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Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest IÂ» The First Concern Of This Newspaper 4 Â· FRIDAY, AUGUST 2, 1974 Someone's Tampering With. Evidence ... And The Search Goes On The state Pollution Control and Ecology Commission last week took note of Northwest Arkansas' interest in discovery of alternate approaches in regional sewage disposal planning. A group of property owners, out along the Illinois River, are pushing for options that might avert regional dumping of effluent into that stream, as is presently recommended by the Northwest Arkansas Regional Planning Commission. At the request of Ben Johnson of Fayetteville, a member of the Illinois River Property Owners, Inc., the PCE Commission is requesting that its staff review feasibility of a waste "utilization" program, wherein all or substantial amounts of waste are recycled as part of an agricultural-related project, rather than dumped into the Illinois River. That request came at a meeting of the commission last week. As recommended by Regional Planning, a $13 million plant would serve major municipalities in the Washington-Benton County area, diverting thereby treated waste water from the White River watershed (\vhere Fayetteville is now dumping) into the Illinois. To do this, the state Pollution Control Commission would have to lower its classification of the upper Illinois River. Such a request is on record but the Commission has taken no action, yet. Meanwhile, interested parties downstream along the Illinois all the way to Lake Tenkiller in Oklahoma are expressing reservations about the plan, and the Illinois River Property Owners are asking that adequate studies be made as to the viability of a waste water "utilization" system. One evident hangup on waste water "utilization," as explained by the regional planning office at a public meeting in Springdale recently, is that the state Health Department has reservations as well as restrictions on such a procedure. Minimum treatment level to eliminate bacterial contamination is one problem. Storage is another. Proponents of the plan, however, point to several instances of success with the system, plus some obvious advantages -- if, indeed, the system can 1 be made to work --Â· to Northwest Arkansas. First of all, it would save the Illinois as a high quality stream. Also, importantly, it could well prove to be far less expensive to install and operate, and in practical effect can be expected to improve rather than deplete the area's soil quality and water table. Debate pro and con on the proposition, at this stage, is mostly academic. Answers require careful on-site study. The potential advantages on such a system would seem to indicate the propriety of additional technical review, however. The Pollution Control Commission is to be commended, we believe, for deciding to look a little bit farther along these lines. Fixing The Economic Blame A former member of the Council of Economic Advisers has charged that Federal Reserve policy, rather than inflation, deserves chief blame for high interest rates and depressed stock prices. James Tobin, in an article in Morgan Guaranty Survey published last week, contends that tight money does not cure - and in fact aggravates - "the very r e a l economic difficulties besetting the nation." These,he lists as "shortages of food, fuel, and materials; the apparent decline in the productivity of capital 'investment; the strains of the international monetary system; the crisis of confidence in political and economic institutions." Professor Tobin, a Council member during the 'Kennedy administralion and now Sterling Professor of Economics at Yale University, says he thinks "the Federal Reserve, and the articulate voices of the business and financial community, are From Our FilestMow Time Flies 10 YEARS AGO Workers belonging to 696-584 Local of the Ironworkers Union were picketing the offices of the Northwest Arkansas Steel Company, Hwy. 71 south in Springdale today, seeking "safe-working conditions." Edgar Ray Pierson, a company welder, was killed in an industrial accident July 24. Junior golfers from throughout the area will converge on Fayetteville Country Club Mon- 50 YEARS AGO Work was begun yesterday by the state highway department, under supervision of engineer W. W. Mitchell on grading and hard-surfacing the Sprin'gdale road from Fayetteville to Clear Creek. This is the only portion of the Jefferson Highway remaining unfinished. Commissioners of five improvement districts now under way are advertising for bids for 100 YEARS AGO "Valley Grange" has established a school at Greersburgh, in this county, which is now in successful operation. Col. O.C. Gray of St. John's College. Little Rock, has been appointed to a Professorship in the Industrial University. There are a hosl of veteran educators in this county and could not that chair have been filled from their number? Who will rise and explain? day. for the qualifying section of the annual South Central' Section, PGA-sponsored tournament. Ellis Bogan is director Â· of local arrangements. Miss Vicky Offut, daughter of M.S. Offut of Fayetteville, has been named "Miss Christ's Ambassador U.S.A." This is the highest honor in the annual Mr. and