Page 4 article text (OCR)
Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest Is The First Concern Of This, Newspaper 4 Â· FRIDAY, JULY 12, 1974 Reluctant House Reformers Watc/iec/ The Washington Merry-Go-Round Chief Justice Warren The American press would be remiss, indeed, if it failed to mourn the passing of former Chief Justice Earl Warren. Few members of the high court have championed the cause of the Bill of Rights with the fidelity and vigor of Chief Justice Warren, and America is stronger for that fact. Warren himself, is said to have regarded his court's "one man, one vote" decision the most important rendered during his 16 years at the helm of the nation's highest tribunal. But under his leadership the court also stamped itself with a wide range of decisions as the most aggresively humanistic in the nation's history. Under Warren the principle of separation of church and state was re-emphasized; segregation was outlawed; and the right to due process and a fair trial redefined so as to strengthen the rights of the private citizen. The nub of the Warren Court's view of the American Constitution probably lies in its contention trial an individual's rights are at least as important as the state's. This is a relatively non-traditional view for the court, though one that seems clearly a concern and an objective of the Constitution framers. Eichard Harris, writing on the "Annals of Law," in the June 24 New Yorker magazine, pays the Warren Court high praise in this regard: "Under Chief Justice Earl Warren, the Court defended and asserted individual rights as never before. In fact, its most effective, and thus most controversial, decisions were aimed at protecting some of the most vital and ordinary rights of the individual--the right of every black child to a decent and nonracist education; the right of every citizen, wherever he lives or whatever his status, to a vote of equal weight; the right of every suspect or defendant, rich or poor, to equal protection of the laws in any criminal prosecution. Above all, some crucial decisions of the Warren Court finally made almost all of the Bill of Sights binding on Â· the states, and therefore gave every citizen the rights due him . . . " Quite an epitaph! Thinking Big The White House has confirmed that President Nixon bestowed a Chevy Monte Carlo on Russian Party Leader Leonid Brezh- nev during his recent visit to Moscow. The Chevrolet joins a Cadillac and a Lincoln Continental given the Communist leader on earlier occasions by Mr. Nixon. We presume the latest gift Â·was carefully thought out before sending it all the \vay to Moscow, but considering the gasoline situation, plus the fact that Leonid already has a Caddy and Continental; wouldn't it have been as nice a gesture to take the Head Red a Pinto or a Gremlin? Must Americans always be ostentatious? What Others Say It's getting easier and easier to see through Wilbur Mills, the celebrated Great Brain of the Budget who says he never knew who all was contributing to his pint-sized presidential campaign. Certainly Mr. Mills doesn't want the rest of us to know or he would make a 'full disclosure of his campaign finances the year he ran for president and wound up some- w h e r e between?' Shirley Chisholnv and None-of-theAbove tn the primaries. A little lady up in Little Rock has had the effrontery to run against the chairman of the Powerful House Ways and Means Committee, and on the Republican.ticket at that. Judy Petty is plugging away at Chairman Wilbur the way the Washington Post goes after President Richard. Mrs. Petty estimates that Mr. Mill's contributions ran in the hundred of thousands and she wants to know who and why. "I believe the people need to know who might have made big contri- butions in the hopes of getting some favored tax treatment," he says. In particular, Mrs. Petty wants to know how much the Mills campaign raised through James W. Riddcll, whom Mrs. Petty describes as a tax lobbyist, "a man whose profession is to secure tax benefits which my opponent is in a position to grant to special-interest lobbies or to big 'campaign contributors." Mrs. Petty also has Mr. Riddell down as an employee of the Ways and Means Committee who lent Mr. Mills $17,000 for his presidential c a m p a i g n . (Who says congressional staff salaries are 'inadequate?) Nor does Mrs. Petty accept the chairman's plea of ignorance about such complicated financial matters as his campaign funds. "That story was not sufficient for Richard Nixon." she tells voters, "and it is not sufficient for Wilbur Mills. If he's not responsible enough to know, then he's not From. Oar Files; How Time Flies 1C) YEARS AGO Fayetteville's four new mun'- cipul buildings, three fire stations and a police and couit 50 YEARS AGO The Ozark section of Arkansas and Missouri is richer by a mil- ion dollars for its 1924 berry crop, fruit men have just estimated. Total exports of all kinds 100 YEARS AGO West Fork township deserves special mention just now. It is tho strongest republican township in the county and not one single vote was cast there against convention. The republicans of that township say Inat they have been led tiy the nose facility, will be opened formaliy with open house ceremonies July 18 and 19, Mayor Guy Brown