Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on July 1, 1974 · Page 4
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July 1, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 4

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Monday, July 1, 1974
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Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest It The First Concern O/ Tfcw Newspaper 4 · MONDAY, JULY T, 1974 MeGovern Mail Surveyed By P.O. In 72 A Decision Of Importance The U.S. Supreme'.Court traditionally is a stronger supporter of collective society's rights than of the individual's. For this rea- ·Ijpn it is almost impossible for a majority 'of the justices to read the First Amendment, ;for what it actually says. The First Amend- 'ihent says that freedom of speech and the !|ress are not to be abridged. · The high court does not conclude that ; this means them, too. As a result, court rul- ·ings on free speech do not make up the most ·illustrious chapter in the tribunal's history .Jjook. It comes.as a distinct relief, then, to -Jjave the high court, in a'unanimous decision, "overturn Florida's "right of reply" law. Most newspapers across the country print letters to the editor from a cross-section of reader yie\ypoints. Most papers seek -out opposing sentiments within their com- "munity as a matter of routine news coverage. "Access to the press," which is the stated objective of right-of-reply advocates, .is pretty much a matter of fact, in other jwords, without coercion of the law. £ The newspaper's problem, in dealing Svith the matter of access, is technical and ^physical as well as moral, however., Most 'editors are sympathetic to legitimate re- -jquests for space to express opinion on matters of general interest. Every editor, however, is also faced with strict time and space limitations, plus the inevitable choice of Iwhat to use in the certain knowledge that some of every day's news must be disgarded. .-, Not too unexpectedly, these physical limitations imposed by time and space appear to have made at least as much of an impression on the court as the moral issue of individual rights. Chief Justice Warren Burger, in his opinion, notes that physcal limitations of a newspaper have a legitimate bearing on a paper's insistence that it be the judge of what to print and what not to print. Less is made in the opinion of the individual's right to have the facts, and to speak his piece, without governmental interference. That's a pity .The striking down of the concept of right-of-reply, however, is a welcome development. : ' The case carries wide national implications, not the least of which was a promise by Arkansas Sen. John McClellan to introduce legislation on the subject should the court hold the Florida statute constitutional. Happily, the senator can now turn to other .things, i ' . . . The crucial point in all this, which perhaps needs repeating in the.,wash of the court decision, is that newspapers DO print replies and cross-sections or opinion. A paper's sense of responsibility to the community also keeps'it alert to minority as well as majority points of view. " Editors, though, don't want to make up their, paper with a gun pointed at their heads. In the long run, neither would their subscribers. The Civil Rights Act-Plus Ten f WASHINGTON (ERR) -- ·"Our bodies...will bear witness,...will serve historic notice... that jobs and freedom are heeded now." "Now" was Aug. 28,1963, and the occasion iwas ·ithe' civil rights march on Wash- · -Jngton, aimed at drawing national attention to the need for legislation ensuring equal opportunities for all in education, employment, and other sectors of American life. Led by the late Martin Luther King Jr., the so-called freedom movement ; reached its zenith 10 years ago --on July 2. 1964 -- when Pres- dent Johoson signed - into law the Civil Bights Act of 1964. The landmark measure'outlawed literacy tests as criteria for voter eligibility, 'called for desegregation of pub- ·llc accommodations and public education, established permanent commissions on civil rights and equal employment opportunities, and mandated the extension of federal programs to all persons, regardless' of face, color, or national origin. How have these and other ci-; From. Oar Files; How Time Flies 10 YEARS AGO Smiles and songs were the keys to better understanding in Fucecchio, Italy, recently when members of the University's Schola Cantorum, en route to a festival in France, helped villagers celebrate the 100th anniversary of a local singing