Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on July 21, 1974 · Page 25
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July 21, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 25

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According To Evidence From Judiciary Committee Northwert Arkansa« TIMES, Sun., July 21, 1974 '· 13B rAYITTIVILLI. ARKANSA* on Says Nixon Threatened To Fire Cox In July '73 WASHINGTON CAP) - For-' ·'mer Atty. Gen. Elliot Rlchard- f son has told. the House 'Judiciary Committee that as early as July 3, 1973, President Nixon was threatening lo fire '-'special Watergate prosecutor '·Archibald Cox. 'f- An affidavit in which Richardson described the presidential displeasure with Cox was 'included in evidence made pub- : 'lic Saturday by the House ' Judiciary Committee from its impeachment inquiry. ' In his affidavit, dated June 17, 1974, Richardson said Gen. Alexander M. Haig Jr., .White House staff'chief, called him on ,'Jiily 3, 1973, to ask about a ' news · story that Cox was in- 'vesligating expenditures at the Western White House in San -Clemente, Calif. Richardson said Cox. told him: the report was erroneous.. "Gen. Haig said that he was not sure the President.was not going lo move on this to discharge Mr. Cox, and that it could not be a matter of Cox's charter to investigate the President of the United States." On July 23 Richardson said lie got a call from Haig who "told me that the 'boss' was very 'uptight' about Cox General Haig told me that 'if we have to have a confrontation we will have it.' General Haig said that the President wanted 'a. tight line drawn with no further mistakes,'. and that 'if .Cox does not agree, sve will get rid of Cox.'.". . Finally, said R-i.oliardson, in late September or" early October, 1973, he met with Nixon to discuss the investigation a n d resignation of Vice President Ipiro T. Agnew. '"After we had finished our discussion about Mr. Agnew, and as we were walking toward the door, the President said, in substance, 'Now that we have disposed of that matter, we can go ahead and get rid of Cox.' " Nixon fired Cox on Oct. 20. 1973, because Cox had refused to obey his order to end courl attempts to get the President to obey a subpoena to give up Watergate tapes. The night before, the Presi dent had annouccd a plan t make available transcripts o: the subpoenaed conversations and to have them verified. Cox called the compromise offer unacceptable. The firing of Cox prbmptec llchardson and his deputy, Wiliam D. Ruckelshaus to resign. t also touched off a public pro- cst,that forced Nixon to turn ,he tapes over and set in mo- .ion the current impeachment movement in the House. The two volumes of evidence relating to the President's dealings with the special prosecutor and the impeachment inquiry and their requests for material from White House files, were the latest in the thousands ol page of documents the committee has made public. As with the material releaset earlier, no conclusions were of fered; ' - '.' . On Friday, however, the im peachment inquiry staff sub milted to the committee pro posed articles of impeachmen iroper and unlawful Inler- erence with the conduct ol awful investigation by ... the Office of the Special Prose- icluding an allegation of "im In addition to the Richardson affidavit, the material included the committee's transcript of a June 4, 1973, conversation during which Nixon, who was listening to tapes of his earlier meetings with John W. Dean III, described to his aides what lie was hearing. It also included a lelter'dalcd June 27, 1973, from Cox to White House lawyer J. Fred Buzhardt, in which the prose culor asked for the President to give his version of the events then being described to the Sen ate Watergate committee ' Dean. The request was made before Cox was aware of the existence of the tapes. ' T h e least inconvenient course, to Ihc President would seem lo be for him to furnish a detailed narrative statement covering Ihe conversations and ncidcnts mentioned in John Dean's testimony," Cox wrote. "The President would doubtless wish to attach copies of al relevant transcripls and oilier papers or memoranda," the prosecutor added. "After study ing the narrative there mighi well be questions I -would wis! to put lo the President person ally." ' In response to the Cox re quesl. Buzhardt wrote on Juls 25, 1973, after disclosure of th exislence of the taping system nd after