Page 1 article text (OCR)
INSIDE- For Women 3 Editorial ....; .- 4 Sports 3;.... 7-8 Comics 10 Classified v.. 11-13 Amusements 14 Jlortijtoest The Public Interest Is The First Concern Of This Newspaper IOCAI FORECAST- Partly cloudy and continued hot through Tuesday with slight chance of afternoon or evening thundershowcrs. Low tonight low 70s with a Tuesday high in mid 80s. Sunset today 8:36; sunrise Tuesday C:07. . Weather map on Page 6. 115th YEAR-NUMBER 24 FAYETTEVILLE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, JULY 8, 1974 Â·Â£Â·14 PAGES-TEN CENTS In His Own Defense Ehdichman Takes Stand WASHINGTON (AP) -. John D. Ehrlichman took the stand in the plumbers trial today and directly contradicted the testimony of a former assistant about files relating to the break-in at the office of Daniel Ellsberg's psychiatrist. Ehrlichman, testifying in his own defense, said he never read files delivered to him by David It, Young, once co-director of the special While House investigative unit known as the plumbers. Young has testified that Ehrlichman ,told him last March that some plumbers' mernos "were a little too sensitive and showed too much forethought" about the break-in Sept. 3, 1971. Ehrlichman and three others are accused of violating the rights of the psychiatrist, Dr, Lewis J. Fielding, who was treating Ellsherg, leaker of the 'entagon Papers, at the time f the break-in. Instead of reading the files at he time the break-in came under formal investigation by the i'BI, Ehrlichman testified that ic ordered them returned to Young. Ehrlichman, 49, portrayed his own role in the plumbers oper- ,tion as merely peripheral. When the papers were first leaked to the press by Ellsberg, Ehrlichman said he worked with the Justice Department, at President Nixon's behest, to prevent the New York Times and other newspapers from continuing publication of the Vietnam studies. Ehrlichman quoted Nixon a: saying later, in mid-July 1971, "You get hack onto domestic policy matters and leave Ellsberg and the Pentagon Papers stuff to the man I designate." That man into Ellsberg's associates, -Eh- In WaterggteiRe/ated Hearing trogh.who frequently reported directly to the President on the nvestigation motives and rlichman said. Ehrlichman, until last April 30 among the-closest of Nixon's nner circle, said the President vas fearful that Ellsberg had not acted alone and that there may be more leaks coming in the summer of 1971. Of the: plumbers' files which Young said he reviewed with Ehrlichman, .Ehrlichrhan testified he remembered a busy schedule after the files were delivered March 21 or 22, 1973. "I remember saying I'm not going to get to this. I'm leaving town for several days ... I'm sure I caused them to be sent back," he testified. Historic Issue Before High Court WASHINGTON (AP) -- Whitelthe President to produce tapes peachment deliberations of the ,,.,,,, ir.nTT.str Tnivinc- T"l St i j i_ i_t i o_~ 1-TflllKP .Iklfllpinrv f nmiTÂ»iHro House lawyer James D. St. Clair told the Supreme Court today it is being drawn inevitably and inexorably into the impeachment proceedings against President Nixon. Asking the court to overturn a lower court order directing and documents sought by Special Prosecutor Leon for use in the Watergate cover- up trial, St..Clair said: "No one could argue that the proceedings Kissinger Opens Talks In London LONDON (AP) -- Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger stopped in London today and met with British officials on prospects for channeling Arab oil money into long-term in : vestments in Western Europe. The high cost of petroleum and raw materials has contributed to economic instability for many of the allies. U.S. officials said the tentative objective of Kissinger's talks with Denis Healey, chancellor of the exchequer, and Foreign Secretary James Cal- lashan is formation of an arrangement for offering attractive investment opportunities to the Arab states. West German Chancellor Helmut Schmidt broached the subject to Kissinger during the weekend in Munich. Kissinger flew from the West German city today. Schmidt told newsmen that Europe's economic problems are more important than stalemated East-West negotiations on troop reductions and security measures. FUNDS INVESTED The Arab oil states have been i n v e s t i n g some of their enormous returns in European short-term bank accounts. In seeking the stability of long- term investments the Europeans hope to moderate the current high rate of inflation. The U.S. officials said a joint approach would supplement bilateral deals such as one in which the United States has undertaken to provide technological assistance to Saudi Arabia. The American secretary of state also is briefing Callaghan, Prime