Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on August 17, 1974 · Page 16
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August 17, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 16

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Saturday, August 17, 1974
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fEtme? Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest Is The First Concern Of This Newspaper 4 · SATURDAY, AUGUST 17, 1974 NWA Makes Its Contribution The Institute of Politics in Arkansas (IOPA) has recently completed a survey of itemized campaign contributions for major primary campaigns in Arkansas. The bulk of the report is a long list of statistics devoted in the main to the Senate face between Sen. Bill Fulbright-and Gov. Dale Bumpers. The survey confirms what has already been well publicized --· the governor won handily with a smaller war chest collected in larger measure from in-state sources. Additionally, the report is broken down by counties, and it is noteworthy that Washington County ranks as one of the big three counties in the state in terms of political donations. Pulaski (Little Rock) ranks first, with contributions of almost $111,000. Then Sebastian (Fort Smith), with $37,900, and Washington, wih $36,500^ are neck and neck for second. The No. 4 county, Union (El Dorado), is a long way back at $23,000. Conceding that Washington County chipped in heavily for its favorite son, Sen. Fulbright (second to Pulaski), it is noteworthy that this county also ranks llth in contributions to Mr. Bumpers, which indicates that not only is Northwest Arkansas interested personally in some of the state's politicians, but more and more is becoming seriously interested in exercising its influence in state politics. It is a piece of leverage that must not go unused. The Prez And The Press One of the most encouraging signals from President Gerald Ford is in his recently stated belief in the "absolute necessity of a free press." Coming as it did in his maiden address to the Congress, the comment contrasts starkly with the Nixon administration's fundamental belief that the press amounted to an enemy of the republic. It is not difficult to recall the attacks on the media by former Vice President Spiro Agnew, which set the tone for the press relations of the Nixon presidency'. The change is marked, and not entirely a predictable one. Ford has always been an open person, calling spades spades and Democrats even worse than that. It is to be remembered, though, that Mr. Ford was at one time all for impeaching Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Earl Warren for such liberal ideologies as the following observation relative to secrecy in government: "It would be difficult to name a more efficient ally of corruption than secrecy. Corruption is never flaunted to the world. In government it is invariably practiced through secrecy -- secrecy found in every level of government from city halls to the White House and Capitol. If anything is to be learned from our present difficulties ... it is that we must open our public affairs to public scrutiny on every level of government." Apparently the new 'president agrees more with the Warren view than he did at one time.,In any event, he promises an open government and it seems safe to say that his press conferences--which we presume will 1)e televised as has become the custom -will be more fun than they've been for all concerned for a long, long time. \From Our Files; How Time Fliesl 10 YEARS AGO Residents along Sixth Street In Fayetteville have protested what they term excessively heavy truck traffic through their neighborhood. A petition containing 50 signatures has been shown to city officials. A record-breaking crop ot freshmen students will descend on the University of Arkansas next month better than any of their predecessors. The reason so VEARS AGO AUG. 17, 50 YEARS AGO Two thousand, five hundred American Legionnaires and 200 members of the Legion Auxiliary are expected to register for the sixth annual state convention to open here Monday. Other visitors attending the Legion Convention are expected . to bring 5,000 strangers h e r e for Legion Week. Big ice-cakes with centers of either delicious-looking fruits or roses were exhibited in front 100 YEARS AGO It has been suggested by many of our friends that a Workingmen's Convention be held at Viney Grove, aoout Saturday, Sept. 5th, for the purpose of nominating candidates for county offices. What say ths workingmen of Washington County. Upon the adjournment of the Constitutional Convention, a ·convention will he held at Little is a new orientation program; 1,200 will have participated when the sessions close Tuesday. A slow steady rain of up to two inches drizzled across Northwest Arkansas last night. Lightning struck the home of James Allred on Hwy. 112 last night; but caused little apparent damage. of the Red Cross and Ownbey Drug Store and Campbell Bell Dry