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Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest Is The First Concern Of This Newspaper 6 Â· WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 21, 1974 U. S. Winks At Sanctions On Rhodesia Uphill At The 'Derby Arkansas is getting a pretty rough deal from the Soap Box Derby folks up in Akron Ohio, this late summer, if we are to believe the stories we read in the newspaper. Arkan- sias' entry in this year's AU-American Soap Box run has been disqualified for not knowing enough about his racer. At least that's the Akron account. Â·'Â· Back in Little Rock, the director oE state Soap Box Derby affairs says he'll sue. He says the Akron officials, embarrassed by the fact that last year's winner was later discovered to have had an illegal magnet mounted under the hood, apparently determined to make someone an example this year to ease last year's blemish. Dr. George Lay of Little Rock says the Arkansas champ, Jay Agee, 12, of North Little Rock, knows as much about his racer as most any 12- year-old with one that works well enough to get to Akron. Dr. Lay is indignant. We would be, too, if we felt that any of it really mattered. The Soap Box Derby has just about completed the rinse, extract cycle, to to speak, in our view, though. We regret the uncomfortable position young Agee finds jiimself in, but maybe he's better off out of it. Today's Derby, it seems to us, suffers credibility as a thing for kids, when it is maintained arid operated by adults for basically adult purposes (advertising and promotion). No one who has seen a collection of the complex, fiberglassed machines that make up a Derby field can really be under the illusion that the kids inside did the whole thing by themselves. Which is why, we. think, the affair is" making less and less of an impact as the years go by. We recall, dimly, when the genuine article was a local event. A number of business firms ---including this newspaper and Green Chevrolet -- sponsored races down Leverett Street (from about Douglas to Hughes Avenue). Back then, the Derby was as significant an annual affair as Miss America, the Rose Bowl and the American Legion Convention. Today, though, there is the question -of whether it still plays in Peoria. (It obviously doesn't in Fayetteville.) Time, as well as growing moral and technological sophistication, seem to have passed by original lessons of the Soap Box. We can't say the minibike is much of an improvement, but we can't honestly say we lament the fading fortunes of the Soap Box Derby's fundamental hypocrisy, either. What Others Say SLOW, DONT STOP '-Not surprisingly, there has been a good deal of screaming about locking the barn door now that the horse of the state Public Building Authority has been let out by the Legislative Council. Recently, the Council gave a green light to Ihe PBA to move ahead with its plans to construct a lavish complex of state offices. Hardly had the light flashed on, however, when several members of the General Assembly called for a halt. Some want a complete reversal, others just caution. It is probably too late for either. , In 1973, the legislature created the Public Building Authority and gave it power to issue bonds, which will be retired from rents paid by the various state agencies. The PBA went to work, hired architects and planners and has come up with a plan for new offices on the west Capitol Mall, as well as plans or remodeling some already there, along with plans for new buildings on propety owned by the state in western Little Rock. Price tag for the project, including interest and allied costs, may top $182 million. All of which has come as something of a shock to some lawmakers who are now asking for a-second look at the project because, they say, they didn't fully realize back in 1973 the full magnitude of the bank check they handed the PBA. They are suggesting that Governor Bumpers use the power of his office to convince the PBA to hold up on its plans until the next session of the General Assembly. That is the proposal of Sen. Morriss M. Henry of Fayetteville and others, But Rep. L. L. "Doc" Bryan of Russellville think it is too late. "If they've started we can't stop them." Bryan said. "We might keep them from building as large facility, but we can't stop what has already been authorized -roughly $14 million." So the project will no doubt From Our Files; How Time Flies 10 YEARS AGO . The city has backed down, at least temporarily after a brief attempt to widen Maple Street from Mission to Arkan- sSs Avnue. ^Financial experts from all parti of the state will be at 50 YEARS AGO . : -Bruce Holcpmb, manager of the Fayetteville