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Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest Is The First Concern Of This Newspaper 4 Â· SATURDAY, JULY 20, 1974 In Search. Of A Silver Lining Don't look now, but there are more things in a heckuya shape than just the Watergate imbroglio. Because of the impeachment crisis an enormous amount of critical legislation and legislative work is now. stymied in both houses of Congress. Many close observers on Capitol Hill believe that impeachment is about all that will get done the balance of this session of ' Congress. Strategists on the Hill, in fact, are de!'. vising ways to keep bills in committee, or , to propose amendments, or even to filibuster (as is the case of the consumer protection bill) in the expectation that time is against , final adoption of most major legislation. If that didn't pose enough of a problem, the respected Brookings Institute of Wash. ington, D.C., a few days ago released a study that concludes the U.S. (and the world) can . look forward to zooming food prices and continued inflation for at least five more years. Brookings experts find that inflation, as a general condition, will follow the incline of food costs. The basis for this conclusion is that shortages now exist, worldwide, in basic foodstuffs, and in addition there is a Â· prevalent shortage of both fuel and fertilizer. In the U.S., the food picture is additionally clouded by a prospective shortage of containers. That will add significantly to grocery shelf prices in the next year or so. Meanwhile, there appears to be a good prospect for renewed world tariff warring, partly as a result of the presidential fever being experienced by detente foe Sen. Henry Jackson, D-Wash. Jackson, a hardliner on military preparedness and the virtues of the Cold War, has produced enough of a following, apparently, to divert an alarming amount of attention from such domestic considerations as oil taxes, strip mining, consumer legislation, campaign and election reform, and the possibility (perhaps) of re- imposition of wage and price controls. The Congress is so enormously preoccupied with Watergate and impeachment right now that it has precious little capacity for attention elsewhere. When the awesomeness of "must" military budget matters is heaped on that, it is small wonder that the consumer bill is languishing. A small footnote to this is an announcement this week that Attorney General Jim Guy Tucker is heading for Washington to seek Sen. Bill Fulbright's support on the consumer bill, and a companion effort to evoke cloture, if and when that's needed. Fulbright's is one of several key votes on the issue. We have an idea Tucker's visit will help a little -- but the overview isn't terribly encouraging. From The Readers' Viewpoint In Shame! UeÂ»r Sir: We can look toward Washington and see Themis, Goddess of Law and Justice still stand- tag, but with her head bowed In shame. The shocking miscarriage of Justice which occurred in Judge Gesell's Court on Friday and which almost shattered our faith in the American judicial system will forever cloud our great history ! From Our Files; How Time Flies 10 YEARS AGO ' A Northwest Arkansas delegation of 70 persons with 23 horses, an ox'drawn wagon and a ', covered wagon left Springdale ; Sunday to promote their region Â·'" at the 68th annual Frontier ':' Days at Cheyenne, Wyo. Â· County School Supervisor J. .; Â· R. Kctman said today a shor- ; . tage of teachers is plaguing et- so VEARS AGO Contract was awarded today Jw excavating and building the : foundation for the garment fac: tory to be built here by the :', Ely Walker Drq Goods Com'.! pany. Â·Â·" A new road winding up the ^mountain in hairpin drive has Â· just been completed by W. J ( ( Hamilton, owner of Hamilton " Heights on South Mountain snd 100 YEARS AGO Work on the University build."!. ing is going right ahead. Everything on University Hill looks ." business like. Scores of work.;' men are busy laying brick, and v before many months the colors ! J( of the Arkansas Industrial Uni;''. versity will be proudly floating ' up among the clouds. From the best information we forts to ready county schools for the coming year. The first case of rabies in a fox this year waas reported this morning by Bill Parette. county health sanitarian w h o predicts an increase in the number of cases of this disease during the next month and early fall. . its scenic ibeauty is attracting many visitors. The rural mail carriers working out of the post office here will assist the federal government on acreage harvested on individual farms along their routes, according to the information received here by the College of Agriculture, University of Arkansas. can get there are only, as yet, about one-hundred and ninety--three aspirants for the .various county offices in the next elec- ton -- and seven townships yet to hear from. W. F. Baxter has a splendid shower bath in connection with his barber shop. It is a luxury to go in and try it. of justice under the