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Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest I* Tfte First Concern 0) Thk Neuwpaper 4 Â« FRIDAY, AUGUST 9, 1974 Saxbe Decides Not To Prosecute So/on Down To One, Or Thereabouts '.-Â·. " Free-flowing "brown bass streams" of the Ozark and Ouachita Mountains of Arkansas and Oklahoma were once a marvel for vacationers throughout the Midwest and Southwest. Now you can hardly find one -and you're apt to get arrested for trespassing if. you do. - T h e Buffalo Hiver, of course, is the iti'dst publicized of river conservation efforts iff this region: It is also the most successful, although kindnesses of the Park Service development will change it irretrievably from tne quiet, natural wonder that it once was. Â· " The Cosattot River, in Southwest Arkansas also has had its share of publicity in relation to an extended legal battle to forestall impoundment. That battle has eventually failed. :' More recently a "win" for conservationists was recorded when the Corps of Engineers announced that it no longer intends firimpound the Mulberry River, which flows south from origins near those of the White, Buffalo and War Eagle. Â· Marked against the Mulberry decision, however, are at least three developments on the upper Illinois River which may seriously affect its future quality. The Illinois faces extensive land development, sewage treatment absorption, and power generation side- effects. None of these is certain, but all are approaching their legal phases of determination. ? Less noticed, perhaps, but part of the Urt Buchwald same package is a corps proposal to dam the Glover Creek in McCurtain County, Oklahoma. The Glover is similar to the Cossat- tot in that it is relatively small, scenic and mostly too low to float during mid-summer months. Like the Cossattot it does limited damage by flooding, in a fashion that is coming to be seen more realistically as a proper cycle in the functioning of fresh water systems. The Glover's present claim to public concern comes from the fact that it is reported to be the last free-flowing stream remaining in the Ouachitas. A proposal by the Corps would dam the stream (Lukfata Dam) near Broken Bow. The Corps Environmental Impact Statement was originally scheduled for 1972, but has been delayed by under-funding. Now the Corps is reexamining its position and has scheduled a public hearing at Tulsa, Tuesday, Aug. 13 (1st National Bank auditorium, 7:30 p.m.), under sponsorship of the Ozark Society, the Sierra Club and the Scenic Rivers Association of Oklahoma. The product of the Corps' reexamination, of course, will depend to some extent on public reaction at three public hearings. There seems a chance, though, that the responsibility of having to justify not only the economics, but the environmental impact criteria of such projects may quiet the Corps' most blatantly beaverish instincts. The Glover, hopefully, can be a notable precedent. The Human Engineer : (EDITOR'S NOTE: Art Buchwald has gone off to Cape Cod to read all the documents germane to the impeachment. By unanimous consent the House J u d i c i a r y Committee h a s afgrecd to allow him to reprint some of his favorite columns of the past.) '; By ART BUCHWALD ,' There is a new science in this fcountry which is called human engineering. The object of human engineering, as I understand it, is to fit human beings jnto inhuman conditions, Â·j I made this discovery while riding on an airplanSTrom New -York to Washington the other Â· day. Seated next to me was a man who was taking very careful measurements of the space between us and then writing it in a notebook. I asked him what he was doing, and he said he was a human engineer, and it was his job to see how many more people he could squeeze on an airplane without doing permanent bodily harm to the passengers. "We used to have five seats across." he said proudly, "but we've managed to put another seat in each row, and as you pan-;see we can now get six- people across." "How on earth did you do What Others Say... IS NUDE LEWD? In a split decision, an appeals court in New York delivered 'itself of the opinion that a nude body is not necessarily a lewd body. Thus was Dian Hardy vindicated, nearly three years Â£fter she was arrested for nude sunbathing with several friends 6n an isolated beach on Long . Island, Miss Hardy, t h e n 25, y/ho describes herself as "kind jf stubborn," decided to fight Â· fler conviction and Â§100 fine. i But whether the judicial decision brings joy to your heart or fills you with dismay at the crumbling moral foundations of the Republic, it's not likely to become a precedent setter. Apparently a good many persons share the fears of Justice Thomas P. Farley, a dissenter from the Hardy decision, who sadly predicted that "the 'streakers' of today may B e c o m e the complacent, g n a d o r n e d 'strollers' o f tomorrow." '. Hardly was the ink dry on the court ruling than officials Announced there will be no naked sunbathing on state bea- fihes along Long Island's shores or within several municipalities of the island. Other laws, such as those covering (to mix a metaphor) indecent exposure will be studied as possible ways to control the practice. }'The town attorney for Oyster Bay, John M. Conroy, said, he hopes every case will be brought personally to his attention, "so that I can watch it very closely." He too warned that unadorned bathers would face arrest, but added: "If we lose in the courts, we will just have to turn the