Lumber and Cabinet Company is confined to his home today and is painfully, though not seriously injured as tfie result of an accident last night. -She Stale Veterans Bureau at (ittle Rock will be taken out of. politics and placed in the hands of ths American Legion 1:00 YEARS AGO The prisoners confined in our county jail lit out last Tuesday night rather unceremoniously. Only two prisoners Hudson "the crazy man" and Murry, who was committed last week for stealing tools. Nobody is surprised at prisoners escaping from our jail, when there is nothing to prevent persons from the University Monday through Thursday to take part in the 21st Arkansas Bankers Seminar. The city is considering going lo Beaver Reservoir for treated water. if a resolution adopted this morning by the State Convention in three-day session here is followed by the State Legislature. Work for the Legion Auxiliary for the coming year was mapped out today by Ruth McCurry Brown, who is the youngest national committeewoman in the United States. handing in tools through the window. Our jolly old friend, Thompson E. Mason, from the house of Tenent, Walker Co., wholesale dealers in Boots and Shoes, St. Louis is in the city, taking orders for goods. We are indebted to the Washington county delegates in the convention for valuable favors. They'll Do it Every Time FRUMPINA Â· NEVER HAS A600PW08P FORAWyeOPV. MOVV'SHE'S KNOCKING A ewes.' A few MORI WARS ANP \\(A move forward, perhaps at a slower pace, but forward nevertheless. But still there are questions to be asked --- and hopefully answered. Why, for example, did the size of the project catch some of the legislators by surprise? Did they merely sleep through the original presentation, or if not, why didn't they raise objections at t h a t lime? An early call for caution might have slowed down the stampede for new buildings and turned .the PBA instead toward b u y i n g available office buildings adjacent to the Capitol, and the result might have saved the taxpayers some money. But coming at this late hour, when much o the initial work on the new complex is completed, objections and delay will likely only.add to the final cost. And there is one other question: Who in state government is asking why there is n e e d .for more and more state em- ployes? The number of workers is far outpacing population growth. It is projected the state payroll will jump almost 50 per cent by 1985, which should mean a corresponding general population increase of one million people -- hardly a possibility. What has happened to make all of this extra government necessary? Who is doing anything to challenge these projections and who is asking that.. all of these nÂ»w jobs be justified? Apparenty. no one. Perhaps this would be the spot where Senator Henry and others could lake up the battle. If they prove that many jobs are unnecessary it would follow that the office building would likewise be a luxury. It is the very nature of governments to grow in direct proportion' to the apathy of the people. And that is what has been happening in Arkansas where over the past half dozen years the public has been lulled into a false sense of prosperity, while state government, fed by new taxes and fat handouts from Washington, has grown in all directions like ragweed, Â· While we see l i t t l e to be gained In slowing down the PBA at this point, much good can accrue in the future if the General Assembly applies the b r a k e s to unchecked state government growth that is just growth for the sake of growth. There is no inherent virtue in bigness and no guarantee that the people will be served better by having added batalions on the payroll. The only excuse for any government is to serve the people, but when costs get completely out of hand, the people often find out they can do without the services very well. --Arkansas Democrat Bible Verse "For if the sprinkling of defiled persons with the blood of goals and bulls and with the ashes of a heifer sancilifies for the purification of the flesh, how much more shall Ihe blood of Christ, who Ihrough the eternal Spirit offered himself with- blemish to God.purifyyour out blemish to God, purify your conscience from dead works to serve the living God." Hebrews 9:13, 14 Though we may not fully un- dersland it, let us never underestimate the power of His blood. This it took to bridge the gulf from earth to Heaven, and from the heart of God to the heart of man. "Ye are bought with a price by the precious blood of Christ." "--And there they preached the gospel." Acts 14:7 The preaching of the gospel js always in order and is always ordered by the Lord. Forget pleasing the people, on with the preaching of the