law. (Mrs. P. R. Huntley Fayetteville Wake Up! To the Editor: WAKE UP ARKANSAS! Senator Fulbrlght is too valuable a man to cast adrift. Not only your State but this country needs him in these critical times. If the Republicans have-not nominated a man to run for the Senatorial post, they should be patriotic enough to nominate Mr. Fulbright. True, they couldn't make him a Republican, and being the kind of a man he is, he would vote in the Senate (he way he damn well pleased. The way a most intelligent vote for the good of the country. Regardless of how he is nominated, be Re- Â· publicans, Independents, or whatever, he should attract the vote of all patriotic voters of all parties. I am not a citizen of Arkansas but this is a national need and I. believe it excuses my attempt at interference in the affairs of your State. Roy Collier Bible Verse "And this they did, not as we hoped, hut first gave their own selves to the Lord, and unto us by the will of God." 2 Corinthians 8:5 The giving of ourselves is even more important than the giving of our substance. Father, take our lives and in Jesus' name make us what you want. us to be. Amen. What Others Say CHARTING .UA-PB's FUTURE Herman B. Smith, the new . chancpjlor of UA-PB. tal_ks such, ""a gooa game that his optimism 1 ' about the school may prove, infectious. Particularly if ttie results start coming soon, and that is Just what Dr..Smith anticipates. In an interview in The Commercial, he spoke of "substantive changes" in the campus, curriculum and personnel of the school -- and hot at some time in the hazy future. "I don't mean in a year or two years' time," he said. "I mean in the next six months." This is a refreshing change 'from "the Manaha Tense once ,. . cni ployed r at;UA-PB,iand,yberore:. Â·'. that. Arkansas AMN r .;';'Y ' V Dr. Smith says UA-PB was "the least responsive" of all the 34 schools in 19 states he formerly worked with as director of the Office for the Advancement of Public Negro Colleges. Now he has accepted the challenge of heading that school. All the people of this area have a stake in how well lie and the school meet that challenge. He's starting off on t h e upbeat, which is encouraging. He won't deny that too little is being done, but he's not going to ~ be bitter or self-defeating about it; "Of course I would much rather linVc hail $6 million or $7 million from the special session. Obviously, t h e things we are asking for now should have been accomplished the day before yesterday. But it seems to me you have to he realistic about If. I don't believe we have a single legislator who is proud of what we have he^e but we couldn't get the whole package at oncer could we?" , Â· But unless the school and legislators from this area keep asking for it all, not enough of it may materialize. Why wasn't there a bill in the hopper this session appropriating the full $20 million required. to bring just the UA-PB campus up to snuff? The state has pledged to make this school the equal of any other campus in the university system and, even if the legislature didn't extend the session to do it, at least notice would have been given for next time. One of the more worrisome prospects on the -horizon for UA-PB is that it will receive the same neglect showered on the highway to Little Rock. The full appropriation may be put off year after year while legislators offer various excuses and cave-ins In its place. And all the while, construction costs increase and the amount that might have done the job a few years back proves laughablv inadequate now. The realistic course is to press for full funding now. Dr. Smith does take a refreshing view of the way to change the school's inbread image: "The way to change the image," he says, "Is to change the reality." That's often the last resort of institutions laboring under a' poor impression of largely their own making. It's good to hear Dr. Smith suggest it at the very outset of luVadministration. Also high on the list of priorities for UA-PB is full integration. And Dr. Smith talks sense on that subject, too: "I think what this institution should be about is to identify the needs of people. I am concerned about the helpless people and the unwholesomely motivated people. "That is why I think education is so important. I think there must be hundreds and hundreds of .white people in this area who need an education and want an education and I don't see why they should have to drive 50 to 100 miles when they could go five minutes and be here. Now we need to start talking increasingly to these people and saying 'What kind of programs do you need and do you want?" But how do you do it? Dr. Smith is hoping for cooperation from others: "I've only been here three days and I don't know where how you reach people. You reach people by making yourself open and available and by communicating your commitment and your plans and projections, and by soliciting information and counsel and sug- CONTrNTJED ON PAGE B) the Arms Race Goes On . . . And On Trends In World Weather By JOHN HAMER (Editorial Research Reports) WASHINGTON -- Droughts, floods, blizzards, tornadoes, typhoons and hurricanes have plagued much of the nation and the world in recent years. Most people considered these weather conditions to be abnormal and . temporary, but instead, cli- matologists now believe that the first half of the 20th century was blessed with unusually mild weather and that the global climate has begun returning to a harsher but more normal -- state. For the long run; there is mounting evidence of a worldwide cooling trend. The average temperature of the world as a whole has dropped by one-third to one-half a degree Centigrade in -the last 30 years. 