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Holdout Aimed At Boosting Prices NorthwMt Arkantai TIMES, Sunday, July 7, 1974 Â· FAYKTTCVILLI, AMKANIA* 5A So-So Wheat Crop Promises A Bad Year For Everybody ;Â· WELLINGTON, Kun. (AP)-The field was gilded to the hori- ,-zon with ripening grain, but the '. farmer cursed softly,", misera- Â· bly, to himself as ,-he'-waded .Â·through Waist-high'wheat. Â·, "This just .wasn't the,year," ,- he said. "Last year we, raised the best whi'at a man can grow. We're just not going la make it like that now: Dam- milall." With rough hands, he" gently "They're all supposed to .be cuddled pods. a bundle of wheat long and full like just that. But didn,'t fill most of them out." Pulling down a cap to shade his eyes, he watched a distant combine churn through rippling "See this one here," he said, grain,like a'ship at sea, leaving 'Big Nosey's Been thrown Out Of Better Joints Than The Supreme Court' behind a' wake of straw and dust. Two trucks.parked nearby held heaps of the reddish-gold wheat and a. boy was .ankle deep in''the'grain, leveling : 'a load with a shovel. The farmer eyed a faraway bank of silver' gray clpuils plump with the promise of 'rain or of hail. He nervously tugged again at his cap.' I made 45 bushels an acre here last year," he said. "I'll be lucky to get 30 now. I swear, it's enough to lurn.you into city people." The scene was common in Kansas and throughout the wheat belt. In a business that is really a boom or bust contest with nature. 1974 will be re membered mostly as a draw The farmer won some. But so did nature. The harvest is just past nil! completed, with combines nov cutting fields in Nebraska. 3u even before they started u Texas last month, the 1974 wheat crop had assumed an im pprtance matched by lew ;i history. SURPLUSES GO?JE Almost gone are the immens' surpluses of government grain from previous-years. No longe can stored -wheat be pullec from federal .bins to counte rising-prices at home or turr back famine abroad. The U.S. agricultural marve had been available for years * the nations of the world, prop ping up wheat -supplies whe crops failed, as they might thi year in Africa, Asia and Indi because of drought. Harvest, 1974, is also a ne era for the farmer.. Without th huge government surpluses t tilt the supply" and deman quation, the farmer com mands the grain market. He, .one, is the source of supply. y withholding his wheat he an drive up price. The. holdout has begun. Farmers who were stung- last ear by the profiteering of peculators have stored up to ) per cent of Iheir newly-har- estcd grain instead of selling. \cross the wheat belt, m.iny aid they're waiting for the rice to reach S4.50 a bushel. II vas $4 a bushel as June ended. Wheat Harvest: ended. 300 "By mid-July, the American aimer could control a big parentage of the world's supply o' ree .wheat," Ihoades of most certainly, experts feel, if 1 10 holdout continues., prices ill go up for bread, cereal, lacaroni, pasta,' pastries and he hundreds of other food rodilcts tied to wheat. CONCERN KELT Prom government desks m Vashinglon, the 1974 wheat rop looks good, but there is oncern. The government's une estimate placed the total larvest at a record 2.09 billion iiishcls, some 300 million bush- Is more than last year. Bui his was nearly 100 million bushels less than the May esli- says Charles the Oklahoma Vheat Commission. "It's a war if nerves and the farmers have control for the first time." The precise effect on prices at the consumer level might no be known for months. But al Virginia Vacationland RICHMOND (AP) -- Abou one-tenth of the slate of Vir jinia (two million acres) is de voted to . public recreation areas, according to "Virginii Facts and Figures." There are 20 state parks, twi national 'forests, a nationa park, a national recreationa area, four scenic parkways, national seashore, an interstat park, many wild life and wa terfowl management areas an many historic landmarks. There also are 180 gol courses, thousands of miles c hiking trails,, ski areas, skatin^ rinks, 1,500 miles of shoreline 450 public fishing streams, 1,5C miles of trout .streams, 200 campgrounds and 19,000 individual campsites. mate of 2.1 billion bushels, experts, among them Thomas E. Oslrander, presi dent of the Kansas Wheat Raisers Association, think the flna igure will bÂ» less than 2 bU ion. Through central Kansas . an Jklahoma, the weather played tricks with timing. Last fall when winter wheat was plant 2d, the fields were-too wet. I. March, w h e n ' f h e tender plant were beginning to race towari maturity, a freeze 'stunted thou sands of acres; And in May When the grain pods were fill ing out, hot, dry winds blew fo days, causing kernels to shriv el. "I don't think I planted ; single acre in what I could ca! good condition," said Ostra nrier, who had 2,200 acres wheat. The result is showing up nov at grain elevators. "I know farmers who mad 45 bushels last year," said a elevator operator in Wichita "They're getting 25 and 30 now And a lot of that is not goo quality." Weight tells a lot about whea quality. Last year a bushe om this area weighed 62 ounds or more. This year, any are less than 60. Farms average 1,000 a.cres round Wellington, the center f Sumner County and the most rolific wheat area in Kansas. n turn.the most prolific wheat late. Â· Some' farmers here work iree times that much land. The dark, compact, sweet melling soil is ideal for grow- ng wheat and is some of ihÂ« nost expensive farmland in the lation. Choice land is selling or $1.000 an acre and very iltle is available. Hence, a 1,000-acre farmer is vorking on $1 million worth ol and. And each year he invests n this land, !n the long months before harvest, $100,000 in ter- ilizer, seed, sometimes irriga ,ion, and the labor of weeding and cultivation. AT NATURE'S WHIM It's an investment' that : wil lay off only on' the whim of na ,ure. Too much rain in the fal and planting can be late o even impossible. A late spring "reeze can scar and stunt '.he wheat, lowering production And after eight months of slow ly maturing, the most perilou time of all Tor winter wheat the 10-to-14 day harvest period. A suddent hail storm can flat ten the crop. "I've seen a field after hai It looked like- it had 'bee plowed under," says a youn farm wife. ' "". ' : Fire is also a: serious men ace! Lightning or heat from faulty combine or truck c start grain fires that burn awa harvest dreamt in only brie moments. Â·' In Kansas, the wheat harves is a time of But-wrenching ten sion. People and machines muster s if for an invasion. Farm Ives abandon air-conditioned omes' to drive trucks in dust nd heat. Young children, left n their own, play in the straw field side. Tempers flare, linor breakdowns loom as f.ra- edies. Highways jam with rucks and lumbering com- ines. Exhausted workers push tiemselves. straining for every )ushel. For the farmer, the work .oesn't end at harvest. After the fields are stripped, ic'll spend up to 3.000 hours ind many thousands of dollars .'lowing, cultivating and fertiliz- ng, getting ready for the next crop. Peace comes only after tha October planting. Then the vheat people relax and nature does the work. "From Nov. 1 to Jan. 1, I don't intend to do anything." Ostrander says, "and I don't care who knows it." Wood Phased Out ST. AUGUSTINE. Fla. (AP) -- If you want photographs of .hose quaint wooden fishing 3oats, take your pictures now Because they are about to go .he way of the old frigates. Following the lead of recreational boat makers, commercial yards are switching to fiber glass reinforced plastic for the material's safety and durability advantages. ' Â· Â· A manufacturing company here, the nation's largest producer of shrimp boats, has been phasing into fiber glass for four years. In North Carolina Hills Soul City Hearing Reality Â· SOUL .CITY, Re. ( A P ) ' . -.Ribbons of red clay rutted'by '.car arid truck tires meet atop a Â·.gently.sloping hill on the plains ;of. North Carolina's Warren County, Where the roads cross, ^highway marker' reads: "Soul v City; p ' , , - Â· Â· ' .- ' . . The simple signs stands as a symbol of transition from the Â·days when- 1 Warren County. \vas ', a center' of slavery to the time ' -- still in the future -- when Smil City will he real: a self-sufficient town of 50,000 planned by blacks as an inter- .racial community. Six years In the making, Soul City today'is 5,200 acres of rolling rheadowland, broken occasionally by tree groves and by mobile homes parked in clusters or alone. These are the , temporary homes and offices of Soul City's first residents, 225 people in -all. They are the staff-that is building Soul City, and their families. Their leader is Floyd McKissick a balding six-footer whose name is famous in civil rights. McKissick, now 