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JtttDi- For women ...; ............. T 3 Editorial ...... ................ 4 s Â« wrt Â» ....... .-.i. Â«rr.... T .-. 9-11 Amusements ... ,vr. .-...-.Â·.... 12 Classified ....-.Â·.Â·.-......-.Â·.. 14-17 US* YEM-NUMBBt 15 The Public Interest Is The First Concern Of This Newspaper FAVETTEVIUE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, JUNE U, 1974 1OCAL FOUECAST- Partly cloudy and warmer w i t h slight chance of ttninder- showers on Saturday. Low last r.ight 53. Lows tonight [ n t h * upper 50s with highs Saturday in the upper 80s. Sumet today 8:37; sunrise Saturday 6:02. Weather map on page 5. Â·Â£18 PAGES-TEN CfNTS Decision In Lawsuit Against City Expected Within Month Cooperation. Agreed On By U. S., Russia For Three Projects --AP Wirepboto GREETINGS IN MOSCOW ... Brezhnev, center, grips Nixon's arm to introduce him to Soviet President Nikolai Podgorny To Return On Monday Legislature Passes 41 Bills, Then Adjourns LITTLE ROCK (AP) -- With motel and hotel accommodations claimed by a convention of Jehovah's Witnesses, the special legislative session is in adjournment until Monday afternoon. The Senate passed 18 House bills and the House 23 Senate bills in Thursday's session. All were administration bills. All go to Gov. Dale Bumpers. With the convention of Jehovah's Witnesses in Little Rock, many legislators had to give up their m o t e l rooms until next week because prior arrangements to have the rooms were made by delegates to the convention. The House adjourned until 1 p.m. Monday and the Senate until 1:39 p.m. Monday. Next week's business apparently will bring on consideration of the major Issues in the session -salary increases for teachers, state employes and college personnel, expansion of medicaid, supplemental construction appropriations for higher education. MEASURES PASSED Among the bills passed Thursday were measures to appropriate: --$1.5 million in additional funding for the state program providing free textbooks to the upper four grades of public schools. --$2.1 million for 13 construction projects under the Social and Rehabilitative Services Department. -$524,000 to the Educational Television Commission for construction of transmitter towers at Jonesboro, Fayetteville, Mountain View and Gurdon to make ETV available all over the state. None of the bills had any difficulty. The Senate margin usually was 32-0 and the House passage came with only a handful of negative votes. The two chambers also passed a bills to appropriate $380,000 for an expansion of the women's correctional facility at Pine Bluff. The expansion would give the c e n t e r a capacity of 92 inmates. The money will be taken from funds already available in prison accounts. The Senate approved a bill to appropriate J 1,010,000 f r o m prison accounts to supplement funds for prison operations, equipment purchase and equipment maintenance. The bills appropriating $300,000 each for the Arkansas School for the Blind and the Arkansas School for the Deaf also were approved as were bills appropriating $138,500 to finance the state Energy Office. The Energy Office, set up under the Public Service Commission last year in the energy crisis, has been operating on money from the governor's emergency fund. The Senate also approved bills to appropriate $30,000 for pre-inaugural expenses of t h e next governor. This makes a total of $60,000 available for such expenses. A House-passed bill creating 44 new houseparent positions in the three Juvenile Services Division training schools also was! approved by the Senate and sent to Bumpers. This bill provided $291,352 for salaries. The House passed Senate bills, to: - ^Increase state employe expense allowances from $20 to $25 daily in the state, $25 to $35 daily outside the state, and mileage ' allowances from 10 cents to 13 cents psr mile. --Add $200,000 to the $300,000 among about 50 of the state's poorest school districts to help make them more financially competitive with wealthier districts. NÂ£WS BRIEFS Vote Reaffirmed WASHINGTON (AP) -- The House has voted to reaffirm its tough anti-busing amendments in a $25-billion education bill. By a 242-163 tally Thursday, the House approved a motion by Rep. Joe D. Waggoner, D- La., to Instruct its conferees not to compromise on provisions that would virtually end all busing for school desegregation purposes and would permit the reopening of cases in which busing is taking place. Colleges Compete NEW YORK (AP) -- Colleges