcome what had been considered a wastefully uncoordinated and fragmented attack on the disease in the . past. But some scientists remain \yary of rigid pro- graming in an assault on so difficult and mysterious a disease. The argument here often boils down to a debate between whether to favor funding of contracts to agencies, assigned to solve given problems that fit into the master plan--or whether to put more funds into grants and fellowships for the open-end pursuit of research by individuals or teams of scientists. Some feel the latter may ulti- malely be more productive, for it allows for the chance opening 5s of new leads that may not bo";... foreseen in drawing up a stra,-." : tegy based on prior knowledges The grant system has the added value of attracting bright young scientists eager to pursue pure:;;;: knowledge fo.r its own sake. Both grants and contracts are awarded; the question, in debate iÂ» ; concerns the balance between the two. LOOKING BACK over the 37 years since the National Cancer,,.. Institute w a s founded with a.,-.., modest budget of $400,000, the.;-7 war on cancer can be said tb n have achieved significant gains. Survival rates have definitely;-, improved for patients w i t'h '.Â·! cancer of the bladder, brain^V, breast, cervix, uterus, larypx.,; thyroid, prostate and for those with chronic and childhood lea- ; kemias, Hodgkins's disease,,,; 'melanoma and multiple' mye.^.. loma . One cancer victim iin"i, every three can now expect 'to" ' survivt at least five years, in contrast to a one-in-four survival rate only a quarter-century ago. "We have made more pro;, gress in cancer in the past IJ5 years than in all the prior history of medicine," the president of the University of Texas Sys-'. *; tem Cancer Center, Dr. R. Lee" Clark, said recently. But, in lha words of Dr. Frank J. Hauscher,.: Jr., director of the Naliosal Cancer Institute, "We are still exploring vast, uncharted areas of biology and medicine" and ."it will probably take years i to begin to achieve dramatic results." .,.,',,, Despite progress, the incidence of cancer and the death rate from this disease have been rising steadily. This is dua partly to the aging of the popu; lation and partly, it is believed; to an increase in the amount of cancer-slimnlaling elements in the environmenl. So far thera is no end in sight to this ominous rise. Â· ' Â· Arkansas Editors Comment On Education, Interest Rates And Expenses PINE BLUFF COMMERCIAL An advisory committee on education that* already has played a commendable parl in bringing public kindergartens and free textbooks to Arkansas is now turning its attention to the quality of teaching in the stale. Some of Ihe things the committee's finding are disturbing, and oughl lo be. For example: The State Education Department says that according to ils stalislics, "students in the basic subject matter areas are funcitioning at one or more grade levels below the national norm in over-all performance. However, in selected areas of the state, students are performing as much as three grade levels below the national norm." -- A recent Arkansas study indicates that half ot the teachers who completed a standard lest scored less than 60 per cent, and thai the range of scores varied from 92 down to six correct responses out of 95. -- Seventy-five per cent of English teachers in Arkansas lack courses now considered essential for teaching English. -- The Education Department adds that there is little motivation now for teachers to take any kind of in-service training. Few districts cither require it or offer rewards for it. The advisory committee clearly has challenge ahead of it, and so docs education in Arkansas. Happily, the state is coming to recognize its deficiencies itn education and -- as in Ihe case of kindergartens and frco lexlbook -- actually doing something about it. Raising the quality of teaching in the schools' four basic subjects -- English, mathematics, social studies and science -- will take more than money. It will require dedication, time and imagination. But recognizing Ihe problem is a slarl, and for thai alone the stale Education Department and t h e Advisory Council on Public and Elementary Schools are to be thanked. Another encouraging sign is the increasing regocnilion in the increasing recognition in subject mailer is more important in teaching than either the education t h a t knowing t h e teaching materials or the method of presenting the subject. That observation crept into Ihis discussion between the Education Department and the Advisory Council; let's hope it creeps into Schools of Education, too. The teacher who knows his or her stuff is still way ahead of a room full of visual aids or a Ph. D. in How to Teach A n y t h i n g Without Actually Knowing It. SOUTHWEST TIMES RECORD Two statements by public officials raise some doubt on the advisability of changing the stale Constitution to permit higher interest rates. The Constitution fixes maximum interest at 10 per cent. A petilion has been filed to lift this maximum on the novcmber general election ballot. If approved, the new rate would be open - enoHCi *o be s e t by the slate Legislature. Governor Bumpers spoke out against an open-ended system, indicating perhaps the law should not be changed. He later said he would reas ess his position if anyone showed him the 10 per cent ceiling was driving money out of Arkansas. Now comes a statement by Fred Cowan, director ol Arkansas Consumer Research, to the effect that banks in Arkansas never had it so good. Cowan said the s t a t e Bank Deparlmenl's a n n u a l reoorl shows total assets in state-chartered banks up 186 per cent in the past 10 years and this indicates, he