Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on March 5, 1952 · Page 4
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March 5, 1952

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 4

Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Wednesday, March 5, 1952
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S, uipfli «T«rmtrlT rtraUeVUIa OlUr Denec'ftn. . Publiiktd dailr *xc*Pl B«nd» kr . . ' , FAYETTEVILLE DEMOCRAT PUBLISHING COMPANY .Roberta Fulbffcjbl, PneMMl __ ,~" ' Foundtd~Juiu li'-llM Entered at the post 'office' at Fayettevllle, Ark., 'as Socoiid-Clast Mall Matter. ·(· E. ciirhirt/'vic. Sii-G«n»nl Managei ·;.-: ' .' T»J a^,.,..., _. THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Ausoclalod Pres's li exclusively entitled to * the use for republlcallon of all news dispatches j credited to It or not otherwise credited In thll C paper and also the local newt published herein. i All rights of republlcatlon of special die* patches herein are also reserved. . , ' ~ ~ ' , SUBSCRIPTION RATM . '" U»ll ra'w In Wwhlntlon'. Beriton,. aiadlwaj telill- tin Ark.' and Adair countyi Oklir · · Onf m.T.Ui '*? Thief month! . TM--««....·!.·· t MalVln counUei'o'thfr'thVn'above! 1 On jF 1 Ol s-^__ )(ir ntcntf. · ...^ ........ .--- ........11.10 "hr«^ monlhi . , ----·----rK'JS ilx mohth^ ..., --...;.. . H.w iw ,t». ..... ..^.......................... M.OO "'AirmaiO parabli in advane* M.mbiir Audit Bureau ef Circulation! i I-know-thai-the Lord will maintain the cause of the afflicted, and the right of the poor.--Psalms 140:12 France Fearful . .. The future of Western Europe's defense program appears brighter. Most of the credit'must go to the recently ended rneetinr pf the : North Atlantic Treaty Organization c'ouncil at Lisbon., , ': Some of the council's accomplishments, 'however, look better on paper than they are in reality. For instance,'the plan for about 50 combat:ready,'divisions by the "end..of this year.·SornVmilitary authorities believe a fiftjire of about half that would be more realistic..;.. ; ; ' ' · A n d , w h i l e council members themselves · have come to productive agreement on the most important points,'final approval ntlll , must come from their respective countries. And (lint CHIV cause time-ticnsumlriff bickering, if. not downright, balking. ; Who pays for what is still a major ob-. silicic in the grant arms program? Some of the European countries are hard up, to put it mildly. France is a good example. The. United States, already shouldering a great financial burden In Europe, has agreed to give France another ?400,000,- OpO f o r rearmament. · ' ' . - , · · . Perhaps the : most; striking aspect of the current European defense picture-is the sudden rise of Germany, mortal enemy of most NATO countries only seven years ago, as an important column in the defense structure. West Germany Is to pay $2,670,000,000 a year toward the Western Europe defense program, subject to possible adjustments by the Bprin government. The way has tilso^bcpn ;pnen,ed £pr fiernjajiy once again to;bcg|pi.Bfol(iiig T up. tjcr.great war industries. JiisT whai amis T?ho will be allowed to produce^hadn't, .been completely ironed out. S. ,' '· "" And Theodor Blank, military adviser to West -Germany's Adenauer, lias told the Germans' they arc to have a draft to raise 300,000 to 400,000 troops for the European army. The agreements which elevate Germany to a'place of cqunl footing in the European army were not arrived at without a lot of compromises with her ancient cncmv. Franco. · . , .The United States and Britain had to give France assurances that Germany will 'not be allowed tn dominate the Rnro^ian army, or to pull her forces out of it when he cleascs. . : France rcrtainly cannot be blamed for feelinir as she rlqes. In fact, political news from West Germany seems to bear.out the fear of France and olliern that tolerance foHhe principles of Nazrisni is not dead; , "LI. R. Uijrh Commtasinner McCloy, in a nuarlcrly report to the Slate Department ·from Bonn, warns of coming "disaster" unless a halt is put to rising German na- tlonaliBm and the actions of Nazi-like par- tie?. Certainly not all Germany's sins are ntoned for'by her entry into the European army. Wade Jones . ·* I could not love thcc, dear, so much, Lov'd I not honour more.