Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on August 9, 1974 · Page 1
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Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 1

Fayetteville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Friday, August 9, 1974
Page 1
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INSIDE- Editorial ....r.. ., ·) For women ................y 5 Amusements ................. 10 Sports ,....., .« 11-13 Comics ..··s l .3-.t3v_u_v 16 Classified ......».' 17-20 115th YEAR-NUMBER 56 Jfrrfljtoest The Public Interest Is The First Concern Of This Newspaper FAYETTEVIUE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, AUG.9, .1974 LOCAL FORECAST- Partly cloudy and warm wltK . chance of thunderstorms a n d showers likely through Saturday. Low last nfght 69. Low tonight in the m.ld 60s with highs Saturday in the upper 80s. Sunset today 8:14j sunrise Saturday 6:31. Weather map on pago 8,- ·£20 PAGES-TEN CENTS Gerald Ford Sworn In As 38th President And Says Long National Nightmare Over Resignation Seen As Defeat Of A Man/Triumph Of A System By LOUISE COOK Of The Associated Press The defeat of a man and the triumph of a, system of government that has stood for almost 200 years. · '·· That was what some Americans saw in the resignation of Richard Milhous Nixon as President. . '. The people who voted for him and gave him their loyalty; the ones who vowed their opposition. The historians who ponder the past and predict the future; the politicians trying to gauge the effect at election time. "No one can rejoice in the events which culminated in the resignation of the President," said Chesterfield Smith, president of the American Bar Association and a frequent, critic of Nixon on Watergate. "We can, however, find comfort in the fact that . . . when our system for the adminis-. tration of justice was tested -by perhaps its greatest challenge of all time -- that system proved equal to the task," Asked whether Nixon should be subject to civil and criminal prosecution, Smith said, "We do not have time for vengeance. It is the time to come together, and the time to go forward." Yale Law Professor Alexander Bickel disagreed. "The cloud of Watergate is still hanging and there's nothing we can do about it." he said. · r The Rev. Billy Graham, a longtime Nixon supporter who frequently conducted religious services at the White House said he felt sorry for Nixon anc his family. "His personal suffering mus 1 be almost unbearable." the minister said. "He deserves the CONTINUED ON P.1GE .TWO) Worldwide Reaction Seen As One 01 Relief By The Associated Press T h e dominant reaction around the world in the hours after Richard M. Nixon closed the curtain^ on his presidency was admiration for the American democracy and relief that uncertainty in Washington was over. In some troubled corners of the globe, leaders voiced apprehension for the fate of policies Nixon had championed. But most were confident that Henry A. Kissinger, to continue as secretary of state in the Gerald R. Ford administration, would assure the continuity of Nixon's foreign initiatives; · Many governments -- · including Britain, West Germany, Mexico and Brazil -- ducked official comment on what they termed "Internal matters of the United Slates." ^ In Saigon, President Nguyen Van Thieu ordered .a military alert throughout South Vietnam in fear the Communist command would take advantage of Nixon's resignation to 'launch a general offensive. In Egypt -- which more than any other Arab stale put its trust in the Nixon administration to end the Middle Easl crisis, and where l a s t spring Nixon was greeted as a nation i x o n retrospectives and nalyses of his career. "As friends of the American eople, we are'glacTthis nightmare is over," said Norway's ^remicr Trygve Bratteli. The Dutch government view- d the resignation as an affirmation of democracy as a form was g al hero -- th e press carried sto ries about Nixon under black banners, a usual sign of mourn ing. REFUSE COMMENT Israeli leaders refused com ment, but government insiders said Premier Yitzhak Rabin is confident that Kissinger wi! continue his effective foreign policy. Officials of the North Atlantii Treaty Organization privately expressed relief and confidenc that Ford coherence would inject th and decisivenes they said was lacking under a beleaguered Nixon. Millions of Europeans stayei up into the small hours of th morning to watch Nixon's ac dress,.relayed by satellite to 1 European countries. Evenin programming was thick wit f. government. "What is important is the emocratic process which led o this resignation -- a process vhich upheld the equality of ach citizen before the law,"- a overnment statement said. .There was no word from Pe king, but the