Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on August 4, 1974 · Page 11
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August 4, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 11

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Sunday, August 4, 1974
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6B · Northwest Arkansas TIMES, Sun., Aug. 4, 1974 FAYETTEVH-LE, ARK6NSAS · __ Fayetteville Scene Revealed Narc' Sheds Light On Drug Society By'MMDA DOBKINS TIMES Stall Writer '· "FayeUeville has two distinct drug communities. They're di- ferent in the kind of drugs they use. maybe why they use them, where they get them, just who is using them." "Fayetteville -- the .whole area really, has a drug problem. Some grade school kids use their llnch money to pop pills when they can get them, and locals are getting more and more into heroin. There are t h e University kids t h a t a r e pushers. As long as the big money's In drugs, the abuse of drugs will he a problem here and everywhere." So says Sam. Sam is a narc, who's worked in Fayetteville for a good part or a year and who will remain anonymous for obvious reasons. From his van- the culture that extends up West Dickson Street, the "hippies." The other is the "locals" -- centered in neighborhoods that are sometimes black and usually low-income throughout the area. 'STRAIGHT' USEIIS Offshoots of these "communities" are the housewives, truck drivers,businessmen lage point puts flesh cliches about drug problem.'. 1 "on the street" he and blood to the "Fayetleville's One drug community is the University of Arkansas area, the "straights" who abuse drugs in some form; the high school and grade school kids of any and all social classes. "The University has precipitated the d r u g problem," Joe says, "by establishing the market. There are a lot of kids congregated there and a lot of them will try dope if thpy can get it." "I'd say that more than 50 per cent of the University students try drugs -- that's a very conservative figure. Drugs are used at parties -- mixed at parties -- just like the beer busts of not so long ago. Ot course these parties are a little deeper hidden since the stuff's Doctors Say Acupuncture In U.S. Should Be 'Experimental' CHICAGO (AP) -- Acupuncture should not be allowed to become a new kind ot quackery in the Western world, says a group of American doctors just back from China. While the ancient practice appears to have some beneficial uses in China, the doctors report, its use in the United States should continue to be regarded as experimental. The group of 12 physicians and four others representing the American Medical Association returned from China July 30. Its initial observations were telephoned to the AM A in Chicago from Hong Kong. The report says outstanding work is being done in China on replantation of severed arms, legs, hands, feet, fingers, and toes and in the treatment of burns. It also says important progress has been made "in the eradication of venereal disease and the control of the many other public health hazards which were a massive national disability as recently as three decades ago." The practice of acupuncture varies greatly, the doctors said, and pointed out that most diseases are self-limiting -- meaning they will go away untreated. There is therefore no way of .telling whether acupuncture 01 other traditional forms of Chi nese medicine have any real el- feet on the treatment of men's cal problems, the doctors said. Acupuncture is used in only about 15 per cent of ail majoi surgery, they said. And they pointed out that it is incorrec to represent it as anesthesia. :"It is more properly anal gesia, or still more accurately 'hypalgesia' -- a reduced perception of pain," they said. Psychological preparation o the patient by the anesthetist I important, they pointed out. They reported that some patients tolerate major surgery quite well under acupunctun alone or with minimal dosage! of anesthetics. Many other patients show sig nificant discomfort under act puncture and it will not work a 11 for a substantial number, liey found. Their statement added, "In he opinion of three Western- rained surgeons and one anes- riesiologist who are members if bur delegation it seems uh- ikejy that acupuncture anal }esia will be widely acceplec Western patients who tend o have relatively lower pain hresholds than do their stoic Oriental brethren. "It also seems that Western urgeons will demand quieter more relaxed patients," they said. For now, it should be per milted only in "qualified inves igational settings," they said c a u t i o n i n g , "Every effor should be made to guarc