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The Press Eats, Drinks Impartially FAYETTEVILLE, ARKANSAS, SUNDAY, JULY 14, 1974 At The University Of Arkansas Two Presidents Named Bishop From 1 all accounts the "press parly" at The Farmer's Daughter restaurant last weekend was a delight. Fayelleville's newest dining establishment popped champagne corks and distributed a variety of appetizers trom the menu. With the "press," of course, free champagne and eats invariably win at least a smattering of applause. The real test conifcs when it is time for the "press" to pony up a few ink- stained bills for a night out. If you spot anyone with dirty knuckles and a pencil behind their ear out that way the proof will indeed be in the apple pudding. (RIE). I am reminded therein of Gov. Dale Bumpers' recent twitting of the state press for accepting wine-and-dine blandishments from special Interests at its convention. The press would never stand for politicians receiving the same, he observed. I dissent from the governor's analysis on a couple of points. The press isn't involved in the allocation of public Funds, for one thing, and editors do not hold elective office. Responsibilities are not fully comparable, therefore. ; The governor's not the first to raise this question, though. ;The press is at least as misunderstood as it is mistrusted. The aged rule covering the situation, for Mr. Bumpers' benefit, is that .while .wining and dining a politician may well inflate his ego and sway his sympathy, the newsman drinks to forget, By LINDA DOBKINS TIMES Staff Writer The coincidence that the University of Arkansas has had two presidents, exactly 100 years apart, named Bishop, is an interesting if not very good spring board for comparing now and then. The name of Dr. Charles E. Bishop hired away from the University of Maryland this summer to succeed Dr. David Mullins, rings a bell to those familiar with the University's early history. Gen. A. W. (Albert Webb) Bishop, president of the Uni versity from 1873 10..1895, was a New York . native, a Yale graduate, a lawyer, a lieutenan colonel in the First Arkansas Federal Cavalry volunteers and combatant in the battle of Fayclteville, 1863. He was also Arkansas adjutant general, and be first treasurer of the first Board of Trustees. In that latter capacity he was asked to search for a new University president in 1873. He found a man at Iowa Stale College of Agriculture but the citizens of Ames. Iowa refused to lei their president leave, and so General Bishop himself was named president Bishop was known . for his business-like way of doing things -- considered a great benefit to a struggling insti lution. He was also considered to be effective in dealing with t h e federal . government . e r h a p s because of his obvious Jnion sympathies at a time vhcn that kind of political alle- Jance still mattered very much. , TROUBLED ROLE General Bishop apparently worried a great deal that the University- then the Arkansas Industrial University -- had not tally shouldered its responsibilities to teach agricultural ami the mechanical arts as required for federal aid. The University had other problems, not the least of which was finances. Appropriations hj the state were paid in scrip which WHS worth as little a! 31 cents on the dollar at times. These financial troubles held up construction on Old Main eferred to as The University it the time, and in the end ed to General Bishop's resig- lalion. After being hired at S'1.000 a year, the president's salary fell to $2,700 a year due o the stale's poverty. In his closing 'address. Bishop complained about the school's meagre and unsatisfactory appliances" as well as the lowered salaries. Politics in the stale in 1874 were about as unsettled as at any time except during the Civil War Early in. 187-1, the slale had two governor! quarreling over the position one of whom saw fit to rair the University cadet corps armory ant! take its arms for the fight in Little Rock. SEEN AS KEY General Bishop saw the University and the education it could offer as the key to Arkansas becoming a richer, more progressive stale than she was in 1877. And he laid a good deal of the responsibility for nainlaining the quality of the University at the feet of the community. Bishop noted the poverty ol Hie slate and asked why it hat not seen the progress of olhei areas of the country. "It nevci will," he answered, "until the education of the people is pul in the forefront of the effort.' The University is "the germ o a new existence for Arkansas.' he said in his farewell address T h e address continues "Washington County ha s jjcured the location of this Uni-! 