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In Solving Northern Ireland's Problems Northwest Arkansas TIMES, Sun., Aug. 11, 1974 FAYETTEVILLE, ARKANSAS SA To W/iat Avail Are Papers, Deaths, Marches, Hanger Strikes BELFAST, Northern Ireland (AP) -- Five years it is now since the British army arrived to keep Protestants and Catholics from mutilating each other in Northern Ireland, and where, as Sean O'Casey asked in his play "Shadow of the Gunman," has anything gotten anyone? To what avail all the white papers and changes in government, all the defiance and marches, Protestant parades and hunger, strikes, the building and burstirtg of the barricades, the weapon sweeps and the internments with and without trial, and all the death and destruction? A merchant speaks, Jim McKenna, surveying the bomb- cratered city center of Armagh, St. Patrick's ancient cathedra! town; "You might say we are back to square one. Except- that square is not there any more. It's been blown away." A Catholic priest speaks, Fa. ther Fernando Carbery of the Ardoyne Chapel where more than 100 parishioners, including two young girls, have been "lifted" by the British and in terned at the Long Nesh' cam] on suspicion of'Irish Republi can Army activities: "The women have had tin hardest time of it; getting on each other's nerves all day aril afraid to go out at nights. Since the sectarian assassination started, if the man of the hous is 15 minues late home fror work or stops off at one of th two pubs left around here, they are on the phone to the priest and the neighbors in a tola janis. You wouldn't believe th pill popping that goes 01 around here." 1 Â·Â· A Protestant leader speaks Harry Murray, the shipyar shop steward who organized th 10-day Ulster Workers' Counc strike recently that brought th province to its knees and top pled the Catholic-Protestan power-sharing government coa lition: CAN'T EA TTRICOLOE "Has anything been achieve because of all the deaths her in the past five years? It's tim for the politicians to get bac Â· to the bread and butter issue You can't eat the tricolor of th republic or the Union Jack. Th violence is destroying us nori and south because people \v:" not invest in Ireland." . A British soldier speak Corp. William Jones ot B Coi any, Royal Regiment of ales, on his fourth tour in Uler, going all the way back to ugust 1963 when he slepl in a urned-out bus and didn't know vho was bloody who": "Five years leaves you tone eat to insults. There can't be ny new curse words 1 haven't card. Time leaches you to eep oh your-Iocs. You learn ot to pose for a sniper when omeone slops you with a ques- on. You know something is ooking if the kids have sud- enly gone from the streets; nd not to go near a parked ve- icle that wasn't there before he gunmen keep gelling ounger -- 14 and 15 som o! lem --and less expert. Bui ii oesn't pay to take them for ranted." A social worker speaks, the :ev. Sydney Callaghan, head o The Samaritans," a volunteer rganization that ventures inti oth Catholic and Protestan nclaves at any hour to aid thi uicidal and despairing: "The' surprising thing is tha he suicide rate and the intaki jt the mental hospitals in Bel ast has actually gone dow ince Ihe troubles resumed. Th isychialrisls say Ihis is norma --whatever that means.-- fo i wartime situation. SAD COMMENTARY "It's a sad commentary an a spin-off from our limes tha he less adequate feel more ful illed in a disturbed situation The heartening thing is that th 'hello areas demonstrate in ense community concern. If a old age pensioner gets the wir dows blown out in a bom jlast, the young people ar around next morning to pain and plaster. Surely, there something worth building here if we can ever gel il a sorted out." Five characters in possessio of a tragedy and in search of solulion. But in the grim dram of tormented Ulster, death ha all the best lines. From Aug. 14, 1969, whe British troops arrived to kee Ihe peace between Protestan Loyalists and activist Cathol cum-Republicans in the no forgotten civil rights hiarche 1,045 people have been kille including 218 soldiers and 54 p licemen. Sectarian murders, newer phase in the IRA gue rilla campaign and its atten ing Prole slant backlash, ha claimed the lives of 149 Oath lies and 78 Proleslanls. In the past five years the vernment has paid out more an $180 million in property amage claims and $20 million r personal injuries, much of it mergency money to 'get the opkeeper and the factory vner back in business. Thou- ands of more claims are pend- g. The devastation which began ith the burning of Belfast's nen mills and warehouses and ft Derry without a single ho- el and only the shell of a shop- .ng center has now wrecked ewry, Strabane, Armagh, ungannon and Downpalrick. iny Belleek, a hot spot right the border, now looks as ra'gile as its famous china- are. "Out of 15 villages in my con- tituency I doubt whether there s one that has not been bomb- d, and the first six months of his year have been the worst ver," asserted hardline Prot- stant leader John Taylor, who s calling for an armed home [uard of 30,000 volunteers as a 'third force to assist the army ind police against terrorists." $1 MILLION The Europa Hotel, Belfast's argest, .marked its third year business a few weeks ago vith damage claims passing he $3 million mark, which is about one-third of what it cost o erect the 300-room showplace. Northern Ireland came into leing half a century a'go as an artificial entity to reconcile the lolitical aspirations of its one million Protestants. T h e y 'eared Rome and remained steadfastly loyal to the British crown while half-a-million Catholics, mostly of Celtic origin, romantically if not always actively identified with the Irish Republican Army's dream of a free united Ireland. The new troubles :erupted in late 1968 with a series of civil rights marches on behalf of Ulster's Catholic minority, which complained of years of coming off second best in jobs and housing and elective