Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on July 21, 1974 · Page 39
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July 21, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 39

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According To Evidence From Judiciary Committee Northwett Arkansat TIMES, Sun., July 21, 1974 PAYITTIVILUC, AMKAHIAI 13B Richardson Says Nixon Threatened To Fire Cox In July 73 WASHINGTON CAP) -- For-; '·'mer Ally. Gen. Elliot Richard-! son has told. the House 'Judiciary Committee that as early as July 3, 1973, President Nixon was threatening to fire '-'special Watergate prosecutor '·Archibald Cox. 'f- An affidavit in which Richardson described the presidential displeasure with Cox was "·included in evidence made pub- r lic Saturday by the House · i Judiciary Committee from its impeachment inquiry. ·' In his affidavit, dated June 17. 1974, Richardson said Gen. Alexander M. Haig Jr., .White House staff chief, called him on .July 3, 1973, to ask about a · news story that Cox was in- 'vestigaling expenditures at the Western White House in San ·'Clemente, Calif. Richardson said Cox. told him :he report .was erroneous..' . "Gen. Haig said that he was not sure the President. was 'not going to move on this to discharge Mr. Cox, and that it could not be a matter of Cox's charter to investigate the President of the United States." On July 23 Richardson said lie got a call from Haig who "told me that the 'boss' was very 'uptight' about Cox ... General Haig told me that 'if we have to have, a confrontation we will have it.' Gen eral Haig said that the Presi dent wanted 'a tight line drawn with no further mistakes,'. and that 'if .Cox does not agree, we will get rid of Cox. 1 .". Finally,. said Richardson, in late September or early October, 1973, he met with Nixon to discuss the Investigation a n d ·esignalion of Vice President ipiro T. Agnew. ' A f t e r we had finished our discussion about Mr. Agnew, and as we were walking toward he door, the President said, in substance, 'Now that we have disposed of that matter, we can go ahead and get rid of Cox.' " Nixon fired Cox on Oct. 20, 1973. because Cox had refused to obey his order to end court attempts to get the President to obey a subpoena to give up Watergate tapes. The night before, the President had annouced a plan to make available transcripts o! the subpoenaed conversations and'lo have them verified. Cos called the compromise offer unacceptable. The firing of Cox prompted lichardson and his deputy, Wiliam D. Ruckelshaus to resign. '.t also touched off a public pro- .est.llial forced Nixon to turn he tapes over and set in mo- ion the current impeachment movement in the House. The two volumes of evidence relating to the President's dealings with the special prosecutor and the impeachment inquiry and their requests for material from White House files, were the latest in the thousands of page of documents the committee has made public. As with the material released earlier, no conclusions were offered; On Friday, however, the impeachment inquiry staff sub milted to the committee pro posed articles of impeachmenl including an allegation of "*"»"im iroper and unlawful lnlcr-i erence with the conduct of awful investigation by ... the Office of the Special Prosecutor." In addition to the Richardson affidavit, the material included the committee's transcript of a June 4, 1973. conversation during which Nixon, who was listening to tapes of his earlier meetings with John W.. Dean [II, described to his aides what he was hearing. It also included a letter'dated June 27. 1973. from Cox to While House lawyer J. Fred Buzhardl, in which the prose culor asked for the President to give his version of the evcnlb Ihen being described to the Sen ate Watergate committee bj Dean. The request was made Before Cox was aware of. the existence of the tapes. ' ' T h e least inconvenient course. to the President would seem to be for him to furnish a detailed narrative statement covering the conversations and ncidents mentioned in John Dean's testimony," Cox wrote. "The President would doubtless wish to attach copies of all relevant transcripts and other papers or memoranda," the prosecutor added. "After studying the narrative there mighi well be questions I would wish to put to the President person ally." In response to the Cox re quest, Buzhardt wrote on Julj 25, 1973, after disclosure of the existence of the taping system and after Cox had subpoenaed apes of nine conversations, that he President had announced on uly ^G that he would address publicly Ihe subjecls being considered by the Watergate committee. "Clearly the testimony of Mr Dean is among those subjects and my expectation is that the President's statement will provide you with the information you need in tills respect," wrote Buzhardl.' Richardson also disclosed in his affidavit that on May 25, 1973, the day Cox look office thai Nixon lold him Ihal his .vaiver of executive privilege as to testimony concerning Watergate "did not mean that there would be any such waiver of Police Corruption Making Headlines In U. S. By PAUL CARPENTER Associated Press Writer -.