Cox had subpoenaed apes of nine conversations, that he President had announced on uly ''§ that he would address publicly the subjects being considered by the Watergate com- millee. "Clearly the Icslimony of Mr Dean is among Ihose subjects and my cxpeclalion is that the President's statement will provide you with the information you need in this respect," wrote Buzhardt. Richardson also disclosed in his affidavit that on May 25, 1973; the day Cox look office that Nixon told him lhat his waiver of executive privilege as lo testimony concerning Water- gale "did not mean that there would be any such waiver of execulivc privilege as lo documents. I was not aware unlil Ihen lhat Ihe word 'Icslimony' iiad been used advisedly in tho President's May 22 statement." Tho Iranscripl of Ihe June 4, 1973, conversation porlrays Nixon's reaction lo what he heard when he lislened lo lapes of his March 1973. conversalions wilh Dean: "I mean, God, maybe ,we were talking about a cover-up -- Watergale. I really didn'l. I didn't know what the hell -- I honestly didn't know." With Ihe Presidenl through most of thai conversation was Press Secretary Ronald L. Ziegler. Nixon apparenlly was listening to the lapes through earphones and commenting lo Ziegler on what he was hear- Police Corruption Making Headlines In U, S. By PAUL CARPENTER Associated Press Writer ·'r- In the Why Not Lounge on ..the notorious Locusl Street ,:slrip, a policeman negotiates a upayoff with owner Irvin GIol- zer. ·' "I'm not a greedy son of a · bitch," says Ihe policeman, -'·- identified as Officer W. "But '".let's face it. I got a wife and : two kids. If I'm going to put '·my job on Ihe line, let's make it worthwhile, all right?" '·' Glolzer: "But I don'l want "you to get more than an in' spector, now." ·'·' Officer W: "Well, let me throw a thing at you and we'll ' dicker. Let me throw $75 a ..month." Glolzer: "Thai's no prob- WANT TO BUY * A USED CAR? ; Did You K n o w . . . . ^WHEELER VOLKSWAGEN / : New Used Salei Depf. .' Sfayi Open r 8:00 a.m. 16 6:00 p.m. Monday Through Friday .. Saturday. '8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Have You Shopped There?? 1974 FORD F-250 3/4 TON PICKUP . 4 Speed Transmission, heavy duly bumper, 780 miles. Still smell* new. 1973 OLDSMQBILE CUTLASS SUPREME 350 V8, power steering and brakes, automatic transmission, factory air conditioning, 8-track tape deck. T 8,000 actual miles. Showroom condition. 1974 VOLKSWAGEN DASHER 2 Door, AMFM radio, 4- speed, local one owner, 3,000 actual miles. In mint condition. . 1973 VOLKSWAGEN - SQUAREBACK Automatic, factory air conditioning, local one owner, 13,000 miles. Double sharpl 1973 MAZDA RX2 4 d.oor, automatic transmission, vinyl roof, low mileage, extra clean. 1973 FORD F-250 3/4 TON PICKUP Automatic transmission, power steering,*low mileage. Wheeler Motor Co, PHONE 443-3458 Kfl Hlahwoy 71 North BD Officer W: "For me and my partner... . apiece, $75.for me and $75 for. my partner." They eventually agree on $50 apiece. When this conversation took place last year, Glotzcr ran a bust-out bar, w h e r e B-girls used their charms and some strategic fondling to encourage the flow of overpriced booze. , Glotzer also had a couple of hidden lape recorders and an agreement lo lestify before the Pennsylvania Crime Commission. . - · ' · ' . . , ' , The Why -Not Lounge .is. still a glitter. --Glotzer is-, still .-around lown. And Officer W i s now supporting his wife and kids with something-other than-the proceeds of Badge No. 7172. IMAGE MANGLED But the image of the Philadelphia Police Department has been mangled. With Glotzer's tapes and other results of an exhaustive investigation, the Pennsylvania Crime Commission put- together-a 1,400-page report lambasting the force as li a v i h g "systematic, : -widespread corruplion .