Japanese news agency Kyodo said Chinese leaders were hoping the resig nation would not affect China U.S. relations. , "What should happen ha: happened," declared Japan'; Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka The Soviet and East Eu ropean media gave only brie announcements that Nixon -warmly welcomed in Moscow only 44 days earlier -- had re signed. No reasons were given NEWS BRIEFS Break-In Charged Randall Rucker,: 17, 752 W. Cleveland, was charged Thursday in Washington Circuit Court on a charge of burglary and grand larceny in connection vith a break-in at the Wheeler ;rocery store on July 9 Rucker .is -being held in Washington County jail on another larceny 'charge involving auto theft. He is accused of taking cigarettes, food, and money from the Wheeler Grocery and Post Office. Wet Weekend By The Associated Press The weekend may be wet in Arkansas. The National Weather Service forecast is calling for numerous showers and thunderstorms today with the thunderstorms becoming' less numerous tonight. However, the forecast for Saturday calls for partly cloudy and slightly warmer temperatures with scattered showers and thunderstorms. Acorn Objects LITTLE ROCK (AP) -- A tansas Community Organ zations for R e f o r m . No\ ;ACORN) does not want men hers of the state Public Servic Commission to attend a confe ence for state regulatory ofl cials. ACORN told PSC chairme that the Aug. 13. conferenc sponsored by the Federal Ene ;y Administration, w a esigned to promote larger ra increases for utility companie Target Bombeed BEIRUT, Lebanon (AP) Israeli planes hammered su peeled Palestinian guerrilla ta gets in southern Lebanon toda for the third time in as man days, military sources reporte C a s u a l t i e s were known and there was'no imm diate comment from the Israc command. Two Lebanese villagers ai three Palestinians were repo ted killed in two separate a strikes in the same area We nesday. Farewell To His Cabinet (AP) -- A M. Nixon WASHINGTON arful Richard ayed out the final acts of a evastated presidency today, dding sorrowful farewell to Cabinet and aides, telling lem that only a man in the eepest valley can know "how nagnificent it is to be on · the ighest mountain." Then Nixon and his wife trod red carpet from the White 'ouse to a helicopter waiting the, lawn pad and began heir journey to the California ome that is the Western White :ouse no more. One last time, as he stepped nto the helicopter, the resign- ng President waved the two- anded V-for-yictory sign he ad flashed so many times here from hundreds of political latforms. And at precisely 10 a.m. IDT, the helicopter rose into he misty Washington morning, is Cabinet and several hun- r e d administration aides card his East Room farewell, nd saw him go. His successor, Gerald · R. "ord, watched the takeoff. Nixon's last White House vords: And so we leave in high opes, in good spirits and in leep humility and with very much gratefulness in our earts. We come from many aiths, we pray perhaps to dif- erent gods_but really the same "lod in a sense. "But I want to say for each and everyone of you -- n o t only will we always foe grateful o you, always you will be in our hearts and in our prayers. Thank you very milch." The Nixon aides, many- . of whom had wept as did their departing leader, stood in ap- ilause. MARKED CONTRAST Nixon's farewell to those closest to him was in marked contrast to the solemn formality of his resignation address to the nation Thursday night. It was intensely personal and intensely emotional. He spoke of his parents, say- jng his .father wa s a great man though never a man of renown, that his mother was a saint who nursed two of his brothers and watched them die of tuberculosis. He told of reading, on his last night in the White House, the words," of young Theodore Roosevelt upon the death of a daughter. "TR in his 20s thought the light had gone from his life forever, but he went on," Nixon said. " ... He was a man. And as I leave, let me say that's an example I think all of us should -- (AP Wircphoto) ' · " · · PRESIDENT AND SECRETARY OF STATE ' .