Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on August 6, 1974 · Page 4
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Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 4

Fayetteville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Tuesday, August 6, 1974
Page 4
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Editorial-Opinion Pag* The Public Interest Is The First Concern Of This Newspaper 4 · TUESDAY, AUGUST «, 1974 'As Last Resort Torture Is Practical' Back-To-School Time Back-to-school time is rapidly approaching. The TIMES' annual School Edition has been in the making for several weeks, a sure sign, and area merchants are already pitching advertising and sales promotions in the direction of little scholars. Making a slight nod in,the direction of the importance of the school system to every community, we noted in these columns a week ago a list of educational problems compiled by Dr. George Gallup the eminent pollster, noting, in the process that these itemized difficulties are rather less pronounced here than in most places -- a fact that we continue to believe is true. In response to our comments we hav* received this week a long, unsigned com- munique that takes exception to our whitewash of the schools." Unsigned letters normally are not even read by newspaper editorial staffs. For reasons of attribution, they are never published. In this case, though -the letter being hand-written, in a stylish penmanship, and four legal-sized pages long -- we perused its basic tenor before discovering its anonymity. v To be honest, it makes a point or two, and they may be more widely shared and legitimate than an anonymous writer gives them credit for being. The writer's point is that our local schools -- and school teachers -- have the same seroius problems that most of'the nation's schools do. These include low salaries; too few really well qualified professional educators; drugs; inadequate or insufficient facilities; and a lack of patron interest. The writer's points are well taken. It surely goes without saying that in a.state consistently ranked among the two or three lowest in the nation in expenditures per pupil, and teachers' salaries, all is not perfect. Even the casual reader of this newspaper knows there is a drug problem among school-age youngsters of the community. And there are always kinks and rough edges to be noted on the part of school board and administration, just as there are at City Hall, or on any public affairs body. Let's not lose sight of- the original; contention, though. Conceding these handicaps, we remain convinced by the caliber of Fayetteville students entering the University -who go on to excellent jobs -- that our local school system is a considerably stronger EDUCATIONAL system than might be indicated from a brooding over any similarity of problems raised by Dr. Gallup. If our local patrons were of greater wealth, we would help campaign for improvements in the schools, all around. But to be honest, .local patrons have voted consistently in support of their local schools, and the school board has consistently attracted this community's best leadership. Certainly, there are difficulties in the local school system. But Fayetteville enjoys advantages unknown to most other school districts in the state. These include a relatively high tax base and assessments; a community with a long tradition of educational support; a wealth of well-educated, professionally qualified patrons; and the advantage of educationally oriented services (in connection with the University). We do not wish to seem complacent regarding deficiencies in the local school system, but neither should we overlook the good things about it. From. The Readers Viewpoint Help Needed Fayetteville To The Editor: Funds are needed very badly for Abilities Unlimited. Many more dollars are required before the local agency can hope to match the federal nt. This is a comm unity por- grant. This is a community project well worth everyone's support and I would like to invite everyone to give^o these . yourtg men and women.who are handicapped. I cannot think of these peo^e without tears coming to my eyes, because I know them all. : All they ask is a chance. They cannot work like you and I. Some are on crutches, some limp and others cannot express themselves. They didn't ask to be this way. If you have contributions call me at my home (521-1681) or call Abilities Unlimited (5213500) and the contribution will be picked up. Billy Grahams Answer I am 13 years of age, and I think I'm old enough to know about God. The trouble is one day He exists, and the next He's hard to find. I'm trying to say I'm afraid of God, and I'm afraid of dying too. D.Z. You certainly are m a t u r e enough to know God personally. In the old Hebrew family, the religious training of the boy began in his fourth year, as soon as he could speak distinctly. The girl also started early. But let me emphasize two things. First that God knew we'd have trouble understanding Him, so He sent Christ as His representative and interpreter. Jesus once said to Philip, "Anyone who has seen me has seen the Father" (John 14:9). As you let the Bible introduce you to the' person and ministry Christ, you will better grasp the concept of God the Father. ^Secondly, fear is one of the common but most devasiating emotions of man. Jesus knew that, and kept saying to His disciples, "Fear not." The Hebrews writer says that Jesus came to "Free those who all their lives were held in slavery by their fear of death" (2:15). At thirteen, you should be full of bright expectations and the joy of daily living. The Lord doesn't want to be either frightening or hard to find. ' In simple d a i l y prayer commitment, share