-ats.all- levels." - ·' . . . . . - - - - . Similar developments have staggered the police departments in two other major cities New York and Indianapolis. Police corruption also has made headlines this year, in Cleveland, where a grand jury is investigating payoffs to policemen; in Houston, where nine police are to be tried in connection with a narcotics scandal, and in Denver, where a grand jury is investigating charges of police participation in drug trafficking and a burglary fencing operation. In Chicago, 19 policemen,, including a caplain, were con- vicled in September, 1973 ol snaking down lavern owners on the city's Near North Side. A new police superintendent, James M. Rochford, is shaking up his top commanders after forcing them to take lie detec- are involved in corruption. "I don't see any trend in this country to insulate the police from corruption," says 'sociologist Albert J. Reiss, Yale law professor and a recognized expert on police. "Corruption is endemic in the syslem." In Philadelphia's 8,500-mem- her police force, allegations of corruption'range from district captains pocketing regular pay- merits to protect vice operations to a restaurant chain, plagued by thefts, paying $60,000 - in cash and hundreds of free meals in one year to buy extra police service. OFFICERS IDENTIFIED The Pennsylvania Crime Commission report, released in last initials and badge numbers thefls by Indianapolis police- In one case, 16 officers were - · ' ' "- convicted in 1973 of extortinf L U l U l l l K UlClil VV/ mi\'- '"- "«- "»-*-- u« · · * · · · -- --. , r · /iu lor tests to determine if they March, listed the first names, Other ficers it said w "About ! Robert Frederick. quor and inspectors. competition. if Philadelphia of- were on Ihe lake, er cent of Ihe offi- se, are well aware lion in the deparl- ormer police Capl, rick, elphia bar owner iriely of illegal lie operations paid lo uniformed pa- ctives, lieutenants olis, massage par- licemen protection ey could conlinue along with rubs also were paid to ce raids on the egations include lien of money donated lo Poice Alhletic League clubs, Iraf- 'ic cops selling parking "franchises," a deteclive who was identified as one of the city's lop four or five drug dealers, and payoffs from $500 to $5,000 lo fix cases already filed against suspects. Al least 30 Indianapolis police officers -- in a 1,100-man department -- : were involved in iwo brolhels, either taking pro- leclion money, -refercrring women for jobs as prostitutes or gelling free sex. UNIQUE WRINKLES New York, wilh ils 31,000 member force, has had similar cases but on a larger scale -and with a few unique wrinkles, Helps Welfare Women With Problems Dealth Penalties Commuted To Life Terms SEOUL, Korea (AP) -- Death penalties for dissident poet ICim Chi-ha and four others convicted of an anti-government Mother Jo-Mother Program By BOB COOPER LEXINGTON, Ky. (AP) -"My little children,' let us not love in word, neither in tongue; but in deed and'in truth." , This verse, from the first Epistle of St. John, is the spark that ignited Lexington's Mother-to-Mother program, a small band of church women who reach out lo help the poor. ..."That's-the whole idea of the thing," Linda Ashley, founder and chairwoman of the organization here, said. As a part of a much larger program'started by the Christian Church Disciples of Christ six years ago in St. Louis, Mrs. Ashley formed the Mother-to- Mother chapter here earlier this year. In it, teams of three church women are matched with a fourth mother, who is on welfare, lo help her reach whatever goals she sets for herself. " I t ' s completely interdenominational" .and interracial, v Mrs. Ashley said, "and we don'l Ihink of it as helping Ihe mothers on welfare, but rather enabling them'." At first, Mrs. Ashley said, the Slate Welfare Department 'was a little leery about giving us names of people on welfare, pay a woman's rent for a few $20,000 per 'month'from b 1 a c gamblers. In super-congestec danhaltan. exlensive payoffs vere made lo allow Iraftic anc wilding code violations al con slruction siles. Some small cilics have had their share of bad cops -- Co lumbus Ga,, Phocnixville, Pa. and Pueblo, Colo., for example But il's rnoslly a hi gcily prob lem. , ,, Or maybe il's just in Ihe ma jor cities, with Iheir big news papers lhal resources exist lo uncover police corruplion. In reccnl years, mosl corruption scandals have slarlcd in big cilies with newspaper exposes. Four years ago, Serpico, an honest New York policeman frustrated after a year of trying lo bring about reforms within Ihe system, wenl lo the New York Times, lhat paper used his allegations as. .the basis for an extensive series on police corruplion. Shorlly Ihere- afler, Mayor John V. Lindsay named Ihe Knapp Commission 16 investigate. " The story in Philadelphia and Indianapolis was but now lhat they've seen how it's working oul, they're tickled to death with it." NO MONEY The mothers on, welfare receive no : money through the program, In fact, "we ask our members 'ne'v'er to give