igainst the conversion of acu luncture into a new k i n d : ol quackery in the · Western vorlcl." ."In China," they reported, acupuncture is not. practice! or money. In our Western iQciety, it should not become echnique for exploitation of thi public." Bicentennial Balloon SANTA FE, N.M. (AP) -- ·Jew Mexico has .invested in )lanes, trains, helicopters an loats but never a state hot ai balloon -- until now. Inflated, the 60-foot high ye: low ripstock nylon bag show off a red symbol of the sun each side. Director Chris Krahling o She New Mexico Bicentennia Commission, contracted wit owner Dr. Tom McConnell o Albuquerque for four ascen sions at $250 each to promot New Mexico's 1976 bicentennia "It's a dynamic thing to see It lets people know there's sue a thing as a bicentennial," sai Krahling. When McConnell flies the ba loon on state business, it ca ries a 15-by-20 foot banner o one side with the bicentenniE symbol. Visits Manila Kenneth H. Burrow, son c Oscar Burrow of Gravell' recently visited Manila aboar the fleet replenishment oik USS Wabash. Burrow is Naval fireman. egal. At some olhese parlies ou bring your own stuff. At hers, they use whatever they ive at home before they come, nd pick up marijuana and beer nd booze at the party. LSD USE DOWN "The.week-end users and the opcrs along Dickson are pri- arily on marijuana and speed amphetamines), and also, on SD.," Sam said. LSD use is ill common, but it's down ·om two or thre cyears ago. he whole philosophy that sur- mnded LSD has died down and ie dopers realize some of the angers. "Most of the locals, however, ·e into heroin and cocaine, and ime of the barbiturates -- the owners, I can tell you that ie area has a growing heroin roblem. By that I mean not ust Fayetteville. Drug-wise ayctlevile and Springdale are ie same to me. "The locals arid some college ids use things like .POP -- hich is a horse tranquiHzer," e said. "They usually call it 1IC and use it lo boost rhari- .lana." (THC is the element' i the marijuana plant that ives a "high." Although tetra ydrocannobinol can be sepa- ated from the plant in the lab- ralory it doesn't really circu- ate in any street form. Most f what is sol das THC is anther drug -- or some other ubstance, Sam said. 'The locals aren't just going o parties. In. fact most of them re dealing. Some deal to the ollege dopers." HEROIN EPENS1VE "Heroin is expensive. You 'ither pay for it by pushing r by stealing. I'd say that maybe 75 per cent of the small airglaries and robberies can be raced to drugs-- .especially ince the fence is - sometimes also a pusher," he said. "High school kids generally use marijuana and speed. They really associate very little with he -College-age group. J In the elementary schools, the kids get pills, mostly, from older' kids anyone else who's there to ·sell them. The .older kids lo t so the younger ones want o. And pushers don't care who the money comes from. '"''·· "Dedicated drug users are lot really the liberal people hat .they'd like - to think. They're extremely clas-fon- cious, even in the drusrs Ihev trouble use." (Cocaine, for example, is speed. gentleman's drug. . . he Mountains of Bolivia and 'eru. the coca plant is scarce and therefore expensive. Among dopers the use of cocaine is conspicuous consumption.) .-."Also," Sam said, "there are no liberated women in the drug culture: they're the most chauvinistic people around. It seems that any thing pre-conditioned, like social habits or even mental problems, come out stronger in the drug user. DRUG PHILOSOPHY "Most dopers develop a philosophy to fit t h e i r ' d r u g habits -- rebellion against the estab lishment or whatever. "I can almost always tell £ doper by looking. Some signs are common to most dope users -- like the decreased interest in grooming. Each drug has its own set of signals. Sam said. "On speed, (amphetamines), for example, the whole body is rushing; all body responses are magnified. A guy on speed has no need to eat or sleep. A truck driver on enough amphetamines can drive to California and back without stopping. "A speed freak can take more and more pills up to a poinl where mental barriers break down: the sense of right and wrong goes, and eventually he there wer« a lot of stereotypes about the LSD philosophy and sugar cubes. Today dopers know that there is "increased brainpower" in any drug -- if that's w h a t - y o u call screwing up your mind. And you almost never see sugar cubs," Sam asserted. "Tnday LSD may be bought in tablets -- or on paper. They put so many "hits" on a piece of purple blotter paper. A four- way has four hits. They suck on the paper, or grind it - or dissolve it in wine. "Heroin is really frightening -- mostly because the body builds up such dependence on the drug -- and because the record for curing it is poor. Because it's expensive -- a "dime" bag costs $10 and contains maybe one or two hits an addict can run up a $75 to $260 a day habit. And so he spends all his time trying to scratch up the money to pay his pusher." 