Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on July 18, 1974 · Page 4
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July 18, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 4

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Thursday, July 18, 1974
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Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest Is The First Concern Oj This Newspaper 4 · THURSDAY, JULY 18, 1974 Wateraate Autographs Loom. As New Fad Bigger n (Hopefully) Better According to figures released this month by the Census Bureau and the University Industrial Research and Extension Center, Washington County now ranks as the state's second most populous county. The figures, prepared under a federally assisted program, show Washington County with an estimated 85,900 persons, compared to the 1970 Census figure of 77,370, an increase of a bit better than 7,500. Pulaski County (Little Rock) also shows substantial gains, jumping from 287,000 in 1970, to an estimated 308,500 for July 1 of this year. Rounding out the top five, with 1970 population figures in parenthesis, are Jefferson, third, 84,900 (85,329); Sebastian, fourth, 83,100 (79,237); and Mississippi, fifth 61,100 (62,060). Benton County, jumping from 50,476 to 57,000, ranks eighth overall, and second by percentage. The combined total of Washington and Benton Counties show an increase of better than 10 per cent, which is the fastest growth rate for the state. Pulaski County's increase is a strong 7.4 per cent. The figures are interesting for several reasons. The state as a whole shows a small increase, but many counties reflect an out- migration. The fact that most parts of the state are growing at a much less rapid clip than Northwest Arkansas emphasizes the increasing pressure in this area for improved and expanded public facilities and services -- transportation, energy, sewage treatment and the like. There's nothing particularly astonishing about the population rundown. It is quite apparent locally that we have more people than we used to. The survey only confirms with some precision the obvious. The figures do serve to emphasize though, we believe, a critical need for perception and vision, as well as wisdom and good judgment in the ongoing planning process. Merely planning for anticipated problems may not be sufficient to preserve the uniquely attractive natural assets of the area. Planning to avert, rather than absorb some measure of the problems becomes an increasingly attractive alternative and we trust the area leadership will ponder most seriously such options as It's Happening In The Newsroom, Too WASHINGTON (ERR) -Most Americans know the story of John Peter Zenger; the colonial printer whose libel trial in 1935 was the first important victory for freedom of the press in the colonies. But few persons are aware that during the nine months that Zenger was imprisoned, his paper, the New York Weekly Journal, was published by his wife Anna. Mrs. Zenger resumed her publishing duties in 174G following her husband's death. Few colonial women followed in Mrs. Zenger's footsteps. Today, however, the number of women journalists is substantial. Between 1870 and 1970, according to Professor Rudolph C. Blitz of Vanderbilt University (Monthly Labor Review, May 1974), the proportion of women in journalism jumped from 1 to 40 per cent of all persons so employed. Several of the nation's top newspapers are, or have been, published by women. Like Anna Zenger, most contemporary women publishers came to their positions through family connections. Katharine Graham, for example, became president of The Washington Post Co. after her husband's suicide in 1963. Helen Bonfils, who published The Denver Post for almost 40 years before her death in 1972. inherited the paper from her father. Those women reporters who have had, to work their way through the ranks have found the climb to the top more difficult. The overwhelming m a j o r i t y o f women journalists still are found on weekly newspapers or the smaller dailies, were salaries are generally low. But there are signs that the situation is improving. The L o u i s v i l l e Courier-Journal recently named Carol Button as its managing editor. Ms. Sulton, who will assume her new duties on Wednesday, July 24, is believed to be the first woman in the United States to head the news department of. a metropolitan daily newspaper. Who knows? Maybe next year the Gridiron Club -- that exclusive, all-male group of 50 prominent Washington journalists -- will vote to accept women members. John I. Smith Area Farming By JOHN I. SMITH The governing board of the Arkansas Livestock Show Association had its annual meeting in Little Rock last week.