'The decline of prevailing temperatures since about 1945 appears . to be tiie longest-continued downward trend since temperature records began," says Professor Hubert H. Lamb of the University of East Anglia in Great Britain. Global cooling may be related to the devastating African drought, now in its sixth year. Some scientists believe that expansion of the cold polar air caps pushed the monsoon rain belt southward, causing many of the life-giving rains to fall on already fertile lands or into the sea. Dry weather conditions also prevail in parts of India, China, Kenya, Bolivia and scores of .other countries on both sides of the equator, raising the specter of even more serious drought and famine. Drought has hit the United States .regularly every 20 years, and is due again In the mid- 1970s. Such climatic trends are crucial because much of humanity still is at the mercy of ,the weather as far as food, shelter and welfare are concerned. The earth's population has more than doubled under the generally favorable climate conditions since the turn of the century, and any fundamental changes could have a serious impact on human society. "There is very important cli- matic change, going on right now," asserts Dr. 'Reid Bryspn of the University of Wisconsin. "It is something .that, if it continues, will affect, the whole human occupation of the earth -- like a billion people starving." BRYSON IS THE leading spokesman for the view that man-made atmospheric pollution has changed the global cli- . m a t e . Fossil-fuel burning, mechanized agricultural operations, accidental forest fires, and the primitive slash-and- burn land-clearing method still widely practiced in the tropics have increased the amount of dust in the atmosphere, Bryson says, causing more sunlight to be reflected into space and lowering earth's temperature. On the other hand, the "solar school" of climatic change- holds that sunspots and solar flares, which, rise and fall on an 11-year cycle, influence the earth's climate. An English scientist has found that Scotland's growing season is longest in years when the sunspot cycle peaks. And two American sci-, enlists discovered a statistical relationship between solar activity - and w i n t e r storms in the North Pacific. "If it's true, it's of overwhelming importance," says Dr. Walter 0. Roberts of the National Center for Atmospheric Research. Other theories abound. One is that the wobbling of the earth on its rotational axis causes temperatures changes. Another is that the earth's geomagnetic field may alter atmospheric pressure patterns. Dr. .Terome Namias of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography believes that long-term interactions between the oceans and the atmosphere control the climate's course. George and Helena Kukla of Columbia University contend that expanding snow and ice cover raise I lie planet's reflectivity and lower global temperatures. CLEARLY SCIENTISTS must learn more about present and past climates in order to predict the climate of the future, and a revolution In climatic research indeed is under way. Professor Cesare EmiHani of Miami has taken deep-sea cores of sedimentary fossil layers in the Caribbean Sea to construct a 700,000-year record of water temperatures. Ice core samples drilled from glaciers have p r o v i d e d another detailed record. . As for today's . climate, tlie World Meteorological Organization and the International Council of Scientific Unions is sponsoring a 10-year Global Atmospheric Research Program (GARP). aimed at advancing tiic sciences of climatology and meteorology. Its first maior international effort, the GARP Atlantic Tropical Experiment (GATE), began June 15; 1974, and will go on for 100 days. The data gathered will be fed into a new generation of high- speed meteorological computers which should greatly improve weather forecasting. As science learns more about the weather and climate, more schemes to control t h e m are suggested. Weather m o d i f 1- cation has come a long way from early cloud-seeding .experiments, and now is considered an operational technology capable of snow suppression or augmentation, hail reduction, fog dissipation, lightning alteration and hurricane modificaton. The Pentagon has admitted conducting a 7-year weather warfare program in Indochina, and a U.S.