After The Violence Comes The Calm Northwest Arkansas TIMES, Sun., July M, 1974 FAVETTEVILLE, ARKANSAS National Student Lobby Takes A Diplomatic Approach By JEFF DAY TIMES Washington Bureau WASHINGTON - Of the nearly 2,000 lobbying organizations in Washington, one is distinctly different. Founded after the turmoil of the 1960's, when campus unrest erupted into violence, the National Student Lobby represents the nearly nine million .college students across the nation. But unlike the violence and m a s s demonstrations that hnavked student movements in the 60's, pragmatism and a diplomatic approach are the techniques of the nine member Student Lobby staff here in the nation's capital. "This is the logical result of the years of frustration that were, the 60's," s a y s Arthur Hodbell, executive director of the organization. "I'm not saying that there isn't any frustration today, it is just that this frustration has been channeled." Rodbell's remarks underscore the change in the campus mood today. Yesterday's radicals have become today's lawyers and politicians, with more and more students working within the system. Hodbell questions the ability o t a demonstration to produce change. "A thousand people could demonstrate in front of Congress, and all the Congressmen would do is come out and say 'who here is from my district," says Rodbell. He feels that what really sways congressmen Is a strong argument in behalf of their constituents. . A thousand people in the streets Â· cannot provide good solid arguments. They cannot speak all at once," he says But Rodbell is reluctant to c o m p l e t e l y condemn t h e demonstration as a technique As an informative device to alert the public, he says they nave tremendous value. The S t u d e n t Lobby be lieves in d e a 1 i.n g di- '?Â·Â· y u witn a congressman. We have done more in three years than demonstrations could do in ten," says Rodbell. The Student Lobby has been in existence for three y e a r s . Twice recently they have come ;p national attention. The first lime was for its efforts in behalf of thousands of foreign students about to be sent home because of an immigration ruling. The second was an effort to keep youth air fare discounts in effect. Both issues are still pending, and because of the efforts of the Student Lobby, are still alive. The lobby was founded with the goal of making higher edu. cation available to all those who seek it. There are a number of areas where the lobby has been working for change. Recently the lobby has worked on such diverse issues as funding for student loans, guidelines for campus sexual equality, and gettirrg student: representation on boards which grant scholarships. The lobby follows two general approaches. The first is the reaction approach: where the lobby is either supporting or opposing pending legislation. The second is where the group itself takes the initiative, starting programs where they feel something needs to be done. In both cases, Rodbell uses what he calls "traditional lobbying tactics." When they're reacting, he says, the best possible approach is to firm up the votes of undecided congressmen. Trying to convince the opposition is a "waste of time" Rodbell says "They've already made up their minds." The press is another powerful tool the organization utilizes. "If all else fails," Rodbell says, "there's always the press release." Rodbell credits the organization's press release on a proposed gas rationing plan which would have forced students to return home to get gas, for rejection of the plan. When Energy Czar Simon started getting calls from reporters on :hat. he said, "OK, you w i n ' " "When you're creating an issue," Rodbelt says, "You scout out the Congressional committee that will handle it, then you try to find a sympathetic sponsor. You help h i tn witli the bill, and you offer to testify." Then, just like any lobby, the group spends a lot of time and energy talking to congressmen and their aides, trying to get its point across, On sudden votes, like the recent House vole to eliminate students from the food stamp program, lobby staffers grab congressmen as they go to the floor, trying to apply that last final bit of pressure. Because of the nature of the organization, impeachment is a ow priority issue with the obby. "Whether or not Nixon is in office is not really an issue ivhen you're dealing with things ike tuition and higher education financing," according to Rodbell. "If you choose a short term issue, you are going to be a short term institution. As long as there are student issues and needs, we will exist." The lobby is a curious mixture of blue jeanned idealism zind grey flanneled pragmatism. Sitting in her sparsley furnished office in the National Student Lobby headquarters in North west Washington. Alicia Gany, administrative head of the group, discusses the atmosphere. "All of us have just graduated from college. We have never really been in the rea" world, and tile lobby is a nice mixture of reality and eollefe, t's not too jarring. : "Dealing with the bigger, better financed lobbies, it ltd- ially impossible," she says. 