-. In the Why. Not Lounge on -,the notorious Locust Street -.istrip, a policeman negotiates a : -^payoff with owner Irvin Glotzer. ·v "I'm not a greedy son of a ·bitch," says the policeman, v-identified as Officer W. "But ''.let's face it. I got a wife and :: twd kids. If I'm going to put "my job on the line, let's make it worthwhile, all right?" ' Glotzer: "But I don't want "-you to get more than an in- · spector, now." · Officer W: "Well, let me throw a thing at you and we'll 'dicker. Let me throw $75 a ..month." Glotzer: "That's no prob- WANT TO BUY * A USED CAR? · Did You Know -^WHEELER VOLKSWAGEN ; : : New Used Sales Depr. .^ ". Stays Open '8:00 a.m. 16 6:00 p.m. Monday Through Friday .. Saturday '8:00 a.m. fo 5:00 p.m. Have You Shopped There?? 1974 FORD F-250 V4 TON PICKUP 4 Speed Transmission, heavy duty bumper, 780 miles. Still smells new. 1973 OLDSMOBILE CUTLASS SUPREME 350 V8, power steering and brakes, automatic transmission, factory air conditioning, 8-track tape deck. 18,000 actual miles. Showroom condition. 1974 VOLKSWAGEN DASHER 2 Door, AMFM radio, 4- ipesd, local one owner, 3,000 actual miles. !n mint condition. .. 1973 VOLKSWAGEN , ' · SQUAREBACK Automatic, factory air conditioning, local one owner, 13,000 miles. Double sharp! 1973 MAZDA RX2 4 dpor, automatic transmission, vinyl roof, low mileage, extra clean, 1973 FORD F-250 34 TON PICKUP Automatic transmission, power sfeering,«low mileage, Wheeler Motor Co. In*. Kvl PHONE 443-3458 KM Hlohway 71 North "O Officer W: "For- me and my partner ... apiece, J75,for me and $75 for my partner. 1 .' They eventually agree on J50 apiece. · . When this conversation took place last year, Glotzer ran a bust-out bar, w h e r e B-girla used their charms and some strategic fondling to encourage the flow of overpriced booze. Glotzer also had a couple of hidden tape recorders and an agreement to testify before the Pennsylvania Crime Commission. The Why-Not Lounge ,is. still aglitter. .Glotzer is-, still-around town. And Officer W is now supporting his wife and kids with something- other than the proceeds of Badge No. 7172. IMAGE MANGLED But the image of the Philadelphia Police Department has been mangled. With Glotzer's tapes and other results of an exhaustive investigation, the Pennsylvania Crime Commission put together -a 1,400-page report'lambasting the force as h a v i n g "systematic,; -widespread corruption -at-..all-levels." Similar developments have staggered the police departments in two other major cities, New York and Indianapolis. Police corruption also has made headlines this! year in Cleveland, where a grand jury is investigating payoffs to policemen; in Houston, where nine police are to be tried in connection wilh a narcotics scandal, and in Denver, where a grand jury is investigating charges of police participation in drug trafficking and a burglary fencing operation. In Chicago, 19 policemen, including a captain, were convicted in September, 1973 of shaking down tavern owners on the city's Near North Side. A new police superintendent, James M. Rochford, is shaking up his top commanders after forcing them to take lie detector tests to determine If they Dealth Penalties Commuted To Life Terms SEOUL, Korea CAP) -- Death penalties for dissident poet Kim are involved in corruption. "I don't see any trend in this country to insulate the police from corruption," s'ays 'sociologist Albert J. Reiss, Yale law professor and a recognized expert on police. "Corruption is sndemic in the syslem." In Philadelphia's 8,500-member police force, allegations of corruption-range from district captains pocketing regular pay- merits to protect vice operations to a restaurant chain, plagued by thefts, paying $60.000 in cash and hundreds o( free meals in one year to buy extra police service. OFFICERS IDENTIFIED The Pennsylvania