with Christ as a friend. Tell the Lord you know He's with you, and that you're going to let Him solve every problem and hold off every enemy. Happy living was His original plan. My question is - am I living in adultery? I divojrced my first husband and remarried 15 Just seven y e a r s ago, I gave myself t o God. I have been studying the Bible ever since. But I am near despair from this overpowering feeling of doing wrong - in disobeying God's marriage laws. P 1 e a s e help me. G.M. The most complete discussion of divorce by Christ is found in Matthew 19. Here, the Pharisees had tried to trick him by a reference to Moses. They brought up the issue of justifiable causes for breaking the marriage bond. Two Jewish schools of thought existed. One (Hillel) said divorce was all right for many reasons, including even poor cooking. The other (Schammai) said the only allowable cause was adultery. It was the latter position Jesus assumed. Because adultery destroys the "one flesh" concept, the marriage can be considered concluded - not necessarily, of course, if forgiveness is forthcoming. Now, you were converted subsequent to your divorce. When you asked Bor forgiveness in that step of faith in Christ, all sins were covered. To suggest anything less is to nullify the cross. Furthermore, you say you now have two children. To .separate because your divorce or your husband's was not on Biblical ground of adultery would be cruel to them. By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON -- Students at t h e International Police Academy, a school run by the State department to train foreign policemen, have developed some chilling views about torture tactics. After a lengthy investigation, we have found no evidence that the academy actually advocates third-degree methods. But we have read several student papers, which discuss the use of torture to break suspects. "As a last resort..." wrote a Nepalese inspector, torture is "practical and necessary." A South Vietnamese policeman wrote that "threats.and in ; a minimum time." force can pull out any truth A Zaire officer agreed "force or threats" will expedite an Investigation but warned: "This tactic must not be known by the public." Another student from Nepal told how "carelessness" by interrogators had caused death, t h e r e b y creating "another trouble." The Washington Merry-Go-Round Wy'nofia Mitchell Houte 7, Fayetteville Ayes, Nays To the Editor: . This sometime harsh critic nf the lawyer-dominated US Congress,-and of the generally self- i s h property-wealth-oriented legal fraternity, is pleased with an opportunity to commend at least one group of government lawyers-politicians, for their exemplary courage and unselfish devotion to truth and to the national interest -- The All Lawyer Judiciary Committee of the House of Representatives. Now generalizations usually are unfair, because omnipresent exceptions often disprove them, or even prove the very reverse. Nevertheless t h a t narrow, approach of Sandman, Dennis, Latta Co. on behalf of .their non crook client and the Republican Party, serve positively to establish in bold relief the courage, high patriotism and relative selflessness and devotion to principle of such as Republicans Cohen, Hogan, McClory. and Railsback, and of that handful of Southern Democrats and one Republican; Flowers, Mann, Thornton, and Butler. No Sunshine Patriots these, when the chips are down! . It takes guts aplenty for any ambitious politician to so risk outraging his constituency and offending his ideological partisan brothers, and thus to jeopardize his career. Yet this is exactly what most of these men did in voting in favor of articles ' of impeachment of their President, Richard Nixon. The Judiciary Committee as a whole, and these Nixon Defectors in particular, did themselves and the country proud. And their profession as well! Soon, now we shall see who and how many, by means again of ayes and nays, other representatives and senators have the same character and qualities, to do likewise. Reuben R. Thomas Fayelteville Old Main They'll Do It Every Time APPROACHING TH HIGHWAY RERAIK PROJECT;THE WARNING SIGNS CAU- FOR CUTTING POWHSP6EP 5 MUCSPR HOUB CAUTION CMON, SLOWPOKE!! LET'S 60! STEP ON IT, THEN VOL) COME- TO m Bieeuv WITH THE The Stale Department-run academy has been accused of teaching torture tactics. The movie "State of Siege," for example, showed the schools · graduates torturing political prisoners. An investigator for Sen. James Abburezk, D-S.D., told us he had seen a number of theses written by the academy's students in support of torture tactics. The papers were written in English, Spanish and French, he said, and were kept in locked, steel cabinets. My associate Joe Spear, accompanied by Spanish and French translators, paid a call upon the police academy, which is located in an old streetcar garage called the "Car Barn" i n Washington's swinging Georgetown section. They were shown evidence, selected by the school's administrators, who tended to prove that the school doesn't teach torture tactics. Their own documents, however, reveal an ambivalent attitude toward torture. For example, the lesson plan includes instruction in ' Inter views and Interrogations." This teaches foreign policemen to question suspects in soundproof, windowless rooms w i t h "bare walls." They are instructed to use such interrogation techniques as "emotional appeals, "exaggerating fears" and psychological "jolts." They are taught to observe the "physical stale of the subject" for "sweating," "color changes," "dry mouth;" and rapid pulse and breathing. The lesson plan also states, however, that "so-called third degree tactics" should not be used. It is argued that these techniques