-Soviet meeting is planned this year to consider limits on such activity. Meanwhile, Soviet scientists have discussed damming the Bering Strait and pumping Arc- tie Ocean waters into the Pacific, or diverting the great Siberian rivers southward. Both projects wquld partially melt.the polar ice caps and raise global temperatures -- along with the level of the world's oceans. Whether or not civilization alters the earth's climate -deliberately or inadvertently -the climate seems certain to continue changing by itself. Humanity cannot afford to be unaware of this potential change or ill-prepared for its effects. Arkansas Editors Comment On The University's New President, Politics SOUTHWEST TIME RECORD (Fort Smith) The new president of the University of Arkansas has some 1 sound ideas for improvement, but it would be wise for him to become better acquainted with local problems before offering solutions. Dr. Charles Bishop, presently chancellor at the University of Maryland made sense when he spoke out in a recent printed interview, saying there has to be more coordination between UA's five campuses. "I cannot believe...Arkansas needs five fullfledged graduate universities," he said. "Some hard decisions will have to be made with respect to which campuses shall be the seat of high quality graduate level education, which shall be the seat of high quality professional education, and whcih shall simply be good liberal arts colleges." Here, Dr. Bishop has touched one major problem of the system. There is waste in duplication, and each of the campuses should have a clearly defined role in the overall system. The situation results from the fact that campuses have been added to the university system for political rather than educa- tioal reasons. The Legislature went on this kick to add m o r e and more campuses to the system. There was bargaining between legislators from different regons of the state -- the "you vote for mine and I'll vote for yours" idea. There was little consideration of whether the branch to be added to the system was adequate in educational standards to meet true university status. In too many instances, it simply was a matter of prestige for the community. Dr. Bishop spoke in the interview of UA being "youthful" and "flexible" and implied it would be "pliable" to the extent of being drastically changed. The university has been in existence a good many years. And the taxpayers who "own' it likely would not like to see their university become "flexible" to the extent some American universities have. They would not like, we believe, to see their school administered so loosely that students set their own standards, that a riotous few could take over classrooms and bar other students, that anarchy would prevailon campus, making it necessary to call in troops... Overall, the taxpayers of Arkansas undoubtedly want to see their university grow and progress, to meet the educational needs of its students. We are sure this is what the new president also wants and he should be welcomed by all. ARKANSAS DEMOCRAT Obviously, we erred when we kidded Sen. John L. McClellan about how meaningless seniority would be after Dale Bumpers, who says that ; seniority: doesn't, count, .moves fb SlWsh.'i, ington in January. '"" : Â·"'''''' T h e senator, apparently taking us seriously, immediately started acting in a kind of frantic haste to do what he could for his family before the season of cold and ineffectiveness set in. It's called saving what one can. He sponsored a bill, which nearly slipped by unnoticed, that would have relieved the U.S. District Court Clerk in the Â· Panama Canal Zone of the burden of issuing marriage licenses, same clerk being Doris McClellan the senator's daughter. Sure as malaria, some mean Republican in the House noticed the relationship between t h e bill's sponsor and the bill's beneficiary and called it to everybody's attention, including McClellan's. The bill was tabled. Now Ihe senator is mad. No, furious. Expletive furious! He obviously needs help. Could it be that we have here a possibility of the marking of the mornenlus January event -- what might be called the first coming of Dale Bumpers. Could it be that the senator - n o m i n a t e might he interested in sponsoring a piece of legislation to help the daughter of an Arkansas family who finds herself overworked in a foreign land? PINE BLUFF COMMERCIAL What's this, the Arkansas House of Represnetatives had the good judgement and healthy courage to beat back the Bobby ; Glover Surefire Loyalty Tune' Â· Up?