Minister Harold Wilson and others on the Moscow summit meeting between President Nixon 'and Soviet leader Leonid I. Brehnev. Kissinger goes Tuesday to Madrid, the last scheduled stop on his tour to brief West Eu- r.opean leaders on Nixon's sum- were sent back to Young's of- Rising To The Occasion Julie Peterson appears almost ready to take off with her loail of balloons at an Arlington, Texas amusement park over Independence Day weekend. (AP Wirephoto) Police Hold Two Suspects In Robbery At Springdale Impeachment Probe Hears Its Close WASHINGTON (AP) -- The House Judiciary Committee is entering what Chairman Peter W, Hodirio Jr., D-N.J., hopes will be the final week of its impeachment inquiry with John W. Dean III as a key witness. Dean, whose Senate testimony a year ago linking President Nixon to the Watergate cover-up helped . start "the march of,events that led to the impeachment 1 proceedings, ' is due to appear before the committee Tuesday or Wednesday. Frederick C. LaRue, a former official in Nixon's re-elec- .ion committee, continues, his testimony today. Dean is being called at the request of Nixon's impeachment lawyer, James D. St. Clair, who .apparently hopes through cross - examination to discredit some of Dean's previous testimony. However, St. Clair may be sharply restricted in the questions: he can p u t - t o Dean because the committee inquiry is not a trial. The scope of his examination will be set by the committee. LIMITED QUESTIONING St. Clair has told the committee he wants to question Dean only about his role in the payment of-$75,000 to convicted Watergate conspirator .E. Howard Hunt" Jr. and his discussion with Nixon on March 21. 1973, about demands for money by Hunt and other Watergate de- by . having Dean House Judiciary Committee. means what he it does" without Supreme Court proceedings inevitably Americans are no exorably," St. Clair said. longer equal under the law. The special prosecutor said it Clair in the oral arguments be- will have no impact" on the im- fore the court, said that if Pres- appropriato to vest such powei --AP Wlreohoto WAITING FOR HEARING TO START . . . History pro/. David Sansiny reads as l\e aiuqtfs opening of today's Supreme Court hearing of today's Supreme Court hearing on Watergate issues. Court building is in background Lower Speeds Credited With Low Death Toll fendants. However, called, St. Clair has made it mil trip. In West Germany Sunday Kissinger and Chancellor Helmut Schmidt agreed in friendly talks on a wide variety of subjects including energy, currency and relations between the United Stales and West Germany, their spokesmen reported. Cyclist Injured David N. Ragan, 19, a soldier stationed at 1't. Bliss, Texas, was treated and released at Washington Regional Medical Center late Saturday afternoon following a niotocycle-car accident on the Hwy. 71 bypass at its intersection with Johnson Road. Fayetleville police said Ragan's motocyclo and a car driven by Jack W. Barnes, 32, of Cave Springs were both southbound on the bypass at the time of the accident. Barnes fold police he was making a left turn onto Johnson Road when Ragan attempted to pass him across a double yellow line. SPRINGDALE -- Two men were arrested in Lincoln early Sunday morning within half an hour after police were notified of an armed robcry at a Springdale residence. Robbery charges are expected to be filed today in Washington Circuit Court against Roe II. Lance, 35, of Dexter, Mo., and Randall T. Regelin, 23, of Spring Lake. Mich. The' two are believed to have robbed Deri Howerton in his home- at 710 S. Pleasant St., about 12:30 a.m. Sunday. Police said Howerton aivivcd home about 1 a.m. lo find |two men inside his house. One man, armed with a .22 caliber pistol, ordered Howerton to lie on the floor. The men tied Howerton's hands and feet with rope, wrapped him in a blanket and put him in his bed. Howerton told police both men said they didn't want lo hurt him. After ransacking the house of more than $200 in currency and coins, jewelry, a wrist watch and other small items, the men drove off in Howerton's car. Howerton freed himself of the bedclothing and, still wrappet in a blanket and tied, hoppec lo a neighbor's house. Police were notified about 1:30 a.m. Police immediately put out a stolen car alert on Howerton's car, a blue 1971 Corvette Prairie Grove and Lincoln po lice spotted the car headed wes on Hwy. 62 and converged on the vehicle, stopping it in Lin coin where the two men were arrested about 2 a.m. Sunday. Most of the money and pro perty laken from Howerton'! home was recovered in the ca and two from the pockets of thi suspects, police said Among their possessions was a nagazine clipping titled "How o Steal Yourself