word. By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON -- Day in and day out. the U.S. government is defying the United States and American firms to do business with the white minority regime of Southern Rhodesia. Scores of travel agents, for example, are given permits for tour groups to Victoria Falls. A m e r i c a n franchisers a r e . allowed to -operate in Southern Â· Rhodesia. Until a few weeks ago, U.S. airlines worked hand- in - glove with Rhodesia's government airline. Vet, according to the law, all *uch activities are illegal. In May, 1968, t h e United Nations took the unprecedented step of declaring mandatory economic sanctions against Rhodesia. President Lyndon Johnson quickly issued an executive order backing up the UN. He banned any Americans from giving "funds or other financial or economic" support to Rhodesia. Despite these explicit orders, ' however, the Treasury Department has winked at travel. agents and others for years. A Treasury spokesman said since travel cannot be banned, the travel agents are free to carry on their business. At the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), the co- ' operation b e t w e e n U.S. airlines with Air Rhodesia has also been permitted. Only in the last few months has the FAA investigated and given out a few warnings. The most persistent efforts to get the United States to conform to internatiinal and U.S., The Washington Merry-Go-Round law have been made by the Center tor Social Action of the United Church of Christ.'There, the Rev. Don Morion has sent written notices to more than a thousand travel agents to remind them they are breaking the law. Some of the travel agents have taken a disdainful view of Morton's missionary work, however. David Grover, president of Percival Tours of Los Angeles, said people like the Â· preacher were "children in a man's world. Even such industrial giants as the Ford Motor Company (FMC), have flouted the law. Two years ago, FMC arranged 'two "incentive" 'tours to Rhodesia for its dealers. The dealers, moreover, tried to violate another section of 'the 1 law by bringing in the trophies they had bagged. 'The trophies; however, were held up by U.S. Customs. '. American franchisers, too, operate, openly in Rhodesia, though the Treasury Department holds they are not covered by the law. For instance, a ..Holiday Inn in . Bulawayp was opened last December, with the grandaddy of all Khodesian racists, ' Prime Minister Ian ' Smith,, personally cutting the' ribbon. Â· Â· . ' . . ' . . ' . ' . . - . The fashionable inn's man- Â· ager was trained in Memphis, Tenn., and Holiday Inn inspectors' from the United S.t a t e s regularly visit the inn to make sure it's up to American stand- ards. Footnote: The House of Representatives Â· will vote this week on whether to continue the importation of Rhodesian chrome to the United Stales. At present, it is brought In . under a special exemption. PHARMACEUTICAL FKSTS: Pfizer, the- pharmaceutical giant, used to offer'deep freezes and other expensive items to doctors to encourage them to prescribe Pfizer drugs. Now, it's back to free food and booze. But the new twist on Pfizer's "After Hours" program is that Pfizer's 700 salesmen get "points'.' and big bonuses for raping doctors into meals. They get extra points if they show /films to the doctors, manage to finagle Pfizer displays into hospitals, or entertain a "federal account." Top Pfizer "hosts" were Â· offered as much as $600 for winning their district and regional: contests in a recently concluded Vibramycin promo- -'tioh. And the d i s t r i c t manager who goaded his salesmen-hosts into the most points got a $400 prize. .The losers in these .contests, of course,' are the elderly and the poor .who must pay more for prescription drugs. It is they . and the ordinary citizen -vhp must pick up the tab for "Vi- 'bramyein After Hours." At Pfizer, a spokesman denied my reporter C h r i s . Torein that the contest was "It's A Nice Place To Visit, But I Wouldn't Want To Live There" Of uj Where The Immunity Buck Should Stop By CLAYTON FRITCHEY WASHINGTON -- Washington's a n s w e r to the controversial question of whether Richard Nixon should somehow be saved from criminal prosecution is to "leave it to Leon." Congress, the attorney general and the White House and others all seem eager lo pass the buck to special prosecutor Leon Jaworski. But that's not where the buck should stop -- or is likely to stop. If the buck is going to be dropped in Jaworski's lap, he should, and doubtless will, pass it on to the federal grand jury that has been investigating Watergate for so long and so effectively. Those who have been saying it is up lo Jaworski personally