Crime Commission report, released in ast initials and badge numbers 3f hundreds, of Philadelphia officers it said were on the take. "About 90 per cent of the officers, I suppose, are well aware of Ihe corruplion in the department," said former police Capt. Robert Frederick. One Philadelphia bar owner who had a variety of illegal liquor and vice operations paid $800 a month to uniformed patrolmen, detectives, lieutenants and inspectors. In Indianapolis, massage parlors paid policemen protection money so they could continue offering sex along with rubdowns. Bribes also were paid to produce police raids on the competition. thefts by Indianapolis police- In one case, 16 officers were \jUlllllllaalULl l ^ U u t b r A..I..U.JI-U ... !*»...(. -,...,.-.. _ March, listed the first names, Other allegations include men of money donated to Poice Athletic League clubs, traffic cops selling parking "franchises," a detective who was identified as one of the city's lop four or five drug dealers, and payoffs from $500 to $5,000 to fix cases already filed against suspects. At least 30 Indianapolis police officers -- in a 1,100-man de- parlmenl -- were involved in two brothels, either taking protection money, rcfererring women for jobs as prostitutes or getting free sex. UNIQUE WRINKLES New York, with its 31.000 member force, has had similar cases but on a larger scale -and with a few unique wrinkles. Helps Welfare Women With Problems Mother-To-Mother Program convicted in 1973 of extorting $20.000 per month from b l a c k gamblers. In super-congested Manhattan, extensive payoffs were made lo allow Iraffic and building code violations at construction sites. Some small cities have had their share of bad cops -- Columbus, Ga., Phoenixville, Pa., and Pueblo, Colo., for example. But it's mostly a bi gcity problem. : ,, Or maybe it's just in Ihe major cities, with their big newspapers thai resources exist lo uncover police corruption. In recent years, most corruption scandals have started in big cities with newspaper exposes. Four years ago, Serpico, an honest New York policeman frustrated after a year of trying to bring about reforms within the system, went to the No* York Times, that paper used 'his allegations as .the basis for an extensive series on police corruption. Shortly thereafter, Mayor- John V. Lindsay named the Knapp Commission to investigate. executive privilege as to documents. I was not aware until then that Ihe word 'testimony' had been used advisedly in the President's May 22 statement." The transcript of Ihc June 4, 1973, conversation porlrays Nixon's reaction lo what he heard when he listened lo tapes of his March 1973, conversations with Dean: "I mean, God, maybe ,we were talking about a cover-up -- Watergate. I really didn't. I didn't know what the hell -- I honestly didn't know." With the President through most of thai conversation was Press Secretary Ronald L. Ziegler. Nixon apparently was listening to the tapes through, earphones and commenting to liegler on what he was hearing. "The key to this thing. Ron, s (former Ally. Gen. John N.) Mitchell. Always been the key. You haven't had a cover-up. Dean did it -- shit, he didn't do it for Haldeman and Ehrlichman . . . He did it for John Mitchell. So did (Jeb Stuart) Magruder do it for Mitchell. Magrudcr lied (or Mitchell. You Chi-ha and four olhers convicted "of an anti-government Bv BOB COOPER ! LEXINGTON, Ky. CAP) -"My little children, let us not love in word, neither in tongue; but in deed and'in truth." This verse, from the first Epistle of St. John, is the spark that ignited Lexington's Mother-to-Mother program, a small band of church women who reach out to help the poor. . "That's -the whole idea of the thing," Linda Ashley, founder and chairwoman of the organization here, said. As a part of a much larger program started by the Christian Church Disciples of Christ six years ago in St. Louis, Mrs. Ashley formed the Mother-to- Mother chapter here earlier this year. In it, teams of three church women are matched with a fourth mother, who is on welfare, to help her reach whatever goals she sets for herself. 