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Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest IÂ» The First Concern O/ TTiis Newspaper 4 Â· MONDAY, AUGUST 12; 1974 Gas Prices Following In Oil's Footsteps In Which. To Take Pride Richard M. Nixon carried his resignation speech off with admirable nerve and style. Still, his 37th prime time teevee talk to the' nation struck us as more prudent than courageous, even granting Mr. Nixon's combative instincts. The resignation speech seemed to be designed to leave an impression that everything the ex-president has done from Watergate to hasty departure for slill-to-be-paid- for San Clcmente has been in the national interest. Courage, it seems to us, might have dictated at least some acknowledgement of disservice to the nation by way of the Watergate affair. The Nixon swan song posture was not one of contrition or remorse, which would have been becoming as well as appropriate for a man virtually assured of being found guilty of high crimes and misdemeanors if he'd gone through with impeachment procedures. He as much as admitted THAT, earlier. It is difficult, therefore, for us to reconcile the enormously restrained inquiry by the Congress and the substantive findings of wrong doing by the White House with the ex-president's contention of great works and zealous fidelity to the national welfare. Mr. Nixon, we would judge, still owes a debt to history in making a candid, honest assessment of the motives and actions taken during the post-Watergate period leading up to the crucial decision against him by the Supreme Court. Pragmatically, the disarray of his present financial position could persuade him to tell all, in a forthcoming set of memoirs of his five and one-half years' in the White House -- a volume that would surely command a princely sum from any of several major publishers. Grubby details'of last week's resignation aftermath should not obscure the genuinely Art Buchwald constructive sum and total of the affair, however. It may be'that Congress and the American public will settle for resignation as punishment enough for Mr, Nixon's having done his level best to steal the government away from the American people. It may be that a more exacting penalty is in the cards. Beyond such purely personal considerations, however, is the comfortable, prideful certainty that the nation's 200-year old Constitution has survived with flying colors the most severe challenge of the American experience. Inseparable from the best qualities of the Constitution are the lengths -- indeed the sometimes agonizingly slow progress that was made by Senate and House inquiries -- with which the system has dealt with this. crisis. Slow, searching, judicial manner has been the hallmark. It cannot be fairly said, we believe, that President Nixon did not get equal time in the courts of justice and public opinion. Even in the climactic Judiciary Committee hearings, when evidence seemed most conclusive, he had his articulate and persuasive spokesman arguing for cautious and compassionate weighing of fairness as well as specificity: It is noteworthy that it has been mostly Nixon supporters who have advocated getting on with it -- abrogating the built-in . cautions and deliberate sifting of evidence that the Constitution provides for -- Rep. John Hamriierschmidt of this district being but one example. But haste is not the surest fashion for so grave and momentous a decision as impeachment, and we can be proud in this traumatic aftermath of Mr. Nixon's resignation that our constitutional democracy -- a system of laws and individual Â· rights '-- has triumphed, its fundaments .intact, and, indeed, burnished by the experience. Â· How To Be A Chic Tourist By ART BUCHWALD WASHINGTON -- The new sumnier fashions for American tourists visiting Washington have recently been released, and from all indicatons the clothes are going to be more formal than in previous years. The source of this information was Sophie Glutz, the famous Washington tourist fashion expert, who said, "It appears now From Oar Files; How Time Flies] 10 YEARS AGO Miss Beverly White, the ucrrent Miss Fayettcville, will represent the city in beauty pageants being held concurrently with the White River Carnival this weekend in Batesville. University of Arkansas President David Mullins and other chief administrators of state universities will meet with President Johnson. Thursday at the 50 YEARS AGO Got your poll tax receipt ready? F.very patriotic Democratic citizen 21 years of age or older will go fo the polls tomorrow to vote for nominees from t h a t for Governor down to county clerk. Locally, factions are feverish. It was current on the street this afternoon that local Cazort f o l l o w e r s yesterday wired Cazort "to send the best spea- 100 YEARS AGO Gen. N.B. Pearcc of this city, is prominently spoken of as a candidate for Secretary of State, on the Democratic ticket, in the coming fall election. General Pcarce would make an efficient Secretary, and we would he gratified to see such a man in that office. The Democrat office will tie White House to discuss important educational aspects of the development of states and regions. A vacation theme.was chosen by the Kouplers Klub for their . August dance held last week at the U Ark Bowl. Members of the host committee were Mr. and Mrs. David Randall, Mr. and Mrs. Bob Cheyne, Mr* and Mrs. Harold Dugger, and Mr. and Mrs. Jim Stewart. ker he could find" here tonight to reply to Gen. H. Hurst, who will speak on "University Removal and the True Record of Lee Cazort." The Hurst- Cazort debate has assumed the appearance of Klan and anti- Klan fight. Grape men will hold a demonstration meeting Wednesday afternoon at 1:30 o'clock at the Chamber of Commerce. south side of the square, upstairs in the Pettigrew building. This will be more convenient to all parties. The Post office has been moved to the same building, first floor. There is a good opening for businessmen in Fayettcville. Only nine business houses for rent in the heart of the city, removed next week, to the They'll Do It Every Time YOU TRY TO VB \OOR PUR? A BATH AHP HÂ£ GOES SAN ANAS-Â· 0 raver GETS TH 8 JDS- AMP HCW GOES IE BEHAVE MOW? , t h a t women will be wearing more stretch pants than Bermuda shorts when visiting the public monuments." 