competing for federal aid are lowering standards and undermining faculty quality to hire more women and blacks, according to a report sponsored by the Carnegie Commission on Higher Education. The report by Dr. Richard A. Lester said the inadequate number of qualified faculty members available from the two groups has forced the universities to recruit from each other, playing "musical chairs" with their faculties. Tigers Doing Fine CINCINNATI, Ohio (AP) -The three rare white tiger cubs and their orange sibling born here last week have doubled their weight since birth and, zoo officials say, are in good health. Two cubs placed in incubator when their mother rejected them may be moved soon into a heated cage, officials said. Phillips Improved SPRINGDALE -- Mayor Park Phillips was reported in fair condition today at Springdale Memorial Hospital. Phillips was hospitalized 10 days ago after suffering a serious heart attack. Youth Killed DEQUEEN, Ark. (AP) -Benny Joe Branson, 16, of Horatio was killed early today when the car he was driving collided with a tractor-trailer three miles south of DeQueen on Arkansas 41. State Police said the accident occurred when the car driven by Branson crossed the center line and struck a tractor-trailer driven by Daniel Austin Blockmon, 21, of Grannis (Polk County). Blockmon and Terry M. Russell, 16, of DeQueen, a passenger in the car, were injured. Request Rejected WASHINGTON (AP) - Asserting that Congress has not done its part to control federal spending, President Nixon has rejected a request from M senators that he submit proposals for balancing the fiscal 1975 budget. The senators, both Democrats and Republicans, liberals and conservatives, had asked the President in a letter last week to suggest where changes could be made to balance income and expenses in the spending plan for the f i s c a l year starting Monday. MOSCOW (AP) -- President Nixon and Soviet leader Leonid I. Brezhnev achieved the first concrete results of their summit today, agreeing on three cooperative ventures, including research and development on an artificial heart. The two other agreements involve cooperation in the housing field and in energy development. The agreement on heart re- earch contemplates joint efforts 'to'rmprove synthetic cardiac valves and to develop artificial hearts. Researchers from both countries also woujd seek ways to -extend 'the operational life of cardiac-pacemakers and would work together to improve diagnostic techniques aimed at heading off heart attacks by early detection of blood supply disorders. They also would try to develop instruments to detect and treat heart ailments of children. Under thÂ« accord, the two countries would exchange models of artificial hearts and other devices for testing and would publish the results of joint research efforts. Under 1 the housing and construction agreement, special efforts would be made to develop criteria for building in earthquake-prone areas and in regions effected by climatic extremes, such as arctic cold and desert heat.' . . . ENERGY RESEARCH The energy agreement called for a broad and balanced range of joint research and development programs on conventional and unconventional energy forms, environmental problems related to energy, and ways to restrain energy usage. Brezhnev " ' 'rioted, however, that the process of detente has only "traversed the first stage." and that "much work lies ahead" that will require a sense of purpose and. good will. He also said. the summit meetings were marked by "frankness," a diplomatic way of saying the two sides have major points of divergence. Brezhnev also gave assurances there would be no "secret agreements," an apparent reference to a debate in the United States concerning allegations that so-called loopholes in the 1972 nuclear pact were later closed in secret negotiations. Nixon called off his plan to visit Star City on Saturday to inspect the training of American and Soviet spacemen. White House Press Secretary Ronald L. Ziegler said the President and Brezhnev had decided to use the time "for working sessions, consultation and negotiations." Nixon and Brezhnev got down to the business of their third summit meeting earlier in the . Â· ha TM Â» I'st that long," said Brezhnev, stretching h i s arms wide for an inquiring American newsman. And first on it is Ihe strengthening of fnendly relations." JUST BEGINNING p "The main talks are just beginning today," said Ihe Soviet leader as he waited for Nixon to arrive at his Kremlin office. Basically, yesterday, we just exchanged speeches. 