Page 5 article text (OCR)
A Fragile System Is Rocky Relaxes "IJIelson A. Rockefeller, former IJiYernor of New York and ,thc man mentioned as a lop choice to be vice president in the Ford administration, relaxes Thursday at his home al Seal Harbor on the coast of Maine. (AP Wirephoto), ' Youth Wins Aquatic .School Scholarship * MOUNTAIN HOME, Ark. CAP) -- K u r t Kellam, 18, of Lake View has been awarded the Arnold Wienkenhofer Scholarship to attend the American Red Cross Aquatic School in Black Mountain, N.C., the Reel Cross announced Thursday. Kellam will major in canoeing and plans to become a canoeing instructor. He was credited with saving two adults and one child from drowning in Bu Shoals Lake last summer.' The scholarship is given honor of Wienkenhofer, wh served 24 years on the staff the American National Re Cross. Articles Filed Articles of incorporation we filed Wednesday in Washingtc County Court for Monorief Inc., photographers. Incorporates- is John M. Mo cricf. 500 N. Sang Ave. Northwest Arkansas TIMES, Friday, Aug. 16, 1974 FAYETTEVILLE, ARKANSAS . Keeping Peaceful Atoms From Being Bombs WASHINGTON (AP) -- As it shcs to embrace nuclear povv- tlie world must trust a (rag- system of international eaty, forbidden technology id on-site inspection to avert read ot nuclear arms. The aim is to keep peaceful oms from becoming atomic rmbs, built perhaps by terror- is or a country nervous about neighbor. But there is no certainty the 'stem will succeed. Some nuclear weapons con- ol experts are pessimistic, as- erting that mankind is fighting rear-guard action against in- vitable nuclear arms prolifera- 'an. Others are hopeful that hold- ut nations eventually will re- ounce development of nuclear :senals. But government sources warn lat within the next decade -a ozen or more nations could uild nuclear weapons it they esire. They will need only r eapon-grade nuclear material nd the determination to with- tand probable international riticism. As nations turn to nuclear ower to solve energy prob- ems, the possibility grows that ne might use its peaceful pow- r reactor as a stepping-stone o nuclear weapons. . POWER REACTORS IN USE More than 100 American-type lower reactors are operating, jeihg built or planned abroad. Other nuclear nations also are exporting reactors. The total number will rise into the hundreds in coming years. As a result, the volume of nuclear materials available will grow rapidly. Some will be uranium now used in nuclear power reactors but unsuitable for atomic weapons. Some will be plutonium, to be used in nuclear power reactors of the future. Plutonium, an excellent bomb material, will be stored in many places and widely transported. It is relatively scarce now, its possession confined to the countries that possess nuclear weapons. But by 1980, reactors throughout the world are expected to produce more than 130,000 pounds a year. "If a country is determined to obtain weapons-grade nuclear materials, there are many ways they can proceed," said Dr. Fred Ikle, director of the U.S. Aims Control and Disarmament Agency. "There is nothing, absolutely nothing, not even in this country, that gives absolute protection against diversion," Ikle told a congressional committee In July. NON-PROLIFERATION What protection there against diversion of in 1968, the Non Treaty has beei is nuclear materials comes from'the Non- Proliferation Treaty and the In tcrnational Atomic Encrgs Agency's system of inspections inventories of nuclear mate rials, tamper-proof seals anc surveillance cameras in 50 countries. Negotiated Proliferation signed and ratified by 82 coun tries. They have pledged not t develop nuclear weapons or, i they already possess them, no to aid other countries in acqui sition. But 62 countries either have not signed or have not ratifiec the treaty. France and China, which both possess nuclear weapons including the hydrogen bomb haven't signed. They may e\ port any nuclear technolog: they choose. India, which exploded he first nuclear device in June, i not a treaty signatory. She he came the sixth