Page 4 article text (OCR)
Jlortijtoejst Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Merest Is The First Concern O/ This Newspaper 4A Â« SUNDAY, JUNE 30, 1974 Coalfield Tells About Gumshoe Capers Educational Specialization. Dr. Charles E. Bishop -- who will assume active presidency of the University here in August -- may not be coming to stay. There arc intimations, at least, that he is toying with the notion of setting up a system of chancellors at the various campuses of the University System, freeing himself thereby from the necessity of too much single institution detail. Specialization is one key word in the new president's plans, lie believes the stale's appropriations for higher education may be better allocated through elimination of overlapping programs on various campuses, plus improved programs through concentration of top faculty and facilities at specified locales. Translated, this could mean a law school or an engineering program at Little Rock, with greater emphasis on agricultural sciences on the local campus. Whether the new president says it or not, such an undertaking means lots of politicking, and that in turn translates into a need to spend a good deal of time in the state's political power base of central Arkansas. It would not be too far-fetched, in other words, to anticipate some shifting of University resources from the local campus toward central Arkansas. In truth, logic as well Art Buchwatd as common sense dictates some higher educational facility reorganization. Politically speaking, though, there will have to be some diplomatic horse-trading if the job is carried off without damaging rancor. That puts a good-sized burden on the area's legislative delegation, as well as those who have the gubernatorial ear in regard to trustee appointments, as well as the new president. For the past decade Northwest Arkansas has had two strong members on the Board of Trustees. These gentlemen, Roy Hitter of Springdale and Dr. P. L. Hathcock of Fayetleville, have served the University, the state and the UA's home area extremely well. One can be less certain of future stability on the Fayetteville campus if next year goes by and both are gone without strong local replacement. Meanwhile.. . Dr. Bishop reveals himself as a diecl-in- the-wool sports fan, with a Razorback football schedule already in his wallet, and a record of strong support for intercollegiate athletics. So . . . if Coaches Broyles, Button, De- Briyn, Renfrew and company, do their stuff, it could be that all our fretting is pointless. Go, Hogs... In France They Call It Amnesty By ART BUCHWALD PARIS -- While some things have changed in Paris in tlie last few years, the Frenchman's iovc a f f a i r \vilh iiis car remains as strong as ever. It is a known fact that if you knock down a Frenchman's wife he will apologize lo you, but if you scratch the /"endfir of his automobile he will kill you. The streets of Paris have remained the same size, but the number of vehicles in the city has increased 300 per cent. This presents a slight parking problem. But the French driver has solved it with typical Gallic ingenuity. He drives to 'tis destination, gets out of his car and leaves it right in the middle of the street. If there are too many cars already parked in the middle of the street, he'll park il on the sidewalk; and if there is no room on Ihe sidewalk, he'll jus! drive it into a sidewalk cafe and leave il on your table. The death of President Pompidou had a tremendous emotional effect on all of France. But French automobile owners were probably more affected by it than anyone else. It .seems in France, when a new president is elected, amnesty is granted to everyone who committed a minor crime. Since most crimes in this coun- try have to do with cars, France mourned the passing of Us president by violating every traffic law in the book. I'ROM THE MOMENT President Pompidou's demise was announced to Ihe day Giscnrd d'Estaing was sworn in as (he new president, the French showed (heir sorrow. Instead of tearing their clothes as they do in some countries, the French people tore up their traffic tickets. In Paris there ire meter maids called "les aubergines" (eggplants) because the color of their uniforms resembles that of an eggplast. When an "eggplant" warned a driver that he had failed to put money in a parking meter, the Frenchman, with tears in his eyes, would say, "Our president is gone, and you know where you can go," All during the period of mourning, the French went through red lights, broke the speed limits and drove in the wrong direction up one-way streets. Whenever they were stopped by a policeman. Ihe drivers would laugh hysterically and say. "Don't give me one ticket; give me 10. I want to make the amnesty worthwhile." There are very few coiHtrlis Â· that know how to take advantage of the changing of presidents. From The Bookshelf H is not the mnn icho sits in the Oval Office mho ultimately matters; rather it is the men around him, the Cabinet and commission and agencies, the vast bureaucracy (no President can hope to cope with it--President Kenned!