Rich." Regelin is being held on 20,000 bond. Lance is being eld on $22.500 bond. He is also barged by Washington County fficials with one count of is- .uing a fraudulent check. Extra Session In 3rd Week LITTLE ROCK (AP) -- Cosl- if-living pay raises for teachers ind state employes and the controversy over the qualifica- ions of Sen. Guy II. "Mutt" Jones lo serve in the Senate are among items to be discussed as the special legislative session enters its third week today. Salary increases have been proposed. for state agency em- ployes, public school employes, and university employes, but no elemenl of the various proposals has been approved by both houses of the General Assembly. The basic conflict on stale employes and college and uni- versily faculties has been whether to give a percentage of present salaries or the same increase for all. For the public school employ- es, the issue is whether a flat raise should be given rather than giving more money to the poor school districts and less to possible for the impeachment inquiry staff to range over his whole series of charges about While House involvement in the cover-up. St. Clair is pinnointing his defense on the $75,000 payment, attempting to prove it was for legal fees; not hush money to keep Hunt from talking. But the inquiry staff has .developed a much broader case, for which Dean might provide more detail. The staff already has gone far beyond the March 21 events with LaRue, also 'called at St. Clair's suggestion. LaRue delivered the $75,000 payment to Hunt's lawyer, and St. Clair wants to Question him only about that. But LaRue, who has pleaded guilty to conspiracy to obstruct Justice, delivered a total of $230.00(1 from White House fund to Watergate defendants, and the staff is questioning him about that. Showers May Dampen State By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The chance of precipitation will exist in Arkansas through Tuesday. The National Weather Service forecast calls for a few mainly afternoon and evening showers and thunderstorms through Tuesday. The forecast also calls for parlly cloudy skies and continued warm temperatures. The showers will result from daytime heating and instability provided by an upper level disturbance located over Loui- CHICAGO (AP) -- Lowered speed limits are responsible' for reducing the : Fourth: of July holiday traffic death toll by almost one-third, a survey of law enforcement and Â· safety officials indicates. While officials in some states reported somewhat . less traffic than normal during the 102- hour holiday period,, most questioned Sunday pointed to the 55 mile per hour speed limit as the major factor in reduced highway deaths. "I think we're reducing the number of deaths every month that we have it and'can enforce it adequately," said Col. E. W. Jones, commander of the North Carolina State Patrol. "Speed comes s h i n i n g through as the major factor," aid a spokesman for the Na- ional . Safely Council. T h e council predicted that 450 to 550 ersons would die over the our-day weekend, which began it fi p.m. Wednesday. The death toll for the period w a s . 519. compared with' 758 in 1972, the most recent four-day Fourth of July weekend. The reduced death toll appears "way out of proportion to .he relative reduction in miles ;raveled," said Maj. Richard Lueck of the Minnesota State Patrol. "We can only conclude Ihat the 55 m.p.h. limit is the basic factor." Highway officials sampled at random by The Associated Press were nearly unanimous in citing reduced speeds as the major factor in the fewer traffic deaths. Some also pointed to ntiTOiiEimaM^ NEWS BRIEFS Driver Injured SPRINGDALE -- James Boling, 23, of 1003 Wilkinson Dr., was treated and released at Springdale Memorial Hospital Saturday afternoon for injuries received in a one car accident on Wobbe Lane, east of Lowell Rosd. Boling was a passenger in a car driven by Lester Parry Simpson, 25, address unknown, which ran off Wobbe Lane, struck a mailbox and post and landed in a ditch. Market Tumbles NEW YORK (AP) -- The stock market tumbled to its lowest point in several years to day, giving way again to the pressure of record high interes rates. The noon Dow Jones average of 30 industrials was down 11.8E at 779.88. It last closed lowei . than ihat in November of 1970. Fire Said Arson SPRINGDALE -- A fire in a storage building behind the Grapevine Tavern at Hwy. 68 west and Kings Road is 'believed to have been arson, Fire Chief Mickey Jackson said today. Damage to the building, owned by Dwight Phillips consisted of a burnt wall and partition. The Washington County sheriff's office is investigating the fire. Jackson said an incendiary device was used to star the blaze. Prisoners Escape SEARCY, Ark. (AP) - The