1 ' Nixon started his day with a trip to the tomb of Ihe Soviet unknown soldier beneath the Kremlin wall to place the customary wreath. His arrival al Brezhnev's office was delayed 15 minutes when he made an unscheduled stop to shake hands with some of the hun- (CONTMTCZD ON PAGE TWO) Pentagon In Dark About Arms Options WASHINGTON (AP) -- Secretary of Defense James R. Schlesinger and the military chiefs are in the dark as to what specific nuclear arms limitation proposals President Nix on will push with Soviet leaders, Pentagon sources say. The recommendations of Schlesinger and the Joint Chiefs of Staff were presented at a National Security Council meeting presided over by Nixon last Friday. But sources say Nixon and Secretary of S t a t e Henry A. Kissinger left for Europe on Tuesday without telling defense leaders what options the President has decided to exercise in his Moscow negotiations. This, along with reports of differences between Schlesinger and Kissinger, raised doubts as to whether a "harmonious national position" was achieved, as Schlesinger predicted it would be. Officials decline to discuss the Pentagon's recommendations. But it is known the military chiefs are opposed tn extension of the present temporary Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) agreement without changes beyond its 1977 expiration date, TO EXPLOIT ADVANTAGE The chiefs, a n d other senior defense officials, believe this would leave the Russians free to exploit their advantage in numbers of missiles by deploying newly developed launchers armed with big nuclear-cipped multiple warheads (MIRVs) numbering in the thousands. This, they feel, would threaten to tip the balance against the United States, which has seen its qualitative advantage in MIRVs start to fade since the temporary SALT agreement was signed about two years ago. Schlesinger has indicated he would go along with an "agreement in principle" to limit deployment of advanced missiles with multiple warheads. But Schlesinger has said such an agreement would have to be safeguarded with means for verification to protect against cheating. Key Pentagon officials widely hold thai the Russians will not get down to real give-and-take bargaining until the last year of the temporary agreement, that they see no need to rush into another interim pact with pos- By Prosecutor In 'Plumbers' Trial Ehr [Lehman Break-In Approval Cited WASHINGTON (AP) -- For- roer White House domestic counselor John D. Ehrltehman approved the break-In at the office of Daniel Ellsberg's psychiatrist the weekend before the break-in occurred, prosecutor William S. Merrill cbaiged in court today. Opening his case in the Humbert trial, Merrill quoted Ehrlkhman m saying in a phone call to White House subordinates about the then proposed break-in: "Okay, let mo know If they find anything." Merrill said the phone call occurred Aug. 31, 1971, four day i before tho break-in at the office of Or. L*wii J. Fielding, the Beverly Hills psychiatrist who treated Ellsberg. Ellsberg subsequently was put on trial on charges stemming from the release of the Pentagon Papers but a federal judge dismissed the charges after learning among other things of the break-in at Fielding's office. Merrill said Ehrlichman'i approval was contingent only upon the covert operation not being traced to the White House. Merrill said Ehrlichman'i approval came in a phone call from Cape Cod, Mass., where hÂ« was vacationing, to David R. Young and Egil Krogh, who headed tho Whit* HOUM IB- vestrgative unit known as the Plumbers. The trial opened on Wednesday and jury selection was completed late Thursday. The opening defense statement for F.hrlichman is to be argued to the mostly black jury by Henry H. Jones, one of two black lawyers .working for the former presidential assistant. The other defendants are convicted Watergate conspirators G. Gordon Liddy, Bernard L. Barker and Eugenio L. Martinez. U.S. District Judge Gerhard A. Gesell sped the jury selection process along Wednesday and Thursday, narrowing the pool to 90 persons he judged in closed court sessions to be sufficiently free of pretrial bias for or against the defendants. Defense attorneys asked for, and were denied, dismissal of charges because of the broad, national attention given the case. On Thursday, impaneling a jury of 6 men and 6 women was completed during just two hours of challenges by defense and prosecution lawyers in open