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$un - Jun Â« Â· SA With Collapse Of Original Regal Plan Bicentennial Celebration Settles Back To The Grassroots By KENNETH B. DALECKI TIMES Washington Bnrea* WASHINGTON - Like the system of government which it commemorates, America's 200th birthday party will come from the people. After several false starts on grandoise national projects, tte emphasis by those now in charge of planning the bicentennial fete is on grassroots participator! by hundreds of communities across the nation. With the observance of Independence Day this week, the U.S. begins its 198th year Amid an air of national crisis and uncertainty, the country moves closer to what many had hoped would be a high spirited bicentennitl celebration. It does so with a new Bicentennial Administration headed by former Navy Secretary John Warner relgdcnnBtc-lip hieeo a Warner replacing the old Bicentennial Commission which was scrapped after becoming bogged down in charges of malad ministration, political partisanship and big business favoritism. Warner promises to salvage some nattional direction for the big 200th birthday party through strong leadership. July 4, 1976 is the 200th birthday of the nation, when the Founding Fathers signed the Declaration of Independence. Official observances however, will begin next year and continue into 1977. President Nixon has embrac ed the idea of a grassroots bi centennial fete. "No on* city would be enough" to hold the fete, he said. ENTHUSIASTIC START The revamped bicentennial organization, authorized by Congress earlier this year and given a hefty budget to help stimulate local celebrations, has been given an enthusiastic start by Warner, its energetic new chief. "Our major accomplishment to date is the grassroots participation we have helped organize," said Dan' Buser. lirector of communications for he Bicentennial Administra lions. Buser points with pride to the 1,006 local communities that have established bicentennial councils to plan local observances. There are nine local councils in Arkansas. In addition, the federal government is spending $25,000 to help existing state bicentennial commissions with operating expenses. States are also eligible for $200,000 in federal matching grant funds for observances The national Bicentennial Ad ministration now has a budget o falmost $9 million to provide coordination and "fill in the va cuums," Buser said. Warner is frank to accept the harsh judgment of a House committee which declared the years of "planning' 'by the old Bicenlennitl Commission was "a failure." Its most grandiose proposa -- to establish a cultural center in every state -- was rejected after an expensive feasibility lone of his close aides. "By tudy determined it was unreal- stic. TIME SHORT "Although the remaining time s short, an appropriate nationwide commemoration of our na- ion's anniversary is, in my udgment, achievable," Warner said in a recent speech. Warner hopes'his administra- ion can probide the inspriation needed to make the bicentennial 'a rallying ground for interests, otherwise diverse, to get toget- ler and provide lasting improvements in the quality of life at the community level," primarily through the "unselfish volunteering spirit of "76." But he must struggle against difficult odds to overcome a general lack of enthusiasm for celebrating at a time of national uncertainty. He can expect little help from the one man in a position to the most to inspire the nation the President. "No more than !1 per cent of the people -- a new law -found themselves able to give Mr. Nixon high marks on 'inspiring confidence personally in the Wtoite House.' " pollster Louis Harris said of a survey he took prior to the President's trips abroad. Nevertheless, Warner'believes the political cynicism that prevails in much of th enation may shift dramatically to the advantage of bicentennial planners. "Warner feels negativism wi last though Watergate and the elections in November," said early next year, he expects a vacuum to form and people will look for positive involvement. He feels very strongly that the bicentennial must move into that void and help people get involved." WIDE RANGE Bicentennial programs range from international projects, such as a "sail-in" to Eastern ports of tall sailing ships from 20 countries, to local projects like a river ecology exhibition in Atchafalaya. La. The role big business will play in the bicentennial has been Â» source of controversy since the early days of the now defunct Bicentennial Commission. President Nixon and Warner want business to take a big role in sponsoring projects -- such as a plan by the American Express Company to renovate the Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor. "By the time the bicentennial is over the American people will think American Express owns the Statue of Liberty." charges Jeremy Ruskin, founder of a non-profit organization called the Peoples Bicentennial Commission. Ruskin professes a distain for "big business" which he claims has usurped political power which rightfully belongs to the people. "Nixon and the big business types he hangs around with would have been Tories if they lived in 1776," the colorful young organizer declared during an interview in his cluttered office only five blocks from the posh headquarters of the official Bicentennial Administration. HIGH PRODUCTION With his staff of nine low-paid workers ($70 per week), Ruskin has produced a host of publications and books recalling the lively political debate of 200 years ago. The People's Bicentennial has distributed guidebooks on how to establish local bicentennial observance programs and it prints a tabloid newspaper called "Common Sense" which combines humor and .sarcasm to decry what it considers the Nixon Administration's com- merciali/ntion of the bicentennial. One of Ruskin's major goals is to get Americans to rear! their country's Constitution "to reacquainl themselves with their brithright." His commis- i