--Richard Lovelace · THE WASHINGTON Merry-Go-Round ·r one* St. Thomas, Virgin Islands-- On a mountain tup looking out over the Inland-studded Caribbean Is a stone bench labeled "Drake's Seat," where Sir Frauds Drake Is supposed to have eat and "watched Jor pirates and the Spanish fleet In those days, long before dicsel-propollcd chips, airplanes, or such modern detectors 'as radar. On that scat, many years ago, my father used .to/nit when he was the first civil governor ot the Virgin Islands, looking out over the Caribbean trying to chart a more prosperous economy fron! the ruins of abandoned nufiar mills and the rum distilleries that were no rhore. ' The problem of prosperity was Inlrly simple in Francis Drake's day, Hlfl fleet merely lurked in the channel between St. Thomas and the British island of Tortola and pounced on Spanish galleons loaded will) gold tc they started back to Spain. Or, later, British and Danish planters merely Imported "more African slaves for their sugar fields and reaped t wealth which made that area one of the most prosperous In the world; . But the British fleet which once marie these islands wealthy also contributed to their downfall. When it blockaded France during * l h o Nspoleonlc \vars. Napoleon developed beet sugar. Th»t, plus tlie end of slavery, plus the purchase of the Virgin Islands from Denmark' .by "Woodrow Wilson in 1017, plus oil-burning vessels which no longer need dock at St. Thomas for coal, left these islands poverty stricken and hopeless, with the Negro population seething with unrest. * . . * * * . It was at. this point, tt the height of the Hoover depression, that my father took over. Herbert Hoover, who appointed him, made one visit to the Islands, publicly branded them "«n effective pborhoUso" and went back to worry about things closer to home. That was in 1931. The problem of reviving those bankrupt 'Inlands eventually broke my father. Me left the Islands four years later, criticized and reviled. The white, plantation owners conspired against him. 'The Negro politicians lampooned hjm. IP. Wat even accused of stealing four bags of cement. * * * ' But sometimes . those who are reviled the most eventually are revered the most, and last week I was Invited back to St. Thomas to dedicate the first public housing project in these inlands. I), was named the "Paul M, Pearson Gardens" In father's honor, : . I I'.'l not been In the Islands for 21 years. 'Frankly, I hud no! wanted to no there. Though my father was. not embittered by the treatment which brought an early end to his life, I was. I - had no desire to return. I 'w«s glad, however, that I did. All over tile Islnnds «ro landmarks to the dreams that father dreamed, the dreams he made come true. St. Thomas, where he laid the 'groundwork for ft new tourist trade, is now teeming with vliltors, The old pirate's den-- Bluebird Castle --which he bought on behalf of the government and turned into a hotel, Is so crowded you can't got In. In his day, private enterprise wouldn't gamble on the tourist trade; hcnnc father's move in remodeling Bluebird Castle. But today the enterprising firm of-Kessler ami Helm has put ^llp the magnificent Virgin Island Hotel, while a ·dozen others have blossomed forth all over the Islands. ' * * * Halt the population of SI. Crolx was Unemployed when father took over. The three Danish augar mills were closed and the Red 'Cross had sent down from Washington to. feed the people. But last week I saw the factory, run by the Virgin Islands corporation which he organized, belching smoke and gulping truckloads of sugar cane as fast as they could be hauled in. And I couldn't help remembering, as I watched a giant crane heap sugar cane in the maw of the mill, how the local plantation owners scoffed at father's organization of this cooperative company. Yet doing an excellent Job .of running It today is the son of the big plantation owner who most opposed it. + * + 1 still found some diehards who wrnnp their hands over "Pearson policies." They didn't like the fact that he put across universal suffrage In the Islands, removed the requirement that only property owners could vote. A few even deplored the fact that educational standards had risen, that new schools had been built, that father had persuaded Tuskegee Fisk University, Howard, Hampton and -other Negro colleges in the North to grant scholarships to Virgin Islands 'teachers, most of whom then lacked even high-school training. But even the dlehards admitted he had done ".good job on such things as the Virgin Islands National Bank and the V.I. Cooperative which now sells thousand's of straw