52, resigned in 1968 as national chair- White Indian Tribe Found Deep In Amazon Jungles . RIO . DE JANEIRO, Brazil (AP) -- Disappearing into the .forest for days, a small band of ;Brazilian Indian workers, came - out of ^the wild Amazon jungle ' with astonishing news -- they had contacted white Indians. ' The men from Brazil's Na- ;tional Indian Foundation -' FUNAI -- had been on an exploratory mission up the Ipixuna River which flows to meet "the Xingu, ont of the tribu- , taries of the mighty Amazon "Ocean-river." Nature is magnificent and . tough in that region. Toucans, parrots, and a countless variety 1 of other birds chatter through the jungle which also boasts the enormous anaconda snake that takes month-long naps while digesting capyabara pigs swal: lowed whole. The white, blonde-haired, 'blue-eyed Indians were swim- 'rning'in the Ipixuna River, the ''men claimed ' after they 'emerged from' the tangled for- Â· est. The Indians were friendly ' and showed no fear of the intruders. ; Although th e white-skinned Indians spoke a completely strange language, the FUNAI .men said Â· they managed to communicate and - discovered .the tribe had close to 100 members. . Raimundo Alives, the expedition's leader, wrote a detailed report illustrated with color photographs and sent it to FUNAI headquarters. Puzzled by the informations Helio Rocha, . director of FUNAI's Commission of Am a zon Affairs (COAMA) and i professional anthropologist,- lefi his office and flew to the jungle city of Allamira to check the facts personally. SPECULATM NMOUNTS Although the group had little to say about the newly con ' tacted tribe -- they met only eight of its members -- their conviction and the backup re ports of Indian guides who ac companied the expedition con vinced Rocha that something different had been discovered The discovery gave rise to much speculation. "The phenomenon may be ex plained by the presence o white men in remote times who might have stayed there an mixed with the Indian popu lalion," Rocha announced. Alves, an experienced forcsl e'r With great knowledge of th Amazon region, had anolhe theory. "Despite the color dif ference," he said, the yet un amed tribe "may belong to IB Acurini group, which holds o common customs and lives n the same region." "One of the white women we let," Alives said, "was carry- ng her child in a roughly wo- /en cotton sling. Rudimentary otlon weaving is a technique peculiar to the Acurinis." FUNAI prefers to stay in a wsilion of official silence laiming its experts will have o make deeper studies on the new tribe before any con lusions are reached. Mean vhile, it' has discreetly sched uled helicopter flights to searcl he region, and appointed an anthropologist to study the case. Until now, all that is known about the white tribe is that i las very primitive customs They do not wear clothes anc lave few ornaments. The "White Indians" hav raised skepticism and con roversy in a land long ace us :oined to wild mysteries com ng out of the Amazon wilds ..ast year another group o FUNAI workers discovered o rihe cooking with pols ani ans stamped "Made in th People's Republic of China." Won't Give Up LONDON (AP) -- Christine Woodley didn't pay much alien ion when workmen starled dig jirig a hole in the street outside ler home in the Wapping dis .rict of London four years ago, . But they're, still digging They've been digging the samf iple, filling it up and then dig Â»ing it again for four years. Mrs. Woodley said the work men "told me they wer searching for . a gully pip which drains away, the water They have been looking for i for four years and still haven* found it. I wonder they don' give up." Said neighbor Mrs. Esthe Terry: "every time it rains I'm flooded out. After four year I've given up complaining. Th water has nowhere to go and is just pumped back up th pipes, flooding our apar ments." \ On Weather Patrol Coast Guard Machinist's Mat Third Class David C. Ruper son of Mr. and Mrs. Charle L. Rupert of Bella Vista, ha returned to New Bedford, Mas: after a 32-day weather pain Aboard the Coast Guard Culti Bibb. Satisfaction Guaranteed Â· Replacemenj-jf Money Refunded ummer an of the Congress of Racial quality to return to his native orth Carolina and develop out City. Most of McKissick's closest ollaborators are blacks from civil rights movement. But also .has recruited 21 whites jid three/.Indians on "his staff ' 60. . .