has distributed record* containing quotes from th* Founding Fathers to 761 radio stations and has produced a one-minute television spot done- by well-known actors reading an inspiring section of the Declaration of Independence. Asked to comment on Rifkin's maverick commission. Buuser of the offical Bicentennial Administration said: "We certainly wouldn't discourage therm That's what we're celebrating in this country -- the freedom of people to do what they want." Dream. Becomes Nightmare BISMARCK. N.D. (AP) --| For nearly 100 years, men have' dreamed of making North Dakota's semi-arid plains bloom like a garden. For the past 10 years, the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation has been working to make the dream a reality. But. environmentalists fear the dream may turn out to be a nightmare, and the Canadian government agrees. Now a giant irrigation project in North Dakota has become an international controversy. The project, called the Garrison Diversion Unit, ha s faced sharp criticism in North Dakota for years, though nearly e\*ry major organization and al? of the state's top politicians endorse it. Opponents label Garrison Diversion as "one of the biggest water development disasters in hi story." The project's supporters say it will make North Dakota one of the most fertile farm areas in the nation. Last year, the Canadian government jumped into the argument when it learned salt - polluted irrigation waters could end up crossing the international boundary. DIPLOMATIC NOTES The Canadians pulled out a treaty signed in 1909 which forbids both the United States and Canada from polluting waters that cross the boundary. Then, the Canadian government issued three formal diplo matic notes to the U.S. State Department calling for a mora torium on the project. The controversy in North Da kola surrounds a plan to transfer water from Lake Saka kawea, created by the U.S Army Corps of Engineers in 1955 in an effort to tame the Missouri River, for irrigation o farm lands in north-central Â«IK eastern parts of the slate. Construction of the project due to deliver the first water in 1177, calls for chopping I.80C miles of canals and waterway! through North Dakota. Included in the construction s the McClusky Canal which nakes its way across 74 miles f central North Dakota with uts up to 114 feet deep at joints. When completed in 1993, up Â· 841,00 acre-feet of water ill flow through the Garrison Aversion Unit each year from ie Missouri River -- enough vater to quench the thirst of a arge metropolitan area. But environmentalists and he Canadian government are now fighting to change the Bureau of Reclamation's "when" o an "if completed.'* The leading critic of Garrison Diversion has been the Committee to Save North Dakota, a Iroup dra wnpf p mrorotgius roup drawing support from armers whose land lies directly in the path of the Bureau of Reclamation's drag- ines. ARGUMENT One argument against the forth Dakota irrigation unit has been its price tag, which lumped from an original estimate of $212 million to a new projection of more than 1344 million. A coalition at 13 national en virortmental groups recently listed Garrison Diversion in a Brochure tilled "Disasters in Water Development." The brochure claims Garr! son Diversion will destroy more than 17,000 acres of wetlands that support migrating ducks and geese. It labels Bureau of Reclamation claims of environ mental benefits as "an outrigh hoax." Both U.S. and Canadian sides have agreed in * carefully worded joint communique to creation of an internaOona commillee to monitor the proj ect and to review efforts aimec at preventing salt pollution o Canadian waters. Manitoba Minister of Mines Resources and Environments Management Sidney Green tolc North Dakota state officials: "W* are frankly unable to ee how the Garrison Diversion be proceeded with without ausing pollution to Manitoba aters. We are, however, wiling to let your officials demon- rate lo ours how you intend lo o this." Green's message was clear: Canada expects the United states to abide by the 1909 reaty which prohibits pollution f waters crossing the international boundary. At the same time, ominous umblings began coming from Vashington. A letter to North Dakota Gov. Arthur A. Link from Under Secretary of State William J. Casey outlining the depart- nent's concern over Garrison Diversion said: "The available data do suggest serious problems for our relations with Canada if the arrison Unit is continued presently proposed." It began to appear that Canadian officials would succeed vhere American environmentalists had failed. MONDAY TUESDAY Jazz Festival NEW YORK ( A P ) - Calling Charlie "Yardbird" Parker "one of the greatest artists of our century," narrator Willis Conover begjn a salute to Parker concert which opened the 10-day Newport Jazz F ' val in New York. A capacity audience in Carnegie Hal] warmly applaud-*] each section depicting Parker's musical life, starring Dizzy Gillespie. Earl "Fatha" Hin?s, B i l l y Eckr.tine and Jav McShann. Alto sax men Sonny Stilt, Phil Woods and Charlie McPheraon took Parker's solos with a big band of members of the Jazz Repertory Company. Festival impresario George Wein, who moved the festival to New York three years ago, after a riot ei.ded it early in Newport, R.I., in 1971. ,tn- nounced from the stage, "We've turned the corner. We made it this year. We're going to be in New York forever." DAILY 9-10; SUNDAY CLOSED 2 Days Only! SUMMER HANDBAG SALE Rog. 3.8* and up NO-IRON CREW KNITS FOR BOYS Reg. 2.66 Permanent press short-sleeve knit shirts in easy-care polyester / cotton. Solids or lancies. COTTON CHAIR PAD Rag. 1.37 TANK TOPS FOR MEN TOPS GALORE 94 Polyester / cotton knits. Men's sizes. / MEN'S SWIM TRUNK SALE POCKET RADIO RÂ«o. 3.67 Turned-on halter and midriff tops, buttoned double straps with buttoned back, backless, square necks, half plackets! Polyester or nylon. IS Smooth polyester; 277^ cotlon boxers. 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