said today. are expected to bring into this county more than five millions, of which $398,000 is for strawberries, in out-of-state shipments. by Ham, Bard and Company about long enough and that hereafter they intend to think and act for themselves. Bully for West Fork. Our delegates lothe Constitutional Convention left on the Clarksville slage yesterday for Little Rock. They'll Do It Every Time SLACKSHEEP, STAY AWAY FROM MY DOOR MOM/AY, 1 HERÂ£COMÂ£S UNCLE, BUMLEY.' Ort,OH"THIS a.!? HlPfV STUMBUN6 UP THE STREET 1 ' Hf'S TURNING IN HERE. 1 responsible enough to ask yon to send him back for his 37th . and 38th years in Congress." Mrs. Petty has produced a quote from the president of a. brewery on his- contributions to the Mills campaignette. The words are reminiscent of what various corporation execs said about: their payments to. the Nixon campaign: "Being in the brewing industry, you have to play both sides of the street. If th'ey don't know that you contribute, the next thing you know, you might get an extra tax you don't like.' When contributions to the Nixon campaign were described in that matter, the Democratic Congress seemed overcome by righteous indignation. But when Wilbur Mills is the beneficiary,' his colleagues fall silent. Perhaps they're too busy considering presidential impeachment. Perhaps one reason Mr. Mills hasn't answered Mrs. Petty is that he's been very busy working on tax reform. Or rather against it. One of his first responses to the demand for more equitable taxes was to agree to remove the tax breaks for home mortgage payments and home offices -the kind of loopholes that benefit the ordinary taxpayer. The message is pretty clear: 'So you want tax reform, do you, you Iittle...Well, I'll give it to you. But good.' Which would be one thing if he were prepared to crack down on the biiÂ» boys, too. But Mr. Mills is still fighting against ending tax credits for international oil and he has a new 'plan to exempt the first $10,000 of capital gains from tax. But for the first time in his 30-odd years in Congress, there is actually a move afoot to challenge the Ways and Means Committee's dominance of all tax legislation. Till now, the other 410 members of Congress have been able to approve or disapprove the committee's recommendations b u t n o t change them. Now they're growing restless and actually asking for a voice in tax legislation. Now that other congressmen are getting almost as uppity as Mrs. Petty, it'll be interesting to see if chairman Wilbur can keep their cottonpickin' hands off the country's tax structure. He's treated it as his own personal property for so long that it's as difficult to envision him throwing it up for grabs as inviting the other congressmen in to rearrange his office furniture. Wilbur Mills has seen cries for reform come and go while he has stayed. So his predictable reaction to Mrs. Petty, and to (he more restive members of Congress, will be to hunker down some more and wait till the public loses interest. It might work. Or it might not. Cf. Richard Nixon. -- PINE BLUFF COMMERCIAL By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON -- In past columns, we have reported that n o t even the Watergate outrages have shaken reforms - loose. from the political grip of. the men who control Congress. .These men came to power, under the existing system and they are loathe -to change it. They: are heavily dependent upon v the special interests, w h i c h ' p u t up most of their campaign money. : They 'still listen more closely, therefore, to the whispers of the lobbyists than the voice of the people. Our stories about the reluctance of Congress to adopt W a t e r g a t e reforms have brought a huge response from: angry readers. Three of them from Boulder, Colo. -- Boulder National Bank president Robert . Hart, real e s t a t e developer George Williams . and .retired philanthropist David Lamb -- have urged us to call the roll; and report; back to the people how', every member of Congress and every candidate for Congress stands on key reform 'legislation. We have agreed to set up a special watch on reforms. We will report on -the foot-draggers and string-pullers who insist on keeping the winds of reform from touching the Capitol. We won't be fooled by the slick talkers who em-brace the form rather ttian the substance of .reforms. We agreed with Charles Cplson, the master of White House dirty tricks, who confessed on the eve of his imprisonment: "You know, so many abuses have been revealed that if we continue just to apply band-aids, the patient's gonna die."' Our focus will be on the clean election bill which House Administration Chairman Wayne Hays, DOhio, has uhbottled at last from his committee and upon the reorganization plan which Rep. Richard Boiling, D- Mo., submitted to change the way the House does business. ; The legislation Hays .has p r o d u c e d contains more loopholes' than a medieval fortress. And the Boiling plan has been sidetracked by the House . Democratic leadership. . It Is remarkable the lethargy that afflicts. Congress when it is suggested that Congress must set its houses in order. The members , assure one another that, as the people's chosen .representatives, ^heir characters had already been vouched for by their constiuents. There