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Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Interest h The First Concern O/ This Newspaper 4 Â· TUESDAY, JUNE 35, 1974 Burger Readies For Date With Destiny Abilities Unlimited An extremely important fund drive is gelling under way in Fayctteville this month, Â·with minimum fanfare, hut enormous long- range significance. Abilities Unlimited of .Northwest Arkansas is seeking public subscription of $23,000 in matching funds, with which to purchase land and construct a perm a n e n t (raining and operational headquarters. Abilities Unlimited, only six years old, has been on probation you might say during the early years of its existence. Does Norlh- wosl Arkansas need this type of training program? Does the area have the need for and will it accept this addition to the labor market? Will the community invest sufficient interest and support to provide a foundation for growth and economic self-support? Six years ago there were surely more doubters t h a n believers. Through the dedication of a number of area residents, plus the inherent value of the program itself, Abilities Unlimited today provides almost half of its own support in earned income. In addition it has demonstrated repeatedly and positively its worth in both human and economic terms to the community. Against this background of growth, acceptance and success, the training facility needs for Northwest Arkansas' handicapped is envisioned as a modern new plant costing an estimated Â§96,000. A federal grant is available in the sum of $73,000, providing the community secures matching funds of $23,000, a bargain by any light. At present, Abilities Unlimited is operating out of an old building on Mill street, inadequate in size and accommodation. Proposed is a new structure of about 10,000 square feet, which will enhance the humanitarian efforts of the area, as well as place a worthwhile group of citizens within reach of self support. Wes Gordon, longtime manager of the local Chamber of Commerce, is heading the area fund campaign. He is looking for workers, as well as pledges. For so worthwhile a cause, we hope and trust he gets an ample supply of both. From. The Readers Viewpoint Best As Is To the Editor: This is in reference lo Ihe letter on J u n e 18 by Ms. Ella Potcc. Ms. Potee should read Ihe column on the same page o f t h a t issue. headlined "Europe In A Stale Of Flux." She wants the system that has enabled Italy lo have 36 governments in the last 30 years; that has left Canada, Belgium, England and Holland among other countries \vith minority governments unable to act decisively for fear of a no-confidence vote. Do we really want this? I, for one, prefer o u r - system of checks and balances which, although Congress has tended lo allow Ihc executive lo run tilings by d e f a u l t , has still xvorked reasonably well for nearly 200 years, longer t h n n any other continuous governmental system with the single exception of England's Parliament, which has gone through a complete shift of power from the House of Lords (o the Housa- of Commons. Robert M. Holdar Fayetteville Too Many Folks To the Editor: Several letters (including one of my own) have appeared in this newspaper in recent weeks which comment on the problem of over-population of our planet by humans. I believe an additional point needs to be clarified regarding this problem. One often reads statements to the effect that "...at the world's present population growth rale, there will be seven billion people on this planet by t h e year 2000, nearly 20 billion by (he year 2059. and so on." In their" book, Population, Resources, and Environment, Ehrlich and Ehrlicli carry this projection to an extreme by stating: "If the population continues to grow at its present rate, within a couple of thousand years human beings would f i l l every bit of space in (he known universe, and (his great mass of h u m a n i t y would be expanding at a rate faster than the :cspeed of light." And two Ihou- " "sand'years is not an historically inconceivable length of time. However, this last example From Our Files; How Time Flies 10 YEARS AGO An outspoken foe of any effort to annex the Farmington School District lo the Fayelteville District has been appointed io the F a r in i n g l o n School Board. County Judge Arthur Martin named Thomas B u c h a n a n to the post. Four youths were booked last night on a variety of charges 50 YEARS AGO The formal opening of the "Riverside Park" dance pavilion at Riverside P a r k near Greenland will be staged tonight with Owen Mitchell's orchestra playing for the prom. Two more