Â· 'Â·? "We have brought together lack; white and Indian here," ays McKissick. "We Jind , thai ley' agree 90 per cent''Of' the une and just working together, ou can destroy five per cent of leir differences." PLANT REBUILT Construction of the" first permanent building is, to begin ext month. It's to be a factory iell , 'called "Soul - Tech I." IcKissick says he already' has company under contract, to ccu'py the factory and employ 50 people -- the first step to- vard self-sufficiency. He won't ame the company. ' Once the factory shell Is Larled, construction of permanent homes and shopping :enter is to begin in the fall. Mrs. Evelyn McKissick is one f Ihree Irustees running a san- lalion dislrict established lasl 'ear by the state. It's primarily o benefit Soul City, but also erves Manson, a tiny cross- oads town three miles away. Under North Carolina law, a anitalion district can put in ilumbing, garbage collection, a valer system, eleclricily, levy axes and issue bonds. Some of his is' now being done for Soul City's mobile homes. The 5,200 acres of meadow- and which MeKissick Enter- irises either owns or has op ions to buy is in Warren Coun- y, one of North Carolina's loorest. Its population is 66 per cent black, the largest percentage of blacks of any .North Carolina County. McKissick says one of Soul City's goals is o raise the county income level. At present, the median fam ly income is $6,550. ROADS GO IN The "carving" stage of Soul 3ity is nearing an end.. State lighway crews are cutting a new road from Interstate 85 and soon will pave the clay rural roads that plagued Carey and-other settlers. Gone also is most of the fear among whiles that Warren County, already predominantly jlack, would be overrun by blacks. One of the few outspoken opponents of Soul City is Jeanne flight, an office worker in Henderson, 10 miles from Soul City. She contends lhat federal loan guarantees commit tax money tor special interests. "I don't have anything personally against Mr. McKissick, nor against his development of Soul City, but I just don't feel like it ought lo come out of the taxpayers' pockets," said Mrs. Might. Soul City got a big boost when the Chase Manhattan Bank of New York, whose President is David Rockefeller, decided lo provide development money. Melvin Homes, city manager of Henderson, admits to envy of the Soul City project. "They have the strongest zon ing ordinance that has ever been adopted in " North Carolina," he said. "If that plan is followed, nobody has any reason to object to that city." 06-30-74 03:26cdt Values 53Â£ B A. Tools for every fob YOUR CHOICE Coping saw set, hammer set, wrench set, drill set, levels for every purpose, pliers, screwdriver sets and morel reach B. Handy kitchen gadgets YOUR CHOICE Choose from these: chopper/slicer, egg separator, serving spade, frozen-food knife salad set, tongs, and more. C. Danish Tivoli mobile Table-top conversation piecel Colorful ( plastic balls on thin wires seem to float Â« in air. Wrought iron base. Decorative. 'each] E f-~"^ JÂ» \Â£^^J D.Kantero X1O1 camera set $988 Includes ins.tahiatic camera, CX-126-12 film, GE Magicubes, carrying case and album. Picture taking fun. Save now! Reg. $12.88 E. Realistic mini "Peelers" YOUR CHOICE Sports cars, sedans, cars of future and trucks. All built with scale-size exactness. Some have movable parts; hoods lift up and more. Colorful. Buy several! 'each F. Assorted toys and games YOUR CHOICE $129 Â· each Great fun for small-fry! Selection includes snap-on blocks, baby dolls with accessories, car arid truck assortment, and much, much morel Japanese style ceramic teapet *2.88 16-cup size. Japanese style designs with rattan handle. Pick from six shapes, six designs. Colorful pocket AM portable radio *3.99 Solid state. Battery operated (included). Earphone, carry case. Easy read drum dial. BANKAMERI'CARD master charge Northwest Arkansas Plaza Open Daily 10 a.m. to 9 p.m. Thank You For Shopping Woolworth ~'^i AM/FM digital $ 26.88 clock radio Reg. $29.99 Solid state. 3-step on/off automatic function. Switch. Wake-up alarm. Get this sound value! Framed mirror on rich itand *3.77 Adjustable mirror in richly .decorated ornamental stand. 19x12". Made of sturdy plastic. Big-sound AJK/FM5 portable radio Operates on both AC and batteries. Solid state, rich sound. Batteries included. Black leath- ertte case, Shoulder strap.