'BIG BUSINESS' "Drugs may have gotten really big in this country because of the rapid changes in our li ves; the "here and now" empha sis we give things; the genera tion gap. But drugs are here to stay because they are big bus iness, Sam believes. "Take heroin for example Before the French connectior got broken up '-- there was £ French connection, you know -a farmer in Turkey could ge $165 from the government there So, the drug seen* .doesn't ound like the most pleasant . liclure around, but for Sam and for most other narcotics agents, drugs are the heart of olice work. Contrary lo what people m i g h t think, agents are , 'straight-police types" accord- ng to Sam. "We are capable, ully qualified police officers," ie said. Agents are carefully screened as to their background, educa- on (two years of college or equivalent training), and men- ai slate. "You have to be a very stable person," Sam said, 'Because there are a lot of opportunities to 'shave' the law." Agents go through very intensive courses in drug education - as is obvious from Sam's conversations -- and undercover techniques. And the training is supersbcret, even among the agents themselves. The agents' job is lo infiltrala a drug community and gain the confidence of various dealers, or as Sam says, "to isolate and identify the suppliers and make a purchase. "We can't waste time on the first-timers," he said. Its the suppliers that agenls are .interested in, and the bigger the dealer, the better. The agent's second goal is to get dope off the street; If th» drugs and the dealer can ba gotten at the same time, so much the better. And by that standard, agents in the Fayetteville area have been pretty su- cessful lately with "buys of 101) pounds of marijuana; 150,000 for 10 kilos of raw opium Violators could get $350 for 1 kilos. Ten kilos of raw opium makes one kilo of morphine . ... . . . . . base -- valued at $700 to $800 j amphetamines, and half a mil-- and that makes one kilo o f : lion dollars worth of heroin, pure heorin." j O n e hundred and fifty thousand "In France one kilo pure i amphetamines, Same said, are sells for about $6,000. By the : enough to get the entire popula- time it gets to the U.S. and tion of FayeUeville high. b e c o m e s self destructive. Aggression is a prime indicator of the speed freak. They think no one can hurt them. I know of a case where an'agent had arresting a guy : on "The agent shot him point- lank and the dude hit him over ie head with a bar stool.. -- nd kept hitting him. He'd prq- ably have killed the agent if he back-up men hadn't shot his egs out from under him. A guy ti speed is the most dangerous SHIRLEY THOHNSBERRY ... takes a breather at Wilson Park upon retirement Thornsberry Retires As City Grounds Chief Thornsberry, super of the Fayclteville Shirley intendent Building and Grounds Depart ment retired Wednesday. He has been with the city for 26 years. Thornsberry began working for the city March 2, 1948 as a common laborer, hauling gravel for the Street Department. In I960 he was promoted to foreman of the Street Depart- ment and in 1D65 became the assistant street superintendent. In 1971, when the Building and Grounds Department was f o r m e d , Thornsberry w a s named superintendent. Since that time he has been in charge of the maintenance of all parks, street rights-of-way, city owned buildings, boat docks and grounds. "I've enjoyed it ai! the way," he said, "but I'll enjoy bein Thornsberry said that now h has time, he will work "a grea deal" on his farm at Cane Hi and also help in his wife's dra pcry shop (Shirley's Draperie located adjacent to the couple' home). He said he will conlini to reside in FayeUeville at h: home at 665 Fairlane Road. uy. MARIJUANA "Marijuana, grass, is the con roversial thing these days," The arc said. "You know the high rom marijuana comes from its THC -- and THC builds up in the body. As it builds up, you need more and more marijuana for the same high. That's why people who use marijuana a lot -- and this varies with the user -- sometimes start "humping" grass with other drugs or with booze. ."People like to say that grass should be legalized -- that it's no more dangerous than alcohol. But that's not what I read and.