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After Long Senatorial Career Northwest Arkanwt TIMES, Sun., July.21, 1974 FAVITTtVILLI, ARKANSAS Proxmire Remains A Man Of Mystery By FREDERICK L. BERNS . -TIMES Washington Bureau WASHINGTON -- Aftor 17 years in the Senate, William Proxmire (D-Wis.) remains a mystery. He is a man of causes ;and'crusades, ideas and ideals, fans but few friends, complexity 'arid,' perhaps, contradiction. Â·-Â· He is an introvert who has been- called, a; publicity seeker, a liberal who nevertheless defends President Nixon and opposes busing;-a- fiscal conser- Â· vatlve though, he once pushed for a '$20 million federal 'tax 'Â·Â· refund for American Motors. ; Now a new challenge and 'more controversy confronts the ;Â· Wisconsin Democrat. In . Jan- ;-uary he will become chairman Â·of the Senate Banking Committee, enabling him to wielc : enormous power over the business community. ' . What, is controversial aboui Proxmire's promotion, is - tha Prox'mire, to .banking interests is what Proxmire is to the Pen tagpn and ,big business -- a thorn. / 'Â· - ' For 'years he has Eough against high' interest rates an misleading bank advertising nd for truth in lending and he Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. Such efforts hardly ngratiated -him with the mire wouldn't replace him at anking establishment. , 'Two years ago, influential lankers -worked hard for the re-election of,Sen. John Spark- nan (D-Ala.) so he would renvain ,-; chairman* of ,. the anking committee and Prox ,he post. This year the bankers contributed thousands of dollars to he 'futile reelection 'campaign of Sen. William Fulbright CD- Ark.), realizing that'-his defeal would elevate Sparkman to the chairmanship -,'of ! the. Foreign Relations Committee and leave ihe top. banking, 'position to Proxmire. '. ".,' ' 'MANY Â·.ATTEMPTS There have been similiar attempts in the past, to contain Proxmire in his variety of cru sades. And a wide variety i has : been,' ranging from hit efforts to block federal finari cing of the Supersonic Trans port (SST) to his battle to cu billions of dollars from th defense budget. Not surprisingly, he.has made nemies. When, in 1971, he led the nquiry into the $2 billion cost Â·errun in Lockheed Aircraft's ontract to build a C-5A plane or the Air Force, his life was hreatened. An employe in Lockheed's plant in Marielte, _-a. informed Proxmire in a eUer that he would kill him. Proxmire promptly informed he police and, 'to be safe, changed his route home at night. Proxm ire's crusades are directed as much at individuals as they are at conditions. He fought vigorously againsl the appointment of Roy L. Ash as director of the Office of Management and Budget. Ash Proxmire argued, was at "the leart of the defense contracting industry" ever since he became resident of Litton Industries. . "I don't feel that.I'm a crusa der," Proxmire said, as he sa in a charcoal gray suit and black tie talking to a reporte in his office last week. "I jus feel that I have a big respon sibility." As a member of the Senat Appropriations, Joint Economic nd Banking committees, Proxmire's responsibilities are Indeed massive. As vice chairman of the Economic Commit- ee, he has closely analyzed the iresidents' economic reports, . n e v l t a b l y proposing huge reductions. COUNTER' BUDGET In February he issued 'counter budget" that was $9 jillion less than that proposed by President Nixon. The Proxmire budget shaved $7.1 billion rom the defense budget, jillion from foreign aid, billion from the highway allotment and $500 million each irom the amounts designatec [or space and public works. "We're not too strong," Prox mire remarked during recent half hour interview "We're just too fat." Much of the fat, he contends remains in the military, whic! has been his primary targe over the years." He pore, through complicated data in th General Accounting Office closely consulting staff mem bers and service secretarie about the operation of the ar med forces. He has demanded a $6 billion .nnual cutback in the US over- eas intelligence operation, and eductions in the number of .merican troops in Europe. Often his efforts pay off. A month after he disclosed a GAO eport that taxpayers pay $22 million annually to enlistees vho act as servants to generals, the Pentagon ordered a 28 per cent cut in the number of such aides. It is the personal side of William Proxmire that baffles some of his closest observers. He spent about $6,000 for a 'acelift and a hair transplant He jogs five miles to and frorr iis office nearly every day, anc in 1972 s p e n t weeks jogging through Wisconsin to meet his constituents. He was divorced from his first wife and is separated frorr his second. He has been de scribed as a loner who "detests social friends" and avoids par ties or informal chats. EXPLAINS ACTIONS In explaining why he spen $2,758 for a hair transplant, he admitted that he still would be emi-bald, "but a little more 1 emi and a little less baldy." Critics have labeled him a 'publicity hound," pointing out hat he turns out reams of press releases and often cites his own speeches on the Senate floor. Columnist Jack Anderson has named him o n e / o f the-six lop 'Masters of the Mimeograph -he Self Publicity Mills." He has the voting record of i liberal, though on a 'few ssues he has defied the label. A frequent critic of Nixon Administration policies, he never- .heless declines to comment on .he President's Watergate prob- .ems. He has scolded the news media for certain stories on the impeachment inquiry, calling t h e m "demagoguery" anc "McCarthyisrri at its worst." Nixon, he remarked at one point, has been "tried, sentcn ced and executed by rumor and allegation." Proxmire is the only northen Â·Democratic senator to favor re strictions on school busing from the outset. He claims that busing would not improve educational quality. B u t there is little question bout the consistency of his ,beral voting record. On a cale of zero to 100. the conser-. Â·alive Americans for Constitu- ional