Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on July 13, 1974 · Page 4
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July 13, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 4

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Saturday, July 13, 1974
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Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest It The First Concern Of This Newspaper 4 · SATURDAY, JULY 13, T974 Another Square Reassesses Two years ago El Dorado refurbished its Square, which comprised the old, downtown shopping area. The Square was paved and fountains installed. Canopies were added to lend a boutique effect to central city shops. · City parking lots were created just a stone's throw from the Square's entrances, at the corners, which bear the title, "Union Square." Each entrance is framed with masonry columns and canopy that remain something of a controversy among residents. A few days ago the El Dorado News- Times conducted a survey to determine how things stand, two years after the transformation. Has the renewal been a success? How does it suit customer and tenant? Slight similarity exists between the El Dorado refurbishing and one presently under way in Fayetteville, but it is by no means exact. Objectives are largely t h e same, though, and the El Dorado experience is interesting. ·· -"· · ' In sum, the findings are exceedingly mixed in El Dorado. A few new businesses have failed. Others are doing well. Outlying shopping centers continue to thrive. Sales volumes are up in the central city area, but customer traffic appears to be somewhat down. "Convenience" is a word'used repeatedly by those who seek to analyze shifting buying patterns; Downtown renewal e f f o r t seems to slow commercial erosion, but there. are few good signs that the problem is so simply solved. Optimism in El Dorado is based on the "convenience" of association between a concentration of legal, medical and financial offices in the central city, along with basic shopping sources. "There is a definite need for downtown stores," says one El Dorado merchant. This says it pretty well, top, we think, for the evolving development in Fayetteville's central city. El Dorado keys its expectations of downtown business stability on the presence, in the center of its Square, of the Union County Courthouse. Downtown Fayetteville' has its courthouse, too, plus a handsome new Federal Building. (And, who knows, maybe even an Old Post Office Building in the center of its Square). If patterns of economic vigor seem mixed in consequence of urban renewal, that is probably a plus in itself, because communities that make no effort to refurbish and re-do can have little but decay to look forward to. From The Readers Viewpoint Addendum T the Editor; The following letter is being mailed to the state Pollution Control department and the federal. Environmental Protection Agency. Gentlemen: Please refer to the Northwest Arkansas Regional Water Quality Management Plan, for Basin 3H and Portions of 4J, which has recently been forwarded to your agencies for review. This plan for future waste water disposal for Washington and Benton Counties, Arkansas, proposes (a) to lower the present classification" of the Illinois River in Arkansas, and (b) 1 - to discharge -secondary-treated effluent from all of these two counties into this one river. We believe that this proposed Basin Plan should not be adopted, based on studies done so far/for the following reasons: (1) The original Water Quality Management Study was begun three years ago to study From Our Files; How Time Flies] JO YEARS AGO Northwest Arkansas residents were warned today that a definite fire hazard exists and were urged to use extreme caution, while burning grass and debris. TIMES weatherman Howard' Vetter said the outlook for the next few days indicates little or no precipitation. The Springdale City Park is closed until further . notice, so VEARS AGO Rain totaling 2.8 inches, which fell generally over Washington County, is worth more than a.half million dollars to orchardists and agriculturists of the county, according to a statement made here by prominent agriculturists this morning. 