Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on August 4, 1974 · Page 20
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August 4, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 20

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Sunday, August 4, 1974
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SECTION D FAYETtEVILLE, ARKANSAS, SUNDAY, AUGUST 4, 1974 A UA Agri E onomist Explains Why Rummaging Through File '13' I have a number of items to clean off my desk this week so if you have something else that needs doing, why, ahead. Don't wait for me. go Food Prices Go Up First of all, I have a note tjon from the National Hot Dog and Sausage Council advising me that "Americans ate : some 650 million hot dogs during, the recent four-day 4th of July weekend." - . · - This is-a staggering statistic, perhaps, but it confirms my worst suspicions as to the receding level of American taste. The news release doesn't say, but I'd imagine that a goodly percentage of the dogs in question were of that 'ghastly "smoky flavor" variety. Somewhat typical of this new breed of American gastronome is a young college student I visited with earlier this summer. Just home for the summer vacation period from attending a West Coast institution, the young man proudly confided that the. drive hack and forth is much .easier now than when By RICK PENDERGRASS TIMES Staff Writer A University of Arkansas agricultural economist says an American obsession that the United States would always be able to produce a surplus of food was a major factor leading to today's high grocery prices. Dr. Calvin Berry said the high food costs to the consumer are a result of several significant economic incidents beginning with the birth of corporate farming in the early 1930s and the subsequent rapid increase in farm technology and produc- "The rising world population lad to come to a point sooner or .later when everyboy -even the rich United States -would feel the effects of food shortages," Berry said. "Well, we've reached that point. "And when foods are in short supply, prices are going to rise." The development of the agricultural economy over the last 40 years has -been complex as farms moved out of the hands of small landowners into the holdings of massive corporations; as the;U.S. became more deeply involved in the international food market, and as-outside factors such as fuel shortages and inflation tipped the delicate balance that had held prices down. , But Berry said one of the ma- ior factors contributing to today's situation is that for years the U.S. was able to produce more than it could use or export, even with government efforts to hold down production. WRONG DECISION "Somewhere along the line, about five years ago, somebody decided that we had an uncanny ability to magically produce all the food that we jwantea ^and they sold off all our. reserves,'' Berry said. "So now we have no more reserves of grain; grain is in short supply and high demand, and prices are high. Grain is the key here." Berry expalined that grain is the basic food item in the international market because ultimately almost all staple foods derive from grain: livestock and poultry are fed grain, so when grain prices rise, production prices for animals rise; the most densely populated areas of the world depend heavily on grains to feed their people -rice, wheat and pats in Asia, for example:', -ii':-;"You ,mTtis1jv".remember that when you '.eat-meat, you're just eating grain that has been put through an animal, usually corn or milo," he said. The second important factor making grain the coin of inter- he first enrolled^ How come? Well he has compiled a complete listing of McDonald hamburger outlets from here to the Pacific Ocean. Folk Center Plans New Look At Past By SUSAN MCMURRY The goal of the Ozark Folk Center at Mountain V i e w is Doth to preserve the past and ,o continue to practice these inherited Ozark traditions in the present day for the entertainment .and education of the visiting public. During the 1974 season, the first stage of a continuing project is being developed in order T H E BUFFALO RIVER National Park has been working with a staff of about two or three since it set up shop a year ' a£o. Official personnel -including Supt, Donald Spalding and a couple of rangers have been operating out of Harrison. Now, a new ranger is being added for the upper part of the river. The new chap is Bob Arnberger, 27, and he will have headquarters at Pruitt. Arnberger's previous Park service has been Gila Cliff Dwelling National Monument : in New - Mexico; Tumacacori National Monuinent in Arizona, and Fort Union National oMnument, in New Mexico. The new ranger is a graduate of'the University of New Mexico at Albuquerque, and is a former school teacher. to illustrate the goals of Center. the TO SOME EXTENT every politician must balance per- lonal conviction with competing pressures of public opinion in deciding how to. vote on the various issues that come before him. Some decisions are relatively evident. Some far less to. The Folk Center's C r a f t Forum, which is partially funded by a grant from th Neational Endowment .of the Arts, is now in the process of recreating a typical pioneer settlement beginning with the first homestead cabin during this 1974 season. The cabin