/ said dealing with it was like trying to nail jelly to the wall), the legislative and judicial branches, trade associations and lobbies, superlawjers and consultants, tax experts and economists, and that horde of influence peddlers who dwell in the riches of the marble labyrinths of government power, dispensing deep freezes and rugs, minks and vicuna coats--the Nathan Voloshent and Bobby Bakers--and, finally, the $100 million like clockwork for campaign whoopee. It is this complex machinery that gives money powers its checks and balances, its precous veto thnt has protected its vested inheritance /or the nearly two centuries of this Republic's existence. --Ovid Demons, Dirty Business (1974) They'll Do It Every Time HELLO, 8CVS PIAYJN6 BALL ANP CAUSING A NUISANCE. ON PISTACHIO NEAR FSE3IE, 1 . 1 CRASAffUS (5 ALWAYS CALLING THt COPSA30UT THE NÂ£I6H- 802HOQP WPS- ITS THAT TW9-FSCH? / SCWÂ£30CY COM. -- P i t - M i ? THAT THÂ£ SOS KZte CKAT1NS LOOKS SO SWÂ«T BUT It occurred to me, as I talked about those wonderful 35 days with my French friends, that the United States might be able to adopt the amnesty procedure to its own crisis. ONE OF THE major questions of Watergate is whai will happen to President Nixon if he is tried and found guilty of high crimes and misdemeanors. There is also the problem of all the trials of people involved with the Watergate scandal. Why not pass a law that, when a new American President is sworn in. all the people who had anything io do with Watergate would automaticaliy be given amnesty? By the stroke of a pen, President Ford would absolve everyone of any crime having to do with dirty politics, obstruction of justice and perjury. The slate would be wiped clean and the United Stites, us France is doing now, would begin a new era of hope, joy and optimism. If France can forgive and forget the crimes of 40 million French drivers, surely we in the United Slates can do the same for a few hundred misguided souls in Washington. (C) 1974, Los Angeles Timei Today In History By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Today is Sunday, June 30. the 181st day of the 1974. There are 184 days left in the year. Today's highlight in history: On this date in 1950. President Harry T r u m a n announced t h a t he had ordered U.S. troops stationed in Japan to help the Republic of Korea repel North Korean invaders. On this date: In 1777, during the Revolutionary War, British forces evacuated New Jersey, crossing to Staten Island, N.Y. In 183-1, the Indian Territory was created by an Act of Congress. In 1859. a Frenchman, Emile Blodin. crossed Niagara Falls on a tightrope. The stunt drew 5.000 spectators, In 1934. Adolf Hitler began a purge in Germany, getting rid of hundreds of political and m i l i t a r y leaders. In 1936. Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia pleaded before the League of Nations in Geneva for help a-gainst Italian invaders. In 1945. the third atomic bomb was dropped--in a U.S. test over ships anchored at Bikini in the Marshall Islands. Ten years ago: Atty. Gen. Robert Kennedy, visiting Poland, met at a monastery with Cardinal Stefan Wyszyns'ki despite a warning by the communist government that the meeting could damage relations between Poland and the U.S. Five years ago: Israeli jets strafed and bombed Arab guerrilla positions inside Jordan after a terrorist explosion in Tel Aviv. One year argo: The moon's shadow crossed the entire width of Africa in one of the longest eclipses of modern times. Today's birthdays: Actress Susan Hayward is 55 years old. Former president of the Dominican Republic Juan Bosch is 65. Thought for today: The art of pleasing consists in being pleased--William HazlUt, English writer, 1778-1830. By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON - Even as President Nixon was courting political support from George Meany, the White House "dirty tricks" crew was conducting a back-door probe to see whether the crusty, then 77-year-old AFL-C1O boss would survive a serious chest hernia. As