search continued today for two White County Jail inmalcs v/Y escaped from their cells early Saturday via a dumbwaiter. Authorities said the men ' escaped via the elevated food-ca rier after jamming their eel lock with cotton and a razor blade holder. duced travel because of high- m President Nixon "in a personally delicate situation involving criminal c h a r g e s against Iwo of his former clos- esls aides and devotees," John D. Ehrlichman and II. I), Haldeman. Justice Potter Stewart asked St. Clair whether he mesnt the court should be "slopped dead in ils tracks" because the impeachment proceedings were under way. St. Clair said he did not, but argued that impeachment itself should be left solely to the legislative branch of government as provided in the Constitution, .laworski consumed nearly an hour of the historic hearing presenting his opening argument and answering numerous questions from the eight justices taking part in the case. The Supreme Court extended its 1973-74 lerm, originally scheduled to end late last months, to hear the.arguments from Jaworski and St. Clair over whether President Nixon must surrender the material sought by .the special prosecutor. Jaworski said he was told when he was hired as special prosecutor that "I would have the right to take the President . to court." But St. Clair argued again and again that President Nixon had not relinquished his right to decide what confidential conversations should, be made available. "The right to force the President to give up confidential communications -- that was not delegated," St. Clair said. He said it was Jaworski's point of view that as special prosecutor "he's a fourth entity" of government when there are only three branches: The exccufive, legislative and judicial. SECOND QUESTION Another question before the I court is whether the ; grand jury hat indicted Haldeman and Ehrlichman exceeded its au- hority by naming Nixon as an unindicietd co-conspirator in the Watergate cover-up. In response to a question gas prices. States contacted included achusetts, Ohio, oulh Carolina, lorida, Louisiana, Wisconsin, orth and South Dakota, Mas- North and Connecticut, ew Hampshire, New Mexico, exas, 'Colorado, Arkansas, innesola and Nebraska. Only Nebraska officials dis- ounted reduced speeds and out le major emphasis on a reduc- on in travel. "I don't think the speed limit eally has anything to do with . When there's no traffic, lore's no fatalities," a spokes nan said. That state's II week- nd fatalities pushed the toll ive persons over the July 3-8 erioct of 1973. "We had predicted 15 billion rtiles would be driven over the oliday weekend--not a sub tantial reduction in travel compared to 15.7 billion miles 1972)," said National Safet Council spokesman Ron Kuy kendall. OTHER FACTORS 'rom Justice William J. Brennan, Jaworski said he would he entitled to the material he sought whether or not the grand jury had named Nixon as a co-conspirator. Justice William 0. Douglas raised a question as to the relevance of the grand, jury's decision lo name Nixon a coconspirator. . Jaworski said the action is relevant because it shows Ihat the material he seeks would be useful in the trial. Chief Justice Warren Burger asked St. Clair whether he was arguing that great chunks of tapes sought by Jaworski are irrelevant to the'cover-up trial. "Other factors may play a part; pe7le may be taking ewer long highway trips, ilaybe parents aren'l giving een-agers the car as much because of high gas prices," said Kuykendall. "But speed comes shining through as the major factor in reduced deaths." he said. The National Safety Council says chance of survival in Â·y crash at 50 m.p.h. is four times greater than at 70 m.p.h. and statistics indicate lhal 75 per cent compliance wilh the 55 m.p.h. limit could save 8,500 lives a year. The 1974 Memorial Day holiday was Ihe first long St: Clair said he was. Justice Thurgood Marshall suggested that the President is ignoring the subpoena for' tha tapes and St. Clair protested that the President has not ignored it but had answered in court wilh a motion to dismiss it. Marshall asked what was '' 'the difference between ignor- ng and the motion to quash." St. Clair replied that the difference was that the dismissal motion was being submitted to the court. . St. Clair has held in his briefs that the President has the right (CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO) Germany Wins MUNICH, Germany (AP) -The city of Munich rocked with wild jubilation after West Germany captured the World Cup, the ultimate prize in soccer, in a match against The Netherlands. The West Germans took their first World Cup in 20 years Sunday in the match, held at the (CONTINUED ON PAGE Two) |siana. In