Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on August 4, 1974 · Page 26
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August 4, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 26

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Sunday, August 4, 1974
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Northwest Arkon«i» TIMES, Sun., AUB. 4, 1974 ·' 70 FAYETTEVILLI, ARKANSAS Because Of Preoccupation With Impeachment Election Reform May Die Aborning WASHINGTON (AP) -- Election reform, the offspring ot Watergate, may die aborning because of Watergate and congressional preoccupation with impeachment. An important bill to clean up election' of federal officials is scheduled for House floor action this week but there may not be time to complete work on the measure before ii is washed into history by impeachment proceedings. Meanwhile, it's business as usual in campaign finance, with the same political financiers who helped buy the 1972 scandals piling up the money and politicians standing in line to get it. The 28 senators seeking re election this year had raised 18.6 million in campaign money y May 31, according to n com- jilation by Common Cause. The registered special inter- t S'oups which traditionally contribute'huge sums to candidates, presumably in hope of aeing remembered later, had stored up $14.7 million by the end of May and already given away $2.6 million. That's almost twice as much as the same groups reported spending in the 1972 congressional cam- iaigns. In the first weeks of 1973, as the .Watergate scandals began to erupt, some 50 bills were in troduced in Congress to cleat elections and prevent repeats o. 1 1972. MEASURES PASSED By the end of July 1973 the Senate had passed a broad re- orm measure and sent it lo the louse. An attempt to acid pubic financing n! elections through a rider to other bills vas killed, but a new effort this year succeeded in the Senate. Almost a year after the Sendie passed its first reform measure, the House Administration Committee finally reported a bill late last month. Now the bill faces the impeachment crwich. Should the House bill pass promptly when it reaches the floor Wednesday, which is unlikely because key amendmenl fights are expected, it still must go to a conference com would come from Rules Committee, which erees mittee to iron out differences vilh the Senate version. What's more, the Senate ccn- ' the _ al- ·eady has the more compelling task of drawing up rules and procedures for an impeachment trial. , ,, In about another week the House will move into full debate on impeachment. Within a few weeks after '-hat a trial would begin in the Senate if the House votes to impeach. This means a gap of only a f e w ' d a y s to get a conference report before both bodies for final passage, in competition with other bills running the same gantlet and fighting for the same precious time. Says Opponent Judy Petty Mills: Formidable, Vulnerable (TIMESplioto by Bay Gray) NYC YOUTH HELP BUILD SCHOOL .. .more than 20 teenagers have assisted in construction at Farmington school this summer NYC Helps Build New Farmington Building LITTLE ROCK (AP) -- Re-.place it with commitments to The new Farmington Elementary School may be ready for classes Aug. 2(i. If it is some of the credit for meeting the target date will go to the assistance provided by Neighborhood ' Youth Corps (NYC) participants this past summer. More than 20 NYC youths have worked on the school since the NYC program got underway June 15 and nearly half of them have been transported to the school from the Lincoln area. School officials anticipate that the school will be ready, but if it is not, school will o p e n Sept. 3. "This Is the most visible project. Supervisors and crews, including both boys and girls .have worked" said Mrs. Jane Butcher, counselor-coordinator for Washington County. This is the final year for the NYC program which provides work experience for low- income, disadvantaged teenagers between 14 and 20 years of age. It has been in operation for the past eight years. Plans are underway for the summer program, now ad ministered under the Ozark Manpower Inc., to be continued under a different financing and administration setup. The program was funded by the Department of Labor this year in the amount of $442,942 'or the nine-county area of the Northwest Arkansas Economic Development district. Washing,on County's share was $147,647. NYC enrollees come from low iconic families and the summer employment makes il possible for many of them to continue to attend school. Parti cipants receive the minimum wage of $2 per hour and work 32 hours each week. In addition to the Farmington school project NYC youths have worked with the county road building crews, as teacher-aides In Head Start Centers, assisted in summer renovation ol schools in other districts, and helped in city and county offices. One wa sassigned lo assisl Larry Totnpkins chairman of the Washington County Historical Society's committee on development of a county his toric site register. A second is assisting in the cataloguing of ,he Tom Feathers Memorial Library, also a project of the society, directed by the president, Dwain E. Manske. NYC youths have also worked at Battlefield Park near Prairie 3rove and at Devil's Den State Park. The Winslow Cannery also served as a work station. Counselors make an effort to place enrollees in jobs they will ike. Interviews are held to determine applicant skill and interests," Mrs. Butcher