Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on July 15, 1974 · Page 4
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Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 4

Fayetteville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Monday, July 15, 1974
Page 4
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Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest Is The First Concern Of This Newspaper 4 · MONDAY, JULY 15, 1974 Insider Accuses FEA Of Doing Lousy Job Pie (Or Sludge) In The Sky "Waste water utilization," to hear its exponents tell it, is a handy, economical cure for every town's sewage disposal problems. Theoretically, in fact, it can be placed in operation and run for 30 years at a net zero cost to the fortunate and farsighted municipality opting for its benefits. Of course, that's an optimum performance. A great many contributing factors must be considered, not the least of which is topography and geology of the potential use site. There is considerable question as to whether the system represents a viable option in Northwest Arkansas. Maybe yes -- but maybe no, also. This question developed into a mini-debate a few nights ago between John Marsh, a professional sanitary engineer from Norman, Okla., and Fayetteville consulting engineer L. M. McGoodwin. Marsh, on hand at an assemblage of Ozark Society and Illinois River Property Owners Association members, reported on the "utilization" system. He recently engineered such a system for Norman, Okla., and hence has a practical as well as theoretical foundation for his remarks. According to Marsh, waste water (sewage) can either be treated and discharged into a stream, or treated and discharged on the land. He explains that disposal of waste \vater containing significant amounts of nutrients (which is the case after secondary treatment, which is the general state of the technology presently existing in most Arkansas communities) eventually fouls the water through increased growth of algae. On the other hand, waste water used for irrigation purposes supplies needed nutrients to the soil and results in increased agricultural yields. The capper, according to Marsh, is that the cost of the latter system is far less than that of the former. So far, so good. But engineer McGoodwin, long associated with water and waste disposal projects in Arkansas, dissents on several crucial points. He expresses doubts that large holding ponds needed in the "utilization" system can be made to work in this area due to the nature of soil and sub-soil. He notes the difficulty of building reservoirs of any size in the area in question. Mr. Marsh agrees as to the importance of this factor in a consideration of the system as a viable alternative, but he suggests that competent engineering studies, along with assessment of agricultural application and compatibility with municipal facilities might provide a clearer overall picture of advantages, disadvantages and technical feasibility. Some question is also raised as to the psychological acceptance of waste water utilization in agriculture. It is agreed that it might not be immediately acceptable in tomato production. But, with cattle production as the primary agricultural tenant on Northwest Arkansas land, this probably should not be regarded as a major obstacle. As of this writing, the state Health Department has not ventured an official position on the practice of "utilization.". However, with foreseeable pressure for recycling, and the apparent advantages in reclaiming valuable nutrients through land disposal of waste water, it is not unthinkable by any means that this affords a potential plus for environmental protection compliance. It could be a plus, too, in getting up near the head of the line in gaining federal assistance for the waste disposal package that'll be needed in the next decade. As citizen McGoodwin warns, this may not be applicable to Northwest Arkansas. He concedes, nonetheless, that tertiary treatment --· which appears to be the presently most plausible scheme -- is enormously expensive, and he admits that obsolescence tends to catch up with each new waste water treatment facility almost as fast as it is built. There is in this confession a seed of promise for the alternative, it seems to us. Tertiary is a considerable waste of resources, whereas utilization, as its name implies, is a means of turning waste water into a functional asset. From Oar Files; How Time Flies What ° thers Say 10 YEARS AGO A recent housecleaning of the city's sewage disposal plant has provided temporary relief to the problem of adequately treating raw sewage. Water Superintendent Carl Smith said this morning that city employees had removed "several wheel barrows full" of snail shells from inside the. tanks and lines. Approximately 50 persons, protesting what they termed so VEARS AGO Arkansas is leading the entire field at the R.O.T.C. summer camp at Fort Snelling, Minn., according to word received hero Monday from one of the students in the camp. The Winslow Chamber of Commerce meets weekly, which makes for a live organization. The organization has joined the Ozark Playground Association, 100 YEARS AGO Fron the proceedings in today's paper of the meeting of the District Council held at Elm Springs on Saturday last, it will · be seen that a strong effort is to be made to establish a woolen factory in Benton County and a factory for the manufacture of Agriculture Implements in Washington County. Let the Grangers and