100 YEARS AGO At the anual meeting of the Board of Trustees of the Arkansas Industrial University, held at Fayetteville, July 7, 1874, the following resolution was adopted: That tuition be hereby according to a decision announced today by the park committee of the City Council because "we have had a bellyful of vandalism." Miss Beverly White, Miss Fayetteville, left this-morning to compete with 44 other con-" testants i nthe Miss Arkansas Beauty Pageant taking place at the Arlington Hotel in Hot Springs this week. Charles Frierson, Jr., son of Judge C. D. Frierson of Jonesboro and grandson o f ' M r . and Mrs. M.M. Gallaway of this place, will represent Arkansas at the International Jamboree of Boy Scouts in Denmark, July 26th, if he' passes tiie last tryout to be held in New York this week. required, by the term, strictly in advance and that no name be entered on the University roles until the receipt of the Secretary for his or her tuition be presented. existing sewage plants in Washington and Benton Counties, and to identify sewage plant expansion needs. The concept of a Basin Plan was not part of this study, but was added within the last year. (2) Speculation in the draft copy of the proposed Basin Plan concerning the "economic collapse" and "erosion of the tax base" of Northwest Arkansas should reclassification of the Illinois River not take place, is beyond the scope of the study. (3) We concur in the objections raised by both Oklahoma agencies and citizens to further large-scale loading of nutrients into the Illinois River by sewage plants serving all' of Washington and Benton Counties, using only secondary treatment. ' (4) Since there are many Grade A dairy farms and other farming operations in the Illinois River valley, we do not see what is "cost effective" about possible contamination of water wells. This would adver- 'sely affect these farming opera. tions and land values in general. The serious problem of storm water infiltration which now overloads present sewage plants during rainy periods ' should be solved before any further plans are made to construct new plants. We .understand that public hearings are to be held on the ' proposed reclassification of the Illinois River from its present E. P. A. classification as a "small mouth bass" stream. We expect such a hearing will play a major part in the decision whether to reclassify the Illinois River. Therefore, we request at least 45 days notice of any such hearing so we may complete our preparation. Lewis Dawdy, president Illinois River Property Owners of Arkansas, Inc. Robinson Okay, So The Eagle Has Landed WASHINGTON (ERR) -- Neil A. Armstrong of the Apollo 11 space crew became the first man to set foot on the moon just five years ago -- on July 20, 1969. TELEVISION V I E W E R S around the world were transfixed five summers ago as they watched the ghostly image of US., astronaut Neil A. Armstrong descend from the Apollo 11 landing module to the surface of the moon. "That's one small step for (a) man, one giant step for mankind," said A r m s t r o n g , w h o thereby, achieved instant immortality as the Columbus of lunar travel. Shortly afterward, an ecstatic President Nixon called from the White House to congratulate Armstrong and his partner, Col. Edwin E. Aldrin Jr. "This certainly has to be the most historic telephone call ever made," the President told them. Nixon was still in a euphoric mood when he greeted the Apollo 11 astronauts on their return to earth four days later. "This is -the greatest week in the history of the world since Creation," he said, "because as a result of what happened this week, the world is bigger infi- 1 nitely'' and also...the world's " never-been' closer before." Missing Part F.IVE YEARS AND six Apollo missions later, space feats no longer generate the excitement of old, Former Vice President Spiro T. Agnew sought to capitalize on the success of Apollo 11 by calling for a manned mission to Mars, but the proposal got nowhere. Each succeeding Apollo mission was more ambitious than its predecessor, with ever sharper television transmission, yet ·public enthusiasm waned. The spectacularly successful Skylab project did little to rekindle interest in space. Although the third and final Skylab crew remained aboard the orbiting space station for nearly three months, their ' achievement did not receive the wide acclaim it deserved. Some have suggested that Americans have grown bored with or hostile to space pro* ; Jects. A more plausible expla- ·" nation is that people now take even the most 'difficult space feats for granted. In this sense, the U.S. space program is a victim' of its undoubted success. THE UNITED. STATES is now committed to a policy of international cooperation in space, as evidenced by the U.S.- Soviet agreement to launch a joint night in 1975. If all goes welU a U.S. Apollo capsule and a Soviet Soyuz capsule will engage in a rendezvous-and- docking mission around July 15 " of next year. The project already has been criticized in some quarters as a "wheat deal in the sky." Leonid Vladimirov, a Soviet- born, science writer who (Mec- ted to England in 1966, contend.: "They (the Russians) will learn more about the latest American technology while trying to conceal their own lag.... And whatever new the Soviets find out from the Americans, they will use...