Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on July 21, 1974 · Page 32
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July 21, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 32

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Sunday, July 21, 1974
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M · N«ithw*it Arkomai TIMES, Sun., July 21, ;·; FAVITTIVILLI, ARKANSAS ' f ^ ' ^ i . -- -- · ·-.-- . 1 · · · · . . . i As The Peace Efforts Continue Palestinian Time Bomb Ticks Away In The Middle East ^Associated Press Writer BEIRUT (AP) -- Palestinian Arabs are the key lo peace in th»i.MiddIe East. They could also, prolong a deadly cycle of desert war, oil blackmail and guerrilla terrorism. R e f u g e e s a n d stateless bourgeois have stopped talking ·bout driving the Israelis into the'sea. But they are not yet ready to recognize the Israel that usurped their homeland ·nd' appears certain to keep most of it. .''The only solution that would really satisfy all Palestinians is the elimination of the state of Israel,-" said one prominent guerrilla leader. "Anything short of that is a stopgap solution, and that is all we can hope lor right now." As the Palestinians' only recognizable spokesmen, some gijerrilla leaders have indicated readiness to suspend their lib- eratjon war and seek a stopgap peace at Geneva. But they have made it clear any peace that does not satisfy all their couri- tr^rnen will be a peace with terrorism. peace at Geneva. But they have Fatalists in Palestinian refugee camps are willing to accept whatever they are offered. Realists want to bargain for "half a Palestine." Hardliners promised peace to the Jews if they bow lo Arab rule. .The only tangible concession that has emerged in a quarter- ceijtury of conflict is the idea of a;.:jsecular Palestinian stale, governed by Arabs and Jews in-.ihe Biblical land of Canaan This'; would he totally unaccep table to Israel. Siba el Fahoum was educalec in'-L'ondon and teaches English literature at Arab University in Beirut. She traded in her Pale stinian identity ca»d for Leba nese citizenship, an expensive apirttnent and a good salary but has a distaste for com promise. ·*Hive-a comfortable life, bu I .-would give it all up to g home," she vows. -Nayef Hawatmeh wears snap py.isafari suits, travels to inter n a/t i o n a 1 conferences wit 'armed, bodyguards and preacl es'a strange blend of war an peace, as leader of the Popula Democratic Front guerrill group. He masterminded the Maal r»td In which some 20 Israe hoolchildren died because violenca is the only language rael understands." But he is illing to talk a different Ian* lage at Geneva because peaceful negotiations are also gitimnte means of struggle." Rich and .poor,,educated and norant, they .share :a. common earning for the entity they lost hen the slate til Israel was reated in 1948. But their Pales- ne was uch. never a nation as Covering 45.000 .square miles n the eastern shore of the lediterranean, historical Pal- stine was inhabited by a suc- ession of Semitic peoples, in- iuding Jews and Arabs, from 200 B.C. It was ruled by Rb- The Palestinians are a contin-.boldness across the Israeli bor-ithcy have to leave when they East der, subjecting Lebanon to the graduate. The same applies in uing threat to Middle [eace, a source of friction be- .ween Hie world's nuclear powers, a growing embarrassment lo Arab regimes that treat them like second-class citizens. Arab'reluctance to let the refugees establish a 'permanent new existence countries has in their scotched ;host any the British took 000 in Lebanon, 205,000 in Syria nd 160,000 in Kuwait. Less sig- ificant Palestinian populations re scattered elsewhere in the rab world and abroad. A little more than 1.5 million nans, Crusaders and Ottoman urks before ver in 1917. During the British Mandate, our-fifths of Palestine was de- ached in 1922 to form Trans- ordan. now the Hashemite ingdom of Jordan..The rest tayed under British control un- il 1948. when Zionists pro- laimcd the creation of a Jewsh homeland. The Jewish population at that ime was only 60.000. Palestin- an Arabs numbered some 700,00, but not all of them were iving in the conlesled enclave that became Israel -- an area oughly the size of New Jersey overing 7,933 square miles of Mediterranean shore. The Palestinian diaspora in he Arab world grew at the ame rate as Jewish immigra- ion to Israel. Palestinians Jaim they were forcibly evicted by the Jews, while the Tews claim that Palestinians ·an away needlessly and Ihus ;ave up their right to the land. Arab armies failed to dis lodge the Jews in 1918 and 1956 A third war in 1967 saw Israel take more Palestinian territory seizing 2,560 square miles on the west bank of the Jordan River and 150 square miles o: coastline on the Gaza Strip.' ;· This created :mqre·'.