contributions have swelled the Hermann Bagby fund slightly, but Fayettevilje is not responding to the Olympic cause as well as she should. In sending Bagby to France, 100 YEARS AGO The Committee of Arrangements hsve adopted the following programme for the fourth oi July celebration in this city. The procession is to form in the Masonic A d d i t i o n and move down College Avenue to Center s:rcct. on; Center street io I lie Public Square, up East Street to Dickson and out Dickson lo alter the car in which they were riding plowed into a trac- lor and a half-Ion Iruck on Hwy. 71 Soulh. Wilma Lea Blevins, 23. a Urii- vcrsily of Arkansas graduate from Harrison, was picked by the American Dairy Association Wednesday as American Dairy Princess. Fayetleville, the University, and Arkansas have a chance to place a man high in the f i n a l events and gain international publicity. W. I. lilceker of t h e University of Arkansas, veteran Mason was elected W.JI. of the Washington Lodge Xo. 1. Free and Accepted Masons, in the election just held for tiie coming year. Ihe University Grove, beginning promptly at 10 o'clock. The order of exercises at the grounds includes music, prayer, two oralions, the reading of the Declaration of Independence, a barbecue dinner niid games. Tiie celebration will conclude with a -grand exhibition of fire-works at night, on the common near the University. They'll Do It Every Time PAWNS ANP PON1K52 GOES AU. OJTTOV/OKK HIS UT N1K52 GCZS A U . f t ^ f ? ! u eÂ«?i?Â£N-- \fijHisn\l !Â· Â·' la sr~=-=^--jP- A5Â£ SACK 10 HOSMAU, IHttUPlMS THE WKÂ£Â» may be considered ridiculous as H is a physical impossibility. As w i t h a population of any species, .some environmental factor will eventually limit p o p u l a t i o n growth. F o r example, food Cor (he lack of it): two-thirds of the people of the world (including many in this country) get inadequate n o u r i .s h m c n t for complete health; how can we honestly expect to adequately feed twice as m a n y people. Other similar examples can easily be found regarding our dwindling, irreplaceable natural resources.-* Thus, the h u m a n population canont continue to grov/ indefinitely. Something must and will limit population growth. We must decide now how to go about sensibly limiting our population. Surely there arc more h u m a n e methods of population control than wars and starvation. Our political leaders should address themselves to this most urgent problem. Jeffrey B. M o r a n Fayetteville (UA Box 59) Write The FCC It seems 11ml almost everyone is having trouble with their tv reception, whether on cable or antenna. Therefore, if you arc having trouble, the .Federal Communications Commission says to write direct to them about it: F e d e r a l Communications Commission 1919 M Street Washington, D.C. 20554 Explain any problem you may I K . h a v i n g ; local station interference, Star Channel, or whatever. Luther Russell (A concerned citizen Having trouble, also) Fayetleville Today In History By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Today is Tuesday June 25, the 176ih day of 1974. There are 189 days left in the year. Today's highlight in history: On this date in IfioO, North Korea invaded the Republic of Korea. U was the beginning of ihe KoiTLin war. On this date: In 1788. Virginia ratified the U.S. Constitution. In 1815. Napoleon Bonaparte made a farewell address before bt'im; exiled to Snini Helena, In 1S76. Gen. George Glister's force was massacred in the Battle of the Little Big Horn in Montana. In 1913, American forces drove the Germans out of Belleai] Wood, France after a two-week battle in World W a r I. in 1934. it was announced that 16 million Americans were on relief. In 1967, President Lyndon Johnson and Soviet Premier Kosgin concluded talks at Glassboro State College in New Jersey and pledged that the U.S. and U.S.S.R. would not let any crisis push them inlo nuclear war. Ten years ago: Some 30 blacks and three whites were hospitalized d u r i n g an outbreak of racial violence in Augustine, Fla. r'ive years ago: A J e r s e y City, X.J., grocer, Rafael Tormes, was charged with stabbing and beating his wife and seven of their children to death. One year ago: John Dean told the Senate committee investigating the Watergate break-in that President Nixon had taken part in the covcrup. Today's birthdays: Broadway producer George Abbott is 85, Lord Louis MountbaUen of Britain is 74. Hy JACK ANDURSOON WASHINGTON -- Chief Justice W a r r e n B u r g e r , his white m a n e pompadourcd a n d ix- mailed, is preparing grandly for his date with destiny. In the majestic marble halls of the Supreme