Editorial-Opinion Page T7w Public Interest Is The First Concern O/ Tfit* Newspaper 4 Â· THURSDAY, JULY 25, 1974 Big Oil Helps Set Its Own Regulations The Washington Merry-Go-Round *Â· No-Fault Still Kicking Just as we were resigning ourselves to a congressional blackout on progressive, consumer, reform legislation for this session -under pressure of the impending impeachment process -- we are advised by economic analyst and syndicated columnist Sylvia Porter that the National No-Fault Motor Vehicle Insurance Act is alive and well on Capitol Ms. Porter's view is noteworthy in view of a really heavy schedule of lobbying in Washington this summer by such consumerism-oriented groups as Common Cause and : the Ralph Nader people. Nader and Common Cause are hearing down hardest on campaign and election reform legislation, which is understandable in view of the daily horrors on Watergate that are still coming to light. The Nader group, quite interestingly, finds that the House continues to be almost : as secretive about its official activities as , the CIA. No single committee reports all its votes, so that constituents can sea how their representatives are "representing" them on matters of interest, says Nader. No cimmit- tee maintains a public index to all its votes, either, he adds. This, ironically, is the sort of undercover climate that helped produce the excesses of Watergate. Along the way, these "public lobbies" are also pushing for things like consumer protection and no-fault. Until now, powerful opponents in the legal profession have blocked no-fault. The Senate, however, passed a bill sponsored by Sens. Warren John I. Smith Magnuson, D-Wash., and Phil Hart, D-Mich., last May and there is some hope the House may get around to a vote by late summer. There is, in fact, a good chance of passage, according to Ms. Porter. As drafted by the Senate, the National No-Fault program would require every auto owner to have a policy -- regulated by the state, but limited to certain federal minimum standards. Today millions of car owners are uninsured, and all too often they are the ones who run into you. The federal bill would remove such vehicles from the road. In addition, such an insurance p l a n would protect the driver where he needs it. In the event of an accident he would be entitled to prompt benefits, regardless of fault. There also would be compensation for victims of accidents, within limits set by each state. "There's no doubt," says Ms. Porter, "that the present version of federal no-fault would sharply reduce the use of today's tort liability system," wherein the law profession finds its greatest interest. Data suggests, however, that a much greater percentage of the insurance premium would be spent on actual benefits, and that in most cases premiums would decrease. The public would get more for less, in other words. Of passing interest to some, too, we imagine, is a feature of the bill that makes pedestrians eligible for benefits. For the muchly knocked about private citizen, no- fault benefits seem to far outweigh the lawyers' stake in the matter -- and maybe Congress is getting that message, too. Area Farming By JOHN I. SMITH The cattle market in Northwest Arkansas continues on a gradual decline. This decline in the price of our feeder and stocker calves is not due to any equal decline in the price of fat 1100 pound grain fed steers or to a decline in the price of slcaks in the retail stores. Of course, these latter two have declined in pricen but not in proportion to the decline in the sale price ot our grass fed calves and steers. Grain fed 1100 pound steers at Omaha in 1970 brought 29 cents; in 1971, 32 cents; in 1972, 36 cents; in 1973, 44 cents; and in the first five months of this year 43 cents. These, of course, are average figures for the years and for the five months of this year, but it is plain that no serious break has occurred in the average price of fat steers. However, since fat steers rose in August 1973 much above the 44-cent average for last year, a serious break did From Oar Files; How Time Flies 10 YEARS AGO . Most observers of local political games expect a moderate voter turnout in Tuesday's primary elections. A 14-year-old boy suffered only minor injuries when his motor scooter overturned after colliding with a dog yesterday 50 YEARS AGO Everybody with an ounce of Southern blood in h i m is in- Â· terested in the Confederate Cemetery. Since that's that, nobody seems to believe there will be any difficulty in raising whatever amount is necessary to repair the road leading to it. James Guy Tucker, auditor : of the state, is spending a few 100 YEARS AGO A new line of hacks are now running between Fayetteville and Vinita, Okla. J. E. Vaughan is the proprietor. Peter Mankins Sr, who is 101 years old and who remembers well of seeing Washington's Army on the march to attack afternoon. Two men were hospitalized and five others received emergency treatment after suffering varying degrees of carbon m o n o x i d e poisoning while pouring concrete inside Zero Mountain yesterday afternoon. hours in Fayetteville today. Mr. Tucker says he is running for re-election on his record in office. Between 40 and 50 leading grape growers of the Ozark section visited Fayetteville this afternoon, making a pilgrimage to local vineyards, chief among which is that of Morton Brothers, at Farmington. Cornwallis at Yorktown, rode three miles to the polls Tuesday to vote. Col, J. M. Pittman passed up the street yesterday with a bull- tongue plow on his shoulders and a bundle of oats in his pocket. They'll Do It Every Time OFFICE C*LS ( 1X ^ CMIX ' ) \Jrr\\A y?