· Balestih ian refugees, embittered/'{.hpa who stayed behind; under- Is raeli occupation arid goaded thi Arabs into a fourth war. Th' October conflict of 1973 shal tered Israel's image of battle field invincibility-but f a i l e d . t return the occupied lands t Arab rule. Today there are 3 millip Palestinians and 3 million,I: raeli Jews. , ,, y fl %,..,.. chance of Palestinian assimilation. Their high birth rate has caused a population explosion. Nearly half the Palestinians lived iihder Israeli occupation-about 340.000 in Israel proper, 620,000 in Jordan's West Bank and 450,000 in Ihe Gaza Slrip. Another million live under King Hussein's rule on the east bank of the Jordan River, 240,- brunt of a bloody round of raids and reprisals that threaten the stability of Arab-Israeli cease- tires on other fronts. The number of guerrillas' is relatively s nva 11 . 12,000 \in Lebanon, 7,000 in the Syrian- based Palestine Liberation Army (PLA) and a few underground cells in Jordan and the occupied territories -- but their capacity for terrorism and their ability to scuttle a Middle East peace agreement cannot be underrated. There is a grain of truth in the grim warning voiced by Shafik el Hout of the Palestine Liberation Organization: "Every new Palestinian baby is an- Libya and Iraq. So far, the only possible solu- tio envisioned in the context of a Geneva Peace Conference is in information of a truncated Palestinian state on the West Bank and Gaza Strip. This'is based on the assumption that 'alestim'ans are efugees. living classified as in miserable hantytown camps and . subsist- ig on meager cations that cost le ;United .Nations Relief Vorks Agency nearly $50 mil ion a year. Israeli withdrawal 1967 territories is other liberation lighter. Every problem year the remains Palestinian unresolved These are the spawning round of the Fedayeen, the 'alestinian guerrilla groups hat blossomed out of the des- ir of camp life arid Arab de- eat in the 1967 war. T i g h t l y curbed by Syria to avoid Israeli reprisals, the juerrillas used Jordan and jCbanon for their main oper- ilional bases while trying to re- nind the world of Palestinian rustration with s'pectacntar airline hijacks and ether acts of nternational terrorism. FEARS OVERTHROW But King Hussein'became increasingly disenchanted with lis · unruly guests, and fearful about Palestinian designs on his throne. His Bedouin army expelled 'the guerrillas from Jordan/after a b!pody ; ;civil war 50,000 new babies are born in the refugee camps. There is a whole new generation of angry young men, and they have not forgotten Palestine. The only escape from the camps is education, and guerrilla groups offer scholarships o young commandoes who lave already proved themselves in battle. Bright students make the leap from UNRWA schools to Arab universities and technical training academies abroad. Ironically, while Palestinian refugees are among the most miserable in the world, those who have made it outside the camps are voted most likely to succeed. There are more Palestinian university graduates than any other Arab nationality. Already, ians play educated important Palcstfn- roles in in Septerriber4970 v -;W ~ ;The^guemllas''!:als.o 1: ' - h a d lo a n d . air . force -jets -m*i969-'arYd again in 1973 16 retain .ttteir ·last strongholds in a country bordering Israel. And here they proved a 1 match for Lebanon's insignificant- army and a government treading the political tightrope between Christian and ·Moslem. Since last year the guerrillas have operated with increasing commerce, education, technical f i e l d s and governments throughout the Arab world. In 'Kuwait, the high proportion of Palestinians in key state ministries has led to jokes about the "Palestinian Mafia" running that oil-rich country. · This, too, accounts for Arab .reluctance to give the Palestinians equal status with their own citizens. Jordan is the only Arab country to give them citizenship. from the still negotiable, while its 1948 borders are not. SKEPTICS' VIEW Skeptics point out that these areas are already saturatcc with a Palestinian population ol one million, and half of then- are refugees from 1948 Israe without homes, land or family ties in the West Bank and Gaza. t Even if these resident refu gees were somehow assimilated in the truncated state, there would never be enough room for the other 2 million Palestin ians living outside the occupied territories. King Hussein is reluctant give up his fertile West Bank He -contends Jordan lost -th West Bank in 1967 and must re gain sovereignty over its for mer territory before it can be turned over to anyone else. He has promised Palestinia residents a plebiscite on setf-de termination . if Jordan regain the West Bank. But he has als made it clear that he does no consider a Palestinian mill slate desirable or economical! viable. Israel is also reluctant to low a Palestinian state on Jew ish borders. The Jerusalem government has indicated would much prefer giving the; West Bank back to Jordan, here King Hussein. «ould sup- ress Palestinian guerrillas, ian turn it over ··!