Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on July 26, 1974 · Page 4
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July 26, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 4

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Friday, July 26, 1974
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Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest la The First Concern Of This Newspaper 4 · FRIDAY, JULY 26, 1974 FBI Checks Klassen As 'Consultant' An Exercise In Civic Interest Roy Clinton, of the Fayetteville Housing Authority, recalls a remark made by a resident of the city regarding plans for the downtown area during a time when Clinton was serving with the Planning Commission. · What the Square needs most, Clinton recalls the lady telling him, "is a good lettin' alone." Clinton says he didn't fully appreciate the substance of the citizen's remarks at the time, but that he has come around to a position of great appreciation for that sentiment. Clinton's remarks were among several highlights of a "public meeting" held early this week in a steamy Central Fire Station attended by some 300 persons. Official delegates to the meeting -- which is different from a public "hearing," Mayor Russell Purely was at some pains to explain -- included the City Board, the Planning Commission, the Housing Authority, spokesmen for a citizens' group campaigning to save the old Post Office building from an Urban Renewal scheduled 'demolition, and three representatives from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) of Little Rock. By the rules of the "meeting," only official delegates were provided speaking parts. The approximately 300 citizens in attendance were there to listen, applaud on several occasions, and marvel on others, at the Catch-22 nature of the particular federal- community relationship that governs disposition of the building in question. What it finally boils down to, after convolutions of technical and rhetorical exposition are exhausted, is that the city's Urban Renewal "plan" requires that in order to give the city the plot where the Post Office now stands the building must be removed BECAUSE, if it isn't, the law requires that the building be sold for about a quarter of a million dollars. The irony in the situation is that it will -.cost a good deal more of the taxpayers' money to tear down the fine old building and replace it with a sunken plaza (a facility that can't possibly be very cheap at the price of a concrete retaining wall these days) than it would be simply to hand over the structure with the understanding that the city would refurbish and maintain it as a municipal facility. Sterling Cockrill Jr., HUD's man from Little Rock, himself a former ^student-arid:;: resident of Fayetteville, listetip tonne ;dis-~ cussion with great sympathy and interest, and did his best to explain the intransigence of a federal program rapidly closing down its business. Urban Renewal is scheduled for phasing out within about two years. Cockrill tells the city that his office will give any plan modification recommended by the city the closest attention -- providing it doesn't cost more; require too many waivers; or negatively affect parts of the plan already commenced or completed. Cockrill is most reasonable; and, so, too, for the most part, are city officials. Board member Paul Noland characterizes the situation as a "transition in our thinking" in regard to the tearing down of historically and architecturally significant structures. Mrs. T. C. Carlson Jr., a Board member, called Cockrill's attention to the "highest" use of the area in question as being public rather than commercial in nature, and got a good hand in the process. Cy Sutherland, professor of architecture at the University and a member of the concerned citizen's group, gave an appropriately dramatic presentation of reasons why the Post Office building restoration make more sense than destruction. (He announced, too, that an effort is under way to have the building placed on the National Register of Historic Buildings, which would give it a measure of protection it does not now have.) Sutherland received an ovation. All this was not unnoticed by Cockrill and his HUD team. "Basically, we are in agreement," he says. But he adds that he MUST have a legally viable alternative to what is now the plan, before he can act. Which, between the lines, is also saying that while the Square surely could do with a good letting alone, the law apparently won't allow it. Not unless the city can come up w i t h - a scheme that HUD will accept, either to delay demolition, or forestall it altogether. There is one additional hope, unmen- .tioned throughout the meeting, that might · -be explored if the city is really serious. With TJrban Renewal on the wane, it is reasonable to assume that the state's congressional delegation might be able to secure legislation to save the building, particularly in view of the popular sentiment attached, and the fact that it would represent a net savings in federal funds, not an outlay. For precedent, as we have mentioned previously, St. Louis saved its old Post Office building by persuading Congress to "··'· change the la,w,that.said it couldn't be done. ' : "" " As a last'fesort'tfPappeal to Washington is worth considering, if an adequate delay in demolition is otherwise achieved. From Our Files; How Time Files} JO YEARS AGO . Local efforts to put Winthrop Rockefeller in the governor's chair get underway this week. This is one .pf the quietest primary elections held in Washington County in years, and if there is much