Court, he w i l l preside over the historic impasses between Ihc courts, the Congress and an obstructionist President. For the high court has agreed to rule whether the Watergate grand j u r y had the authority to cite President Nixon as an "nntndicted co-conspirator" and whether Special Prosecutor Leon Jaworski can subpoena .some 64 additional While House tapes. If Ihe House later should impeach President Nixon, Ihe handsome, h a u g h t y liujger will a iso preside over the Senate trial. Those who know him say be views his historic: role with the greatest gravity. Already, IK- has asked a former law clerk to research impeachment precedents for him. Burger has also s e n t for copies of congressional hearings on executive privilege., so lie can bone up on the lc*gal issues in the tapes case. He 3s undeterred by word t h a t Justice William Rehnquist will withdraw from the Watergate case? because of his Justice Department work on national .security issues a'n d his close association with the Watergate figures. Burger has a similar conflict. He not only was appointed by President Nixon but has been The Washington Merry-Go-Round a Nixon man for more than 20 years. D u r i n g the private deliberations of the nine Justices. Burger invariably champions the Nixon view on controversial cases. He lias been known to switch to the majority side, however, when it has become clear that the Nixon position wouldn't prevail. Reason: Supreme Court sources suggest t h a t Burger doesn't want to appear in public to be a Nixon echo. He has also had close personal ties to the two embattled law-anti-order -men, John Mil- cliell and Richard Kleindienst, who headed Nixon's Justice Department before they were hauled before t h e courts for allgedly violating the law t h e m s e l v e s . Burger even recommended a special prosecutor to Kleindienst to handle the Watergate investigation. Because of these associations, Burger has been urged to dis- q u a l i f y himself from Watergate decisions and to hand over the impeachment gavel to the senior associate justice, William p. Douglas. But the chief justice clearly doesn't intend to miss his hour in the eye of history. We have spoken to several of the nine justices .who say the decision will be left to Burger whether to withdraw from the Watergate cases and the impeachment trial. Within t h e last two weeks, he has taken lime out to dine alfresco in the court garden with his associates Harry Blackmun and Lewis Powell. But no associate justice is likely to suggest to Burger s face that he disqualify himself. Some colleagues describe him as a conscientious, diligent, decent chief justice. Kleindienst, who t o l d us he had approached Burger for his recommendations on a special prosecutor, praised his integrity. Most agree that B u r g e r doesn't t a k e his conservative, law-and-order line from Nixon. The chief justice's hardshell views they say, are his own. He is so obsessed over the threat of violence that he drives with an armed chauffeur and uses court police as bodyguards. A late caller at his home was startled to be greeted at the door by the while-haired jurist with a drawn pistol. If Burger isn't the most brilliant jurist to preside over the Supreme Court, he is one of the most pompous. He annexed to his personal offices the court's conference room. He installed a desk so there could be no mistaking that the lesser justices convened in his domain for their deliberations. He also ordered a length of gold carpet rolled out for them to tread upon as they marie their way through a rear hallway to take their seats behind the 'great mahogany Supreme Commanding The S.S. Economy State Of Affairs Future Of The Committee By CLAYTON FRITCHEY WASHINGTON -- For more than four long years, Sen. ,L W Fulbright (D-Ark.). chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, strongly opposed the Nixon-Kissinger foreign policy, epecitilly as it. related to Southeast Asia, but today few i n Washington mourn the coming retirement of Fulbright more than the secretary of state. Since Dr. Kissinger took over the State Department last fall, he and the Democratic senator from Arkansas, who was defeated last month for renomi- nation, have not only worked together harmoniously but have become good personal friends. It was made possible by U.S. withdrawal from South Viet- n a m , the dotenlc with Russia and China and tiie Administration's -.'ffort to establish pc-jce in the Middle East through a new deal with the Arab nations, all of which have long been favored by Fulbright. It is no secret thai in recent months the secretary of state has privately as well as publicly