'crsity. All honor to the enterprise of her citizens for that. Jut her watchfulness has just egun. It will avail very little simply to have even so magnifi- cient'an edifice as this. "The building alone will lever justify the builders. It nust crown this hill, not with he solemn grandeur of a jarren conception, or with thai order or education which cultni- jiales in ah 'academy or high school; but'with the training of the college and the university. UNIVERSITY SPIRIT To the community; Bishop said, "There , should grow up here a spirit so conspicuously seen in the older umvcr5.il towns of the country and around professo? and sttrfwrt hould never cease to be throwa he genial and inspiring irt- lucnce that tells them .that even the boys in the streets are Iheir friends and that Ins town at all times and under all circumstances is a .utiit, when the welfare of the University is at stake." Â· '.. Dr. Charles Bishop's problems tvill spring from many sources in the now-sprawling University system, and at first glance-may not bear very much comparison to General Bishop's struggles with his 350-odd students in their shining, new building. But problems of police's; finances, public support, and securing quality educators d"i''t really change -- the wording's just different. ' Home Closing Costs Confusing, Painful and eats hungry. only because he is IN FAIRNESS I should mention that The Farmer's Daughter isn't the only new dining .establishment to make the summer scene in these parts. Over 'on Holiday Island, The Barn 'Steakhouse is proving popular with Ihe Northwest Arkansas 'crowd, as well as vacationers in the Beaver Lake-upper Table Rock Lake area. By JACK WALLACE TIMES Staff Writer Chief Justice Warren Burger of the U.S. Supreme Court, who recently complained publicly that closing costs often exceed $1,000 to homebuyers, should try buying a home in Fayelte- ville, where costs are close to $1,300. Burger recently sided with consumers on the issue in speech to the American Bar Association when he chided lawyers for not acting to simplify and cut costs of home purchase transaclionst The elosirfe cosls Burger was referring to include such things as legal fees, title search, sur vey fees and appraisal fees, as well as a multitude of other fees. Such fees are usually required in .advance, in cash along with the down paymen and before any loan for thr balance is granted. Fayelteville, however, is mill compared to some easier: areas such as thai around Bal Island complex motel, marina, golf course, and vacation village. With the lake near the top of its power pool, water is an abundant part of the rugged scenery up around Holiday Island and the drive by way of Beaver is worth the trip for those who haven't had a chance to visit that way the last year or two. I don't want to be guilty of recommending extravagant consumption of. gasoline -- you can eat whatever you like on The . Farmer's; Daughter menu cheaper than you can drive to Holiday Island, and help save gasoline in the bargain -- but the Barn is an attractive alternative if you have out-of-town guests. And The Barn is further enhanced by continuous live entertainment on the country-folk- bluegrass:music order,' Tuesday through ; Saturday. Anthony Armstrong Jones, a Conway Twitly protege, was on hand last week.'There's no cover on timore, Md., where, In som exclusive . neighborhoods, cost exceed'SS.OOO. EXPERTS CONTACTED The TIMES contacted a rea tor. the owner of an abstrac firm and a loan expert in a effort to- gain a specific cos breakdown are called figures obtained are based o the purchase of a 30.0M) horn with the aid .of a 95 per cen loan from a savings and loa on the items tha closing costs. Th firm. The costs included in th study are .those which only th buyer must always pay. Hm ever, in some instances th seller will pass on to the buy his costs of selling the horn As Long As The Tourists Keep Coming Doors Stay Open At Greenwood Jail $30,000 home this could mount to as much a: $1,800, Kich would further boost the ice to the buyer), termite in- ection, etc. A savings and loan institution ill charge a buyer a'two per nt discount, in this case $570. le discount is based on the rincipal amount of the mort- age ($28,500 following a $1,500 own payment). DISCOUNT RATE What the discount amounts to j this: if a lending firm wants o make 10 per cent interest on s loan, it migh tcharge a two er cent discount in advance ,d then handle the remainder f the note at eight per cent n addition, the firm may harge an origination fee of one er cent, or in this case $57, or simply handling the loan. If the lending institution is o loan more than 80 per cent rf the appraised value, mort- age insurance must be ob- ained to secure the institution's money. This item amounts to one