court. Despite the heavy coverage, Gesell said in preliminary instructions to the jury, "I believe this trial can now go forward in an atmosphere un- tainted by pre-trial publicity." The guilt or innocence of Ehrlichman, until a year ago among the three or four most powerful men In Washington, will be decided by a jury which includes an electric company meter reader, a retired elevator operator and two on the unemployment rolls. Only one juror, an economist, is a member of the professions. Racially, there are three white jurors and nine blacks, a proportion almost identical to the 1970 census figure of 71 per cent blacks living in Washington, D.C. Among the six black alternates, two aro women, four aro men. Issues Warning Lt. Gen. Mordechai Gur of Israel said Thursday t h a t Lebanon could become a battlefield U the Egyptians send planes and anti-aircraft missiles into the country. Presi- dent Anwar Sadat said Wednesday his country is prepared to send its air fnrce to defend Lebanon against Israeli air raids. (/.P Wire- photo) U.S.-Soviel Detente Hangs By Thread In Middle East A News Analysis By WILLIAM L. RYAN When the third Nixon-Brezh- nev summit is over in Moscow and the last communique has been signed and published, the life of Soviet-American detente will still hang b ya thread in the Middle East. Nixon Lawyer Unconvincing WASHINGTON (AP) - Comments from some House Judiciary Committee members s u g g e s t presidential lawyer James D. St. Clair has failed to punch any holes in the committee's impeachment case. The view that St. Clair had eft intact the framework of e v i d e n c e constructed b y counsel John Doar was shared by Rep. Charles E. Wiggins, R- Calif., one of Nixon's strongest supporters. Asked whether St. Clair had contradicted Doar's presentation, Wiggins said, "I think not. He tended to give it a different emphasis." St. Clair's presentation was lis first chance to speak after sitting through six weeks of committee hearings while Doar and his staff laid out their case. However, his comments were criticized by Rep. John F. Sei- wrling. D-Ohio. who said (hat St. Clair was violating the committee rules by presenting conclusions and arguments instead of slicking to facts. Sciberling raised several xints of order against the pre- icntation, prompting charges ly some Republicans that he was "nitpicking." NOT ALL FACTS Rep. Kdward Mezvinsky. D- towa, upon learning that St. Tlair has not listened lo all the White House tapes involved in ":he inquiry, but is relying on :he edited transcripts, said he may not have all the facts he needs to defend Nixon. Part of St. Clair's problem is :hat the case worked up by 5oar and his staff Includes nearly all the evidence helpful to Nixon that St. Clair presented. St. Clair was limited to tak- ng the same evidence and em- hasi?ing its positive aspects or Nixon's case. ' ' D o a r highlighted some points and St. Clair highlighted others," Smith said. "Natursl- y, St. Clair highlighted that part of the testimony t h a t in his estimate buttressed his claim hat the President had no tnowledge of lite Watergate reak-in and did not participate n the cover-up." The delicate structure of military disengagement constructed by Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger is threatened right now by an escalation of violence. If the thread doesn't snap, it probably will be because the Arabs don't wholly trust each other and because Egypt has too much stake in peace to let it happen. Events could get out of hand. Each time the Palestinian guerrillas strike a terrorist blow into Israel, the Israelis respond with a heavier blow against suspected centers of guerrilla activity in southern Lebanon. Now Egypt is reported threatening to resume the war to save Lebanon. The Lebanese wouldn't dare say it. but they must be silently praying to be saved from rescue by the Egyptians and Syrians. Lebanon on several occasions has been a focus of far too solicitous "help" from Egypt and Syria--to the point that she had to he saved from being gobbled up. SADAT'S GAMBLE Egypt's new warlike pronouncements may be more ihe- toric than substance, since President Anwar Sadat has gambled much on a period of relative peace during which he can build up his nation and at the same time discourage luo- ardent friendship with the R u s - sian bear. But conceivably the Syrians (CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO) Judge Orders Briefs Filed On Key Issues By LINDA DOBKINS TIMES Slaft Writer The "city trial" in