society. Miss Wilma Blevins, the American Dairy Princess, made 50 YEARS AGO Twelve hundred dollars for school work In Cane Hill has just been raised there by personal canvass under the direction of the Boosters Club. Tom Seegar, aged about 20, was bound over to the grand jury this morning following a preliminary hearing. Seegar, it is said admitted breaking into the Dunlap store here, stealing a pair of- shoes, a half case of oranges, a half case of TOO YEARS AGO On Tuesday last the people of Old Washngton spoke in thunder tones for new deal all around. The vote of 2,676 for convention and 25 against places her on the roll of honor as the banner county. The election in this county passed off quietly, more so than any election we have ever witnessed. The 'vote polled is not as large as we anticipated, yet when it is remembered how our people have been "scratched" from the registration her first official appearance in Northwest Arkansas yesterday with a visit at Fayeteville's Holiday Inn. She is a University graduate and member of the Decatur school faculty. Don Trumbo, Jr., was name chairman of the Washington County Young Democrats last night at the first meeting since organization a few weeks ago. lemons, and a quanitity of bananas. The value of the goods was only $10.50, just enough to make the charge grand larceny. Trial of C. F. Harnbey of Springdale, with the joint trial of Gerald Mayes, alleged to be his 13 year old accomplice on charges of murder and assault with intent to kill, was begun this morning in Circuit Court and indications are for a very sensational trial. books, it was hardly expected that any thing like the full vole of the county would be polled In the first election where Ihe voice of he people was not stifled. B. F. Walker, M. F. Lake, and T. W. Thomson, the Farmers Ticket, was elected delegates by a large majority. They are practical farmers and sound democrats; men who will labor to make a constitution in the interests of the whole people, zealously guarding the rights of all. vil rights measures fared in the years since? In 1965 Congress passed a Voting Rights Act that provided for direct federal involvement in efforts to increase the number of black Americans registered to vote. In the same year, however, the nation witnessed large-scale rioting in black sections of Los .Angeles, Chicago, and Philadelphia. Expectations of minority-group members were rising,' and hopes were not realized quickly enough to · assuage the short 'tempers of that summer. Unemployment remained unac-; ceptably high in urban ghettos, and moves toward desegregation failed to change many people's negative racial attitudes. Despite the realization that continued racial isolation served only to Increase the anger and resentment of both blacks, and whites, the impetus for complete desegregation faltered. The Nixon administration took the position that additional civil rights legislation was not needed. "What iwe need is more t a l k about reconciliaton," Richard M. Nixon said before his election, "more about how we're going to work together, rather than the fact that we have this terrible division between us." So far, though, little has been done to -bridge the deep and emotional split between the races on such volatile issues as busing, which is still being kicked around in the courts and in Congress. Thus, the 10th anniversary of the most comprehensive civil rights legislation of this century finds · many of its goals still unmet. Perhaps the next JO years will bring more progress. Today In History They'll Do It Every Time YOU'VE 6or TO TAKE GARS Y£S~ ARE MX) EATING THE RK3HT fOOP? GETTING VOOR PROPER REST? THIS RUNNING CKMVFOKTU TO THE HOSPITAL CAN WEAR yyj P01VN"' · -.v By JfiiCk.AND'EKSONr, ·:',-,, 'WASfJltftftON --- The Postal , 'Service ' apparently provided President Nixon with a confidential count of the volume of mail going into the headquarters of; his Democratic o p p o n e n t , Sen. George McGovern, during the last two months-of the 1972 campaign. ;: With-thesb''figures, a direct mail expert could determine the response, and even estimate the dollar .figure McGovern was. getting from his fund-raising drive; ". - · · · ~ The'C-'pernocralic presidential .candidate i«rkised''most 'of his canipaign ' funds through mail solicitation. The contributions . went through Washington's 20th Street post office. ' , We have now learned that the Postal Service on Sept. 5. 