lower the interrogator's "self-respect," impair "police efficiency," lower "the esteem of the police in the public eye" and lead to "false To the Editor: . An article entitled "The new Old Main" appeared in The Traveler, the campers newspaper, on August 1. This article stated that Old Main will be covered with aluminum siding because sandblasting and re- mortaring the bricks would be too expensive. For obvious reasons, this has to be the most stupid, crazy, idiotic, harebrained idea I have ever heard and any such plans should be halted immediately. Paul Kittle Fayetteville Do Unto . . . To the Editor: Nearly everyone who lives close by here belonrgs to the church and all are good people. But there are some who are not keeping with all 10 of the Bible's commandments. The Bible says, do unto others as you would have them do unto you. But some never have time to visit the sick. They are only hurting themselves. If you can't keep the Commandments you are not going anywhere. That's my belief. Hugh Holland Fayettevill* confessions, and miscarriages of justice.". . The foreign policemen, who come to the academy from such repressive governments as Brazil, Chile, Pakistan, South Vietnam and. Uruguay, are told that "a prisoner must be treated-·, according to legal and human!-.,, tariun principles," But our examination of tha · student · papers showed that many students graduate without showing much effect of their . "humanitarian" training. Hera, are a few excerpts: .,.,., --Tdan Dinh Vo, South Viet-, , nam: "Based on experience, we .are convinced there is just one,; sure way to save time and suppress stubborn criminal sus- - pects -- that is the proper use of~threats and force." --"Lam. Van Huu, South Vietnam: "What do we mean by 'force and threat?' Physical f orce _ beating, slapping, electrocuting.- Threats -- physical, shaking a fist in the face of the subject; verbal, saying 'Listen, I'm going to break jour neck if you don't confess. --Inspector Madhav Bickrum Rana, Nepal: "Many a times " police officers have gained, times police officers have : ; valuable clues by the use qf~ gained valuable clues by the of (drugs) . . . The water tor-- lure is a simple and ancient method of letting a tap to drip ; on a man's head at a certain,, interval. This is very effective , in breaking a tough man and can make a raving lunatic of any human being after an hour...." --Gonzalo Wilches Sanchez,, Colombia: ."It is undeniable that in innumerable cases, tha.. interrogator is forced to use , systems of moral or physical, coercion to obtain truth that the · person knows." --Bemonatu Mpanga, Zaire: · "The use of force or threats during an interrogation can be seen as one of our police tactics to be used for the expedition of an investigation....Above all, the press.'!.should not have the slightest information' about our methods of procedure." Footnote: Sen. Abourezk has i n t r o d u c e d legislation that would eliminate the State Department's Office of Publia., Safety, which runs the International Police Academy. A Potpourri Excerpts From The World Of Thought INDEXATION. Milton Friedmar), "Using Escalators to Help Fight Inflation," Fortune, July 1974, pp. 94-97, 174-176. "The real obstacles .to ending inflation are political, not economic. Ending inflation would deprive government of revenue .that it now obtains, without', legislation. Ending inflation would also produce a temporary, though perhaps fairly protracted, period of recession or slowdown and relatively high unemployment." "These obstacles to ending inflation can be substantially- reduced through what has come to be called "indexation" -- the widespread use of price-escalator clauses in private and governmental contracts. Such arrangements are not a good thing in and of themselves. They are simply a lesser evil than a badly managed money. The widepsread use of escalator clauses would hot by itself either increase or decrease the rate of inflation," "But it would reduce the r e v e n u e that government acquires from inflation -- which means that government would have less incentive to inflate. More important, it would reduce the adverse side effects that elective measures to ends inflation would have ton output and employment." "The major objection, to indexation is the allegation that escalators have an inflationary impact on the economy. In this form, the statement is simply false. An escalator goes into effect only as the result of a prior price increase. Whence came that? An escalator can go down as well as up. If inflation slows, and hence so do wage increases, do escalators have a delfationary impact?" "Escalators have no direct effect on the rate of inflation. They simply assure that inflation affects diferent prices and wages alike, and thus they moderate distortions in relative prices and wages." LESSONS OF HISTORY. Peter L. Berstein, "Arn Common Stocks Really Good Investments?" Challenge/ July-' August 1974, pp. 56-61. "...I believe that the historical experience is relevant to predicting slock prices in today's environment. And this experience can teach us the following: First, we should view with great skepticism prediction of high returns from price .appreciation over the long run. The really long-run trend of stock prices is nothing to get excited about; the shorter-term performance of stock prices is highly variable and therefore treacherous from a prediction standpoint." "Second, the larger part of the return accruing to shareholders over time seems to come from dividends. This is true at any time price performance is poor, but divided income is important even when price performance is good." "Third, nothing in the record ' of the past hundred years or so can tell us whether stocks are or are not