said. The program will end Aug. 23 or when school starts, whichever dates comes first, said Mrs. Butcher. A special highlight of the work experience this summer was a two-day trip to Little Rock. The youths visited the capitol building, the zoo and the nearby Air Force base. The trip was made possible by allocation of $17,000 in recreational funds to the district. Mrs. Butcher, a graduate of the University of Arkansas \vith a bachelor degree in English, spent two and a half years as a social worker in Virginia before returning to Fayetteville. publican Judy Petty, the 30- year-old female who is trying to unseat Arkansas' senior congressman, Wilbur D. Mills, says the things which make Mills a formidable opponent also make him vulnerable. Mrs. Pelty said Mills is formidable primarily because he is powerful, but she said she thinks the voters in the 2nd Congressional District do not believe Mills is using his power properly. "There may he an exception somewhere, but 36 years is just too long to serve," she said. "When they've been there that long, they begin to feel the seat, the.prestige and the power is theirs. And when they start believing that, the abuses begin." Mrs. Petty, who is divorced and has two children, said she believed the seat itself is much more important that the person who occupies it, and that reelection politics would not affect her vote on any matter. "When you play the 'How do I get re-elected game,' that's when you become a political hack and stop representing the people. Mainly, what they are looking for is integrity," she said. Mrs. Petty is Mills' first op- Hostage's Mother Just Waits And Worries small \ about a library last May. Now, the since July 24. "Of all the through, and Forty-three from tin-ought completed the Aug. 1. T h e wi "Social Vah Issues," wa University, I Council on Philip Besonen, West Fork; Decalur; Ai Ourand, Lii of Eentonville. Rogers. Jackie L. Law 1 Academy at East Camden E, Tex. (AP) -grew up in a trimmed house from the Walls xas penitentiary. ork in the prison ay. 43-year-old Mrs. captive In that 11- a group of hos- / three convicts things I've been 1 we've been this has been the Mrs. Standley's Jim Crockett. ,t, who is a wid- had talked to her n Judy got per- Fred Gomez Car- uler of the con- icne home. g more about my " said Mrs. Cro- i Workshop rsily Ends school teachers ut the slate have e Workshop on ication held at the Arkansas July 15- 'kshop, entitled 3s and Economic sonsored by the e Arkansas Stale Economic Educa- e Department of d the Joint Coun- lic Education. Dr. *n assistant pro- cation was direc- ts completing the e Alice Brewer of ^athl^n -Frank*; nl \ainien r i a i i K a ui ne Gray, Janice da Parnell, Peg nd Mrs. Julie \Vie- yelteville; Chery: William D. Wall Liltrell and Garry Springdlale: Mary r of Farmington; Smith of Siloam Kay Stanberj-y o 1 im A. Woodruff of ei Course Jones, patrolman artment of Public University of Ar compleled a basic ng course at the cement Training :kett, 67, who has had a heart attack and undergone ; surgery wice in the past year.. ". . . The strain has been so great on the families of the hos- .ages, because we don't know rom one minute to the next how they are," . Mrs. Crockett ·said. She mentioned a report that Judy, a divorcee with five children, had agreed to leave with Carrasco if other hostages could be released. "I know where she is now, but when they leave, we won't. know where she will he. You sit eight days, but unless you are a mother, you just don't know what it is like," she said, adding: "It's just hour after h o u r , day and night . . . I don't get back there to my bed before I o'clock and when I get there, I School Secretaries Complete Workshop Thirty-seven public school secretaries attended the anua W o r k s h o p f o r Educationa Office Personnel at the University of Arkansas, which concluded Friday. The workshop is sponsored by the UA and the Arkansas Association of Educa- ional Secretaries. Program for the workshop. which began Monday, includet instruction in oral and written communication, office techniques and forms, dealing with problem children, knowing me's self and relating to others, information on recent lega developments in school matters, students and drugs and alcoho and the school. Thse from this area attending the conference were Faye Smith of Elkins am Coleen Stokes of Fayetteville. To Take Post Dr. E.. L. Stephenson, head of the University of Arkansas Animal Sciences Department, will become presidenit of the Poultry Science Association when that group meets Aug. 5-8 at West Virginia University i Morganlown, W. Va. Dr. Stephenson currently is the iirst vice president of the international group, which consists of a membershir- of several thousand poultry sclent- isits. More than 1,000 persons, including families, are expectet to attend the West Virginia XJnl- an't sleep. Whn I close my yes, all I see flashing before e is, 'What condition is Judy "... I had death in my fami- .'