is nothing wrong with the political system, they contend, that 'a good election won't cure. We agree that the best opportunity to purge the obsructionists will' come in November. We will try to do our part by providing their names. M I L I T A R Y MADNESS: Rather than question a Defense .Department directive, the brass hats have destroyed millions worth of surplus equipment that was good as new. The directive was issued in 1970 to keep surplus weapons from falling into the hands of terrorists. But the obedient brass, with appalling lack of judgment, have been scrapping surplus parts which don't have the remotest combat use. Several sources, who are directly involved in demilitarizing the surplus stocks, have given us an incredible account of wholesale destruction, including such innocuous items as doors, wheels, tires and even paper cups. Yet the terrorists, in the meantime, have bad.' mtie hinderance getting weapons, sometimes stealing them right out- of .U.S. arsenals. , Other resourceful terrorists have fashioned makeshift weapons such as ..flame throwers from aerosol cans and bombs from the cardboard centers of toilet paper rolls. The Defense Department would do better assigning as security guards the men who are now busily , engaged in d e s t r o y i n g perfectly good equipment. Many of the parts, which have been destroyed, have had to be replaced with new parts from the factories at costs anywhere from 50 to 300 per cent above the surplus value. 'My reporter, Ed Trqpeario, checked into dozens of silly destruction orders. Here are just a few examples: -- The F-4 fighter is still one of the most widely used planes in the Air Force. Yet surplus Art Buchwald Pulling The Plug On TV THE NICKEL About the only thing you can get with a nickel anymore is heads or tails. ,, * --Asheville (N.C.) Citizen WASHINGTON - If nqlhing else, President Â· Nixon's trip tÂ» the Soviet Union showed the United States how the Russians could pull the plug on the American TV networks. Several nights ago, while the American TV correspondents were trying to report on dissidents in the Soviet Union, Russian technicians pulled the plug out on them and they were unable to transmit their reports. When President Nixon heard about it he immediately contacted Soviet party leader Leonid Brezhnev and said "How did you do it?" ' ' I s accident," Brezhnev retorted. "Aw c'mon, Mr. Secretary," Mr. Nixon said. "I know it wasn't an accident, and I'm not criticizing you. I'm really interested in knowing for my own benefit." "You're not angry?" "How could I be angry?" Mr. Nixon said. "I've been trying to shut off the American TV correspondents for years. I just never knew how to do it." "Is simple," Brezhnev said. "Come over to the Kremlin and I'll show you." "Can I bring, my scientific technical adviser, Ron Ziegler, along with me?" "OF COURSE. .What is detente for if we can't help each other pull plug out on the press?" The next morning President Nixon and Ron Ziegler were driven over to the Kremlin where Brezhnev and several of his technicians were waiting for them. "I'm sorry I can't give you MIRV treaty," Brezhnev said. "Forget about the MIRVs," Mr.NIxon replied. "This is more important." Brezhnev look the two men into a room marked in Russian: "Top Secret." There was a large switchboard manned by a Soviet general. Overhead were five or six TV monitors. "Now listen closely, Ron," Hie President warned. "They may never let us see this again." "Up on screen," Brezhnev said, "is Soviet commentator. He is going to give the news." "Good evening." The Soviet general immediately pulled the plug. The screen went dark. "Why did you pull the plug?" Mr. Nixon wanted to know. "Is not for him to say what kind of evening it is. Some Soviet citizen may ask WHY is it a good evening. We don't let our people know if evening is good or bad. it makes them nervous." "You taking ail this down, Ron?" the President whispered ' ' W a t c h Channel Two," Brezhnev said. "Comrades," the commentator began, "the glorious leader of the Soviet Union, Leonid Brezhnev, reported today that a new milestone had been reached in the Soviet-American detente. The agreement, which will be signed, tomorrow by leaders of both countries, specifies that THE GENERAL pulled the plug. Mr. Nixon looked at Brezh- nev. The Soviet leader smiled, "Is better they don't know what we agreed, on. Next they'll want to know what we DIDN'T agree on." "Thai's fantastic. What is the red button over there on (he switchboard?" Mr. Nixon asked. "That's fantastic, What Is that red button over there on the switchboard?". Mr. Nixon asked. ' .