Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on July 19, 1974 · Page 4
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July 19, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 4

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Friday, July 19, 1974
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j?art!)toe$t Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest Is The First Concern 01 This Newspaper 4 · FRIDAY, JULY 19, 1974 FDA Taking New Look At Fluoride Effects The Washington Merry-Go Round Opposition--By Default : Gov. Dale Bumpers, the man who sold Arkansas on a need for "new leadership," doesn't include in that function much of any allegiance to political party partisanship, we gather. Mr. Bumpers was cool as cool could be, you'll recall, in his role as titular head of the state Democrats, toward the national ticket two years ago. Thanks to a shrewd reading of public sentiment, that infidelity has not worked against him. ; Nowadays he is practicing this same Brand of "leadership" by counselling fellow Democrats to resist an urge to treat the Watergate and Nixon administration de. bacles as a "Republican" affair. "Succumbing to this temptation," says the governor, "would be the most irresponsible of all possible attitudes and could, and probably would, rightly land us in the political graveyard, both in 1974 and 1976." The curious thing about this statement is that it is couched in nominally partisan language (the smart thing for Democrats to do to get the advantage, in other words), yet in effect suggests that the Party restrain itself from political participation. We agree, of course, that this is a fair representation of the Bumpers' theory and practice of successful politics. What we do not agree with is the fundamental fidelity of such a stance to the proper functioning of the American political system. Just as Watergate has been a sore affront to our system of government, so too, we believe, is the practice of nonpartisan opportunism. It is .instructive to note in this connection that Gov. Bumpers was at some pains to criticize the press for a considerable contribution to "public cynicism" over Watergate. What Mr. Bumpers fails to mention is the fact that someone surely had to speak out, in rebuttal to the flood of self-serving statements issuing from the White House, Art Buchwald in regard to the enormous scandal that is Watergate. . In the purest political sense, this should be the job of the Democratic Party -- the loyal opposition. It reflects the "leadership" function that Mr. Bumpers alludes to so winningly. In the absence of a Democratic Party response, however, it has been left.by default to the nation's newspapers to slice away at the Nixon Administration's facade of alibis and excuses. We quite agree that this is not to the best interests of an impartial and objective press. We do not agree, however, that there has been a reasonable alternative (the nation is considerably better off for the service having been rendered by the press), because the sort of leadership offered by political nonpartisans, such as Gqv. Bumpers, has left a critical gap in the essential fabric of the two- party system that undergirds our system of government. We would take the governor's criticism more kindly, in other words, if he v/ould speak from a solid position of "Party leadership," where, needless to say, the slings and arrows are a lot thicker than atop the mountain of non-involvement. For sure, newspapers are heavily criticized these days, on all sides. The pity is that much of this criticism is due in large measure to elected Democratic "leadership" around the country that has abdicated a crucial p£rt of its responsibility to the checks and balances of democratic government. It is noteworthy in this regard to find President Nixon, just this week, castigating the press for blatant over-emphasis on Watergate. Were it not for the press, though, would the facts have ever been exposed to public view- Not, we submit, under the new leadership of the Democratic Party, as exemplified by Gov. Bumpers, whose advice is to low-profile it until after the '76 elections. The News On The Beach By ART BUCHWAT.D EAST HAMPTON. N.Y. -this summer that it isn't WHAT it that counts. This was dramatically illustrated last weekend at East Hampton, Long Island. I was lying on the beach and the only thing between me and the Atlantic Ocean was a young lady in her 20s trying (o get a suntan. In order to do this she lay on her stomach with the top half of her bathing suit undone. This, I