Vice Presidency May Be last Chance For National Office Worlhwest Arkansas TIMES, Wed., Aug. 21, 1974 ft FAYETTEVILLE, ARKANSAS Rockefeller Changes Mind About Being Second In Command ALBANY, N.Y. (AP) -- "The vice president is standby equipment," Nelson A. Rockefeller used to say. "I don't think I'm cut out to be a No. 2 type of a guy." V Â· But that was when Rockefeller vyas a live candidate tor the presidency, back in 1964 and Now, the vice presidency offered him by President Ford is probably Rockefeller's last i chance for national office. Still, nobody who watched the an ideological liberal and is not now an ideological conservative. The central thread that ran through all his actions, multimillionaire's governor of New career, as York could instead, was bigness big deny that he does not appear to be "cut out to be a No. 2 type of a guy," and that mrght make his tenure in the vice presidency an interesting one. For 15 eventful years, Rock- efller dominated the state's politics and government like a titan. He obviously relished -the power he acquired and took a zestful pride in the things he accomplished with it. - Â·Â· And through it all he kept his eye on yet more power -- the job in the White House. When he resigned as governor last December,.he d i d ' s o under a carefully. : contrived plan to put himself in position for one final try at the White House in 1976. -.' :, He was (5 at the time -- he is . 66 now and would be 68 in 1976, older than any man ever elected President -- but he was as ambitious and vigorous as ever. LEAVE OFFICE He left the governorship and the difficult task of retaining it this November to Malcolm Wilson, his tireless and loyal lieutenant 'governor. Rockefeller went off to head the Commission on Critical Choices for Americans, which he set up and financed to study emerging world and national problems. The commission was to give him a platform for travel arid speaking engagements across the nation. From those, he hoped, he would emerge as the man most likely to lead a Republican party .demoralized by Â· Watergate to victors in 1376. ideas, big promises, big spending, big chance -- rather than any fixed concepts or approaches. IDENTIFICATION In the early years, he identified housing and water pollu- ^ion as big problems, and he spent huge amounts of money to try to deal with them. Later, he identified drug-related crime and the rising cost of welfare as big problems, and - h e proposed lifetime incarceration of heroin dealers and sweeping work requirements for welfare recipients. Rockefeller : entered - ' New York politics in 1956 as chairman of a commission that was considering 'revisions in the state constitution! And in 1958, when he seemed .eager ;to run against popular :- Democratic Gov. Averell Hafriman in what was deemed a bad-year fbr'Re- mblicans '. nationally, 'the state HOP leaders decided to give lim a chance.'- .. : Rockefeller, Â· one of the world's " richest men, surprisingly Â·turned but .to be an ebullient and even folksy campaigner, and he won'an upset victory. He won reflection in 1962, 1966 and 1970. ; Rockefeller considered his But got in p th residential e way. resignation greatest governor accomplishment the growth of. the When Richard Nixon gave up the White .House to' .Gerald Ford, ho made Ford the almost certain Republican nominee- for 1976. Should Ford choose, not. to run, his vice president would, be the likeliest candidate. In either case, the nation's No; 2 job ac: quired an attractiveness, 'for Rockefeller it had ..hot previously possessed. - , ' . - ' Much of the debate leading up to the selection of a : vice Â· president focused .on conservatives' allegations that ' Rockefeller is too liberal.'for a ' Republican administration, and ; on his defenders' assertions ' t h a t he had become more conservative in recent years. But if his record as governor is any indication, he was never State University of New York In 1958 the university consiste( of 41 campuses, mostly smal teachers' colleges, with 38,00 fulltime students. By 1973 i had become the nation's larges state university system -- 7 campuses and. almost 300,01) students. PRIDE IN RECORD He also took pride .in his envi ronmental record.'In 1966 Rock efeller pushed .through the na lion's first state bond issue t provide money to build sewag' treatment plants to- clean u the'state's rivers. In 1973, h won legislative approval of Â· sweeping plan to put sharp re strictions on future growth an development: in the Adiror dacks, the Wild,' mountainou territory occupying inost 6('th northeastern . handle of :'th state. '. 'Â·'Â·Â·- Rockefeller kept welfare ben efits' in !the state, at .among th Highest levels in 'the nation, added to the range of ancillary services . available Â·Â· and ' i n - stituted the Medlcaid program. .In 19G7. he created the first state agency.