Action rate him only 25 or his Senate votes the past 17 years. In contrast is the 85 rating for his Senate votes last year by the liberal Americans "or Democratic Action. REASON TO FEAR Proxmire's record gives big jusiness good reason to fear his move to the chairmanship of the Banking Committee. According to the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, he aligned with business interests on only one of nine major votes last year, The Consumer Federation o! America reported that he supported 11 of 13 consumer bills. Proxmire may well be the Senate's hardest worker. He cast his 2,000 consecutive rol call vote in 1972, the secom highest in Senate history. Hi! perfect attendance record 01 the Senate floor last year fa exceeded the performance o most senators, who show up fo an average of 87 per c e n t o the votes. He also has a higher than verage record of opposition to 'resident Nixon's programs. He pposed the President with his Â·otes 59 per cent of the time n 1973, compared to the aver- i g e Democratic senator's ecord of 51 per cent opposition o Nixon. His party loyalty is exempli- ied by the fact that he voted with democrats 86 per cent of he time last year, compared to the average of 69 per cent by his democratic colleagues. Proxmire says he "looks forward" to the chairmanship or the Banking Committee, feeling that he "could do something with the position. "We need our committee to say 'no' to the banking industry," he commented. "We've got to stop the high inflationary expectations of businesses, who demand money so they can build now." But bankers should avoid preconceptions a b o u t William Proxmire. a man who once voted againsl a consumer credit bill that he himself, proposed. After 17 years, he remains a man who can't be pegged. Annual UA Music Camp Set For July 22 Through Aug. 2 The 18th annual Senior High School Music Camp at the University of Arkansas July 22 through Aug. 2 will feature two University of Arkansas faculty members and.four visiting artists as 'teachers,' -according to Prof. Robert .Bright, c a m p [director. Â·Eldo'ri Â· .Janzen, director of [bands, ;and Richard.,Brothers, [professor of- choral music, both iof the TO; and; Dr: Jay'Decker j of Wichita-State tUriiyersity 'at iWichita, Kan.,"will comprise the ROBERT JAGER faculty for the first week of .newest addition to frc- "Sftert-.Jagcp;'''co'iiducior of Mi %/ , Tennessee . - Tech . University Bands, Gene Kennedy, director of choral activities at Texas Tech University, and Dr. A. Clyde Roller, conductor of the symphony orchestra at the University .of Houston, will teach the second week. At the end of each week, the bands, orchestras and choruses will be presented in a public concert. The concerts are free. Jager, who has been a guesl artist on the Fayettevitle ckm us, is the newest addition to tie music camp. A native o Binghamton, N.Y., he was edu cated at Wheaton College am the: University of Michigan Jager was honored Jn 1973 by Visits Tinian Navy Fireman Kenneth R. lartwell, grandson of Mr. and Mrs. M. Pettey of Gentry, recently visited Tinian, while ser- ing aboard the dock landing ship USS Monticello in the Pac- fic. He participated .in an exercise which included clearing and painting buildings to help mprove life on the island which is part of the Mariannas. As The Space Program Cools Off Ghost Gantrys Dominate Cape Canaveral :eing named "Tennessee Composer of the Year" by the Tennessee Chapter of the Music Teacher's National Association. He was staff arranger at the Armed Forces School of Music for four years while serving in the United States Navy. He has taught at Old Dominion University in Norfolk, Va., and is presently director of composition and theory at Tennessee Tech in Cpokeville, as well as director of bands. CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP) -- A decade ago as many as 200 jets a year thundered away from Cape Canaveral. The average now is two a month. The nation's space cen- ;er has become almost a ghost town of gantries. Of 42 launching pads (built at the Cape, only five are still operable, mainly for unmanned weather and communications satellites. The others have been dismantled, s o l d for junk, or are rusting in the Florida sun. Pad 14, from w h i c h John Glenn became the first Ameri can to orbit the earth in 1962. sways in the gusts of briny winds sweeping in from the .earby Atlantic. Rattlesnakes sun on the concrete apron. Small white-tailed deer feed in aearby clearings. On Pad 19, rom which Gemini astronauts were launched on 10 missions :o perfect the techniques of docking and space walking, the dull orange gantry lies on the ground. Its once sterile white flight room: houses' a colony of wild rabbits. Alligators live in a nearby pond.- Pad 5, ,-lhe jumping off spol for Alan B. Shepard on Ihe firsl U.S. man-in-space flight in 1961 has been preserved as part of a space museum. PAD RENOVATED Apollo astronauts deportee or the moon in 1969 from Pads 39A and 39B. One is in moth- Mils. The other is being renovated for a joint tl.S.-Russian manned flight in J u 1 y, 1975. After that venture, the space port here will remain almost dormant until 1979, when the iirst space shuttle flights are to be made. The , shutdown has continue; gradually since June -20, 1969 w h e n the United State: achieved. its .principal space goal of the 60's -- landing mai on the moon. . . Once, 14 different militar; missiles were tested here si multaneously. Now there i only one, the submarine Rope Jams XENIA, Ohio (AP) -- City of- icials received a number of alls asking about an important death when the f l a g at City Tall fluttered at half-staff on a Â·ecent morning. The officials explained there vas no dealh involved. The rape used lo raise Ihe flag jammed on a pulley when the standard was half-way up the iiole. .aunched Poseidon. For even the limited, routine satellite launchings, 11,000 people are still employed at tha Kennedy Space Center -- down, from a high of 26,000 five years ago. 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