-I've done, a lot of-reading. Scientists believe that marijuana may be ten times more harmful than alcohol. "In.training," Sam said, "we studied the research of a ; Dr. Jim Turner at Mississippi State University. He's the only man (TIMESphotd By Ken Good) in the United States with a license to legally grow marijuana. "It seems that marijuana affects different portions of the brain than alcohol: If a person could maintain the same intoxication level of the two, alcohol would kill him in 12 years; marijuana in three. There'd probably be twice : as many traffic deaths due to marijuana intoxication as there are due to alcohol intoxications." "Besides the U.S. won't legalize grass very soon. It's not only stale ami-federal laws that would have to give, but also an international treaty signed Canada, it's worth about $40,000 Then it's cut or stepped on (mixed with .quinine, cocoa or lactose and other substances) to maybe two per cent pure. "Marijuana's a lot the same," Sam said. "A pound sells for $50 on the Mexican border. A pound sells for $150 to $160 here. And a half-ounce sells for about $12 and there are 18 to 20 half ounces in a pound." "The lines of contact in this business are diverse. A dealer in Fayetteville may have a contact in Tulsa who has a similar contact in Oklahoma City. That man deals through a man ill California or may directly to Mexico for his marijuana. "Some local dealers may also be users, especially if they're financing a habit. But the higher you go up the laddeer the f e w e r . users you'll find. The people that are really making the profit wouldn't touch the stuff -- and maybe never see in 1987." in the sixties; 'Round About Town circulation. The money in big buys is most lerrgthy stay at a camp where he can By JULIE TAYLOR Of The TIMES Staff. ' | The tenth summer of a 'ourigster's life is a special ime. Some of life's more difficult questions may well be esolved in or about the tenth ear: How far from the tree- ops to the sky? It nobody is ooking, do things still exist? Vhat is air? Scientific answers o such questions gathered later n life may take a permanent back seat to theories worked iut by a youngster in his tenth ummer. What better time and place or contemplation and growth ban a summer ake respite from mother's vorrying eye and father's vatchful expectations. A rustic cabin without the benefit of TV or air conditioning except for nature's own cooling breezes and entertainment provided by hapless captured snakes and abbits is shelter enough. Showers just a quarter mile away may even endow said youngster with an appreciation or the joy of cleanliness, especially if he has to walk in ;he rain to get there, and if his feet are muddy before he even gels back lo the cabin. WITH COUNSELORS who themselves are likely to be boy at heart, the ten-year-old can dress pretty much as he pleases arid wear whatever suits him at the moment, be it clean or not clean, d e l i g h t carrying out schemes which are designed to drive the counselor up the wall, out the screen window, or preferably back home. One excellent "counselor irri tation device" is lo put a pin hole in the bottom of his paper cup at mealtime. This is one of the easier pranks, and car be very irritating if carried oui properly. The camper mus have a fine straight pin, how ever, and carrying such a pin can he somewhat of a problem An effective alternative to the pinhole is the pal of butter in the chair. This can be difficuli to detect if the chair is the olc cane bottom type chair. Another technique, sqmewha more difficult, is tying th counselor's bellloop to the char back. Most counselors are to alert for this to be successful however. If they're not tha nlert, they shouldn't be counse lors in the first place. CAMP COUNSELORS seldom without legitimate means of revenge. Counselorj thrown on nis sweet, sleeping The youngster's is planning and revenge should properly have a na'me so that campers can enow before initiating mischief .hat such. 'means, exist. In one nstance we know of, the counselor's revenge is known as the Wild Cream. The Wild Cream strikes .unsuspecting campers. usually 30 minutes after lights out. and may involve emptying a can of shaving cream on an individual camper or several cans of shaving, cream on an entire cabin of campers. This can he very effective in reducing the mischief quotient of campers, but leaves an awful mess which the counselor then is required lo assisl in cleaning up. This lasl bothersome detail may lead the counselor to turn to another means of revenge. such as a bucket of cold water campers. UNFORTUNATELY, the old short-sheet devise is no longer practiced bseause most cam- Der's mothers -send them off with