representation. The protest turned to bloody riots and Protestant extremists, who looked upon every concession as a sellout to Rome, broke up the demonstrations and marched into the ghettoes of Belfast and Londonderry, burning and beating. Perhaps a third of the people' in Northern Ireland, especially in the upper middle-class suburbs and the heavily Protestant towns, have never heard a shot fired. But in the ghelloes, shootings are an everyday occurence. On Aug. 9, 1971, the day internment began, 198 houses were burned out in Farringdon Gardens, a mixed Catholic and Protestant neighborhood neai the Ardoyne Chapel. Despite the daily devastation in Ulster there are slill pockets of cooperation among the mu tually suspicious sects. The courageous fire brigade, the ai ibulance corps and the public leallh nurses still answer emergency calls anywhere in Belfast regardless of their own jelicfs. All kinds of ironies mark the :ive-year struggle. In prim, proper Belfast, that gray Victorian cily, massage parlors have sprung up lo soolhc the bomb- burdened businessman. W i I h the security forces busy huul- ing for bombs, smuggling and poteen making have become growth industries and cock fighting has made a big come back in the countryside. There has been a marked in crease in venereal disease, po smoking and juvenile van dalism, yet in the 'ghetto area hildren do better in school be cause there is no place to go at nights. They learn olhcr, more clhal lessons, like how to lobule an army armored car jy winding the barbed-wire coil hat sits on the bumper around the axle. The latesl in an endless series of solutions lo the Irish problem calls for a constitutional convention some time in the next six months or perhaps later for the people ol Ulster to decide for themselves what lo do with themselves. Bu.t since the Protestants, in an unprecedented display o solidarity, swept 11 of the 12 Ulster seals in the London Par iamenl in the last elcclions mrt locked arms to lie up Ihe H'ovincc in the subsequent general slrike, Ihe CaUiolic com- nunily is more apprehensive .hau ever about ils fulurc under Ireland's Orange majority rule. FEARS INCREASING And while Ihe Irish army, as distinguished from Hie outlawed IRA. is patrolling the bordct more effectively againsl arms smuggling, the Dublin government increased traditioaa Protestant fears of rule from Rome when Premier Liam Cos grave crossed the floor of the parliament to vole with the op position and help defeat his own party's bill to legalize con- raceplives. Protestant leaders talk more and more of establishing a separate country of Ulster, on a commonwealth basis if necessary, as the clamor grows in England, which has suffered its own bombs at the Tower of London and elsewhere, to pull the troops' out of Ireland. TRI-LAKES ANTENNA Sales and Service New Used Antennas Color Â· Black White Boosters Â· Towers Free Estimates 751-7927 751-84* 75I-02S7 OPEN DAILY 9-10; SUNDAY CLOSED MONDAY Charge f Card 'What a fine mess you're making, bird!' Even A Saturday Day Begins Early For New President By SAUL PETT WASHINGTON (AP) -- A 1 new day. : The commuter at 514 Crown View Drive in Alexandria, Va., awoke shortly before 6 a.m. and, in baby blue summer pajamas, boiled the water for his le*, cut the melon and toasted the English muffin. Slill in his pajamas, he popped his head out the front door looking for the morning paper. Not there yet. Thirty minutes later, he popped out again. Still no paper. The Washington Posl, which had never charmed the 37th President of the United States, was now getting off on the wrong foot with the 38th. Finally, at 6:40, Shelley Deming, 14, arrived in a car driven by her father. She apologized to reporters for the late delivery explaining that "the circulation man was late." And so Gerald Rudolph Ford had his morning paper. At 7:20, Saturday or not, Gcr lid Ford left the house to go to work. Outside he chatled with neighbors. "How do you like being Pres- dent?" "Great so far. It's very nice." "When are you going to move nlo Ihe While House?" "I didn'l ask yesterday. I felt t would not be very appropriate." Yesterday Ihe old tenants were still there. The Fords don't expect to gel into their new place until next week. Back on Crown View Drive, someone asked President Ford for his autograph and provided paper and pencil. He obliged, slarled to pocket the pencil, smiled sheepishly and returned it to ils rightful owner. A few minutes later, Gerald Ford left his brick colonial, the one with the bulletproof windows that were taken from the old Spiro T. Agnew place lasl December. The traffic was light. The commuter in the big black car got lo his office in 15 minules Monday it'll probably take onger to get in from Alexan dria. By 10 a.m. he was silling down wilh his Cabinel which until midday Friday was Rich ard Nixon's Cabinet. For his first meeting with the Cabinel, Gerald Ford wore a semi-loud suit, plaid with very wide lapels. Opposite him at the table was an empty chair, the one he has to fill soon, the one he occupied at the last Cabinet meetiifg Tuesday as vice president. Ford made easy small talk while photographers took pictures. He chatted easily, smoothly, unlike the self-conscious lunges of the man before him. He looked comfortable in Ihe chair, in the place, in the job. He looked more relaxed in his second day than Richard Nixon did during and after his 2,027 days. He looked up and smiled at the reporters. They no longer felt like uninvited guests who had to be watched near Ihe silver, K mart Blasts Rising Prices with these Fonfosf/c Discounfs SEAMLESS NYLON PANTYHOSE Our Reg. 97$ 76* 2 Days Only Sheer stretch pantyhose in natural shades. Seamless. S/M, MT/T. Womens Denim BUCKLE SCUFF Reg. 3.37 2 23 SALE ON LINGERIE 44 Your ChoiCB Our Regular 1.78-7.97 1 2 Days Only Mentionables that matter most, at one low price! Stretch nylon bra/bikini sets. Control briefs; boy-leg stretchables-bras. S-XLsizes. 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