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INSIDE- Editoria! 4 For women ,-.- c . 6 Amusements ... 9 Sports .Â£........' 10-12 Comics ...-ffT...v..v... 20 Classified ..,..!......... 21-23 115th YEAR-NUMBER 34 The Public Interest Is The First Concern Of This Newspaper FAYETTEVIUE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, JULY 18, 1974 LOCAL FORECAST- Mostly fair and hoi Is In th* forecast for Northwest' Arkansas through Friday. Low last night 69 with lows tonight near 70 and highs Friday In the mid to upper 90s. Sunset today, 8:32. Sunrise Friday 6:14. Weather map on page 3. PAGES-TEN CENTS Lengthy Brief Filed By City Denies Clcdms In Taxpayers' Suit By JACK WALLACE TIMES Staff Writer Attorneys for the city of Fayetteville filed-a 68-page trial brief in Washington Chancery Court Wednesday in connect ion .with the lawsuit against the city by four Fayetteyille citizens. - .Â· The lengthy brief follows one filed earlier this-month by the plaintiffs in the case, T. C. Carlson Jr., Richard Mayes, John Mahaffey and Annellen Buehe. Chancellor Warren Kimbrough, hearing the case in place ol Chancellor Thomas Butt ^-- who disqualified himself because he Is a Fayetteville taxpayer -- requested that briefs be filed by the parties involved in the litigation. Kimbrough gave the plaintiffs 10 days to file their brief after completion of the court hearing June 26. After the plaintiff's brief was filed, the city then had a like period of time to file. The plaintiffs now have five days to file a rebuttal to the city brief before Judge Kirnb'rough takes the case under advisement. The suit, originally filed in No- vember of 1973, alleged wrongdoing on the/part of the city government in several areas, including the'five mill "voluntary tax," expenditures from certain funds and the lending of the city's credit to private enterprise. In. summarizing the city's brief, attorney. T i 1 d e a P. W r i g h t III said that "for the city as w e 11 as the taxpayers, the decision of this court is important. And, it is important that the decision be made after a full and complete brief of the facts and law crucial to both sides of the question. "It is basically the contention of the city that the petitioners have failed to meet their burden of proof in many areas of conflict . . . .the -city maintains, it has acted rightfully and without fraud or concealment in all matters, not just those now before the court, and that the law of this state and others will and should uphold the actions of the city." .-V : : - Â· ;Â·;. :.The brief goes on,""the pete tibn'e'rs instituted this litigation against the city by petition amend- ed. The allegations are numerous and range from allegations of unconstitutionally of municipal activities and actions to specific allegations of wrongdpingjon the part of municipal officers.. "It is important to keep in mind that the burden of proving all such allegations rests with the petitioners." The brief contends that every allegation by the plaintiffs can be defeated;by: applying any one or a combination of three factors: -- A failure to sustain the bur- den of proof through introduce:ion-of competent, clear and satisfactory evidence. -- A failure to overcome the presumptions of validity attaching to acts, ordinances, regulations and activities of state and local government- by competent evidence. -- The laws of this state do not authorize the relief sought, or even any relief' or remedy whatsoever, under the facts of the case as pleaded and, to the extent such was done, proved. The city's brief, in dealing with the allegations, sets out, step by step, what the charges are and its stand on each issue. The lenglhy brief includes an extremely large number of what city lawyers consider cases in point for the court's consideration while studying the issues. The basic points contained in the brief are: Voluntary Tax: Attorneys be- gin'by holing that the language set forth in the plaintiffs' briel begins with the broad assumption that the "voluntary" tax is unconstitutional and w i t h o u t statutory authority, but cites no section of the slate Constitution that prohibits the levy and collection of such a tax. The petitioners have said that live of the 16 mills of tax levied by the city are illegal and are requesting that the five mills be refunded to the citizens who paid the lax and that attorneys' fees be deducted from the rebate to the citizens. The brief contends