everybody else in the two counties, put the ball in motion, and keep "unfair" speed limits and arrests, attended a meeting of the Cave Springs Town Council last night. The town recently hired a marshal to stop teen dra'g- racing, but few youths are among the many being fined. The Springdale school board last night in a regular meeting accepted the resignation of high school principal Ehren Fritz. and has established a tourist camp ground. Tom Carter, alleged bank robber of the Prairie Grove National Bank entered a plea of not guilty at an arraignment before Judge W. B. Smith this afternoon and was bound over to the October term of Court. Bond was fixed at $5,000, but according to reliable sources Carter will be free tonight. it rolling until these enterprises are placed in successful operation. The cry comes up from every part of the country that we need rain very badly. Unless we have rain soon it is feared that the corn crop will be short. P.S. -- The cry has been answered since the above was in type. A glorious rain has visited UK and the crops are all right. So you see there is nothing like a "cry coming up!" They'll Do It Every Time WET CELLAR SUSSESTIONS WAY TO FIX A WETCeOAR? m B1G SPOM3ES IH THE tOW 'SPOTS. 1 HOUSE PUKING A 6P£LU Of PRY WEATHER H'MMM-KCW A80WAPRAIN A6E PITCH AH- AROUNPTH6 HOUSE? THAN MOPPIMS IT w WHAT SAY? PUFR6B, a WISEST, NO WAY TO PEACE Secretary .of State Henry A. Kissinger had added an oak .leaf cluster to his Nobel Peace Prize but it will be a strong peace indeed that holds up under the tremendous concentration of weaponry that exists in the Middle East. The Arab nations, and presumably Israel as well, are better armed and better equipped than they were before the October war, despite the fantastic expenditure of military wherewithal in that conflict. This is because, as some observers have pointed out, much of the equipment lost in the war was obsolescent or second line and the replacement material is spanking new and of the latest type. In the massive air and sealift carried out by Russia in the course of the war, Egypt received 600 late-model tanks. 100 MIG-2I jet fighters, an d 30 SAM-3 and SAM-G missile batteries, among other military goodies. Syria received 800 tanks (making her stronger in that category than France), 100 jets, 15 SAM missile batteries and other weapons. There is also a tremendous secondary arms market within the Arab world, thanks to the unlimited funds commanded by the oil-rich members. According to Ihe London Times, Libya has given nearly $100 million worth of arms, training and cash to various Palestinian terrorist groups. Saudi Arabia, which has subsidized Egypt's wars with Israel to the tune of a billion or so, has concluded a deal wilh France: 5.6 billion barrels of crude for Mirage jet fighters, tanks, missile launchers, minesweepers, you name it. Arabia Felix, the Romans called the peninsula. Happy Arabia. No slugabed in this business, the United States will deliver a consignment of F5E Freedom Fighters to Saudi Arabia this spring, making things even happier. Iran, a non-Arab state and long-time recipient of U.S. military aid. will receive 30 F- 14 Tomcat fighters beginning in 1976. Why Iran needs one of the most advanced planes in the iworld at a cost of $14 million per copy is a good question. Perhaps the Persians still r e m e m b e r t h e devastation wrought against them by the hordes of Genghis Khan. Iran will also buy some Leopard tanks from West Germany. Happy Iran. This is only the sketchiest outline of the arms situation in the Middle East -- a situation created by and fostered by the United States, the democracies of Europe and the Soviet Union, to their mutual antl collective shame. -- The Altus (Okla.) Times-Democrat By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON -- A scathing internal memo has accused the Federal Energy Administration of neglecting the poor, the elderly and the disadvantaged whom it had pledged to help. The Special Impact Office, which was supposed to help hardship victims with their energy problems, was "created merely for political expediency," the memo charges. The explosive memo catalogues alleged examples of the creeoin.a lethargy. Here are the highlights: --Before a scheduled appearance at a Senate Aging Committee hearing, federal energy czar John Sawhill called t h e Special Impact Office to find out what they were doing for the elderly. The answer, according to the memo, was "nothing." Sawhill's office instructed the hardship experts to start some program he could tell the Senate about. The memo calls Sawhill's subsequent . testimony about how his agency ' was helping the elderly "a display of political manipulation of fact and intent." -- A -survey was ordered of federally funded transportalion systems that serve the elderly. It was supposed to be com- The Washington Merry-Go-Round plotcd by May 15, but Special Impact deputy chief Curlis Jcncs told us the results are still coming in. In any event, the survey doesn't coyer independent systems, which arc more likely than federal systems to be cut back as a result of the energy pinch. - -- Jones boasted that O p e r a t i o n Harvest. a n emergency program to help migrant workers obtain gas during the shortage, was "precedent setting." But the memo alleges that "the relief strategy, such as it was, was announced on Aprii 4, over a monih after the original petition. In the interim, the Arab oil embargo had been lifted and supply of gasoline to all -- including