Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on July 21, 1974 · Page 18
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July 21, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 18

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Sunday, July 21, 1974
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Arkansas TIMIS, Sun., July 21, \9?4 FAVITTIVILLI, ARKANSAS As The Peace Efforts Continue r ; Palestinian Time Bomb Ticks Away /n I/ie JMidd/e East ^Associated Press Wrilcr .BEIRUT (AP) -- Palestinian Arabs are the key to peace in th«tMiddle East. They could also, prolong a deadly cycle of desert war, oil blackmail and guerrilla lerrorism. R e f u g e e s a n d stateless bourgeois have stopped talking about · driving the Israelis into the'sea. But they are not yet re?dy (a recognize the Israel that' usurped their homeland ·nd' appears certain to keep moat of it. -VThe only solution that would really satisfy all Palestinians is the elimination of the state of Israel," said one prominent guerrilla leader. "Anything short of that is a stopgap solution, and that is all we can hope tor right now." ,As the Palestinians' only recognizable spokesmen, some guerrilla leaders have indicated readiness to suspend their lib- erajijon war and seek a stopgap Pface at Geneva. But they have majle* it clear any peace that does not satisfy all their coun- tryifien will be a peace with terrorism. peace at Geneva. But they have Fatalists in Palestinian refugee oamps are willing to accept whatever they are offered. Realists want to bargain for "half a Palestine." Hardliners promised peace to the Jews if they bow to Arab rule. The only tangible concession that has emerged in a quarler- cejitury of conflict is the idea of a^jsecular .Palestinian slate, governed by Arabs and Jews in-(he Biblical land of Canaan This; would be totally unaccep table to Israel. : Siba el Fahoum was educate! in'-London and teaches English literature at Arab University in Beirut. She traded in her Pale stjinian identity card for Leba nese citizenship, an expensive apartment and a good salary but ;has a - distaste for com promise. '"I.live a comfortable life, bu 11.would give it all up to home," she vows. 'Nayef Hawatmeh wears snap py,;safari suits, travels to inter n.?'t i o n'a 1 conferences . wit arjfted. bodyguards and preach es'a strange blend of war an peace, as leader of the Popula Deniocratic · Front guerrill group. He masterminded the Maalo raid in which «ome 20 Israe choolchlldrcn died because violence is the only language srael understands." But he is illing to talk a different Ian- uagc at Geneva because peaceful negotiations are also tgitimate means of struggle." Rich and .poor, educated and Jnorant. they .share La. common earning for the entity: they lost rtien the state of Israel was reated in 1948. But their Pales- ne was never a nalion as uch. · : Covering 45,000 .square miles n the eastern shore of the Mediterranean, historical Pal- stine was inhabited by a succession of Semitic peoples, in- luding Jews and Arabs, from 200 B.C. It was ruled by R6 ·nans, Crusaders and Ottoman The Palestinians are a continuing threat to Middle East peace, a source of friction be- ,ween the world's nuclear powers, a growing embarrassment io Arab regimes that treat [hcnri like second-class citizens. Arab'reluclance to.let the refugees establish " a..' permanent n e w . existence in their countries has scotched host any urks before the British vcr in 1917. During the British Mandate, our-fiflhs of Palestine was de- ached in 1922 to form Trans- 'ordan. now the Hashemite ·fingdom of Jordan.. The rest tayed under British control un- il '1948, when Zionists proclaimed the creation of a Jewsh homeland. The Jewish population at that ime was only 60,000. Palestin- an Arabs numbered some 700,100, but not all of them were iving in the contested enclave that became Israel -- an area roughly the size of New Jersey covering 7,993 square miles of Mediterranean shore. chance of Palestinian assimilation. Their high birth rate has caused a population explosion. Nearly half the Palestinians lived under Israeli occupation-about 340,000 in Israel proper, 620,000 in Jordan's West Bank and 450,000 in the Gaza Strip. Another million live under King Hussein's rule on the east bank of the Jordan River, 240,- Thc Palestinian diaspora in he Arab world grew at the lams rate as Jewish immigra- ion to Israel. Palestinians claim they were forcibly evicted by the Jews, while the Jews claim that Palestinians ·an away needlessly and thus ;ave up their right to the land. Arab armies failed to dislodge the Jews in 1948 and 1956. A third war in i967 saw'Israel take more Palestinian territory, seizing 2,560 square miles on Lhc west bank of the Jordan Hivcr and 150 square miles of coastline on the Gaza Strip. This created ;more..