nation to pos sess nuclear explosives. Tli others .are the United States Russia, China, France and Bri Government sources sa some 20 countries, among them Japan, West Germany, Argen m, Brazil, South Korea and nkistan -- all not parties to tie treaty -- probably could roduce nuclear explosives if icy wanted.to do so. DETAILS KNOWN For two decades the details f how to build nn atomic bomb ave been widely known. Con- rol of their spread has come rom control of the availability Goldwater Urges Federal Pay Cut COLUMBIA, S.C. (AP) len. Barry Goldwater. R-Ariz., says he believes the defense judget should be cut by Â§5 bit- ion and that all federal em- ployes should have their sala- Â·ies trimmed by 10 per cent in an effort to fight inflation. Goldwater told a Republican imd-raising dinner on Wednesday night that time has come for this country to cut fedcra ; salaries and some federal pro grams." '.'I'd rather oe employed five years from now rather thai unemployed, with no Social Se curity. Inflation is here bccausi of excessive spending by Con gress." Oil Production Up AUSTIN, Tex. (AP) -- Th Texas Railroad Commission to day set the statewide oil pro auction allowable for Septem her at 101) per cent for the 30t consecutive month. of nuclear fuels. Uraniimi ore must be treated i separate a rare isotope, U235, using large, closely guarded plants that cost hundreds of. millions of dollars to build. There are several dozen of these enrichment plants in the United States, the AEC reports, but won't give the exact number. Plutonium of the grade used atomic weapons is found ic spent fuel of nuclear reac- ors, including those using ura- ium to generate electricity 5ut the spent fuel is so radio ctive that large, remotely op rated and expensive plants are icedcd to extract it. Uranium enrichment and plu onium extraction remain se ret technologies jealously guarded by the nuclear nations But in 10 years, the flow o iiiclear materials from reac ors to plutonium extractioi )lants and back to reactors a esh fuel will be enormous That's because the next gener We have a savings program and interest rate to meet your needs. Foyetteville Savings Loan Association 201 N. East Avenue ion of reactors producing ectricily will use philonium fuel instead of u r a n i u m . To rvc them, a dozen plutonium traction plants may operate Sside the nuclear weapons na- ons, their output readily con- crted into bombs. Several nations also arÂ» known a to be experimenting Â».L.. u potentially simple and cheap uranium enrichment method using lasers. Success could put weapons-grade em riched uranium within grasp ot many nations. ^ Sip it slow... Kentucky Beau We'vebeen making gentlemen's whiskey In Kentucky since 1800. And everything we know has gone into Kentucky Beau. We took our time making it. Take your lime drinking it. 86 Proof, 6 Years Old ' Kentucky Beau Straight Bourbon Whiskey Be sensible. Be sensuous. Be in a QianaÂ® shirt by $14.98 All this and the lowest sticker price in America. $2299: The shirt for the way you live now. In the fabric you can't get enough of. Rich, easy QianaÂ® nylon knit in one silky color after another. Sizes 8 to 18. || The very special checking account is by $10.98 Electric rear window defogger "And Toyota's best gas mileage too." .Front reclining ,, . bucket seats Passenger assist grip 4-speed transmission Tool kit and touch-up paint The great gingham shirt. To tuck in. To leave out. To layer or not. Crisp, carefree polyester and cotton in fresh, fresh colors. Sizes 8 to 18. ,.j|ffeel- "W'r-einforc e d doors ^* :':*", \, ' ' ' ' ' ' ;Steei uiiit body ^construction . . . , . - Wliitewail tires Budget Fashions Â·, Street Floor Open Mon. Thurs. nites til 8:30 yota Corolla 1200 See how much car your money can buy. '^ : Â£TOYOTA . ^ . - . .-_,'L;.... - . - . . . car specialists for 40 ygars._.. _ -i _, ^ '_..Â·_ orva comparison.of manufacturers' suggested retail prices. Corolla 1200 P.O.E. price docs not includ.V dcs(in~aYion*crÂ£Â«Â£'st^ speciafequipment requiHxfby stateTtawi CORDES-BROWN TOYOTA, Inc. Hwy. 68 East Springdale, Ark.