interest it is pretty well under the surface. so VEARS AGO Mary Boyd, champion tennis player of the University of Arkansas summer school, bids fair to develop into an all round athlete with chances for the state championship. A remodeled passenger station and an entirely new freight depot, the two to cost, according to estimate submitted by the Frisco railroad, about (00 YEARS AGO The comet is now visible to the naked eye and is situated at 1 o'clock in the morning directly beneath the polar-star. Mrs. Lea and daughters Nine residential subdivisions; 'are in the works in Fayetteville, two of them of extraordinary size -- one 58% acres, the second 81 and % acres. These two big ones will adjoin each other in the northeast part of town just off Hrghway 71. $100,000 has been promised Fayetteville- Students by the hundreds have been leaving Fayetteville yesterday and practically the last will leave tonight. Nearly a thousand have taken . some kind of course at the University this summer, the enrollment being the largest in the institution's summer school history. announce the opening of a shirt manufactory in their residence in this city. Bishop Pierce of the diocese of Arkansas visited our city this week. They'll Do It Every Time THE KICKOFF// WHAT, ALREADX? WAIT'LU THE. NEW LEAGUE GETS HOV/ARP amuwiut PUAYIUGSIXBWS A weex- AUI. YEAK 'ROMP.' OH/MO.'PONY TELL ME THIS 16 STARTING OPAGAINMfS ONLY H£l.U MAKE KISSINGER LOOK UK6A STICK IN TH MOP. 1 /Anniversary Of Oxygen. Expanding The role of -science in today's world is so pervasive that it is easy to forget how recently many major scientific discoveries were made. In this connection, the career of Joseph Priestley is instuctive. A dis- s e n t i n g English minister, Priestly is best remembered for ' his contributions to the chemistry of gases, and one gas in particular. It was just 200 years' a'go. on Aug. 1, 1774, that Priestley obtained a new gas from mercuric oxide that was six times as pure as ordinary air. Antoine Lavoisier christened Priestley's discovery "oxygen," from the Greek for "acid- rnaker." Priestley did not rest on his laurels, He discovered several other gases besides oxygen, including nitrogen, ammonia, nitrogen rlioxicie, nitrous oxide, hydrogen chloride, and sulfur dioxide. Another significant contribution to chemistry was priestley's work on "the purification of air by plants and the influence of Ifght on that pro- ces," which laid the groundwork for studies by other scientists on respiration and photosynthesis. I m p o r t a n t a s Priestley's discoveries were, he was only one of many men who shaped the scientific revolution that began in Europe in the middle of the 17th century. "The surprising thing about the modern world is not that imperial China never developed a scientific attitude, but that Europe did," historian J. H. Plumb has written (Horizon, summer 1974). "And yet, within one hundred years of 1650, a scientific attitude had become a social attitude: scores of men of - quite simple edueaton ..believed with utmost conviction that all things in the physical universe would yield to experiment..." Science has of course made giant strides since Priestley's day, but the old faith in its power to improve the lot of mankind has weakened- Anti- science, anti-technology sentiment is on the rise in a number of industrialized societies. The charge is made that science and technology are fundamentally to blame for pollution and environmental degradation. Ultimately, though, science will lead the way in finding solutions to these and other problems. --(ERR) By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON. -- The *'BI !s now investigating our allega- t i p n s against Postmaster General Ted Klassen. We have reported that Klassen accepted a $22,917.67 consultant's fee from the Martin E. Segal Company, a postal contractor, while he was a member of the Postal Service's policy-making Board of Governors. Before his promotion to the board, Klassen personally handled as deputy postmaster general a transaction that netted the Segal firm 15 per cent of a half-million-dollar contract. Again, after Klassen left the board to become postmaster general, the Segal firm was awarded another large contract to do a life insurance study for the Postal Service. After our story appeared, the FBI assigned agents to deter-mine whether the S22.9I7.67 which Klassen collected f r o m the Segal firm was an illegal kickback in retian for these postal contracts. We have also documented in a series of columns how Klassen spent postal funds for .Chirslmas gifts, fancy furnishings and other personal extravagances, how he padded the postal payroll with his friends and favored other friends with postal contracts, how he deliberately slowed the mails in 1972 to avoid a rate increase that might have hurt President Nixon's re-election prospects. We will leave it to the FBI The Washington Merry-Go-Round and Justice Department to determine whether these activities were Illegal or merely improper. ZIEGLER'S LIES: Despite all the Watergate lies that have backfired, presidential press secretary Ronald Ziegler still seems incapable of telling t h e truth about the most minor matters. From time to time, we publish a catalogue of 'Zieglcr- isms," as we call his official falsehoods. Here is the latest edition: 1. A year ago, we reported that the White House kept a secret balcklist of Republican senators .who had displeased President Nixon and who, forthwith, were denied White House invitations and other courtesies. The White House put out an indignant denial that any such list existed. Now our story has been confirmed by none other than the former White House impresario of dirty tricks, Charles Colson. On a tape made without his knowledge, Colson said: "A lovely girl...worked for me and maintained all those lists which were known as the 'opponents lists,' people-who would not be invited to the White House." Those on the "opponents lists." said Colson. were "some guys in the Senate" who had annoyed the White House. 