is being constructed temporarily on the Craft Forum grounds on an open green near the Primitive Furniture Shop. Native Ozark workmen are- laboring through ;he summer and fall in selecting the timber, cutting and notching-: the logs,- constructing walls, floor and ceiling, splitting the shingles for the roof and finally topping the one-room cabin in mid-October. Each craftsman at the Ozark Folk Center is creating an item for t h i s Mountain cabin. Handmade furniture, quilts, pottery, homespun wool woven into rugs, andirons for the fireplace forged by the blacksmith, and every other daily need in the cabin. HARVEST FESTIVAL During the Center's October Harvest Festival (Oct. 14-31) the cabin will be furnished with all the handmade items in the Rep. Johnny Hammerschmidt just a few days ago cast his vote on a highly publicized strip mining bill on the side of the mining industry. To a regree this is understandable because there is a smattering of coal mining in Arkansas, with practically all of: it in the Third Congressional District. Arkansas mines about .5 the nation's coal . .5 per , if 1 n I er cent of ·ecall the nation's coal, if I recall the pro- proper figure (it isn'a a major segment of the state's economy in any event). On the opposite side of the issue are a good many environmentalists, a flock of whom reside and vote in the Third District. I would guess, from this, that the gentleman from Harrison is not persuaded that the higher duty in this issue is to the environment. The issue, as I understand it, is that the proposed legislation would require that strip miners repair the trenches created by their operations. The general estimate is that this would cause about a 2 per cent increase in operation expenses, a sum that would be passed on~to the eventual consumer. I suppose the rationale for going along with the coalmen is that energy needs are presently paramount. This is the argument being pressed by the oil industry and the auto industry in its campaigns to relax environmental standards. The strip miners are .part and parcel of a wide ranging push on the part of regulated agencies and industries to roll back a substantial part of today's environmental standards package. We can see elements of the campaign here in Northwest Arkansas in at least three or four instances. We have to believe, from present indicators, that the present congressman from this district is morally as well as politically unsympathetic to the general proposition of conservation. It might be recalled in this connection that he helped stall the Buffalo River park bill through one session of Congress. Craft Forum. The public is invited to share in the "house varming." This first cabin will hen be moved in its entirety and serve as the first stage of he pioneer village which will e growing through the years n . the forest-land surrounding he present Folk Center facili- ies. In future years, visitors will see construction of neighboring cabins of various sizes and sty- es; barns for pie suppers and square dances; a small church- louse for singings, weddings and funerals; and eventually a 'ully working farm with primi- ,ive tools, farm animals and traditional methods of plowing, planting, harvesting, and food preservation. As you visit the Ozark Folk Center ask the craftsmen to tell you how they will be contribut- Centrai Fire Station Wellington Center Rockwood Trail VOTING PRECINCTS COMBINED FOR VOTE ...map shows where Fayetteville voter s will report to the-polls in Act 9 election Special City Bond Election Coming Up Aug. 27 national agricultural exchange is its storage potential. Fresh produce, fruits and vegetables and meats can't be stored in massive qlantities for long periods without the complicated and expensive processes freezing or canning. "The marketing system tor food is unique lo economics," Berry said. "Food is an absolute necessity, therefore there always is aVdemarid. But on the other hand, ojice;'jipme body has all the food he wants, you can't sell him -more food no matter how much you lower the price. They'll still buy the same amount. "So what this means is that the demand is relatively stable, according to the populaton." SUPPLY STABLE With corporate, mechanized farming, supply has become more stable, too, he said. As in manufacturing, large agricultural operations work on a projected production schedule to justify the;-cost'-of;.'investment, v." "''''"i^s'-; 1 .', ·;; .\ "The people? who ..supply the bulk of the -basic'-'food "commodities -- the giant wheat farms, the big livestock operations and the integrated poultry operations - have millions of dollars invested in the market. They have to keep up a certain level of production to make any :o keep losses down," Berry profit -- and often just to try said. "So what we have is a fairly rigid supply factor and a fairly rigid demand factor. These two may work smoothly as, long as no extra factors are'thrown in. We saw that in high.production high quality and-lgsy prices ol food in this country for a couple of decades." But a combination of- factors outside the smooth'system join ed to upset the balance in the 1960s, beginning with unexpected disasters in Asian crops In India, for instance, two consecutive droughts threatenec millions of people with famine The United States, with the lar