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Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest Is The First Concern 01 This Newspaper 6 Â· WEDNESDAY, JULY 10, 1974 Watergate Chill Hits Consumer Legislation Something New Downtown From accounts of all concerned -- sellers, sponsors and customers -- last week's official opening of Fayetteville's "Farmers' Market" can be termed a success. The two essential ingredients -- an abundance of quality fresh produce, and people interested in buying it -- were on hand. We imagine the new location, inside the Square, was a help, too, inasmuch as it provides a more "official" context for the business at hand. The market is operated by the Rural Mountain Producers Exchange, Inc., which boasts nearly 75 participating members. The mart is established in part as an outlet for low-income farmers in Northwest Arkansas who have difficulty in finding a regular market for their produce . . . and, in part, as an attraction for the commercial complex of downtown Fayetteville. All hands indicate satisfaction with the way things commenced last week, and are look- ing forward to the healthiest part of their season in the immediate weeks ahead. .Glenn Smith of Marble, president of the Exchange^ indicates the market will continue in operation as long as adequate produce is available. That usually means around the first frost, barring severely dry late summer weather. Meanwhile, it is in order that we remind you shoppers that this is not only the time of year to set one's table with fresh, home-grown fruits and vegetables, but also the time to can or freeze those pickles, apple sauce, chili sauce, beets and Â«the like that you promised yourself you would, last winter when the grocery bill was getting out of hand. If you want, make a deal with one of the farmers at the market to pick a special bushel of gherkins, or small zuucinni. That's the nice things about such an enterprise. Delicious, Nutritious And Nostalgic There's no question about it. A fresh cucumber or eggplant has an attractiveness far exceeding its dinner table potential. There is something magical about "fresh picked" fruits and vegetables that the modern supermarket doesn't duplicate. The- re-emergence of farmers' markets across the country is a response to several things. It has to do with economy, of course. It has to do with quality, too. But it also comes in response, perhaps to the public's weariness with computerized relationships. People enjoy dealing person-to-person with an okra pod's harvester. A nickel saved is a nickel earned, too, but what makes fried okra (or green tomatoes) twice as nice is in an absence of plastic-wrapped conformity that goes with the machine-weighed- priced-packaged portion at the "super" market. And that's not all. It is fun, too, to consume the sights and smells of the open-air market. And in this era of the nostalgia b'uff, what could be more nostalgic than to harken back to the days of fresh, locally grown vegetables in the corner grocery, or the enterprising farmer who drove his wagon along a neighborhood route, when his roastin' ears were just so, and the cantaloupe vine-ripe? We notice down in Little Rock that a new downtown farmers' market is hitting it off big, both as a service to capital city shoppers, and as a lure for shopping in the downtown section of the city. Not the least of the attractions at the Little Rock mart is a farmer with snappin" turtles (for soups and cutlets) and crawfish (for bisque, etc). Such delicacies well illustrate the potential for a public market place to offer more than.the standard potato and tomato stands. Inherent in the outdoor market place is a subtle sense of adventure Â·-- and that ideally should'involve the palate, as well as the hand, the nose and the eye. From. The Readers' Viewpoint Thoughts A friend wholivesinlllinois, To the Editor: A friend who lives in Illinois, o u t s i d e Chicago, teaches seventh and eighth grade 'classes and she is sometimes 9 .able to bring out the latent'abil-., 1 'ily and inner feeling of the students, as expressed in these poems: , THE PHEASANT'S P'RAYER 0, Lord, I thank thee For swiftness on foot :and on ' From Our Files; How Time Flies 10 YEARS AGO Appraisers of the State Highway Department will s t a r t calling on owners of property where the proposed Hwy. 71 bypass will he built (west of Fayetteville "right away." T h e Universiy Summer Opera Workshop under the direction of Kenneth I,. Ballenger and the Collegiate Singers will present an informal short- 50 YEARS AGO Beginning with the 1924-25 college year, the music department of the Universiy of Arkansas will he "at home" on the campus in the building known as the Agriculture Experiment Station. The building 100 YEARS AGO The thermometer was so high last week it couldn't be reached. The mad dog season is here. Carry a hickory club and a horse pistol. We are sorry that we are going to lose one of our best citizens, circuit clerk Holcomb, shirt sleeve concert at S p.m. tonight in the air - conditioned concert hall. Five new members were elected to two-year terms on the board o fdirectors of Downtown Fayetteville Unlimited, at the annual membership meeting Tuesday. They are Jim Sisemore, George Tharel, Keith Robbins, John Martensen, and A. P. Eason, Jr. will be entirely rearranged and will