consulted Fulbright on almost every Administration move and, in the process, has kept the Senate Foreign Relations Committee as a whole well informed on plans and operations. It has been a remarkable and constructive example of b i p a r t i s a n foreign policy. As an incidental result. Dr. Kissinger knows lie can now count on getting a fair a n d sympathetic hearing when, at his request, Fulbright and rhu committee review for the second time (he secretary's role in t h e controversial W h i t e House wiretapping case. IF THERE IS a silver lining to Fuibright's defeat, and the consequent loss of perhaps the most experienced and best- informed chairman in our time, it is ihe legacy of bipartisan independence he will leave behind, and, along wilh it, a renewed sense of committee responsibility and self-rcspecl. After a long period of boms? little more than a rubber stamp for the man in the White House. Ihe committee in recent years has been standing up to both Democratic and Republican Presidents (notably Lyndon Johnson a n d Richard N i x o n ) , a n d , in the process, inspiring the Senate to reassert its constitutional role in the m a k i n g of foreign policy. Sen. John .Sparkman (U-Ala.), who will become chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee in January, is no Fulbright. His tendency is to get along wilh whatever Administration is in power, as exemplified by his support of the Vietnamese war. He will be surrounded, however, by determined colleagues. Sparkman says he doesn't believe in a "controlled com mittee." Moreover, as he adds. "You can't control it anyway .-- there are a lot of strong individuals on it." The committee does include some of Ihe most prominent senators of both parties. On Ihe Democratic side there are two former presidential nominees (Hubert Humphrey of Minnesota and George McGovern of Soulh Dakota) and a former vice-presidential nominee (Edm u n d Muskie of Maine). Just behind Sparkman in seniority is Majority Leader Mike Mansfield of Montana, and behind him is tiie young and forceful Frank Church, of Idaho. Church seems destined to be chairman in the nol-too-distant future, for both Sparkman and Mansfield arc in their 70s and probably won't run again. The other Democrats are all seasoned, influential senators: Stuart Symington of Missouri, Claiborne Pell of Rhode Island and Gale McGce of Wyoming. The Republicans (all moderates or liberals) are headed by the venerable George Aiken of Vermont, one of the most respected men in the Senate. The others in order of seniority are the independent Clifford Case of New Jersey, Jacob Javits of New York (called the most "intelligent" member of the Senate), Minority Leader Hugh Scott of Pennsylvania, James Pearso/1 of Kansas, presidential hopeful Charles Percy of Illinois and Assistant Minority Leader Robert Griffin of Michigan. CRITICS OK THE committee have recently argued t h a t , as one wrote, it "has lost power to the relatively obscure, but more united, active and a g g r e s s i v e House Foreign Affairs Committee." T h e assessment is wide of the irurk. The reason Ihe House group is "relatively obscure" is that it deserves to be. It (Iocs not compare in caliber or performance with the Senate committee. Where the House panel has been united chiefly in merely doing the bidding of t h e While House, the Senate committee has Ireen united, often unanimously or near u n a n i m o u s l y , i n t h e boldest kind of independent action, such as successfully sponsoring I h c War Powers Act, which is designed to stop Presidents from plunging inlo wars without consulting Congress. Under Fulbrighl and former Republican Sen. John Sherman Cooper of Kentucky, t h c corrtmittee repealed the Tonkin Gulf Resolution, which Lyndon Johnson used to legalize (he Vietnamese war. It led the fight to force U.S. withdrawal from Cambodia. It cracked down on military aid lo military die- talorships. It encouraged Ihe rapprochement wilh China and Russia. In addilion. it has put so- called executive agreements as well as formal treaties under sharp scrutiny. And. among other things, the creation of two new subcommittees headed bv Sens. Church and Symington has extended t h e committee's influence over U.S. foreign bases and the rapid spread of powerful multinational corporations all over Ihe world. Waller Lippmann once said that the removal of Fulbright from public life would be "a national calamity." When he leaves next year, however, Ihe loss will be cushioned hy t h e fact that he leaves a committee that is likely to carry on for some time in his unpartisan, independent tradition. (C) 1974, Los Aicelts