Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on July 5, 1974 · Page 4
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July 5, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 4

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Friday, July 5, 1974
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Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest Is Tht First Concern Of This Newspaper 4 · FRIDAY, JULY 5, 1974 Some Politicians React With Integrity Mr. Bumpers And The Press Gov. Dale Bumpers shares the widely held view that the press is really to blame for much of the mess in which the nation (inds itself these days. At the very least, he says, the press must share the blame for {he cynicism that (he says) is eroding the nation's institutions and impeding the solving of problems. The governor's comments came at a meeting of the Arkansas Press Association at Jonesboro last weekend. If Mr. Bumpers means that the press is partly to blame for the national mood of cynicism for having accurately uncovered and reported on the irregularities of Watergate -- and for constantly carping on an erosion of individual rights through the courts -- then he is right as a good steady, light rain on local tomato patches this week. We have an idea, though, that Mr. Bumpers has nothing more in mind than a lingering resentment against so much of the state press' yammering at him during the recent primary campaign about his lack p£ substantive statement. A little jocular twitting of the ogre's nose, so to speak. The press, like "special interests," after all is the handiest of punching bags for the exercise of high-blown political rhetoric. In this case it is instructive {o note, we think, that Mr. Bumpers' critique is generally lacking in the sort of specifics that can either 'John /. Smith be conscientiously weighed or rebutted. At one-point the governor criticizes editorial writers who are not knowledgeable enough to have specific facts about their subject matters (though he concedes the editorial writers' right to make judgments and state their views). Coming from a gentleman as deft with the illusionary issue as Gov. Bumpers, this is a little heavy, particularly when he says, for example, that he recently heard a television newsman who made six statements about pay raise proposals before the General Assembly and was inaccurate in four of the six instances. What Mr.-Bumpers is doing, at least in part, is to confuse apples with oranges. TV newsmen are not editorial writers, and . facts about a pay raise are not editorial opinions. For sure, a-news story'ought to have its facts straight. Nobody argues against that, least of all the.press. But news stories about the governor's special session have no direct relationship to an editorial writers judgment on the value of the governor's proposals, nor do his personal thoughts on what is the root cause of the nation's present difficulties. All politicians are not crooks. The governor is right about that. But newspapers don't breed cynicism either -- they report on politicians who are crooks . . . and THAT perhaps breeds cynicism when there are so many of them to report on. Area Farming By JOHN I. SMITH A lot of hay was harvested this ; last week in Northwest Arkansas.' .The fields have been good and the quality fair. Many factors have prevented our farmers from getting the best quality hay in. this-section, and rainy weather is first among' these retarding factors and lack of fertility is second. We almost always have too much rain and almost never apply enough manure or commercial fertilizer. However, our gains in recent years in quantity and quality of hay produced is equal to our From OiM Fifes; How Time Flies! 10 YEARS AGO The Lafayette Street paying project, underway from Highland to West Avenue since spring, is approximately 85 percent complete. A companion project, widening St. Charles from Lafayette to Walson street, is one-third finished. A year of planning and many long hours of rehearsal and marching will come to a climax next week when the Fayetteville High School Band and 50 YEARS AGO J. W. French, who will succeed Murray Sheehan as associate professor of journalism and editor of University publications, in the University of Arkansas, will arrive from Indiana to take charge of his new work, Sept. 1st. Work on the "assembly sidewalk" to run from College Avenue up Spring Street to the Mount Sequoyah line, will start in ten days, Merida Phillips, 100 YEARS AGO The Fourth of July, 1874, will long be remembered at Fay- ettcville. It was the first genuine, old-fashioned celebration we have had for 14 years! Politics was ignored and people met together and celebrated Independence Day as in days ante bellum. We call especial attention to the advertisement in to-day's Ohoraletlcs make an appear^ ance at the International Lions' Conference in Toronto C.anada. They leave Sunday. The Republican Central Committee of Washington County will meet at 7 p.m., July 7, to name judges and clerks, sign ballot petitions and take care of other business pertaining to primaries, according to Charles Atkisson, secretary of the committee. chairman of the street committee of the City Council announced today. This will give a short cut to town to pedestrians on the mountain. What is to be a permanent camp in the Ozarks for 'girls, is being arranged