a good hedge against inflation." "Fourth, bond yields are indeed an important determinant of slock prices, but the rate of change in bond yields seems to be even more important than their level." "Finally, Great Bull Markets are rare birds indeed, and they have unpredictable life-spans (which also means they have p r e d i c t a b l y surprising · demises). Investors would be well advised to plan their strategies on the assumption that upward movements in stock prices are likely to be limited in magnitude and even more likely to be limited in duration." "The Great Inflation," Saturday Review-World, July 27, 1974, pp. 12-17. "For the immediate future, the worst of the inflation seems to be over. Price increases will not continue .as they have in the past, because the rate of increase in the money supply has slowed and governments seem, belatedly, to be sensitive to this factor." "But a general rollback of prices to some halcyon level will not happen. It has been the hypothesis throughout that Inflation -- that is. pric« in- W A S H I N G T O N WHIRL: Army Secretary Eloward Calla-way has frozen the reserve, promotion of former Nixon campaign lawyer Paul O'Brien,., who was implicated in th e ds . who was implicated in tha Watergate hush money case. A Pentagon spokesman told us · Callaway discovered O'Brien had been promoted to brigadier general, froze him in his rank as colonel and is now giving the case "further evalua-, tion"...Sen Strom Thurmond, R-S.C., and Rep. Wayne Hays,. D-Ohio, feel they are too well- known to bother with name tags. At a recent testimonial dinner, both men scorned name ' tags claiming that "everyon* knows me." * What Others Say creases -- is required to equilibrate the available supplies of goods with the new, higher level of money supply," "Much of that equilibrating is past. Recent high interest rates reflect the reduction of money-supply growth; and penalizing though they are for the housing. .industry and for those businesses that rely on cheap credit, it would seem better to bear them than to increase the money supply again with further, future inila- tionary consequences. Interest rates, too, appear to have passed their peak." "The real question, however, is future policy with respect to inflation.:.. The main rule would be to contain the money supply within the bounds set by the growth of output, with a view to achieving something close to price stability." "It is also necessary to take a more sophisticated view of the unemployment statistics. The rush to inflate when the overall unemployment rate rises to five per cent or so must stop." "Similarly, the time is at hand for international financial cooperation to coordinate movements of the money supply among the major nations, again with a view to their orderly and rational growth within the bounds of new reduction." Bible Verse ."And as ye would that men should do. to you, do ye also to them likewise." Luke 6:31 Here is a guide line that we rarely follow and yet it is the best argument for fair treatment ever given. "And he took the book of the covenant, and read in the audience of the people: and they said. All that the Lord hath said will we do, and be obedient." Exodus 24:7 This is the commitment that pleases God and reaches people. Father give us a greater hunger for your word with a desire to obey and share It. In Jesus' name. Amen. HELPING OUT Arkansas River Valley broiler: producers are taking unusual' action to keep one of their markets open and operating. ·· · Many growers offered to worK in Val-mac Industries' pro- · cessing plants at Russellville. and Dardanelle, which faced". shut-down in the wake of a strike by union employes. It: was reliably reported the plants · were operating at about half- capacity with the makeshift- workforce. One of the movers in the. development, Charles Stark of Hector, is broiler chairman for, the Poultry Division of Pope-, County Farm Bureau. He ac-. tively recruited broiler farm- operators and their families for the plants, and assigned two- persons from his farm to the processing lines. Stark put his position in terms that were easy to understand. "We have chickens ready to kill," he said. "The only way I know to get rid of them is- to pitch in and get them killed." The strike began July 1 and. continues. Stark estimated 40 to; 50 broiler growers and members of their families were working in the plants five days later. We think the move by Stark- and his contemporaries is unprecedented. And necessary. Broilers that have reached marketable age cannot be held. T h e whole production-processing timetable is geared to processing birds at the optimum of feed conversion and siz*. preferred by consumers. Further, a steady movement of birds to the plants, per. milting near-capacity operation, can mean the difference between profit and loss, both for the growers and the companies. And it h a s meant generally stable and reasonable prices for consumers. , Disaster lurks when broilers; are held at the farm past the. pick-up dale. Every minute" over schedule means more expensive feed consumed, loss in quality, susceptibility to, disease and, In the instant case,, over-exposure to high temperatures. Some losses already have"been recorded in the valley. Growers and the companies. don't agree on everything, by'. a long shot. But producers know; they are out of business when; their market collapses. And the; companies know it. And t h e ; unions know it. j We should hope the contro-2 versy is 1 temporary and the'; need for farmers on the lines' soon disappears. In the'mean-;-. time, it is clearly in the Interest; of the growers to help keep the; plants in operation. --Farm Bureau Pr«*» ·

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