Miss CA-USA contest sponsored by the Assemblies of God. construction of work under their direction, these to be opened Aug. 14. If you call up or drop in to see your farm or home demonstration agent next week and find him or her out -- -just remember all extension workers of the College of Agriculture, U of A are at Fayettevilte attending Farmers' Week and the extension conference. Sever head of horses stolen on the Arkansas River have been traced to Ibis counly. And we learn that several head of horses have been siden from this county, it would be well for our farmers to prepare for action. Organizations should be gotten up, and old Washington should be made so hot for horse thieves that the scoundrels would steer clear of us. They'll Do It Every Tims IFVOI 60IH THE HOUSE-TAK6.YOUR SW6S OFF/ much too complacent about today's double-digit interest rates." He regards present rate levels as contributing to what he describes as a "sluggish economic climate." THE YALE ECONOMIST challenges the view that the rise in interest rates merely reflects expectations of future price inflation. If it did, he argues, current High, yields on interest-bearing s e c u r i t i e s would not be drawing money away from investment in stocks. They would, he says, "simply maintain the attractiveness ot bonds relative to stocks." Professor Tobin also dis- - agrees with those who blame inflation for "Ihe current . trauma" of the stock market. He attributes the weakness of the market to "a general financial climate unfavorable to investment needed for recovery and growth." This climate, he says, "was not the automatic or natural result of inflation. Rather it was deliberately engineered by Washington policymakers to control inflation." Noting the sometimes inverted response of today's financial markets to economic events, he asks: "Why is inflationary news deflationary these days?" He answers: "Not because of the effects of inflation per se but because of the anticipated anti- inflationary responses of the federal government. "AS EXPERIENCE since 1971 has taught, these responses may include price freezes and controls. They may include new taxes that restrict consumer demand and business profit. They may include restrictions on foreign trade and capital movements, or new exchange rate policies. "But perhaps the market's most consistent concern is the response of the Federal Reserve to inflationary developments. The market knows that Arthur Burns, an announced determined enemy of inflation, reads the newspapers too. News of more inflaton is taken as a signal that the Fed will further and longer restrict the growth of the economy, with uncertain impact on inflation but obvious damage to the real earnings prospects of American business." Noting that Federal Reserve policy is intended to "weaken aggregate demand enough, and long enough, to reduce significantly the rate of inflation," Professor Tobin comments: "Experience does not, I think, justify much optimism a b o u t the success of this policy." He acknowledges, however, that he has not discussed this point in his article. "I have only tried," he says, "to indicate that the policy contains more bite and cost and risk than one might expect from superficial comparisons of interest rates and rales of inflation." Bible Verse "If ye then, being evil, know how lo give good gifls unlo your children; how much more shall your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to them t'h a t ask him'?" Luke 11:13 The Lord is far more willing to give good gifts unlo your children; how much more shall your heavenly Father give Ihe Holy Spirit to them that a s k Him?" Luke 11:13 The Lord is far more willing to give t h a n we arc to receive, and will surely do no less for His Children t h a n we will for ours. By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON -- There no longer c a n - b e any doubt that the While House has tampered wilh Watergate evidence. Not only tapes but documents have been altered by someone inside the White House. Furthermore, o u r While House sources tell us that the additional 64 conversations', which Ihe Supreme Court unanimously ordered President Nixon to turn over to Special Prp- seculor Leon Jaworski, conlain gaps, dislortions and unintelligible passages. Many of the distortions are caused by extraneous sounds, such as clanking cups, thumping feet and even martial music filtering into the oval office from the White House grounds. But our sources say that some of the unexplained gaps appear to have been caused by deliberate tampering. The suppressed tapes had been in the President's personal custody u n t i l the Supreme Court order. Then they wore Â· entrusted to the Secret Service to transcribe. Our sources have also furnished us with the astonishing details about a memo that clearly was doctored by the While House. This was written on Jan. 8, 1970, by f o r m e r presidential aid Alexander Butterfield. It dealt with the tapped telephone conversation of Morton Halperin, a former national security aide, who spoke on the phone about helping ex-Secretary 'Of Defense Clark Clifford prepare a series of articles for The Washington Merry-Go-Round Lite magazine against the Vietnam War. The tapped conversation was reported to the White House by the late FBI chief, J. Edgar ' Hoover, on Dec. 29, 1969. H.R. Haldeman, then the White House staff chief, passed Hoover's wiretap report to Jeb Magnifier, with instructions lo prepare a "game plan" to counter the Clifford articles. Magruder sought suggestions from Bulterfield, who gave his views in the Jan. 8. 