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INSJDf- Edilorial ..-. For women , 4 5 .... 9-10 Entertainment . Comics .............. ? i j2 Classified ........... .".'..._ 13 . 15 llSfh YEAR-NUMBER t2 The Public Interest Is The First Concern Of This Newspaper FAYETTEVILLE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, JUNE 25, 1974 Mobbed At Film Festival Police force a path lor Groucho Marx, 83, through a crowd that gathered i n New Y o r k City Sunday night fnr a revival of his movie, "Animal Crackers." Groucho said, "I'm delighted to be here although I was almost murdered." (AP Wirepholo) Supreme Court Overturns Florida 'Equal Space' Law WASHINGTON (AP) -- A unanimous Supreme Court today declared that stales cannot demand that newspapers give political candidates free space to reply to editorial attacks. The court overturned a 61 year-old Florida law imposing such a requirement. The courl said the law violates Ihe Kirs Amendment free press guaran. tee. Chief Justice Warren E. Burger wrote for the courl, "The choice of malerial to 'go inlo a newspaper, and the decisions made as to limitations on the size of the paper and contcnl and treatment of public issues and public officials -- whether fair or unfair -- Â· constitutes the exercise of editorial control and judgment." He said the government cannot interfere with a newspaper's judgment about what it publishes. In a separate case, the court ruled 5 to 4 that private indiv uals may sue naws media for libel without proving reckless disregard for the truth, even when speaking on public issues EXTENSION REFUSED The court t h u s refused to ex- lend to private individuals the rule it has laid down for public, -officials and public figures. That rule requires t h a t public figures regard prove for. the reckless truth bv dis- the media before they can sue fo. libel. In the case of private individuals speaking on public issues, the court said, proof negligence is enough when seeking only actual damage. However, such individuals must prove reckless disregard for the truth by the media fo sue for punitive damages, the court said. In the Florida right-lo-rcply case, the court said it has yet to be demonstrated how government regulations over a newspaper's judgment about wh.il it publishes could be exercised consistent with First Amendment guarantees of a free press. The Florida law had been applied only rarely until Pat L. Tornillp. a candidate for the state legislature, invoked it in support of his demand for free space in the Miami Herald fo reply lo two critical edilorials during his 1972 campaign. | A Florida trial court rejected Tornillo's argument but thi. Florida Supreme Court sidec with him. The slate Supreme Court concluded that the statute was con sistent with the First Amend ment because it "is designed to add to the flow of information and ideals." New Tax Hike Is Hinted At Hearings WASHINGTON (AP) -- As the Senate considers a scaled- down package of tax cuts and tax reform, administration economists are saying a tax increase may be necessary in the years ahead. Presidential ' economic adviser ^Kenneth Rush said Mon- "Wc've excluded nothing in terms of iiow lo balance the Inidgct." And Herbert Slcin, chairman of Ihe President's Council of Economic Advisers, termed a increase an "arithmetical possibility" but not a close or 'mmediate one. Their comments came after ""resident Nixon announced he will try to balance Ihe 1976 udgct lo restrain i n f l a t i o n . In the Senate, sponsors of the ax cut-lax reform package lost 3IWM. They had expected the iefoal and readied a smaller iroposal for an income tax re- luclion combined with one re- "orm measure. This now plan, offered by Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey, I). Minn., is lo be debated lodav FILIBUSTF.R SEEN ' Sponsors expect the new pro- Is refornicub ision to he filibustered since Is reform provision would repeal the 22 per cent oil depletion allowance. Oil slate sena- ors have pledged to fight it. The tax cut in the Humphrey mcndment would be achieved hy raising the personal CT-J (CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO) I LOCAL KMUCAST- Fair through Wednesday witK cool nights and mild days. Low tonight near 50. High Wednesday in the low 80s. Sunset today 8:37; sunrise Wednesday 6:01. Weather map on page 3. PAGES-TEN CENTS Senate Kills Bumpers' Wilderness Measure Nixon Pledges Effort To Cut Arms Race WASHINGTON (AP) -- Pres ident Nixon left today for ; Moscow summit with a pledgi Lo seek closer cooperation wit the Soviet Union and a lesser of "the burden and threat' of nuclear weapons. In a brief statement before leaving nearby Andrews Ai Force Base, Nixon listed three Joals for his summit meeting with Soviet leaders: --To strengthen U.S.