'We come up against rough competition, and we lose. At that point all we can do is be optimistic, and say If men in government are reasonable, and we present them with a just position, it's going to take time but it's going to become a real-: ity.' The lobby operates on an annual budget of about $104,000 'hich comes from dues paid by student organizations on the 300 campuses which they represent. Technically It is run by an 18-memher board of directors composed of elected representatives from the various colleges. The board determines policy and chooses what issues t h Â« Student Lobby will tackle in thÂ« nation's capital. Changing Her Act Miirllm Mitchell is changing her act, picking up the pieces of a life she says was destroyed by Watergate. Mrs. Mitchell, shown recently in Washington, was for years the woman whose late-night telephone calls raised eyebrows across the nation. A former Nixon loyalist, she is now taking a new look at her values and her polities, (AP Wirepholo) Hard-Working Student Sees Herself As Career Marine EL TORRO, Calif. (AP) Marion Joy Willsey is a yourtg lady with three jobs, one career and the urge for a college education. A finance major at Los Angeles Valley College in Van Nuys, Calif., the BurUank resident helps pay her way through school with part-time jobs as secretary to the foreign student advisor at the college and as a bookkeeper for a Burbank firm. But the pert redhead considers herself a career Marine -with reservations. She enlisted in the Marine Corps in her hometown of Cleveland, Ohio, when she was 18, serving a three-year enlistment. Upon discharge she enlisted in the Marine Corps Reserve. Today she is assigned to the Military Police Detachment of Marine Aircraft Group-46, U.S. Marine Corps Reserve. The unit is composed of 79 Marine Reservists, 78 of whom are male and G-l of whom are police officers from Southern California communities. Among the men of the Military Police De tachment, Sgt. Willsey is known as "the rough, tough, cream puff." As a member of the military police unit, she is in charge of payroll record books and gener al administration- The blue-eyed sergeant ex plains that "ever since I was a little girl I've wanted to be in the military service. None p my family could understand it but when I got out of hi'gh school, I went to work fo Standard Oil of Ohio, then Nixon's Stature Hits New Low On Gallup Poll PRINCETON, N.J. (AP) The Gallup Poll says Presiden Nixon's popularity has droppe to an all-time low, with onl 24 percent ot the respondent in a recent survey approvin of the way he is handling h' job. The President's approval ra ing was down four points fron a similar poll conducted las month, Gallup said Friday. In the latest poll, conducte July 12-15, 1,555 persons vver asked: "Do you approve or disa prove of the way Nixon is bane ling his job as President?" Twenty - four percent a proved; 63 per cent disapprove and 13 per cent had no opinio Gallup said. In the June poll, 28 per ce approved, 61 per cent disa proved and 11 per cent had r opinion arted collecting recruiting lit- ature. I checked with all of e services before deciding on e Marine Corps. I chose the orps because it was harder.to t into, more challenging, nee it was smaller than the hers I felt pronjotions would a more rapid. I will have 20 ears combined active and re- rve service before I'm 40 ears old. That adds up to a ntastic retirement program. Practical by nature, Sgt. illsey points to other advan- ges of being a Marine Re- Tvist. "The money isn't bad , all. For A weekend a month, s a sergeant, 1 receive $62.05, hich is almost as much as ome girls make in a week in n office. And I take advantage Marine Exchange privileges 3 do my shopping. For ex- mple, I just bought a dress for 35 at the exchange that I saw i a shop in Los Angeles with a "'S price ta'g. In the civilian larket, my brand of .perfume $6.50 a bottle. I get it for 4.95. I can save 30 cents on a an of hair spray. At the end of le month this has done a lot to dp my budget" ONE FAILING Joy, as she prefers to be ailed, admits to only one fail- re in her Marine Corps ca- eer. "When I first enlisted I Â·as assigned to electronics chool and promptly flunked ut. I had no comprehension of le subject." Someone then took note of the act that she had studied short- and in high school and she ;as sent to the Navy Yeoman Â·chool at Bainbridge, Md. She ompleted the 12-week course n eight weeks and was "Honor "Â·erson" in her class. Upon jraduation she was assigned to he headquarters of Fleet Maine Force Atlantic in Norfolk, Va. where she became the secretary to Maj. Gen. Carl A. Yourrgdale, since retired, the deputy commander. Her association with the Marine Air Reserve's Military Poice Detachment however, has resulted in one additional job plus a major personal decision. "First, I'm changing my col ege major from finance to become a social worker," she says. "In talking with these po ice officers, they made me aware of the need for mo/e profressionals in this field and I want to be one of them. They also tell me that the field is overcrowded. But I still fee that if one is dedicated, he or she can be a success in any field." 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