Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on July 29, 1974 · Page 1
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July 29, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Monday, July 29, 1974
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INSIDE- Editorial 4 For women ................. 7 Sports a-jr 3-10 Amusements .;... 11 Comics v.v... ·'··· 12 Classified ....-.-.-.. 13-15 Jlortfjtoes The Public Interest Is The First Concern Of This Newspaper LOCAL FORECAST- Fair to partly cloudy w It K slight chance of thundershowers through Tuesday. Low last night 65. Lows tonight around 70 with highs Monday near 90. Sunset today 8:24; Bunrisa Tuesday 6:22. Weather map on paga S; 115th YEAR-NUMBER 45 FAYETTEVILLE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, JULY 29, 1974 ·£·16 PAGES-TEN CENTS Impeachment New Russian Word MOSCOW (AP) -- Many Russians are puzzling over a new word cropping up in the controlled Soviet press and newscasts: "impeachment." Russian is a rich language. But .the Soviet media, in their delicate and fragmentary reports on impeachment proceedings against President Nixon, have resorted to the borrowed English word. Probably not one in a thousand Russians knows what the word means, and it's not in any Russian dictionary. That's not the only way the Soviet media has been unclear about the Watergate scandal. For a long time, the press ignored President Nixon's difficulties, concentrating instead on detente between Moscow and Washington. Now, the brief and vague articles about i Watergate--called the fair" vide few details. Readers have never been told frankly whal impeachment involves or thai there is a possibility Nixon could be removed from office. · Last week, however, the careful Pravda reader 6 a w a 'so-called Watergate at- in the Soviet press--pro- rief report saying the President would turn over certain apes and documents after a supreme Court decision. And Vice President Gerald R. Ford was quoted as saying giving up that material would rally public opinion to the side of the President "to fight against attempts of the Congress to remove him irom office." That apparently was the first time the possibility of removal from office was mentioned in the Soviet press, and it was not directly linked to the impeachment process. The Soviet leadership has a slake in Nixon remaining in office to continue the detente policies worked out at three summit meetings. It probably also is a bit awkward for the Kremlin leaders to explain to the Soviet public that the President of the United States can be removed from .office by the legislative branch. Despite a facade of elections and parliamentary process in the Soviet Union, its leaders are chosen by a small group that runs the Communist party and everything else in the coun try. ' Hostage Leaps Through Glass Door At Texas State Prison HUNTSVILLE, Tex. (AP) --' One of 15 hostages held by three armed convicts leaped through a glass door in a state prison building and escaped his captors today, officials reported. They identified the escapee as Henry Escamilla, 40, one o! four fellow inmates held captive since the hostages were taken nearly five days 2gr in the Texas State Prison. Authorities said Escamilla suffered severe cuts around his head and shoulders, and was taken to a hospital semiconscious and bleeding heavily. Escamilla's predawn dash Irom the-education building in- Side the penitentiary was made during the overnight lull in ne gptialions between prison officials and the armed convicts, whose ringleader had said their standoff could end today freedom for the rebels. But Ron Taylor, a spokesman for the Texas Department of Corrections, told newsmen as negotiations with the convicts recessed Sunday night, "No decision has been made on any release." Talks were to resume at 8 a.m. today. Fred Gomez Carrasco, who leads the three inmates holding the hostages in the third-floor library of the prison, had told n e w s m e n earlier Sunday evening by telephone that "things are looking up." "I believe we will conclude this in a few hours," Carrasco said. "If not provoked tonight. I believe tomorrow will be the day of release." . But Taylor said, "Nego tiations have not changed. We have not received any additional demands. I think serious negotiations are ahead.' SP.EAKS TO CASTRO Carrasco, a former kingpin o: illegal drug traffic in South Texas and Mexico, has in dicated he wanted to take four hostages with him to Cuba, am he SDoke to newsmen on Sunday night of Cuban Leader Fide Castro. "I believe if I do