that cities of the first class are allowed (CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO) St. Clair Sums Up Defense As Proposed Impeachment Articles Issued WASHINGTON (AP) White House lawyer . James St. Clair made his final argument in President Nixon's defense today to a House Judiciary Committee that has 'already received proposed articles for his impeachment. A working paper prepared by Rep. Jack Brooks, D-Tex., for the .committee's consideration, proposes seven articles charg- ing Nixon with violations of the Constitution and the laws of the United States. A draft of the articles was distributed, privately by Brooks to Democratic committee members. A copy, was obtained by The Associated Press. Brooks' major article Is a charge that Nixon obstructed justice by a series of actions that interfered with the investi- gation and prosecution of crimes growing out of the Watergate break-in and a cover-up and the burglary of the office of Daniel Ellsberg's doctor. St. Clair's summation, aimed at. establishing that Nixon was not involved in the Watergate cover-up or any other matters under investigation, brought the committee to the final stage of its impeachment- inquiry. Other articles . by Brooks charge Nixon with committing fraud in the filing of personal income taxes;-turning government funds to his personal use; violating the civil rights of citizens through wiretaps and illegal domestic surveillance activities; holding Congress in contempt by refusing to honor its subpoenas, and permitting others to make dishonest and mis- leading statemenls to Congress. Brooks' final article is a broad one staling that Nixon: 1 ... Unmindful of his oath of office, by his acts and behavior while serving as President of the United States, brought disgrace and. disrespect to the Office of tiie Presidency, failed to honor the Constitution of the United Stales and the laws enacted thereunder, imperiled CAPTURED .. .Knight bows his 'head as Tie (s led to police car Kidnaper Murders Florida After Ransom Paid Couple MIAMI,'FLA, '.(AP). r-A young abductor who was paid $50,0110 ransom by his -wealthy boss shot the executive and his wife to death-in their expensive car," "then 1 pleaded "Don't shoot." before surrendering to authorities, the FBI says. Slain were Sydney Gans, 64, owner of a prosperous paper bag company, and his 60-year- old wife Lillian, who had been held hostage by the gunman. Authorities said the man taken into custody was an employe of Cans' firm, but they knew of no animosity between the two. Â· ' . Police identifed the abductor as' Thomas Knight, 23, of Miami. He was charged with two counts of first-degree murder. FBI special Agent Ken Whittaker said of Gans: He decided he wanted to get the money and turn it over- to the gunmar because'he' was afraid about his wife." Gans rushed into a downtown ffiami : bank on Wednesday and oid the bank president that his vife was being held by a gunman. He said he needed $50,000. The bank officer'called the FBI nd Whittaker' and another gent rushed to the scene. Whittaker said Gans told iim the gunman was circling he block with Mrs. Gans in he couple's Marcedes-Benz. FBI SURVEILLANCE The FBI arranged for surveil- ance of the car being driven y Mrs. Gans while the gunman leld a semi-automatic carbine o her head, iWliitlaker said. Gans placed the $50,000 in a paper bag, left the bank and Was picked up by the abductor and Mrs. Gans. The three drove off. Interest Rate To Remain Clash Between Turks, Greeks Said Unlikely WASHINGTON (AP) - U.S. military officials believe an armed clash between Turkey and Greece over Cyprus is unlikely, despite military moves ay the Turks. They acknowledge, however, [here might be danger if the two rival countries should move to reinforce their small garri sons, currently totaling fewer than 1,000 men each on Cyprus Pentagon officials note thi Greek armed forces have no made any major moves sinci the new Cyprus crisis broke ou early this week. They als interpret Turkish . military actions so far as intended ti demonstrate their readiness am to show concern for the safet; and welfare of the Turkis 1 minority on Cyprus. The Turks threatened to in vade Cyprus during the las As Makarios Heads For U.N. such crisis in 1967, The United surances that under no circum- Junta Condemnation Sought LONDON (AP) - Armed vith promises of British support, Archbishop Makarios : lew off to New York today to ask the United