fitted sheets. Short- sheeting was an effective irri- :ant, and not as traumatic as -he cold water treatment. The value of such experiences s indefinable. The camper learns to make do with whatever he has on hand. He learns that he doesn't need TV in order to be entertained. He iearns to live with boys whose lifestyles are different from his own. He also learns to accept other people as they are, and learns that other people accept him just as he is. He does all this, .AND maybe actually does figure out how far between the treetops and the sky. State Parks Offer Naturalist Program. As the result of an expanding state park system and the increasing demands of the visiting public, the Arkansas State Parks Department is offering visitors interpretive programs in 11 stale parks this summer, according to Dennis Whitesido, chief of State Parks Interpretive Division. . "Through our programs we are providing for all visitors the opportunity to rekindle the relationship with the out-of-doors," Whiteside said. Seven days a week from Memorial Day through Labor Day the Parks Department is providing interpretive and recreational programs at Petit Jean, Lake Chieot, Devil's Den, Lake Catherine, Queen Wilhelmina, Bull Shoals, Lake Charles, Daisy, Lake Ouachita, Crowley's Ridge and Crater of Diamonds state parks. The programs range from guided nature hikes and wildlife demonstrations to party : barge cruises and evening programs Other special activities include by. blue grass bands, rock square dances, performances hounding, self-guiding' Brails craft demonstrations, and UK operation of visitor centers am nature museums. Whiteside laid ha felt Arkan- sans and nut-of-state visitors should welcome these services Decause "they make for a much more rewarding and enjoyable vacation in the slate parks system." A typical program schedule may include a morning hike shortly after ; breakfast over a one to five mile trail past waterfalls, caves and unsurpassed natural beauty. After lunch, the naturalist usually spends an hour or two in the park visitor center answering questions. Later, when it is cooler, there may be another hike, a party barge cruise over a lake, or a wildlife demonstration at the park amphitheater. The most popular activity for both campers and .cabin users according to Whilesidc, is the evening program. These pro grams usually consist of a natural environment or a spe eics of wildlife, or possibly e slide presentation about other state parks. Lasting about ar hour, these programs ofter attract three or four hundrec people. ' "Not only does the individua enjoy a well-presented pro gram, but he gets the opportun ity to talk with park personnel and this arlds to the security and enjoyment of an extenriec park visit," Whiteside said, it. "The business gets really involved. Dealers are always finding new ways to smuggle the stuff in. RIP-OFFS "The big bugaboo in the actual transactions is rip-offs. That's the magic word along with 'narc.' The guy who's gel- ting the.dope may just pull a gun and take it without paying off -- or maybe a third party comes in," Sam said, "You just don't go to the cops and say 'someone stole 10,000 bennies. 1 (Bennies being a very popular, illegally manufactured amphetamine.) So the pushers police their own operators to some extent." FEDERAL AGENTS The state agents work closely with federal agents from tha Bureau of Narcotics and Dan- Jerous Drugs and the Drug En- 'orcement Agency. The "feds" arc usually called in Sam said, when a large amount? of money is needed for a buy. Numerous buys become rather expensive, especially silica a lot of the money gets away into used generally held on to. Agenls also depend heavily on the aid of local law enforcement officers - and Sam said cooperation from Fayellevilla and Springdale police .departments, the Washington. County sheriff's force, and the prosecuting attorney's office; ha'ye been the finest, . Being a drug agent is a dangerous business. Apparently most agents, including Sam succesfully cope with having guns pointed at them as part of their jobs. However it's equally apparent that their motivation is strong. "Drugs can ruin a country," Sam said seriously. A history fan, he eagerly discusses the situation in the 18th century China, when half the population was addicted and the country nearly came to a standstill. "We don't really expect- to wipe out the drug thing," Sam said. "People will always get 'down'; that's why they smoke and drink." "But we hope with Increased drug education and law enforcement efforts, we can keep the situation from skyrocketing." 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