have pportunity to communicate vith him (Castro) by telephone do believe the man will giv ie refuge," Carrasco said in is thick Latin accent. Taylor said prison officials I a n n e d to comply wit! a r r a s r c o 's request tha ewsmen he granted no more elephone interviews with tin ebel leader. As for the twi ays of constant news in erviews with Carrasco and the ostages, Taylor said: "Quite'frankly we-didn't fee ve could afford not to gran hese requests for the hostages ake. It would have been jus oo dangerous not to ... ." He added, ". . . . We havi avoided death for any of th ostages for the period of. tim lose interviews were goin. i." The hostages include fou ther convicts; nine schoo eachers and librarians; th lev. Joseph O'Brien, a Roma Catholic priest who is the priso chaplain; and a prison guard Ml except Father O'Brien hav n with the rebels since Wee icsday. Franco Recovers MADRID (AP) -- Gen. Fran cisco Franco is free to leav the hospital where he has been recuperating from a blood clot doctors said today . A scries of weekend medica tests indicated the 81-year-ol Spanish chief of state was "i the process of clear recuper ation" from thrombophlebili with which he was hospitalize^ July 9. Franco was expected t spend a few days at his El Par do Palace outside Madrid tie fore going to northwest Spai on a vacation, governmen sources said. Federal Grant Jury Indicts John Connally WASHINGTON (AP) -- For mer Treasury Secretary Joh B. Connally was indicted toda by a federal grand jury o charges of bribery, perjury an obstructing justice. The indictment said Connal' accepted $10,000 in cash froi a milk fund official, Jak Jacobsen, in exchange fo recommending that feder; milk price supports be i: creased. Jacobsen, an official of Ass ciated Milk Producers Inc., als was indicted on a charge giving an illegal payment to public official. In all, the grand jury cite Connelly, a Texas Democr; turned Republican, on fi\ alleged violations of feder law. T h e maximum possib penalties for the five coun total 16 years in j'ail and fim of $30,000 for Connally. The indictment charged th between May 14 and Sept. 2 1971, Jacobsen gave Connal the $10,000 in exchange f C.onnally's recommendation the secretary of agriculture th (CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO Second Impeachment Article Drafted For Judiciary Panel Chances For Conviction Said Growing WASHINGTON (AP) -- As- istant Democratic Leader Robrt C. Byrd says chances are growing daily" that the Sen:e would convict President ixon in an impeachment trial ater this year. Byrd said Sunday t h a t if ixon failed to heed a likely enate demand for tapes he has efused to give the House, il would sound the death knell sr the President so far as ome senators are concerned, y.vote being one." Byrd gave his assessment as Jemocratic Leader Mike Mans ield prepared today with his -tepuMican counterpart, Sen lugh Scott, to formally launch lans for an impeachment trial "The line of demarcation has been reached," Mansfield said ftcr the House Judiciary Com mittee approved Saturday ar mpeachment count charging \Iixon with obstruction of jus ice in the Watergate cover-up The Montana Democrat ha( aid earlier Saturday that if the Committee did approve im leachment articles afgainst Nix "I don't think we'll have any other choice" but to for nally launch preparations foi an impeachment trial. Under the Senate's impeach ment rules, it would meet ;thi day after the House approve! an impeachment resolution t receive notice of the action. Bu ,ny formal trial probably voiild not start for at least i month. Mansfield conceded that h md other senators had been doing considerable preparation or the possibility of a trial Top Senate officials also have leen drawing plans covering physical layout of the Senate elevisicm -coverage and alloca ion of seating in the galleries Mansfield hopes he and Scot can agree on procedural meas ures. Once any bill of impeach ment is received, he said h ill call a closed meeting of a! senators to discuss the proce dures. However, it will be up to majority to make the final deci sion. Byrd said he expects the Sen ate leadership "will do every :hing it can to expedite" an Senate trial so the matter ca settled this year. He said the broad support fo :he impeachment provision -he Judiciary Committee, eluding the backing of fou ioutherners and six Republ cans, convinces him the Hous probably will vote to impeac Nixon. Asked about the situation the Senate, where 67 vote would be needed for conviction tie said the votes would not