11··' s · completely denominational "and inter- interracial," Mrs. Ashley said, "and we don't think of it as helping the molhers on welfare, but rather enabling them." At first, Mrs. Ashley said, Ihe Stale Welfare Department "was a little leery about giving us names of people on welfare, lut now that they've seen how it's working oul, they're tickled to death with it." NO MONEY The mothers on. welfare receive no · money through the program. In fact, "we ask our members 'never to give money," Mrs. Ashley said. "Instead, we help them find resources where they can get what they need. "W have a $25 emergency fund in case money is ever needed, but we've never spent it," she added. "One-team-in-St. Louis did plot were commuted, to. life terms Saturday. Defense Minister Suh Jong- chul reviewed their sentences passed by a special military court set up to crack down on movements demanding a more liberal democracy in South Korea. Suh said' the commutations were made because the five had shown deep repentance for their offenses in the course of their trials. They were among 55 civil ians, including Iwo Japanese, who were arrested last April and convicted of plotting to New Cases Of Anthrax Found In Texas County overthrow the government of President Chung Hee Park through'violent'uprisings. All were^said to he. members of the clandestine National Democratic Youth-Student Federation, allegedly bent on ousting the present government to set up a Communist regime. Besides the five whose sentences were commuted Saturday, nine others have drawn death sentences, 15 others life terms and 26 others up to 20 years in prison. 'There was no indication what: the government planned to do about these sentences. . . . . . , , . ' ' - - MARLIN. Tex. AP) -- A state health official reported Saturday new cases of anthrax in eastern Falls County and said although the disease is under control weather conditions could prolong the outbreak unless vaccinations are stepped up. Texas Animal Health Commis- Texas Animla Health Commission said the warning applied to other parts of Texas and the Southwest which so far have no anthrax-deaths. "We think this outbreak Is under control but it doesn]t mean the cattlemen shouldn't be concerned," Young said Saturday. "A man should have continued concern for his livestock and vaccinate at least his cattle as soon'as possible." Young said he has received Body Of Drowned Youth Recovered OZARK, Ark. (AP) -- The body of Mark Wiederkehr, 15, of Altus was found early Saturday in the · Arkansas River about a half-mile west of Ihe Arkansas. 1 23 bridge, au'lhorities said. ' - . ; . - " = The body was found about 4;30 a.m. by searchers who w.ere working -. from' " boats. Dragging operations, called off at nightfall' Friday, had been scheduled to resume at 7:30 a.m. Wiederkehr fell from a boat Thursday and then was struck by the boat, authorities reported. The youth was the son of Leo Wiederkehr, head of the Wiederkehr wjnes of Altus,. The facilities, at Altus, a well-known tourist attraction, will be closed M o n d a y - . . . . ' . : ' . .'. Funeral services will bo at 10:30 a.m. Monday at St. Mary's Church in Allus. Memorial scholarship funds have been set up at First National Bank in Little Rock and City Nalipnal Bank in Fort Smith. TREMENDOUS VALUES The most automobile for the money is a 1972 or '73 Cadillac. A tremendous saving when you buy a two year old Cadillac with Jow mileage for less than $5000. , - - : . , . V ; See HATFIELD PONTIAC-CADILLAC For These Cars Today Australian Says He Watched U.S. Troops Killed SYDNEY, Australia (AP) -A former Australian soldier claimed Saturday-that he am five other Australians walchec New Zealand troops kill si: American soldiers in Vielnam. He made his allegation in an interview with the Sydney Sun day Telegraph. It followed an anonymou confession last week in a radi talk show In New Zealand from one of the,New Zealanders al legedly Involved in the shoot r j ing. · The New Zealand defense de partment has begun a top leve investigation into the claim which it says it believes Is gen uine. The anonymous New Zealam er said he and three others sho and killed the six American they found raping and lorlurin Vietnamese villagers. The Australian soldier sa he and the five others were o a jungle patrol when the heard the gunfire. He said that, hidden by tree they watched the New Zealanc ers and the Americans firing r each oilier. He said: "The New Zealan crs carved them up. It wa bloody murder. One of OL blokes was sick. We wei afraid the New Zealande: would turn on us." He said the Australians ha never reported the incident b tea they feared they could I 220 N. College Phone 442-2308 catisi chain wilh complicity lirge'd murder. He told the Sunday Telegrap he made the disclosure now confirm the New Zealand r port and also to clear up an suspicion that