-Palestinian refugees,' embittered ~t,hb who stayed behind; under·'· 'Is raeli occupation and goaded tin Arabs into a fourth war. The October conflict of 1973 shat tered Israel's image of battle field invincibility but failed . to return the occupied lands t Arab rule. Today there are 3 million P a l e - ' - - - - - - raeli took 000 in Lebanon, 200,000 in Syria nd 160,000 in Kuwait. Less sig- Kicant Palestinian populations re scattered elsewhere in the irab world and abroad. A little more than 1.5 million 'alestinians . are classified efu'gees, living in miserable hantytown camps and-subsist on meager rations that cosl he : United Nations Relief Vorks Agency nearly $50 mil ion a year. These are the spawning ground of the Fedayeen, the 'alestinian guerrilla groups hat blossomed out of the des air of camp life and Arab de eat in the 1967 war. T i g h t l y curbed by Syria to estinians and 3 nullipn y ls ' Jews. .. ,, tfKt'- '"· ^ '. avoid Israeli reprisals, the guerrillas used Jordan ant ^ebanon for their main oper alional bases while trying to re mind the world of Palestinian frustration with speclacula airline hijacks'and other acts o nternational terrorism/ FEARS OVERTHROW But King Hussein became in ireasingly disenchanted wit lis.- unruly guests, a n d - f e a r f u about Palestinian designs o his throne. His Bedouin arm expelled the guerrillas from Jordan.: after a bloqdyl'civil wa in September'i?70,,.,it" ·TherguerriilasJ'r.aisiD; had battleLieba'ti esc.atanks ''· and ai force..' jet|" in v' : again i . 1973 to retain \th'plr -last strong holds in a country bordering I rael. And here they proved match for Lebanon's ii significant- army, and a govern ment treading the politic* tightrope between Christian an Mo.slern. Since last year the guerrilla haye operated with mcreas ing wldness across the Israeli borer, subjecting Lebanon lo the r u n t of a bloody round of raids nrl reprisals that Ihreaten the ability of Arab-Israeli cease- res on other fronts. The number of guerrillas is jlalively s m a 11 12,0(10 \in ebanon, 7,000 in the Syrian- ascd Palestine Liberation rmy (PI.A) and a few under- round cells in Jordan and the ccupied territories -- but their apacity for terrorism and icir ability to scuttle a Middle ast peace agreement cannot c underrated. There is a grain of truth in he grim warning voiced by hafik el Hout of the Palestine iberalion Organization: "Evry new Palestinian baby is anther liberation fighter." Every year the Paleslinian roblem remains unresolved D,000 new babies are born in he refugee camps. There is a vhole new generation of angry oung men, and they have not orgotten Palestine. The only escape from the amps is education, and guerilla groups offer scholarships o young commandoes who lave already proved them- elvos in battle. Bright students make the leap from UNRWA chools to Arab universities and echnical training academies abroad. Ironically, while Palestinian refugees are among the most miserable in the world, those vho have made it outside tlie camps are voted most likely to succeed. There are more Palestinian university graduates than any other Arab nationality. Already, educated Palcstin- ans play important roles in commerce,, education, technical ' i e l d s and governments throughout the Arab world. In Kuwait, the high proportion of Palestinians in key state ministries has led to jokes about the "Palestinian Mafia" running that oil-rich country. This, too, accounts for Arab reluctance to give the Palestinians equal status with their own citizens. Jordan is the only Arab country .to give them citizenship. But King Hussein's treatment of the Palestinians s i n c e "civil war reflects continuing unease about their ability to overthrow him -- a fear that is not without justification. They can study in Egypt, but they have to leave when they graduate. The same applies in Libya and Iraq. So far. the only possible solu- tio envisioned in the context of a Geneva Peace Conference is in information of a truncated Palestinian, state, on: the West Bank and Gaza Strip.: This is based on the assumption that Israeli withdrawal from the 1967 territories is still negotiable, while its 1948 borders are not. SKEPTICS' VIEW Skeptics point out that these areas are already saturated with a Palestinian