Nations to condemn the Greek military junta 'or the coup that overthrew iim. Â· Â· He t o l d newsmen he had Britain's assurance it would not recognize the new military regime on Cyprus. ; "I was very satisfied with the talks I have had with the prime minister and the secretary of state," the bearded archbishop said of his meeting with Harold Wilson and James Callaghan, the British foreign minister. "I found a great degree of understanding and I appreciate the British attitude on-the situa- tin in Cyprus. "I appreciate their as- Washington said . they believed an armed clash between Greece and Turkey was unlikely. Joseph Sisco, President Nixon's special emissary, flew into the British capital for urgent talks with British Â· and Turkish leaders on the Cyprus crisis. On the Mediterranean island itself, the - Cyprus national guard pressed a massive manhunt for left-wing politicians and o t h e r s who supported Makarios. More than 1,000 persons have been arrested since the guard's Greek officers.led it in the revolt. Soldiers began house-to-house searches -in the capita: of Nicosia and other cities, towns and villages on Wednesday.* ' Turkish Premier Bulent Ece vit brought his defense and interior ministers to London, con ferred late Wednesday nighl with Prime, Minister Harolc WASHINGTON (AP) -- T h e presidents of three Fcdera Reserve banks predict mteres rates will remain high and un employment will rise in the fight against what one callet the worst peacetime inflation in the nation's history. They told the House Banking Committee Wednesday that in flatlon was at a dangerously high level, although not out o control, and said great sacrifices would be required to'beat it back. David P. Eastburn, president of the Â· Federal Reserve bank of Philadelphia, said: "We are in perhaps the worst peacetime inflation In our history. Unless we begin to unwind inflation, I am fearful of the consequences not only for t h e economy but for 'our entire social Eastburn, Alfred Hayes of the New York bank and John J. Ballcs of the San Francisco bank said government spending should be reduced to eliminate the proposed budget deficit for next year. They also said the Federal Reserve should further tighten Hie money supply. Air stressed that the historically .high interest rate level more than 12 per cent for b a n k s ' most creditworthy borrowers - was a symptom ol the inflation and not the cause. Eastburn said the. high interest likely will continue to choke off v inflationary demands for credit. He conceded, however, that the medium and low in come persons were the ones most hurt and that big business frequently could find credii Â· gomehow and just pass the cos 1 along to customers. Mrs. G a n s was forced to drive to a lonely wooded area in southwest Miami. The abductor then shot each In the head and fled into the underbrush as jolice and agents closed in on iim, authorities said. Some 200 lawmen converged on the scene and for some five lours used helicopters, a small plane, tracker dogs and tear gas to flush the gunman from lis swampy hideout. Finally, Dade County Police Sgt. Russ Kubik almost stepped on him as a seven-man patrol edged its way through waist- high weeds after lobbing tear gas grenades i n t o the undergrowth. "He was burrowed into sandy soil on 'his side," said Kubik. "I thought he might be dead. But I put my gun to his head and said, 'Get up, put your hands up.' " "Don't shoot." the man cried. Police said they found nearby the.$50,000 in ransom and the gun used to kill Gans and his wife. States and the United Nations worked out a political settlement at the time. In the United States, Secre- :ary of State Henry A. Kissinger canceled today's appearance before the House Foreign Relations Committee, which he was to brief about the recent Moscow summit. But Kissinger still intended to -fly, as .scheduled before the Cypriot crisis, to San Clemente, Calif., for a meeting with President Nixon. PENTAGON WATCHES Some of Turkey's recent moves have drawn close Pentagon attention. Eeports reaching the Defense Department say the Turks have loaded weapons on some ol t h e i r U.S.-built F100 fighter bombers and placed their pilots on one-hour alert. These planes are based in Incirlik in Southern Turkey, ah out 200 air miles from the Cypriot capital of Ni cosia. If the Turks should attempl to send forces into Cyprus, they most likely would use theii parachute brigade. The Turkisl air force has a small fleet o about 50 transport planes, in eluding U.S.