Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on July 21, 1974 · Page 4
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July 21, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 4

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Sunday, July 21, 1974
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Page 4
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Editorial-Opinion Pag* Tht FuHc Irrferwt I* Th« First Concern Of This Nnwpsper 4A · SUNDAY, JULY 21, T974 Ot7 Men Oppose War Aid To Israelis Last Call For The Old P.O. City Board members and the Housing Authority are due to sit down tomorrow evening with Mr, Sterling Cockrill Jr., of the Little Rock office of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), to kick around for probably the very last time the question of what can and. what cannot be done about the Old Post Office building in the downtown Fayetteville square. Representatives of a citizens' group, seeking to save the building from demolition will also be there. The group's leadership is hoping for as large an indication of public interest and concern as possible. The meeting is scheduled for the Central Fire Station in order to accommodate the potential for large attendance. : : ' . . . The fate of the Old Post Office building is not, of course, a new issue. It is part and parcel of Fayetteville's Downtown Urban Renewal project, an effort that is more j than a decade old. City Hall, and the Housing f. Authority's present director document the pfact that the public has had'countless ; chances in the long course of hammering I out a plan for re-development of the down; town commercial area, to voice approval or · ': opposition. They add that the record shows , a minimum of either. J So plans HAVE been made. And, they are ."; in the'process of implementation. There is i .reason to doubt in fact, that contracts in' ; voiving the downtown Renewal project can i ;be readily undone. HUD is not enthusiastic, understandably, about scrapping arrangements already agreed upon. The city -while never bounteously euphoric over the results of its planning ventures -- nevertheless is happier to have-something in the mill, being processed, than to enter once again what has for so long seemed an al-' most fruitless debate. In spite of any technical authority resting with perusal of plans, which include razing of the Old Post Office, there remains the undeniably significant force of newly aroused, public opinion to, be considered. It is in ^response to this pressure, as registered in substantial numbers of petition signatures', that the city is looking one last time at what may be done in-the interests of citizen sentiment on behalf of a historic past. There ARE technical reasons why the task of saving the Old'Post Office may 'not be "possible. HUD will make that case clear,: we imagine. What will be'harder to make clear for many, however, is why it is possible to demolish the sturdy old structure and make the land available to the city, yet -- at a considsrable.savings in expense -- the land with the building still on it cannot be released, except at a prohibitively high cost to the city. Conclusions should be both interesting and instructive for those attending the session tomorrow evening. We trust those who have firmly held opinions on the values of public involvement in matters of civic interest will avail themselves of the opportunity to attend. From The Readers Viewpoint ; Fantastic! tlo the Editor: j What a fantastic situation! It i doesn't take much perspicuity ito see that a much needed City 'Hall in the center of the Square, 'surrounded by a modern mall, ! would be a great advantage- Interior decorators have been ·quick to see that good antiques ; and good modern furniture pro, vide a contrast that enhances .both the antique . and the modern. Such, wl' believe, would be the fulfillment in this plan .for the Square. BUT because several yean ago, before Fayetteville recognized the value of'the old post office building, and before- it: became conscious of the' "plastic" nature "of the replacement design, it signed an agreement for HUD to demolish the building and replace it with a sunken garden. It must now carry out thte agreement or pay 'HUD $232,000 (as I remember the amount) to retain the building! Billy Graham's Answer , I am a lady cab driver, work- ·ing ten hours a day, six days a 'week. My 18 year old daughter has a 13-month old illegitimate child whose father seems to be i a pretty nice -guy, but he has 'a problem. He's very lazy. Even the District Attorney ! couldn't seem to-, get him to support the child. Now my : daughter wants to go to work, but I can't stay home. What's /the answer? O.B- ' It would be a great mistake for you to quit work and bail your daughter out by becoming the acting mother. Don't do it, 'unless it becomes absolutely nt- cessar.v. Your daughter needs to grasp the reality of the situation. A key concept she must acquire ii that of responsibility. While fathers are equally responsible for the care of a child, should they refuse to give it, then ths mother must be prepared to be self-aufficient. One social worker in my area suggests a redefinition of t h e .word love as follows. Love is when you help other people not 'to have to have you. That's appropriate in your daughter's case. If she loves you and t h e baby she"ll find a solution. Some Day Care Centers accept children as young as six months. If none like that are available in your city, consult newspaper ads placed by women offering child care in their "approved" home. If necessary, have your daughter advertise for such foster care. Then she can get employment and become self-sufficient, Could there be two kinds