population of one million, and half of them are refugees from 1948 Israel without homes, land or family ties in the West Bank and Gaza. Even if these resident refugees were somehow assimilated in the truncated state, there would never be enough room for the other 2 million Paleslin ians living outside the occupiet territories. King Hussein is reluctant to give up his fertile West Bank He 'contends Jordan lost the West Bank in 1967 and must re gain sovereignty over its for mer territory before it can be .urned over to anyone else. He has promised Palestinian residents a plebiscite on self-de termination if Jordan regain: the West Bank. But h d h a s alsi made it clear that he.does no consider a Palestinian mini state desirable or economically viable. Israel is also reluctant to al low a Palestinian state on Jew ish borders. The Jerusalem government has indicated would much prefer giving the ? West Bank back to Jordan,' vhere King Hussein- sould sup ress Palestinian .guerrillas, nan turn it over'to an inde- endent entity 'governed by the 'alestine Liberation Organ- nation. . - ; The PLO'has been recognized y all Arab governments as the ; ole ·'· legitimate- -representative f the Palestinian; people. Its guerrilla-leaders are in an ago- ny of indecision about the whole question of statehood and participation in a Geneva Peace Conference. A moderate faction headed by PLO chairman Yassir Arafat is trying to persuade Palestinians to go to Geneva and bargain for what they can get, oh the premise that "half, a Palestine" is better than no Palestine at all. ·· Pressure from the united States the Soviet- Unierj rand- Arab states like Egypt and Saudi Arabia might, force concessions from Palestinians, Jordanians and Israelis; · ·; ' .-' '·- But the handful of-exlremisti are like a crudely: made time bomb, ticking erratically;undef the negotiating.table. British Buses In Milwaukee A double-decker bus takes on passengers as a Milwaukee aiiit Suburban Transport Co. bus passes during a rush pe- riod In Milwaukee. A bunk began providing free shuttle service with four ianpnrtfid buses (his week in the down- town area. A ride on the regular bus costs 50 cents. (AP Wirephoto) iiHiiiniii niinnin iiuiiniini ni^^ ' Edited by Bill WUIiami iiiMMMiiniiiimnmMiiiriiiiiM^ DISASTERS ABOARD WOODEN SAILING SHIPS RECALLED N A R R A T I V E S O F SHIPWRECKS AND DISASTERS, edited by Keith Huntress (Iowa State University Press -- $9.95) Shipwrecks have fascinated landlubbers for centuries. Keith Huntress, professor of English and distinguished professor in Sciences and Humanities at Iowa' State, presents some of the.celebrated shipwrecks from 1586 to 1860. The type of narrative that appears in this collection goes back to the work of Giovanni Ranusio whose "Navigatoni et Viaggi was published in 1550 and Richard Hakluyt's "Princi- pal-Navigations, Voyages and Discoveries of the English Nation" (1589-1600)." This book contains the stories Ofi24 shipwrecks including the ont on which Herman Melville based "Me/by Dick". Between 1650 and I860, wooden sailing ships plied the seas for commerce and war. The first wreck related here Ij the loss of (he Portuguese vessel St. James shortly after rounding the Cape of Good Hope. It was caused by the stupidity and pride of the captain Sixty people survived. On Boon Island off the coast of New Hampshire, the galley Nottingham ran aground. T h e survivors were forced to turn to cannibalism. 7n 1752. the French East In diaman, The Prince, was abandoned after fire was discoverer in ".one of the holds. Only Ii out of almost three hundree men survived. The 10 survivor: landed upon the coast of Brazi after eight days and eigh nights. The Grosvenor, wrecked 01 the 'coast of Africa in 1782, i; a Jjielancholy tale. The captaii trusted too much to dead rec koning. When the ship piled up he.thought he had 300 m i l e s of : Sea room. The captain and the survivor headed toward the South Afri cart settlements when the coul.d have easily have (ravele a few miles north and foun refuge or have built a ship fro., the wreck-instead they chose I hike across dangerous land an few lived to tell about it. At least two of the womo wera taken by natives for wive »nd. wer« never heard from agai.n. Other shipwrecks include are those of frigates, sloops ships-of-the-Hne, brigs and mer chanlmen. One ship, the Earl of Ahci gavenny was sunk off the For land Bill, England in 1805 wiO a ,'loss of nearly 250 men women and children. Huntress has carefully lai ent the forgotten hazards of th sea with attemlent tragcdic