money," -Mrs. Ashley said. "Instead, we help them find resources where they can get what they need. "W have a $25 emergency fund in case money is ever needed, but 'we've never spent it," she added. "One team in-St; Louis did plot were commuted.' to. life ierms Saturday. Defense Minister Sun Jor/g- chul reviewed their sentences, passed by a special military court set up to crack down on movements demanding a more New Cases 01 Anthrax Found In Texas County liberal democracy in Soulh Korea. Sub said' Ihe commulations were made because the five had shown deep repentance for Iheir offenses in fhe course of their trials. · They were among- 55 civilians, including two Japanese, who were arrested last April and convicted of plotting to overthrow the government of Presidenl Chung Hee Park Ihrough' violent uprisings. All were :said to be members of the clandestine National Democratic Youth-Sludent Federation,'allegedly, bent'on ousting the present government to set up a Communist regime. Besides the five whose sen tences were commuted Saturday, nine others have drawn death sentences, 15 others life lerms and 26 others up to 20 years in prison, There was no indication what; the government planned, to do about these sentences. up. under urday. Body Of Drowned Youlh Recovered OZARK. Ark. (AP) The body of Mark Wiederkelir, 15, of Allus was found early Salur- day in Ihe · Arkansas River aboui a half-mile west of the Arkansas, 23 bridge, authoritie's said. - - - - ;:' '·- The body was found about 4;30 a.nr. by searchers who were working - from' boats. Dragging operations, called ofl at nightfall' Friday, had been scheduled to resume at 7:30 a.m. Wiederkehr fell from a boat Thursday and then was struck by the boat, authorities reporl- e d . - · · · ' · · · The youth was the son of Leo Wiederkehr, head of the Wiederkehr wines of Alius.. .The facilities at Allus, a well-known tourist attraction, will be closed Monday- . . . . Funeral services will be at 10:30 a.m. Monday at St. Mary's Church in Allus. Memorial scholarship funds have been set. UD at First National Bank in Little Rock and It Cily National Smilh. Bank in Fort TREMENDOUS VALUES The most automobile for the money is a 1972 or '73 Cadillac. A tremendous saving when you buy a two year old Cadillac with low mijeage' for less than $5000. : ,',%^:.. : , : See HATFIELD PONTIAC-CADILLAC For These Cars Today 220 N. College Phone 442-2308 blokes afraid charged murder. IN, Tex. (AP) -- A ealth of f ici al reporte d f new cases of anthrax 2rn Fall s County and tough the disease is un- ;rol weather conditions -olong the outbreak un- ccinations are stepped mimal Health Comriiis- L n i in la. Health ComTnis- 3 the warning applied to irts of Texas nnd the st which so far have no ·deaths. think this oulbreak Is control but it doesn't he cattlemen shouldn't erned," Young said Sat"A man should have :d concern for his live- id vaccinate at least his s soon as possible." i, said he has received ilralian Says Watched U.S. ops Killed JEY, Australia (AP) -Tier Aiislralian soldier 1 Saturday · lhat he am her Australians walchet Jealand troops kill six an soldiers in Vietnam. lade his allegation in an 3W wilh Ihe Sydney Sun- legraph. allowed an anonymou ion last week in a radi ow In New Zealand from the'.; New Zealanders a involved in the shoo New Zealand defense de ;nt has begun a top leve gallon into the claim it 1 savs it believes Is gci anonymous New Zealam 1 he and three others sho illed the six American ound raping and torlurin mese villagers. Australian soldier saic 3 the five others were o igle patrol when the the gunfire. aid that, hidden by tree /atched the New Zealam d the Americans firing )thor. said: "The New Zealant irvcd them UD. It wi murder. One of 01 was sick. We wer the New Zcalande turn on us." said the Australians ha reported the incident b they feared they could b ed' with complicity jr. old the Sunday Telegrap ade the disclosure now m the New Zealand r and also lo clear up a ion lhat Australians we :aled. o new confirmed cases of thrax deaths 'in an eastern alls Counly quaranlifie zone nee Thursday and expecls two ore confirmed cases by Satur- y nighl. One of the cases was a newly infected herd, he id. Eastern Falls counly has losl ore than 300 head of cattle to nthrax since the firsl cow fell une 23 on the Joe Falson anch near Marlin. A quaranline was ordered for e area when anlhrax was onfirmed June 28. National uardsmcn are manning 42 