include not only office and studio for J. D. Tovey, director of the department of fine arts, but also individual rooms for each instructor in the department. who is going out on his farm. Jo says that he can't live in town on the proceeds of his office. Several of our citizens are talking about pulling up stakes and going to California. Several have already gone and write back glowing accounts of the Golden State. , "I thank thee for cornfields So bountiful of corn and grain, 0, spare me, Lord, of Hunters' guns so swiftly shot With never a thought for life. Howard Marshall ("How do you like this for beauty of sound and sight?") - 1 -PRAYER OF THE ELEPHANT 0, God, who made me, Please tell me just one thing Why must you always say Love is the only thing? Now, that's not true in all your cases, And you would know it If you could see thse natives, Â· If you could see Then you would know That love does not Make the world go 'round. Patrick Linden ("I love this irony in this one.") They'll Do It Every Time EARLY, SHE NOTE rue MILKMAN PRAYER OF THE BIRD 0, Lord, why must I Constantly fly? For whenever I stop Some green eyed cat Is waiting to take my life. I have not much to offer you For putting me on this earth Except my beautiul song, And I will always sing. Richard Casey ("The three preceding were written by boys...the next one, "The Mouse" was written by a girl, Lynn Wilson, and the prayer reflects her awn feelings...she is unpopular, shunned by her classmates, and is very lonely in her isolation.") PRAYER OF THE MOUSE Dear God, I am the' smallest of all the beasts. The most uncared for and neglected. No one cares for the little beast To and Fro About the others Â· feet. Cannot someone, someday Stop and notice And speak a word of kindness To a mouse? And cannot a mouse One day Join with the others As their equal And their friend. --Lyn Wilson ("I have a boy in the 7th grade, Joe Wimberly, who has NEVER contributed anything.in class -- either oral or written . . . . H e wrote t h e Prayer of the Lamb -- I do not have it here, it is on the bulletin board in my room, but in it he communicated his feelings in these lines that I do remember: PRAYER OF THE LAMB But who made me so T would have To mind the shepherd? I would like to run off into the green grass All alone and po where I please. ("Therein lies a case for curriculum change.") , Ella Potee By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON - The Watergate paralysis, which t h a s brought so many government activities to a grinding halt, is now threatening to stymie consumer legislation. The 93rd Congress started out to champion the consumers, as one bill after another was introduced to keep unscrupulous businessmen from ripping off t h e publics . . . , . i - . - : Â· . ' But with some of the best spokesmen for the consumers' tied up in House impeachment hearings or trying to make up time spent on the Senate Watergate Committee, the consumer bills are dying on the legislative vine. With a little push from House Speaker Carl Albert and Senate Democratic leader Mike Mansfield, these bills could still be saved. Here is where they . stand: . . ' ; ' . --No-fault . .a : uto insurance " passed the Senate on May 1.. This bill would save billions, which now go to lawyers to settle who is lo blame for auto accidents. If the House will act, the billions in legal bills could be used instead to pay the medical bills and repair costs of the accident victims, thus reducing insurance premiums. --A warranty bill, introduced by Sens. Warren Magnuson, D- Wash., and Frank Moss, D- Ulah, left the Senate on Sept. 12, 1973. It would compel manufacturers to repair or replace faulty car parts, appliances and other items if there is a warranty to do so. Most present warranties are riddles .with loopholes. --A bill to give the Federal The Washington Merry-Go-Round Trade Commission more power to crack down on shoddy advertising also passed the Senate on September 12. It would per mil the FTC to move quickly Â·against phony ads, which now may take years to ban. --A toxic substances bill to require premarket testing of hazardous chemicals passed the Senate almost a year ago. Among other things, it would outlaw the mishandling of polyvinyl chloride, which is now causing cancer in workers and " perhaps consumers. --A safe drinking water bill passed the Senate a year ago. It would require states to fix standards for safe water and would authorize federal officials to step in if the states don't act. --The Consumer Food Act is ready for Senate action. Evidence shows a third of the nation's food plants are contaminated. The bill would provide closer supervision of canners and processors. --As part of the campaign to save energy, the Senate passed a bill to put labels on. appliances showing.how 'much electricity they use- per year. This would also enable buyers to judge which products are cheaper to operate. --Sen. John Tunney, D-Calif., is trying to push through a bill . that, in effect; would establish "consumer courts." It, would assist small claims courts and arbitration offices, which are willing, to help consumers sue dishonest merchants and landlords. --Sen. William Proxmire s closing cost bill, which was killed in committee by pro- banking senators like William Brock, R.