(it) for military purposes." Edward G. Gibson, a member of the last ' Skylab crew, believes that space programs : can indeed further the cause of international cooperation. "I think," he says, "that the pictures taken of earth from space have had a subtle, mayhe unconscious effect on the way people think of this planet, helping them to understand that it all really is one world." Perhaps a summit meeting in space should be arranged to persuade world leaders of that fact. A Potpourri Excerpts From The World Of Thought OIL AND ARMS. Edward M. K e n n e d y , "Stopping Arms Races in Two Places," War- Peace Report, Vol. 13, No. 1, pp; 13-15. - "We are no sooner seeing real 'progress toward ending the Arab-Israeli conflict than.a new source of trouble in the Middle East is beginning to appear. This stems from the sizable flow of arms into the region of the Persian Gulf, where a majority of the world's oil reserves is located.... Like other nations before them, several of the oil-producing states in the Gulf'area are beginning to link their economic advance with a desire to gain military forces that' are so often believed to be necessary trappings of a modern state." "Some recent oil agreements...have therefore included the sale of weapons. And these tend to be weapons that make little sense in terms of the legitimate defensive needs of the countries involved -- yet which could in time upset relations among states in the Persian Gulf area. The issues involved are complex ones, and cannot easily be resolved. The future of relations between Iraq and its neighbors is most unclear. Iran is attempting to create a special position for itself in the region, with significant implications for all ' other states there. The role Saudi Arabia might care to play in regional politics has yet to be determined. And there are several states with small populations but large oil revenues which face an uncertain future in political competition with their larger neighbors." INDIA AND THE BOMB. Robert Gomer, "India Explodes A 'Device,'" Bulletin' of the Atomic Scientists, June 1974, p. 3. "We have come to so cherish the idea that mutual deterrence works and is stable that we dismiss from our minds the .very narrow basis on which that stability rests. The detonation of a nuclear device by India shows dramatically that much of this attitude is wishful thinking. The acquisition ' of nuclear weapons -7- and from ,,the detonated 'device' .to wea- ' pons Is a very small' step -by a country so poor that a major fraction of its 600 million people is homeless and destitute and' so overpopulated that a major fraction of its people is in imminent danger, of starving to death is an ominous portent." "Although little can be said in defense of India's policy, it would be hypocritical and dishonest to expect more wisdom and restraint from India and other poor countries than the great, powers have shown. America, Britain, Russia, China and, not least of all, France have shown the weaker countries the way: national pride requires muscle, which means nuclear muscle. As long as we continue to deploy tens of thousands of'nuclear weapons and to continue a technological arms race which threatens to' make control impossible, we have no, moral right to preach disarmament and restraint to others. The arms race has its own mad logic and India has done little more than to follow it." PORTUGAL'S FUTURE. Ray Alan, "EuroVista," The New Leader, July 8, 1974, pp. 7-8. "The revolution (in Portugal was) one of the nicest, most civilized Europe has ever been treated to.... Until then.the Portuguese, the Continent's forgotten people, tended to be rather s t o l i d , melancholy, evfcn gloomy. They had a lot to jbe about, for they were governed by a corrupt dictatorship that had remained in power so long -- nearly half a century -everyone thought it immovable... Suddenly, at the end *of April, the'dictatorship collapsed like a burst balloon,.punctured blopdlessly by Army officers politicized by 13 years ' o f colonial wars. Overnight, the Portuguese people stripped off their cocoon of solidity and melancholy, ' revealing them selves to be.animated, gay and eight feet tall." "Two months have passed. The red carnations hive withered. Public transport and bread supplies have been disrupted by strikes. Problems are piling up. Portugal is Western Europe's poorest nation and the liardest-hit by inflation. Despite controls, some capital is being smuggled out of the country. Maoist and Trotskyist mischief- makers are urging workers'-to strike for unrealistic pay Increases, demanding 'arms for the people,' inciting troops i'to desert,and trying to provoke, a, clash with the 'bourgeois' officers -who overthrew, the die- .tatorship." "My guess is that Portugal's future will be decided by its ' e c o n o m i c progress, which means, in the short term, by the help and understanding '.it receives from the European Economic Community and tha United States. Runaway in(ja- tion and depressing will provoke disillusionment with deirio- cracy and promote Left-wing extremism." i Arkansas Editors Comment On Expense Accounts, Legislature And Politics PINE BLUFF COMMERCIAL Dale Bumpers ventured gingerly into press