there for conviction if the dec sion came now but added, "th possibilities for conviction ai growing daily." Byrd said be personal! hopes Nixon does not resign adding he wants the cor stitutional process to be follo\ ed to its conclusion. Bank Robbed MALVERN. Ark. (AP) Two men robbed the Bank Malvern of an undetermine amount of money this mornin and then fled in a car that wa reportedly stolen earlier toda at Hot Springs. --AP Wirephoto BY THE TEETH ·...Greek sympathizers in New York rip Turkish ]lag with hands and teeth during 'Turks out oj Cyprus', rally On Cyprus Confrontation Provisional Solution Reached By The Associated Press The foreign ministers of Greece, : Turkey and Britain igreed early today on a "proyi- ional solution" to end the mili- ary confrontation on Cyprus. 3ut the Turkish: government alked, apparently at provisions concerning the Turkish armed forc.es on the Mediterranean island. The Turkish cabinet met at dawn and discussed for nearly three hours the proposal telephoned from Geneva. Premier Bulent Ecevit said the Geneva negotiations "are in the final stage," and "if there is going NEWS BRIEFS Mauser Sentenced Bruce Michael Hauser, 17, of 929 Park St. was sentenced to hree years in prison after entering a plea of guilty Friday n Washington Circuit Court to charges of burglary and grand larceny. Judge Maupin Commings sentenced Hauser to two years on the burglary charge and one year on the charge of grand larceny. Six months of the sentence was suspended as credit 'or 30 days spent in the Washington County Jail. Hauser was accused of the May 23 break-in at Minuteman Restaurant on West Dickson Street. Declines Sharply NEW YORK (AP) -- Inflation worries and uneasiness over the impeachment issue combined to drive the stock market into a sharp decline today. The noon Dow Jones average of 30 industrials was down 14.31 at 770.26, and losers swamped gainers by a 9-2 margin on the New York Stock Exchange. Trading was relatively light. Air Bose Shelled SAIGON, South Vietnam (AP) -- Communist forces kept up their attack along the northern coast of South Vietnam today, heavily shelling the Da Nang Air Base and the area around it for the second time in 10 days, the South Vietnamese military command announced. Lt. Col. Le Trung Hi en, Saigon's chief military spokesman, said six persons were killed and 24 were wounded when 70 122mm rockets were fired into the base and surrounding villages before dawn. Women Ordained PHILADELPHIA (AP) Hundreds of Episcopalians gathered at the Church ot the Advocate today for the con .rovcrsial ordination of 11 worn en, destined to become the firs 'emale priests in the Church': Ecologists Criticize Request Plea Issued To End DDT Ban CHICAGO (AP) -- The Journal of the American Medical Association published today a plea to end the ban en use of the insecticide DDT. Ecologists were quick to criticize the request. The article by Dr. Thomas H. Jukes, a medical biochemist at the University of California at Beverley, says the decision by t h e E n v i r o n m e n t a l Protection Agency in 1972 to ban use of DDT was "political rather than scientific." "Let us hope that DDT will find its place again as a public health measure for uses that are essential in the control of noxious insects," Jukes wrote. There are reports the EPA is reassessing its (DDT) ban and soon may recommend a more liberal policy for its use. Dr. Barry Commoner, an ec o 1 o g i s t from Washington University at St. Louis, said Jukes overlooked scientific evidence about the harmful effect of DDT on humans. "It seems lo be that the AMA is irresponsible if it chooses to inform the large segment of the · - · the by means of grossly oversimplified opinion rather than the facts regarding the DDT problem," Commoner said. "We don't exist on this planet in a vacuum," said Dr. William R. Nicring, an ecologist from public represented by patients of its members Connecticut College at New London. In the article, Jukes acknowledged that DDT is toxic to c r u s t a c e a n s , fish and sometimes birds. Jukes cited an AMA study that found handlers of DDT suffered no ill effects despite long exposure. Jukes claimed that over the past three years gypsy moths have denuded East Coast forests and tussock moths h a v e destroyed forests in the West. But the EPA refuses fo allow the use of DDT to figlit the a n d mammals-helped damaging the moth eggs. Niering said the outbreaks of gypsy moths are expectet periodically and others, safer chemical compounds fective forests moths, he said. O t h e r h o w e v e r