. I gave up a husband, par- nls, brothers and a sister in eath but this is the worst I've een through. It all seems so enscless," Mrs. Crockett said. Judy's strength has helped er family: her five children, er mother, two brothers and a sler. "We try to be .liglilhearlcd nd keep our spirits up but you an't get away from it," said udy's sister, Sue Wade of Alin, Tex. "We go along in our ppnent from either party in eight years. She said she doesn't know why Mills had no Democratic opposition this spring unless It was a. lack \ol cdiirage o n ' t h e part of those who indicated last year they would be interested in running when Mills said he might not seek re-election because of recurring back problems. CRITERIA She said most people believe it would be necessary to. meet four standards to even have a chance of defeating Mills -being a Democrat, having money, being a man and being well-known. Mrs. Pelty said there a r e , a lot of people who possess those qualifications and would like to run, but that they lacked the courage. Mrs. Petty said she does not possess any of the four factors she mentioned, but that she did at least have the courage to run. . "I waited late to file," she said, adding, "it would h a v e have run, but it's a real sor have r u n , but it's a real sore point with me when any politician goes unchallenged." ' Mrs. Petty said that in the past, she had h a d ' t h e feeling tha.t Mills' "seniority, power and prestige ha:l been good for Arkansas, but now I think the people want someone to represent them -- ant! there aren't special interests." They become part of the "go- along-to-get-along" crowd, she said. Mrs. Petty said she thinks Mills' time is now occupied by an effort to retain control of the House Ways and Means Committee of which he is chairman. . She said that as a congresswoman she would be concerned with the day-to-day things that affect people's lives and that she believed Mills is concerned with things which benefit him personally :-- not caring much anymore about helping the people back home. "He talks about tax changes in the name of tax reform, but in reality, they would only hurt the middle man," she said. A commentary written by Louise Brown, an Internal Revenue, Service project director for the Tax Reform Research Group, which is associated with Ralph Nader's Public Citizen, Inc., said,. "Middle-income taxpayers who count on their deductions to salvage what they can from a 12 per cent inflation economy...will lose $2.5 billion in federal income tax benefits next year, if the tax-writing Ways arid Means Committee confirms tentative changes it made...in the law." TRUST NEEDED Mrs. Petty .issued a state- the past behind closed doors," she said. "They have been Mills' personal tax programs. Someone with a commitment to t h e middle-class taxpayer needs to be really outspoken on that committee." About - the . Foreign Affairs Committee, she said, "I am upset over the billions we are sending overseas that are just going down ratholes. If this trend continues, I would like to be there to blow the whistle on some of the spending. They are going to bankrupt the country and the taxpayers if they keep on spending." She said she added the Armed Services Committee be cause it is also one of the big gest offenders of overspending "Perhaps the most appealing campaign promise a candidate could make is a pledge not to ntroduce a bunch -of money nils," she said. "I think the people want someone who will ;et the government off their jack and out of their pocketbook." - , Mrs. Potty said she has been putting in about 18 hours a day in her campaign against Mills and said she "would not hesitate to do what it lakes lo get the job done in Washington." 1 1 think the people feel alien- ment recently, saying she believed America was at a cross- clearly If this chance Is lost and no bill is passed this year, reformers contend, the whole ball game may go. Once Ihe impeachment question is resolved one way or the other, they fear, Watergate will fade from tha headlines and with it the momentum toward reform. COMPLAINTS Although they are complaining that slow movement in the House has endangered tho bill, reformers generally concede the measure finally reported by the committee is better than they had hoped 18 months ago. Still, it has some loopholes which ensure a continuing fight on the House floor, in conference and for a new bill next year if it conies to that. On the positive side both Senate and House bills set limi(3 on individual contributions, ·gifts by organizations, the amounts candidates can raise and how much they can spend. The contribution and spending figures in the two bills are so close together that they should lead to easy compromise in conference, if the House bill is not amended drastically on he floor. aled because they office h o l d e r s feel are) (the accessible," she said. "To remedy that, I would like to install an incoming WATS line for my constituents. As the bill stands now, the louse would limit its members and their challengers to spend- ng no more than $75,000 each or primaries and elections. The Senate bill would hold Senate races to $125,000 or 8 cents per voter, whichever is higher, in primaries and $175.000 or 12 cents per voter in general elections. Presidential candidates would be held to about $10 million each for primary campaigns and about $20 million in the general election. By comparison, President. Nixon's 1972 campaign had a $60 million Warren Believed Nation Would Survive Watergate Tragedy SACRAMENTO, Calif. (AP) -- Shortly before he died, former Chief Justice Earl Warren told a longtime friend he was optimistic that "our country '" survive this tragedy" of roads. · marked "One -· road 'government through many up there now who are doing that." mall tragedies but there's She said the difference he- othing really overwhelming nlil something like this ... Ve'ye been up around the administration building. We've een the pictures on television. Ve'vc talked to Judy, we kind f know what's