hats, handbags and nttlve mats annually. Danish curf»;ncy and a Danish bank still dominated the finances of the islands when father took over. But after long haggling with the RFC, father finally floated a $150,000 loan to establish an All-American National Bank. It took him weeks to persuade the RFC to p«rt with a -mere $160,000. On' top of this he had to sell $25,000 shares of stock locally. Tills was like pulling teeth. Local businessmen Just did not want to Invest In the islands. Finally, by his own personal solicitation he sold the bank stock -- for $50 3 share. Last week that same stock of the Virgin Islnnds National They'll Do It Every Time i^^^^^ftJMTW W TR»J' ^^ ^.··roevE.METiTEu. .·-- «*. ' By Jimmy Ratio FANS ARC. .THE OMLVTHlrJS ME F EVEKl RSHTVJS W AIL ALIKE! EVB? GOT RIGHT V/AS I AT THE SAMS V-IH ONLV THE XDORESS OF THE/TIME-BUT SK5MOUTH / \ I JklHUDi O\Aj(»lJT jrl WOtJL-DfjT CVCW BELIEVE THE ·. ONESJUI TCU.IfJC5 TCW-^^. RECORD BOOK.'/jN* LOSE" NOPE-I NEVER OP RSHT716ER RUPP-XXI MOW tWffi IT MIXEP UP MTU ! cWr TBU. IU.SETOM r SOT THE recisoJ" 1 REMEMBER ft L\*£ I ALWAYS 4.y~rMlMTTHE FBHTERS TWIT'S PUNCH/-ITS THE Where the Flying Fishes Play Bank sold for $183 a share! It's been earning, a dividend of 10 per cent. + * * After father, loft the Virgin Islands in 1935 he became public housing administrator under PWA, That was long before the.Taft public' housing act-and it took a lot of pioneering to put,, slum clearance across, in California, for instance, a law banned any help from federal funds for public housing, and father undertook to persuade the legislature to change the law. After a month of shuttling between Sacramento and Sm^nuiciscn, he succeeded. The law was revoked. A few days later, father died. A letter he left asked that no marker be placed on his Brave. He wanted only to be remembered in the hearts of men. So his ashes \vere scattered off the Golden Gate. But today, oft the blue waters of the Caribbean, is being erected the Virgin' Islands' first public housing project. And I know nothing would, have pleased him more than to have these buildings for the humble and the poor named the Paul M. Pearson Gardens, as a memorial to him and the people he tried tb help. (Fayeltevlllc Daily Democrat, March 5, 1922) Five prizes for rat tails to be brought to the American Railway Express Company Saturday, were announced today by A. P. Bartley, chairman o'f the Chamber of Commerce committee on rodent extermination, which will launch local war on rats next Saturday. The five-fold adjusted compensation bill now before Congress was endorsed by the Lynn Shelton Post, American Legion, at a mass meeting of the Post and other interested citizens, held Sunday afternoon nt the Chamber of Commerce rooms. Twenty Years A«o Today (t'aycttcville Daily Democrat, March 5, 1932) A 42 degree drop in temperature overnight, accompanied by rain and a light snow, killed peach and plum blooms, but did not- injure apples or grapes. Blackberries were thought nipped. Strawberry blooms were killed but this will not affect the crop since the plants will bloom again. A collection of all kinds of interesting Indian articles will be on display all day Monday under auspices of the Moore's Gift Shop, in the Washington Hotel. P. H. Venable, Indian trader of New Mexico, will be in charge of the display and tell the stories incident to the different articles, which include, woven rugs, many varieties of strings of beads, some estimated over 200 years old and taken from mounds of the Navajo nation,-belts, rings and so forth. Ten Years A»« Today (Northwest Arkansas Times, March 5, 194Z) An inspection of Fayetteville plants with possible sub-letting of defense production contrasts in view, will be held Friday. The inspection will include the surveying of machinery of the plants to see if the machines can be used in production of any defense materials. Following the government 1 ; call upon, elementary schools 'to assume responsibility in the initiatory steps towards th Federal Sugar Rationing Program, the state commissioner of cd- Lration has issued to county snpervisors and school superintendents instructions on procedures, as set up by the Office of Price Administration and the Office of Education. Questions And Answers Q--Who founded tlie first social settlement? A--Men of Oxford University founded the first social settlement in London in 1884. The institution was known as Toynbee Hall. It grew out of the work begun by Arnold Toynbee in the crowded Whitechapel district of London. Q--What is sidereal time? A---It is star time. It is measured by the rotation of the earth in relation to the stars. Sidereal time measures the actual spin of the earth, separate and apart from its orbital rotation about the sun. THE; sronvt ahonir^inrr .TIM Orlh. · private drlrclfrt, arrlvrs Ht tkf. horn* «f Stockbroker Mar- ·rr Cravatb to lnvr*ilitHt« two ' all*mpt» am Cravatk'a llrr, Amr* Warkirtoa l Coatd dm* ml fanl ·I · ellll on l.onn I»l»4 Sound. AM**, «·« ot C'rarath'* MrtHcri. ··d torn · vnv*t MNd had ···»- tmtlr lf)lr* »r timr'd Iran !