other cheek." --Macon (Ga.) News FOR INEFFICIENCY Efficiency is great. Where would we be without efficient ways to accomplish the multitude of tasks that face us in today's society? But the world needs a little inefficiency, too. The most efficient way to get fish out of a pond is to dynamite the pond. The best way to get fish out of a pond is with a pole, a line, a bobber, a hook and a few worms. So when federal officials talk about centralized government computer banks being so all- fired efficient, we agree with them. Computers are the epitome of efficiency. Given enough of them, the government could keep track of the daily activities of each person in this nation. Only, efficiency is not necessarily the ultimate goal in life. We are in no hurry to blow up the fish pond. --Houston Chronicle They'll Do It Every Time GETTMSA TUMBLE FROM THE AIRPORTELCCK/C eye HOW AgOOl"2Wr PIKte IN HIS HÂ£AP WH6K6 HIS wire CONKER mw AM' THIS T08ACCO PtXlCK-- GOT ANY OTHER MElAt. Alt. TUÂ£S6 ARE TUMEPPIfFSRENTU WAT OMÂ£ PICKS UP THE IRON IM A TONIO it?" I asked him. Â· .."Â·We: cut the center aisle in half. The passengers have to walk sideways, but just think ,-of what the extra seats mean to the company's payload." "Which, of course, is all that you're worried about." "YOU CAN BET your sweet whistle on that," he said. "I'm .very concerned, though, h hat there still seems to he room between your knees and the seat in front of you." ^."Only about two inches, I ; 'said. "Well, if you take two inches away here and two inches away there, you can put another row of seats on the plane." "Then my knees should be flush against the seat ahead?" "Naturally, niy dear boy. You can't expect legroom' on such a short hop. One more thing. I was wondering how you feel about a reclining seat as opposed to a stationary one." "I prefer a reclining seat. It gives me a chance to rest a little." He started writing in his book: "Customer too tempted by reclining chair, so I strongly recommend stationary kind which will allow us two more rows in back." He looked at me. "You came on board with a package. What did you do with it?" "I put it under my seat." He wrote again: "Customer can still get package under seat, which means we're wasting valuable space which could better be used for air freight.' "You people really think of everything," I said. "WE TRY TO,'! he replied, "but , it's a tough Â· struggle. There are a lot of people in the aviation business who are behind the times, and we have to show them that their best interests lie not with the passengers but wit hthe stockholders. I'm having a devil of a time trying to get' the company to remove the armrests." "You want' to do away with the armrests?" "Of course. If you did away with the armrests, everyone would be forced to sit closer together, and we could get eight people in a row." "Say, have you ever thought of putting people in the baggage rack overhead?" I asked him. He studied it for a few moments. "It could he done, if . we could fit them in horizontally." He made another note: "Check about stuffing people into overhead baggage rack," "You covered all the bases," I said in admiration. "Not quite," he said, staring at the washroom. (C) 1974, Los Angeles Times Bible Verse BROWN -- BIBLE VERSES "And they said, Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shall be saved, and thy house." Acts. 16:31 In His full name there is all Â·ufficiency! Lord means ruler - master; Jesus means Saviour; Christ means the one who has all power. Let us receive Him for what He is, then He will make us what we ought to be. "I will meditate also of all thy works, and talk of thy doings." Psalms 77:12 The greatest thing that we can do is talk about what God can do, and He can do anything. "With God all things ara possible." By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON -- Attorney General William Saxbe ' has made the difficult decision not to prosecute Rep. James Collins, R-Tex., thus ending an exhaustive investigation that we started four years ago. The decent Saxbe overruled his criminal division, which recommended indicting Collins for obstruction of justice. The case has dragged on too long and the witnesses have become too shaky, Saxbe told us. "This was a tough one," he said. "But the power to prosecute has become pretty awesome. It must be exercised with restraint and compassion." On March 5, 1970, we reported that the millionaire congressman had taken Â§500 in kickbacks from two young part-time workers in his 'office. We followed up with more detailed charges of a kickback scheme which his top aide, George Haag, masterminded. Our stories touched off on FBI investigation. Thereafter, we reported that both Collins and Haag had solicited false affidavits from . office employes and otherwise had tried to mislead the FBI. On Oct. 4, 1972, Haag was convicted for taking kickbacks and obstructing justice.. We charged that the Nixon Ad- The Washington Merry-Go-Round ministration had let Collins off the hook after' pressure from powerful Texas Republcans.. The investigation of Collins subsequently was resumed U.S. Attorney Earl Silbert, the original chief Watergate prosecutor, recommended after a painstaking study of the grand jury testimony that Col- fins should be Indicted. SUbert's recommendation was endorsed by Asst. Atty. Gen. Henry Petersen, chief of the criminal . division. But Thomas McTieman, chief of the fraud seclion, disagreed. He cautioned that the case against Collins was too weak to indict a man of his prominence. The