'Does this mean that women tourists visiting this town will no longer be wearing blue jeans and sweat shirts?" "Oh, I wouldn't rule that out completely. In the daytime you may find a certain nuiribcr of women in blue jeans and sweat shirts, as well as shorts, but In the evening they will probably change into slacks, stretch- pants and blouses." "Is it true that the short shorts are out?" "They are after 4 o'clock. Of course many tourists will still visit the White House and the Lincoln Memorial in short shorts, but we're recommending longer shorts for the Senate and House of Representatives." "I think that's wise," I said. 'What about skirts?" "SKIRTS ARE awfully dressy for sightseeing in Washington, but some women will wear them with halters and bare midriffs and open-toed sandals." "What about dresses and suits for women?" "Heaven forbid. A woman tourist wouldn't be seen dead in a dress or suit. All the other tourists would laugh at her." "What about styles?" "Keeping yaur hair in curlers while sightseeing still seems to be the rage. The large collored plastic curlers which stick out all over your head are coming back in again." "How about face cream?" "It's optional. Many women tourists prefer it to sunlan oil as sunlan oil doesn't show up as well." "I suppose socks and stockings are out?" "They have been for some time now. unless you're going to a stale dinner at the White House." "What's new in colors?" "In shorts, we're recommending plaids for women who weight more than 150 pounds. They look so much better from the rear. Also, stripes are back In, at least as far as sweatshirts are concerned. The simple black toreador pants of a few years ago are definitely out." "WHAT ABOUT men's tourist fashions?" "There hasn't been too much change in men's fashions this year. They'll still wear A r m y fatigues, bright - colored sports shirts, sneakers and baseball caps." "And children?" "We're not laying down any hard and fast rules on what children should wear in Washington. The National Gallery of Art has asked that children not wear bathing suits when visiting, it, but you have to remember that the gallery is a very stuffy institution." "I'm delighted to see how the standards in clothes have gone up in the nation's capita Ithis year." I said. "Yes, it's amazing how clothes conscious Americans are when they visit Washington these days. It's as though they know thut they're on display, and they want to look their best for the latest crisis." Co. 1974, 1.03 Angeles limes By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON --The cosl of healing homes and buildings with natural gns will skyrocket next winter, because Ihe giant oil companies allegedly have withheld news of major discoveries in order to . drive up prices. . ' Â· In a secret report to Chairman Warren Magnuson, D- Wash., the Senate Commerce Committee staff has suggested that the oil companies are "simply lying'.' about the available gas. "Having succeeded in tripling prices for oil In little over a year," charges the report, "Ihe oil Industry Is evidently determined to match its achievement on the natural gas side.of its business." . Â· Not only have t h e - o i l com- 'panics indulged in "false reporting of the success of offshore drilling" in order to boost rates, suggests the report, but the Federal Power Commission lias "done its best to appease the producers" at the expense of the consumers. The FPC. which fixes the rates consumers pay for natural gas. is supposed to protect them from profiteering. But President Nixon Installed as chairman a reluctant regulator named John Nassikas, who has helped the oil companies increase their gas profits. We proved this in 1971 from documents that he had keept under lock and key. Meanwhile, here's what has been going on in Louisiana's fabulously rich offshore gas fields: From 1969 through 1971. the oil companies found gas from The Washington Merry-Go-Round 7.9 to 0.4 per cent of the time when they made exploratory drillings. Then in 1972. Just as Ihe FPC began preparing Its findings in a rate case, the success ratio dropped dramatically to 2.4 per cent. Â· In 1973, it plummeted all the way down to'one per cent, even though offshore, drilling was producing as high as 24.2 per Â· cent success in other parts of the country. "Either the oil industry has . entirely lost the ability to locate new deposits of...gas in the most promising territory." states the secret r e p o r t with brutal simplicity, "or it, is simply lying about what it has found. The first explanation seems extremely unlikely. "The less success the Industry shows in its exploration, the higher the price it can demand for its gas." the report points out. Once the price Is set, new developmental wells may produce "prolific quantities" in.the same areas where exploratory w e l l s "reportedly found nothing." Even the FI'C's natural gas planning chief. Gordon Zarcski, conceded to us that he has "never seen such a gross aberration" as the figures submitted by the oil