of Ch ristl an begf nnin gs ? Tho se like Paul have an "all of a sudden thing" -- a great dramatic experience. O t h e r apostles teemed to grow up in the knowledge of Christ. I'm asking if ' it is necessary to be zapped? C.A. Do you know t h a t my dictionary (a fairly recent o n e ) doesn't even have that last word of yours? I know what It means, however. The history of conversions show that no two are exactly alike- Oh, the kerygma, or the gospel message should remain constant. Christ is ever to be presented as Savior and Master. And personal faith is to be the required act of the penitent. But the accompanying circumstances, the emotions displayed, the praying friends involved, the Scripture used by the Holy Spirit, all these vary from person to person. A great Biblical illustration of this is chapter 16 of Acts. You have both the dramatic conversion experience of the Philippian jailor, and also the quiet, ra- the passive "Christian beginning" of the businesswoman Lydia. The emotions are not always dependable barometers of the acts of the will. On the other hand, nothing I've said should minimize the joy and power o[ the new found faith. They'll Do It Every Time WtWSte A BAHQA6E? ICUTMYTH By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON -- Locked in the secret White House files is evidence that four American oil companies supported Arab interests against their own country during the Arab-Israeli war last October. At the height of the fighting, the chairmen of Exxon, Mobil, Texaco and Standard of California signed a joint memo to President Nixon and rushed it by special messenger to the White House. 1 The memo, which was delivered on October 12, clearly was timed to influence t h e President against sending military aid to Israel. The oilmen correctly warned that Saudi Arabia and Kuwait would retaliate by cutting back oil production. Added to the memo prophetically: "There is a high probability that a single action taken by one producer government against the United States would have, a snowballing effect that would produce a major petroleum supply crisis." The President didn't read the memo, however, until after he had already ordered a massive, emergency armslift to Israel on October 14. i The Arab oil producers struck back, one .after another, with an embargo against the United States. The greatest of the oil sheikhs, Saudi Arabia's King Faisal, halted oil shipment to the United' States on October 20. The Saudi embargo was administered and enforced by the The Washington Merry-Go-Round The purpose of Urban Renewal and the expenditure of .a great sum of Federal money is to make the downtown section again viable. But, because . of.a legalism, the buiidiirg must be:demolished, at considerable expense, and the design must be instituted, at considerable expense. Leaving Fayetteville with a non-viable downtown section and a sunken garden to be maintained for future time at considerable expense. It doesn't make any sense, but there it is. The agreement cannot be revoked except by those higher up, and those on the scene, for whatever reason, . hold out no consideration for it, without the specified payment by Fayetteville. It is, I should think, symbolic of the present state of affairs. While everything else stands in abeyance, in a time of critical heed, the time and attention of our foremost legal figures and political stalwarts are occupied w i t h lergalisms that are seemingly endless, yet which anyone with any kind of perspicuity could fathom in the beginning. Those who are in positions of power are bound by arbitrary Authority and alienated from the rational purposes of .government - and the changing needs of a. changing society. Maybe the whole sorry setup will bring into focus the alienation from the values that make for a livable environment afgainst the blind forces that destroy It. Ella Potee Winslow Why Not... To the Editor: My wife and I have in ths past traveled all over this country. We find every state offers more than one spot worthy of mention, that we have a feeling of pride in the history, tradition and natural beauty of. Surely the citizens of your historic old city do not want to tear down an old landmark such as the Old Post Office building in your City Square, surrounded as it is by equally old buildings that have dignity and stately lines. Why not remodel this old building -- use it as an art museum, at least show paintings of old homes and buildings before they, in turn, are torn down. Fayetteville is rich in history. I have a lot of information about the old Butterfield Stage Coach route that passed v through this area. J. W. Anderson West Fork What Others Say SNAPPING AT THE GNAT New federal energy chief John Sawhill was on the Today Show and Barbara Walters noticed he wasn't wearing necktie. Sawhill explained the significance of the way he was dressed. The Energy Office, he said, is encouraging people to run their thermostats up to 78 this summer. Then, to be more comfortable, people should take off their neckties and loosen their shirts. It made some sense. It would have made a lot more had John Sawhill.