·». f*ek Path, abort. Haw Sladrn. Cravam'a arrrctarr. and Jark !!·- MOMt, ···ihrr itnrtnrr, And Wnr- ··Ma»»a watoa nrar tat body. Tar ««lck aroloatlT tad ·»· mttf A WATCH, Indeed, lay at Dave " Sladden's feet. Or the remain of ( watch,'for it now was a bat tered mass of metal. Slnden stooped to pick it up, but I grabbci his shoulder. "Better not touch anything," : t said, "before the police get here.' He shot me a who-arc-you-to- glve-orders look, but he straightened up without touching th ·watch, Dumont said, snapping off his torch, "That's Ames Warburton's watch, all right. I saw him fiddling with it in the office the olhc day? It was then decided that Cravath and Dumonl would remain with the body. Shitlcn, Snlly nnd I were to go buck to the house where Slndcn would call the police, Cravath made these arrangements and I wns in no position to Interfere. Nonetheless, 1 would rather have stayed with Crnvath. Tlie three of us negotiated that steep climb back to Wlndovcr and scarcely a word .was said on the way. At the house, Sladen disnp pcnred immediately to do his phoning and Sally went upstairs to inform Eve Wheeler of tht tragedy, Tho police come finally nnd I kept In the background. Mariton Cravath and Dumont talked to them .briefly in the living room and went with them while, I supposed, tht officers exarhlned the ground at the end of the Peacock Puth and the medical examiner «Mwtl DM body MI IM mcki. Ai BO on* paid the illjihUit attcnUoo to me, I slipped up to my room and waited. Cravath came arouni 4 o'clock. With him was the gaunt woman who'd talked to him slightly like a Dutch aunt on the grounds. She didn't look so gaunt now, fully dressed in respectable and elderlj black. But her eyes were sharp behind steel-rimmed specs. · · · R the second time I walked into Cravath's trophy-littered sanctum. The gaunt woman ensconced herself immediately upon a slralghtbacked chair. She put her feet together and assumed a no-nonsense expression which, 1 thought, practically came natural to her. Cravath said, without any attempt to explain why I, (he latest of the guests, should be with him in his holy-of-holies at such a time, "Mrs. Ring--Mr. Orth. Mrs. Ring has something to say, Orlh." I nodded to bar, hut interposed, 'What's the police verdlc(, so far?" Cravath gestured Impatiently. 'Either accident or suicide, they don't know which. There'll be an inquest, however. But I'm cer- aln"--all at once though, despite its florldncss end fullness ot face, Marston Cravath looked haggard and old--"that they'll bring In a verdict of accidental death." He said It quccrly, like a man vhoic lips wore all set to whistle wst a graveyard; And the Ring woman, prim on her uncomfortable chair, seemed to catch the quecrncss In his voice, even as I !ld myself. She uttered · kind of ubducd, and rcipectablt, snort. / "Accident?" Her mouth curledr i don't believe it." Cravath smiled, "Mri. Ring Is a om«n of definite opinions. She's cn hero . . . how many yean Is t, Rlnit" "Forty-one," Mrs. Ring takt And this Isn't opinion. 1 know vhat I saw." She paused, as if to let that weighty moun«m*nt rink In. 'I'm. t po*r tleeptr and last night I didn't sleep any better than I Usually do. I woke up in the night. Don't ask me what time it was, because I didn't look. Well, I got up and sat at the window. The moon kept popping in and but from behind clouds. It was out when I saw the man climb the fence. It was Ames Warburton, of course, but I didn'J recgonize him then. He got onto that little strip of ground between the fence and the cliff. He took a step or two forward and bent down. Then, just as he was straightening up the -- the thinf pushed him over the cliff." "Thing? What, thing?" housekeeper shrugged. "How should I know? But whatever it was, it seemed to sort of carry Mr. Warburton in front of it 1 saw him stagger and throw out hit hands, as If he were trying to grab something and hold himself back. But there wasn't anything to grab. And he wst too elate to 'the edge. He juit . . . went over." "Pushed? 