migrants -ceased to be a major obstacle." · -- The gas shortage caused many personal tragedies th'at were ignored by the Special Impact Office. A paraplegic, for example, pleaded for help in finding a reliable source of gasoline. His special automobile was his only form of transportation. Every time he needed to use the washroom, he had to drive all the way home w h e r e he had specially equipped facilities. Yet as of this writing, his letter hasn't even been answered. Concludes the memo: "Unfortunately, the most pathetic and needy element of the population looks to our office for relief and is met with palliatives and political verbiage." The fate of the memo, written by Susan Silver, now resigned, itself illustrates how the new, mushroom Federal Energy Administration, has already developed into a bureaucratic bog. Ms. Silver t o l d us the memo was supposed to go to energy director Sawhill, but he never got it. - She then tried to make an. appointment with the director, but was twice turned down, slipped the memo to Mrs. Sawhill, her former college professor. Thus, the energy czar finally got the message, ca]led the author and promised action. A new director of Special Impacts has'now been appointed and she has contacted Ms. Silver to discuss the p o i n t s raised in the memo. Footnote: Jones told us the Master Of The Moose Call State Of Affairs Russian Relations Slow To Change By CLAYTON FRITCHEY W A S H I N G T O N -- The postmortem on the Moscow summit meeting (SALT II) goes on and on. Yet after being pawed over and chewed over the chief impression to emerge is that things haven't changed m u c h since the Eisenhower- Khrushchev summit of 15 years ago. Thanks to the secret memoirs of the late Russian leader, we now know that there was a brief moment of genuine candor between Nikita Khrushchev and former President Dwight Eisenhower when the former visited the American leader in 1959 and spent a weekend with him at Camp David. The forthright Ike took his powerful guest for a private v/nlk, during which he brought up in a personal w a y the question of controlling defense expenditures and slowing the arms race. In his disarming ivay, Ike frankly told Khrushchev that every time he tried to cut the defense budget he futind himself backing down because his belligerent military advisers warned h i m that the Russians were developing new weapons and were on the point of achieving arms superiority. Khrushchev, tongue in cheek, told Ike that he himself laid down the law about the defense budget and that was it. Really? No. not really. The Soviet leader said his generals always countered him w i t h alarming tales of new U.S. weapons that were about to make Russia a second-rate power. Then what? To tell th etruth, Mr. K. told the President wilh a rueful laugh, he, too, always backed down in the end. THE TWO LEADERS felt there must be some way of reining in their militarists. There was vague talk of doing something more about It during the return summit of I960, when Eisenhower was scheduled to visit Russia but never got there because the young detente was smashed by the U-2 incident, involving secret U.S. aerial surveillance of the Soviet Union. The dominance of t h e military arid the "Hawks" in g e n e r a l had not greatly changed in 1972 when Richard Nixon became the first U.S. President to visit Moscow. Politically, t h a t summit meeting established a detente that still has some momentum, but in the sector of strategic arms limitation (SALT) it produced a limited five-year interim agreement on the control of offensive nuclear missiles. Anyone who has read "Cold D a w n , ' ' John Newhouses's brilliant and authoritative inside account of SALT I, knows that the most critical problem for the Administration right up to the summit was not so much its negoliatons with the Kremlin as its negotiations with the Pentagon and Vis hard-lining supporters in trying to establish a united U.S. position. There is good reason to think that the Politburo also has similar difficulties with its own Hawks. THIS TIME AROUND, the internal differences in both countries have been more obvious. So much so that Dr. Henry Kissinger, now a somewhat frustrated and understandably impatient secretary of state, frankly says that before a more ambitious arms accord can be reached both sides will "have to convince their military establishments of the benefits of restraint, and that docs not come easily to. either side." Sen. J. W. Fulbright (D-Ark.), chairman if the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, put it even more bluntly. He charges that Hawks in Congress and the military have exploited P r e s i d e n t Nixon's domestic weakness to undermine the Soviet-American detente. "Our own military," he says, "is the principal obstacle" in the path of further strategic arms limitations agreements with Moscow. Asked if he thought the Russians had taken advantage of Mr. Nixon's Watergate vulnerability, Ful- briaht said, "Well, I rather think that his weakness is exploited more by our own. what we call Hawks -- I mean the military and some leaders in Congress -- than it is by the Russians." Some of the American critics of detente, it ig true, are claiming credit for limiling the results of the latest summit. The ultra conservative weekly, Human Events, says, "Precisely because of his precarious position, the President refused to enter a chancy arms limitation accord which might have roused ferocious c r i t i c i s m at home and strengthened the