Â» "That is our Multiple Television Cutoff Switch. We can cut parts including wheels; tires and fuel attachments, are being destroyed daily despite the fact that replacements are constantly in demand. -- Hill Air Force Base, Utah; placed an order for 257 fuel tank noses of the same typs that had been destroyed in-the base's salvage yard. Had these fixtures been spared, it would have saved the taxpayers more than $18,000. -- Engine access doors,.which are in constant demand by the military, have been destroyed at the same time new .doors were ordered from-the plant at $1,600 per replacement. , Â· -- Incredibly, 250,000 paper cups were destroyed, according to competent sources, because they had been intended for usa in fighter jets. -- At least one 60-foot truck- bed was destroyed because it had been used to haul tanks. " -- A SZF, a Navy aircraft, is considered combat worthy, so its surplus parts are smashed into Junk. Yet these planes are being used to fight brush fires. Without' surplus parts, ,,,thÂ» ! planes will soon be grounded. Planes used in agricultural spraying", and 'dusting also depend heavily on surplus military parts. One way to stop this senseless destruction, if we may suggest a solution, is to deduct the waste from the salaries of.tha Pentagon policymakers. Erosion Of off ALL channels at same time." "What a breakthrough!" Nixon gasped. "You want one?" Brezhnev asked. "Do I ever!" Nixon said. "What do we have to give you in exchange?" Brezhnev thought a moment and then said, "I'll take another Cadillac." (C) 1974, Los Angeles Times Bible Verse "For as the Father hath life in himself: so hath he given to t h e - S o n to have life in himself; and hath given him authority to execute judgment also, because he is the Son of man." John 5:26, 27 The abundant life, the eternal life, strength to live by and to die by, is found in God's Son, our Saviour. "For the wisdom of this world Is foolishness with God. For it is written, He taketh the wise in their own craftiness." 1 Corinthians 3:19 It is quite a blow to the pride of a society who feels that it has arrived, to hear from the one who knows it all that we have hardly started. "He that winneth souls is wise." "And brought them out, and said, Sirs, what must I do to be saved? And they said, Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shall be saved, and thy house." Acts 16:30, 31 Here is the greatest question ever asked, and the only possible answer. H Ij concerned enough to save you, and bjg enough to keep you. Let Him come in today, and all of your tomorrows iwill be glad you did, British. Privacy LONDON (ERR) - Mora than most Â· people, Britons treasure their privacy. It is still thought possible here to combat snooping into citizens' private lives. Indeed, less officially sanctioned, bugging takes place in London than in almost any other world capital. But individual privacy is in danger just tbe same. It is perfectly legal to manufacture, advertise and sell bugging devices in the United Kingdom. Derek Hene, chairman of the International Association of Lawyers' subcommittee on privacy, deplores "Bugging, electronic spying and other such practices '--are regarded as ethically wrong," he says, "yet there'are'almost no legal sanctions to deal with them realistically." Â· ' In 1971, The Guardian'alleged that confidential information on individual citizens was being obtained from government files for use by banks, commercial interests,- andi even foreign embassies. In a follow-up story a year later, the newspaper said its correspondents were amount ' o f almost anyone's bank balance simply by picking up the telephone. THE GRADUAL erosion of privacy in Britain stems in large, part from the increasingly impersonal nature of governmental authority. In addition. British, law has yet to come to grips with the computer age. Ordinary citizens here have no right of access to information c o n c e r n i n g themselves, no' guarantee of its accuracy, no safeguards against the compilation of distorted or damaging Information, and no way 'of Â·preventing personal data from being stored away in a computer in the first place. To correct .these deficiencies, a committee headed by Sir Kenneth Younger was appointed in May 1970. The trouble-is that the Younger Committee, confined its investigation to private Institutions. As two' experts noted in a recently published book, The Invasion of Privacy, the greatest potential threat to privacy comes not - from detective agencies, the press, or financial institutions, but from inquisitive government agencies. The co-authors, Donald Made- wick and Tony Smythe, pointed out the difficulty of curbing excessive gathering of ' 'information, by the government or of restricting its use to the purposes for which it was collected. No government welcome* laws that might inhibit its future activities in areas deemed vital to national security. ' . - IN ITS FINAL report, thÂ» Younger Committee opposed the creation of a genera! "right to privacy because it considered such a broad guarantee unrealistic and unworkable in the modem age. It made the additional point that a comprehensive right to privacy might well impede (he free flow of information. S t i l l another reason for the commission'* stand was its inability to agree on a definition of privacy. This being the case, it could hardly recommend a set of legal safeguards. . Nevertheless, it appears likely that P a r l i a m e n t will approve legislation . based on some of the commission's proposals later this year. Among other things, the new law would restrict the activities of data banks, credit reporting organizations, and detective agencies. It might also contain a provision outlawing private use of listening devices. But Hie Members of Parliament are in no hurry. They are waiting to see what the U.S. Congress does or does not do with respect to privacy legislation b e f o r e , striking out on (heir own.