Australians we implicated. two new confirmed cases of anthrax deaths in an eastern Falls County quarantine zone nee Thursday and expects two more confirmed cases by Satur- ay night. One of the cases was in a newly infected herd, he said. Eastern B'alls county has lost more than 300 head of cattle to anthrax since the first cow fell June 23 on the Joe Falson ranch near Marl in. A quarantine was ordered for IB area when anthrax was confirmed June 28. National uardsmen are manning 42 roadblocks to prevent ranchers rom moving cattle in or out. Adjacent counties, while not un- er quarantine, are stepping up vaccinations. BANS LIMITED A flury of embargoes of cattle shipments between states las subsided. The bans are now limited to cattle from the quar- ititic zone. Dr. Young says the .danger now is that ranchers believe IB anthrax Is over. . "There are still daily losses rom anthrax," he said. "Usu- lly from infected herds not vaccinated early enough to pro- cct them." Anthrax vaccine is not effec- ve until 10-15 days from in- noculalion. Young said some ranchers in areas oulside Ihe quaranline zone who earlier consented Ic vaccinate animals now don* want to because they think the iseasc is stopped. But Young said the hot, dry weather that draws dorman mthrax spores from the groum n Falls County could do th same in much oF the Southwes right now. "In any of these endemi areas where there is drough and spores in the ground, I use the words of Dr. Fran luhler-(USDA official in Wasn- nglon), ' 'certain areas of the " ounlry are silting on a powder ' eg," Young said. J 1 Young said a continuing prob- L em is ranchers who don't trust w le vaccine. , "Initially there was a great ' eal of reluctance. They re- j membered some older vaccines ot used now and weren't fa- f miliar with this newer, which is bsolutely safe. But some of lem would rather believe omething poppa told them 45 1 o 50 years ago. , RANCHERS AWARE ' "This does not apply to areas hat have had it," Young J detJ. "They've been through ; lie fire drill and know what needs to be done." i Farmers were urged to quickly report any deaths of attle in Falls County. The quarantine cannot be lifled un- il 21 days afler the last con- \ irmed dealh. Cattle which are vaccinated J cannot be slaughtered for 42 · days. i State and federal health officers at an anlhrax control cen- cr in Marlin worked round-the- clock to find dead cattle and ship carcasses to the diagnostic laboratory at Texas AM University in College Station. Confirmation of cause of death takes one or Iwo days. depending on the freshness of the carcass. In some cases, helicopters arc used to transport the dead beeves. Cattle die from other causes than anthrax this time of year. There have been several deaths in counties adjacent to Falls County but so far none has been from anthrax. A common alternate killer is clostridia. sometimes known as "black leg," which closely resembles anthrax in its symptoms. Model Train Collection Keeps Disney Retiree 'Steamed Up' LOS ANGELES (AP) -Ward Kimball gets all steamed up over trains, to put it mildly He has more rolling slock than Union Pacific. He has three full-size Baldwir steam locomotives -- two wooo burners and a larger coal burn er -- in the backyard of hi; suburban San Gabriel norm and happily pilots them arounc 900 feet of track. "Stream has a faclnation fo me," says Kimball. 'The im pending danger of an explosioi appeals to people -- the hissinj and so forth. You can see th parts move. It's facinating." Inside his house Kimball ha hundreds of model Irains, some of Ihcm more than 100 years old. Laid end to end Ihcy would slrelch for about a quarter mile. "I added up the shelving and decided to taper off," he laughs. · Kimball, 60, Is -a former animator for Wait Disney Produc- ; lions. He had a hand in the Disney productions of "Snow While" and "Peter Pan." He retired after winning two · Oscars and Emmy because his i job "was good for a laugh for ; 39 years, then got a little mono- i tonous. I just figured I'd stay al home and goof off wilh my s railload," pay a woman's rent for a few months and, after that, she didn't want to see them again and the whole project failed," she said. Otherwise, tliere are almost no rules in the Mother-toiMoth'- er program, Mrs. Ashley said, "except the simple rules of humanity and love." The idea is to form lasting friendships, with those who are on welfare and those who are not sharing common problems and helping each other solve :hem. "We don't try- to convert anybody, but actions speak louder than words and sometimes it works out that way," Mrs. Ash.