\is \ cro vyi_. j AMP FRIEMPS v rw^ T V W - ^ X DOT HIS FAMILY CCMPt-ETEW FOR occur from that high. The price of choice cuts of meat in the retail stores has risen over the years proportionate to the above figures and, therefore, has taken no substantial decline, except from the short- period high of August, 1973. The whole problem has. been the cost of grain feed and protein concentrates for the big feedlot o p e r a t o r . In recent years the feed-lot operator had to get $150 dollars or more for .his 110-pound steers than he paid for his 700 or 800-pound calves. Last year his costs mounted overnight, and he found that he was losing about $100 per head. They are very badly hurt, and they feel that they must buy their calves much cheaper in order to get back into business. While we all hope for a higher market, and might get it, there are factors which will tend to keep it down. The number of total cattle is the strongest of these factors. The USDA report on cattle and meat for July states: "The cattle inventory is the source from which slaughter supplies are drawn and it appears to 'be well stocked. It seems ample to support increases in slaughter for the second half of 1974 and for the next couple of years. Based on the number of c a t t l e on farms and ranches on January 1, there is the potential of about a 10 per cent increase of cattle slaughter for the next 3 years without stopping growth in the total cattle herd." Then, too, we might see our Northwest Arkansas cattlemen producing steers on grass that weigh from 700 pounds to 1000 pounds, not 350 to 600 pounds. While many people prefer corn- fed steers, many others might accept grass-fed steers. An authority of the U of A recently stated that more costly grain would have to go into human foods, and that more forage would have to feed the cattle. That thought is now being expressed by many people, and surely we will se a trend in that direction. The last mail brought to us the 1973 Agricultural Statistics for Arkansas. This report shows Washington County leading all other counties with 119,500 cattle and Benton with 116,400. This represents a tremendous increase over the number for a year ago when the two counties had around 90,000 each IT APPEARS to us that we have a more-than-excellcnt Horticultural Department in the University of Arkansas with too few farmers who are following its leadership. For illustration, many thousands of tons of dry beans are shipped from other states each year to the canning factories of Washington County They surely could be grown right here and at a good profit. We need small acreage cash crops to he grown on our small acreage family farms. On Friday, August 2. 9:30 a.m. the Horticultural Department will demonstrate the success of growing dry beans, kidney beans, Navy beans Pinto beans, and perhaps others. Tnis will be at the Horticulture Food Science Building on the main U of A Experiment farm on North highway 112. Farmers interested in good cash crops for their small acre- ages or even for large acreages should attend this demonstration. Farmers who have ample irrigation water and who are willing to apply ample fertility Â·nd do intensive cultivation should look into this possibility, By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON -- The U.S. Geological Survey, which is supposed to protect the public from calamitous offshore oil spills, has turned to the oil industry for guidance. A Geological Survey document, marked "PRIVILEGED INFORMATION," reveals that the government has brought in 23 oil executives to draft the s t a n d a r d s for antipollutidn equipment used in offshore drilling. This is a little like putting Dracula in charge of the blood bank! The oil tycoons have demonstrated in the past that they are more interested in holding down their costs than in protecting the public from oil spills. The scramble for more oil, meanwhile, has spurred a drive for new leases to drill for oil off the Gulf and Atlantic coasts. Unless adequate safeguards are taken, repetitions of the disastrous Santa Barbara, Calif., oil spill could blight America's beaches. A Geological Survey spokesman promised us that the antipollution standards adopted by the industry - dominated committee would be carefully reviewed. The quiet appointment of 23 oil executives to draft oil spill standards, however, illustrates how the industry influences federal oil policies. Top industry executives and government oil officials shuffle back and forth between corporate boardrooms and government conference rooms with remarkable ease. Not only does the government depend upon industry manpower but also industry data in oil policymaking. A confidential General Accounting Office investigation has found, for example, that the oil oversight agencies accept industry figures on everything from the number of shut-in wells to the amount of recoverable oil and gas under the ground. The government doesn't verify the figure, GAO investigators were told, because "policies prohibit verification." These "policies" are imposed by the oil and gas industry, which suplies the government with the data. Any manipulation of the figures, of course, could significantly alter oil and gas prices. Yet there is no way anyone can double-check. Footnote: Congressman John Moss, D-Calif., who requested the GAO study, has called for independent government data gathering. TIMM'S TROUBLES - In 1960, Federal Communications Chairman John Charles Doerfer took a brief yachting vacation at the expense of broadcaster George B. Storer. Doerfer admitted at House hearing that he and his wife had flown to Miami in a plane