split opinion was sent up to Saxbe who resolved the doubt in favor of Collins. The evidence showed that none of the kickback money had gone into the congressman's own pocket. There was sworn testimony, however, he had tried to mislead the FBI and cover up the crime. We would agree that four years under a cloud, living in constant tension, is enough punishment for Collins. We also share Saxbe's concern, in this age of the prosecutor, that the Justice Department should use its awesome power carefully. IMPEACHMENT Blues: A solemn Congress is making painful preparations to put President Nixon on trial. Here are some backstage details: -Republican leaders expect the House to impeach the President by a solid 280 to 155 votes, at least. The Senate outcome is more difficult to Predict. Several senators have told the leadership they simply dont know how they'll vote and won t make up their minds, until they've heard the evidence. But the Republican leaders estimate the Senate line-up today, about 60-40 in favor of removing the President. This would be seven votes short of the two-thirds needed to convict him. --It was House GOP leader John Rhodes, we have now learned, who misled President Nixon on the outcome of the impeachment vote. Rhodes-estimated that the 17 Republicans would vote solidly against im' peachment, joined by two Southern Democrats. The final verdict, in this case, would have been 19 to 19. The Presi- dent was stunned, therefore, by. the overwhelming vote against him. --President Nixon's lawyer. James St. Clair, failed to question all his witnesses before.he let them appear before the House Judiciary Committee, a precaution t h a t is taught to every law student. The unhappy' result for the President was that some of his own witnesses gave testimony unhelpful to ' him. A spokesman for St. Clair said the attorney had fhirHsd the previous testimony of the unquestioned witnesses. But legal experts regard this as a lame excuse. --Most senators will vote to permit television cameras into the Senate chamber for the first time, according to informal soundings, to Â· cover the historic trial. Senators who are up for re-election are the most eager to admit the cameras. They believe the voters will be more sympathetic if they watch the proceedings for themselves. Only fixed cameras will be . admitted, most likely, with restrictions against focusing on individual senators during the debate. They don't want to be caught off guard, dozing in their seats or picking their noses. Â· , Income And Outgo 'WE DOU'T HAVE MUCH TO GOOW WITH CAN'T MAKE ITOW $4,500 AVEAR.' 'WITH INFLATION $9,800 A VEAR DOESKIT 60 FAR!' 'WE FEEL THE P1WCM-- AND I MADE $23,650 LAST VEAR. 1 UUSAMD AND I HAVE TO STRETCH HIS $3O,OOO SALftRV.' I CANT MAKE IT OKI $54-, 000 A VEAR. 1 World Population Brake Eyed By RICHARD C. SCHROEDER (Editorial Research Reports) WASHINGTON -- The World Population Conference to be held in Bucharest, Rumania, beginning Aug. 19, is the most ambitious effort to date to cope with'the global population problem. Most of the 135 member countries of the United Nations will be represented in Bucharest, many of them by officials of cabinet rank. The conference will attempt to formulate a World Population Plan of Action to serve as a blueprint for national and international programs to check ternational programs to check the spiraliirg rate of population increase, particularly in the less-developed countries. A draft plan has been circulating among member nations for the past several months World population is increasing faster than ever before: 2 per cent a year for the world as a whole, and 3.to 4 per cent a year in somt of the poorer countries. At present growth rates, the earth's population will double to eight billion early in the next century. The urgency of this situation is stressed by growing scarcities of food. Agricultural experts warn of impending food shortages and famine later this year. T h e rise in energy prices and the zooming cost of fertilizer is crushing the economies of heavily populated countries like India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. ..WORLD ATTITUDES toward p o p u l a t i o n questions have changed radically in the past two decades. More and more governments--especially in the developing world--have adopted national policies to control population growth, and most of them have mounted ambitious family planning programs. Contraception, once a taboo subject, is now openly discussed in most countries. The "population explosion" of the past few decades is not the result of a sudden rise in birth rates. In fact, world fertility has held steady since the end of World War II, and in many countries has actually declined slightly. The sudden growth of population is due^ instead, to a .decline in death rates, especially infant deaths, made possible by advances in medicine, public health and nutrition. People live longer and enjoy better health now than at any time in human history. Many governments have adopted family planning and other population-control programs to bring birth rates more in line with the decreasing death rates. This proces, known as demographic transition, took place naturally in the industrial West over the course of the past century. In the less-developed countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America, the process can be accomplished only by medical, social and economic programs deliberately adopted by governments and private agencies. Paradoxically, the more that governments have turned to family planning to try to solve their polution problems, the more that controversy has arisen as to whether family planning actually works. On the one hand, family planners insist that most people want fewer children, and that widespread distribution of contraceptive information and supplies will result in smaller families. On the other hand, economic-development experts say that family planning will be ineffectual if living standards are not raised MARTHA'S MAIL: The irrepressible Martha Mitchell has offered to join our staff. As evidence of her investigative abili- :.