1 ; I put in. "Yeu're sure about that, Mrs. Ring?" She regarded me bleakly through ier specs. "I'm sure about nothing. young man. I'm only telling you how it seemed to me. But vou're probably thinking that Mr. Warburton stumbled." She was even sharper than she looked. I had been thinking something like that. "Well, he didn't. It was too luick, too-- er, violent. I believe hat something either pushed or struck him, hard. And that," she c5mpresscd thin lips, "is every- hlng I can tell you." "I take it," I pursued, somewhat lensclcssly, "that you didn't see hls.thlng that struck him. I mean, rOu couldn't give us an idea about what it was." 'I didn't ice It or 1 would have old you what It wai." That Milled me, temporarily. Cravath fumed. "Humph! What wai the boy doing out there et hit time of night?" Mrs. Ring evidently considered this unworthy of rtpl. T* Be C«rilmei) By WALTM LtTTMAN* (This is the second of g series' of three articles written at my request by. Lucius Wilmerdine, Jr. They art" *h« result of several months of intensive study by Mr. Wilmerdine, who came to the subject as a recognized authority in American institutions, and particularly in American government finance. These article! deal with the central and inner problem of the control of inflation, and--though the subject is difficult--its. importance ctnnot be exaggerated. W..L.) The recent actions of the Federal Reserve -Board have displeased the friends of cheap money. They desire continuous easy credit, and they now see that Interest rates have risen since the treasury-Federal Reserve Accord of March 3, 1951. So they would like to set aside that accord and to return to the system of wartime finance under which thi Federal Reserve Board, abdi' eating its own responsibilities executed the easy money policies of the Treasury Department. The hearings "which are apoul to begin before the Patman subcommittee will give the friends of cheap money an opportunity to be heard. They can, and. they probably will,, proceed in two ways. They can try to persuade Congress that it has ' erred in making the F e d e r a l Reserve Board independent of the president and, therefore, the final administrative arbiter of monetary policy. Or they can deny : that Congress has the power to establish an office which is not, by the mere act of »its creation, 'subject to presidential direction. In this article 1 shall show that Congress does have the constitutions power to create an agency inde- oendent of the president's direction. Mr. Patman, it would appear, aelieves that the president has a constitutional power · to interfere with the decisions of all executive departments and agencies, even in matters expressly confided . by Congress to these d«- partments and . agencies exclusively. In this view it is perfectly idle for Congress to try to exempt the head of a sub-ordinate department from the president's direction. There are two ways of answering this argument. One--the least satisfactory--is to deny that it is relevant. The Federal Reserve Board,»it might be said, is not an executive department but is an agent of Congress; its members are not responsibile to the president but only to Congress; hence the president can h»ve only such control over them as Congress by statute chooses, to give him. Some support for this argument can be found in the decision of the Supreme Court in the Humphrey case. Nevertheless the argument Is a dangerous one to use. It proves too much. It can scarcely be applied to the Federal Reserve Board without claiming for Congress a general power to establish administrative agencies of its own to carry into execution the powers entrusted to Congress by the Canstitution. But if Congress can have an agent, independent of the Executive Department, to administer its laws relative to money and credit, then it can also have such an agency to help it collect the revenue and still another to regulate commerce, and so forth. The argument, as T have said, proves too much. It tends to undermine the basic principles of the donstitution in respect to the separation of powers and to the unity of the Executive Department. Fortunately it is not necessary to claim for the Federal Reserve Board any such special status. It may be conceded for purposes of argument that the Federal Reserve