oadblocks to prevent ranchers rom moving cattle in or out. djacent counties, while not un- er quarantine, are stepping up iccinalions . BANS LIMITED A flurv of embargoes ol attle shipments belween stales ias subsided. The bans are now mited to cattle from the quar- ntine zone. Dr. Young says the danger ow -is that ranchers believe le anthrax is over. "There are slill daily losses rom anthrax," he said. "Usu- lly from infected herds not accinated early enough to pro- ect them." Anthrax vaccine is not effec- ve until 10-15 days from inoculation. Young said some ranchers in areas outside the quarantine zone who earlier consented I vaccinale animals now don' want to because Ihey think th disease is stopped. But Young said the hot, dr weather that draws dorman mthrax spores from the grounc n Falls County could do th same in much of the Southwes right now. "In any of these endemi areas where there is drough and spores in the ground, I use the words of Dr. Fran luhler (USDA ollicial in wasn- glon), 'certain areas of the mc ountry are silling on a powder lo eg," Young said. H" Young said a continuing prob- Ln em is ranchers who don't trust wr le vaccine. . "Initially there was a great ° eal of reluctance. They re- £, ·nembered some older vaccines ^ ot used now and weren'l fa- , tniliar wilh this newer, which is bsolutely safe. But some of hem would ralher believe omelhing poppa told them 45 n( o 50 years ago. ,1. RANCHERS AWARE TM "This does not apply to areas ° u hat have had it," Young ; aded. "They've been through i° he fire drill and know what '" needs to be done." , h Farmers were urged to quickly report any deaths of caltle in Falls County. The ·* quarantine cannot be lifted un- . il 21 days after Ihe last con- V rmed dealh. ' Cattle which are vaccinated * cannot be slaughlered for 42 days. i| Slate and federal heallh offi- " cers at an anlhrax conlrol cen- *· er in Marlin worked round-lhe- clock to find dead cattle and ' ·ship carcasses lo the diagnostic , laboratory at Texas AM Uni- ' versity in College Station. J; Confirmation ot cause of J; death lakes one or two days, L depending on Ihe freshness ot ' the carcass. In some cases, c helicopters are used to trans- ' port the dead beeves. ' r Cattle die from other causes ' than anlhrax this time of year. There have been several deaths c in counlies adjacenl to Falls ] County but so far none has c been from anthrax. ' A common alternate killer is ' clostridia, sometimes known as "black leg," which closely resembles anthrax in its symptoms. I Model Train Collection Keeps Disney Retiree 'Steamed Up' ! LOS ANGELES (AP) -Ward Kimball gels all steamed up over trains, lo pul it mildly He has more rolling stock lhan Union Pacific. He has three full-size Baldwir sleam locomotives -- two wooc burners and a larger coal burn er -- in the backyard of hi. suburban San Gabriel home and happily pilots them aroum 800 feet of track. "Stream has a facination fo me," says Kimball. 'The im pending danger of an explosiot appeals lo people -- the hissin and so forth. Yon can see th parls move. Il's facinating." Inside his house Kimball ha lundreds of model Irains, some of them more lhan 100 years old. Laid end to end they would stretch for about a quarter mile. "I added up the shelving and decided to taper off," he laughs. Kimball, 60, Is-a former animator for Walt Disney Prociuc: lions. He had a hand in Ihe Dis. ney productions ot "Snow White" and "Peter Pan." r He retired after winning two - Oscars and Emmy because his i job "was good for a laugh (or ? 39 years, then got a lillle mono- i (ohous. I just figured I'd stay al home and goof off wilh my s railload." months and, after thai, she didn't want to see them again and the whole project failed," she said. Otherwise, there are almost no rules in Ihe-Mqther-tojyiolhi er program, Mrs. Ashley said, "excepl Ihe simple rules of humanity and love," The idea is lo form lasting friendships, wilh Ihose who are on welfare and those who are not sharing common problems and helping each other solve them. "We don't try to convert anybody, but actions speak louder lhan words and somelimes it works out lhat way," Mrs. Ash. ley said. "This is j u s t what Christians should be doing. Meetings are held e a c h month, but members .don'l have to attend, she said % "In fact; tiic beauty of th'is 'program is women can work.. at it whenever they have time." Three church women are se- u u ^ ul .. u lected for each team "because foVork"" ' people don't always relate," Mrs. Ashley said. "Usually, one of Ihem becomes a friend lo the fourth woman and the others can help in other ways." LEARNING PROCESS Besides helping'. those who need help, Mrs.