-provided CISOs. U.S. military officers discoun the possibility that either Tur key or Greece could mount a major troop and tank invasion by sea. Neither country ha: Seven Die In Fire MARSHALL. Tex. (An) A ire which started in a storeroom of a farm house took the ives of seven members of the -.ee family today. Ages of the victims ranged from 80 years :o 11 months. more than about ships and craft. 20 landing Turkey outnumbers Greece ii military strength by abou 450,000 to 160,000 men. Their air forces are roughl, comparable, but the Turkis army has about a 2 to 1 advar tage in tanks over the Gree army. This would be a vita factor in any ground war. Wilson and Foreign Secretary 'ames Callaghan- and prepared o fly back to Ankara today or an emergency session of the Turkish parliament. There was no indication what' the British old him they would do to prevent t h e 1151000; Turkish Cy- jriots being brought' under Sreek rule. .' Â· Â· Â· Â· Â· Â· ' Â· " Both Makarios and Eceyit on their arrival in London 1 on Wednesday said they would seek the restoration of democracy to Cyprus by. peaceful means. But both made clear that they held the" ruling military junta in Athens responsible for Monday's coup. No more fighting was reported .on Cyprus. The rebellious National Guard and its Greek officers apparently were in.full control, and the Internationa' airport at Nicosia, the island's 'capital, reopened. today to regular traffic for the first time since the upheaval. The Cypriot rebels were reported building new defenses along the northern coast against attack from southern Turkey, 44 miles away. Reports from Turkey said 90.000 Turkish troops h a d been ordered to the south coast. Reports to the U.S. Defense Department said the Turks had armed some of their F100 lighter-bombers based in southern Turkey and put the pilots on a one-hour alert. Naval movements also were reported along the southern coast. But officials in Washington interpreted all this as a warning to Greece and the coup leaders and a demonstration of concern for the safety and welfare of the Turkish minority .on Cyprus. The minority lives in enclaves separate from the Greek Cypriot majority and was not affected by the fighting. lances are they going to recog- ize the so-called new regime mpbsed by the junta of Greece upon the people of Cyprus." "'he archbishop was expected to .ppear before the U.N. Security Council on Friday. Small power members of the U.N. Security Council were cir- :ulating a pro-posed resolution. 1 reportedly called for t h e withdrawal from Cyprus of the )ypriot national guard's Greek jfficers who led the coup. It also expressed opposition to an annexation of the island by Jreece, which is believed to be he object of the coup. While Makarios pressed his personal crusade Britain and he United Stales were trying ;o ease the threat of an armed confrontation between Greece and Turkey. But even though joth the easternmost members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization had put-their armed 'orces on emergency alerts, American military officials in Last Three Jail Escapees Recaptured The last three of four Washington County Jail prisoners who escaped early Monday morning were recaptured late Wednesday afternoon between Chester and Mountainburg while walking south along the railroad tracks. They offered no resistance. , John Boy Clark, 29. and John Denver McGowan, 30, both of Oklahoma City and David Earl ^^ NEWS BRIEFS Three Injured Three persons were treated and released at Si loam Springs Memorial Hospital Wednesday night following a two-car collision on Hwy. 12 one mile east of Gentry. The injured were identified as Mrs. Barbara McGuire, 20; Beth McGujre, 3, and Henry Smith 21, all of Route 1, Gentry. State Police said the accident occurred w h e n Smith, attempting to get a wasp out of his car, crossed the center line and his car struck the McGuire pickup head-on. Smith was charged with driving left of center. After London Tower Blast British Strengthen Security Measures LONDON (AP) --Â· British police put stronger security measures in force today after a bomb explosion in the Tower of London that killed one woman and injured 37 persons. The bomb blast was the fourth in England in four days, and police believed all were set by the Irish Republican Army. Guards were strengthened at places of entertainment and