- ley said. "This is j u s t what Christians should be doing. Meetings are held e a c h month, but members don't have lo attend, she said. "In fact; the beauty of this program is that women can work.. at it whenever they have time." Three church women are selected for each loam "because people don't always relale," Mrs. Ashley said. "Usually, one of them becomes a friend to the fourth woman and the others can help in other ways." LEARNING PROCESS Besides helping those who need help, Mrs. Ashley s a i d , the program "helps us learn some of the myths about the welfare program. In fact, the lady who volunteered to get the food stamps drives a Cadillac, so I guess we'll be adding to those myths ourselves." The Lexington program, w h i c h includes 11 teams of women who are members of 16 different churches, was begun in February, "but it was just about last month that we got set up. "Our teams are just now getting comfortable with each other." Mrs. Ashley s a i d , "but we're planning to start some more teams in the fall." Wilh some financial help from churches here, the Molher-to-Mother program also re ceives some funds from the Christian Church, Mrs. Ashley said, "but we're hoping to become financially independent soon so those national funds can be used to start programs in other places." Currently, some form of the original change through in- volvemenl program Ihal was begun in 1968 is in aclion in 35 communilics in 11 slales. Mrs. Ashley said. The story in Philadelphia and Indianapolis was similar. A Philadelphia Inquirer series on police corruption led lo the Crime Commission, report, which said 400 officers were on the take. A special prosecutor was named later. In INVESTIGATION Last ..February;·- the dianap'olis Star began a series on corruption after a six-month investigation by three reporters and a photographer. Indianapolis Mayor Richard I, u g a r responded to the disclosures by forming a_ seven- member commission. He fired the police chief, the deputy chief and the city's safety director, then brought in a former Secret Service; ; ag"ent. lo clean house. Los Angeles is one of Ihe few large cities wilh a reputation for a clean police department. It operates, according to Pele Hagan, .a department spokesman -"independent of the political setup, we have a weak mayor system with 15 councilmen. You'd have to contact an awful lot of people before you could get a corrupt scheme to work." Politics has a major impact on police integrity, Albert Reiss, the Yale professor and police expert, said politicians d i s c o u r a g e exposure wrongdoing to avoid embarrassment, and -mayors change police commissioners too oflen. "The guys know lliey donl have to respond to the chief," says Reiss, referring to New York City's police force. "He sn't going to be there for long, le can't get any real control of .lie deparlment." Reiss, in an interview, advocated a national police force, he said policing as a mayor's exclusive prerogalive "is had news." he suggests that career policemen move across that's not tied to a particular department, 1 a local feudal lishment." know thai. . . "That's Ihe tragedy of tho vholc Ihing. Milchell would never step up to this. Well. I suppose, would you? No. No. former atlorney general slcp up and say you bugged'.' Shit, I wouldn't. What I would step up and say: 'Look, I haven't approved a God damn thing and so forth but I take responsibility for it bah, bah, bah,' you k n o w . . . . . " Referring lo the conversation he had wilh Dean on March 13, in which Dean licked off the names of presidential aides who might have known about Walergale, Nixon said: "Bui, you see, in fairness to Dean, when he mentioned the fact lhat (Gordon C.) Slrachan was involved, he mentioned Ihe fact . . . that (John D.) Ehrlichman might'have a problem and so forth, lie might well have drawn the conclusion, Ron, ihat .he President wanled him lo keep Ihc lid on." "Yeah," replied Ziegler "Tho rjolilical lid in Ihe Ervin Committee hearings, not the le'gal lid in terms of the trial." "Thai's the difference," said Nixon. Then the President commented: "It's not comfortable for me. because T was silling there likr^fkJumb turkey." Discuss^* the March 21, conversation in which the President has said he first learned of the cover-up and in which he, Dean .and H.R. Haldeman discussed .demands . for money from Watergate conspirator