-- sans necktie -- not been sitting there wearing a coat. -Goldsboro (N.C.) News-Argpu four American companies which together form the Arabian A m e r i c a n Oil Company (Aramco). When, King Faisal banned oil deliveries to U.S. military forces, the four companies scrupulously carried out the king's order; The supreme irony is that the four Aramco partners had amassed hundreds of millions of dollars in tax credits and oil subsidies from the American taxpayers for the specific pur^ pose of preserving Saudi oil for U.S- defense. Yet Exxon, Mobil, Texaco and Standard of California, putting profits ahead of patriotism, didn't hesitate to withhold Saudi oil form the U.S. armed forced at the snap of King Faisal's finger. The four oil giants were put en notice by the king at a secret meeting in Geneva on May 23, 1973. He had come to Switzerland for a rest after visiting Cairo when President Anwar Sadat had put pressure on him to use oil as a weapon against the West. The king told representatives of the four American companies, according to an intelligence report, that he didn't intend to let Saudi Arabia's traditional friendship with the United States isolate his country from the Arab world. Unless the Aramco partners bought pressure on the U.S. go. vernment to change its Middle East policy, he warned, they Wall Street could lose their Saudi oil con- cisions. He called upon them to impress this message upon both the U.S. public and U.S. leaders. . "Time is running out, the king declared,.emphasizing repeatedly that "you could lose everything." . . '.- . With this warning still echoing in their ears, the oilmen became panicky when the United States showed favoritism for Israel during the October war. The four chairmen -- J-K- Jamleson, Exxon; Rawleigh Warner Jr., Mobil; M.F, Granville, Texaco; and Otto N. Miller, Standard of California -drafted a blunt "Memorandum to the President" on October 12. They turned it over to Ara- mco's politically potent counsel, John J. McCloy, who sent it by messenger to the White House staff chief, Gen. Alexander Haig. In a covering letter, McCloy explained: "The chief Aramco shareholders with large concessionary interests in Saudi Arabia wish to have this brief memorandum summarizing the critical' situation in regard to the flow of oil supplies from the Middle East placed in the President's hands as soon as possible." The memo warned that "the Arab negotiators in Vienna have stated that their -governments were angered by the speech of Ambassador (John) .Scati before the United Nations State Of Affairs By CLAYTON FR1TCHEY WASHINGTON -- After the Palestinian leaders complete their current mission to Moscow, it may be possible to get a better idea of what the practical chances for peace are in the Middle East. The mission may also provide some light on just how far the Russians are prepared to go in contributing to the detente with the United States. D e s p i t e t h e Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) show of 'oeing willing to participate constructively in *hc coming peace negotiations at Geneva, it is unlikely that it will make any significant concessions unless the Russians turn on the heat, and even then some of the more extreme PLO factions may refuse to cooperate. At this juncture, Washington has little or no influence wr.h any of the leaders who . dominate the 20 - m e m b e r National Council of the PLO, including the' chairman, Yassir Arafat, who is also the chief of Al Fatah, the largest and least intransigent element in the council. The Russians, however, do have continuing contacts with the PLO, and undoubtedly have considerable influence wi'.h Arafat. The question is, will they use it forcefully enough? A prominent American industrialist, Dr. Armand Hammer; who has often guessed rigit about Soviet policy, seems to think so, for he predicts the Kremlin is ready for rapprochement with Israel. .Dr. Hammer, as. chairman of the Occidental Petroleum Co., has long done business with tha . Russian government on a large 1 seals snc! knows tha Kremlin well. ISRAEL'S NEW ..premier, Yitzhak Rabin, contradicting h i s information minister, Aharon Yariv, has now ruted out any possibility of neRu tiations between his . country and the PLO. Yariv earlier had - indicated his government might be willing to deal with the g u e r r i l l a s if they woul-J acknowledge the existence of Israel as a Jewish state and terminate further hostile actions. · · The immediate PLO response to Yariv was, in any cass;, hardly encouraging, but should come as no surprise to those who paid close heed to the recent Cairo meeting of the Palestine National Council, which, in the cltuch, has nearly always been dominated by the terrorist elements of the PLO. The formal declaration produced at the Cairo ,gatheri,3 has been widely construed as "moderate," but that is not what emerges when the 10-point manifesto is put under the microscope. The preamble ^tself is a . tip-off to the real mood of the guerrillas, for it begins with a reference to the Palestinian National Charter of 1963. As the very well - informed Near East Report points out, the reference is important "for the charter denies the legitimacy of Jewish nationality Bible Verse "Jesus said unto him, Thou ·halt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. This is the first and great commandment." M a t t h e w 22:37,38 This is a powerful thought! Only through Him can it become a living reality. All the great questions of life are answered at this point. and statehood, and the right of most Israelis to remain in the Middle East. It also sanctifies as legal and moral the Palestinian war against Israel as the primary means of Destroying Israel and establishi-,« a Palestinian slate in its place." Contrary to some media interpretations, the skeptical o'lt reliable Near East Repo.'t believes the PLO "will not hi satisfied with a separate Palestinian state to include merely the West Bank and Gaza, but will insist on a statf including all of what is now Isreal." Re-examination of the I 0 - p o i n t Cairo declaration suggests this may be a well- founded conclusion. IT NOW APPEALS . .that Points 2 and 3 are the heart of the document. They commit the PLO to continue the "armei struggle.;' The Arab state which is envisaged will be a 'fighting minority 1 to