hand of the pro-impeachment forces." Mr. Nixon and Dr. Kissinger arc seen as having "played it sate" because senators like Harry Byrd (I-Va.) and James Buckley (C-R-N.Y.) "vigorously pact." warned both men before they left for Moscow that the Congress, .this time around, was not about to supinely acquiesce to an unfavorable nuclear C r e d i t f o r "blocking a n y Defense James Schlesinger. dangerous, overt concessions" is also given to Secretary of raised in Moscow. "What in the Maybe Dr. Schlesinger is the man to anszcr that last heartfelt question Dr. Kissinger raised in Moscow, hat in filename of God," lie asked, is strategic superiority? What is the significance of it? What do you do wilh it?" (C) 1974, Los Angeles Times Special Impact Office had to be "a firefighter" during the worst of the energy . crisis, which created problems. But now,. he said, the dfifce can concentrate more on substantive, long-range programs. PRESIDENTIAL ODDS: Our own exclusive pollster, t h e preeminent Las Vegas odds- maker Jimmy the Greek, has computed for us his predictions o n the 1976 presidential nominee.- By his careful calculations, Sen Ted Kennedy, D-Mass., is favored at 7 to 5 odds, with Sen. Henry Jackson, D-Wash., close behind at 3 to 1 odds. The others, in descending order, are Sen. Walter Mondale, D-Minn., 7 to 1; Sen. L l o y d . Bentsen, D-Tex., 7 to 1; Alabama's Gov. George Wallace, 15 to 1: Sen. Ed Muskie, D-Me., 15 to 1; Sen. Hubert Humphrey. D-Minn. 15 to 1; North Carolina's former Gov. Terry Sanford 20 to 1; Sen. Frank Church, D-Idaho, 20 to 1, Sargent Shrivef, 30 to 1; Arkansas Gov. Dale Bumpers, 50 to 1; Rep. Morris Udall, D- Ariz., 50 to 1; Illinois Gov. Dan Walker, 75 to 1. The odds will change, ot course, as the political winds shift. Footnote: In Jimmy s opinion, (he best bet as a dark horsa candidate is Sen. Bentsen. BEST BOOKS: Every year, hundreds of books come across our desks. Many are so worth reading that, from time to tim«, we will bring them to the attention of our readers. Here ar» our current nominations: -- "Dirty Business," by v e t e r a n muckraker Ovid Demaris, is truly a superb investigative report that ought to be read - by everyone who is concerned about the country. -- "All the President's Men," by the Washington Post's crack reporters Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward, is a compelling chronicle of the skull-duggery a n d . deceit investigative reporters must overcome, a ringing defense of press freedom and a detective story of the first dimension. -- "Spy-Counterspy" is a fascinating true-life tale by " Dusko Popov, who reportedly was the model for Ian F l e m i n g ' s James Bond. Britain's Official Secrets Act prevented the World War II double agent from telling his story until now. From Tfie Readers' Viewpoint In Retrospect To the Editor: It appears in retrospect ttiat a decisive factor in the recent victory of Governor Bumpers over Senator Fulbright probably w a s the campaign-funding views of the contestants. The Governor appears to have followed a policy of limiting individual contributions, out-of- state donations and participation of special interests, while the Senator frankly and openly accepted any and all honorable, legitimate, financial support, like always. Conscience Free! Thanks to the prevailing cll- male of Watergate and associated corruption, including virtual sale of public office to special interests, reaching a climax under Richard Nixon, th» voters reaction was predictable, at least to the advisers of tha Governor. But what was not predictable, and surely was most unfair and unjust, was the; seeming popular conclusion that this reflected upon the capacity and the merit, if not the honor, of the Senator. Actually nothing could be further from the truth. The real reason for the remarkable sucr cess of the (backfiring) finan- 'cial aspects of the Fulbright campaign, as most wiser analysts now agree, was not because wealthy contributors loved Fulbright more; but because they saw his success as the only sure way to avoid the succession of Senator Proxmire to the Chairmanship of the Senate Banking Committee. They foresaw, as now seems certain, advancement of their man, Senator Sparkman of Alabama, to replace Senator Fulbright on the more prestigious Chair of Foreign Relations, thereby opening the Banking Chairmanship to independent, consumer-orientated, anti-arms squandering, Senator Bill Proxmire of Wisconsin! Potential Wrecking of a long and profitable relationship! So, re-elect Fulbright, keep Sparkman in Banking and make. Proxmire squirm in a back seat for another six years! Well, it didn't work. Now Fulbright retires and Foreign Relations suffers the disaster of change from enlightened lead-, ership to comparative non-leadership, at the worst possible time for every living person. Sparkman is of the Southern ' Conservative persuasion that still sees Foreign Policy from the Pentagon (Gun Barrel) viewpoint, and so is likely to act accordingly, irrespective of all else. The ONLY bright spot, then, is that gutsy, enterprising, l i b e r a l , William Proxmire moves into a position of power where he can, and surely will, promote the Interests of the average citizen, and thereby the public interest, against the domination of Big Money! By no means enough to offset the loss of Fulbright, and the disaster of Sparkman in Foreign Relations, but better than no gain at all. Fayettc villa Reuben R. Thomas

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