Â·government buildings. The public was warned to watch for letter bombs or abandoned parcels in railway and subway stations and car parks. Scotland Yard appealed to tourists who were taking pictures at the Tower around the time of the explosion to contact them' They were already studying a film taken by Joan Halgran, 29, from Minnesota, who said she saw a man running from the T o w e r within seconds of the explosion; The bomb went off at 2 p.m. Wednesday in a stone dungeon in the basement of the White Tower where a crowd of tourists - many of them foreigners - were looking at cannon and suits of armor. Many others had just left the building to watch the changing of the guard. Police said Dorothy Household, 47, of South London, was fatally injured. The wounded included four Americans and a family of five New Zealanders. Ten were in critical condition, but the Americans-identified as E d w a r d Klein. 27, from Missouri, and Christina Grille, 24; Jacky Ford, 27, and Shelagh Gray, 23, all of Boston, Mass. - were not among them. A'number of the injured were (CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO) Caverns Budget LITTLE ROCK (AP) -- A House appropriations subcommittee has added $900,000 to the U.S. Forest Service budget for the construction of visitor facilities at Blanch ard Springs Caverns (Stone County). Hep. Bill Alexander, D-Ark., said the subcommittee had taken the action at his urging. Get Electrical Shock Joe Henson, 19, of Winslow is in good condition at Washington Regional Medical Center after suffering an electrical shock Wednesday evening at Mexican Original, Hwy. 71 south- Fayelleville police said Henson received the shock as he was attempting to unplug a machine he was working with. Reinecke Defense WASHINGTON (AP) -- The defense in the perjury trial of California Lt. Gov. Ed Reinecke contends the Senate hearing transcripts which form the backbone of the government's case are inaccurate a n d "scotch-taped together." The jury was to hear a reading of the lengthy Iran scripts today as the trial goc; into its fourth day. Little Change The Arkansas weather fore cast should be copied in trip licate. The National Weather Servid said a high pressure controlling the state's weather is slabli and that winds are light, evei at the upper levels. This mean there will be little change in Arkansas weather during the next five days. Charges Filed OZARK, Ark. (AP) -- Deputy 'ros. Atty. David Cravens filed rst-degree murder charges Vednesday against William "ay Hancock, 23. of Cecil Franklin County) in the death if Hancock's wife. Franklin County authorities aid the body of Sheila Hancock. 16, was found Wednesday n the attic of an old school at Cecil after Hancock turned limself over to authorities. O f f i c e r s said she apparently had been strangled Tuesday. The body was sent to Fort Smith for an autopsy. Leading Search AUSTIN, Tex. (AP) - Chair nan Jim Langdpn of the Texa Elailroad Commission s a i d to lay the state is leading the na Ion's search for oil and gas The commission once again se he statewide oil allowable a 100 per cent. Texas has been on wide-ope production since April 1972. Langdon cited numerous sta tistics to show the search fo oil is on the upswing in Texa in an effort to cope with energ shortages. Livestock Loans WASHINGTON (AP) - A emergency program aulhorizin government guarantees of up I 80 per cent on private loan to livestock producers has wo final congressional passage an been sent to President Nixon. Tapes Stolen Harold Christy of 2331 S School Ave. told police at 5:2 p.m. Wednesday that somcon had taken a tape carrier an 17 tapes from his car betwee 1 and 2 p.m. HmmimKniiMmniwinnnHira! to $20,000. owers, 33, of 1233 S. School ve., were captured by sheriff's iputies from Washington and rawford counties. Washington County Sheriff ill Long said this morning that ; had received reports of the ree being in the area and had sked the Crawford County leriff's office to assist his men watching the railroad track, eputies were waiting when the icn came along the tracks. Long said he had received eports earlier that the three ad been seen in the Winslow rea, but that a search failed find them. CAUGHT ABOUT 5 p.m. The men were captured at bout 6 p.m. and returned to IB Washington County Jail at bout 7:30 p.m. A fourth escapee, Larry Launch. 