scientists that ^report, natural predators - birds, other insects against with them. DDT natural predators,. he are el Sprayini reduce^ added. Niering said serious publii health problems might necessi tate limited use of DDT, bu he opposed widespread use ". . . there is real danger response to drugs." that the presence of DDT in the body will affect the actua biochemistry of the body in its response to drugs," 2,000-seat church, ; down copy of th history. The scaled Amiens Cathedral in France was filled, and many person stood at the rear of the main chamber. Truck Driver Killed WAMSUTTER, Wyo. (AP) -James H. Burnett, 26, of H o Springs, Ark., was killed Sun lay when the tractor-Ira ile :ruck he was driving went of :he road and went down an em bankment j'nst west of here, th Wyoming Highway Patrol sail today. BiLnett was operating th truck for a moving company. The vehicle werlt into a me dian and then down t h c em bankment, winding up about I feet below the highway, the pa trol said. Chance Of Rain The central and northern por tions of Arkansas have the bes chance of getting some rain ti day. The National Weather Servic forecast is calling for scattere thunderstorms developing du ing the afternoon, mainly in th cetnral and north portions. The precipitation probabilit is 40 per cent today in th northern portion ot the slat and 30 per cent in the centra portion. be an agreement; we will now today." But he said his cabinet- de- ded it will not even discuss ie presence of Turkish armed irces on Cyprus and their ght to reinforcement and sup- ly. He said certain other prob- ems which have arisen during tie Geneva talks could be tak- n up later. Ecevit said he relayed the re- tilts of the cabinet meeting to urkish Foreign Minister Turan Junes in Geneva. The premier Iso talked by telephone with B r i t i s h Foreign Secretary ames Callaghan, and Callagan immediately went into ses- ion with Greek Foreign Minis- er George Mavros. Mavros announced the agreement of the three ministers after n all-night negotiations session t the Palace of Nations in eneva.. Its provisions were not ·nade public immediately^ But e said Turkish approval would lear the way for a second ound of talks in about a week. Turkey submitted a- stiff sel jf new demands earlier Sunday and threatened to quit the nego iations .unless t h e y were accepted by midnight. But Gunes did not carry out the threa Iter Premier Ecevit met for wo hours in Ankara with Greek Ambassador Dimitrios osmodopoulos. TURKISH DEMANDS The Turkish demands in e l u d e d maintenance am reinforcement, if necessary, o fs invasion force on Cyprus until the peaceful future of the Turkish Cypriot minority i= assured; autonomy for th Turkish Cypriots until a politi cal solution for the island i reached; acceptance of Turkisl Cypriot leader Rauf Denktash as a negotiating representative equal in status to Presiden Glatcos derides of the Greek Cypriot majority, and acceptance of Turkey as tin guarantor of the rights of thi Turkish Cypriots. Greece said the Turkisl demands were "iinacceptabl and non-negotiable," promisini an open-ended ocupation o Cyprus that could last for year and partition of the islani between the two ethnic commu nities. Athens announced Ecevit hai proposed that Premier Con slantine Caramanlis of Grcec meet with him. The Unite Stales was said to be urgin the conference, but Mavros tol newsmen in Geneva that it wa too soon to say whether th meeting would be held.c Greece and Turkey trade charges of new cease-fir violations. The Turkish embassy in Lon don said the Cypriot Nationa Guard had- killed at least 33 Turkish Cypriot villagers sine the guard's Greek officer used the Turks of "numerous ease-fire violations but gave n etails. Turkish helicopter ercliant ships and nav anding craft continued to poi roops and supplies into the 201 CONTINUED ON P. 4GE TWO) Poll Favors Impeachment PRINCETON, N.J. (AP) -- 'ifty-one per cent of the pe ons responding to a recc urvey by the Gallup Poll sa 'resident Nixon should be mpeached by the House of Representatives. However, there is a 5 per cent rop from the number ap- roving of impeachment by the louse to the number wanting s'ixon's removal from office by he Senate, the latest Gallop 'oil shows. The House Judiciary Com- Tiittee, which on Saturday approved on article of im- leachment by a vote ot 27-11, returns today to consider more. The Gallup survey, taken in mid-July of 1,555 adults, showed he public 51 to 30 per cent in favor of the House voting mpeachment. Nineteen per cent offered no opinion. In the