criticism over the weekend and sounded better than he has on education. He's no A. J. Liebling (which proves that understatement can be extravagant), and his criticism of the press might have been a few degrees o(f (about 180) when he said the press was too hard instead of too soft on politicians. But in general he didn't indulge In the insipid flattery served on such occasions (meeting of pi-ess associa- tons) along with the chicken- and-peas. And dawgqne if the governor and - or his speech- writers didn't actually come up with a memorable and telling phrase. Which sets a new record for a Bumpers speech. The historic occasion came when the governor spoke of naive political newcomers who see journalism as the "yellow brick road to fame.' Perfect. Connotations and all. It leads one to suspect that the governor actually has read the "Wizard of Oz," unlike "Death of a Salesman," which he once quoted egregiously to a salesmen's dinner. But the yellowback road is an apt metaphor for the youn'g journalist starting out with all the innocence and quivering self-confidence of Dorothy. And soon enough, the traveler down the yellowback road of politics is likely to encounter the brainless, scarecrows ,the rusty tin- woodsmen and cowardly lions. The wicked Witches, and even the good ones. And the ruffing and p u f f i n g Wizzard of Oz behind his immense dignity and prestige. Part of the eventual disillusionment is that the journalist himself believed in all of them; part of the salvation (theirs as well as his) is a belief in things other and better than fame, yet inseparable from the adventures along the road. Well don, Governor: An apt metaphor at last. "I have tried to learn from you," the governor told the press people, "but keep my distance from you." That is a healthy resolve. The fourth estate ought to be watched as closely, criticized as freely and kept as independent as the others. LOG CABIN DEMOCRAT (Conway) "It's all distorted. It's nothing but a bunch of lies. This is just a leak to smear me." Sound familiar? The White House staff, you say, responding to the latest blistering from the media? Nope. It's from Rep. Wilbur D. Mills. And we'd like to hear some precise, complete explanations about campaign contributions from corporate or whatever sources. Surely Mr. Mills won't follow the tourtured path President Nixon has, in "stonewalling" his way along without explana- ton of substance, claiming all the charges are lies. Maybo they are. We don't know at this point. But the way to prove that the preliminary report from the Senate Watergate Committee's staff is "a bunch of lies," as Mr. Mill] asserts, is to present the facts, The American people -- and particularly the people of the Second Congressional District -- are capable of evaluating the charges and Mr. Mills' factual response to them, and making the correct judgment. Mr. Mills has acknowledged that he received money from milk producers, but has stated that he reported all $45,000 of it. According to the draft report of the Watergate committee staff, Mr. Mills "received the benefit of about $75,01)0 in corporate assets" from Associated Milk Producers, Inc.; $15,000 from Mid America Dairyman, Inc., and another $40,000 in donations from AMPI employes and officers. Thus, there's quite a disparity betwee n Mr. Mills' statement regarding contributions from milk producers and the statement of the Watergate committee staff. We'd like to see some proof from the committee staff to back up the claims against Mr. Mills, and we'd also like to see Mr. Mills document, for the edification of a concerned citizenry, his position. In this, the era of Watergate, simply to claim a charge is a "bunch of lies" is hardly enough. ARKANSAS DEMOCRAT Arkansas' 100 year old Constitution, which needs either a complete overhaul or burial, was handed a new crutch this week by the state Supreme Court in a ruling that approved out-of-session expense payments to legislators. As a result, hope Is now. very slight that the Con- stitution's ridiculous restrictions on public officials' salaries can be eliminated this fall by constitutional amendment. The de cision means the legislators can Although there is nothing basically wrong with expense accounts, they have a devious way of growing and growing with little control from the people. Each session of the legislature can vole to increase them, as will now happen frequently, we predict. This will have the actual effect of raising official salaries -- regardless of what the Constitution or the Supreme Court says. The decision was not a 100 per cent victory for the legislators. The lawmakers were told that they will now have to itemize their expenses and be compensated after the fact instead of applying for them in advance in one lump sum. But that should be small bother. No solon worth his stringtie should have trouble coming up with sufficient phone calls, stamps and lunches