- in the nation to Corps Okayed WASHINGTON (AP) -- A Youth Conservation Corps to provide summer jobs for 50,000 girls and boys has been approved by the House. The $60 ; million program would allow summer workers to earn about $300 for two months work on state and federal lands. The corps has operated for three years on a test basis, and fed; eral officials reported t h a t .some 100.000 applications were filed each summer for about 3,000 available jobs, 'The House bill goes to the Senate. on when he took office and 8.8 billion when he left. Even ie $8.8 billion did not tell the hole story, since Rockefeller reated a succession of semi- utonomous agencies and au- lorities with power to raise nd spend money on their own. Virtually his first act as gov- rnor was to call for a 12 per ent increase in state taxes, nd taxes kept on growing. Evry state tax was , increased, nd .some new ones, including a ales tax, were added' during ie; ^Rockefeller.,,- years. New 'ork became one of the most eavily taxed states in the na- oh, In his later years as gover- orfRpckefeller seemed to turn fiF'Some,,.of his owrv' govern- lental bra'inchilds, He .decided lat' drufj-rehabilitatlpn efforts /ere. not Â·accomplishing enough nd called for 'mandatory lifeline imprisonment for all convicted heroin-sellers. He called o r ; ' a crackdown -on welfare heaters and signed a welfare esidency requirement he had artier vetoed. He signed legls- atlon restricting the Urban Development Corp's power to op- rale in the.suburbs. Perhaps symbolic of this eemingly conservative trend vas Rockefeller's behavior dur- ng the Attica Slate Prison rebellion in September'1971.'He "irst agreed to negotiate with the .inmates while they were still holding hostages -- some- ,hing no other governor, no matter how liberal, .'had ..ever before agreed to do..But then, frustrated by what he contended .was the inmates' refusi to 'come to terms, he.orderec an armed State Police assault, at a' cost of 39 lives, convicts and hostages 'alike. ;NOT CONSERVATIVE But friends and associates insisted that Rockefeller had not really turned "conservative. They said he simply liked to act in big and decisive ways to deal with whatever ' problems came to his attention, and that the problems that came to -his attention in .the later years re : quired conservative - appearing responses. Over his 15 years as.^governor, Rockefeller .came-to dominate the legislature and the state's political system as no modern governor had ever done. . He rammed the . most sweeping programs .;through a recalcitrant, .Republican-con- dent off-and-on throughout his entire tenure. Rockefeller began traveling around the country and testing the waters shortly after his inauguration in 1959, but decided that' then-Vice President Richard Nixon had the 1960 Republican nomination locked up, He endorsed Nixon after the vice president agreed, at a secret meeting in Rockefeller's Fifth Avenue apartment, to a set .of platform planks calling for increased ..defense'spending and strong-'-civil-rlghts laws. PRESIDENTIAL BID In 1964 Rockefeller made his strongest bid 'for the presidency, losing .out to U.S.' Sen. Barry Goldwater ,of Arizona in a clash that was climaxed when Goldwater supporters at the San Francisco c o-n v e n t i o n shouted down Rockefeller as he tried to speak in favor of a platform plank condemning political extremism. Â·In 1968 Rockefeller first gave his backing for the GOP nomination to .-then-Michigan Gov George Romney, but belatedly entered the race himself after Rbrhney faltered. Nixon won at he convention. Â· . ' In his presidential campaig; rhetoric over the years, the Iew York governor strongly at- ackcd President Kennedy for he moratorium on nuclear test- He criticized President Johnson in 1964 for not spend- ng enough on defense and not .rying hard enough to win the Vietnam war. 1 It was not until 1968 that Rockefeller showed any .doubts about the Vietnam war. In that campaign, he proposed a plan for gradual withdrawal that was drafted by his chief foreign .policy adviser, Henry Kissinger -a plan that Kissinger later transformed into Nixon's Viet- namization policy. Rockefeller's great wealth inherited from his oil-billionaire grandfather,. John D. Rockefeller, provided a key element in his political. success. He financed his- campaigns mostly out of his own and his family's funds, and did so in a lavish style unprecedented In the state's history. . WEALTH CITED In the opinion of some of his colleagues over the years, his wealth also formed the basis o the great self-confidence he has displayed . since young adult hood -- a self-confidence tha gave him the delcnninalioti ml slaying power that contrib- ited to his political rise. Rockefeller was born July 8, 908, the son of John D. Rockfeller Jr. and Abby Greene Aldrich Rockefeller, at the fam- ly summer home in Maine. He had what he later described as an uneventful boyhood in which he raised rabbits supplement his 25-cenl-a- veek allowance. He attended Dartmouth College, and upon graduation he married Mary Todhunter Clark, member of a socially promi nent Philadelphia family. His first job was a clerk at the Chase National Bank, t h