1972. began tabulating the volume of mail moving through the post 1 office . to McGovern's headquarters. This unusual mail count continued until Nov. 9, two days after the election.' The President appeared to be asking about this mail count 'On Sept. 15..197?., according'to the White House transcripts. ' He asked his counsel John Dean a b o u t . ".watching...McGovern contributors." Dean assured the President that "we've got a hawk's eye on that."A moment later, the President mused: "I don't think he The Washington Merry-Go-Round Is getting a hell of a lot of small money. I don't think so. 1 don't believe this crap." Then , he turned to his staff chief;,H. R. Haldeman. "Have you had this. post office .check yet?" ; Nixon inquired. "That John was going to do, Haldeman- replied. "I don't know." The transcript doesn't show whether the President ever r e c e i v e d this report on McGovern's mail. We have · established .only that a count w a s made, i.' · · ' * : . The Postal Service also kept count of the mail going to · President Nixon's-' campaign headquarters during the same two-month period. Our sources ·suggest, however, this may have been a camouflage. If only McGovern's mail, had been counted, the sources .pointed out, postal workers sympathetic to McGovern might . have become suspicious and tipped off McGovern; about.the meddling with his mail. A supervisor of the 20th Street station gave a lame explanation of the mail volume checks. He kept track of the campaign mail. he. said, so he could plot ' future ' manpower, needs. But the volume of mail generated by a 'presidential Campaign, of course, wouldnt he duplicated for another four y The present 20th Street post; master offered a conflicting but more plausible excuse. He said the volume figures were kept to protect the . Postal-Service from, possible complaints. The White House did not respond to our requests for comment. M e a n w h i l e , . S e n a t o r McGovern' is . ; encountering echoes of 1972 in his iight.for reelection to the Senate. The same false charges of coward-. ice that McGovern thought were laid to rest in 1972 have now been: revived in - his Senate campaign. His opponent is a conser- . vative former Air Force lieutenant colonel and Vietnam prisoner named Leo Thorsness.. One of his.first moves was to bring in an' out-of-statc com sultant, Lyn Nofzlger, who was a member of the White House . dirty tricks team in 1972. The veteran, able Nofziger · was given $10,000 for example, to try to keep George Wallace off the California ballot in 1972. At least $1,200 of this money was distributed to American Nazi storm troopers, although By The Associated Press Today is Monday, July 1, the 182nd day of 1974. There are 183 days left in the year. Today's highlight in history: On this date in 1867, the Dominion of Canada was created by the British North America Act. On this date: In 1862, the U.S. Congress established the Bureau of Internal Revenue. In 1863, the Civil Wa? Battle of Gettysburg began. In 1881, the American Red Cross was incorporated, with Clara Barton as president. In 1898. Theodore Robsevelt and his Rough Riders carried out a victorious assault on San J u a n ' H i l j in Cuba in the Span- ish-AmeriCaii war. In 1958, construction of the St. Lawrence Seaway was completed. In 1966, the Medicare health program for elderly Americans went into effect. Ten years ago: Orchestra conductor Pierre Monteux died at his Hancock, Maine, home at age 89. Five years ago: Britain'i Prince Charles was invested as Prince of Wales at Caernarvon Castle. One year ago: An Israeli mil- iiary attache. Colonel Yosef Alon, was shot to death in the driveway of his home in a . Washington suburb. ' ' Today's birthdays: Actress L'eolie Caron Is 43. Actor James Cagney is 70. Thought for today: Wo are rsver deceived. We deceive ourselves --Goethe, German poet, 1749-1832. "Remember The Good Old Days When,We Only Worried About Russia Getting One?" Nofzlger claims It was without his knowledge.. · . , · Earlier, Nofzlger. as *n aide to California's Gov. RorialA Reagan, leaked information to 1 the press about the homosexual activities o( two liberal Reagan colleagues. Now, scurrilous · cards on McGovern's alleged cowardice of World War II are turning up ' in South Dakota. ·'.