-This association has charge of the Arkansas State Fair, and the date for the 1974 fair was set to begin September 27, and to end October G. Those who ex-, pect to exhibit at this fair should begin their preparations soon. A total of 667 head of livestock was exhibited in 1973, and 258,000 people attended the show. While the Stale of Ar- kansas and some,wealthy Individuals and farm organizations have assisted in the purchase of the grounds and in the construction of the buildings, the operational expenses of the fairs are earned from gate receipts, concessions, rentals, and- o t h e r miscellaneous receipts. No one likes to see valuable ' buildings and grounds lie idle for over eleven 'months and used for a fair for only a week or so. These grounds are used almost daily for athletic events, public meetings, organizational meetings, and a multitude of From The Bookshelf The consequences of military -failure in Vietnam, both indirect and direct, have yet to be fully ·felt. We have reacted very much like someone with all the warning signals of cancer who refuses to see a doctor for fear that what he already feels and knows about Ms condition will be confirmed. Successive national administrations have redefined the aims of our extended participation in the war in an attempt to avoid a public reckoning about it. By any objective standards none of the various goals was achieved. To claim, for example, that we have peace with honor because when we withdrew our troops -from Vietnam we got our POWs back does not make it true and does not change the fact of our failure. It only delays consideration of its consequences. Thus the necessary first step to overcome failure is to at least acknowledge the fact that we have failed. It will be painful, but only if we confuse acknowledgement of the fact with the need to blame someone for it. There is suf- jiciant blame to go around so that we can all have as much or as little as we need to salve our individual consciences... --William R. Corson, Consequences of Failure (1974) They'll Do It Every Time A UOTTA STUFF R£ ApPReSSEDFROMTHfi HOSPITAL. FOR YOU, MR. RIHSO. 136 5*X» HMfH CT,, TOUWANM. H,Y. other business and social gatherings. Our Washington County fair grounds and buildings are used in a similar way, but, of course, on a smaller scale. The allowed use of such facilities by tha public is to be commended. Then, too, the time volunteered by public spirited citizens toward the promotion of our fairs (agricultural institutions, primarily) deserves our approval. WHILE THE NET income of all the American Farmers reached a near record in the first three months of this year (1st quarter) the total farm income for 1974 is expected to decline sharply. Perhaps a lot of farm commodities produced in 1973 were not sold until the first quarter ,of this year for good prices, but for the balance of the year, the prices which the farmers receive will not be as high as received last year. Then, too, expenses are up substantially. Thus, the J26.1 billion farm income for 1973 might drop to around $20 billion. Proportionately, cattlemen have suffered the greatest loss of income of any division of our farm industry, and a further decline in cattle income could result from a drouth. One factor which surely cushions this general farm income decline and prevents it from becoming a catastrophe, is our favorable farm export trade. Farm commodity exports were at a record high last year -- $21 billion at the end of the fiscal year on June 3D. This was $11.5 billion more than we imported in farm products -primarily coffee, tea, and other tropical items. These agricultural exports has been the biggest factor in reversing our regretted unfavorable balance of trade experienced for loo many years. For the above reason we dislike to hear people ask for an embargo on incoming cattle and cattle products. In the first place, we export $1 and 'A billion in cattle products. This is primarily hides and tallow hut also some meat products. Then, too, any embargo, or choking of trade with any product, destroys that much e x p o r t a t i o n of products, perhaps some of it in the same field. Trade breeds trade, and it is better to trade than to stagnate. THIS COUNTY IS n o w showing the effect of lack of rain. About 10 days ago (written Monday, July 15) we got from .75 of an inch to two inches of rain all over Arkansas, hut we need more rain very soon. The second cutting of hay now completed was shorter than that of the second of last year, but it was all brought to the sheds in good shape -green and dry. There is nearly always some compensation to t h o s e unfortunate natural phenomena. My JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON -- What's · in a name? Plenty, if you're collecting or selling' Watergate ·autographs, a fad that may soon rival ·digging up old Captain Marvel comics or Nazi war souvenirs. . A prize bargain in this new hobby is an envelope signed by indicted ex-Attorney General John Mitchell, and bearing a first-day-of-issue L a w and Order stamp. It's only $15. Souvenir Nixon inaugural envelopes signed in happier days by White House aides H.R. Haldeman or John Ehrlichman, cost $25. Rose Mary Woods' name on an envelope- commemorating the President's trip to Russia, goes for $10. H e r signature on an 18-minute blank piece of tape would probably bring a fortune. A Bill of Rights stamped envelope signed by Senate Watergate chief counsel, Sam. Dash, costs $8. Unaccountably, one signed by his pipe-smoking m i n o r i t y colleague, Fred . Thompson, brings $10.., : An autograph for former Commerce Secretary and Nixon fund raiser Maurice Stans, recently acquitted in a felony case involving world securities trade- Robert Vesco, costs $15 It's 01 a World Trade Stamp cover. That is also the price of a Nixon inaugural envelope signer! by the man Nixon forced out as Attorney General, Elliot Richardson. . : An inaugural cover Oeanng the sisnature of the President's wheeler ·- dealer brother, Don, The Washington Merry-Go-Round costs $10. Special Watergate prosecutor Leon Jaworski, and his predecessor Archibald Cox's signatures on covers also fetch $10. An .autographed photo of the first Nixon cabinet, starring disbarred former Vice President Spiro Agnew, costs' $200. And a picture of Supreme Court justices, bearing their autograph!, is a bargain at $150 now that they are deciding whether Nixon can refuse to give up evidence. Two .off-beat items bring premiums. One is a 1971 letter for $35 signed by astronaut Donald Slayton saying that, "I know of no plans to send the President into space in 1976..." Another is a signed photo of Mylai.murderer Lt. W i 11 i.a m Calley; which goes tor $75. Footnote: Watergate signatures cited are priced by J. Fricelli. Other dealers have differ-- cnt r.iles, but all guarante au. thenlicity. Actually, in Water- ·gate' Washington, secretaries often forge their busy bosses names to autograph requests. NO-FUN FUR: The nation's biggcs'; seal skin fur processor, Fouke Fur Co., is lobbying so hard for permission to bring in baby seal s k i n s from South Africa that its Congressman, James Mann, D-S.C., jokingly told a recent visitor, "I represent tlie Fouke Fur Company. Also seeking a ten-year exemption for Fouke on the ban The Other Cover-Up against bringing in the brutally slain baby seals is Sen. Strom. Thurmond, R-S.C. An enthusiastic segregationist . himself. . Thurmond sees no problem in continuing the seal trade with segregationist South Africa. Fouke brought in 50,000 of the skins last year. Another South Carolinian, Commerce Secretary Frederic* Dent, claims inpartiality. But in fact, Commerce has named two reputedly pro-slaughter members to a panel studying the eivironmental Impact of th,i seal trade. The tiny seals are first clubbed, then knifed to dcat'i Fou.L'e. meanwhile, has advised Commerce that if it cannot get permission to import the 1-aby pelts from South Africa, it will have to jack up its rales for the govertiment- ownad Alaskan seals it processes. This government program brings the Treasury $1.8 millir. annually. POLLSTER UNDECIDED: One of Wateigale's unanswered questions is who was -behind three break-ins at the office of pollster Louis Harris shortly after his survey showed President Nixon's 1970 invasion of Cambodia was highly unpopular among college students." White House adviser Alexan- 'der Heard had picked Harris for toe poll, which showed 71 S sr cent of the students gave ixor. a negative rating and 69 per cent had "serious doubts" about, the invasion. Harris tells us "files were strewn around." Although he cannot prove the While House "plumbers" h a d anything to do with it, he is "very suspicious." W A S H I N G T O N WHIRL: Small Business Administrator. Tom Kleppe not only has a chauffeur - driven limousine, he had a chauffeur-driven golf cart at a lecent outing. The SBA, in a sudden press release after we inquired, insisted the chauf- . feur helped Kleppe on his own. not the taxpayers' tlme...Salty old Navy Adm. Hyman Rick- over recently was Riven a $90170 case of Harvey's Bristol Cream Sherry by a General Electric bigwig who cautiously ordered his messenger to deliver it "in plain brown wrapper so its contents can't be identified." GE is a major Navy contractor, but Rickover, who was married three months ago, explained, "It must be a wedding^present. I drin* only ginger ale."