-Â·; ties, she told us how she had "~ caught the Post Office "tampering" with her mail. . Â· Â·;.Â· Mysterious things have been \ - happening to her mail, said the X tart-tongued wife of ex-Atty. -: Gen. John Mithcell. But when " she picked up a registered r' : letter from Mississippi. in her ;Â· personal Post Office box and -:. found the letter had already been opened, that was the last j straw. 'Â·Â· She called the Post Office and 'Â·:; pretended to be the sender. In ;; her best Dixie drawl, sha Â·; complained that the letter Â·- hadn't reached its destination and inquired sweetly what had *. happened to it, 'Â·-Â· A clerk scurried to find the registered letter receipt and returned to the phone to report that it had been delivered to ; 20 Broad Street. T h i s is tha . address of her estranged hu band's former law office. "They steal my mail and send it down there," protested Martha indignantly. Local postal officials, however, had a different explana- , lion. It was just an honest mix- ^ up, they said. From The Readers' Viewpoint Perspective To The Editor: When I saw the picture of the Fayetteville Post office and the horrible plan for tearing it down, I recalled reading an article which my mother, the late Zillah Cross Peel had written. Mrs. Peel wrote for the TIMES in the decade of thirties, and to me the article is a monumental reason why the Post Office should remain as is. We have already lost the beauty of College Avenue .with its old homes and maple trees! Let's don't let greed do away with this historical monument. Mrs. Ward Dunlan-V Clarksyille very rapidly in the poorer countries. ..THE WORLD Popujaton Conference will attempt to find a middle ground between these two positions. Clearly, a long-term reduction in fertility depends on improvement in living conditions for the two-thirds of the people on earth who are ill-fed and wracked by disease. But the experience of the pas two decades has shown that economic and social development is seriously hampered by etxcessive population growth. It's a chicken-and-egg delemma that must be resolved before any real advances can be made. There is a serious question whether the delegates at Bucharest can meet the problem head-on. Preparations for the meeting have shown a critical lack of agreement among key nations. Many industrial countries with low rates of population growth are not. prepared to commit themselves to a worldwide policy of population control. A large number of poor countries want the meeting to stress development rather than family planning. As a consequence, the -World Population Plan of Action has gone through successive drafts. Some population experts fear that even the present weakened draft may be toned down still more, or even rejected, at Bucharest. While the U.S. geovernment has no official policy on population, it has actively supported U.N. programs abroad and has worked hard to make the coming conference an effective forum. But unlike so many other matters the U.N. is called on to deal with, population growth tends to be regarded as a problem that can be attacked only on a national basis. Mrs. Peel's article: "There is a plot of ground in Fayetteville that no one man has ever owned, -- the 'ground on which the Fayetteville Post, Office is built. "It all happened because, quite a long time ago Spain acquired it with other ground in America through conquest. Later Spain sold it to France. About that time Napoleon thought he needed a lot of, money so he sold the ground to the United States government and it was known as the Louisiana Purchase. Then some time later the United States gave 80 acres south of Center Street and 80 acres north of Center Street to Washington County for a townsite, leaving the center plot of -ground for the Washington County court house. "It was in 1904 that Washington County decided the courthouse would be more imposing if built on the side of the city on the east so the change was made and the courthouse built where it now stands and Washington County recopveyed the land back to the government for the post office."According to a statement by " Senator R. J. Wilson, no man has ever had a deed to this plot of ground; however a commission of four men held the land for Washington County." Wonderin' To the Editor: I have been troubled about something for A long time, and after reading in the Times "To the Editor" July 31 written by "Anonymous" in regard to our County and Municipal Government, I am prompted to write what has been on my mind. Som etime back, before our little local "Watergate" was un-. covered, a young man was sentenced to prison for stealing- some guns at the Jail. It seems ' - he stole them while a prisoner which seems rather far-fetched in itself. Then he protested his innocence and 'said they were sold to him by the sheriff. In view of everything that has happened since, I wonder if we don't have an innocent young man serving time. "Anonymous"