-Sovie ties. -To "develop areas of coop eration lo displace areas o confronfalion" elsewhere in thi world, and --To progress toward limiting 'both the burden and (hreat o nuclear weapons." The Moscow summit is ex peeled to produce a partial ban underground nuclear weap ons tests and an agreement in principle to harness fast-devel oping nuclear technology But Secretary of State Henn A. Kissinger told a news con ercnce Monday that the third annual summit is unlikely to r o d u c e a - comprehensive treaty limiting offensive nuclear veapons. Nixon, Kissinger and a huge entourage were lo stop first srussels so Nixon can sign new declaration of trans-Atlan- ic cooperation with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization on Wednesday. NIXON HOPEFUL Nixon said he hoped Ihe dec- aralion to be signed there I'ould bring "new purpose and ew direction" to the alliance. The chief executive spoke in- ormally to a group of White louse employes before making he helicopter ride to Andrews. The presidential party, in- (CONTlNlrED ON PAGE TWO) President's Aides Hit WASHINGTON (AP) -- A enate Walcrgale committee eport says some presidential dvisers over Ihe last three ad- linislralions acquired enough lower to became assistant residents, accountable to no ne. "As assistant presidents, they xercise enormous power --tak- n in the name of the President ut often, it sems, without his cmn'escencc or even his knowl- dge," Dr. Arthur Miller, a pecial consultant, said in Ihe eport. "The Senate does not confirm icm, their actions are not judi- ially reviewablc, (hey invoke secutivc privilege and refuse i deal with Congress--they, in hort, act as a government ithin a government," Miller ild the committee. The report s a i d testimony ven (o the committee in- icntes that the office of the resident has "swollen to mam- olh proportions" and thai aff assistance and advice las been gradually trans- rmed into an inslrument of onlrol." Firemen Extinguish Duplex Blaze Fayetteville firemen battle a noon. Three fire companies smoky maze in one side of a responded to the 4-25 p m duplex at tire north end of alarm, brought the fire under Brenda Drive Monday atler- control and reported damage was limited fo the duplex occupied by Mike Thsen. Firemen said the lire was touched off when a pan of grease caught fire on a kitchen range. (TIMESphoto by Ray Gray) Suit Against City Goes To Trial A suit by four residents against the City of Fayetteville vent to trial in Chancery Court oday after the city's Board of Directors Monday rejected an attempt by the plaintiffs ettle on their own terms. to C h a n c e l l o r Warren Kim- brough of Fort Smith is hearin the case. Washington Count Chancellor Thomas F .Butt ear Her disqualified himsel because, as a Fayetteville ta: payer, he has an interest i the action's outcome. Attorneys for plaintiffs T. C Htm BRIEFS Escapee Hunted POTEAU, Okla. CAP) -Southeast Oklahoma officers, a team of tracking dogs ith rom the Oklahoma State 'Cnitenliary, were searching to 'ay for four men who escaped rom the LeFlore County jail ivernight. The four fled the jail about 3 i.m. The escapees were identified s Jesse Chapa, 23; David Lee life, 20; James Bledsoe, 24; md James J. Wojahn, 35. They reportedly forced open he cell with a k n i f e and bound jailer in the escape. No one was injured. U.N. Troops Killed NEW YORK ( A P ) -- Four ustrian soldiers of the United alions Disengagemenl Observ- r Force in the Golan Heights 'ere killed and one wounded oday when a land mine ex- lorled, a spokesman at U.N. eadquarlers in New York re- orled. Records Tumble It's sweater weather in Ar kansas. The National Weather Service said record lows for June 25 were recorded this morning al Fort Smith and Little Rock. The temperature dropped to 49 degrees at Fort Smith breaking Ihe record of 58 de grces set in 1958. At Little Rock, the temperature dipped tn 57 degrees. The record low of 60 degrees was also recorded in 1058. The Weather Service s.... cool Canadian air was responsible for the low temperalurcs. Fair skies are expected through Wednesday as high pressure continues lo dominate the weather scene. Veterans Bill Approved WASHINGTON ( A P ) -- The House hns passed and sent lo ^he Senate a bill fo provide funds for 15 lo 18 per cent cost- of-living increases in benefits to -ome 2.2 million disabled vetcr- Retaliatory Air Raids Anticipated Arab Terrorists Attack Israeli Town TEL AVIV, Israel (AP) More Israeli air attacks on Palestinian positions in Lebanon were expected soon in retaliation for another raid by Arab guerrillas who killed lour Is raelis in the Nahariyya. seaside town of The Ihrce guerrillas invaded an apartment house in the town seven miles south of the Lebanese border and killed a 29- year old woman, her two small children and an Israeli soldier before Israeli troops mowed them down. Eight Israelis were wounded, woman's troops. including husband the rid dead .five It was the fourth major terrorist attack in Israel in 214 