... To bring Vietnamese orphans to the U.S. for adopting parents. stewardesses from Pan-Am and United are taking a week ot their vacations to travel to Saigon and back. The airlines provide the · travel, hotel and meals. The maidens of mercy provide the tender loving care . . . The Surgeon General's annual report on smoking and disease was delayed six months, allegedly because of pressure by the tobacco barons. Nonsense, said a f e d e r a l spokesman, it was only a bureaucratic snafu." Yet, the report was hastily cut loose uia day after our query. ·*XlJW4^ Swallowing The y^ / A ft · owaiiowiny State Of A]fatrS Russian Line By CLAYTON FR1TCHEY WASHINGTON -- The trouble with the American opponents of detente is that their fears and suspicions largely spring from their having swallowed much of the Soviet propaganda line that Russia is already so powerful and its influence growing so fast that it will soon surpass the United States as a superpower, if it hasn't already. The Russians can hardly be blamed for spreading this self- serving notion, even if it is a dubious one. However, as the debate over detente grows in intensity, the question of Russia's true capability, plus its aspirations a n d intentions, becomes ever more crucial. The success of any American counters trategy depends on a cool and accurate readirfg of the rival superpower. Needless to say, it would be foolhardy to underestimate Russia. It is less appreciated, however, that it can also be costly or worse to grossly overestimate Soviet capability, of which nuclear power is only one factor, and to jump fearfully , to melodramatic conclusions regarding Russian objectives. From the beginning of the cold war, the United States under both Democratic and Republican Presidents has frequently magnified Russian power out of all proportion to reality. The result has been some very expensive decisions, including all those billions that were hastily spent to close the nonexistent missile gap that John F. Kennedy campaigned against in the 1860 presidential race. Although Richard Nixon is the dean of cold warriors and built his career on professional anti- communism, it must be conceded that as President he has dealt with Moscow in a rational way. He has been friendly but f i r m , even lough (as in lha bombing of Haiphong where Russian ships were hit). It's hard to fault his judgment so far in figuring the Kremlin. NONETHELESS, H E is having trouble holding up his end of the superpower detente against a formidable combination that includes influential politicians like Sen. Henry Jackson (D-Wash.), labor leaders like George Meany, president of the AFL-CIO, ultraconservative Republicans and various liberals who are concerned over civil and human rights in Russia. Moreover, the President's problem is aggravated by the fact that a number of nonpolitical foreign policy professionals also have questions about detente because, like many veterans of the cold war, they still feel Russia is hellbent on conquering the world and will do so at the first opportunity. Ray Cline, director of studies at Georgetown University Center for Strategic Studies, is one who thinks that Mr. Nixon's promise of a "generation of peace" is being oversold to the public. Cline, who formerly was director of Intelligence and Research at the State Department and before that a top CIA official, believes expansionism is the name of the Russian game. The Soviet Union, Cline says, believes that the "correlation of forces" in the world -especially the reputed weakening of the United States as a result of its infernal economic and political problems -- will inevitably lead to the victory of Russian power. This is in line with the view of Foy Kohler, former U.S. ambassador to Moscow. "The standard Soviet line," says Kohler, "has been and continues to be that the 'real alignment of forces in the world arena has shifted against the United States.' " Granting that this is the Russian line, there is no law requiring the United States to swallow it, especially since it is unlikely that the Kremlin itself is foolish enough ·to believe it. As to the comparative power of Russia and the Uhited States, it can surely be demonstrated that America is superior in nearly every vital respect, including industrial capacity, skilled manpower, agriculture and, above all, technology. Even in nuclear development the United States is ahead of Russia. GEOGRAPHICALLY, t h e United Stales has incalculable advantages. 