half of one per cent (.5 jer cent) of the note, or $142.50. n order to obtain the mortgage nsTirance, the buyer must pay a $20 "spot"' appraisal fee to he insuring firm. Speaking of insurance, the first year's homeowners insurance premium, $120. must be paid in advance. An appraisal of the property will cost the buyer about $50. This is in addition to the "spot" appraisal mentioned earlier. ABSTRACT REQUIRED An abstract, costing about $70, which researches the history of the chain of title as far back as records permit must be prepared. Part of the reason for an abstract is to insure that there are no heirs or a previous owner who may attempt to lay claim to the By FAUNE CONNER In Greenwood, they keep the doors to the jail open from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. daily and from 1 to 5 p.m. on Sundays. Visitors are free to wander in and out jecause here there are no locked cells, dangerous criminals or armed guards. The jail at Greenwood is actually the South Sebastian County Historical Museum .and the relics Inside are as old or older than the egendary jail .itself. The former county jail with its thick stone walls and heavily barred windows, which lias served as a museum since 1964 was built in 1892 by Judge W.E Blythe. The old jail stands on he ground occupied by two previous county jails which were both destroyed by fires set by defiant outlaws. This third jail saw its share of exciting times, too, because it was used during the days Sebastian County was bordered by Indian Territory. Greenwood is localed only 10 miles southeast of Fort Smith which was headquarters for the U. S. District Court of Western Arkansas from- 1872 to 1896. Just west of Fort Smith and across the Arkansas River was Indian Territory, 74,000 square mites of land that was home a Indian tribes, desperadoes seeking safety from the law and a few brave settlers. Judge Isaac C. Parker of Fort Smith; the infamous "Hanging Judge." was charged with bringing law and order to the territory and through his courtroom passed more than 9,000 defendants who were cilher convicted or pleaded guilty. VIOLENCE FLARED Unfortunately, Greenwood, because of its proximity to Forl Smith, caught' much of Hie overflow of violence during Ihe frontier era and more than once the town's jail was filled lo ca pacity. The two-story jail hat Iwo rooms on its upper floor. ne for women prisoners and he other-tor .men. Today four of the iron bars covering-.the ail windows show marks of reinforcement, 'proof that several ong-ago prisoners tried to saw their way lo freedom. The Grenwood jail . often came, under attack when no- ;orious outlaw gangs were on trial in Fort Smith -- thieves and murderers such as Belle Starr, Ned Christie, Cherokee Bill, the Daltons, the Youngers and the Bucks. Gang members still at large would come to Freeriwood and cause trouble hoping to divert Ihe attention to peace officers and free their week nights, as I it. understand STILL ON THE subject of eating (but by association only) I am reminded by Frank Sharp of the Ozark Mountain Smokehouse, that the big get-together between the City Board, the city Housing Authority, and the Deparlment-of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) is set for Monday evening, July 22, at Central Fire Station. The session will explore possibilities of salvaging the old Post Office Building for some useful purpose. HUD, the city and the Housing Authority will weigh alternatives, as I understand it, with the public as an interested bystander. "Smokehouse" Sharp is a'leading exponent and the spokesman for the Save The Post Office building movement. I assume, his point ol view will be adequately ex- Piehsed in the meeting, although (here may not be time for open discussion from the floor. The major item of concern by Sharp and his followers, at the moment, is that the delay in arranging for a re-hearing on the matter has allowed the jelling of citizen support for the building lo soften a bit. He is anxious that a strong show of support -- through attendance at the meeting -- be made. So check your schedule to include a visit to Central Fire Station a week from Monday, if you are concerned, (or the Square -- one way or another. Monday the 22nd will, for practical purposes, be the last chance to express one's thoughts on saving the Post Office prior to demolition. (about six per cent of the appraised value of the home. On Jones Verdict Hit LITTLE ROCK (AP) -- Republican gubernatorial candidate Ken Coon of Conway said Friday's state Seoate vote to keep Sen. Guy "Mutt" Jones of Conway seated in the Senate was "a travesty of justice and honesty. "It is this type of circus thai perverts the democratic process and damages the pride