for by Mrs. Mark Terrell of Sherman, Texas, who has taken a cottage for six weeks and with half a dozen young ladies established a summer school with art classes and tutoring in English, issue of the "Viney Grove Academy." This is a most excellent school and under the able and efficient ·management of Prof. Garner, has already taken rank with much older institutions of the kind in the county. Our farmers are in excellent spirits. They have harvested a good crop of wheat and made a clean sweep in the election. By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON -- All politicians shouldn't be tarnished by the misdeeds of a few power-hungry men who flaunted the law while they basked' in ' the sunshine of Key Biscayne and San Clemente. The stories should be written, too, of the honorable politicians -- men like the courageous, small-town mayor who turned dawn a $500,000 bribe and risked the wrath of the Mafia rather than compromise his integrity. - . · · His name. Hurt Ross, deserves a big headline. The 31-year-old mayor of Fort Lee, N. .J., in the heart of Mafia country, allegedly was offered $500,050 ; to help obtain zoning variances for a multimillion- dollar commercial complex. Ross reported the bribe offer, to the FBI, which asked him to go ahead with the arrangements' but to wear a hidden listening device. . . ' On May 26, he met two local developers at a Paramus, N. J. restaurant. One of them pushed a thick manila envelope across the table at him. It was stuffed with $100,000 in small bills, the first of five installments -- more money than the young mayor had ever seen. Outside in the parking lot, the FBI was tuned in. The two developers were subpoenaetd and indicted five days later for conspiracy (o commit bribery. Hut the drama was only beginning. Ross received a phone The Washington Merry-Go-Round They'll Do It Every Time DOC EPSOM POeSHT MAKE HOUSE CAU.6- ^OUST KEEP TAKING THE BUT WHAT ABOUT THAf HIS CAR WHEN HE PARKS IT? call at his home the morning of May 31 from Joseph Diaco. He iwas one of the two men at the restaurant rendezvous. Allegedly, he growled mean- ingly that he had just received a grand jury subpoena, and he threatened the mayor's life. It was. not a threat to be taken lightly. For Dlaco, according to official records, is on close terms with the Mafia family of Ruggiero "Ritchie the Boot" Boiardo. · .1 · . , The FBI .placed Ross and his wife Laurie under protective custody. The mayor now runs his town in exile, moving from place to place with a troop of federal bodyguards. He keeps in touch with his associates, family and friends by telephone only, his whereabouts .known only to the feds. ' .What, do the good citizens of Fort Lee, N. J., pay their mayor for this kind of honest service? He turned down a $500,050 bribe, all in untraceable cash, for a $5,000-ayear salary. Footnote: We're awarding Mayor Hurt Ross our brass ring, good for one free ride on · the . Washington Merry - Go- Round. THE : SILBERT STORY! The Chief of the original Watergate prosecuting team, Earl J. Silbert, is under fire on Capitol Hill for his handling of the case. The honored Sen. Sam Ervin, D-N.C., is suspicious that Silbert concentrated on convicting the Watergate burglars and didn't press, the prosecution of their White House superiors. We had the .same suspicion during the early Watergate developments. But our investigation has now established that the Silbert team deserves most of the credit for cracking the Watergate case. It is true, as we-repeatedly warned before the January 1973 trial of the Watergate Seven, that the White House was trying to buy their silence. In return for pleading guilty and keeping silent, they were paid living expenses and legal fees. This was supplemented on the eve of the trial with a $l,000-a-month offer. The payments to the defendants, we reported, "were tunneled through (E. Howard) Hunt.". . The White House strategy, as we also reported, was to convene a grand jury to preempt the Senate Watergate hearings. The President hoped to control and contain the investigation by confining it behind the closed doors of the grand jury. This would also provide art excuse for the White House to refuse comment on Watergate questions. ' Our stories about the Pres- gains in ths Cattle carrying capacity of our pastures. Yet we can not control the weather but we can consider applying more plant nutrients to our hay meadows. Thomas P. Lee had cut his midland bermuda the .second time. He figures, surely correctly, that by cutting his bermuda each time earlier than is generally done (while the grass is young and tender) he gets a beeter quality of hay- perhaps up to 16 per cent protein. He also expects to get, or hopes to get, four cuttings per year instead .of three. He also does some grazing of his bermuda in the spring to eliminate the wild barley or the small cat-tail headed plants and perhaps other volunteer plants that he would like to eliminate. While Lee has not made 100 bales per acre in these cuttings, it has been reported to us that others.have made.this yield.or over. Lee advocates-the use of about 200 pounds per acre of . ammonium nitrate after each cutting except the last.one and atout two tons o fchicken litter. He expects a-total of over 200 bales per acre per year and some grazing from his midland bermuda. That is the kind of grass that will bring