-Tenn., would save homebuyers billions. It could still be revived on the Senate floor. Even the No. 1 priority of the consumer movement, the Consumer Protection Agency, is now in serious jeopardy from the Watergate lethargy. The proposed agency would fight for the consumers before the Federal Trade Commission, Food and Drug Administration, Federal Communications Commission and other regulatory agencies. As -a confidential Senate Commerce Committee memo points out, some government offices "have grown sluggish and weak with age and fallen prey to the industries they are supposed to regulate." Putting it in fisherman's . language, Sen.Warren Magnuson, D.-Wash., the Senate's "Mr. Â· Consumer," explained: "The consumer advocate can be like a pike in a pond full of carp. The carp tend to get sluggish and the pike stirs them to action by nipping at their tails. That's what we want the Consumer advocates lo do." Rep. Chet Holifield, D- Calif., and Rep. Ben Rosenthal, D.-N.Y., long enemies, learned Â·up to get a fine Consumer Protection Agency bill through the ' House. Then one of the biggest and best' financed lobbies Capitol Hill has even seen went to work "It's A Little Idea We Got From The Kremlin" State Of Affairs Shades Of Sen. Vandenberg By CLAYTON FRITCHEY WASHINGTON -- If nothing else, the presidential peace missions to Russia and the Middle East are bringing to a head a split in the Democratic Party over the question of co-operating with the Nixon Administration on foreign policy. The situation is not unlike the one that prevailed some 25 years ago when former President Harry Truman, also v/eakened by domestic difficulties and at a low point in the popularity polls; ran into problems when his vulnerable political position tempted the Republicans to carry their partisanship beyond the water's edge. The opposition was led by the late Robert A. Taft of Ohio, then the Republican Senate leader and a candidate for the GOP presidential nomination. But fortunately, he was challenged by Sen. Arthur Vandenberg of Michigan, also a presidential contender, who was against extreme partisanship on foreign policy. ; Â· , . Â· .'Â· : In, the showdown, the Vandenberg view prevailed, with the result that the GOP, to its lasting credit, supported most of Mr. Truman's great postwar initiatives, such as the Marshall Plan, NATO and the Atlantic Alliance, which rescued Europe from collapse and potential Communist domination. Today, the Taft role in some degree has been assumed by Sen. Henry (Scoop) Jackson of Washington who, like Taft, has presidential ambitions. To an ever-increasing extent, he has been leading the opposition to the NIxbn-Kissingcr foreign policy, especially with regard to detente and disarmament. And, in nil fairness, there is little doubt that, again like Taft, he is motivated by conviction as well as ambition. AS YET, NO Democratic V a n d e n b e r g h a s definitely emerged, but another prominent Democratic presidential possibility. Sen. Walter (Fritz) Mondale of Minnesota, seems to be rapidly moving In that Â· direction. So far, his efforts' have been unobtrusive, for his immediate objective is apparently to establish bipartisanship as a formal pavly position rather than merely a Mondale stand. Nevertheless, he is on the move. Just before the President took off for Moscow, Mondale outlined his recommendations in a personal letter to Sen. Mike Mansfield of Montant, the Democratic majority leader. "Regardless of Watergate,' Mondale wrote, "regard. less of the President's loss of confidence at home, it seems to me that we in the Congress, for the sake of the national interest, must in the present circumstances sustain the constitutional leader in the conduct of foreign policy." That does not mean, he added, "that we must necessarily agree Â· with him or automatic- .ally approve whatever he does. But it does mean that in foreign policy the President should receive the kind of support that will insure that the Soviet Union will in no way be encouraged to exploit what may appear to them as a breawdown in American leadership." Mondale's thoughts fell on receptive ears, for Mansfield as majority leader has himself consistently shunned harsh part i s a n s h i p . Moreover, other party loaders, such as Sen. Robert Byrd of West Virginia, the assistant : majority leader, and Sen. Edward Kennedy of Massachusetts h a y e independently been arriving at conclusions similar to Mondale's. A few days after the Mondalt letter was circulated on Capitol Hill, Sen. Byrd took to the Senate floor to say, "Regardless of what domestic problems may be unresolved at this time, I believe that the American people are generally behind the President in his international dealings. While I shall withhold my judgment regarding any commitments the President may make at the summit, he has my support in his desire to prevent the Soviet-American detente from losing momentum." UNTIL RECENTLY, Sen. Jackson seemed to have a majority of Senate Democrats with him in his challenge to detente and his efforts to limit it through legislative restrictions on U.S.