2. Earlier this month, Ziegler twice assured reporters that the phlebitis in President Nixon's left leg had resolved itself and the President was "fine." This was contradicted later by both the President's physician, Dr. Walter Tkach, and staff chief Gen. Alexander Haig, who acknowledged that tn» phlebitis condition is continu- in£ lit. Tkach added that he had warned the President not to go to the Middle East last month, because the blood clot in h i s leg might become dislodged and endanger his life. This substantiates .our report while the President was in the Middle East that a special medical team had been sent to the Mediterranean as an unprecedented precaution. "The five-man team," we reported on June 14, "is led by CapU William J. Fouty, chief of surgery at the Bethesda Naval Hospital, and ;Dr. Myer Rosenthal, head of the hospital's Intensive Care Unit." 3. We broadcast over the Mutual radio network on June 18 that the United States was preparing to sell police equipment to the Soviet secret' police, of all people. .···" · ! ·' Among the crime-fighting equipment American conroanies would offer to the KGB, we reported, were mobile, crime labs, metal detectors, voice identification systems, detection devices to locate explosives and narcotics, electric arcs, anticar- stealing devices, chemicals and "The Cyprus Story Isn't A Biggie, Staff, But At Least It's A Relief From Watergate" A Potpourri Excerpts From The World Of Thought ..MINE SAFETY DOSS. Matt Witt, "Sabotabing Safety," United Mine Workers Journal July 1-15, 1974, pp. 2-7. "Across the coalfields, tens pf thousands of miners are in daily dairger because of coal company, practices which are ignored or even encouraged by MESA (Mine Enforcement and Safety Administration) and its acting boss, James day. Some may be killed..because Day did not force the companies to provide proper, equipment and safety protection. Others may only lose an arm or a leg, perhaps because Day failed to protect them by promptly issuing regulations on safety training or underground illumination. Still others may be killed more slowly by inhaling . the high levels of coal dust which companies have learned they can get away with under Day's administration." "But James Day does not seem to understand these dangers, and part of the reason is that he does not understand coal mining. He may have worked hard to get his present job, but that hard work wasn't in a coal mine, or anywhere near one. Day rose through the ranks--not of the mining industry--but of the Republican party. A Nixon campaign worker, a lawyer, and a former CIA .employee. Day came to the U.S. Interior Department in 1970 not knowing the difference between a heliminer and a helicopter." "In April, the UMW Journal learned (Day) was secretly sponsoring a set of 23 proposed a m e n d m e n t s which would severely weaken t h e 1 0 6 9 Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act. The amendments had already won final approval at the Deaprbment of the Interior and were being reviewed by other government agencies before being sent to Congress. The UMWA, which represents about 125,009 coal miners...had never been consulted." ..FIGHTING PESTS. Kenneth Brower, "Wings of the Rhinoceros," The Atlantic, July 1974, pp. 47-59. "Around 1942 the coconut beetle arrived in Palau, an archipelago in the Caroline I s l a n d s of the western Pacific... Within 10 years of in- trduction, the beetle had killed more than half of Palau's coconut palms. Many pf the trees that survived were injured and sharply reduced. The damage in Palau was the worst in the world," "Orcytes rhinoceros..is a big, black, heavily hung ,Uugh, pyk- nic, irritable beetle. A single adult can kill a palm tree." "In 1953 the South Pacific Commission stated that eradication was not a possibility. Workers would have to be satisfied by simply controlling the beetle's numbers. Sanitation was the only sure method of control. But it was costly insecticides would not work, for at no time in its life cycle was the beetle sufficiently exposed. As a larva it fed within logs, gas, equipment for tracing fingerprints and equipment to protect personnel against firearms. Our report, was echoed a month later by Sen. Henry Jackson, D-Wash. Ziegler immediately denied it. H« had spent an e n t i r e morning, he said, trying in vain to find out what Jackson was talking about. Perhaps American companies want to sell the Soviets "walkie-talkies or something," suggested Ziegler. Next day, the story was confirmed and Ziegler was caught in another lie. as a pupa it reposed beneath the soil, and as an adult it fed deep in the palm heart." "If the forest was allowed to retain some of its original complexity, t h a t complexity would serve as a reservoir of potential from which a new arrival such as the rhinoceros beetle, as alien to the place as a creature f r o m another planet, could be held in balance. It meant that the conventional wisdom on coconut palms--that plantations should be monocultures kept carefully bushed and neat--was wrong.' "The beetle war has had no satisfactory climax . . . Much promising work on chemical attractants and chemosterilants has followed the entry of the