said, "banks have been doing quite well." To our knowledge no one has taken up the governor's challenge to show lhat. money is teiiig driven from the state because of the 10 per cent maximum on interst. But of course, interest rales affect more than just banks. They affect savings and loan associations, merchants, and just plain people who borrow, money ot buy on time. All of which suggests that much more information on-Ihe pros and cons of lifting the interest celling should be gotten out to the public. ARKANSAS DEMOCRAT . With the state Senate under a cloud of public criticism for the way it first handled the Guy "Mult" Jones a f f a i r , it is refreshing io note that some of its members are still inleresled in obeying the law. That was the announced motivation last week of Sen. Olen Hendrix of Antoine, who repaid $2,400 to the state treasury, which represented expense money he drew during the 1973 General Assembly. Although Hendrix was not one of the four senators ordered by the Arkansas Supreme Court to repay the interim expenses, he admitted that he "could be," and added, "I wiint Lo obsy Ihe law." The expense controversary arose a f t e r t h e legislators passed a bill granting themselves the liberal expenses, which they drew in advance and bard- ly hnthe e.i to .= -- .. i -a prompled a lawsuit filed, by Roger C. Mears and Bob Scott, Democratic a n d Republican part chairmen for Pulnski County. It was the v i e w of Mears and Scott lhat the loosely handled expense accounts ac, tually amounted to a salaiy ,i'.supplement for the lawmakers ." arid thus was unconslitutional. 'i h * Sua'cmf Cour - ^ at least in part -- and ordered four Pulaski senators lo repay the funds. To date only one of them has. Sen. Joe F. Ray of Havana has turned back his $2,400, but Sens. Virgil T. Flet- cher of Benton, Ralph M. Pat terson of North Little Rock and Jerry D. Jewell of little Rock, have not. The recent special session of the General Assembly provided a method by which senators who have repaid their $2,400 can redraw it legally, but Senator Hendrix, who has been in the senate 15 years, has even declined to follow that easy out. "At this time, 1 have no intentions of redrawing the sum," Ihe senator said. There is still a possibility that the courts have not spoken the final word on the issue as Mears and Scotl have asked for a rehearing on I h e Supreme Court's decision. Meanwhile, we congratulate Senator Hendrix. 'And not just for paying back the money. He reversed himself on the Mult Jones mailer and voted for the expulsion of his old pal last week. Some say the customers of the bank he runs cTown in Prescott were putting the pressure on him. but no matter what the reason, he did the proper thing. And, after all, legislators are supposed to represent the whishes of the people who elect them. PINE BLUFF COMMERCIAL A state -enator from FayeUo- ville, Morriss Henry, is sending out news releases, jumping up and down and generally blowing the whistle on a state construction project that promises lo be one of the largest in Arkansas' history -- and one of the most quietly adopted. That combination is not assuring. Any project this size -- it would cost from 75 to 90 million dollars and maybe more -needs to be examined carefully rather than zoomed past the LÂ«jÂ»:slativp CouncM wilh scarcely any discussion. The Project had ils origin in Ihe creation of a state Public Building service during the aist regular session of the legislature. II seemed an attractive idea at the time, considering the amount'of money the state was putting out in rentals. Tiie price tag mentioned was only $15 million. Bui now the project has grown like Topsy, or even like the Pine Bluff Convention Center. The latest figure of $75 to $90 million isn't even Ihe ceiling. Wilh construction costs skyrocketing, it may just be the beginning. T h e r e are other questions about the project: Do Arkansans really want to turn over the open space surrounding the Capitol to rows of slab-like buildings that would diminish Iho Capitol's stalure? Would the huge project f u r - ther crowd a sile that is already jampacked when the legislature is in session? Is il prudent to centralize all these offices at the capilol with the resulting centralization of people and traffic, too? The questions range from. the eslhelic lo the economlc.BnoV Â·; they ought. not lo be passed over lightly. This is an infla- .j lionary period, but the leap..; from $15 million to $75 million .: plus is a bit much even in thesa,-. times. Â·'_- Senator Henry is to be com-~i mended for not just sitting there while this project mush--Â·Â· rooms. His questions about this project need to be considered-* carefully. 'Â·- PINE BLUFF COMMERCIAL ,' The new look on the Univer-". sily of Arkansas campus at;^ Pine Bouff isn't just construe- r " lion-deep. The school's vice _chancellor for academic affairs,'-; Johnny B. Johnson,, has an-'' 1 nounced five (count 'em, five) '* new programs for this fall: Â· ' ' --A new two-year course in engineering that is expected to be financed in part by industrial companies and private founda-- ' lions. * A new program in law en-' 'Â·' f o r c e m e n t a n d correction,-'.' which should fit right in w i t h " i Pine Bluff's location -near the";; state prison complex, Â· \ : ' --New courses in education for the handicapped in coopera-"Â» lion with the Jenkins Memorial' 1 '' Children's Center and the legis--'- lature's move to encourage spe- TM ' cial eduation in public schools." I* -- New majors in political-'science and psychology. UA-PB is changing in more"! ways than one, and giving stu-": dents who wish lo grow an" opportunity to change and deve- -'" lop, too.