gest food reserves in the worli and with the world's larges production capabilities, began to send the surpluses to the stricken Asian countries. .. "At that point, we 'were wel into the international food^supp ly picture -- it was no longe a question of 'Do we hav enough to take "care of our selves?' but a matter of poolin our resources to keep up world supply of food." But the U.S. government con tmued its policy of holdin down production to hold dow surplus, although a tradition a surplus did exist into the 1970s PRICE SUPPORTS 'The government reasone that to keep food prices lo in this country, the governmei itself could by, any excess pr duction. This was price suppor That did - work to hold price low to ensure the farmer g something for his work-- DR. CALVIN BERRY .'when' supplies'grow short prices rise higher, though it may not have bee inch -- and to keep a supply food on hand for an emer- ency. Such an emergency as major drought, for instance," erry said. The current administration evcloped the policy, however, lat large food surpluses were ot desirable and produced an rtificial effect on the market, o in 1971-72, after a record sur- lus year in 1970, the U.S. bean selling its large reserves o Asian -countries, Australia nd Russia, each of which had uffered major crop failures, 'he last ot the major sales was ie" controversial wheat sale lo Soviet Union in 1972 -- a e'al- which virtually drained all f o'lir reserves. "Of course there are people vho said that we shouldn't have old our reserves and left our- elves without a buffer for imergencies at home. Perhapb ve had a moral responsibility o help those millions of people acing possible starvation. Also t seemed inconceivable to mosi people - including th ecxpcrls -- that we wouldn't be able to rebuild our reserves right away," .Berry said. "But' we 'didn't build those jrain reserves back right away o supply .is : marginal, demanc is :Still-high, and consequently so are prices." "Berry'said the situation wa further complicated with a se parate factor of rising inflation which at the time of the sal of our reserves had reached a most runaway levels. "Inflation worldwide increase all production costs, to add t the problem. Then add th phased price controls. The froze food at the retail leve but not at the farm level. Thi of course, was fine for th farmers --.;fpr while -- bu it,, was , running producers an marketers toward bankruptcy so they had to cut back. Again shortened supply of food meai gher prices when the freeze nally was lifted. The prq'dir ers had to make up for loose's uftered under the pfica queeze. v.; FUEL SHORTAGE : "Then add the final complica- on -- the fuel shortage, t-A lorlage of fuels in agriculture .cans problems every way you ook at it. Fuel became scarce nd expensive, so production ost for food rose even more, hat was passed along to .tha onsumcr, so h e r e we sit,;" lerry said. ·/ But what of the future --will ood prices go down? "You have to overcome each if these problems," he said./'If nflation is checked, the' rela- ive price of food may ease, f we can rebuild our surpluses, ve certainly won't be in such a bind on supply. ; . ·. "But I don't think we'll ever ve certainly won't be in such or years. We lived in this couh- ry for decades with the lowest cost food in the world. We also lad cheap energy. I don't think: either of those will change. Either we've caught up with the est of the world or the rest of the world has caught'up with us. ' ; "I think if we can have ;a good crop this year, it might relieve some of the urgency of the situation and set the stags for a recovery next year of our reserves. But even this year.'s grain crop is under the dark' cloud because of drought conditions in the Midwest. We will experience a relative shortage of beef for a couple of years because of production cutbacks .in the indusitry the last couple of years. -. ^ "But I think the national po^ licy makeris will iearn from this situation and we won't have everything hit us at once again like it did this time. . ..;'· "I think the U.S. realizes now it's fully in the global market^"- ing to the first mountain cabin. V i s i t a r y c a b i n the site tempor- the Crafts Forum and see the personal care and detail which go into the construction of such a home. Each visitor can imagine Ihe experience of being the first homesteader in the wilderness, building where no other person has ever lived. Imagine, too. the sequence of buildings which will spring up around this isolated homestead according to a family's needs: the need for water, food, shelter for man an animals, for entertainment and for worship. These needs will be filed in gradual stages through the next few years at the Ozark Folk Center Village. Theft; Reported Burl Hollings'worth',-Hwy. 16 east, lojd Fay eltevll I?: i police that a stereo, tape player, six tapes and two .pair of pliers were stolen from his car Friday night. The car was parked at the. IGA Supermarket in the Westgate Shopping Center, Weekend Food Offer Benefits Hospital GRISWOLD, Conn. (AP) --. The Novaks are offering free 'ood at their roadside fruit and vegetable stand to help a hospital that helped their crippled daughter walk for the first time in her life. Hamburgers, hot dogs, corn on the cob, lemonade and soda are provided. In