· an inde- endent entity governed by the alestine Liberation Or'gan- ation. The PLO-has been recognized y all Arab governments as lhe ; tie ·' legitimate" - representative the Palestinian; people. Its uerrillaileaders are in.-an ago ny of indecision about the! whole question of statehood and participation in a Geneva Peace Conference. A moderate faction headed by PLO chairman Yassir Arafat is trying to persuade Palestinians to go to Geneva.and bargain for what they can get, oh the premise that "half, a Palestine" is better than no Palestine at all. from the United Soviet Union ; and. Pressure States, the .... Arab states : like Egypt and .-. ; , Saudi Arabia might force con '· j cessions from Palestinians, Jor- ' } danians and Israelis'. - · -, | But the handful of exlrernistt J are like a crudely: made time v bomb, licking erratically;under } the negotiating table. British Buses In Milwaukee But King Hussein's of the Palestinians civil war reflects unease about their overthrow him -- a fear that is not without justification. They, can study in Egypt, but treatment s i n e e continuing ability to Edited by Bill Williams iiltaiiiniiiioiiiBiniiiiiiiiiiniiiTiiiiiiHiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiinniiwiiiiiiii 1 DISASTERS ABOARD WOODEN SAILING SHIPS RECALLED N A R R A T I V E S O F SHIPWRECKS AND DISASTERS, edited by Keith Huntress (Iowa State University Press -- $9.95) Shipwrecks have fascinated landlubbers for centuries- Keith Huntress, professor of English and distinguished professor in Sciences and Humanities at Iowa' State, presents some of the celebrated shipwrecks from 1056 to 1860. The type of narrative that appears in this collection goes b^ck to tlie work of Giovanni Ran.usio whose "Navigatoni et Viaggi was published in 1550 and Richard Hakluyt's "Principal · Navigations, Voyages and Discoveries of the English Nation" (1589-1600)." This ftook contains the stories of 124 shipwrecks including the on« on which Herman Melville based "M6by Dick". Between 1650 and 1860, wooden sailing ships plied the seas for commerce and war. The first wreck related here U . the loss of the Portuguese vessel St. James shortly after rounding the Cape of" Good Hope. It was caused by the stupidity and pride of the captain. Sixty people survived. On Boon Island off the coast of New Hampshire, the galley Nottingham ran aground. T h e survivors were forced to turn to cannibalism. In 1752. the French East Indiaman. The Prince, was abandoned after fire was discovered in ' one of the holds. Only 10 o u t ; o f almost three hundred men survived. The 10 survivors landed upon the coast of Brazil after eight days and eight nights. The Grosvenor, wrecked on the'coast of Africa in 1782, is a melancholy tale. The captain trusted too much to dead reckoning. When the ship piled up he'thought he had 300 m i 1 e s ; of : Sea room. The captain and the survivors headed toward the South Afri- cart . settlements when they could have easily have traveled a few miles north and found refuge or have built a ship from the wreck-instead they chose to hike across dangerous land and few lived to tell about it. AE least two of the women were taken by natives for wives »nd. wer« never heard from ·gain. Other shipwrecks included are those of frigates, sloops, ships-of-the-line, brigs and merchantmen. One ship, the Earl of Abcr- gavenny was sunk off the Portland Bill, England in 1805 with a ,'loss of nearly 250 men, women and children. Huntress has carefully laid eut the forgotten hazards of the sea with attendent tragedies highlighted by the stupidity of A PANORAMA OF HORROR . T H E G U L A G A R C H I - tion By A.. I.. Solzhenitsyn Harper V, Row. $12.50). By an odd quirk of history, Alexander Solzhenitsyn's monumental work on the Soviet penal system makes its English- language appearance at almost the same time as the late Nl- kita S. Khrushchev's massive second volume of memoirs. This Is the more odd because in "The Gulag Archipelago" Solzhenitsyn predicts that the first lifting of the curtain on the immense cruelties of the Stalin era would result some day in a flood tide of truth. Khrushchev feared precisely the same thing. Says Sol/henilsyn: "If the first liny droplet of truth has exploded like a