assumed, was so that she would get an even tan. As long as she stayed In her position there was nothing to see but her back. But you From Our Files; How Time Flies 10 YEARS AGO '. Open house ceremonies will be held today and tomorrow in the recently completed municipal fire and police buildings. Members of the Fayetteville High School B a n d and Choc- alettes who h a v e been to a Lions Club convention in Canada, t h e World's Fair and Washington, D.C. were to leave 50 YEARS AGO .Th worst storm ia years occurred last night in Prairie Grove where several thousand d o l l a r s of property was destroyed. Two barns were struck by lightning resulting in fheir complete destruction and an estimated loss of $5,000. Judge E. G. Mitchell, candidate for the Democratic nomination for Congress will speak in opposition to the Ku Klux itlO YEARS AGO The District Council of K a t r o n s of Husbandry recommend to members of the order, and all other farmers, Marnnioth Springs, Ky., this morning at 5 o'clock for the 700 mile trip home. Members of the Downtown Fayetfeville Unlimited, Inc., yesterday voted to ask the city to request a survey by the Arkansas Highway Department of traffic signals at Fayetteville intersections. Klan here tomorrow afternoon at (.wo o'clock at t h e courthouse. He plans to call upon his opponents, Congressman John N. Tielman and C l a u d Fuller, to explain their Ku Klux affiliation. Plans for the construction of a $25,000 women's building on Mount Sequoyah, Methodist Western Assembly were made here yesterday. not to sell their wheat for less than $1 per bushel. There is very little if any, money in raising wheat for less than that price. They'll Do It Every Time ADMISSIONS COMMITTEE-LAST LEGS CLUB! I AM HONORSPTO PROPOSE. VKWW R SNEAKER FOR "MEMBERSHIP- AHOWSTANPINS OTIZEN WHO WILL BE A oor -rue HEAVE HOFROWTHfc AU0ASACUIW THANK W, BROTHER COW-AMD NOW WE'P UIK6 TO ASK THE CANPICATBA FEW QUESTIONS! B RIGHT" CUPWrSON ·me BOOKS TOR TWO- never know what can happen on a beach. "I see," my wife said reading .the paper, "that the failure of the SALT talks means that both superpowers are going to go full steam ahead on offensive missiles:" "What a pity," I said. As I saw it, my best .bet would be if some little kid ran by a n d accidentally showered sand on the girl forcing her to turn her body to find out what was going on. MY WIFE TURNED a paffe. "The bank rates are up to 12Vi per cent and now they're predicting they'll go to 13 per cent. ' Herb Stein, the President's economic adviser, says .the only one to blame for inflation is the American people. Do you think we're really responsible?" "If he says so." I replied. There was another hope. If some bather came out of the ocean wringing wet and dropped water on her back, the shock of it might make the girl sit up. "The White House transcripts don't jell with the ones released by the House Judiciary Committee," my wife read. "Mr. Nixon certainly looks like he knew a lot more about Watergate than he admitted. Why is it taking them so long to impeach him?" "That's a good question." I answered. My only other hope would be a cloudburst. The icy raindrops would certainly make her panic. "It says here." mv wife continued, "that Mr. Nixon's strategy, if the Suoreme Ccrart makes him turn over the tapes, will be to stonewall Jaworski, bv sayina it will take a lot nf time to find the tapes and edit them. In that way the House have time t o . h e a r , all She evidence before they're forced to vote. All he's doing is stalling. Doesn't it make you furious?" "Live and let live I always say." "You don't seem very excited about the news." mv'wife sairl. "I am, I am. Why is Mr. N i x o n stonewalling Herb Slein?" "He isn't stonewalling Stein;' he's stonewalling Jaworski." "Hmmmn," I said. The dear girl seemed to be asleep. Mv only hope now was that she'd have a bad dream and wake up startled. M Y WIFE c o n t i n u e d reading the paper out loud. "The National Football League strike is still on. You might not he able to see Ihe Redskins this fall." "If you've seen one football game you've seen them all," I muttered. "Are you all right?" she asked. "I'm fine. My neck hurts a little from the sun." "You know," my wife said, "she's NOT going to move." "Who?" I pretended to be surprised. "That topless floozie over there." She folded up her newspaper neatly, "Anyway even if she moved, It wouldn't have done you any good." "Why not?" "Because," she said sweetly, "I would have kicked sand in your eyes." (C) 1974, Los Angeles