Goods Company this morning by Crystal Ice Company. Funeral services were held yesterday afternoon for the late George Reed of Washington, D.C. Mr. Reed was a member of one of Washington County's oldest and most prominent families and was in the legal department of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Rock for the purpose of nominating democratic candidates for the several, state offices under the new state Constitution. The democracy of Washington County will therefore assemble in their respective townships on the 20th inst. and appoint one delegate for each fifty votes to meet at the Court . house on the 22nd inst, to appoint delegates to the'state convention. Billy Graham This Is My Answer What can be done about a religious hore or boor, who is wrecking our weekly Bible study and prayer group? What was a helpful discussion group has turned into a monologue by this older woman. Many have 'been alienated by this autocrat of the Bible table. E. G. The Bible puts no premium on disorganization or lack of control . If anything, Christ demanded systematic order in His ministry--such as in the handling of the crowd in the feeding of ten 5,000 ( L u k e 9:14). Or when He cut short two enthusiastic parents (Luke 8:56) for reasons' of expeditious timing. Tell the Leader of that group, if you are not, that it is her responsibility to maintain control. She is not functioning properly if the a i m s of .the group are being frustrated or if interference is tolerated. It can all be handled in Christian love. The problem is not so much 'that Christian participants are getting limited Bible study, Much more important is your evaluation that "Many have been alienated." This reflects poorly on the work of Christ. The Bible tells us that we are to work with each other -- sharpening each other up so that the good and the positive is accentuated, and the negative eliminated. I hop you'll write me soon of progress in this matter- No. 2 Man No Trifling Decision WASHINGTON (ERR) Events of the past year have shown, again and again, that selection ot a Vice President is a decision not to be taken lightly. In that period one Vice President resigned in disgrace and another succeeded to the presidency. Now President Ford must choose yet another Vice President. "We're going to do it as quickly as we can, in a thorough and responsible way,' ! he said. Ford has all the time hd needs lo raake a thorough, search and responsible choice. Usually, though, new Vies Presidents are chosen in haste at national political conventions. Sen. George McGovern'a selection of Sen. Thomas Eagleton as his original running-maje in 1972 amply demonstrated the perils ot this approach. 'I Don't Qulite Know How To Say This, But There's A President In Our Future" ..THE KRAMERS of the Constitution viewed the Vice President as truly the second citizen of the land, and the first two men to hold the office -- John Adams and Thomas Jefferson -- were towering figures. At that time .each member of the Electoral College cast two votes for President, and the candidate receiving the second highest number became Vice President. The original concept of the vice presidency was materially changed by ratification of tha 12lh Amendment in 1804. T h e amendment, providing that electors would vote separately for President and Vice President, resulted from a tie between Jefferson and Aaron Burr in the presidential election of 1800. After casting 3S ballots, the House of Representatives declared Jefferson the winner. An unexpected consequence of the 12th Amendment- was. that the vice presidency went into an immediate decline. The changed attitude toward the office was typified by .the choice of 69-year-old George Clinton to be Vice President in- Jefferson's second term. Clinton let it be known that he wished to be forewarned by senators whenever they intended makirtg long speeches so "that he might take the opportunity to warn himself at the fire." As the century progressed, the vice presidency declined still further. Party leaders increasingly used the vice persi-, dential nominatin to help balance the ticket, with the result that nonentities were chosen more'often than not. The nadir may have been reached when the Democrats in 1904 nominated Henry Gassaway Davis, 81, as the running-mate of Alton B. Parker. The financially hard- pressed Democrats hoped that Davis, a wealthy industrialist, would make a large contribution to the party's campaign chest. He didn't. ..OVER THE PAST 20 years, the prestige of the vice presidency has noticeably increased. Richard M. Nixon drew attention to the office through his v i g o r o u s campaigning f o r Republican candidates and his foreign travels on behalf of President Eisenhower. Lyndon Johnson p e r f o r m e d similar functions as John Kennedy's Vice President, and so did Hubert- Humphrey alter Johnson succeeded Kennedy. Before his disgrace and resignation, Spiro T. Agnew won a devoted following among conservatives