-Ashley s a i d , the program "helps us learn of the myths about the welfare program. In fact, the lady who volunteered to get the food stamps drives a Cadillac, so I guess we'll be adding to those mylhs ourselves." The Lexington program, w h i c h includes 11 teams of women who are members of 16 different churches, was begun in February, "but it was just about last month that we got set up. "Our teams are Jusl now getting comfortable with each other," Mrs. Ashley s a i d , "but we're planning to start some more teams in the fall." With some financial help from churches here, the Mother-lo-Molher program also r ceives some funds from the Christian Church, Mrs. Ashley aid, "but we're hoping lo become financially independent soon so those national funds can be used to start programs in olhcr places." Currenlly. some form of Ihe original change through involvement program lhat was begun in 1968 is in action in 35 communities in 11 slates, Mrs. Ashley said. similar. A Philadelphia Inquirer series on .. i - - _ 1-,] *,, + K n police corruption led Crime Commission. to Ihe reporl, .i'hich said 400 officers were on the take. A special proseculor was named later, INVESTIGATION Last...-February,-- the Indianapolis Star began a series on corruption after a six-month investigation by three reporters and a photographer. Indianapolis Mayor Richard L u g a r responded to the disclosures by forming a seyen- member commission. He fired the police chief, Ihc deputy chief and the city's safety cli. rector, then brought in a former Secret Service:?agent. to clean house. Los Angeles is one of the few large cities with a reputation ;or a clean police department. It operates, according to Pete [lagan, -a department spokesman; ^''independent of the political 'setup, we have a weak mayor system with 15 councilmen. You'd have to contacl an awful lot of people before you could get a corrupt scheme a work." . Polilics lias a major impact on police inlegrily, Albert Reiss, the Yale professor and police expert, said politicians d i s c o u r a g e exposure wrongdoing to avoid embarrassment, and -mayors change police commissioners too often ; "The guys know they don't have lo respond to the chief," says Reiss, referring lo New York City's police force. "He isn't going to be there for long. He can't get any real control of Ihe department." Reiss, in an interview, advo cated a national police force, he said policing as a mayor's exclusive prerogative "is bad news." he suggests that career policemen move across that's not tied lo a particular department,' a local feudal eslab- lishmenl." ng. "The key to this Ihing, Ron, s (former Ally. Gen. John N.) dilchell. Always been Ihe key. You haven't had a cover-up. )ean did il -- shit, he didn'l do for Haldeman and Ehrlichman .. . He did it for John Mitchell. So did {Job Stuart) Hagruder do it for Mitchell. Magruder iied for Mitchell. You know lhal. . . "That's the tragedy of the whole Ihing. Mitchell would never step up to Ibis. Well, I suppose, would you? No. No. Former attorney general slop up and say you bugged? Shil, I wouldn't. Whal I would step up and say: 'Look, I h a v e n ' t ' a p proved a God damn Ihing and so forth bul I lake responsi- bilily for it bah, bah, bah. 1 you know " ' Referring to Ihe conversation he had wilh Dean on March 13, in which Dean licked off the names of presidential aides who mighl have known about Walergale, Nixon said: "But, you see. in fairness lo Dean, when he menlioned Ihe facl lhat (Gordon C.) Slrachan was involved, he menlioned Ihe fact . . . thai (John D.) Ehrlichman might Have a problem and so forth, he might well have- drawn the conclusion, Ron, that Ihe President wanted him lo keep the lid on." "Yeah," replied Ziegler "The political lid in the Ervin Committee hearings, not Ihe legal lid in terms of Ihe trial." "Thai's the difference," said Nixon. Then Ihe President commented: "Il's not comfortable for me, because I was sitting there likr^Ajurnb turkey." DiscussTS* the March 21, conversation in which the Presi- denl has said he first learned of the cover-up and in which he, Dean .and H.R. Haldeman discussed .demands for money from Watergale conspirator E. Howard Hunl Jr., Nixon said lo Ziegler: "I should have reacted before Ihe 21st of March, actually. Dean shouldn't have had .lo come in lo me wilh Ihe 'cancer in the heart of the presidency' which, lo his crcdil, he did . . . He did. Haldeman didn't tell me lhal: Ehrlichman didn'l tell me lhat."' Talking lo Haig, at one point,Nixon said: "Well, as I (old you. we do know we have on problem: It's lhat damn conversation · of March 2Ist due lo Ihe facl lhat, uh, for the reasons (unintelligible). But I think we can handle lhat . . . . "Bob (Haldeman) can handla 1. He'll get up Ihere and say ,hat -- Bob will say. 