owned by the Storer Broadcasting Company and had gone yachting and golfing iri the Keys aboard Storer's cabin cruiser Lazy Girl. This was a social occasion," pleaded Doerfer. Nevertheless, P r e s i d e n t E i s e n h o w e r immediately summoned Doerfer to the White House and demanded his resignation. Within a week, the unhappy Doerfer was no longer Federal Communications Chairman. Last month, Civil Aeronautics Chairman Robert D. Timm and his wife flew to, Bermuda for a golfing vacation at the expense of United Aircraft Corporation. They traveled in a company jet and were put up at the fashionable, cliffside Castle Harbour Hotel. We went to Bermuda and checked out the hotel, which is surrounded by lush, semitropical gardens. It has an 18-hole championship golf course, two private pink sand beaches, a private yacht club with deep- sea fishing boats and three swimming pools, one of them complete with a man-made waterfall. Strictly speaking, the Doerfer and Timm junkets were not alike. Doerfer's expenses were paid by a company he was supposed to regulate. Timm doesn't regulate United Aircraft, which picked up his bills. But United Aircraft sells aircraft engines and accessories to the big airlines, which Timm does regulate. And the company arranged for four top airline executives -- Pan American's William T. Seawell, T r a n s World's Charles C. Tillinghast, Braniff's Harding L. Lawrence and Western's Arthur F. Kelly -- to join their chief regulator for a cozy weekend in Bermuda. The airline bigwigs must have been grateful to United Aircraft for putting them together, under such sociable circumstances, with the man who will judge whether they get valuable new routes. But Timm protested that he had no control over whom his host invited to Bermuda. He confirmed our finding that the trip arrangements had been made by President Nixon's former chief lobbyist and campaign manager, Clark MacGregor, who is now the chief loby- ist for United Aircraft. Although Timm technically didn't accept a free vacation in Bermuda from the airlines he regulates, he frequently ''It Kind Of Helps You Understand How They Managed Watergate" *Â·Â· s-\ t A f f Â· Arms And An State Of Affairs Anxious world By CLAYTON FRITCHEY WASHINGTON -- Iran wants the U.N. General Assembly, which opens in about six weeks, to establish a nuclear-free zone in the Middle East. Fair enough, but why only the Middle East? If the United Nations is going to take up nuclear problems again, why not do it across the board through the World Disarmament Conference that has been talked about so much but never implemented? Since there appears to be little prospect in the near future of further inhibiting the development and spread of nuclear weapons through bilateral negotiations between Russia and the United States, there is little to be lost and perhaps much to be gained by turning to multilateral diplomacy for a change. In a limited way, the United Nations has been trying to do this for the last 12 years, first through the Eighteen National D i s a r m a m e n t Committee (F.NDC) and later through a successor group ailed Conference of the Committee on Disarmament (CCD). Little has been accomplished, one reason being the absence of such nuclear nations as China and France and such key European countries as West and East Germany. Becaus3 of greatly changed conditions, it is probable that most of these powers now would participate in a full-fledged World Disarmament Conference. Mrs. Alva Myrdal, who has long been the Swedish representative to both ENDC and CCD, believes the Chinese might also come in if their views were given sympathetic consideration. IN ANY CASE, Mrs. Myrdat, whose experience qualifies her as one of the great veterans of the arms debate, thinks the proposed World Disarmament Conference (WDC) is now not only a practical possibility but 'might come around in 1974." In a remarkably candid and illuminating interview with Richard Hudson, editor of the scholarly World-Peace Report, Mrs. Myrdal says the conference "is indeed to be considered seriously because we need some kind of breakthrough. We can't just continue with the CD. in which nobody really believes, on the one hand, and then have bilateral negotiations on the other." . The results of the strategic arms limitations talks (SALT) arc, in Mrs. Myrdal's opinion, "cither nonagreements or mere cosmetic devices." Speaking not only for herself but, as she believes, for other delegations as well, Mrs. Myrdal says, "We are pessimistic about achieving any real disarmament because we must blame the two superpowers who all the time have gone on not only piling up more arms but also improving the weapons they have." As to China's doubts about a World Disarmament conference, Mrs. Myrdal's answer is, "We should meet in order to consider the pledges called for by the Chinese of non-first use of nuclear weapons and never using them against nuclear-free countries." That's what the WDC shoudl be about in the first instance, the Swedish representative says. "And what," she asks, "of Ihe Russians' offer when they say, 'We have already promised, you know, never to use force.' That's the kind of promise that lunches, dines, golfs .and attends theater parties as the guest of airline executives. We spoke to airline vice presidents who admitted they had entertained Timm, who acknowledged that he had been their guest at social events. Timm and his airline h o s t s emphasized that they never discussed pending cases on these social occasions. Timm also insisted that his rulings have not been affected by his social contacts. He contended that he couldn't oversee the