bought for his constituents to reach the yearly total of $2,400. Good record keeping will have an additional reward in that the expenses will be non-taxable if they can be proved to Internal Revenue, and this makes them all the sweeter. The Supreme Court also said that some of the money already received will have to be returned to the state treasury because it was paid in advance and without sufficient documentation. Now ordinarily this would be a problem; who has $2,400 to spare? But the senators think they have found a solution for this. The have introduced a bill in the special session to com pensate them for the money which is doubtful considering that the people who'll vote on it are vulnerable, too. While few will argue that the constitutional salary ceiling of $1,200 for legislators is too low, we find it regrettable that the salary question has again been dodged and not met head-on. In many instances the expense account gambit wil be misused and, thus, become fulrther reason for the people to distrust and lose' faith in their government. People won't vote to give public officials proper salaries -- even though Arkansas' are the lowest in the nation -- so long as legislators are receiving tax-free expense accounts twice the size of their salaries and tthe mayor of North Litttle Rock gets one that triples his salary. Now, the Supreme Court has added its blessing to laws that made both expense acco'int;: possible. To us this seems a pity. We'll never get better laws until the bad ones are enforced. DUMAS CLARION Among the items in the special session called by Governor Dale Bumpers is consideration of a "wilderness" or natural areas bill. Proponents of the bill declare that is the slate government Probably no issue to come before the Assembly at this time is more conlrovrsial than that of land use. continue to get more money through the hack door, so why should they work to update the old charter? docs not step in, many beautiful natural areas of the state will be lost to commercial land development. They further argue, and with validity, that the continual cutting and clearing of wilderness areas tends to compound drainage problems by removing some of the watershed. Also lost are wildlife and park areas that can never be fully restored.- Opponents of the wilderness bills in past assemblies not that this action takes away the pero- gative which a landowner possesses in using his own land as he sees fit. they complain that such action may pave the way for further governmental take-over of private lands. Between these opposite poles must lie an are of compromise, for the reasons of saving natural areas for future genera tions, as well as for perserving wildlife, watersheds and recreation, some limitations do need to be placed on the exploitation of natural areas. Farmers, too, must be satisfied that their basic rights with the land are preserved. It will take some adroit maneuvering on behal of Governor Bumpers if this measure is to pass. BENTON COURIER The state Senate this week decided to go ahead in the special session and deal with the question of whether Guy H. "Mutt" Jones can continue to serve in that august body or if he will be ousted because of his conviction of federal in- they will have to pay back. So this, too, should be small bother unless the bill runs into trouble, come tax law violations. Jonts, of course, has contended that he is qualified to serve because he claims that under stale law his convictions are misdemeanors, even though they are felonies under federal law. The state Constitutin sayi that anyone convicted of a felony is disqualified form serving. But only the Senate itself has the authority to decide on whether he 'goes or remains. The move to unseat Jones is, we are sure, a distasteful one to some senators, who have a clubbish attitude toward the upper chamber. There were some moves aimed at putting the matter off until the regular legislative session in 1975. But nof is the time to tak« the matter up, and the senators are wise in their decision to do so, for a couple of reasons, For one thing many of their constiluents have made it clear they want Jones ousted, and this is overriding some of the legislators' personal feelings. Another reason the Senate's decision to take action now is the right one is the fact that a regular session has had such a massive workload and is 'so . controversy-filled even under normal conditions that adding the Jones matter into it would only compound the problems. When the .special session business is wrapped Up the senators ca nturn their attention to the Jones matter and dispose of It, either by. ousting him or finding him qualified to serve. If Jones Is found by his fellow senators to be qualified to retain his seat, we suspect that many of them will not be found In their legislative teati after their next election,

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