liberate every part of the "Palestinian land" -- a threat to both Israel and Jordan. Point 5 also is bad news for King Hussein, for It not only pledges the PLO to wipe yit Israel ibut also to overthrow Hussein and eliminate the ruling group in Jordan. Up lo the present, however, the internally divided guerrillas have been unable to establish r» constituency in Jordan or in the areas administered by Israel, although these are the aren in which they propose to organize their new state. A presumed object of the corning negotiation at Geneva is to achieve peace. Should the PLO, therefore, be admitted on the oasis of its latest declaration? Does it come ready, asks the Near East Report, to enter into peace with Israel or is it still determined to destroy her? (C) 1974, Los Angeles Tune* which they interpreted as a clear expression of support of the Israeli position... "They also report that a request from the United States to King Faisal that he urge Arab combatants to retire to (the prc-attack) ceasefire line produced great irritation. .We have been told that the Saudis will impose some cut-bac'k in crude oil production as a result of the United States position taken thus far. "A further and much more substantial move will be taken by Saudi Arabia and Kuwait m the event of further evidence of increased U.S. support of the Israeli position. "We are convinced of the seriousness of the intentions of . the Saudis and Kuwaitis, and that any actions of the U.S. government at this time in terms of increased military aid to Israel will have a critical and adverse effect on our relations with the moderate Arab producing countries." Raising' the familiar cry of national security, the chairmen pleaded that "much more than our commercial interests in the area is now at hazard," The real stakes, they pleaded, wera "both our economy and our security." Not long afterward, they joined in undermining U.S. security in the Middle East by cutting off Saudi oil to American planes and ships. Footnote: We contracted ths offices of the four Oil chairmen. Their spokesmen contended that the memo was not intended to meddle in U.S. foreign policy but merely to alert President Nixon of the facts. Peronism. Without Its Leader BUENOS AIRES (ERR) -The political''lull': in Argentina is only the calm'before t h e storm. The government of Maria Estela Peron, who assumed the Presidency after her husband's death on July 1, has the backing -- for the moment, .at least -- of the military and the Peronist labor movement. · Two weeks have passed without serious unrest. But ,beneath '.the surface, powerful currents are shaping major changes : in .^Argentine politics. Peron's .death has opened the way for. a long-overdue realignment:-of 'Argentine political factions.. .For three decades,. Peron's Overriding influence ,-=· in .the .country or' in exile 1 ---. blocked..normal political 1 evolution and. discouraged the emergence of new leaders. Political lines were drawn, not so much between right and left, as. between Perdnists and anti- Peronists. With Peron gone ,his heterogeneous coalition 6f radi- ' oals" and conservatives has lost its' focus. Disparate faction's within-, the : Peronist m o v e m e n t a r e already jockeying for advantage. And since Peronists ' account for more, than one-third of the Argentine electorate, re-alignment within the Peronist ranks will trigger massive shuffles in other political parties. PEHONISM IS NOT, and never was, a cohesive political ideology. To the working classes and the urban poor, Peronism was a populist rallying Cry. To the far right, it was nationalism, bordering on xenophobia. To the military and a handful of technicians, Peronism was a form of economic madness that brought a once-rich country to its knees. But to Peron himself, Peronism was whatever was politically expedient. If there was a central theme to Peronism, it was intransigent nationalism. Peron drew his strength from an appeal to popular mistrust of foreign economic and political forces. Even in his last days, Peron resorted to nationalism when he got into trouble. A few months before Peron's death, the Argentine government banned promotion of birth control on the ground that the country's low birth rate was sapping its economic and social vigor. The reduced rate of population growth, said the government, was the result of "factors," determined by interests which are not Argentine, which seek to promote ways of life which are antagonistic to those which correspond with tha destiny of a great country...." POLITICAL re-alignment w o u l d clear Argentina's muddied political waters, b u t, given the country's shaky economic situation, it could usher in an era of instability worse than the beleaguered country has yet seen. After Peron's initial attempts-to control inflation, prices are shooting up again. The treasury deficit of $700 million is twice that of last year, and paper money in circulation doubled In the first six months of 1974. Speculation about the future of Maria Estela Peron's government is pointless; s h e ·will stay in the Casa Rosada (Argentina's equivalent of ths White House) only until the economic situation becomes unbearable, or until civil strife breaks out. Then, following long-established custom, tha military will assume power "to protect the nation." There lies the greatest danger. For the military is as divided as the nation itself. In his brief second presidency, Peron retired a number of older anti- Peronist officers, and promoted younger ones more amenable to him, But the old officers stilt wield strong influence. With Peron gone, the general* may devour each other, and with them, Argentina,

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