to make the final decision seem to overlook that he is the servant, not the master, of the jury he has worked with since last year. In the final analysis then, it rpsts with the Nixon's fate if it is going to be decided on a strictly legal basis. To his credit, Jaworski has so f a r kept a discreet silence" on the matter. But there is reason to believe that he himself and that he has no intention of making any arbitrary deci sions on Nixon's case idepend ent of the panel which earlier named the former President an unindicted co-conspirator when it charged a half a dozen of his associates with conspiring to cover up Watergate. The special prosecutor's role is not to act independently of the jury or to dictate to it, but to give it expert legal guidance, to it all the evidence accumu- to it all the evidence accumu lated by his staff of investigators. That is what he has been doing for months, and the results have been a triumph of criminal justice. IT IS HARD lo recall a grand jury with a better record of public service. It has served conscientiously since 1972. It has been impeccably discreet! not a single 1 e a H from any member of the panel. It has acted so fairly and judiciously that, in all the cases so far settled, every defendant has either pleaded guilty or been found 'guilty. So, legally at least, Nixon has every right to assume he will get all the justice he is entitled to when the grand jury meets, as it surely will in the near future, to reconsider the evidence against the former President and to weigh the additional evidence recently disclosed. Even so, this, prospect must he unsettling for N i x o n , considering that the jury would have indicted him outright last spring had he not then occupied the White House. It fell hack o n t h e co-conspirator c h a r g e only when advised by the special prosecutor that it was doubtfud that an incumbent President could be prosecuted. Now, of course, Nixon has forfeited lhat protection. If he hopes'to escape punishment on humane or political grounds, he will have to look beyond the special prosecutor and the grand jury, for their syrit runs only to criminal justice. Only one individual, Presl dent Ford, h a s the constitutional authority to grant blanket immunity at his own discreion, but he seems cool to that idea. Jaworski has no mandate to usurp the President's role, and there is no sign that he intends to. He does have certain powers of arranging for a degree of immunity but usually, as in some of the other Watergate cases, only in return f o r cooperation and evidence -that substantially advances the Investigation. So far, however, Nixon has shown no interest in the kind of plea bargaining that has earned other Watergate figures light or suspended sentences. THE POWER OF grand juries was vividly demonstrated only a week or two ago when a' Nevada federal grand jury made the Department of Justice back clown in a stock-manipulation case involving Howard solely designed to sell Vibramy- cin. Its purpose was chiefly "informational," he said. Footnote: Many doctors steer away from Vibramycin and other trade-name drugs precisely because they are priced far higher than non-brand name equivalents and substitutes. Instead of Vibramycin, for instance, many doctors prefer inexpensive tetracycline. ALASKAN HAYR1DE: The Interior Department, while publicly patting itself on the back for its efficient help to Indians, has dragged its feet for two and a half years on a study of federal aid to Alaskan Â· natives. The study was supposed to begin in December, 1971, but Interior passed it back and forth like a hot peace pipe. At one time it landed in the hands of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, which, incredibly, was one of the very agencies being studied. Finally, Interior officials conceded they could not meet the December, 1974, deadline. Quietly, they have farmed the study out in vastly shortened form to a private firm at a cost to .the taxpayers of $531,000. So frustrated by the bobtailed nature of the new study was the Health, Education and Welfare Department that it has. now pulled its 5148,000 contribution from the project. .