the a game which climaxed three-week struggle for . U f l V HI UIC l l J n L C L l , IIE1U tn. lÂ» g weekend 0]vmpi( . stadium here before since speeds were lowered na- Â· t i ' a n crowd of flo ,,,,,, wilh tionwide, and it produced theij.i tri lowest dealh toll for a three- day holiday since 1960. The highway death toll was down 25 per cent during Ihe first three months of this year, compared with 1973, followed by reductions of 22 per cent in April and 23 per cent in May, Kuykendall s;:id. world soccer supremacy--viewed by millions both live and on television --the West Germans came back from a 1-0 deficit in the early going to score two quick goals in the remainder of the first half. Few National Guard Armories Guarded, Survey Shows By THE ASSOCIATED PItESS Most National Guard armories have anti-burglary systems, but an informal survey shows many are unguarded by humans mainly because officials say" security patrols are loo cosily. A spol check was made Sunday in the wake of last week's looting of an armory in Com- plon, Calif., in which the FBI said thieves stole enough sophisticated weaponry to equip more than 150 soldiers for combat. The break-in at the armory in suburban Los Angeles occurred while the facility was un- guarded and before officials could finish installing electronic security devices. Thieves in recent years have broken into other armories in California and storage facilities in other stales, including Pennsylvania, Florida, Massachusetts, Kansas, Oklahoma and Arkansas. "The Guard just doesn't have enough people to have.lhem sit in an armory all the time," said Lt. Rick Roberts, a Guard spokesman In Philadelphia. He said there haven't been "any robberies, just breaking and entering. Most of it is vandalism -- windows b e i n g smashed and things like that." He said the 107 Guard facil- ilies in Pennsylvania, are pro- :ected by burglar alarms, recuient police patrols and the separation of firing mechanisms and ammunition from torcd weapons. In California, where there have been three major break- ins since 1971, a Guard spokesman said all 140 installations in the state would have electronic alarm systems by next June. In Washington, D.C., the Na tional Guard Bureau said it provides guidelines on storing weapons and has paid 75 per cent ot the cost o[ anti-inlrusion devices since inslallalion began n 1971. States must provide human guards at their own expense, a spokesman said. He said 3,365 of the 4,333 weapons vaults around the nation are equipped with electronic alarm systems. Other officials said a wide variety of systems were used, some so sensitive that a knock on the door would set bells ringing at police headquarters." "Â·.!.Â·Â· ' , Gua'rd officials queried 'Sunday said they had no plans to beef up security as a result of the Los Angeles break-in. San Francisco police criti- :ized the Guard for "shrugging off" thefts of weapons. A spokesman said when stolen arms are recovered they often Â£o unclaimed because Ihe Guard doesn't want to admit its security was breeched. Guard spokesman have denied the charge. In January 1973, 51 M16 automatic rifles, a grenade launcher a,nd,a. i bazooka iwere among \yeapoi]s stolen from an armory in : Council'-Grove, Kan. Two men were convicted and sen lenced. A Guard official in Colorado A Guard official in Colorado said the last armory burglary there' was 10 years ago and "just a few pistols were stolen." He said civilian guards pa- troled at Ihree of the state's 24 armories hut fewer than 1,000 weapons were slored at these armories. A spokesman in Georgia said alarm systems have been installed and break-ins would be "highly unlikely" because intruders would have lo go through certain barriers anc "there are safeguards inside Ihe vaults themselves." In Ihe Los Angeles case, an nvestigator said "there's a manual anyone in the Guard can send for that gives you the loor plan (of the armory) in writing." In Oklahoma, an armory at Muskogee was broken into June 27 and five .45-calibcr pistols were stolen. Investigators theorize someone may have hidden inside the armory until the doors were locked for Ihe night, Facilities in Oklahoma are unguarded and officials saic locks and vaults wera suf ficicnt. In Montana, a Guard spokes man said weapons are stored a ho state's 23 armories in ocked vaults wilh silent alarms led into police headquarters. A similar security system has )een installed at all of Wash- ngton state's 69 Guard installations within the lasl six monlhs. In Florida, a Guard spokesman said there had been .several thefls from armories 'Â· in Jacksonville in Ihe last several years. He said alarm systems were installed throughout the state. ,1 In some stales, Guard officials refused to discuss security.