Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on August 15, 1974 · Page 4
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August 15, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 4

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Thursday, August 15, 1974
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Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Merest Is The First Concern Ot This Newspaper 4 · THURSDAY, AUGUST IS, 1974, , \ \ '. . ** f · · ^ -^ ·*', Man Is President Ford? Where To...And With Whom A question that will linger throughout the balance of the 1974 general election campaign is what effect the Nixon resignation will have on Republican candidates for of- : fice. This is particularly true in cases of those GOP candidates who have been staunchly partisan on the ex-president's behalf. A case in point is that of Rep. John Hammerschmidt of the Third Congressional District, only Republican in the Arkansas:. delegation. Rep. Hammerschmidt has voted-' "in support of the Nixon administration's various programs and policies more or less as a matter of course, and as recently as a · couple of weeks ago was (1) doubting that President Nixon had done anything to be impeached for; (2) advocating that the President resist calls for resignation, and (3) suggesting that the best thing Congress could do would be to hurry up with the process and get it over with. In fact, Rep. Hammer- Schmidt commented a few days before President Nixon's resignation that Congress should have dispensed with the impeachment procedure "a year ago." Rep. Hammerschmidt forgets when he says this is that lie, along with a good many other of the POP faithful'have been busy strewing the impeachment process with an awesome assortment of obstacles, including an unqualified support of every untruth issued by the White House. » One school of thought has it that the "honeymoon" period of Gerald Ford's new presidency will extend down to other mem- 'bers of the Republican Party and that the "Watergate morality" will not be too much of a factor in the November election. Another school has it that the public mood, in the wake of Watergate and the resignation, is to finish up the "house cleaning", with a new slate of elected officials. One must imagine, for instance, that while Rep. Wilbur Mills is surely "safe" in his bid for re-election, he won't win by as large, a margin as he might have, had not the . /niilk^fun^ anrj^xeiated campaign indiscre- · ^Itions'-^ut'facedj'^elatiye to his campaign activities" of two' years ago. To his credit, Bill Clinton, Fayetteville law professor who is Democratic candidate for Hammerschmidt's seat, has been suggesting resignation for Mr. Nixon right along. Clinton sized up the situation perceptively, we believe, putting priorities in needed perspective. The nation needs a confident, per- ible hand on the controls in dealing with the economy -- and Mr. Nixon's had grown increasingly shaky. The solemn truth of the matter, as Mr. Clinton correctly divines it, ·:.; "is \that ; evM granting a successful defense L: 6f-Articles of Impeachment in the Senate by Mr. Nixon, the nation is dangerously near an economic calamity that Mr. Nixon had grown powerless to deal with. Not everyone does, but if one buys this line of reasoning, then it is possible to contend that if President Ford rescues some stability from the march of stagflation, then it will reflect to the credit of GOP incumbents. More likely, though, it will serve to remind voters that a change of office holders is, apparently, the real key to righting an awfully unsteady state of affairs. Uohn I. Smith Area Farming ·· By JOHN 1. SMITH J One." farmer stated Saturday ."that our several rains last week ;\vere worth a million dollars. "Another farmer who Rot a two :jnch rain when the clouds first ^appeared about a week ago said That substantial new growth "was appearing in his pastures. 