return, they're hoping to receive contributions for a children's hospital where 7-year-old Patricia is treated. "You get your hamburger or hot dog and put in the barrel whatever your heart feels," Anna Novak said of their sec orid annual weekend food offer. The Novaks have set a goal of $5,000 for their three-day project. Last year they raised well over that amount for the On Aug. 27, Fayetteville voters will go to the polls to ballot on the first Act 9 bond issue ever considered in the city. The $2 million issue, if approved, will be used for a major expan- son at the D.H. Baldwin Co. plant on Beechwood Avenue. The voters are to decide whether or niot Baldwin will construct a 100,000 square foot addition to the existing plant to enable the company to meet demand for increased production. The expansion would also mean that a greater number of local people can be employed in the future at the plant, Voting precincts for the special election will be somewhat different from those used in the primary elections, in that the 10 precincts will be combined into five. (See map.), COMBINED PRECINCTS. The combined precinct polling places are as follows: --Precincts 1 and 10 will vote at the Central Fire Station. --Precincts 2 and 3 will vote at Asbell School. 3 --Precincts 6 and 7 will vote at Root School. --Precincts 4 and 5 will vote at Washington School. --Precincts 8 and 9 will vote at St. Joseph's Catholic School. Although Fayetteville citizens have never before voted on ai Act 9 bond issue, this metho has been used extensively throughout the state to finand nevy industry or the cxpansio of existing industry. Act 9 wa adopted in 1960 and, since tha time, state voters have approv ed more than 270 industrial re venue bond issues totaling mor than $876 million. Such an issue cannot resul in any increase In a citizen' [axes or in any liability o the pairt of the city. The bond are secured totally by revenue From the company (worth a estimated $100 million) and lien of the company's property. EXPENSES PAID Ini addition, Baldwin ha agreed to pay all expenses con nected with the bond issue, in eluding the cost of the specia election. Proceeds of the bond issu hospital during a July Fourth would be used for construct! n weekend food giveaway. land equipping the proposed e ansion. The bonds may be is- ued at one time or in a series om time to time. Even if the D. H. Baldwin o, should fail, bond lawyers ay that neither the city or the axpayers would have any obli- ation. . There are two reasons for olding an election on a bond sue that cannot result in any ability on the part of the city r taxpayers. The first is that nly municipalities or counties an issue these special bonds nd, by law the voters must uthqrize their issuance. The lection is only for authority to ssue the bonds. The second reason .is the low- · interest rate. Income from \ct 9 bonds is exempt from ederal tax, therefore the in- erest rate is lower than would e the case with private financ- ng. Act 9 bond issues, such as his one, are not subject to pro lerty taxes. However, Baldwin, s is customary, has agreed to ray its full share of local, coun y and school property taxes. Passage of the bond issue vould not limit the ability o he city or county to authorize ulure bonds for schools, hospi als or other municipal needs The law permits authorization if industrial bonds seperate am apart from bonds for other pur poses. . . . Voters must be registered by Aug. 7 to be eligible to vote nthe special election. If a vot er has moved he or she shouli :ontact the county clerk anc lave his or her address Chang ed on the registration card. Baldwin has operated a plan n Fayetteville since 1958 an currenitly employs 630 peopl in the existing 160,000 square foo plant. Officials siay that the expect to increase production b about 25 per cenit the first yea after completion of the add lion. The plant's annual payro is more than $3,5 million. T h e company currentl manufactures 11 of the H di ferent varieties of Baldwin 01 gans sold nationwide. In add tion, many parts for other Bale win plants are manufacture here. The Fayetlevllle plant and mailer plant at DeQueen anufacture 118 electronic or- ans a day, using some 268,000 arts to make these organs, in- uding 27,000 transistors and ,000 diodes. The local plant is a result a decision made in the mid ISO's to expand the original incinnati, Ohio plant. hornfon Returns Home For Weekend DIERKS, Ark. (AP) -- Rep. lay Thornton, D-Ark., was mong several members of the House Judiciary Committee vho returned to their home dis- ricls. this .weekend for the first irrie' since the vote to recommend impeachment of Presi- |ent Nixon. · ·· Thornton, who has voted to ecommend three articles of mpeachmenl, could not be con- acted for comment. Thornton's mother said Satur!ay that her son had arrived in Arkansas Friday night and that le would return to Washington as soon as possible Saturday afternoon. Mrs. Thornton said the congressman was not scheduled to make any speeches in Arkansas this weekend, but that he was larlicipating in a parade in Jierks, a small Howard County '"iwn. Mrs. Thornton said she did lot know what kind of reaction ler son had been getting because of his votes to recommend impeachment. Wins Title CHICAGO (AP) -- "In chess, Fischer is god but I am the devil," Walter Browne, the na- iion's new chess champion once said. Browne, 25, nn international grandmaster and two-time Aus tralian champion, won the title of U.S. chess champion Friday when he finished with a draw in his 13th and final round of the national tournament. UA IS AWARDED FEDERAL GRANT The graduate program in judicial administration at the University of Arkansas has received its 'second grant from the Arkansas Commission on Crime and Law ^Enforcement. ' · ':,' ·'.