survey, 46 per cent responded yes, 38 per cent no and 16 per cent had no opinioi Accuses Nixon Of Violating Constitution WASHISGTON AP) -- A econd impeachment article ac- using President Nixon of vio- ting the Constitution and his ith of office was drafted today a bipartisan group which eemed certain to obtain its ap- roval in the House Judiciary, ommittee. The panel recommended Sat- rday to the House of Repre- entatives that Nixon be im- eached for the Watergate cov- r-up. Debate on the second pro- osed article was delayed omewhat as drafting contin- icd. Committee leaders were ixpected to press for a final r ote by evening. The redrafted second article v'as to be presented to the committee by Rep. William L. Hun- jalc, D-Mo. It included five lemized charges and a conclusion that: "In all qt Ihis Richard M. ixon has acted in a manner contrary lo his trust as President and subversive of constitutional government to the ;reat prejudice of the cause of law and justice and to the manifest injury of the people of the United States." FIVE CHARGES The five charges were that Nixon: A c t e d personally and through subordinates to get confidential income tax information from the Internal Revenue. Service. --Misused the FBI and Secret Service by directing or author- zing them to wiretap for pur- joses unrelated - to national security. --Established the so-called Plumbers unit "financed in part with money derived from campaign contributions which unlawfully utilized the resources of the Central Intelligence Agency." --"Failed to take care that the laws were faithfully executed by failing lo act when he knew or bad reason to know that his close subordinates endeavored to impede or frustrate lawful inquiries by duly constituted executive, judicial and legislative entities concerning the unlawful entry into the headquarters of. the Democratic National Committee." --Misused executive power by interfering with the FBI, Watergate special prosecutor, criminal division of the Department of Justice, and CIA "in order corruptly to impede the due and proper administration of justice." to t he question, .Do you :hink Nixon's actions are serious enough to warrant his eing removed from the presi deney, or not?" Democrats had not reached agreement Sunday on what specifics to include in the second jronosed article. But the compromise emerged .oday before the scheduled 10:30 a.m. opening time for the committee's nationally broadcast public debate. The compromise did not include any mention of contempt of Congress for refusal to supply subpoenaed tape record* ings. That now was expected to ba taken up in a proposed third article. T)Y DAY'S END Chairman Peter W. Rodino, D-N.J., hoped to get a vote on the second article by the end of the day. No matter how the remaining articles fare, a House vote on whether Nixon should stand trial in the Senate was assured (CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO) House Southern Democrats May Vote For Impeachment WASHINGTON (AP) -- Many House Southern Democrats, a group crucial to President Nixon's hopes of avoiding impeachment, appear prepared to follow their three Judiciary Committee colleagues into pro-impeachment camp. the Interviews with a dozen Southern Democrats, representing cross-section of the 74 from the 11 states of the Old Confederacy, and estimates of experienced House head-counters indicate Nixon may hold barely half of them. With most of the 174 Northern and .Western Democrats expected to vote for impeachment, that means the Presidenl would have to hold almost al' ousted President Makarios two j of the 187 House Republicans, a weeks ago, and the final toll was expected lo be much higher. The Greek government ac- (lifficult task after six of 17 Re publicans on the Judiciary panel voted for impeachment. Thus, the decline in Hie Pros ters, dent's southern flank is a major factor in the growing belief of House leaders that Nixon will be impeached. Even among the more conservative, older S o u t h e r n Democrats, solid backers o[ on most legislative mat- there has been a perceptible decline in the President's support. Few, even likely Nixon backers, are willing to say for sura they will oppose the impeachment move. Surveys indicate that increasingly the younger Southern Democrats vote more like their northern cousins. A survey by the liberal Americans for Democratic Action showed that 16 freshmen crats voted Southern Demo- per cent "liberal" in 1073, compared willi 35 per cent for all Southerners,

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