-These quote from a discredited John Birch Society article which claims that McGovern, as .a bomber pilot, refused to continue on a mission and his plans was flown back by a co-pilot. Actually, McGovern was a decorated war hero. During the 1972: campaign,' John Dean arranged for a c o n t a c t to snoop into McGovern's service record. to check out the cowardice story. But Dean was obliged to report to Haldeman in' a confidential memo dated June-16, 1972: "The party reviewing the file (advised) that there is nothing in McGovern's file which directly substantiates the allegation about his cowardice." On the contrary, Dean wrote, the records showed "the citations for McGovern's decorations, including his Distinguished Flying Cross, and reflects his various promotions during his military career." There is no reason to believe that Leo Thorsness, a man of s o l i d integrity, has .had anything to do with distributing the cowardice cards. A spokesman said: "We don't want that kind of stuff around here.'' Nofziger also denounced the 'distribution of the false;.charg» as "crap." In Memphis, pamphleteer John W. Biggert, who printed the cards, said he had produced tens of thousands of cards In 1972. The South' Dakota distribution, he said, was either from an old printing or were reproductions. State Of Affairs All Quiet On The World Front By CLAYTON FRITCHEY .WASHINGTON -- Richard Nixon may not yet have achieved the "generation of peace" he so often talks about, but it can hardly be denied that .'.974 has become the most peaceful year since the end of World War II. · Some of the President's critics are still contending that, because of Watergate, it is a bad time for him to be holding another Moscow summit meeting with Communist ' Parly Cahirman Lenid Brezhnev. Acutally, however, considering the present comparatively relaxed state of the world, there could hardly be a more propitious moment to get on with detente, of which arms limitation is only a part. - Now that the shooting has slopped in the Middle East, the world tor once is without a major war. In Cambodia there is still some insurgent action, and in South Vietnam there is an uneasy truce, but these are now local situations which, fortunately, no longer pit the superpowers against each other, and hence no longer threaten the general peace, The climftte for negotiation Is about as favorable as we are likely to get in the foreseeable future. , The 1'resMenl and his secre- retary of stale, Henry Kissinger,' have not promised any. miracles in Moscow. Neither has Chairman Brezhnev. Yet there is good reason to believe that both parties to the summit are ' genuinely eager to advance the. detente that was begun in the Nixon-Brezhnev Moscow meeting in 1972. 'So why cynically denigrate th enew effort in advance? Why not wait and see what comes of. it,, even if- it takes some time, and . meanwhile hope for the best? HOW DOES THE Conservative-Republican senator from. New York, James Buckley, know that the mission ; to Mos- ; cow is a "misson in futility"? How does the Wall Street Journal know thai "no worthwhile arms agreement Is currently within reach"? How does Alexander Solzhenitsyn, the dis- dent Russian writer, know '.hat Mr. Nixon "does not have sufficient strength to demand proper control of these treaties"? There is little doubt that Wa- .lergate has impaired Mr. Nixon's leadership on the domestic front, but there is no evidence that the Nixon-Kissinger combine has lost its effectiveness internationally. Quite the contrary. The cease- fire in the Middle East is- a testimonial to Administration diplomacy. The President and Dr. Kissinger may not pull any rabbits out of a hat on their current trip, but now is the time to lay the gourndwork for further deve opment of a detente that has already played a part in bringing about the relatively benign conditions of 1974. As Kissinger says, the object of this summit meeting is "to maintain a dialogue, to contain the danger of nuclear concentration and to create positive incentives for a ' peaceful world." That is a lot, and it should not be unattainable: If, however the opponents of detente succeed in derailing it and in reviving the cold war, it may be a long time before the climate is again so favorable lor cultivating peaceful coexistence. ..THIS IS REALLY a.rarer moment than Is generally rea- . lized, for, ever since the begin- · ning of the cold war more than 25 years ago, the world situation has been .exacerbated by an unbroken chain of conflicts and confrontations, nearly all affecting the United States In one way or another. In the late 1940's there was the Berlin blockade, the great Chinese civil war, the first Arab-Israeli war, the takeover of Czechoslovakia and the Greek-Turkish crisis. From 1950 to 1953 the Korean 'war held the stage, followed by the defeat of the French in Indochina in. 1954 ancd another Middle East crisis in 1955-56, culminating in the second Arab-Israeli war which