Washing- ion Chancery Court closed early Thursday afternoon after t w o and a half days of testimony and legal debate -- and citizens now face a month-long wait for a decision in the case. A few of the issues raised by the four citizens who filed suit against the city of Fayetteville w e r e settled Thursday morning, but major issues 'ncluding the voluntary tax, the use of surplus funds in the Water and Sewer Department ami some city financial practices will be argued again in briefs to he submitted to Chancellor Warren Kimhrough. Each side in the suit will Save 10 days [o submit briefs on the questions raised in the trial. Another five days will be allowed for rebuttal. Noting the importance of :he case, Judge Kimbroughf promised a speedy decision. Kimhrough, from t h e F o r t Smith area, has been hearing Ihe case by appointment of the Supreme Court after Washing- Ion County Chancellor Thoraai Butt disqualified himself. QUESTIONS ANSWERED Two questions raised in the suit were answered Thursday morning in the form of demurrers introduced by city attorneys and sustained by thÂ« judge. The city's water and sewer rales, which the plaintiffs had attacked as discriminatory, were upheld by the court. T h e plaintiffs argued, through the testimony of plaintiff John Mahaffey, t h a t the rates are discriminatory- because low-consumption users pay a higher cost per gallon t h a n large c o m m e r c i a l a n d industrial users. The plaintiffs had also sought refund of money "illegally" exacted from citizens for the period from 1966 to 1973. City attorneys argued that the plaintiffs had failed to show evidence of fraud on the city's part and that the statute of limitation is therefore applicable -- limiting nny possibility of refunds to Ihree years before the filing of ;he suit. Three other charges raised in the suit were settled Thursday when the judge sustained demurrers. However, L e w i s Jones, attorney for the plain- :iffs. said (hat he had intended to "non-suit" those items anyway. CHARGES LISTED Included were charges that he city juggled meter readings o increase sewer revenues: hat the city threatened in some cases to withhold water and sewer service unless sanitation charges were paid: and that the city set sanitation rates arb!- rarily. Charges made concerning the city's payments tÂ» he Housing Authority were non-suited when the trial began. The city's only witness, Don aicr, who has been auditing city records since 1970, took the ilnnd Thursday. Baier testified on the reserves maintained in he Water and Sewer Department fund and on the city'i otal revenues and etnendilures ti each year since 1968. Flaier explained the reserve Â·emulations as he understood them from the pertinent ordinances involved, and then com- iirtert the reserves twice: first CONTINUED ON P ICE TWO) Congress Said Not At Fault For Those Strange Projects WASHINGTON' (AP) -- Congress isn't at fault because $70,000 was spent lo find out how sweating Australian aborigines smell, or because more than $20.000 was spent to study blood groups of Polish pigs, the General Accounting Office says. In fact, said GAO. Congress is not directly responsible for these or a number of other seemingly unusual projects funded with federal money. For instance, there was the $29,361 for an odor measuring machine purchased for T u r k e y under an Agriculture Department research project: and the Smithsonian Institution's S 15.000 study of lizards in Yugoslavia, W.OOO study of Polish frogs and $35.000 look at wild boars in Pakistan. The Polish pig-blood group study also had been undertaken by the Smithsonian. The GAO comments were in a report to a number of congressmen who had demanded an explanation for projects disclosed in a March 1974 article by James D. Davidson, executive director of the National Taxpayers Union. His article, the GAO said Thursday, discussed "a number of seemingly w a s t e f u l government expenditures." The GAO. a congressional watchdog agency, studied 35 projects cited by Davidson, confirmed the existence of most and concluded that none were authorized specifically by Congress. GAO did not evaluate the merits of the projects, only identified the agencies that conducted them. "Base upon our research, we found that the eTamplei cited were not line items specifically authorized by Congress but were included in larger appropriating and authorizations of agencies and departments," GAO official D. L. Scantlebury said in a letter to Rep. Robert W. Daniel Jr., R-Va.