Time* Court bench. Writer Nina Tolenberg, an alert court observer, reports that Burger leaves imperious, written instructions for hii messenger, directing him lo "fill water pitcher" or "check ink well," He signs the daily instructions: "This is an order." Not one lo be trifled wilh. Burger felt his dignity had been offended by a passenger who blew crgar smoke in his direction aboard the Washington-New York Metrolincr. The eminent chief juslico wrote an indignant lelter to the secretary of transportation and put a stop lo cigar smoking on the train. No detail is loo petty, apparently, to escape his attention. Once, he took t i m e out from Ihe court's jj'eat decisions to order a malfunctioning clock returned to Ihe Capilol. His pet peeve is the ballooning caseload of the high court. To dramatize this, he has assigned clerks and interns literally lo count pages and produce useless slalislics. Even the pamphlet distributed to tourists has been revised lo include a highlighted ilem on the heavy caseload. Under Burger, the court is becoming more burcaucratizcd and Ihe interaction of the nine ju-stices is becoming less stimulating. One veteran on Ihe court misses the snappy, organized, motivated discussions, which ha says have been replaced by looser, dra'gged-out meeting*. where lack of preparation i j evident. Evaluating The 'New U. S. Army WASHINGTON (ERR) Legal authority to induct men into the armed forces through the Selective Service System cxpirld one your ago on JunÂ» 30. 1!)73. AFTER A SHAKY slart, the all-volunteer Army appears well on the way toward meeting its manpower needs. F c w would have deemed this possible a year ago. The Army was then f a i l i n g to m e e t its monthly recruiting quotas by margins of up to HO per cent. As recently as Jamiiiry il was thought that the Army would lie 75,(H10 men below authorized strength by fiscal 1975, which begins July 1. Today, me situation looks entirely different. In ilay. normally the poorest recruiting month of the year, the Army exceeded ils quota by Â·! p e r cent. Enlistment's for May 197:), in contrast, fell 29 per cent below the quota figure. The Army looks for another . good recruiting month in June, which usually produces a bumper crop of enlistments by high school graduates. By tile end of Hie month, a Pentagon s p o k e s m a n lolrl Editorial Re.search Reports, the Army should be "verv close" to its authorized strength of 781.600. He defined "very close" as 09.5 per cent or more. The A r m y attributes ils nevv- fmnid success in achieving manpower goals lo two [actors. "More and belter" recruiters have been sent into Hie field, and the monthly enlistment figures bear witness to their persuasiveness. In addition, the rc-cnlistmcnl rate of men and women completing t h e i r first term of duty has more than doubled since the beginning of the year. This trend is of particular significance to Pentagon officials, for it seems to indicate that more and more men and women are deciding on m a k i n g the Army a career. NEVERTHELESS, doubls about the composition and quality of the volunteer Army arÂ» still voiced in many quarters. Rep. Charles B. Rangel (D- N.Y.) predicted in 1971 t h a t blacks, Puerto Ricans and Mexican-Americans would con- stitule the bulk of the volun- toers"sincc there are no other economic options open to them." It would be a lie. lie said, "lo label this a volunteer army. It would be a mercenary a r m y composed of men soldiering for a pay check." Minority groups do in fact supply a large percentage of A r m y volunteers, but the Pentagon professes lo he unconcerned. So far in fiscal 1974, around 7 per cent of new volunteers have been blacks. Army spokesmen haslen lo point out t h a t only 21 per cent of black recruits have boen assigned lo combat units. Thin shows, they say, that blacks are seeking out the higher - skilled jobs and arc not, being used as cannon .fodder. SOME CR1.TICS contend that the diapnearancc of middle Â· class whites f r o m military service will ease restraints on the President's capacity to wage war abroad. But a contributor to Commonweal argued lhat "as long as the services are barred from reinlroriiicing the draft to obtain replacements for men lost in battle, it cannot get involved in combat situations where the manpower requirement is likely to ba high." In a progress report submitted to President Nixon in February. A r m y S e c r e t a r y Howard H. Callaway insisted that the Army is "stronger than when the d r a f l ended." A number of observers of Ihc military scene arc not so sure. There is only one way to find out -- through actual combat -and no one wants thÂ»t.