--United Feature Syndicate Hughes and several of his associates. The jury publicly balked when Justice officials in Washington sought the indictment of the associates but wanted to exclude Hughes himself. The department quickly gave in and permitted the indictment of Hughes. That is what Jaworski might run into if he tried to. drop all charges against Nixon without consulting the grand jury or presenting to it the new evi- . dence he was recently acquired. The special prosecutor could, of course, refuse to sign an indict ment that he felt was unjusti 'fied but on the basis of past performance it is highly improbable that this j u r y and Jaworski could ever be at such loggerheads. In the Watergate cases they have handled up to this time, Jaowrski and the grand jury have rightly applied to all the same standards of criminal justice. T h e y cannot treat N i x o n . differently without raising serious questions about their impartiality. Perhaps they should also heed what Nixon himself said at the beginning of the Watergate investigation: "No individual . . . holding a position of power in t h e Administration should be given immunity from prosecution." One reason President Ford Â·shrinks from pardoning Nixon is that he undoubtedly wonders how he can dp that .without also pardoning all the lesser Watergate figures who are in prison, or face prison, for carrying out what Ihey thought was their leader's wishes. And after that would Mr. Ford be obliged to pardon every other public malefactor who 'gets caught? If, finally, Nixon-, is indicted, tried and convicted, he can, like some of his guilty associates, seek clemency from the trial judge. That is the proper time and place for it. It is a fair conclusion Â· that, with general approval, he would then be treated leniently. (0) 1974, Los Angeles Times 'Menials' Deserve A Raise WASHINGTON (ERR) -Many Americans pay only lip service to the notion t hatall service lo Ihe notion that all work, -be it ever so humble, is of equal dignity. In practice there-is an instinctive tendency to look down on those who push brooms, scrub floors, or collect wastes for a living. These and other "jobs of last resort" traditionally have been among the lowest-paying available. Attitudes toward menial work may now be changing, however. The realization is growing that such jobs are truly essential and that those who perform ' them should earn a decent wage and be treated with respect. .-. ', Where this approach is taken, the results often are dramatic. In San Francisco, for instance, thousands of people have. applied to join the city's street- sweeping force. The reason is that stree-sweepers now e a r n $12,000 a year and will get a $5,00p-a-year raise in 'June 1975. A provision of- the city charter -ties the isweepers' salaries to those earned by industrial and construction workers in the Bay Area. Much the same situation prevails in New York City. Sanitation workers' pay there- approximates that of firemen and policemen and all three groups are covered by a generous pension plan. As a result, few New York sanitationmen ever quit, and there is a waiting list of thousands of job applicants. MENIAL WORKERS play a large and increasing role in the nation's economy. "Declines in some menial jobs, most notably maids and housekeepers, have been more than offset by increases in other occupations," Edmund Faltermayer wrote in Fortune. "T h e 1970 census showed 1,250,000 Â·'janitors' at work in the U.S., up from 750,000 a decade earlier. In the same period- the ranks of unskilled hospital workers, i.e., 'nursing aides, orderlies and attendants,' rose by nearly 80 per cent to 720,000,. and the number of 'garbage collectors' doubled. And the trend seems likely to continue." Another trend is to dignify menial work by inventing new job descriptions and titles. Thus, maids become .domestic workers, copy boys become news , aides, janitors become building service aides, and so on. The cosmetic changes mean little, however, unless accompanied by more generous pay and-or opportunities for advancement. In this connection, American Airlines' treatment of its low-status, employes is instructive. At New York's LaGuardia Airport, (he 185 workers who clean the airline's planes are called "cabin service clerks." They earn from $4J7 to $5.14 an hour, and many have moved on to more prestigious positions within the .company. "EVEN NOW, THE attiiudes of many menial workers to their jobs is not as negative as might be supposed. In an interview with author Studs Terkel, a man who works in a rendering and glue factory told of being twitted by hii friends about the nature of his work. He silences them by reminding them of the many consumer products h i s plant produces directly and indirectly. A garbage truck river interviewed by Terkel also took pride in his work. "My kids would just love to see me do something else," he said. "I tell 'em, 'Honey, this is a good job. There's nothing to be ashamed of. We're rot stearin' the money. You have everything you need. 1 " To be sure, the driver's views are not universally shared by those in his line of work. But better pay and courteous treatment can do wonders for self-esteem. A n d they can make better workers.