part of the snooping, according to "dirty tricks'* chief Jack Caulficld.'lhe White House used a management consultant posing as a doctor to try to squeeze medical data out of Meany's personal physician. Meany's doctor denies he furnished medical information. The consultant agrees, sayirrg he told Caulfield he obtained the information from two labor officials, Dut Caulfield nevertheless fobbed the "medical" reports off on President Nixon as coming straight from Meany's doctor. According to Caulfield, the clandestine operation on Meany was ordered by former White House counsel J o h n Dean, probably at the direction of ex- Nixon aides H. R. Haldeman or John Ehrlichman. The Washington Merry-Go-Round In a room locked to the public and the press. Caulfield told the Senate Watergate committee of the Meany caper and previously undisclosed details of his other hidden White House chores. These, he reluctantly confessed, involved presidential nephew Don Nixon, former I n t e r i o r Secretary Stewart Udall. the Ford Foundation, the newsmen who revealed the My Lai slaughter, the Nixon campaign's chief of Jewish affairs. "Nevvsday" and many others. To carry out his probes, the "dirty tricks" impresario got the willing help of a New York FBI agent; the White House resident Jesujt, Father John McLaughlin, w h o r e c e n t l y defended the President's foul language, a n d presidential secretary Rose Mary Woods, to name a lew. T h e once r u d d y Caulfield, who has been weakened by serious abdominal surgery, turned out to be a slippery witness, the classified trans- cript of his testimony reveals. "Do you know for a fact that the President was interested in getting some discreet information on the condition of George Meany" in 1971, Caulfield was asked by committee lawyer Terry Lenzner. "Apparently a memorandum went from Dean to the President," said the ex-New York City detective. "There was intense interest, I do recall, ...on the part of m a n y people at the White House. (Meany) had a (chest) attack.... The thrust of the inquiry was how serious...." When Lenzner pressed him on how he 'got his information. Caulfield weaved and dodged. "1 received it from a friend of mine." said the ex-White House official. "Who was that?" demanded Lenzner. ' ' M r . James Juliana." Caulfield finally acknowledged, naming an ex-investigator for the late Sen. Joseph McCarthy, R-Wis., who is now a Wash- 'Rest Assured, I'm Watching It All The Time' A Potpourri Excerpts From The World Of Thought DUKE ELLINGTON. Ralph J. Gleason, "Farewell to the Duke," Rolling Stone, July 4, 1S74. pp. 34-37. " E d w a r d Kennedy Duke" Ellington was three weeks and four days past his 75th birthday when he died last month in a New York City hospital. He had played his nnisic in almost every part of the world except China and Siberia. He had dined with presidents and kings, had a Prince of Wales accompany him on drums, playpd piano duets with a U.S. president, performed his music on TV in Japan. Sweden. England and (he U.S." "He composed approximately 3.000 original works, many of them portraits of leading black artists, members of his own orchestra, friends and lovers and many others, and tonal histories of black people in America. His accomplishment defy cataloging and his honors are so impressively divers and extensive that they are almost bizarre. He received h o n o r a r y degrees from at least 15 c o l l e g e s a n d universities... N i x o n awarded h i m t h e Presidential Medal of Freedom, Lyndon Johnson gave him the President's Gold Medal." "The weekend: Duke died. I watched the TV news shows from the funeral parlor and ths church with all those thousands who came from all over to mourn him and I could not cry for Duke. He was out there living every minute like a teenager right up to the last few months. He had been everywhere, seen everything, knew everybody, and all his adult life he has had the one thing he w a n t e d most--nis orchestra to play his music. And what music! As the French poet Blaise C e n d r a r s said, 'Such music is not only a n?w art form, but a new reason for living.' " CERVANTES AND THE NOVEL. Herman Wouk, "You, Me, and the Novel." Saturday Review-World, June 29. 