highlighted by the stupidity o Bin. --bww A PANORAMA OF HORROR T H E G U L A G A R C H I ion By A.. I.. Solzhenltsyn larper % Row. $12,50). By an odd quirk of history, Alexander Solzhenilsyn's monu- dental work on the Soviet penal system makes its English- anguage appearance at almost he same lime as the late Ni- ;ita S. Khrushchev's massive econd volume of memoirs. This is the more odd because n "The Gulag Archipelago" iolzhenilsyn predicls that the irst lifting of the curtain on the mmcnse cruelties of the Stalin era would result some day in a "lood tide of truth. Khrushchev eared precisely the same thing. Says Solzhenitsyn: "If the irst tiny droplet of truth has exploded like a psychologica bomb, what will happen in our country when whole waterfalls of truth burst forth? And they will burst forth. It has to hap He is referring to the fac that Khrushchev, as Sovie chief, permitted the wriler t publish in the Soviet Union a account of life in a Slali camp. But in enforced retire ment, Khrushchev wrote in hi memoirs that he and his Krem lin colleagues genuinely feare that too much relaxation migh "unleash a flood" that coulc drown the leadership and In system-. Solzhenilsyn's "Gulag" ha been widely excerpted, re viewed and commented upo since it first appeared in Rus sian. The author paints sweeping panorama of the hor ror that was Stalin's police sys fern and of the "archipelago* of penal institutions "scatlcre from Ihe Bering Strait to th Bosporus." It is a documented history _ incredible state cruelty, citin one case history after another eerie, unworldly, unimaginabl savage, and all in the name o an ideology that was suppose to base itself on the dignity o humankind. Solzhenitsyn is free now, ex litd in Europe. The Nobel Priz winner was suddenly deprive of his Soviet citizenship and ex polled this year. The reason are not hard to understand. Three years after Stalin death, Solzhenitsyn was ri leased from what was lo ha'v been perpetual exile. He be came world f a m o u s early in th IMOs when Khrushchev p'e milled publication of "One Da in the Life of Ivan Dehisovich. WLR STUDY OF A REAL COWBOY 1 CSV VfHGJL TALBOT OUNDUP AT THE DOUBLE iIAMOND by Bill Surface Houghton M i f f l l n -- $6.95) The American cowboy ' Iways figured l a r g e in this ountry's history and tradition n rom the games little children lay to the dress styles of many .mericans,- the cowboy ixerted .great influence. Bill Surface has made a studj f the 'real cowboy -- the man vho still rides the dusty range eeking out cattle from brush nd fooufder. Surface, spent con iderable time with cowboy vorking large ranches. Thes vere the men who spent long lours in the saddle roundin up strays, treating for screw vorms, branding, and th ountless other .jobs connecte with cattle on the range. The author captures all th iweat and grime of cow pun ching, as. well as the pungeni [own-to-earth philosophy of th cowboy. BIOGRAPHY OF A HAM V.C, FIELDS, by Himself Warner -- $1.95) William: Claude Dukenfield nlended to write this biography iut other business, illness and inally death prevented it. His grandson, Ronald J. ^ i e l d s collated vaudeville cripts, notes, articles and pub- ie issues, movies, radio scripts and scenarios along with his etters to give his complete story. Many legends grew up around .0 rotund, red-nosed comic after us death in 1946, says his grandson. The story that he ran away from home gained wide acceptance but has no basis in fact. When he left home, it was with his parents' blessing. He perfected his juggling act and played in most of the vaudeville houses along the East Coast and West Coast. He also toured Europe and even South Africa. In South Africa he met young Will Rogers. He was married to Haltie Hughes on March S, 1900 and, until the birth of their first son, W. C. ,!r-, she joined his act as assistant to the eccentric juggler. He was a heavy drinker of course. His jokes about haling children were just that -- jokes. He loved children but acted the mysanthrope --bww MEN'S SHOES Loafers Saddles Oxfords $7.50 and up Name Brands From Regular Stock Men's Shoes -- Trumpeter Shop OUTSTANDING VALUE! Outstanding features.Outstanding low prke! Luxurious "La Grande" nylon shag carpet Thick, exotic, reduced 41%. NYLONMLE resists abrasive ·wear, soil damage. SHAGSTYLE creates exotic mood with color. SPACE-DYED YARNS offer nwSfc tone coloration*. TOUGHSURFACE retains color, strength after hard cleanings. Wards home furnishing designs begin at floor level. 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