E. Howard Hunt Jr., Nixon said to Ziegler: "I should have reacted before Ihe 21sl of March, actually. Dean shouldn't have had .to come in to me with the 'cancer in the heart of the presidency* which, to his credit, he did . . . He did. Haldeman didn't lell me thai; Ehrlichman didn't tell me that." Talking lo Haig, al one point, Nixon said: "Well, as T lold you, we do enow we have on problem: It's hat damn conversalion . oC March 21st due lo Ihe fact thai, ih, for the reasons (unintelligible). But I think we can landlc that . . . . "Bob (Haldeman) can handle it. He'll gel up Ihere and say :hat -- Bob will say, 'I was there; the President said -- '·" Haldeman did testify before the Walergale cnmmilloe lhat during the March 21 meeting, Nixon had saitl that Hunt's demand for money could be met but that Nixon had also added "but, it would be wrong." A federal grand jury indicted him for perjury on the basis of that testimony. Repeatedly, Nixon expressed his concern lhat remarks on the tapes could be inlreprelecl as discussion of a cover-up. At one point, listening lo Ihe March 13, lane, he turned to Ziegler and said: ._, "There's no cover-up in this, estab-|uh -- lo Ihis point, period -- not one talk of cover-ups." Politics Has Re-Defined The Meaning Oi 'Recession' Special Officers HARTFORD, Conn. (AP) Local police are laking a new approach to potentially explosive family arguments and domestic squabbles. Under a police planning division recommendation, specially trained police officers will respond to domestic disputes. "In some cases we keep responding week after week, month after monlh to the same home," said Gregory Burns, a planning official for the local nolice dcparlmenl. "Eventually somelhing is going to explode and somebody is going lo get killed. Maybe a cop." The police learns will be called in to handle mainly nonviolent cases, lo seltlc down Ihe participants and refer Ihcm to long-term counseling if needed, a spokesman said. The spokesman said Ihe guiding philosophy of the program will be fo reduce the number of arrests stemming from domestic fights and divert Iroublcd i families away from Ihc crimi nal juslicc system to other so Icial agencies. NEW YORK (AP) -- The United States" economy may or may not have lapsed into a recession, according to figures released this past week by the Commerce Department. The department said the nation's Gross National Product, the total real outpul of goods and services, declined in the second quarter as 8.8 per cent inflation wiped out a 2 per cent gain in the GNP. It was the second slraighl quarterly decline. That marks what some economists contend is a recession. The arbiter of such things is the National Bureau of F,cono- mic Research and independent non-profit research group. T h e organization had, In fact, once defined a recession as two quarters of decline. But as recession became a political is sue, it also said other factors had to be considered. Among these other factors were unemployment, now at 5-2 per cent, and the drop in indus trial production, now holding steady at a lenth of one p e r cent below last year's level. The last time the country saw GNP drop for two straigh quarters was in the late 196f and early 1970 The Commerce Dcpartmen also reported this past woe! that housing starts were up per cent in June, following 9 per cent decline the monll efore. But new consluction still uns 26 per cent behind last California savings and loan ssociations have boosted their owest mortage wte on single- amily houses to a range of 0 3 ,i o 10 per cent, a rale coupled vith a 20 per cent down payment requirement. But some officials were predicting this past week that tho ncrease in mortgage rates might have peaked. Among Ihe factors reflected n Ihe higher rales Have been vithdrawals by sayings and oan customers seeking higher returns elsewhere or merely lulling money oul lo meet r.is- ng prices. Personal income, the government reported this ·ose more slowly in iast week . Sailing 0.7 per cent compared with a revised figure of 0.8 per cent in May. Manufacturing payrolls wera up, the government said, nut the over-all total was depressed by a sixth straight month .of decline in livestock and crop prices. Farmers' incomes were down 12 per cent. The Labor Department said at week's end that the cost ;of living went up one per cent !in June -- a pace, which if continued, would prduce an annual inflation rate of 12 per cent, -

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