'I was Ihere; Ihe Presidenl said -- '·" Haldeman did Icslify before Ihe Walergate commitlee lhat during the March 21 meeting, Nixon had said lhat Hunt's demand for money could be mel sut lhal Nixon had also added "bul, it would be wrong." A federal grand jury indicted him for perjury on Ihe basis of thai lestimony. Repealcdly, Nixon expressed his concern lhat remarks on the lapes could be intrepreted as discussion of a cover-up. At one poinl. listening lo tha March 13, tape, he turned lo Ziegler and said: "There's no cover-up in Ihis, uh -- lo this poinl. period -- not lone lalk of cover-ups." · of Politics Has Re-Defined The Meaning Of'Recession' Special Officers HARTFORD, Conn. (AP) -Local police are laking a new approach to potentially explosive family argumenls and domeslic squabbles. Under a police planning division recommcndalion, specially trained police officers will re spond lo domestic disputes. "In some cases we keep responding week after week, month after month to the same home." said Gregory Burns, a planning official for the local police department. "Eventually something is going to explode and somebody is going to get killed. Maybe a cop." The police teams will be called in to handle mainly nonviolent cases, to settle down the participants and refer them to long-lerm counseling if needed, a spokesman said. The spokesman said the guiding philosophy of the program will be lo reduce Ihe number of arresls slcmming from domes- lie fighls and divert troubled families away from the crimi- NEW YORK (AP) -- The Uniled Stales economy may or may not have lapsed inlo a recession, according lo figures released this past week by the Commerce Departmenl. The department said the nation's Gross National Product, the tola! real output of goods and services, declined in the second quarter as 8.8 per cent inflation wiped oul a 2 per cent gain in the GNP. It was the second straight quarterly decline. That marks what some economists conlend is a recession. The arbiler of such things is Ihe National Bureau of Economic Research and independent non-profit research group. T h e organization had, in fact, once defined a recession as two quarters of decline. But as recession became a political is sue, it also said other factors had to be considered. Among those other factors were unemployment now at 5-2 per cent, and the drop in Indus trial production, now holding steady at a tenlh of one p e r cent below last year's level. The last lime the country suv GNP drop for two slraigh quarters was in the late 196 and early 1970 The Commerce Departmen also reported this past wecl that housing slarls were up nal juslice syslem to olher so- per cent in June, following r clnl agencies, 9 per cent decline the monll efore. Bul new constuction still uns 26 per cent, behind last California savings and loan ssociations have boosted their owcst mortage rate on single- amily houses to a range of 9^1 o 10 per cent, a rate coupled vith a 20 per cent down payment requirement. Bul some officials were pre- rlicling Ihis past week lhat lha ncrcase in mortgage rales might have peaked. Among Ihe factors reflected n the higher rates have been vithdrawals by savings and oan customers seeking higher returns elsewhere or merely julling money oul lo meet ris- "ng prices. Personal income, the government reported this past week rose more slowly in June, gaming 0.7 per cent compared with a revised figure of 0.8 per cent in May. Manufacturing payrolls were up, the government said, hut the over-all total was depressed by a sixth straight month -of decline in livestock and crop prices. Farmers' incomes were down 12 per cent. The Labor Department said at week's end that the cost -.of living went up one per cent 'in June -- a pace, which it continued, woultl prduce an annual inflation rate of 12 per cent, ;

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