-Soviet trade. Now the wind is beginning to blow the other way, even though the just-concluded summit meeting produced no notable new successes. ' -. Mondale appears to think bipartisanship is not only good policy but good politics. His associates say that he is convinced that the American people want peace above all else and recognize that this can only be achieved through cons t r u c t i v e coexistence with Russia. It could also be that Mondale has a hunch that his is a better campaign position than Jackson's come the next presidential primaries. In any case, the senior senator from Minnesota is now saying flat out, "The American people have a profound stake in SALT (Strategic Arms Limitation Talks). Attempts to discredit this effort for personal political gain must not be tolerated. Despite our reservations concerning other aspects of the President's behavior, SALT is clearly an area in which he deserves the fullest bipartisan support." (C) 1874, Los Angeles Times in the Senate. When Sens. James Allen, D-Ala., Sam Ervin, D-N.C., and James Buckley, R-N.Y., threatened a filibuster. Senate leader Mike Mansfield lost his enthusiasm for the measure. . Mansfield feels he must get critical legislation through the Senate before the impeachment trial begins and the mere threat of a long debate on the consumer bill discouraged him. Thus, the consumers -may become the next victims of Watergate. W A S H I N G T 0 N WHIRL: Henry Kissinger recently took time out from the Middle East crisis to jawbone his fellow cabinet members on Vietnam. But it wasn't more aid to Sal-: gon but 3,500 Vietnamese orphans that concerned him. Kissinger himself a refugee from Nazi Germany as a youngster, urged his colleagues in a private note to help him "streamline- immigration and adoption procedures . to unite many of the eligible children with American families"... House impeachment counsel- John. Doar, while investigating- allegations of favoritism against President Nxon, wound up with' . his ..daughter Gael on the. committee payroll. Another impeachment lawyer, Joseph Woods has a daughter working for the committee. A committee spokesman explained that Doar had not requested the job for his daughter and that Woods had left the .staff before his daughter was hired. A Fresh Look At Inflation WASHINGTON (ERR) - The- American Bankers Association will hold a symposium here July 17-18 on the causes, effects, and possible cures of in-, flalion. AN AXIOM OF modern poll- tics" holds that unemployment, not inflation, determines the fate of governments. With most of the world in the grap of double-digit inflation, that piece of conventional wisdom no longer seems sound. A growing number of people are prepared to: accept a dose of harsh economic medicine to. bring prices under control, and governments are beginning to prescribe it. France, for example, is imposing higher taxes on individuals and corporations and- taking other steps to dampen consumer spending. Israel's recently announced anti-inflation package was even tougher. It includes a drastic cutback in government spending and public construction, new taxes on income, property and im-'. ports, and a freeze on half of the 20 per cent cost-of-living increase that all wage-earners were to have received starting - tins month. In effect, workers' pay was cut. Meanwhile, leading central bankers are waiting to see what the United States will do. Sir John Phillips, governor of the Reserve Bank of Australia, told U.S. News World Report: "If America takes the lead, it makes it easier for other countries to pursue effective anti-inflation measures." Kenneth Rush, the new White House ECO- n o m i c coordinator, has promisd vigorous action but cautioned: "There are no great new ideas that suddenly solve inflation There is no great new drug th- gets on top of this" epidem:.. "! inflation." M o s T ECONOMISTS no doubt- would agree with that statement. In the past year or so, their forecasts on inflation and other aspects of business activity turned out to be far off the mark. They are at a loss to explain how and where they went wrong. Business Week described their feelings as follows: "When the forecast goes seriously wrong, it suggests that .something is wrong with the theory. And when all forecasts miss the mark, it suggests that the entire body of economic thinking -- accumulated in the 200 years since Adam Smith laid the basis for modern theory with his Inquiry into the Wealth of Nations -- is inadequate to describe and analyze the problems of our times." THE MONETARIST school of t.economics remains unshaken in its conviction that governments create inflation by over-expanding the money supply. Thus, the Federal Reserve Board is crili-. cized for allowing the money supply to grow at an annual rate of 7 per cent from 1970 Â·through 1973. A study by the congressional Joint Economic Committee in 1968 had concluded that the annua'. rate of increase should stay within a range of 2 to 6 per cent a year. ; The best known American monetarist, Milton Friedman of the University of Chicago, advocates "indexation" as a stopgap approach to the inflation problem. Indexation entails adjusting wages and salaries, the face value of life insurance and other assets, interest rates on loans, and even income taxes according to price trends. Friedman recommends the government's Consumer Price Index as the best available yardstick. In the long run, Friedman contends, indexation would spur the government on to greater efforts to keep inflation in check. It's a tempting prospect, as long as one bears in mind the current tendency of economic forccpsls to go mv;-y.