for his attacks on the news media and, radicals. When all is said and done, however, the Vice President is a creature of the President. "He has exactly as much prestige, power and patronage^ as the President will divert to htm," political scientist J. P. Menez said. ". . .The President largely decides whether the vice presidency will be a shelf or a stepping-stone." No one is better aware t h a n Gerald Ford that the vice presidency can he a stepping-stone to greater things. Thus, his choice to fill the second highest office in the land no doubt will be a well considered one. HMOs Gaining In Popularity By MARY COSTELLO (Editorial Research Reports) WASHINGTON -- Americans now spend close to $100 billion a year on medical care. This enormous - and increasing expenditure has led to widespread complaints that the public is not getting its money's worth and that the U.S. health care , system is in drastic need of overhaul. Much of this criticism focuses on the health insurance industry. Nine of every 10 Americans are protected by one or more forms of private helath insurance.. However, it is estimated that this insurance covers less than one-third of the total national health bill. Many persons, in their search for an alternative to increasingly costly and .fragmented medical care, have focused their attention on health maintenance organizations.. HMOs, as they are calledi typically provide comprehensive care for enrolled members on a prepaid basis. For a fixed sum paid at regular intervals, ·' the enrollee is entitled to any or all of the benefits offered without having to pay anything extra out of his own pocket. While figures vary,.the Health Insurance Association estimates that about six, million Ameri-, cans belong to 160 health maintenance organizations. The best k n o w n of these group programs are the Kaiser-Permanente plan, with more than 2.6 million members in California, Oregon, Hawaii, Colorado and Ohio; the Health Insurance Plan in New York, with more than 750,000; the G r o u p Health Cooperative of Puget Sound in Seattle, with 180,000 members; the Group Health Association of Washington, D.C., with 97,000; and the Labor Health Center in St. Louis, with 40,000. HMOs HAVE MANY champions as well as detractors. Advocates argue that prepaid group plans offer members 24- hour-a-day, seven day-a-weok emergency, service. HMOs' also provide completely coordinated health care. A patient's medical records, are kept in one central file and are readily available to his personal physician and any specialist he may need. Prepayment eliminates the worry that a family's savings will be wiped out by serious illness. And the emphasis on preventive care helps reduce the biggest medical expense! hospitalization costs. Detractors frequently ques- · tipn the'quality of care that HMO members receive. The American Medical Association, which once viewed HMOs as a step toward socialized medicine, now warns about the dan- ers of "overpromise, potential for undertreating patients, consumer dissatisfaction and shortages of experienced management personal." Some critics, including a number of persons enrolled in prepaid plans, have complained that the care tended to be impersonal and that patients often had to wait several months for a medical appointment. However, Dr. G o r d o n K. MacLeod and Jeffrey A. Prussin, co-authors of an article in the March 1973 issue of The New. England Journal of Medicine, pointed out that "the comparative studies that have been . made strongly indicate that prepaid group practice plans help contain inflation in medical costs, lower the total cpst of medical and health' care services to the individual enrollee and clearly reduce unnecessary hospitalization and elective sur- 'gery without sacrificing the quality of care." TO DATE, FEDERAL assist- ance for HMO development has been limited. Last year Congress approved the Health Maintenance Organization Act authorizing $375 million in fiscal years 1974-78 for the development of both non-profit and profit-making groups. The law set forth a number 1 of requir?- ments, including an extensive list of basic and supplemental services, that must be met for an HMO to qualify for federal money. The full scope of services would be so costly, it is argued, that federally aided HMOs would be at a competitive disadvantage with other prepaid plans and,with fee-for- scrvice.arrangements. : : A spokesman for the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare's Health Maintenance Organization Service predicted that the government would probably find after two or : three years that it was funding an unmarketable product and be forced to seek new legislation to remove some of the requirements -- unless in the meantime Congress approves a comprehensive national health insurance law that takes 'the HMO problem into account. But widespread disagreement - over the many bills now before Congress make it unlikely that any NHI legislation will be enacted