airline industry from a glass bubble - and that he learned about the industry through close association with its people. Strikes In The Public Sector WASHINGTON (EER) -- The approach of midsummer finds the nation's workers hot under the collar. As of July 15. the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service reports, 5B8 strikes were in progress. A total of 231, 324 workers were involved. At the same point last year there were 279 walkouts involving 70,000 workers. Actually, the situation is even worse than the conciliation service's figures show. Under federal law, unions operating in the private sector of the economy are obliged to report to the service 30 days in advanco of any strike actions. Public- tor unions are under no such obligation. Thus, many public- sector unions are under no such are not included in the government's statistics. Public-sector strikes are of mounting conern to state and local governments and to ordinary citizens. San Francisco and, more recently, Baltimore were virtually paralyzed this year by massive walkouts ot city employees. Thousands of state employees represented by four different unions went on strike in Ohio. The cost of settling or averting such strikes is high. In New York, City, for example, the Uniformed Firefighters Association recently agreed to a contract that will raise the annual base pay of firemen from t h e present $15,250 t o more I n $18,000 over a two-year peripd. The city's sanitation men negotiated a separate two-year pact that will increase base pay from $13,741 to $15,500 a year. These settlements are sure to lead to comparable raises for policemen and other municipal employees. NEW YORK HAS had years of experience in dealing with municipal unions, but many other cities are relatively new to the game. Their lack of expertise in the art of bargaining sometimes has led to overly generous settlements or, more often, acrimonious strikes that might have been avoided. It was all but inevitable, then, that labor unrest was a major topic of discussion at the recent annual meeting in San Diego of the U.S. Conference of Mayors. Many mayors indicated willingness to adopt a get-toirgh approach in dealing with union wage demands. Reduction of the number of municipal employees was recommended in cases where a settlement is clearly beyond the city's ability to pay. Deadlocked issues, it was suggested, should be submitted to binding arbitration. Neil Goldschmidt. the mayor of Portland, Ore., believes cities should insist on the principle of better work for better pay. "We're willing to pay higher wages and fringes, but we don't want to be featherbedded," ha told a U.S. News World Report interviewer. "Our only hope is to get more productivity out of the workers we have. People won't stand for igh- er taxes." is just rhetoric. It certainly is no pledge, as the Chinese want it to be." If both bilateral and WDC multilateral efforts fail to control the arms race, there could be a revival of interest in the kind of unilateral approach that in the 1960s was known as GRIT, an acronym invented by Prof. Charles Osgood, signifying "graduated reciprocation in tension-reduction." THERE ARE A number of appealing features to the GRIT approach. Prof. Robert Johansen, author of "The Politics of Arms Control," lists several: 1--It does not depend on bargaining "with a suspicious rival over troublesome details." 2--It cuts through the atmosphere of suspicion and communicates "a desire to exercise self-restraint, to extend a degree of trust to the opponent," and to carry out further acts if earlier ones are reciprocated. 3--"It shifts the focus in efforts of the public and press from the usual practice of attacking the opponent's good faith to the more promising task of pressing one's own domestic political system to undertake initiatives for arrnt reductions." This may sound like unrealistic, starry-eyed idealism, but one of the toughest politicians of our time -- the late Nikita Khrushchev -- says in his secret memoirs that, even if a Soviet-American agreement on bilateral arms reduction were impossible, Russia should "go ahead and sharply reduce our own expenditures -- unilaterally." Is Khrushchev's 3110- cessor. Chairman Leonid Brezh- nev, listening? (C) 1974, Lot Angeles Times ..PEOPLE HAVE come to accept, even if grudgingly, the right of public employees to organize and bargain collectively. It was a different story 50 years srgo. In 1919, after a Boston police strike was broken, Gov, Calvin Coolidge of Massachusetts declared: "There is no right to strike against the public safety by anybody, any time." Coolidge's remark was widely acclaimed and helped him to win the Republican vice presidential nomU nation the following year. President Wilson went even further. He called the Boston strike "a crime against civilization" and expressed hope that its lesson would not be forgotten, "Because the pride of America is that it can exercisa self-control." Self-control is as much of a virtue today as in 1919- But with inflation seemingly out of control, it would be futile to expect tha nation's increasingly militant unions of public employees to moderate their wage demands. Bible Verse "For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believetbi in him should not perish! but have everlasting life." John 3:16 This is all that the lost needs to know about salvation to be Â· saved. It is also all that the Christian needs to understand to reach the lost. Herein is tha headt of the ogspel. Indeed tha application of the same it the only Salvation lor the aoul ot man.
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