going on, but ist like I said, it still is un- eal." After her divorce, Judy gradated from Sam Houston State Jniversity by taking courses in ibrary science. Her five children -- from the ,'oungest, who wants to be a po- iccman. to the oldest, who is a ire-med student -- gathered In Inntsville. Dru Sfandley, (he elder of udy's two daughters, felt that er mother would be out the irst night. "That was Wednes- lay night, ot course, and this Is past the second Wednesday now," said Sue Wade. Aveen her serving in the Congress and Wilbur Mills being re-elected was that "he has had 36 years to show what he can do, and I can't think of one thing he can do in the next two years that he has been unable or unwilling to do in the past 36. YOUTH VS. AGE "One person alone can't make all the difference, but if they have any courage, they can blow the whistle on -such things as overspending. All across the country I think we are going to see young people challenging old-style politicians. Togethor, I think we can make a difference. "I think most congressmen probably start out with a commitment to the people, but over a period of 40 years, they can lose that commitment and re- trust' and the other road just as clearly marked 'government through concealment.'" Later, in an interview, she challenged Mills on what 'she said was a direct conflict in statements he made about being a candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1972. In a front-page story . in the Arkansas Gazette on April 6, 1972, Mills, the · paper said, "formally opened his campaign for the April 25 Massachusetts Democratic Presidential Primary in Boston...with an open house... "Mills told newsmen he was undaunted by his poor showing in the Wisconsin Presidential Primary. 'I didn't campaign there,' he said. He said he planned to spend at least 10 days, off and on, campaigning in Massachusetts before the primary." In a recent petition of the Hot Springs Sentinel Record, Mills was quoted as saying he never had been a candidate for the presidency. "I didn't want the presidency," he was quoted as saying. ''Someone,would have to have a screw'ldose to want it. I know the onerous responsibility involved. I never did become a candidate. Mrs. Petty, responding lo a question, said she would like lo serve on the Ways and Means Committee and on the Foreign Affairs Committee, and as an afterthought, she added the Watergate. Writing from his hospital bed, Warren cautioned against overreaction to Watergate by- tampering with the Constitution. "I have never known anything bad happening to our na- .ion through adherence lo the Constitution as it now stands," Warren said in a letter in June t o C h a n c e l l o r Dean E McIIenry of the University of California at Santa Cruz. "Our country will survive this tragedy and will do so if an enlighted citizenry will give its attention lo the affairs of government on all its levels," he said. · Warren had hoped to address banquet honoring McHenry on June 6. The letter expresed regret that he could not attend. "Some angina which T have had on occasion for some time acted up, and the doctor insisted in putting me here in the hospital, where I must remain for a' few days longer," Warren change nor the consequences of doing so in such unsettled times." ' Warren said he was concerned about proposals such as taking the Justice Department and FBI out of the executive branch; abolishing the vice presidency "merely because :ne man has disgraced the office," and changing the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court because of the nation's crime problem. But he said, "I believe we should remember the truism that we don't tear down goo luildings merely because they lave been ccupicd by bad ten Both bills provide for presidential campaigns to be financed out o i . public Tunds through the income tax check- off system already in effect. The Senate also would pro- .ide public funding oh a matching basis for Senate and House races, but the House version includes no public support of congressional races, leaving them to the current private contributor system. From there the divisions grow deeper. Allhough both bills include slrict reporting requirements, including provision lhat any gift of S100 or more be revealed arid the source named, they break down on enforcement. The Senate wants an independent enforcement commission akin to the current federal regulatory agencies, including the right to prosecute offenders rather than turning them over to the Justice Deparment. Copies of the letter were pub lished in the Sacramento Bee and the Santa Cruz Sentinel. Armed Services Committee. "Taxes have been written In said. He died July 9 at the age of 83. Warren said he wanted lo plead with the students not to become cynical over Water- gale. "I wanted to impress upon them that they-not only should, but could, be an important factor In solving many of the problems of our day," said Warren, who retired in 1969 after presiding over the Supreme Court for 16 years. "We are only in great national trouble when people violale o r circumvent the Constitution," he said. "The atmosphere of today will permit neither proper evaluation of any constitutional The House version would create a board of supervisors including the clerk of the House and secretary of the Senate, the comptroller general and four private citizens appointed by the congressional leadership. Answers From Puzzle On Page 6-A THE DELIVERS! 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