1974, pp. 8-13. "The modern Western novel begins with Cervantes, I siy modern because the long prose narrative is an ancient form: and I say Western because the Oriental novel is a very different thing. The novel that you and I know, that living authors of fiction try lo write, first takes shape in Don Quixote... Cervantes was Quite explicit about his intention in writing Don, Quixote." "He declared Unit he was nlit to destroy by parody a bml nnd stupid f o r m of storytelling, reflecting a ridiculous set of values... That was the first thing he did: to move the narrative - art- .into everyd-.iy reality. Ever since, the novel has sunk its roots in, and drawn its nourishment from, that inexhaustible ground." "He did a second equally important thing: he moved the art away from high life and the beautiful people to all l i f e and to all people... He looked to ordinary life rather t h a n to high life for his substance. In this--only in this--he surpassed the greatest of secular writers, Shakespeare. They were contemporaries...!^ Shakespeare stayed with the b e a u t i f u l people: kings, queens, princes, nobles," "In this. Cervantes was more nearly modern: not but w h a t Shakespeare transcends all rules and all oueslions. and ; s ' modern, ancient, new, old and everything else... Whatever n!se Don Quixote is. it is one of the towering entertainments !u human art. This was the t h i r d thing Cervantes did. this breakout from a rigid, conventional form of cro\vd pleasing, the theater, into a freer, broader form retaining t h c popular charm of dramaturgy." COUNTRY JIUSIC. Florence King. "Red Necks. White Sox, and Blue Ribbon Fear." Harper's. July 1974, pp. 30-34, "Polarization is as American as apple pie; il docs not ne?d to be encouraged because 't flourishes like the green bay t r e e anyway. p a r t i c u l a r l y among the rural Southerners and urban working people who make up country music audiences. In bis visit lo the Grand Ole Opry. President Nixon laid his i m p r i m a t u r on a polarization that country music itself instigated fourteen years ago, when the policies o! John F. Kennedy -- combined with his polished urbanity a n d sophistication--drove the South up the wall." "The turning point in country music came around 1960. A truculent true-blue note crept Into it in reaction to the hippie- civil rights movements... I continued to enjoy country music until around 1968. when the Chicago imbroglio, the election of Xixon and the advent of the women's liheratiin movement seemed to .make even greater changes in the genre and I began to he repelled, offended and occasionally frightened by tne music I had loved all my life." "I now listen to my local country music station in a spirit of compulsive masochistic curiosity, wondering for whom the bell wouH toll if the spirit of some of these songs should someday become flesh... M.'*ny of today's country music songs are hymns to the fear of change that is dividing America along strict political, social and sexual lines, and encouraging all working people to emulate and identify with the very worst sort of Southern reactionaries. T h e r e is now a calculated psychology to country music, a ' m e s s a g e ' that promotes alienation and a spirit of testy readiness that is disturbing to hear." EB III, Milton R. a n d Mary M. Schroeder, "The New Encyclopedia Britannica: 'All Human K n o w l e d g e , 1 ' ' A m e r i c a n B a r Association Journal, June 1974. pp. 711-714. "We feel like the New York l i t e r a r y editor who, in r e v i e w i n g t h e twenly-fo'ir volumes of t h e last edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica, remarked he felt 'very like a c h a p who has been ordered to eat and digest a battleship.' The new Britannica is even imre formidable... The new Encyclopedia Britannica is the fifteenth edition in a series of predecessors stretching back to 1708." "The publishers of the new Britannica have..reconsidered Ihe functions an encyclopedia should serve. The result is an innovative restructuring that improves the quality of the articles collected and thsir utility for readers with different needs and purposes. The Britannica has at least partly abandoned an organizational f r a m e w o r k o f alphabetical entries." "The new Britannica borrows some from th2 past, preserves some of the recent present, and adopts a tripartite organization designed to serve the curious seeker of general information, the reader looking for knowledge in depth, and the person interested in a comprehensive view of on entire field of knowledge. The new Britannica is in three somewhat a w k w a r d l y titled parts: the Propacdia in one volume, the Micropaedia in t e n volumes, and th* M a c r o p a e d l a i n nineteen volume. 