-..Ford asked Kissinger to remaifi. as Secretary of Slate Ford To Launch Hunt for Vice President WASHINGTON (AP) -- Ger-, aid R. Ford plans to launch the sanie ''type "of broad"vfce' presidential search that led to his own selecticn 10 months ago. A choice is unlikely until after the new president speaks to the nation tonight and the Congress next week. Sources close to Ford say he plans to keep the entire Nixon Cabinet and most of the top White House staff while gradually working ; in his own people. They , will come mainly from his vice presidential staff and a long list of former colleagues in the House." At the outset, he plans, to place primary emphasis on a smooth transition of power within the White House and government before turning to lick the man who will be the nation's second appointed vice president. FnrtI was the first. Though Ford associates differ on his prospects, former New York Gov. Nejson A.. Rockefeller heads an initial list of 12 vice presidential possibilities. The list is expected to grow as the new president asks the views of a broad spectrum ol Brooke', Percy and Anderson. . Ford, himself,' has talked in he past of the need to' broaden he GOP. In 1968, he urged residential candidate Richard M. Nixon to select a more liberal running mate, such as ·lew York Mayor John V. Linday, to broaden the appeal of he minority GOP. In planning.his new adminis- ration, Ford secured a'promise remember. "We think sometimes when things happen that don't go the right way, we think that when you don't pass the bar exam (CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO) GOP congressmen, senators and officials. ON HIS LIST A list, drawn up by Ford's staff includes Rockefeller; for mer Secretary of Defense Mel yin R. Laird; former Atty. Gen Elliot L. Richardson; California Gov. Ronald Reagan; Sens Howard H. Baker Jr. and Bil Hatfielcl of Oregon, Edward W B r o o k e of Massachusetts Charles H, I'ercy of Illinois Robert T. Stafford of Verm on and Robert Taft Jr. of Ohio 'and Reps. Albert H. Quie o Minnesota and John B. Ander on of Illinois. GOP governors are expected o be added to the list, but as- ociates think Ford is more ikely to choose someone he mows well, such as Rockefeller ir a congressional associate. But some Republicans doubt hat Ford would pick anyone vho has been sharply critical if the Nixon administration, iuch as Richardson, Hatfield, from Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger to stay on. He had developed ties with Kissinger early in his vice presidency. . Last spring, Ford expressed doubts about the political, acumen, of Secretary of ,-Defense James R. Schlesinger, but no early change is likely. Secretary of Interior Rogers C. B. Morton .might move. to a key White House spot. Ceremony Held At Noon In East Room WASHINGTON (AP) -- Gerald R. Ford became 38th President of the United States today and told the nation "our long national nightmare is over." "Our Constitution works," Ford said as he assumed the office of tiie resigned Richard M. Nixon. "Our great republic is a government of laws and not of men." At 12:03 p.m. EDT, Ford pronounced the oath of office Nixon was accused of violating in the Watergate scandals. Ford was President already: Nixon's resignation was deliv- erd at 11:35 a.m. EDT. and with it the powers of office passed automatically to Ford, a plain man who promised plain talk to the ration. Ford said he would ask to appear before a joint session of Congress Monday night to discuss "my views on the priority business of Ilia nation." "As we bind up the wounds of Watergate, let us restore the Golden Rule to our political process," Ford said. He spoke, too, of Nixon, who t the moment of transition vas flying over the Midwest on ie way home to California and rivate life." "May our former President vho brought peace to millions ind it for himself," B n ord said. Ford said his first speech as resident would be no political Cyprus Peace Negotiators Moving Toward Agreement GF,NEVA, Switzerland (AP) -- Heartened by an agreement on the drawing of cease-fire ines, Cyprus peace negotiators moved today to clear remaining military problems before turning to the political future of the island. On Cyprus itself, stiff fighting erupted again Thursday between Turkish invaders and Greek Cypriot defenders. For the first time since the Turks began landing on July 20, Maj. Gen. Prem Chand, commander of the United Nations peacekeeping force, appealed in writing to both the Greek and Tur- ues by then so the talks can urn to politics. The agreement on cease-fire ines and buffer zones to separate the hostile forces was re orted by a joint military com nission of Greek, Turkish, Brit sh and U.N. officers on kish commanders the cease-fire. to observe Believe Correct Choice Made Early Morning Rain After · long flry spell, Washington County Is finally get- tin t rain. TIMES photograph- er Ken Good caught t h e heavy fall early this morning on the Hwy. H bypass aa these cars and trucks move slowly, with (heir lights on. Toe rain began Thursday and is expected fa through Saturday. continue Foreign, ministers James Callaghan of Britain, Turan Gunes of Turkey and George Mavros of Greece resumed their Geneva talks Thursday and adjourned after 2'/4 hours to allow technical experts to draw up reports. REPORT COVERAGE The reports will cover cease fire lines, prisoner and hostage exchanges and the condition of Turkish-Cypriot enclaves, Brit