Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on July 25, 1974 · Page 17
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July 25, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 17

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Thursday, July 25, 1974
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Page 17
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Some Are Tired Of Waiting AH«m*w T1MM, flwfc, My IS, Wf · IT Expectations Of Palestinian. Refugees May Be Altered BEIRUT (AP) -- More than half the 3 million Palestinians seeking a homeland still live on handouts aticl hale in refugee camps. Their fate could determine the course of peace in the Middle East. The guerrilla'movement gave them leaders. The October War with Israel gave them hope. The Arab-Israel cease-fire has presented them with an agonizing dilemma: Should they attend a Geneva conference with Israelis and bargain for some of their old homeland back, or should they escalate terrorism and wait for another Arab-Israeli War in opes of winning it all? "Even if all the Arabs sign a peace agreement with Israel I will continue to fight," Shouts an angry guerrilla called Salah at a camp in South Lebanon. "1 have waited 26 years and I am lived of wailing," shrugs Ahmee Husseini outside his refugee shack in Jordan. "1 will accept whatever I am given." Hussein ilivesileaakhB an Husseini lives in the Bakaa Gamp 12 miles north of Amman. It is not a pleasant place to wait. More than 52,000 refugees are crowded into 7,389 corrugated iron huls, which average 10 square feet of living space for every six inhabitants. Summertime temperaturs of 122 degres fahrcnheit have been rcorded in the liny swealboxes. NO RUNNING WATER The dusly streets are unpaved. There is no running water, no sewage system, only 422 public lavatories and 61'"water poinls" where camp wives collect the precious liquid in rusty tin cans. Women in Bakaa average 10 children apiece. Two of them die, viclims of typhoid, -pneumonia, tuberculosis, gastro enteritis and malnutrition. Each rcgugee receives a monthly ration from the United Nations Relief Works Agency-10 kilograms of flour, less lhan half a kilo of rice, sugar and oil. It amounts to.15 cents worth of food a day, not enough to sustain a human being. A kilo is equivalent to 2.2 pounds. The men hire out as laborers to building contractors who send trucks with recruiter from Amman. But there is ne ver enough work for all. Refuge deaths arc seldom reported si their families can continue t draw the extra rations. While their younger children, o * UNRWA schools and their 1 cen-agers j o i n resistance roups, th« parents fantasize bout what they left behind in 'alestine and hoard copper ennies under their pillows for he day when they relurn. : "We have to believe in some- hing," said Majed el Hadi. 'The October war was a victory for us because it smashed he myth of Israeli invincibility. We might, not get everything ve want, but we will get some- hing out of it." DOUBLE REFUGEES Four-fifths of the Inhabitants n Bakaa are "double refugees." They fled from Israel to Jordan's west bank when the Jewish stale was created in 1948, and they fled to the east bank in 1967 when Israel occupied the west bank. The other 10,000 are west bankers who stand a much bet ter chance, of regaining their former homes. This underlines the basic problem that divides the Palestinians and their guer rilla spokesmen. Israel's .ultimate withdrawa from the territories seized in 1967 appears to be negotiable Her 1948 borders are not. Wha might satisfy the Palestinian from the West Bank or th laza Strip will not necessarily atisfy the Palestinian from laifa' or Jaffa. Of 620,000 Palestinians now rowding the West Bank 283,430 re refugees from Israel prop- r. The Gaza Strip has 450,000 nhabitants, of whom 327,000 ealously guard their refugee talus by living in camps. Prevented from establishing permanent new homes in neigh- joring Arab countries, they have resisted resettlement in he .West 'Bank and Gaza for ear of renouncing their claim o that part of Palestine which Israel docs not want to give up. Most of the 187,000 refugees in Lebanon, 174,000 in Syria and 568,000 in. Jordan also came 'rom what is now Israel. There is no room lor them in 2,561 square miles of West Bank ant 150 square miles of Gaza Strip. "Israel will just have to give up more territory if it wants peace," said a young student in Gaza's Burdij Camp. "I come from Beersheeba and I do no want to live in this narrow stri] of