1 - " ington management consultant. "Do you know how he got it?" persisted Lenzner. "I think he got it ^from Â· physician friend of his." "Your memorandum indicates that Dr. Marvin Fuchs. who was George Meany's persona! physician, was talked to on a very discreet basis by another physician." "Yes," said Caullield. "Was that Mr. Juliana? "Yes," swore Caulfield. Both Dr. Fuchs and Juliana deny this as a baseless whopper! Juliana told us he was advised the attack was serious by two friends in the labor movement. He gave Caulfield a f u l l report of his talk, he said, adding that the President should visit Meany in the- hospital or send flowers. Within a few days, sure enough, not flowers, but cigars reached Meany from the White House. In another case Caulfield probed the Long Island paper Newsday which was preparing an expo'se of presidential crony Charles "Bebe" Rebozo. "The forthcoming Newsday article was a matter of constant conversation around the White House," recalled Caulfield. One day. he said, "I bumped into (Rebozo) in the hall of the White House," Rebozo was "concerned." But Caulfield assured Rebozo he was already on the case. As Caulfield recounted under oath, he and FBI agent Pat Henry were drinking in New York when Henry said, " "there is an article coming out on Mr. Rebozo....Would you be interested if there's any information?' and 1 said. 'I sure would.' " Although Caulfield first tried to withhold Henry's name from the record, he finally admitted that Henry passed on information about Newsday. "Mr, Henry, as I recall, had friends at the newspaper ( a n d ) spoke lo those friends about the publication date of the article," Caulfield testified. The White House gumshoe- dutifully relayed this information lo Dean. Caulfield said he also believed that Newsday reporters in. Florida who worked on the Rebozo story were under Secret Service surveillance. The Secret Service and FBI deny they ever authorized any probes of News- day. Even some White House friends, however, drew suspicion from the President's inner circle. Caulfield testified. Dean once ordered a probe of Nixon's chief campaign aide on Jewish affairs, Lawrence Goldberg. Caulfield was worried about "a potential question of loyalty" to the campaign on the p a r t ' o f G o l d b e r g . Caulficlcl suggested the issue had been raised to him by Father McLaughlin. The staffer-priest refused to return our repeated calls. FOOTNOTE: A spokesman for Meany said the tireless old labor worker had "absolutely no idea" he was being probed. Caulfield could not be reached. Quest For Security In Mideast JERUSALEM (ERR) -- In 1903, six years after the first Zionist congress proclaimed that "Zionism strives to create for the Jewish people a homa in Palestine secured by public law," the British government offered the Jews 6.000 square miles in the highlands of Uganda. The ofler was rejected. "Let us forsake our lives in forergn lands and stand on f i r m ground on the land of our forefathers. Let us r e a c h for shovels and plows," an early Zionist pamphlet declared. It took almost 50 years and six million dead in the N'av.i holocaust .or Jews to reali/e their dream of a Zionist nation in Palestine. By most standards, the 26-year-old state of Israel is a success. The Israelis have made the desert bloom, not only with exportable f r u i t and flowers but also with power plants, factories, schools, hos- p i t a 1 s , scientific institutes, roads and houses. But success has come at so .ligh a price that some observers wonder if the original Zionisis would not have been wiser to accept the British offer of a Ugandan homeland. Four wars with neighboring Arab countries, continuing terrorist t h r e a t s from Palestinian guerrillas and a growing isolation in the international community have exacted a great I S R A E L ' S I M M E N S E military expenditures, which will account for 45 per cent of the country's gross national product in 1974, have contributed to an extremely high rate of inflation. Recent American visitors were shocked to find that one Jerusalem hotel charged $32 to launder six shirts, one pair of trousers and a jacket, that television sets cost $850 and that one bedroom condominiums were selling for $185,000. One Israeli cheerfully admitted that most people "were in hock up to their eyeballs." According to Eliahu Salpetcr, an Israeli journalist, "inflation is running at a 35 per cent rate, net forergn indebtedness this year is expected to increase by $1.5 billion (as against 5400 million in 1973) and the nation's foreign currency reserves are sharply declining. To stop runaway inflation at home and bankruptcy abroad, domestic consumption will have to be cut most drastically in the very near future."