-' That's an encouraging ''. break with the worst of the legislature's traditons -- and a pleasing contrast with the Senate's spectacglar (mis) handling of the Mutt Jones Hearing Pageant. Those most responsible for elevating the House's image and standards deserve recogm- tion. Among them: Representative Clayton N. Little of Bentonville, who warned that hanging a loyalty oath on state tmployees would add to "a climate of hate and distrust for our fellowmen." Representative Gayle Windsor Jr. of Little Rock who made the inescapable comparison with Mccarthyism: "It's as though we were watching an old movie on TV. I thought we'd put this sort of thing behind us." Mr. Windsor added: "I think a lot of very fine people would resent having to sign such an oath, and I think they'd be justified.'' . Â· Â· Â· Representative Calvin' Lcd- lielter called the proposal "a remnant of the 50s" and wanted to know how the House could Justify giving an oath to some slate employees but not others -- namely, school teachers. Representative Roscoe Brown of Jonesboro-- "I'm a flag-waver and proud of it" -- said the proposal would cause more problems than it would solve. Even Chuck Honey, of Prescott, who can be relied on to support pernicious proposals, acknowledged that a loyalty oath wouldn't cure any problems, preparatory' to' 'suppdrtirig 'it." In the end, the House voted to refer Glover's Folly to a committee by the sizable vote of 56 to 28. Maybe MeCarlhyism really is a remnant of the 1950s. The next session, when it's due to come up again, should tell us. tAMOS ADD TAPE TO ARK EDS SAT. THE TIMES (North Little Rock) The time has arrived to abolish the $15,050 annual public relations expense account set up for the mayor's office. The supposed purpose of this fund was to help the City foster a better public image through its top executive officer. As it turned out, the City was embarrassed repeatedly by questionable use of the money. It was spent to entertain some aldermen and certain City employes, for example. (How did this help the City's image? (Also, substantial s u m s were spent for liquor and cocktails, which no governmental unit, least of all one at the grassroots Â· level, can buy with any profit to its public standing. Moreover, the concept of the expense account was from the beginning no more than a ruse to get around the $5,000 salary limitation imposed on the mayor's salary. As a practical matter, anyone holding the office can take advantage of the vague wording of the expense account ordinance to turn .the PR fund into a salary supplement. Of course, this also requires .some hazy reporting of what the money goes for. This too has occurred. Auditors this year were critical of a lack of receipts for money Issued directly to the mayor. This Is not just bad^accoun- ting: it is sloppy handling of public funds, and the sooner it is halted the better. Yet, if the PR fund ordinance is repealed, the mayor, as the City's chief political representative, will still have to be reimbursed for ligitimate out-of- the-pocket expenses. We believe the best way for this to be done is by special City Council appropriations, with receipts and documentation presented at one meeting and action taken two weeks later. This would give lime for a thorough review of the expenses. And in our view no expense should be paid unless it is hacked up by the same type of proof that is required by the Internal Â·Revenue Service when taxpayers are asked to verify expenses covered by funds received from their employers. As far as entertainment is concerned, the names and occupations of those entertained, the purpose of the affair as well as the receipts should he required. Finally, it is worth noting that the City has been warned repeatedly this year to hold the line on spending. The big PR expense fund would be an excellent place to realize some immediate savings. ARKANSAS DEMOCRAT Atty. Gen. Jim Guy Tucker usually isn't knosvn for bad timing. Yet he read the clock the wrong way the other day. About the same time the attorney general was jack-ing up patriotism by groaning to Ihe American Legion convention about how Americans have more faith in their "trash collectors" than they do in government officials, the state Sonata was voting to keep Guy "Mutt" Jones, a convicted felon, in (ha Senate. It was a most inopportuna hour for Tucker to plead the case of public officialdom. Not only that but, in taking the action it did, the Senate sent Tucker an embarrassing message. Only a few days earlier, the senators heard Tucker 'interpret the law and opted instead for the advice of some other lawyers. Tucker, the state's chief legal officer, had said it would take only a simple majority vote to oust Jones. Since many senators were looking for an out, they ignored Tucker and took the other lawyers' advice. When the vole came, Senator Jones easily kept his seat, thanks to 11 of h i s pals who voted for him. Now we, too, bemoan the lack of confidence in public officials, but we also remind the attorney general that it is most difficult to trust somebody who puts a lion in the streets and a bowl of milk in our hands, and th'en says: "Now, go out and say, 'Kitty. Kitty,' " And that's what the Senate did in defying both. Tucker and the wishes of its constituency in deciding that a man who fails to pay his income tax is still qualified to* sit in the state Senate. Yet we won't moan overmuch. Election day is coming. Any trash collectors out there interested in a senate seat? We know of a least 12 that' need to be refilled.