companies, qn their Louisiana drillings. v The day after we inquired at the FPC why they had accepted the oil indiislry's figures without any question, the FPC . suddenly dispatched a letter of explanation to Magnuson. The American Petroleum In- stitute, which furnished the FPC with the dubious figures, defended them, 'A spokesman told ust "Some years you hit it and some years you don't. Nobody would like to find gas more than we would. It has been very disappointing." Footnote: Like the FPC, the Federal Energy Administration relies on the oil industry like a blind man relies on his seeing eye dog; The FEA is preparing, for example, to slop allocating residual fuel sfor 90 days. This will benefit Exxon, which now controls the .lion's share of the home heating market in the Northeast. With the dropping of the allocation program. Exxon won't have to supply small, independent competitors. The manager of the FEA's residual fuels section, who helped draft the decision to end the allocation program, is John Vernon. He came to FEA from Exxon. , .Vernon insisted to us. nevertheless, that he had "no significant input" inito the decision Â· benefitting Exxon. He had servered "all ties" with Exxon and "absolutely did not have" a conflict of interest, he said. "I lock at my Job like I Joined the Army," he said. "I'm sworn to defend my country." WASHINGTON WHIRL: An Investigation last year found that 2B states had misused $43 million in federal, funds earmarked to help educate poor- children. Now. a year later, only $50,000 has been repaid by What Others Say... TOO HASTY Haste usually makes waste in state government, just as it does elsewhere. A n d , that's what might well be in the mak- . ing because of action in Little Rock by the Legislative Council. The Council voted, with rather too much haste we feel, to approve issuance of $75.7 million in tax-exempt bonds for construction of a complex of new buildings on the stale capilol grounds. Of this sum, $11.5 million will go to pay interest on the bonds, .$6 million will be for debt service reserve, and $1.6 million will pay for bond issue expenses. The estimated annual cost of the debt will be approximately S5.4 million. Put another way, this will be the most expensive construction program in Arkansas history on the capitol grounds. We were much interested to note that Senator Ivan Rose of Rogers voted to approve the expenditure and Senator Morriss Henry of Fayettevllle voted against approval. We commend Senator Henry for his vote. Now, as the apparent haste with which the approval was voted, this aspect was brought up by more than one member of the Legislative Council. Effort was made by opponents of the quick vote to hold off a Council decision until August 22. They pointed out that they hadn't been afforded sufficient opportunity to study the specific cost figures. Senator Max Howell of Jacksonville went so far as to charge intimidation, and he declared that since this would be the largest bond issue in the state's history he wanted more lime to talk with constituents and fellow legislators. There were questions, too, concerning the possible financial advantages of the state's buying available buildings In Little Rock, rather than constructing new ones at the Capi- tol. We feel that such questions were pertinent, and they deserve to be subjected to public examination and discussion. The State Senate learned just recently that the Arkansas citizenship is acutely aware of actions in the Senate that aren't at all pleasing to the public. We refer, of course, to the "Mutt" Jones matter, and the reversal of action once senators had got back home and came face-to-fade, with irate taxpayers. The lesson should be taken to heartnot only by state senators amr'represenlstives, but by, chiefs of the various agencies of state government. Senator John Bearden of Leachville, in commenting on the hasty action of a majority of the Council on the Bonds, declared, "I have serious doubts we went about this in the right way." Senator J. A. (Dooley) Womack of Camden made an even stronger comment. "I think we'd be better off to let all 135 members (of the General Assembly) decide this," he said. "I feel sure this thing is going to gel Into trouble on funding. We gave them (the Public Building Authority) a blank check to spend $74 and probably $120 million." Hopefully the Legislative Council will reconsider its recent vote and give the people of Arkansas full opportunity to understand what's contemplated and what is actually will cost, and to express their feelings. Arkansas Taxpayers deserve nothing less. GROWING AGAIN The South is rising again, and Arkansas is at the front of that whole movement. That's what the Census Bureau tells us. A new estimate of population gains from the official 1970 census through July 1, 1973, shows Arkansas with a 5.9 per cent increase in population,' From 1,923,295 to 2,037,000. Tennessee, by contrast, gained 5.2 per cent, while Mississippi gained 2.9 per cent. The national growth rate was 3.3 per cent. Several things are significant about this growth: (1) It occurred at a lime when population increases across the country were leveling off and, in some places, decreasing. The post-Depression mobility that has characterized the population since the 1930's has almost slopped. California, for instance, grew at a rale of 23.9 per Ihousand in the 1960s but dropped to 9.8 per thousand In ' the 1970s. (2) Census experts believe that the out-migration of blacks from the Southern states has slowed down dramatically, Indicating that equal job opportunities are finally becoming a reality. That is a welcome sign. We hope it will never again be necessary