25, of 111 S. School Ave., the civil liberties of the American people, and attempted to undermine the legislative and judicial branches of government, thereby jeopardizing thÂ» constitutional system of government in which the people of the United Slates have placed their trust." FINAL SENTENCE All of Brooks' articles conclude with the sentence;: "Wherefore, Richard M. Nixon, by such conduct; warrants impeachment and trial for removal from office." The committee is scheduled to receive the basic articles being drafted by its staff in secret briefing sessions starting Friday. Brooks' draft has been submitted to the staff as well, for its consideration. Minority Counsel Albert Jen- ncr, .who is assisting special counsel John Doar in drawing up the articles to be given to the committee..said the articles are not yet ready. Jenner said he and Doar are not satisfied with the preliminary draft prepared by the staff and want further work on them before presenting them to (lie committee. Jenner declined to call the proposals to be submitted articles of impeachment. He said they would more aptly be described as "area's of possibility" on which the committee will have to make the final de. cision. ' The proposals will serve as the basis for the committee's deliberations next week. Chairman Peter W. Rodino Jr.. D-N.J., rejected the charge made by some Republicans that Doar was abandoning the objective, nonpartisan stance he has maintained throughout the ira- p e a c h m e n t proceedings i n drawing up proposed articles. "He is not advocating a position," Rodino said in an interview. "He is saying to ths committee, 'Here are theories that apply to the ease and hera are the f a c t-s that support them.' " Doar also denied that he was assuming the role of a prosecutor by presenting such theories. Doer's presentation will take at least two days and Rodino has set aside Monday for that purpose, if it is needed. Final deliberations are to start Wednesday. MAY BE TELEVISED The debate and voting in tha committee may be televised. House leaders reportedly havo reconsidered an earlier decision to resist changing the Housa policy against televised committee meetings and are planning to seek a House vole on the issue. A c c o r d i n g to Rodino's 'as recaptured Tuesday afler- oon by a deputy sheriff while valking in a wooded area about ive miles west of Fayetteville. The four escaped by breaking ive bars out of a cell window nd crawling over a false citing to an outside window. Long said that repairs to the ail, including the barring of the utsidc window used in this and i previous escape on June 25, verc completed Wednesday. Charges Filed Against Four Charges of illegal manufac- ure of a controlled substance marijuana) were filed Wednesday in Washington Circuit Court against four persons. The char- ;es are in connection with a arge marijuana patch found Monday afternoon near Baldwin. Those charged are identified as Edmond Langbein, Tracey Sfeff, Woodrow A. Russell and Terry Russell, all believed to be from Springdale. Several thousand growing plants, along with 15 to 20 pounds of processed marijuana and several other items were found at a house and a half- acre patch located 1,3 miles south of Baldwin. Value of the marijuana was placed at $15,000 planning, a committee final vote on its recommendation of impeachment could come July 27 or July 29. House leaders arc hoping to start debate on the House floor in mid-August arid to complete it in about two weeks. The committee moved Into the summation phase after hearing its last witness Wednesday, Nixon's former personal lawyer Herbert W. Kalmbach. He described his role in a $3 million dairy campaign pledge and in arranging ambassadorships. Some members said later Kalmbach testified he did not discuss with Nixon any of his activities under investigation, including the raising of alleged hush money for Watergata defendants. Kalmbach, serving a 6- tc- 18-month jail sentence for violating campaign fund-raising laws and offering ambassadorships to Nixon campaign contributors, told of receiving a $100,000 offer for Nixon's campaign from J. Fife Symington, who was ambassador to Trinidad-Tobago but who hoped to receive an ambassadorship to a European country. Rep. Charles E. Wiggins, R- Calif., said Kalmbach called then White House chief of staff H.R. Haldcman, who was out, and relayed the offer to Lawrence Higby, a Haldeman aide. Higby called back shortly and said "The word is go. Lock it up, Another presidential aide blocked t h e appointment, Wiggins said.