1970. memo. He'stressed that "Al Haig can get you squared away on at least a preliminary scheme. We can. build from there." Haig was then Henry Kissinger's deputy but is now Haldeman's successor as staff chief. This memo is significant, because it proves that the wiretaps were used for political nur- poses. All along, the White House has been claiming that the . wiretaps were ordered strictly to protect the national security. The" Butterfield memo was mysteriously altered, however, to make it appear that he had directed Magruder's operations against Clifford. The compromising reference to Haig was also deleted from the doctored memo. Butterfield was hauled before the Watergate prosecutors early last January for questioning about the memo. He quickly spotted indications (hat it had been altered. He obtained ac- Tidql Wave cess to his White House files and found several of his January 1970 memos missing, say our sources, including the doctored memo. But unknown to the W h i t e House, Butterfield had kept copies of some of his papers and among them he found the January 8 memo as he had originally written it. This proved the tampering beyond any doubt. But the big'mystery is still Â· unsolved: who altered the memo? :Haig might be a suspect, because the memo was changed to shift blame from him to B u t - . tertield. But our sources doubt this because the two men are close personal friends. The strange gaps in the latest 64 tapes, meanwhile, will add to the frustration of the Water- gale prosecutors who still haven't been able , to identify who caused the famous 18 l k~ . minute gap in an earlier tape. This obliterated Haldeman's crucial first report to the President on the Watergate break-in on June 20, 1972. One key source believes it was significant that the President hemself listened to this tape on Sept. 29, 1973, at Camp David. His secretary, Rose Mary Woods, testified before the grand jury that the President donned ^ earphones and pushed buttons, . listening to parts of the June 20 tape, while she was transcribing it. She did Art Buchwald By ART BUCHWALD WASHINGTON - Now that the House is going to vote on impeachment, every congressman is feverishly at work writing a speech which will not only be seen and heard by 220 million Americans but, more important, by his own constituents. Since their political futures are hanging in the balance, most congressmen are asking for all the help they can get. I received a call from my good friend Congressman Turntable yesterday. "You have to help me with my impeachment speech," he said. "No problem," I said. "I've written a lot of impeachment speeches in my time. Now the first thing you have to do is set the right tone. What kind of decision will you have lo make?" "The most agonizing and painful decision of my life." "That's good," I said. "And what do you have to throw away?" "All partisan considerations." "What do you plan to vole wilh?" I asked. "My hand?" "No, stupid. Your conscience. And don't forget you also have to search your soul." "Listen, can you go a lillle slower BO 1 can .write this down?" "Right. Now what kind of obligation do you have as a congressman?" "An important obligation?" "No! No! No! A SACRED obligation. Don't forgot you loolc a solemn oath to uphold t h e Constitution of the land." "Which the forefathers of our country in their wisdom provided us." "That's good, Turntable. Now let's get to the heart of the speech. What is no man in the United States above?" Â· "The law?" "You got it. And, Ihcrefore, you, as a chosen represenlalive of the peoole -- all the people -- must face up to a certain kind of question. What kind?" "Uh, uh, uh. Can you give me a hint?" "A MOMENTOUS question,'a question that troubles you, a question that you have been wrestling with for over a year." "What's the question?" Turntable asked. "Cnn this great nation survive when criminal acts by those in high power go unpunished?" "When do I get to say 'on Ihe olhcr hand'?" "I'm coming to lhat. On the olher hand you have to have evidence. What kind of evidence, Turntable?" "Beats me." "Clear and convincing evidence." Â· "That's the best kind," Turntable agreed. "You must weigh this evidence carefully, because the only thing you a r e searching for is the trulh. Now to sum up on a personal note. What will you have to do every morning for the rest of your life?" ."Eal breakfast?" not suggest, however, that th'Â« President had altered the tape. Another source pointed o u t that Asst. Ally. Gen. Henry Petersen, while he was in charge of the Watergate prosecution, reported to the President on April 15, 1973, that H.R. Haldeman was under invesliga- Ten days later, the President turned over several of the most crucial tapes not to Petersen who was conducting the investigation but to Haldeman who was under investigation. The Watergate prosecutors still cannot pinpoint, however, who in the White House has been tampering wilh Ihe tapes and documents. . .W A S