e 'amily financial concern now nown as Chase Manhattan Next he became a sort of high- class real estate operator, leas ing space in the mammoth Rockefeller Center developmenl going up in New York City dur ing the Depression. Rockefeller engaged in other family businesses connected with its financial empire in South America, and in 194 1 President Franklin Rouseve! named him coordinator of in ter-American affairs in tin State Department. He had other government ous from time to time in- luding a stint in the first days if the Department of Health, Education .and .Welfare,, the'05- abllshment of which he recommended to President Dwlght D. Eisenhower. AMBITION COSIES LATE But an associate later described these as "dabbling." Ambition apparently did not come on him until relatively ate in life. It was not until he was almost 50 that he an nounced, in 1958, that he had decided that only in elective of 'ice could he "accomplish anything," and would run for governor. His personal and political lives were complicated in 1962 when lie divorced his first wife, by whom he had five children. In 1963 he married a divorcee, Mai'garetta Filler "Happy' Murphy. They have two sons Nelson Jr., 10, and Mark, 7. Rockefeller is known as a man of great charm, when he wunls to use it the kind o charm which leads him, while surrounded by admiring won^ei at some official reception, to spot the one lady in the room vho is standing by herself, and lull her into the group. But he is also known as a de- nanding and forceful man. His employes tell of post-midnigh'fc jhonc calls, of constant and, .ometimes harsh demands for [i formation, advice or work, ^egislators tell of almost vlo- enl arguments in the goverJ nor's office when Rockefeller: vanted a particular bill passed/ Beyond that, he displays :n a. concern and worry about tha country's f u t u r e that is at least is strong now as it was \vheÂ£ he first ran for public office. ' "So many of our social m- stitutions are put-of-slep, la'gj- ;ing badly behind change and ;he new realities," he said not long ago. :_,' "We see, at every level -:-Â· [rom the individual to our collective private, political, economic, national and international institutions -- a world in furious motion. "And we must ask: Arc thes6 institutions still coping with the. staggering problems in this new world? The answer, lo an alarming degree, is no. The rate of change is moving so rapidly that we risk being over'- whelmed by it." rehabilitate addicts. In 1968 he fathered the multlbil- lion-dollar Urban Development Corp., armed, with extraordinary pow'ers to .bypass'.local zoning laws and revitalize slum-ridden urftan areas. He signed the nation's first abortioh-on-demand statute, Perhaps most revealirrgly, he began something called the Empire State Plaza, which critics saw as the ultimate expression of his "bigness Â· fixation," and Rockefeller called the "most magnificent government center in America." A 96- acre, marble-covered sprawl of office towers, the plaza is to be the center of state offices for years to come, and at $1,5 billion it has been described as the most expensive single construction project in the history of the world. INCREASES BUDGET Through all of this, Rockefeller more than quadrupled the state budget -- it was $1.9 bil- trolled legislature seemed like ease with what partly because of his -persuasive powers, partly because of a hefty bit of party-line arm-twisting and partly because of a deft use of patronage. He also used patronage lo neutralize some Democrats, which helped divide the opposition. Â· "None of this made him too blisy, however, to run for presl- Bread Costs Up WASHINGTON (AP) -- Consumers paid more for bread in the second quarter despite a sharp drop in the cost of the wheat used to make it, the Agriculture Department reported. During April, May and June, the average, price of a one- pound loaf of white bread rose to 34.4 cents from 32.8 cents while the f a r m value of the wheat used for the loaf dropped to 4.5 cents from a record 6.4 cents in the first quarter, the department said. The report indicated that bakers and other middlemen have increased their share of the f i n a l sales price. Football In the TIMES 1 Annual FOOTBALL PREVIEW section coming Tuesday, Sept. 3 Northwest Arkansas' most complete word-and-picture coverage of 1974's football prospects, with special emphasis on area teams, the Razorbacks and their opponents In the Southwest Conference, Look for tt September 3rd in the ' J^ortfjtoest BANKAMEfllCARO Now! 3 Convenient Ways To Â·. . Â· We're introducing Master Charge and BankAmericard to our customers in the State of Arkansas for one big reason; Convenience! Yes, now you can say "Charge It" three ways. These two popular credit cards plus your Dillard's credit card will give you the trouble free shopping that we think you deserve. , At All DILLARD'S and DILLARD'S Pfeifer-BIass Stores in Arkansas / SAVE On School Girls' Knit Tops Size 4-6x. 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