finally involved all the great powers. The mid-1950s also marked hy the blood yrevolts in Hungary, Poland and East Germany. The United States openly sent troops to Lebanon, while secretly involving itself in Vietnam. The French-Algerian war t reached its climax. The 1960s' became a still worse decade, torn by the Congo war, the Bay of Pigs invasion, the Cuban miss'le crisis, the Berlin wall, India's clashes with both Pakistan and China, the third Middle East war in 1967 and,, above all, America's full-fledged military intervention in Vietnam, whinh lasted until 1973. The 1970s also began inauspiciously, with Vietnam threatening confrontations between the United States and Russian and China, plus the war over Bangladesh, plus the fourth Arab-Israeli war last October, plus the tensions between Russian and China, now somewhat relaxed. But today, for a change and hopefully for an extended time, it's mostly quiet on the world front. Coineidentally, the climate in. side the Kremlin as well as out seems benign for the moment. Just a few days before Mr. Nixon's arrival in Moscow, Chair- · man Brezhnev noted that critics of detente think arms limitation agreements are risky. But in practice, he said, "It is an immeasurably greater risk to continue unbridled accumulation o! arms." .(C) 1974. Lot Angeles Tlmw What Others Say UNISEX ISN'T UNANIMOUS The' professional feminists have been sort of depressed lately. The 'League of Women Voters did agree to take in men, and the Jaycees are now accepting women, although they had to be shoved by a federal 'judge. But generally, there haven't been any major breakthroughs recently. .The standard of the movement, the Equal Rights Amendment, is mired down, needing six more states to approve it before it becomes the most unnecessary appendage to our Constitution. So it was that real joy was generated by Health, Education and Welfare Secretary' Caspar Weinberger when he released anti 1 sex5li sari miration guidelines for taxiisupported public schools and colleges that will go into effect next year. For example. Sex education classes in grammar schools can no longer be split into boys and girls. Neither can the phys-ed classes in any grades. A t h l e t i c scholarships In colleges must be offered to women as well as men, and' while the number and dollars don't have to be exactly equal, the colleges must provide* facilities and coaching and, we guess, action for any femala who wants to play linebacker. Dormitory rules must be the same, whether the buildings are occupied by males or females or both. Curfews can't be established for female students if they aren't also applied t o ' males, etc. No school can give assistance to any club or organization (the Wrestling Club, for instance, or a sorority) that discriminates against one sex. Where's it going to end? The finish of a lot of organizations, for one thing, and boredom, for another. We've gotten so intent about desegregating everything that we've lost sight of the fact that men and women do find enjoyment and even purpose in being in the exclusive company of their own sex sometimes. There's nothing unnatural about this, so iwhy should tha professional f e m i n i s t s and government agencies try to make it seem that way? Appreciation of unisex is by no meant unanimous, and regulations like these won't Increase It. Rather, the result will be a huge waste of money and a greater movev ment to private schools. --ARKANSAS DEMOCRAT ALIVE AND WELL Despite reports to the contrary, newspapers have not really died. In 1945, at the end of World War IT, there were 1,749 daily newspapers in the United Stales, with a total circulation of 48,384,188. At .the end of 1973, there were 1,774 daily newspipers with a circulation of 63,147,280. That's 25 more daily newspapers with an additional 15 million more circulation. Last year, there was more money invested in newspaper advertising than in television and radio combined... · Furthermore, a natiowide Media Report, Sindlinger poll, d i s c l o s e d that newspaper readership was up, with 32 per cent spending more time reading newspapers and · only 8 per cent spending less j 26 per cent watching television less · time and 22 per cent watching moro. More dramatic were statistics of women, who do most of the shopping. Of those polled, 39 p e r cent were reading newspapers more and 9 per cent less; and only 19 per cent iwere watching television more, while 22 per cent weio watching less. -- P i Us b u r g (Calif.) Pest Dispatch

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