'But we need several rains like those of the last week for a full regrowlh of the grass. The rains in the Midwest came too late to save the great corn crop which was hoped for in the spring. Corn, of course, must have rain at tasselin'g time, and a lot of our corn did not get rain at that important time of pollination. One farmer who irrigated his sweet Bc'otn and sold it on the Square each Saturday stated that he was planting a second crop a fall crop. No doubt, he will fight a lot of ear worms. The ear worms grow each year in population as the months roll by, hut we hope that this fine producer can conquer them. From Oar Files; How Time Flies '10 YEARS AGO Voters in Springdale will ballot Tuesday on whether or not to finance the $600,000 expansion of the Ralston-Purina Company. The company located "in Springdale in 1963. Plans for the 1964 Fayetlevillo .United Fund campaigning took a "major step forward today with, the naming of ten business and 'community leaders who will ' serve as division chairmen. They are: Don Trumbo, Jr., Al -50 YEARS AGO i C o r n e r s t o n e laying cere- ! monies, completing the new · Epworth League building on ; Mount Sequoyah were held this ; afternoon, the Mount being 1 crowded for this event. Tom J. Terral is leading by i 7,000 votes out of the 170,000 ; counted at three o'clock this ' afternoon. Lee Cazort Klan en- 1 100 YEARS AGO The corn prospect on Rich land, we are told, is very ; promising.'One of otir farmer friends from that section of the county we learn that very little raise from 35 to 10 bushels to the acre without another drop of rain. In other portions of the county we lear nthat very little if any corn will he raised. The little girls sing it; Ihe Ifttle boys whistle it: everybody knows it, an dnow, oh, jee- Majors, Jim Wheeler, Jim Sandlin, Lewis Shelenberg, Dr. Phil Deal, Bunn Bell, Sam Matthews, Arthur Davidson, and Mrs. Cornelia Bowman;; The city of FayeUe'yille pumped more water in July than at any time in history. Carl Smith, city water superintendent, said city residents used an average of 4,500,000 gallons a day. dorsee for governor, is still in second place and has conceded the election. The new Crystal Ice Plant on Fri sco stall an, Isfriin nih'g* alt: tw'f capacity and "wagoh's'' J "are delivering the new product to Fayetteville families. whilikins, our c i t y band toots it! "Mol-lie-ele Dawling" is what ails 'em all. The author of that song can draw upon us for a free obituary notice at any time. Our parlicaular friend, John M a 11 h e ws, presented.·· us . this week with a '"very" : fine water-mellon. Such'.cool favors" are very acceptable this hot weather. Many thanks, John. They'll Do It Every Time Osa? TO SE A SAU30N ON eVBRY CORNER HOW ITS A BANK- IS THISPR06RESS? ONTHrS SITE WILL BE ERECTED , . . By JACK; ANDERSON WASHINGTON -- Behind the broad shoulders, square jaw and ruggedly handsome features, what is President Gerald Ford really like? We have checked with congressional sleuths, who in preparation for Ford's vice presidential confirmation hearings earlier this year gave him the most thorough investigation of any man ..who has ever assumed the office. We have talked pri- the -office. We have "talked privately with some of his most intimate friends. We have obtained access to the confidential audit of his tax returns. From these sources, we have put together a portrait of an intensely human .President, basically decent. · inherently honest, without guile, who still would like his firends to call him "Jerry."He uses expletives that would be deleted from White House transcripts, but he never would pretend he didn't. His profanity is good-natured, not vicious characterizations of his enemies. . · . . ,:.. ; ,Wheri..Ford first learned about ,' : the:/Nixon "enemies' list," ' lie 1 . ' rem'arked in. disbelief: "If you have so many enemies you have to keep a list; you are in trouble." Nor have his 'friends ever heard him, even in his most relaxed moments, let an ethnic slur slip by. He has often voted against the economic interests of the blacks. At first he opposed but later supported civil rights legislation. When the black congressional caucus opposed his confirmation as -.. vice president, Ford was hurt. " " ' ' The Washington Merry-Go-Round "You would think they would know me better," he told a friend sadly. Another friend recalls watching a TV newscast with Ford when the cameras focused on an impoverished black family being evicted from their home in Mississippi. Ford jumped up in agitation. "What a shame! W h a t a shame! "A country this rich can do better." The new President has a robust sense of humor and enjoys locker-room jokes. In the backrooms, he has the loose masculine manner of the football star he once was. . H e i b e l t s an occasional drink and doesn't try to hide the fact. For his thirsty friends, he mixes the drinks himself and never summons-an aide to wait on him. A visitor caught him in shirt sleeves helping to pack the crates ; when he moved from his .congressional office'to the vice presidential quarters. The visi- . tor, not. recognizing the.muscu- lar Ford, mistook him to be the chief of the moving'crew. Afterward, a friend asked him why he'didn't, let his staff handle the packing. "Oh," shrugged Ford, "this is 'the kind of thing I can do." After he was appointed vice president, we phoned him at his modest Alexandria, Va., home and got a man's voice on the other end. It was Ford still answering his own telephone. The President instinctively likes people' and is concerned about them. He tied up a friend for long hours helping hrm with vice presidential arrangements. The friend's exasperated wife finally complained that he may as well not b o t h e r to come home but slay at the Fords'. Gerald Ford picked up the phone and apologized to her. "I just couldn't have gotten by without him," said Ford about her husband. She was flustered but mollified. At a small social gathering, another friend recalls, the men were talking about world affairs ' and the women were discussing the problems. of the ' handicapped. The compassionate Ford shifted his attention to the women's conversation. As Washington watchdogs, we have had occasion to check into reports that Ford has misused campaign money. We dis-- covered on the contrary that he has always refused to accept cash contributions. He has insisted upon cheeks which can be properly recorded. We never found the. slightest evidence for his own personal use. The audit of his tax returns confirmed our findings. Once he mistakenly spent $1.167 in political funds for a family trip to their, condominium in the Vail, Colo., ski country. The moment he discovered the bookkeeping mistake, he immediately reimbursed the political account. The Internal Revenue Service also disallowed, an $871.44 deduction that Ford had taken for the special clothing he purchased for the 1972 Republican RIGHT NOW BOTH the June Vrict'.Hluly issues ot "Arkansas State Plant Board News" are right before us. The June issue discusses the Gypsy Moth which is a major threat to our hardwood timber. · They eat thft leaves and completely defoliate the trees. This report stated: "Until 1970 gypsy moths have been confined largely to New York and New England, but since then have been spreading rapidly. They defoliated 1.7 million acres of forest in 1973. They prefer deciduous, trees, such as Oak, birch and poplars, but will defoliate spruce or pins ,--jf v other trees are not available." The July issue discusses the Japanese beetle and states: "Adult' Japanese Beetles feed heavily on fruits, flowers, and foliage of over 300 different host plants. The larvae, or grub! live in the soil and feed on the fibrous roots of a number of grasses, field and truck crops and ornamental plants. Larvae are particularly destructive to grasses in pastures, lawns and established turf, causing wide areas of dead, brown grass. The ..Japanese Beetle is similar in size and habits to the common May Beetle native to Arkansas. It is much more destructive, however, because it builds up rapidly into tremendous numbers and feeds heavily on a much wider range of plants. The Japanese Beetle is similar in shape and color to the green June hug, but much smaller, and its back is bronze instead of dark-green. "A Federal Japanese Beetle quarantine has been in effect since 1919. The insect does not .Mend itself well 'to quarantine - ; and .control measures, however. · Spread occurs readily by natural means and is helped greatly by man. Immature stages are easily transported long distances in soil or nursery slock. Adults can be transported by motor vehicles, rail and particularly by jet aircraft. To be effective, control measures must be aimed primarily at the immature stages in the soil. This is greatly hampered by current restrictions on residual pesticides. In fact, these restrictions rule "out the possibility of eradicating the pest once it becomes established." This insect has been discovered at the Blythville Air .Force; Base, having perhaps hitch-hiked on a plane. They can not travel very far by wing. These insect problems arc pointed out, not to tell the farmers to make them their problems right now, but to point out the problems which face our entomologists. About all we can do is to support them in all of their experimental investigations until they find or devise, a plan of attack. Then will be the time to work individually on the plans which will be devised. These serious insect problems, like plant and animal disease problems, arise before us annually, and it takes trained scientist to handle them. Let's support our trained scientist In the handling of Iheso problems. S«e Of Affairs Mystery Of The Smoking' Tapes convention. The IHS raled that the new suits were not "unique or distinctive" in character and, therefore, leveled a $4,355.77 tax deficiency against Ford. Ford's lawyers assured him that _ he was entitled to the deduction and could: defeat the IHS in tax court. Nevertheless, Ford insisted upon, giving the government the benefit of any doubt arid ordered his accountant to write the IKS a check. Ford's returns show he earned a total income of $224,364,10 .for the first three years of the 1970s, He paid $75,111.44 ,or about .a. third of his income, in federal taxes. An additional $6,261.42 was. paid to Michigan in state taxes. : The FBI investigation of Ford before his confirmation as vice president was so thorough, ha was told, that agents even questioned, a hfgh school football player who allegedly had been kneed by Ford in a tough-fought game. The referees threw Ford out of the game over the inci-; dent. As Ford was later told, the former football rival confirmed that Ford had been ejected from the game but confessed that Ford had never actually kneed him. Ford commented to friends that he was pleased the FBI had been §o thorough. , By CLAYTON FRITCHEY WASHINGTON -- In the postmortems on the downfall of Richard Nixon, attention is sure to focus on the mystery of why he handed over the "smoking guns," which is simply another way of saying the smoking tapes. In short, why did he [atally-incriminate hirnself:?...... Since-there was"'lib White House hesitation about losing, 'mislaying, altering, blurring or even erasing any number of other subpoenaed tapes, w h a t was the point in surrendering . intact (or sufficiently intact) the only two recordings which contained evidence conclusive enough to insure removal of the President and, possi'bly, his prosecution? Twice now, last spring a n d last week, Mr. Nixon surrendered some of the tapej he was ordered to relinquish by the Supreme Court and, before that, by U.S. Dist. Judge John Sirica. Yet in both instances he ducked full compliance either by failing to turn over · certain critical tapes for one reason or another or by turning over ones that had been tampered with. Naturally this aroused wide spread public suspicion, but legally Mr. Nixon got away with it. Hence, it is not easy to understand why the retiring President last week relinquished and made public the June 23, 1972, tapes which showed him plotting the Water- gale coverup with his chief of staff, H.R, Haldeman. IN VIEW-PP.-the selectivity praeliceii - ^y/i ItJrV Nixon...in. yielding: 'up^.HVe subpoenaed tapes, it is equally h a r d to understand why last winter he also surrendered the damning recording of March 21, 1973, which pictured him as ordering the payment of hush money to keep the Watergate defendants from involving the White House in the break-in. The March 21 tape was only one of a number that special prosecutor Leon Jaworski had subpoenaed through Judge Sirica. The: special prosecutor, however,; did not get all he asked for because the former President's attorneys informed the court that some of the taped conversations had been' lost, others had not been recorded and still others had inexplicable gaps. The same routine followed in the wake of the Supreme . Court's order to turn over an additional 64 White House recordings. Almost daily, Mr. Nixon's counsel, .Tames St. Clair, reported new-difficulties: One crucial 'conversation with Charles Col son, a former Whit* House assistant, reputedly was never recorded. A second was flawed by "poor audio quality," a third had a five-minute gap and a fourth contained only a fraction of a conference between Mr. Nixon and Haldeman. Finally, St. Clair later topped this by a second report to Judge Sirica saying still another nine tapes were not available, either because they were not recorded or could not be found, or something. Since the handling, or rather mishandling, of : both the first and second batch of tapes inevitably strained White House credibility, it is hard to see how Mr. Nixon could have been much worse off in public opinion if the tapes of March 21 and June 23 had a l s o disappeared or ended up with gaps or "unintelligible" blurs. After all, th» really Incriminating dialogue in these two tapes adds up only to a couple of recorded minutes. FOLLOWING A LONG visil with Mr. Nixon, Rabbi Baruch Korff said his great friend had told him that of all the 64 tapes covered by the Supreme Court decision the "only one of any importance" was the June 23 recording that Mr. Nixon made public last week, It that is so, how is it that it didn't get lost like so many of the others? Or ond up with a gap of a minute or two? The preservation of the t w o key tapes is difficult to square with the ruthless Actions of a President who di'dn't hesitate to obstruct justice, 'betray his oath of office and deceive even his closest associates. It should be noted, however, that Mr. Nixon from the beginning temporized with the tapes. Is there an adult American who has not wondered why the former Chief Executive did not openly destroy all the recordings on the day that their existence was revealed by the Senate Watergate investigating committee last July? Since Mr. Nixon was then professing grave concern over "national security," he could, have publicly justified the destruction on the grounds of protecting t h e national interests. That would not have satisfied Mr. Nixon's critics, but it probably would have been- generally accepted, or accepted enough. In any case it would have insured the President against, impeachment.. There would have been no chance of removal had It not been for the tapes. Even with them !t wasn't easy. (C) 1974, Los Angeles Times Changing Of The Guard WASHINGTON (ERR) -From Richard M. Nixon to Ger- .aid R. Ford: The method by which presidential power was transferred -- through' resignation -- was unique in American history, hut the act itself was not. Ford, in fact, is the ninth "accidental President" ot the United States. Of the 13 Presidents elected in this century live, including Nixon, failed to complete their terms. The United States, then, has had ample experience in coming to terms with a Vice President suddenly elevated ta Chief Executive. Generally speaking, the new man in the Oval Office can count on a "honeymoon", period with tha news media and the opposing political party. And he can look forward to even greater rewards: Every Vice President who succeeded a President in mid-term in this century went on to win election in his own rfght. PRECISELY THE ^ o p p o s i t e pattern prevailed in the 19lh century. All four accidental Presidents of that period either were deeply unpopular at the time of their succession or shortly became so. None was subsequently elected, 'much less nominated, to a term of his own by a major political party. The first two accidental Presidents -- John Tyler and Millard Fillmore -- came to power under strikingly similar circumstances. Each succeeded a Whig President who died in office. And each pursued policies 'that his predecessor probably, would have opposed. Both made the mistake of antagonizing Sen. Henry Clay of Kentucky, one of the most powerful politicians of the tirhe.; Andrew Johnson and Chester A. Arthur, the next two accident^l . Presidents, came : to office through the assassination of their predecessors. In ad- dition,both'suffered-from Apolitical image problems of almost insurmountable magnitude. Johnson got o f f . to a had start by appearing drunk at his inaugural.'He antagonized Congress to such a degree that he was i m p e a c h e d a n d nearly convicted. Arthur's problems were compounded by a remark made by Charles J. .Guiteau,' President Garfield's: assassin.- After firing the fatal shot, Guiteau shouted: "I did it and I want to be arrested. I am a Stalwart and Arthur is President now." Stalwart was the name then applied to the conservative wing of the Republican party; GOP moderates were known as Half-Breeds. Arthur was a dyed-in-the-wood Stalwart who had never held elective office and was a product of the New. York Republican spoils system.' As President, Arthur surprised, both wings of his party hy con-' ducting an honest, efficient, and dignjfied administration. ; ALL SIGNS indicate that; Ford will receive the same broad sympathy accorded Theo-. dore Roosevelt, Calvin Coolidge,' Harry Truman and Lyndon^ Johnson when they picked up the reins of executive power.' Already a popular figure within · his own party. Ford made a^ favorable impression on many Democratic and independent voters during his brief tenure; as Vice President. There is virtually no chance that he will; blunder like Tyler and Fillmore- and pursue policies significantly different from those of his predecessor. ' ' Ford's quarter-century of experience in Congress no doubt, will serve him as well as Lynd o n Johnson's comparable experience served him. Because- of public weariness after th» long ordeal of Watergate/, Ford's honeymoon period prom-; ises to be longer than most.; But all honeymoons come to an end. Most Presidents are judged according to their- behavior and achievements, in' the more fractious period that inevitably follows. Two or per-' haps six years from now, th»: 'public 1 will have taken its tru» measure of President Ford:

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