psychological bomb, what will happen in our country when whole waterfalls of truth burst forth? And they will burst forth. It has to happen." He is referring to the fact that Khrushchev, as Soviet chief, permitted the writer to publish in the Soviet Union an account of life in a Stalin camp. But in enforced retirement, Khrushchev wrote in his memoirs that he and his Kremlin colleagues genuinely feared that too much relaxation might "unleash a flood" that could drown the leadership and the system 1 . STUDY OF A REAL COWBOY 1 Y By VfRGIL TALBOT HOUNDUP AT THE DOUBLE DIAMOND by Bill Surface (Houghton Mifflin -- $6.95) The American cowboy always figured l a r g e in this country's history and tradition From the games little children play to the dress styles of many Americans, the cowboy ha exerted .great influence. Bill Surface has made a stud; of the : real cowboy -- the ma: who still rides the dusty rang' seeking out cattle from brus and boulder. Surface, spent con siderable time with cowboy working large ranches. Thes were the men who spent Ion hours in the saddle roundin up strays, treating worms, branding. for screv and th countless other .jobs connecte with cattle on the range. The author captures all th sweat and grime of cow pun ching, as well as the pungen down-to-earth philosophy of th cowboy. BIOGRAPHY OF A HAM ·V.C, FIELDS, by Himself Warner -- SL95) William Claude - Dukenfield tended to write this biography ut other business, illness and inally death prevented it. His grandson, Ronald J. 1 i e 1 d s collated vaudeville cripts, notes, articles and pubic issues, movies, radio scripts and scenarios along with his etters to give his complete itory. Many legends grew up around o rotund, red-nosed comic after his death in 1946, says his grandson. The story that he ran away from home gained wide acceptance but has no. basis in fact. When he left home, it was with his parents' blessing. He perfected his juggling acl and played in most .of the vaudeville houses along the East Coast and West Coast. He also toured Europe and even South Africa. In South Africa he met young Will Rogers. He was married to Hattie Hughes on March 5, 1900 and, until the birth of their first son, W. C. ,Ir-, she joined his act as assistant to the eccentric juggler. He was a heavy drinker of course. His jokes about hatir/g children were just that -- jokes. He loved children but acted the mysanlhrope --bww has re- BM. --bww Solzhenilsyn's "Gulag" been widely excerpted, viewed and commented upon since it first appeared in Russian. The author paints sweeping panorama of the horror that was Stalin's police system and of the "archipelago" of penal institutions "scattered from the Bering Strait to the Bosporus." It is a documented history of incredible state cruelty, citing one case history after another, eerie, unworldly, unimaginably savage, and all in the name of an ideology that was supposed to base itself on the dignity of humankind. Solzhenilsyn is free now, ex- litd in Europe. The Nobel Prize winner was suddenly deprived of his Soviet citizenship and expelled this year. The reasons are not hard to understand. Three years after Stalin's death, Solzhenitsyn was released from what was to have been perpetual exile. He became world famous early in the 1960s when Khrushchev permitted publication of "One Day in the. Lite of Ivan Dehisovicfi." - WLR MEN'S SHOES Loafers Saddles Oxfords 2 Price $7.50 and up Name Brands From Regular Stock A dnuble-decker bus takes cm passengers as a Milwaukee and Suburban Transport Co. bus passes during a rush pe- riod in Milwaukee. A bank began providing free shuttle service with four imported buses this week in the down- town area. A ride on the regular 1ms cosls SO cents. (AP Wirephoto) OUTSTANDING VALUE! Outstanding features.Outstanding low price! Luxurious "La Grande" nylon shag carpet Thick, exotic, reduced 41%. NYLONEELE resists abrasive wear, soil damage. SHAGSTYLE creates exotic mood with color. SPACE-DYED YARNS offer mtdft tone colorations. TOUGH SURFACE retains color, strength after hard cleanings. Wards home furnishing designs begin at floor level. "La Grande" is one of many exotic and practical carpets Wards offers. Our selection assures you variety--in style, color, pattern, fiber quality. Come in, explore for yourself. We'll measure whatever areas you intend to carpet and deliver your goods free of charge. Installation (extra) is done by Wards professionals to give your home a custom look. JUTE BACK offers firm pile support for years. CHECK WARDS OUTSTANDING LOW PRICE NOW ONLY SQUARE YARD REGULARLY 11.99 We lay quality at your feet. |f^f^ Evelyn Hills Open Thurs. and Fri. 'til 9 p.m.

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