United Nations." "The beetle waits in the wings for typhoons as potent as Opal and Louise, svhich in 1964 killed thousands of Palauan palms, providing breeding grounds for countless larvae..." From. The Bookshelf The CIA is not defending our national security. It seeks rather to maintain the status quo, to hold back the cultural clock, in areas that are of little or no significance to the American people. These efforts, are often doomed to failure. In fact, at least since 1961, the CIA has lost many more battles than it has won, even by its own standards. Furthermore, the very fact that the United States operates an active CIA around the world has done incalculable harm to the nation's international position. Not only have millions of people abroad been alienated by the CIA's activities, but so have been a large number of Americans, especially young people. The time has come for the United States to stand openly behind its actions overseas, to lead by example rather than manipulation! The changeover might disturb those government officials who believe in the inherent right of the United States to exercise its power everywhere, clandestinely when that seems necessary; but in the long run non-interference and fortrightness would enhance America's international prestige and position. --Victor Marchetti and John D. Marks, The CIA and the Cult o/ Intelligence (1974) WASHINGTON WHIRL] VtCB President Gerald Ford has been : making hard-sell appeals for $50 to $5,000 for the Senate and House Republican, campaign committees. His letter for House candidates is srgned "Jerry Ford." The Senate letter is more formal, signed "Gerald R Ford." , President Nixon's m ' o s t aggressive defender. Rabbi Barueh Korff, is no stranger to controversy. In 1966, Korff defended the J o h n Birch Society against attacks by 'the Jewish anti-defamation league. But Korff told us h» has now had "second thoughts" about the Birchers, "becausa they want the President impeached"...The House Ethics Committee, which has been in existence since early 1967, got around to issuing its "Advisory Opinion No. 3" last month. In. other words, the committee has felt compelled to issue formal ethical advice less than onc« every two years. What Others Say OUR PLACE IS THE CITY When the end of this century rings round and Columbia looks back on her last 50 years between these seas one hopes sha will not also have to look upon the sooted hulks of what ones were great American cities now abandoned by men who lost cour,age and hope. . The signs are ominous. America ascends toward the crest of this century and, with ever more despairing frustration,- looks anxiously about for some alternative to what has · always been the form, the /structure in which western civilization has been held, the city. The flight, the abandonment, the furtive search for alternatives . is born, first of - all, in the escapist's delusion that wa. can recover Men, that there is, somewhere ouside the pale of societal beings ,a refuge of un-; corrupted wilderness, whera .God still walks in the cool of the day and where we, the builders of cottages in tha woods and cottages by the sea, can get away from it all. And so we burn bur bridges behind us, an act of psychic violence made easier yet by the supporting notion that what man hath wrought is essentially evil and that the good is put- Bide the -matrix. Ina curious reversal imagery, the city becomes the desert wilderness and the desert wilderness one's Promised Land. In it, like a perverted Moses, one will wander and he will be. content. Ask hoy that is true and one need only look about: The language of America is the language of flight. To the suburbs, to the country, to the mountains, to the sea it matters not where as long as we' are fleeing, and ever behind u j looms the urban ogre, the soot- ed hulks that we would aban-: don. It may be that when Columbia regards us from afar, the worst of our follies to causa her weeping will be that we forgot the lesson of 25 centuries, a lesson briefly recounted in these awesome words: Athens, Rome, Jerusalem, Florence, Venice, Paris, London. The philosphers, the saints, the poets of all ages did not dream of quiet repose in an. isolated wilderness, of an A-frame by the sea. They dream-, ed of and they built cities, where men raised temples to God and monuments to the ingenuity of human skills. And when they built their cities, they matched the vision with the courage to make them habitable -- they lived in them. They did not, like nomads, simply fold their tents and flee. In the second half of this century about to begin our third one hundred years between a watershed. We have come to a watershed. We hav com to a time when we must acknowledge that man cannot escape man, that the Promised Land 1 of an imagined wilderness where we do not have to see and hear and smell the throes and cries and sweat of one another either simply does not exist or, it does, exists as a satanic delusion that the whole world can be ours and not just the more immediate province of the city in which' Wfc live. Thus we will never belive, nor will we ever support, any notion tnt calls men away from their natural habitat as men. That habitat is the city, and that habitat alone is where men, as long as we are in the flesh, can also be civilized men. ARKANSAS DEMOCRAT DEPRESSED For a; practical lesson in the sad peculiarities of economics,' there s nothing like trying to sell an old car and finding out that the whole thing is worth' about half the price of Its new parts. AshevUIe (N.C.) CliUen:

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