in the near future. Until a comprehensive health care law is approved with specific incentives for health maintenance organizations, their development is likely to depend primarily on private businesses. Blue Cross is now participating in at least 42 HMOs and plans to he involved in 280 by the end of the decade. Over 50 other insurance companies haye some degree of involvement in prepaid groups and a number of corporations are exploring the possibility of starting their own programs. Arkansas Editors Comment On. Politics... Politics...And Politics W A S H I N G T O N COUNTY OBSERVER There is an old saw that ''politics make strange bedfellows" and perhaps 1973 more than any recent year has proven that point. There is also a truism that there are days when it just doesn't pay to get. out of bed -- and this is also applicable to the political variety. Arkansas' own Rep. Wilbur Mills has proven both points and perhaps made a new o n e or two. It all started back early in Watergate when it was revealed that the Committee to Re- Elect the President had received funds from the Associated Milk Producers, Inc. The Nixon campaign received at least $437,000 in recorded contributions from the giant dairy coops. However, this was only one less than one per cent of the total $60 million raised for the Nixon campaign. But cries went up, "Crucify him!" The House Judiciary Committee considering impeachment of the President had considerable comment on the "milk fund" in powerful Ways and Means Committee and vice-chairman of the joint committee looking into the President's lax returns, had much to say about impeachment, and suggested on a TV program that the President resign. Thei. the ship hit the sand, or the buttermilk hit the f a n , or at any. rate someone spilled the milk. Investigators caught 19 of the 21 Democrats on the House Judiciary Commitee with their milk stools down. They had received funds from the same sources as had the president they were considering for impeachment. Then Wilbur became quiet. The word was out. The three dairy bigs had contributed $54,100 of the total $231,027 recorded funds for his brief 1972 presidential campaign. This amounted to 23.5 per cent of the total contribution as compared to Nixon's less than one percent. The gifts to the Mills campaign started from Associated Milk Producers then $12,500 from Dairymen, Inc. and $16,000 from Mid- America Dairymen. All three appear to be legal in that they came through political trusts run by the co-ops, although they came from the corporate treasury. Then other goodies came to light. Rep. Mills .confirmed that in 1971 he talked to administrations officials and set up an important meeting on behalf of the dairymen seeking an increase in federal m i l k price supports. January 8, the WhilR House cited actions by Mills and other Democrats as it defended the President against charges that he granted the price increase as a political payoff for campaign contributions. T h e accounting of the Mills money does not include anything raised and spent he- fore April 7, 1972 when the present campaign finance law went into effect. The Arkansas lawmaker has declined to make public his pre-April 7 finances. So it was that the pot was calling the kettle black when all the time they were both white--with spilled milk. There can he no difference. If it is wrong for the President --and it is-- to receive corporate gifts then it is equally wrong for cong r e s s i o n a l candidales a n d would-be presidents. An analysis once made by Oscar Ameringer is appropriate: "Politics is the gentle art of getting votes from the poor and campaign funds from the rich, by promising to protect each from the other." SEARCY DAILY CITIZEN Back when it appered that Arkansas might be able to have. a presidential primary, we joined with a lot of others in support of moving the primaries back to early in the year. They were moved back but we didn't get the presidential primaries and were left with about tho worat possible timing for campaigning. During the two months from the filing deadline to the balloting, there occurs Good Friday, Easter, Mother's Day and Memorial Day . . .weekends when drawing campaign crowds is clearly possible. Add to this fact that during the last four weeks of the period, Ihcrc are numerous high school 'graduations, w h i c h effectively kills Friday night campaigning. For farmers, it's planting time and they don't want to spend any time listening to candidates. Then there's the money situation. All young people a r e in school. This means few, if any, volunteers for campaign efforts and increases t h e cost of operating headquarters. Since the campaigns only last two months, there is little possibility ' of hiring competent help because most of those who want to work want steady jobs. The first half of the campaign hits at federal income tax deadlines and this virlually slops contributors from giving to campaigns, leaving t h e financing even more in