·:'. ' The program is conducted by the UA department of political science. The grant was for $31,570 and will allow the program to continue at least through next June, according to Dr. Thomas Bellows, chairman of the Department of Political Science. The program is administered hy James L. Elston, assistant professor. With the renewal of the grant, the University will be able to continue as one of only four universities in the nation offering a graduate degree that focuses on the administration of justice and the preparation of judicial admin istrators. The program combines academic instruction on the principles of court ad ministration with a seven- month internship of practica experience and training i various Arkansas circu courts. Graduates of the program receive a master of public ad ministration degree with i specialization n judicial ad ministration. Six students ii the program currently ar undergoing internships. They are Jim Harlow o Fordyce, who is assigned t the Tihrd and 16th Judicia Districts; James Henderso: of Fayelteville who is workin in the Arkansas Judicial De partment at Little Rock; Nan cy Nunn of Blytheville, who i assigned to the Second Dis trict; John Stalffer of Rogers who is interning in the Fourth 14th and 19th Districts; Job Stewart of Gould, the 13t District; and Ronald Tribe of Ash Flat, the Ninth Di trict. The students bega ther nternshps July 22 an will complete their degree quirements next January, Ciiy Directors To Study New Year-Around Leash Ordinance The Fayetteville Board of irectors:is to. consider, a proved new animal control ordin- nce- at Tuesday night's eeting.- The most controver- al portion . of the ordinance alls for a year around "leash w." This ordinance covers a umber of areas related to the eeping of livestock and ani- als within the city. It also ets out regulations regarding treatment of animals, an- ual taxes, vaccinations and mpoundment. The controversial section of le ordinance states that "it lall he unlawful for the owner r person having charge of any og or cat...to permit such dog r. cat to run at large-upon ny. premises or street within of 1972) all seven were elected '-at . le city at any time." The board is expected to pprove everything contained in he ordinance except the "leash aw" portion, which is expectec o be brought before the voterr at the November elections. I hould he pointed out, however hat the board has the option approving the entire ordin ance. OTHER MATTERS Other matters to be consi dered by the board include: --A resolution authorizing the 3ily Manager to have engineer- rig' studies and cost estimates prepared for a street improve- rcent district for a portion of Mally Wagon Road. Several Droperty owners along the route lave petitioned the city, asking that they prepare the estimates. --Proposed approval of the Water and Sewer Department budget. (The Water and Sewer Department began its fiscal year Aug. 1. The remainder of the city operates on a calendar year.) --An ordinance approving the large scale development plan ol James F. Freeman for property located at the intersection of College Avenue and Longview Street. --A proclamation by Mayor Russell Purdy calling for a special election for members o he Board of Directors. Pu'fdy s expected'to announce a data f Nov. 5, coinciding with She cneral elections. TM NEW PROPOSAL £ At the last board electioni'fin November " members ,,, arge," there being no provision o elect them otherwise. A§ a ·esult, six of the seven mem- ers of the board are from'lha ame ward. '.:, Act 498 of 1973 makes it possi- )Ie to elect four directors from specific wards and the remain- 'ng three at large. ~ --An ordinance adopting th'a 973 edition of the Southern Standard Gas Code. The 1969 version is currently in use. ··'-'. --A resolution authorizing !tha mayor and city clerk to execute a license agreement with the Federal Aviation Administration for a 20 by 40 foot tract of land adjacent ot the Flight Service Station at Drake Field for a shop and storage building. --A request by the City Mana g e r for a resolution authorizing the allocation-'of $2,200 from the General Fund Operating Reserves to the Library Operations account-for one additional staff member's salary. The meeting begins at 7:39 ).m. in the Directors Room at City Hall. The public in encouraged to attend. Forgot Loot DUNN, N.C. (AP) -- Two men held up the night clerk at the Ramada Inn here early Saturday. But they forgot to faR« the loot. '· Night clerk Horace McLamb told police two armed menjeh- tered the motel and demanded the money from the cash drawer. He turned it over and the thieves put it on a chair wh'ije they relieved him of his wallet and watch. ~', When they fled they foFgbt the cash, about $900, officeft said. In the wallet: $12.- . ;

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