of Arkansas," said Coon. "I am ashamed that this man still represents part of the people ol Arkansas. How many other states have convicted felons in their legislature?" In addition, Ih'e buyer must pay for a survey, $75; closing fee, $30; document preparation $25; title insurance, $62.50; a credit report, $6; a tax report, $5; a recording fee of about $10; photographs of the property, $7.50 and an attorney's opinion amounting lo $50. In alii our hypothetical home had closing cosls amounting to $1,295.59. in addition to the $1,500 down payment, which might tend to discourage many prospective home buyers. Those who furnished information to the TIMES said that the cost of closing a piece of property had not risen greatly in the past 10 years, possibly an average of about five per cent, much less than the national rate of inflation during the same period. T '~. ; *"" '_.*, A '*'*'' Â·v::r;VV\I? '^'^ . . . as picture taken day aft tion. In Seminar Dr. Roberl D. Hay, professor and head of the Department of Management in the College of Business Administration at the University of Arkansas, will participate In the 1974 Business Faculty Summer Program in Computing at the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor July 22- Aug. 2. THE JAIL SUFFERED MORE THAN JUST ESCAPES (TIMESphoto By Ken Good) .. as picture taken day after Greenwood tornado makes clear. The building later was restored to original condi- Forty-Five Tons Of Puff The ftrst engine on the Eureka Springs Railroad, an operating railway museum being built near Table Rock Lake by a group of rail bulfs, blows steam as it approaches the OH While River Bridge-now spanning a portion of the lake. The museum has completed 2.000 feet of track along the Old Missouri anr North Arkansas right-of-way anrl members will be operat ing thf engine today. With June Revenues At $91/187 Ozark Folk Center Begins To Hit Its Stride caplive comrades. The record* show, however, that :their"'efforts were in vain because noria of the convicted prisoner* Â·Â»Â· caped the gallows. Â· ' . Â·'. The old jail was restored, ii 1964 by the South Sebastian bounty Historical Society and became a depository' for Â»n^- ques donated by citizens from around the county. The museurn is open to -Ihe public free "ft charge from April through October. Arlifacls on display in the building's four rooms .include early appliances, gUns, military gear, money, collections, period clothing and all types of tools: .'.': PARK CREATED : : The jail museum is easily liv cated by following U.S: 71vtÂ» the junction of Ark. 10 which traverses Greenwood. The museum stands Just across th.Â« street from Ihe town squirt which has been transformed inlo a city park. The squar.Â« is the former site of..Greenwood's old 1887 red brick courthouse which was torn down ;ia 1916 when the present court house was constructed. Visible in the distance behind the jail museum is Backboni Mountain, where on Sept. 1, 1863, Confederate and Union forces battled for possession "of the Devil's Backbone Ridge. Rebels under the command of Gen. William L. Cabell wefÂ« driven out of the eastern part of Indian Terrilory and chased lo Greenwood by.Bluecoats le.d by Gen. James' G. Blunt. ThÂ» Rebels halted their retreat some two miles southwest of where U.S. 71 now crossei Backbone Mountain and 'prÂ«- parld to fight. Â» . When the Union attack camÂ»j the Confederates .were astraddle Ihe mountain with their artillery placed along the top of Ihe ridge. The larger and better armed Union force quickly dispelled an ambush al the bottom nf the mountain and, after three hours of fighting, ' forced' ; thÂ« Confederates to withdraw and flee toward Waldron. ' . . Residents of Greenwood during the Civil War later told m a n y tales of hardships resulting from the four-year strife. Part of the lown was burne'd. Food was extremely scarce and many had nothing lo live on except cornmeal mush; 'corn bread and wild greens. Boys, too young lo. fight, were often forced inlo hiding for fear Ihey would be lakcn inlo the Union army. And even church bells were changed from a symbol of peace to a symbol of war when the.v were collected lo bÂ« The Ozark Folk Center at ountain View attracted 17,712 sitors lo ils musical pcrform- nces and craft demonstrations id generated $91,187 in gross avenues during June, ac- ording to Tommy Simmons, eneral manager of the center, uring June, 1973 the center ad 6,130 visitors and gross ;venues totaled ?38,350. The June attendance and oy Nasfasi To Head Siring Along' Program R o y Nastasi, associate irofessor of music at the Jniversity of Arkansas, has ieen invited to head the "String A l o n g ' ' Program a t t h e Jniverity of Alabama a* "luntsville this summer. Dr. Royce