the ha hands of big money interests trying to buy favors. We have created a real mon- sler that, unless changed .will inevitably lead to more expensive campaigns and hence, more reliance on pressure groups and big money interest...exactly the things that most of us want stopped... One of the problems of present-day state government in Arkansas c.omes from the fact that the governor and the Legislature have raised taxes so drastically the state treasury has more money than it needs. The inevitable decision In cases of this kind seems lo be, "Let's spend it now, quickly, even if we have to find projects that aren't r e a l l y needed." So it seems to be in this tremendous and costly new building pro-' gram for the Capitol complex. ARKANSAS GAZETTE Tho mayor-council form of government has survived in North LitUc Rock, but barely. Indeed there were less lhan 400 votes in the margin by which Norlhside voters Tuesday re- jected a proposal lo switch to the city administrator form. There is a lesson h e r e for the North Little Rock community, its municipal officials ajd its civic leaders. The next elected mayor is going to have to do a lot better than his two immediate predecessors, and so is the city council, if the mayor- council form of government is to continue. The close election may be interpreted as a decision by the voters to give the existing system one more chance. Certainly the voters had genuine doubts about the city administrator form, which has its own drawbacks, but there is ho question about the wide discontent with a city government that has been generating continuous scandal. The road to reform is not go- Ing to be easy. First the voters are going to have to make a good choice in the city election in September. Fortunately the acting mayor, Eddie Powell, reluctantly agreed to become a candidate for mayor and is generally held in high-regard in the community. His candidacy 'suggests promise for better standards all around. Whoever is elected mayor, he can draw a salary of only $5000, and no relief is in sight because the salary limitation is in the slate Constittion. In the circumstances the mayor must either have independent means or his attention to the city 'affairs must be part-time, even while ho remains responsible for what happens in the city administration. It follows, In our view that the mayor must employ an administrative assistant of high executive caliber and arrange to pay him a salary commensurate with the responsibility. There are no constitutional barriers to adequately compensating non-constitulionl officials. beauty for their convention site. HOT SPRINGS NEW ERA We laud the Arkansas Education Association for their wise decision to move their annual convention to Hot Springs from the downtown canyons of Little Rock. Evidently, the A.E.A. leaders had this foresight to see what the spa city has to offer: scenic beauty) interesting night spots and a number of first rate attractions, all within walking distance. When they announced last week that they would be holding their, annual convention in the resort city due primarily to conflicting dales wilh the Miss Teenage America Pageant, Chamber of Commerce and Convention Bureau officials were over-joyed. No doubt the city's red carpet will be spread to welcome our guests. We believe the decision lo come to Hot Springs in November will be 'the forerunner to future conventions here by the A.E.A. . The estimated $776,000 in revenue that Hot Springs will gain as a result of hosting the state's educators should instill enthusiasm among every local merchant and every citizen. Again, we lip our hals to the A.E.A. leaders who selected charm, f u n , com/eniencs and NORTH LITTLE ROCK TIMES Never have we been prouder of an Arkansas congressman lhan we were when Ray Thornton confessed his agony but faced up to the evidence and cast his vote to recommend impeachment of President Nixon. This was a lot tougher vote for Thornton than it was for some of his Democratic colleagues on the House Judiciary Committee bcause Mr. Nixon has enjoyed wide support in the Congressman's conservative South Arkansas district. Mr. Thornton could have voted the other way and nobody would have much blamed him. But in his opening speech Mr. Thornton, leading us step by step through the findings of fact and law by which he made up his own mind, showed precisely why he had reached the decision that Mr. Nixon was guilty of impeachable offenses. This and the judicial and reserved manner in which Mr. Thornton has conducted himself on this .most serious, matter leave him open to absolutely no criticism. As far as someone being able to make political points against the congressman because of his record in the impeachment proceeding, we believe they would be laughed out of the Fourth Congressional District. Wilh the President being accused of the basest sort "of wrongdoing if not outright (CONTINUED ON PAGE *»'"

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