11 effortlessly dominates an entire hemisphere in which there is no hostile rival of any importance. To the north and south are Canada and Mexico; to the east and west are the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, bulging with American bases. On Russia's east is an angry, alienated China, the largest nation on earth and a growing nuclear power. On its western borders are a flock of restless, potentially rebellious satellites, several of whom have already broken away from Soviet domination. In Western Europe, Russia faces the nuclear- equipped NATO forces. In the Middle East, in a really major shift of power, Russia is being pushed out as the United States moves in. Ideologically, Russian communism has been a failure even in Africa and Latin America, so much so that further'efforts at penetration have largely been abandoned. The proposition that world power is shifting to an expanding Russia is mostly fantasy. If anythhg, Russian influence is contracting rather than expanding. It Is no l o n g e r the undisputed l e a d e r of the Communist world, as it was after World War II. It's time for the President and his secretary of state, Henry Kissinger, to put Russian power In perspective if they want to rally support in Ilia .United States for their delenle, (C) 1974, Los Angeles Times In Search Of One's Identity Genealogy, broadly, defined as the study of family, origins and history, was once" thought the exclusive province of snobi · searching for blue-blooded ancestors, Many persons who set family tree do indeed have such, a purpose in mind, Lately, though, genealogy has aroused - the interest of people from all walks of life. For some, it becomes a lifelong avocation. "Identity is what genealogy is all about," says -genalogy burr Michael Bobbins. "It may be especially important to Americans, most'of whom came from- somewhere else. It's a .way of finding out who you are. not in relation to time and space and some inner standard, but in relation to other people your people." Harold Hazellon, director of the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, believes that genealogy owes much of its current popularity to the national bicentennial. People who always vaguely thought that they.had an ancestor who was a close associate of George Washington or some other figure of the Revolution are feeling themselves challenged to find out whether it's true....' The genealogy boom is by no means c o n f i n e d to the United States. Membership in England's Genealogical Society has tripled in the past 17 years to 40,000 persons. And the Scots Ancestry Research Society, situated in Edinburgh, has a year-long waiting list of peopla willing to pay for its services. A M E R I C A N interest in genealogy .dates back to the early flays of British setlle- .. menl.-The class system in the colonies was at first as rigid as in the mother country, and families took great pains to descent. Virginia in particular was the cradle of U.S. genealogy for the Old Dominion's first' families considered themselves a planter aristocracy. The break with England brought a hew dimension to A m e r i c a n genealogy. N o w people were eager to "establish family ties with the heroes of the Revolution -- those who had signed the Declaration of Independence, the members o( the Boston Tea Party, and those who served in the military forces led by Washington. Americans intent on tracing " their encestry back to colonial times, or beyond, usually encounter a number of serious obstacles. The ships' lists from England then gave only the port from 'which the emigrant sailed, ·not the place from which h» came! Other documents have been lost or destroyed. In 1922, for example, rebels set fire to four courts in Dublin where Ireland's records of births and deaths were concentrated. BECAUSE OF their slave origins, black Americans find it especially difficult to construct a family tree. Nevertheless, a spokesman for the National Genealogical Society t o l d Editorial Research Reports, "more and rp' ·; blacks are becoming 'in'... 1 - ested" in genealogy. They may have been inspired in part by the quest o( Alex Haley, a black writer who managed, through diligence and luck, to trace his family origins to a village in Gambia. There a tribal elder recited the clan's oral history, which is handed down from generation to generation. When he told the story of a 16-year-old boy who had gone out to chop wood and never returned, Haley was convinced that he had at last learned the identity of his first slave ancestor. · Haley's successful search ' does much to explain genealogy's appeal. It is like taking part in a detective story with exciting and unexpected twists of plot. And if the end result Is to find that one Is descended from the Duke of Wellington, Nell Gwyn or John Milton, why, so much the better,

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