ish sources said. On Saturday, Greek and Tur kish Cypriot representatives will be admitted to the talks and the sources said Callaghan hopes to clear away military is 'yprus. Details of the agreemen vere not released. Commission members were trapped at one point by a sev en-hour battle between Turks and Greek Cypriots across th leavily fortified "Green Line' that divides the t w o commu nities in the capital, Nicosia. A U.N. spokesman reporlec icavy tank and machine gun 'ire in the Kythria Fores northeast of Nicosia. oration, "just a little straight alk among friends." He said it vill be Ihe first of many. " ... I assume the presidency under extraordinary circumstances never, before experienced by America," Ford said. "This is an hour of his- ory that troubles our minds and hurts our hearts ..." NEVER BEFORE Never before had a president resigned; never before had an apointed vice president succeeded tp office. "I am acutely aware that you have not elected me by your ballots, so I ask you to confirm me as your President by your prayers," Ford said. While he will make what amounts to a State of the Union Address to Congress Monday, Ford settled into the work of office at once, asking congressional leaders to go from t h e oath-taking ceremony to meet privately with him. The East Room ceremony was nationally broadcast and televised. Ford's voice was firm, but there was a quaver when be spoke of the departed Nixon's quest for peace in the world. Ford promised the nation BULLETIN WASHINGTON (AP) -- Former Treasury Secretary John Connally of Texas pleaded innocent today to charges of bribery, conspiracy and perjury in the milk fund affair. Chief U.S. Dibtrict Judge George Hart Jr. released Connally in the custody of h i s lawyer, Edward Bennett Williams, and gave him unlimited travel right. that quest will continue. "America will remain strong and united, but its strength will remain dedicated to the safety and sanity of the entire family of man," Ford said. Chief Justice Warren E. Burger administered the oath of office. "Are you prepared to take the oath of office as President of the United States?" lha black-robed Burger asked. "I am, sir," Ford replied. "Raise your right hand and repeat after me," Burger said. Then, a phrase at a time, he read the oath and Ford repeated the words every president since George Washington h a s spoken, SWORN IN "I do solemnly swear that I will faithfully execute the office of the President of the United States, and w i l l to the best of (CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO) Area Politicians Optimistic Local political figures today u n a n i m o u s l y agreed that Richard Nixon made the "right step at the right time" Thursday in turning over the leadership of the country to Gerald Ford. All were optimistic that the nation, after breathing a sigh of relief at the end of the gloomiest political turmoil in its history, can now pull itself together and work under a new leader to attack problems of a struggling economy and failing morale. "It's a heartbreaking moment for our country," said Bruce Crider. candidate for county judge. "But I think it was the inly reasonable thing to do. When the President loses the support of the Congress and the people, the nation is best served by introducing new leadership that can bring us together." County Judge Vol Lester said he thinks Nixon "sincerely did what he fell best for the country" in resigning the office. "Of course, I most definitely hate to sec something like this have to happen, but it had reached the point whero the President's leadership was crippled by a lack of support, as Mr. Nixon said in his speech last night. "I don't think his resignation will reflect on all the good things he has accomplished in office, but the time had clearly come to step aside so we can »et down to the problems that face us rather than remain mired in a controversy that all but halted the governmental process," Lester said. State Sen. Morriss Henry sale he felt Nixon's resignation was the proper thing to do under the circumstances. "It was a terribly sac moment (or the President anc for all Americans, but at the same time it was the righ liing to do for himself and his amily and for the nation. "I think that now this ob- ession with Watergate is behind us and the new president can be free of that problem o work on more pressing ssues, the economy and the morale of the people will take an upswing," Henry said. "Now wo can get down to the business of fighting inflation and other domestic problems." Henry said his only regret is that President Ford was rot elected to that office or to the vice presidency by the people, but added, "Mr. Ford does have, iCONTTNUED ON PAGE TWO

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