maximum cattle carrying capacity to our Northwest Arkansas farms. DR. CONNELL BROWN of the Department of Animal Industry, U of A, and Dr. Art Spooner of The Agronomy Department gave some good advice to the cattlemen last Thursday. This was at a gathering of the newer breed - the Maine-Anjou. . The -cattlemen were challenged: Give us cattle that will produce a pound of beef on five pounds of forage. Now that achievement is something for the future, not just tomorrow. Few cattle now average a pound of 'beef for seven and a half pounds of forage. It will take a lot of testing, a lot of selecting, a lot of breeding to reach the above challenge. However, the animal scientists feel that it can be done. Look .what the chicken breeders and feeders have done, and then try to do the same thing. By using better cattle and producing more blades of grass per acre, these authorities have set another goal of a cow and calf, per acre and a half of grass. No doubt, we yet have a long way to go to reach the efficiency recommended by these authorities. Dr. Spooner stated that our pastures were based upon two grasses - fescue an dbermuda- and a legume - perhaps one of the strains of white clover. · More pounds of better beef is produced on pastures that have a legume in the mixture than on bladed grass alone. A thorough discing of (he grass (you will not kill either of the above) and the planting of a clover was recommended. THIS PAST WEEK saw a little rise in the cattle market. A number of. lots of gtai quality Angus and H«refo»« ·rteers from 350 to 500 pMBdi drought from 35 to 42 cenU TVs "eprc- sents a rite of »*»er«i enl* per pound cvtr (hi nsatKel of the lest few w««*», and the sellers were better pleased, 'Just A Little Further-We're Almost There" State Of. Affairs 'There Ain't No Justice' By CLAYTON FR1TCHEY WASHINGTON -- Now that the latest national public opinion polls show that 73 per cent of American citizens belitve Mr. Nixon is guilty of Watergate involvement, it is logical to assume that the White House, if it is consistent will next assert lhat the President can't get a fair hearing anywhere in the country. So far, the Chief Executive's spokesmen have contended only that the President could not get justice in the District of Columbia on the grounds that most Washingtonians, as shown in the last presidential election, did not vote for him. But now that the whole nation is anti- Nixon, what is to be done? Will the White House demand a change of venue to some friendly country lik.e Russia, Egypt or China? Mr. Nixon apparently feels lie can't put his trust in the Constitution, the Supreme Court, the Congress, the special prosecutor or even the federal grand jury that recently named him an un- indicted co-conspirator in the Watergate coverup. It is a noteworthy grand jury by any standard. Chosen by a computer to insure a fair cross section of the community, tne 23 members have conscientious"- ly -- and at great personal sacrifice -- given a good part of the last two years to the Watergate case. Their conduct has been impeccable; not even a leak or minor indiscretion In all those grueling months. THE GREATEST testimonial to their fairness and judgment is that all those indicted whose cases have been settled have cither pleaded guilty or been convicted. Not even the. White House had any criticism of the grand jury until it became known that it had unanimously named Mr. Nixon a co-conspirator, after being prevented horn indicting him outright. Since then, the jury has got a double blast from James St. Clair, the President's chief defense lawyer, and from Pat-. rick Buchanan, a White House propagandist who specialized in attention to the grand jury. St. Glair's complaint is that the evidence presented to the grand jury did not justify naming the President a co-conspirator. Since grand jury proceedings are supposedly secret, how does St. Clair knoiy this? Buchanan's attack is not legal -- just snide. The jury, he says, was largely composed of Democrats and blacks. The insinuation is that American, citizens, even in the jury box, cannot'rise above their prejudices. If that wete true, it would be the tnd of criminal justice in the United States, but, fortunately,.juries in every part o( the country have consistently proved in recent years lhat even the most notorious defendants -- Black Panthers, assassins, draft-file burners -- can get a fair trial. WELL, THERE is no great mystery about the White House strategy. It is preparing the way, in the final showdown, for the great apostle of law and order to put himself above tne law. Why else would he refuse to say whether he will obey the Supreme Court if it rules that he must turn over the White House tapes to Leon Jaworski, the special prosecutor? This is something the House, Judiciary Comn.ittee should no longer leave up in the air. Boln Congress and the public have a right to know , at once -before the high court begins its deliberations -- whether Mr. Nixon reserves the right to flout the court if it goes against him. No other citizen claims that right The president of the American. Bar Assn., Chesterfield Smith, says he- is "shocked" that Mr. Nixon hasn't clearly stated that. "Yes, I am subject to the rule of law. I'm not king. I'm only a man elected by the people, and, when the Supreme Court decides that I have to do something, certainly I'm