months. The raiders have killed iH persons, including 33 children, and 100 have been wounded. In that period, 28 guerrillas have been lulled in Israel, while 43 Palestinian guerrillas and civilians have been reported killed and more than 120 wounded by Israeli air strikes in Lebanon. "We will not tolerate these attacks." Israeli Premier Yitzhak Rabin declared afler rushing to Nahariyya before dawn. "We will do everything possible lo prevent them and punish those responsible." The three terrorists slipped into Israel from Lebanon by motorboat Monday nrght and made their way through the streets of the quiet seaside resort--a favorite of honeymooners --until they came to a three-story apartment house at 19 Balfour Street. Firing throwing their hand weapons and grenades, the three Arabs rushed past two elderly civilian guardi about 11:30 p.m. and raced through the corridors shooting at every door, residents reported. The occupants barricaded themselves in their apartmenls, pushing furniture against the doors. But the Arabs shot their way inlo the apartment occupied by Mordechai Xarankin, his wife Irene and their 5-year- old boy and 10-year-old 'girl. Israeli soldiers surrounded the building and by loudspeaker warned the residents to lie on the floor and under their beds until they could be rescued. A helicopter dropped flares, and police trained floodlights on the building. The semi-official Israeli stale radio said Zarankin threw a note out of his bathroom window saying, "There are terrorists in the Hat. Help." ; A young man found the notej and saw the father trying lo push his small son and daughter Ihrough the window. Then an explosion was heard, and the man and the two children fell back into the room. For three hours g u n f i r e and explosions pierced the nrght. A marksman shot and killed one of the guerrillas on the roof of the building. Then army offi- c e r s , s n o u t i n g through loudspeakers, told the two remaining gunmen to free their hoslages or die. The Arabs answered with bursts of gunfire. An army combat team scaled the wall of the building and went in through the door where the dead guerrilla had been perched. They advanced inside the building behind a screen of bul- leU, Outside on* doorway where a terrorist and a soldier threw grenades at each olher, the entire wall was shattered. After the 20-minule battle, the two guerrilla* were dead. Seventeen men. women and children were rescued. But in the Zarankin a p a r t m e n t , Mrs. Zarankin was found critically wounded and her two children dead. A doctor performed an emergency operation on Ihe woman in (he blood -spattered apartment but could not save her. Security officers said the terrorists shot the woman and the children before the soldiers began their assault on the building. After daybreak, the police found a small fishing boat with an outboard motor they said Ihe terrorists had used for the trip from Lebanon Jr., John Mahaffcy Carlson Richard Mayes and Anneller Buche appeared before a spe cial meeling of the Board Directors Monday to present proposed settlement. The board rejected the setllc ment -- which included pay ment of attorneys' fees an court costs -- by" a 6-0 vole with Mrs. T. C. Carlson, wifi of one of the four plainliffs abstaining. Carlson and the others allegi a variety of violations by t h i cily government including pro posed extension of walcr main i n t o the "growth area' surrounding Fayetteville, a n d collection of five mills "volunteer" taxes. They also charge that the water, Sewer and Sanitation Departments have bccMi operated a s profit m a k i n g enterprises and d e m a n d that any profits plus the i n c o m e from volunteer millagcs b returned to the taxpayers. TAX END SOUGHT T h e proposed settlement called for, among other things -- end to the five-mill volun tary tax. Had the proposed settlement been accepted by the Board it would have left open the questions of the right of the city to own, operate "and contro a wafer system outside ils cit imils (growth area); the right of Ihe city lo spend waler an sewer revenues for other than waler and sewer purposes; Ihe alleged failure of Ihe cily lo maintain required reserves; the use of an "inverted rale sir lies' 1 utilized hy the cily for water, sewer and s a n i t a t i o n rales; the question of the city allegedly lending Us credit to irivate individuals or organizations and the alleged illegally of the city involvement with :hc Fayetleville Housing Au thority. During discussion of the proposed settlement by boarc members, director Paul Nolam laid he felt Ihe issue was im portant enough that the citizens of Fayellevilic were entillcd lo "a court decision ralher than decision arrived at by this xard and, I personally, fee t h a t , we should let Ihe court decide this issue." At lhat point, Mrs. Carlson asked Noland if he were aware Crash Located CLARKSVILLK, