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Editorial-Opinion Page the Public Interest Is The First Concern Of This Newspaper 4 Â· TUESDAY, AUGUST 13, 1974 Mr. Nixon Could Have Caused Tape Gap City To Vote On Leash Law Fayetteville voters will decide the fate of a year around leash law at the general , election Nov. 5. Voters will also be asked 'to decide if the animal ordinance should include cats as well as dogs among those pets to be kept up throughout the year. Present city ordinance requires that dogs be contain- 'ed only six months of the year, an antique concession to "dog days" fears of rabies. " Appeals for stricter controls of the pet 'population in Fayetteville have been addressed to City Hall for quite a number of years, :if the steady number'of complaints voiced '. by letters to this newspaper are any sort of indicator. Although situations vary from neighborhood to neighborhood, and from year to year as residents move and take their pets along with them, there is little question that the pet population in the city is greater now than ever, and probably greater, percentagewise, in relation to the number of residents. As we have mentioned in these columns on earlier occasions, Fayetteville is .in transition from a small, agrarian-oriented town to a complex, increasingly metropolitan urban area. Population densities are up, along with traffic, and the day is almost past when the average villager can comfortably keep a cow and a small flock of chickens out . back. Probably the greatest single indication Â· of change from small town to large is an increasing isolation of neighbor from neighbor -- a diminishing of shared interests and points of view within the separate neighborhoods of the city. It used to be that a home- owner could recognize, and even pet the occasional dog who browsed through his or her yard; it was no inconvenience or bother. But when ..a pack of strange dogs, runs through one's yard, as is the frequent case today, overturning trash cans,, damaging flower gardens and occasionally menacing children and adults, it is another matter altogether. We are a little disappointed that the city Board lacks the confidence to do what seems altogether appropriate in this instance, which is to say to adopt an effective leash law, complete with adequate licensing provisions to support a workable enforcement program. No such ordinance can work without enforcement. A referendum, though, is perhaps better than nothing. There will be a tendency among those who are approximately neutral to vote against such an ordinance, we would imagine, which mitigates to some extent against the proposal. To that extent it puts the proponents of the leash law on their mettle to seek as much support as possible for the election. They'll need it. We would venture the opinion for the next Board -- there will be a new Board elected at the same time the leash law is voted on --that even if this leash law portion fails to muster an affirmative vote it won't quite mean that pet control is an inappropriate measure for the future. If Fayetteville does not need a leash law this November, the chances are still good that it'll need one by the next year, or soon after. From. The Readers Viewpoint The Connection 1 There are clues to a story that stuns and frightens Washington. There is the probability that the ex-President of the ' United Slates may have been captive to organized crime. Bits of information has appeared in the New York Times. Washington Post, Los Angeles : Times, Newsday. Oakland Tribune. Village Voice, Texas Observer, Sun Dance, Pacific News Service, and Penthouse. Ralph Salerno, formerly the Â·. New York C i t y Police Department's expert on organized crime, wrote some lime ago: "Organized crime will put a man in the White House some day and be won't even know it until they hand him the bill." .. So smoothly was he drawn in, by his own greed for money and power, he may not have known the involvement for some years. There are some in Washington who believe that Nixon is so deeply caught, he is no longer a free agent. Do they know about him what no Senate or House Committee has indicated they are aware of? Perhaps E. Howard Hunt knows or guesses, and this permitted hime to demand huge sums from the White House in coniplete assu- es, and this permitted him to ranee. One of the links is the .lale Murray Chotiner, Nixon's counselor during his whole political career, from the time he ran for the House against Jerry Voorhis -- a public servant who was smeared in the worst way. Chotiner, who died suddenly a few weeks ago, was described From Our Files; How Time Flies] 10 YEARS AGO Washington County voters, with only one county-wide contest, stayed away from the polls yesterday in a Democratic primary that saw Benton County pile up a larger vole than in the July preferential primary. In light balloting Mrs. Sara Teague, veteran chief deputy .collector, was nominated for collector. 50 YEARS AGO Â· "I never heard a better speech unless it was made by V o 1 Walker, Washington county's peerless orator." "Ab and Vol are much alike. Both tell the truth and shame the devil." Such were the com- 100 YEARS AGO Ye oldest inhabilants -- those who have been hero since 1836 - -- say they have never experienced as warm weather as we have had this summer. It does a fellow gcod these dull times to visit the University grounds and sec the 'pustle. stir, and work that is going on Republican gubernatorial candidate Winlhrop Rockefeller will climax a whirlwind of campaigning in Northwest Arkansas Friday by crowning 1964's Queen Concordia at Tontitown. Paving of Center Street from Razorback Road west of Garvin Avenue will begin probably next week. May Guy Brown said today.' menls heard last night following a speech by G e o r g e A. Hurst, candidate for representative, in refutation of what he declared were last-minute lies spread over the county in a Klan effort to defeat him. around there. There are about one hundred hands at work on the building. The walls for the second story are finished and the third story is now looming up. The Arkansas Industrial University building when completed will be the greatest structure in the stale. By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON - The Watergate prosecutors pro investigating the possibility that Richard Nixon himelf may have erased the famous 18Va minute segment from the tape of his June 20, 1972, conversation with H.R. Haideman. The missing discussion, according to Haldeman's notes, dealt with the Watergate break- in. Sources close to the prosecutors' office describe Nixon as a "key suspect" in their investigation, although they have developed no "solid Â·evidence" that would incriminaie him. The 18W minute conversation was wiped off the tape, according to a panel of experts, by someone who made five slop-and-start erasures. The erasing was done, it is almost sure, on the Uher 5000 recorder used by the President's private secretary, Rose Mary Woods. T h e evidence strongly suggests, therefore, that the culprit was an amateur who had access to both the tapes - and Miss Woods' reorder. As a practical matter, this would e l i m i n a t e almost everyone except Nixon, Miss Woods and While House assistant Stephen Bull. Â· " Both the President and Miss Woods listened to (he tape .at Camp David on Sept. 29, 1973. sworn grand jury testimony. The President, according to sworn grand jury testimony, donned earphones and pushed buttons. But it wasn't until two dales The Washington Merry-Go-Round They'll Do it Every Time Gvf Â£XÂ£c=s/%ceoffOtw?w#e ST/FFS welu MOV ANOTHER HOTSHOT MOVES WANP we wove INTO UPSTAIRS! REAW6 THATWAU/'-WJ'U- HAve A nice BIG Office- OKAY? in 1962 by Drew Pearson in the Washington Merry-Go-Roud as "representing the top gangster of Philadelphia, Marco Reginelli" and "a long and amazing list of hoods, concession peddlers, income tax violators and others needing influence in high places." The purpose of the seemingly senseless Watergate break-in has never been satisfactorily revealed. Was it an attempt to find out how much was known, and to accomplish a cover-up? In the tapes just released, in conversation with Haideman. he expressed 'concern that the probe would lead to the Bay of Pigs and beyond. The Havana connection. In 1957, Nixon was paraded as an honored guest at the opening of a gambling casino in the Bahamas, where the Mafia came after it was thrown out of Cuba by Castro. If the Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba had succeeded, Meyer Lansky. the financial genius of the Mafia, would be back in control of the lucrative Havana gambling casinos which he ran in the Batista regime. Nixon was the chief pusher for this operation in the Eisenhower Administration. Introduction of Mafia figures into CIA operations gave U.S. backing in training and guns for the invasion, and it gave the mafia a world wide influence. An FBI agent investigated organized crime, quoted by the Lo's Angeles Times, said: "The whole thing of the Teamsters and the White House is one of the scaries things I've e v e r seen." On July 17, 1972, Frank Ftiz- simmons, the Teamsters president, met with Morris Shenker, called by Life "the foremost mob attorney," and others at an underworld hangout, the La Costa Country Club of California, 'before going up the coast to San Clemente to announce Teamster support for Nixons re-election. On the week-dend of Feb. 10, 1973, Fitzsimmons met at La Costa with a man described 'by investigator Jeff Gerth as the "main link between the (Teamsters Pension) F u n d and organized crime," and another Mafia Figure. Also at La Costa at the same time, John Dean, John Mitchell and John Erlichman were gathered to discuss the Watergate cover-up. John Dean spoke of this meeting in his testimony before the Senate Watergate Committee. After his meetings, Fitzsimmons ftew back east on Airforce One with Nixon. Fitzsimmons has given at least $25,000 to the National Citizens Committee for Fairness to the Presidency, a group dedicated to saving Nixon from impeachment. The director is Rabbi Baruch Kortf, known for his aid to those smuggling arms and men into Palestine in the 1940s for the terrorist groups. (Washington , Post July 5) Meryer Lansky was a major money raiser for these terrorist groups, and supposedly helped them get guns. John Osborne of New Republic, who was with Nixon in the Middle East, noted: "We saw him but he didn't see us. His gaze and thoughts were far away and sadness was all about h i m . ' But lest we feel undue compassion, the scope of his concern has never reached beyond himself and those who were important to his personal life and his ambition. He carried it high but, finally, it caught up with him. Ella Potee Winslow later that she got the Uher 5000, which apparently was used to craso the IBVi minutes. She had requested a machine with a foot-pedal device. It was delivered to Bull, who had ordered it, at 1:15 p.m. on October 1. He brought it to her the same afternoon. She later heard the 18'A minute buzz and rushed into the oval office to tell the President about it. Her attorney, Charles Rhyne, told us she has never been sure she caused the gap although she assumed the blame . first. The tape could have been erased by someone' else, he said, before she dis-. covered it. But who would fool with.the recorder of the President's 5 private secretary'.' Could the President have heard something he didn't like on the June 20 tape that day at Camp ; David and later have slipped into Rose ' Mary Woods' office to erase the critical conversation? Or could he have done it or ordered it done sometime beore Sept. 29, 19737 . Sources close to the prosecution believe this could have happened. But one thing troubles them. Why would the President erase 1BW minutes from the June tape and leave 2V4 minutes of incriminating conversation on the June 23 tape? The fateful 2\i minutes have now been the President's undoing. Other sources suggest that the President may not have bothered to listen to the June 23 tape last fall because it hadn't yet been subpoenaed. It took a Supreme Court order last month to get him to give up the June 23 tape along with 6i others. These were transcribed by the Secret Service, which kept the originals and supplied the President's office only with duplicates. Stephen Bull listened to the duplicates, located the crucial conversations and then brought them into the President to monitor. By then, it was too late for anyone in the President's office to tamper with it. WASHINGTON WHIRL: Up to the last minute. President Nixon kept hoping for a dramatic development that he could use to rally the public behind him again. He rejected another last-ditch TV appeal, telling aides that he was waiting for the right move. It was clear from his conversation, say our sources, that he was looking for a breakthrough he could use for an emotional Checkers-style appeal to the nation....After the revelation that the President had ordered the Central Intelligence Agency to be used to obstruct the FBI's investigation of Watergate, he still insisted to friends that he didn't understand at the time this was ob- Â©1974 A Potpourri Excerpts From The World Of Thought NIXON'S RECORD. Philip Geyelin, "Impeachment and F o r e i g n Policy," Foreign Policy, summer 1974, pp. IBS- ISO. "Perhaps the 'greatest flaw in President Nixon's conduct of, and approach to foreign policy has always been his compulsion to oversell and to overstate, in overly simplistic terms, his purposes and achievements. It takes nothing away from his undoubted accomplishments -to note that success, by any realistic test, could never measure up to the rhetoric." "Precisely because of this gross disparity between rhetoric and reality the Nixon legend in foreign affairs was always particularly vulnerable to adversity....As the worst case against Nixon was building up...there was a tendency on the part of those more favorably inclined to him to turn almost in desperation to the best case in his favor -- the case for Richard Nixon, the indispensable world slateman. But the best case could not bear the weight of c l o s e scrul- . iny....Events were not working in the President's favor. The stunning successes were no longer there." "Mr. Nixon was cruelly coming up against what is almost a fundamental fact of American polities: for it is almost universally true that no leader under any reasonably free system of government can hope to deal confidently and effectively on the international scene if he is not also dealing, and plainly seen to be dealing, confidently arid effectively with problems at home." UNHEEDED CEASE-FIRE. "The Once and Present War," The New Republic, July 20, 1974, pp. 5-6. "In the cease-fire agreement signed in Paris early last year, the U.S. pledged itself to promote peace in Vietnam by encouraging Sa^on authorities to seek an accommodation with their North Vietnamese and Vietnam adversaries. It would be a 'peace of reconciliation,' President Nixon proclaimed, and he appealed to the belligerents to make it 'a peace that lasts and also a peace that heals.' That pledge has since been transformed into a determination to reinforce the authority of South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu. Talk of compromise and conciliation has faded. The civil war has not.and the U.S. is in up to its knees if not its neck." "The administration, which currently supplies more than 80 per cent of South Vietnam's economic and military requirements, thus takes us back Bible Verse "Behold, the days come, saith the Lord God, that I will send a famine in the land, not a famine of bread, nor a thirst for water, but of hearing Ibe words of the Lord; And they shall wander from sea to sea, and from the north even to the east, they shall run to and fro to seek the word of the Lord, and shall not find it." Amos 8:11,12 Make the most of God's word while you have it. Who knows when it may be out of reach? "But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometime were far off arc made nigh by the blood of Christ." Ephesians 2:13 The shedding of the Saviour's blood put all humanity in reach of redemption. The only thing that can keep us from the real- ily of what that means is our own determination to keep Him at a distance. Turn it all over to Him. Now claim the promise and pardon that he has provided. where we were-20 , years ago. President Eisenhower ignored the 1954 Geneva agreement by giving Ngo Dinh Diem arms and money to fight his internal enemies; Mr. Nixon does likewise for Thieu. Backing him for 'as long as...is needed' can only mean that the President is prepared to keep paying Thieu's bills (or those of. a like-minded successor) for another genera- KENNEDY ON DETENTE. Great Issues on Our Agenda," The Atlantic Community Quarterly, summer 1974, pp. 171-177. "The first phase of detente has ended. The second and more exacting phase has now begun. As it does, the peoples of the West are raising basic questions about future relations with Ihe Soviet Union. Is Moscow really prepared lo move beyond the strategic arms agreement already signed? Can there be a real end to the causes of those tensions and disagreements that marked the cold war? How .deep is detente, and w h a t directions can and should it now take?' "I believe that what we have achieved so far in detente has taken us beyond the cold war. Leaders in both East and West now accept joint responsibility for preventing mankind's final and cataclysmic war. We have taken the first bold steps back from the brink of Armeged- don." "This does not mean an end lo major differences and even hostility between' East and West.' It does not mean that we have reached an age of blind and careless trust in Soviet intentions, nor that Soviet society will suddenly he transformed, and become responsive lo the popular will. Detente does mean an age of new possibilities, which did not exist before. Today, detente must, at heart, he an agreed \villingness to meet forthrfghtly those issues dividing East and Wcsl where there can ba mutual agreement," struction of justice He looked upon it, rather, as merely an attempt to cover up a political embarrassment... - ; We can't resist recalling how , the . W h i l e House squawked ;. when we reported on April 7, . 1973, that "the Central Intelli-Â·Â·Â· gence Agency has ordered its-.agents not to talk to the-', Federal Bureau of Investigation about the explosive Watergate .. case." A month later on May : 8. we quoted from an actual , FBI memo telling about the . CIA's obstruction...Richard W. Velde, who has just been named head of the Law Enforcement.. Assistance Administration, was, . arrested in 1972 for violating federal migratory bird laws. He , forfeited $50 collateral rather , than stand trial. The new law- and-order appointee also used- to crusade against gun controls. Now he is charged with helping, police to enforce gun control" Rep. Ken Gray, D-I11., the'; retiring House Beau Brummel " who once threatened to punch one of iny reporters, may be." immortalized in stone. Under a , public works bill, a new $5.;. million federal office building. in Carbondale, III., will be: known forevermore as the- "Kcnneth J. Gray Federal: Â·Â· Building"...James St. Clair, like Â· his prominent client, wound up -\ with his own press relations operation. It has been headed", by Larry Speakes, a former- aide to Sen. James Eastland,-; D-Miss. The taxpayers, o f ' course, have paid for St. dair's- press relations, along with the rest of the Nixon defense ...Â·Â» Washington officials sent license" bills, intended for two of the famous Watergate c o m p l e x Â· buildings, to the wring address. For 6ix months until the bills caught up, therefore, these Watergate buildings operated Â·technically without a license. In Case Of :: Doubt, Try ,, Tenderness ... WASHINGTON (ERR) -- A postage stamp commemorating the 100th anniversary of the introduction of hard red winter wheat into the United States will he issued at Hillsboro, Kan., on Aug. 16. VARIETY IS THE spice of '_ plant as wejl as human life. In their ongoing effort to create ' high-yielding, disease-resistant strains of w h e a t, corn, a n d , other food crops, agricultural g e n e t i c i s t s are constantly ' crossing different varieties -of the same type of plant. Such-, experimentation made possible the Green Revolution. Sometimes Ihe simple impor- Â· tation of an established foreign : variety will suffice. Aug. 16, for. example, will mark the 100th ' anniversary of the introduction of hard red winter wheat into ,, the United States. The grain was brought to this country by . a group of German-speaking. Mennonite - immigrants . from . southern Russia. The/hardy new variety flourished in Kansas,... where it was first planted, and j it is now grown extensively in Nebraska, Oklahoma. Montana, Texas, and Colorado as well. Durum wheat, grown almost exclusively in the Dakotas and Minnesota, also is a Russian import. It was brought here in the late 19th century by Mark Alfred Carleton, a cerealist for the U.S. Department of Agriculture, after a worldwide search for drought-resistant and rust- 'resistant wheats. A QUEST LIKE Carlelon'a would be far more difficult today. One reason is that many wild strains of basic food crops are disappearing as civilization expands into formerly remote areas. A second reason was cited by Los .Angeles Times reporter Robert A. Jones: "The .disappearance of primitive plant varieties and the seeds that store their often unique characteristics is a direct result, scientists believe, of a modern agriculture which has covered vast portions of the globe with uniform, often identical crops. The genetic erosion has been made more serious by the discovery that the new crops are often highly vulnerable to both pest and disease. Producing uniformly high yields, each plant also carries uniform weaknesses. If one plant falls prey to a disease, all fall prey." To forestall calamity on a large .scale, a move is under way to establish seed banks in various parts of the world. The largest such facility, operated by the Agriculture Deparlment at Fort Collins, Colo., contains about 100,000 plant varieties. PERHAPS AVHAT the world needs now is another Luther ..PERHAPS WHAT the world Burbank. The great American plant breeder, who was born 125 years ago, developed more than 800 new varieties of fruits, flowers, grains. vegetables, grasses, and forage plants, many of which are still economically important. His more notable "creations" included 113 varieties of nhim, the poine- less rictus, and the Burbank, or Idaho, potato. : Burbank did all Ihis without the aid of modern princioles of plant genetics. Instead, his . work was based largely .on Charles Darwin's theories of natural selection. And jhe , clearly subscribed to the currently fashionable notion that plants respond to human love and care. "There is no great gulf between nlant. and animal life," he wrote shorllv before his death in 1926. "I know that plants have minds -- subconscious minds, ,but. at any rate, minds." Thus, Burbank's advice to today's plant geneticists might be: If all else fails, try a little tqnderness.