Times. By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON -- Half of America today drinks flouri- dated water to avert cavities. Yet federal authorities are suddenly taking another belaled look at its safety and effectiveness. This could revive the great flouridation controversy of 29' years ago, although the authorities are going about it coolly and quietly. The flouride fighters of the 1950s regarded the addition of flouride to drinking water as a "Communist plot" to brainwash the American people. For those who have forgotten or are too young to remember, there really were "little old ladies in tennis shoes" passing out pamphlets in the aisles of New York subways. There were town marches and angry campaigns. The Daughters of the American Revolution were aghast. But gradually, the tide turned. The Public Health Service led the fight for flouridation. Congressional hearings in 1961 seemed to show flouride was safe and didn't build up in the body. In 1981. 70 communities turned to flouride. Another 100 added flouride to their tap water in 1962. The fluoride fighters all but fell apart in 19G6 when they lost their final battle in New York City. American dentists helped sound the death knell by putting their official seal on fluoridated. Crest, to the envy and outrage of less resourceful dentifrice peddlers. Soon-the doughty Daughters stood almost alone, with some last-ditch, anti-flouride fanatics manning mimeo machines. But a few worried scientists had their own private reservations. Within the last few days, the Food and Drug Administration has taken some careful, tentative steps to reconsider flouri- dation. The FDA is moving at the insistence of a California Institute of Technology biologist who is so reluctant to make his findings public that'he begged us to kill this story. The quiet scientist is Dr. Edward Groth III, whose hesitant conclusions come from study of 1,000 papers and countless abstracts,- books, summaries and scientific publications. On June 3, with much hedging and apology, Groth wrote .to Dr. Lloyd Tepper, FDA's energetic associate commissioner, himself a student of anti-cavity additives, i "I must admit to being a bit reluctant to write to you on this subject," he told Tepper, "since I do not want to get into a position of supporting the .opponents of fluoridation, with' whom I have little sympathy." Groth said he recognized that the body of research seeming to "support the effectiveness and safety of fluoridation is enormous. And there- is an apparently overwhelming consensus among, experts that {fluoridation) reduces dental caries some 60 per cent, without any adverse effects on any person." That duly acknowledged, Groth proceeds to make a devastating, case for reopening the files on fluoridation. For one thing, he observes, (he Public Health Service was involved in a gigantic conflict of interest at the time of the fluoride fever. The fluoridation idea, as Groth explains it, "was developed by the dental branch of PHS, and the evaluation of the adequacy of the evidence was conducted primarily, .by PHS' scientists and by other outside scientists who were also very mucli involved in the development and promotion of the measure." The key studies, said Groth, lacked even "the most basic elements of 'blind' design which ensure total objectivity. Besides, factors -such as -the subjects' dental care, diet and fluoride intake were never even cranked into, the studies, he reported. More ominously, Groth wrote, "there is still not adequate evidence, despite numerous statements from high places to the contrary, that (fluoridation) is without appreciable risk." All these considerations were brushed aside 20 years ago because of "the political controversy ·· which swirled around fluoridation." The heat of the debate "made it expedient to have as firm a scientific statement as possible, and as early in the game as possible," Groth concluded. When Tepper got the letter, he told us he decided that "we could not just push it aside. It comes with credentials of a high order." Not only Groth, he explained, but some of his elders, "including two well- known biologists and a pharma- cologist, are also concerned about the longrange effects of fluoridation. "We definitely have made no "That big ol' houn'dog done sniffed hisself plumb out" ("ZscuTtescuer King Fea tu r«i fyndieil* Room To Grow-*A Rivers Right WASHINGTON (ERR) --As long ago as 1937, a trade journal called "Engineering News- Record" acknowledged that: "Rivers were here long before man, and for untold ages every stream periodically exercised its