for a black family to leave his home In Arkansas to go off to California or Illinois looking for a decent Job. (3) While Ihe growth in population is welcme and can only bring new economic prosperity of Arkansas, it challenges us to set and abide by standards that prevent our getting tangled up in a poor quality of life other states have gotten into. We can't afford to let Little Rock. Fort Smith, Pine Bluff or El Dorado become a Philadelphia, Newark. Detroit or Cairo, 111. We want our cities to look and live better than ever. And we can't afford to let our rural areas be sliccd- through with poorly planned and administered housing or commercial developments. In short, we are now at a lime in Arkansas when we're finally up front, with the commensurate responsibility to prove that we deserve to bo there. four stales. Instead of repaying the federal treasury, slates have been given the option of using the misspent funds for new local programs to help dls- ndvantagcd students. But only two slates have expressed Interest in 'reapplying the Tnoney lor this purpose...A closed-door conclave has concluded that some 12 .million of America's ' 72 million cals and dogs are destroyed annually in control centers. Another IS million are estimated to be at large, some in wild dog p a c k s , ; others carrying disease, but most of them merely suffering fro mex- posure and starvation. The pet experts recommended Increased s p a y i n g , castration a n d rsearch on birth control measures... . Â·Â·Â· The FBI has busted a Washington "spy shop" whose pro^ prlelor, Robert Dorsen, claims that G-men were, among his steadiest customers.' Under. Â« 1968 privacy law, the agents seized some miniature microphones and telephone taping devices. An FBI spokesman said the bureau's records show no purchases from Dorsen's German Hi-Fi Center, although Individual agents may have patronized the place...Our exposes of microwave damage, to radar operators caused the Veterans Administration finally to give benefits to two ex-GI radar men. Now we are happy to report that the L a b o r Department has given a similar award to a Federal Aviation. Administration specialist, Chris Speros of Allanta, whose cataracts resulted from his federal radar work, One Of The World's Sore Spots WASHINGTON (ERR) -ThÂ» news from South Korea must give pause to American GI's Â·who once fought there In "defense of freedom." Almost daily there is some new account ol repression. Students,'professors, political foes and even clergymen are being jailed, and visiting journalists say they are harassed for reporting what the censored South Korean press cannot. It is in these conditions that South Korea observes Its Liberation Dny, Aug. 15. marking the country's deliverance from Japanese rule at the close of World War n. The irony Is not lost on Korean Intellectuals who, as early as last fall, wen being quoted as saying they were experiencing the worst repression they bad undergone since the Japanese departed. P O L I T I C A L FREEDOM seems forever to elude the Korean people, regardless of which nationality or person happens to hold power at any given time. Centuries of ChincEC domination gave way to Japanese control after the Sirio- Japanese War of 1894-95. Then . with Japan's defeat in 1945 came the division of ; Korea, along the 38th parallel, into 3 Communist-controlled north aid an ostensibly democratic South. For most of the intervening years, South Korea's demonrt- lic trappings have not disguised the existence of virtual one-man rule, first by Dr. Syngman Rhee and then, since 1561, by Park Chung Hee. "It is traditional Ideas of Chinese Ideas of government, with their emuha- sis on paternalism, obedlenca and state power rather than individual rights, that provide the rationale for President Park Chung Hee's current wave ol politicsal arrests and trials," New York Times correspondent Fox Butterfleld recently wrote from Seoul.' And yet, dissent flourishes. Donald Kirk, writing in the New Leader, recalled that students were instrumental in Syngmtn Unee's overthrow 14 years ago and the installation of Park as his successor a year later. Today they are the cutting edge of the anti-Park movement, which is said to be rooted in the middle class and especially in the country's Christian minority. T H E UNITED STATES government is a decidedly u n : comfortable third party. Rep Donald M. Fraser (D Minn )' a House Foreign Affairs subcommittee chairman, argued recently that in deciding the level of military assistance to South Korea. "We should have not only taken into account the threat of aggression by lha North Koreans, but the fact that our assistance strengthens the South Korean government's ability to oppress Its own people. Jeorome Cohen, .director of East Asian Studies at Harvard supports that point of view Americans have been told for nearly thirty years by our highest authorities that the purpose of American aid to Korea...was to defend democracy there." he said. "Yet South Korea today is not only no democratic state- its decrees mark It as more ferociously anti-democratic ami intolerant of its citizens than is Â· even the Soviet Union." Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger responded that South Korea, despite "taking actions we would not have recommended, remains too crucial to the security of -East Aaia .for the United States to discern- tmue economic and military aid Such aid has amounted lit ?i'Â«n"iÂ« lnce the Korean War (1950.53) and a continuous American troop presence, which today numbers about 38 000 men. Like Germany in Europe Korea seems fated by history, and geography to play forever the role of world trouble spot.