Boyer, chairman f the Department of Music extended the invitation to Nastasi. The program begin July 15 and continues throng! Aug. 16. The inslilulion is developing a string program and Nastasi who taught there last summer will teach three classes durinf he fourweck program. As 7 part of the classes, parents ar encouraged to participate alom with the sixth-grade studenlf junior high school students, am high school students. Before returning ville, Nastasi wil to Fayette be featurcc violist in the Summer Choral Concert of the institution. Nastasi has just complete leaching the music section fo 12 public school teachers i .Washington County's Head Sla: Program. The Food or public cvcnue figures exceeded the 973 peak month of Â·Â· August budget, hen the center had 12.669 visi- irs to the music and craft ttractions and $82,200 in reve- ues. "We are hopeful t h a t the in- reascd attendance . will con- nue through Ihe season so we an generate enough revenue help defray fixed expenses uring the winter months wiien he center is closd," Simmons aid. Expenses of operating the enter during the month were own slightly from a year ago lespite a substantial increase n food costs at the restaurant due to the increase in custo ncrs, Simmons said. He said he center will show a profit excess of $10,000 for the month. . Simmons said t h a t - I h e Folk Cenler staff had been rcduce rom 73 regular employes and 10 part-time employes a year ago to 52 regular and 16 part ,ime employes this year. He said this cutback in personnc meant a savings of approxi malcly $10,000 during June as compared .with June, 1973. ON F I N A N C I A L FEET "We feel that the 0/ark Folk Center is really getting on its feet now that it is more widely known," Simmons said. "We are presenting a quality program p Arkansas 0/ark Folklore in excellent facilities and both out of-slatc tourists and Arkansan are getting the word aboul th center." Simmons believes that part o the increase in attendance \ rlue to visitors returning to thei home towns and telling friend about the center. Although the center operating without a promotional has attracted the allention of newspapers, magazines, television, and radio. Simmons said that a recent CBS. Evening ( , N e w s , and a recent article in Better Homes and Gardens magazine had been especially helpful. The Crafts Forum at the Ceno 5 p.m. Musical performances ake place in the auditorium very nighl exccpl Sunday al p.m. The Cenler will be open irough Oct. 31. 1974. Lunchroom Managers In Summer Workshop Service .Workshop school lunchroom managers in Arkansas con eludes this summer ,wo-week session on with the the Uni versity of Arkansas campu.s July 7. Â·Â· Â· Through July 21. The fina icsston is for managers whc have attended one previou; workshop in the three-summe )rogram. The managers in this phas of the Workshop are sturtyin 'ood purchasing, food prepara tion and Nutrition II. Th Workshop is sponsored by th Food Service Division of th State Education Department the University of Arkansa D i v i s i o n o f Continuin Education and the UA Horn Economics Department. Managers enrolled from th area are Audrey Clinehen Allene Cordell and Maxin Mays, all of Fayetleville Odessa Danford of Springda and Eleanor White ot Goshen. cast into brass cannons. N A M E D FOR JUDGE The lown was named after idge A l f r e d Burton Green- ood, who held the first circuit urt there in March.. 1851. orlly aflcr Sebastian County as organized. Judge Green- ood later served as a U.S. con- ressman and commissioner of idian affairs. When the Civil ar broke out Confederacy resident Jefferson Davis call- d on him for help and Grcen- ood enlisted thousands of herokee and Choctaw Indians fight for the South. Herbert Hoover was a visitor f Greenwood in 1892 and 1893 vhen he was a young geological nginecr. Hoover, staying at the Id Capitol Hotel which stood ear Ihe square, did a geologi- al survey to determine the oal veins' in the area. This rought a mining boom ta rcemvno dandier years the own echoed with the sound of team whistles from its many mines. Greenwood was also the horn* f two Arkansas governors, ohn Sebastian Little and Willam M. Fishback. Part of the smallest county n Arkansas, Greenwood's title if county scat of South Sebas- ian County has an unusual explanation. When the county records were moved lo Fort Smilh in 1852, Greenwood resi- Â·Icnls slill claimed Ihcir town was the original and only county scat. To sellle Ihe dispute, Ihe slate legislature, ill 1861 established Iwo judicial dislricls in the county. Greenwood and Fort Smith. In 1874, the Arkansas constitution declared lhat Sebastian County could have two county seats and the legal problem wai finally settled. '