right t o ' expand when carrying more than its normal flow. Man's error has not been the neglect of flood control measures, but his refusal to recognize the right of the rivers to their Iloodway." That refusal still holds force, and the staggering damage inflicted by recent floods proves it. T h e floods arc not so much greater than in years past, but today there is much more in the water's way. Even flood experts admit that control projects such as levees, dams and channels are not the final answer. In the p a s t 40 years, about $4 billion has been spent on flood protection projects, but this enormous outlay has not reduced potential flood damage on a national level to a significant degree. More and more land is being used for residential, commercial and industrial building, wKh much of it vulnerable to flooding. The latest concept, called "flood- proofing" bv the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, stresses emergency evacuation plans, structural changes in buildings, insurance and public relief programs, flood abatement by w a t e r s h e d treatment, a n d finally, basic changes in land use. The first National Conference on Flood Plain Management will be held July 23-25 in Washington, D.C., to consider new approaches to the flood problem. A wide range of co-sponsors is behind the gathering,including the National Association, the American Society of Officials, the Council of Stale Governments, Keep America Beautiful Inc., the Soil Conscr-- vation Society, the Sport Fishing Institute and the Wild- l i f e Management Institute Speakers and panelists will discuss the uses of flood plains, experiences in flood plain management, and ways to improve the field, including new legislation and government policies. President Nixon in September 1973 vetoed a Disaster Relief Act aimed at providing generous federal loans for victims of floods and other natural dis- asters, and Congress sustained the veto. Nixon urged a thorough restructuring of all federal disaster relief programs Instead. Relief for victims would seem the most realistic answer to floods, however, since prevention appears impossible. As one Mississippi Valley veteran said after t h e disastrous April 1973 flooding there: "You've got to give a river like this room to grow." From The Readers' Viewpoint 55 v. 65 Mph To the Edilor: The Department of Trans- porfation, various safety organizations and n a t i o n a l figures hail the 55 MPH speed limit as the chief factor in the saving of lives on our nation's highways since the lowering of the speed limit went into effect. The results of a poll taken on the 55 MPH speed limit indicated that 75 per cent of those polled favored retention of the 55 MPH speed -limit. While there is no question there has been a significant reduction in traffic fatalities, the saving of lives may not be Ihe direct result of the 55 MPH speed limit. The writer made an automobile trip recently, traveling in Arkansas, Oklahoma and Texas and found few drivers observing the 55 MPH speed limit. When driving 55 MPH almost everyone passed me. Driving at 60 MPH it was my observation that 65 to 70 per cent of the cars still passed me, driving about 65 MPH. Truckers were making no pretense of driving 55 MPH as they were all driving 65 lo 70 MPH. While a reduction in traffic fatalities has been achieved, it has been done with most vehicles (raveling 60 MPH or over. conclusions, but we are going to look into the issue, he told Groth, who had hoped tlw new fluoridation controversy could be handled within th» scientific community, told us: "I'm keeping my fingers crossed. 1 don't want it to lead to more choosing up sides." Footnote: Groth has at least one powerful ally in Washington. Ralph Nader tells us hs has been worried about th« inadequacy of follow-up tests on fluoride intake for years. He blames the FDA for footdrag- ging on a definitive nationwida survey. Another Endangered Species LONDON (ERR) -- An Englishman's pub is more than just a place to drink and socialize. It is a sort of home away from home. But pubs a r a changing, and few would say for the better. Caught in a profit squeeze, most breweries have raised the price of a pint of beer by four cents, and further increases are in the offing. More over, the s i m p l e , unadorned public house with Its darts, dim lights,. and musty aroma is giving way to an entirely different type of operation. The George IV in Houslow, for example, was until recently an ordinary roadhouse. .But now it has been refurbished with snack bars; flashing lights, a