desert." FEARFUL AND FATALISTIC The refugees are both fearfu and fatalistic about the possi bility of an imposed settlemen by the superpowers and Aral governments' more interested ii heir ewn territorial objectives nd economic reconstruction Her four Middle East wars. Most ot them have blind faith n a handful of guerrilla leaders o pull them out cf their predicament. Although the guerrilla fighters only number some 19,000 jnd are largely based in Lebanon and Syria, their swagger rig chieftains have filled a eadership vacuum created by 26 years of subjugation. Ask a Palestinian in Nabcus, Hebran, Gaza, Jericho or Amman whom he looks up to am ie will say Yasser Arafat am he Palestine Liberation Organ izalion. For the .same reason Arab governments recognize Ihe PLO as the sole represents live of the Palestinian people a a summit conference in Algiers last year. The PLO is a loose allianc of Arafat's large A! Fata t'"oup, Zohair Mohsen's Syr ian supported Saika, the Iraqi backed Arab Liberation Fron (ALF) headed by Abdul Waha Khayali, the Marxist Popula Front for the Liberation of Pa estine (PFLP) headed by Di George Habash, and the Popu lar Democratic Front (PDF) Nayef Hawalmeh. The PLO Executive Com mitlce chaired by Arafat domi- ales the 162-man Palestine na- onal council -- the closest ling to a parliamenl-in-exile -- ut it exercises lilllc control ver the widely divergent ideo- ogies and lactics of its mem- ter groups, and no cqnlrol over .ixlremist splinters like Black September and Ahmed Jibreel's n FLP-general command. GUERRILLAS DIVIDED But the guerrillas themselves are divided between moclerales vho want to bargain tor half Palestine and radicals who vant to continue their liberation war. Up to 20 were killed in recent armed clashes be tween Ihe PDF and Ihe PFLPGC in two Lebanese refu ;ee camps. Palestinian refugees slill re fuse lo recognize the legitimacy of Israel, but they have facei up to the reality of a state tha lias existed for a quarter cenlu ry. Even their most fanatii guerrillas have stopped talkin about driving the Jews inlo Ih sea. "We will settle for a demo cralic Paleslinian slale which Arabs and Jews can co exist peacefully," said Abu Ki fan of the PFLP-GC. "0 course, coexistence cannot in iude imported Zionists. All the cws who immigrated lo Israel fler 1048 will have to go back ·here they came from." He is'talking about more than wo-thirds of the present popu alien of Israel, an extremely unrealistic deportation project dismissed by a majority -of moderate Palestinians. Some.o! hem see an alternative solu- ton in Jordan, which earned he enmity of .the guerrillas by expelling them in a bloody civil var four years ago. 'Israel could not survive 24 hours without American sup- iort and neither could King L lussein," said Shafiq el Hout of the PLO. "If the Americans dcm'l what to give us Israel, I personally would be satisfied with Jordan. "It is part of old Palestine. Half Ihe population is already Palestinian. I would feel at liome there if you Americans removed your puppet king." Such'talk has upset Saudi Arabia's King Faisal, who is anxious to preserve the Arab world's dwindling manarchies. He has quietly passed the word to Arafat that he will use his country's oil wealth to subsidize any fledgling Palestinian slate as long as the guerrillas keep their hands off Jordan. Inflation Hits Commissary U.S. Military personnel are shown shopping for groceries at the Ft. Hainillon, New York base commissary. The tlircc million Americans authorized to shop in military commissaries are feeling the same inflationary pinch as the rest of (lie country, b u t they arc slill spending about 20 per cent less for groceries than the average citizen. (AP Wirephnto) May Waive Seniority WASHINGTON (AP) -- Senate Republicans have indicated they may waive their customary 'adherence to the seniority system in assignments to the new congressional budget control committee. Sens, Morris Cotton, R-N.H, and John Tower, R-Tex., told newsmen they favor departing from the system at least enough to assure, GP .representatioi From the Finance ' and Appro priations Committee on the new panel. Cotton is chairman of In conference of all Republics senators. Tower heads Ihe Senate GOP Policy Committee. Mall Walk Sale t~i*i ^.V-.^^ Summer Fun in Canvas Orig. $4 Have fun in ths sun with these clever little canvas tola bags tha? hold all your doodles. Vinyl trimmed. Neat and compact, but big enough for all those extras. 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