Board is an executive department. Then the advocates of cheap money can b* tnswered on their own ground. The Constitution veils .ill executive power in the president and, command! the president to take care that the l»w« are faithfully executed. But it do*t not make the president, even within- the, limits of his jurisdiction, an-absolute monarch. Executive power, like all other, is tp be exercised .in known and certain, ways. Another provision of the Constitution gives to Congress the power to make all laws necessary and proper for carrying into execution .all powers vested, by it in the government of the United States, or in any department or officer thereof. Under this provision the subordinate, executive department! are to be organized by legislation and their concerns are to be conducted in such manner as the law directs. In 1823 Attorney General William Wirt submitted an opinion bearing directly on tht constitutional issue. He laid, in part, that: "The Constitution of the United States requires the president, in general terms, to take care, thai the laws be faithfully executed; that is, it places the officers' engaged in the execution of the lavjp under his general superintendence: He is to.see that they do their duty faithfully; · and on their failure, to cause' them to be displaced, prostcuUd,.or impeached, according to the nature of the case. But it could never have been the intention of the Constitution, in assigning this general power to the president to take care that the laws be executed; that he should in person execute the laws himself . . . If. the laws require a particular officer by name to perform a duty, not only is that officer bound ,to perform it, but ho other officer can perform il without a violation of the law, and were the. president to -perform it, he would riot only'be not tflking care that · the laws were faithfully executed, but he would be violating .them himself." Every attorney general--with the solitary exception, I believe, of Caleb Cushing in Franklin Pierce/s administration--has endorsed .this opinion of William Wirt's when he has had occasion to consider this problem. The presidents, too, have understood the Constitution . in the same sense. One of them, Tyler, in reviewing the right :'of the president to revise the decision of the accounting officers of the Treasr ury Department, said that: The president has no authority to revise such decision with a view to reverse or modify it, but only so far at .to possess himself of the knowledge and capacity of the agents employed. If incapable or dishonest, .the Constitution devolves upon hirVT the' duty of appointing others in their st«ad, but he cannot 'override their decision and ought not to interfere in' their' deliberations." The Supreme Court has spoken to the same effect. In Kendall vs. United States it declared that the duties and responsibilities of every officer of government 'grow out of and are subject to the control of the law, and not .0 the direction of the president." Having said this much about the constitutional question In- 'olved in the independence of the Federal Reserve Board,. I shall in the third and last article of this series deal with the wisdom of the policy of making it independent. The first representative assembly in America met at Jamestown, Va., in 1819. The system of FM broadcasting was developed by Maj. Edwin h. Armstrong. ' William and Mary College was founded in 1693. At the Opera Antw«r to Pr«viou» Puzzlo ROBIZONTAL 1 Opera by Puccini, "L» ZEittrof oleic acid 3 German composer 7 Opera by Bizet * ^ ari ! a £ e , n h . 13 Warnings 5 Madame (ab.) 13 Warnings 14 Melodious 15 Milk curdler 16 Rest 17 Commanded 6 Couriers 7 Vehicles 8 War god 8 Tear 18 ·Sm.uT.V.n j. 10 Disputed 25 Constellation fn river '' Heb « w »**'* 28 °P*» * _ in rivers 12 Lacked Gounod 19 Possessive 28 Ironing pronoun 31 Composer ot 20 Spread 21 Summer (Fr.) 24 Fastens again ,, S^T*,.,.,., .28 Wilted 23 Household . 27 Rodent 28 Equality ' 29 Psyche parti 130'Regret 31 Walks In water 34 Communication , 38 Prayers 39 Inner tree bark 40 Russian town 41 Snare 42 Openings Unstable i 44 Swimming 49 Opera by i Wagner, "Tristan end '48 Ciiy In India 49 Stairway posti JO Leases again SI Packing disc ' for water pipes 1 VEHICAL l«'The 0» Sevlllt- 32 Fly 33 Of the teeth 34 Cha,rt 'HlMU'S jrandson · 3«ftHt, 37 Man's name 31 Acid solution!" 42Ihie'ct 43 Nods 45 rear 47 Ocean

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