discotheque and miniskirted w a i t r e s s e s . Renamed the Honeycomb, it is packed with teenagers every night and doing three times' the business of the plain old George IV. Some public houses hava installed fake barrels and ornamental hand pumps to disguise keg beer and pressurized pumping. Watney's, one of the biggest breweries, has Introduced plastic beams and other ersatz decor in i t s string of pubs to provide "instant atmosphere." Some pubs boast air- freshening systems to combat the mustiness savored by old- timers. It is my opinion the safety improvement is due to drivers giving more attention to their driving rather than to their observation of the 55 MPH speed limit. With (he 55 MPH speed limit being largely disregarded, the speed limit may as well be raised to 60 MPH, w h i c h Is the speed limit I recommended be adopted when tha reduction in the speed limit was being considered. - The 0 MPH speed limit would permit the traveling public to legally derive a greater benefit from the buill-in safety features of the great Interstate System than the 55 MPH speed limit permits. It was of -interest that only two highway patrolmen were sighted during the entire 5-day trip. There were -plenty 6f motorists to arrest if there had been any intent to enforce the 55 MPH speed limit. My experience points up that polls can be misleading. Evidently those polled were either not -a true cross section of the nation's drivers or Ihelr accelerator feet didn't pay any attention to what their mouths were saying, Ralph C. Glover, P.E. (Member American Society - Of Civil Engineers' Fayellevills -BEER HAS LONG been an 'integral part of the English . working man's diet. Per capita consumption is approximately 170 pints a year. The average working-class family spends more on beer than it does on milk, butter, cheese and eggs combined. Last year, Britain's beer drinkers spent more than $3 billion across the counter. Although consumption of beer is holding steady, the quality is not. "They're doing away with the decent stuff," said the publican at the Red Lion, in Grantchester. Those who serve and drink beer complain that the alcoholic content of the brew is falling and that the taste is getting flatter all the time. "This doesn't readily satisfy," one sudsophile told Editorial Research Reports as he attacked his pint with apparent gusto. "Not only that,, but it's gone tip from 25 cents to 4 1 ' cents in five years." He downed his pint in two minutes, a pace well behind the British record of 36 pints in one hour. THE "BIG SIX" ibreweries oiyn more than two-thirds of the 75,000 public houses and taverns in the United Kingdom. This control enables them to dictate not only the brand and pries of beer sold on the premises, tut also those of the cider and wine. Competing brands are excluded. · The breweries' drive for pro fits is threatening the traditional companisnshlp provided by the tenants of the pubs. ·What the breweries would like to do is replace the friendly and talkative publicans with faciless, profit-oriented "managers." And the brewers also want to get their hands on the money coming in froirt the juke boxes, pinbali machines, and one-armed bandits that their tenants have, installed. In a recent book, The Death' of the English Pifo, Christopher Hutt assails the big-time brewers for having standardized the taste of beer. Fifty years affo. he points out, there were 2,900 breweries in -Britain producing a wide range of beers/Today, o n . l y 175 brew: eries survive. "T h e pub that millions know and love is being wrecked, deliberately, willfully," Hutt chrages. Many would mourn the passing of the traditional pub.- For as poet John Crowe Ransom once wrote: "God have mercy on the sinner - Who must write with no dinner. · No gravy and no gnib - No peweter and no pub ...." Bible Verse "Verily, verily, I say unt» you, He that believeth on me, the works that I do shall he do also; and greater works than these shall he do: because I go unto-my Father." John 14:12 The greatest miracle is tha new birth, and for those who will believe, it is only the beginning. Jesus wants to liy« out His life again and again by way of His Spirit in each of us. Why don't we let Him? "And God hath both raised up the Lord, and will also raise up us by his own power." I Corinthians 6:14 ·; The surest thing about life Is that it continues. The greatest thing is that it can continue with Him.-"Oh 'grave where is they victory." Jesus s a i d . "Bscause I live, ye shall liv« also.'

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