H I N G T 0 N WHIRLi Pranksters recently slipped into Social and Rehabilitation Ad- minislrator James Dwight's executive bathroom and removed the lid lo his commode. In Us place, Ihey installed a fire-engineered lid, emblazoned with the insignia of his favorite football team, the Southern California Trojans...Maj. Gerald L. Radcliff, president of a Pentagon antiques club, has written to Washington antique dealera requesting a discount for club members. T h e requests were mailed at the taxpayers' expense in franked envelopes s t a m p e d "official business" . . .Joe Gonzales. staff member who has been overseeing Treasury appropriations, has quietly joined the folks he used to regulate. He has accepted a $35.UOO-a-ycar job at the T re asu ry.. .Celebrated classical guitarists Jean - Pierre Jumez was horrified recently when one of his students showed him a ne walbum of Jumez's recordings. The cover featured a hairy-legged model, without pants, strumming the guitar. The album, with its streaker- like guitar player, was issued by ABC Records without so much as asking Jumez whether his legs were hairy. The outraged classicist is taking the casa to court.' Great Man, Bat Not As "No, damn it. You have to look in the mirror every morning and ask yourself, 'Have I done what's best for America?' '.' "That's got a nice ring to it," turntable said. "Now, who are you going to ask for guidance in Ihis grave hour of crisis, when your vote will affect future generations of Americans for all time lo come?" "My wife?" "Try again." "My campaign manager?" "Godi Turntable, GOD!" "Of course," he said happily. "Why didn't I think of that myself?" (C) 1974, Los Angeles Times What Others Say CREDIT PINCH And then there's the case reported in Ihe New England Journal of Medicine of a doctor who suggested his patient stop carrying a bill-stuffed wallet in his back pocket while driving his car. The diagnosis was painful sciatica and (he condition was described as "credit carditis." We've heard lhal credit cards can he a dangerous possession but. have never heard it explained in those terms, -- Atlanta (Ga.) Jorunal President WASHINGTON (EB R) -Herbert Clark Hoover, 3Ist President of the United States, was born 100 years ago -- on Aug: 10, 1874, in West Branch, Iowa. FEW PUBLIC FIGURES in American life have been as revered or as reviled as Herbert Clark Hoover. He was a great engineer, a great humanitarian, and a great Cabinet officer. But he also made a great mistake: He ran for President in 1928, and won. Eight months after Hoover took office,' the stock market crashed and the country slid i n t o its worst economic depression. His critics claimed he failed lo perceive the severity of the crisis and to take prompt or remedial action. In central to his successor, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Hoover believed that aid to the hungry and deserving should c o m e from local governments or the states and counties, not from the federal government. "Prosperity cannot be restored by raids upon the public treasury," he declared. Swept into office by a landslide, Hoover was swept out by one of even greater magnitude. In 1920 he had carried 40 states; in 1932 he carried six. The shantytowns in which thousands of jobless persons lived were then called "Hoover- villes." To m i l l i o n s of Americans, Hoover and Depression were synonymous. WHEN PRESIDENTS retire, even unpopular ones, criticism of them generally fades away. Not so in Hoover's case. For the next 20 years, Democratic presidential nominees often seemed to be campaigning as vigorously against Hoover as against their actual Republican opponents. In retirement, Hoover reacted stoically- to the vituperation heaped upon him. "I knew from the bitter experience of all public men from George Washing- Ion down that democracies ara fickle and heartless," he said. "When the ultimate bump came, I was well fortified to accept it philosophically and, in fact, to welcome it, for democracy is a harsh employer." LUCKILY FOR Hoover, fickleness can cut both ways. Harry Â· S. Truman helped to restore the ex-President's reputation by appointing him chairman of the Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch. This group,, which s o o n became known as the Hoover Commission, issued several reports on ways of streamlining and creating economies in the administrative slructure of Ihe government. Many of the commission's recommendations were enacted into law. By the time Hoover reached age 75, in 1949, the animosities of Depression days had largely evaporated. News commentators called attention to his early achievements in engineering and as administrator of food relief programs during and aflcr World War I. "Honesty compels the admission that the American people humiliated their ex-President," wrote the Miami Herald in an editorial. "Hoover accepted the situation with dignity. He was confident that timo would vindicate him. What is particularly gralifying on his 75th birthday is that he has lived to see the vindication." Hoover lived to celebrate 15 more birthday anniversaries before his death on Oct. 20, 1964. Although historians rate him no bolter than an "average" President, his stature as one ot America's most distinguished public servants seems secure.