going to do it." It is astonishing, as The New York Post notes, "that so few members of the Judiciary Committee have seemed unable or unwilling to recognize that, on this issue, alone, Nixon is expressing audacious contempt for our constitutional system, and proclaiming that his powers place him beyond the rule of law." The nation's leading authority on' impeachment, Prof. Raoul Bergcr, put it even more bluntly. He says, "If the House was half as lough in asserting the undoubted rights given it by the Constitution as the President is in asserting his chimerical rights, this battle would be won." Right on. (C) 1974, Lot Angeles limes Ident's strategy have now bees confirmed by the White House transcripts. These also show that the President planned to leak self-serving information from the secret grand jury proceedings. "Well, we could easily do that," said the President to his former staff chief, H. R. Haldeman. "Leak out certain stuff. We could pretty much . control that." Instead, we obtained! the grand jury transcripts and put ' out the .straight story,·-upsetting the White House strategy." But it was the original Watergate- prosecutors, more than anyone else, who thwarted the White House cover-up. " Alter wiretapper James McCord gave them their first break, the prosecutors immediately hauled the tight-lipped G. Gordon Liddy back before the grand J Although Liddy told them nothing, they deliberately kept him in grand jury room and gave the impression he might be talking. Afterwards, the - press urged around the emerging prosecutors to find out "vhat Liddy had said. They responded with a sly 'no.fcom- ment," which was calculated to unnerve Liddy's superiors in the White House. The ploy (worked, and John Dean contacted the prosecutors to make a deal They pumped him for information during.latc- nieht sessions in the Rockville, Md., offices of his attorney.- Then they broke down Magruder, who had lied during the earlier trial. In the end, the Silbert team broke the back of the case and left a 90-page summary that has served as a blue print for the special prosecutors who succeeded them. Ethiopia Shakes Off Its Torpor (Editor's note: The writer, art American living in England, recently visited East Africa.) By YORICK BLUMENFELD (Editorial Research 'Reports) Ethiopia, ruled for nearly half a century by Emperor Haile Selassie, is entering a time of political transition. The 81-year- old monarch is still revered by his 26 million countrymen. But he realizes he cannot reign forever and .thus ; is quietly arranging for a n ' orderly succession. Selassie's grandson, Zara Yakob, is his designated heir. Because Yakob is a student at Oxford University, his father -the emperor's son -- was named acting regent. Western correspondents h a v e long wondered · whether Ethiopia would slide into anarchy after Selassie's departure. It appears now, however, that the kingdom will evolve into a constitutional monarchy. A constitutional conference, held in'March, will publish its recommendations later this .summer.' It reportedly will propose that the constitution be amended to make the prime minister and his cabinet r e s p o n s i b l e t o parliament rather than to the emperor, . Selassie supports this change. T H E MUTINY OF the military in February was not a planned rebellion. It was, rather, a spontaneous uprising a g a i n s t Selassie's corrupt government. Violence was held to a minimum. The Economist of London described the revolt as "the quietest and most politely conducted ever." The ineptitude of Ethiopia's former government .is well documented. For example, ' thousands of peasants died of starvation last winter although granaries were almost full. And after denying that the country was in the grip of a cholera epidemic, government officials proceeded to make the afflicted pay for vaccines which -had been donatd by Western European countries. Although striking workers have returned to their jobs, the country still simmers with unrest. Left-wing students are openly critical of the new government. Moslems have marched on Addis Ababa, demanding equality of treatment with C h r i s t i a n s . Moreover, rebellious activity continues in the northernmost and southernmost provinces, fomented by the Eritrean and Somalian minorities. THE NEW GOVERNMENT h e a d e d b y Endalkachew Makonnen is widely regarded as the most revolutionary of any in-Ethiopia's long history. Makonnen, an Oxford-educated aristocrat and large landowner, promised to distribute some of the government's vast holdings to the peasantry. Social reform and abolition of the most glaring economic inequalities are the government's priority concerns. As in other countries, the task is impeded by inflation, food prices alone have increased .by 50 per cent since January. The fact that Ethiopia is one of the poorest countries in the world further limits the government's options. All in all, the changes now apparent in Ethiopia are impressive for a tradition-bound society. The press is openly critical of all aspects of past, present, and even future policy planning. The parliament is shaking off its old torpor. Most important of all, the recent arrests of former high government officials and laand-ownlng aristocrats show that the cabinet is resolute in its campaign to stamp out corruption.

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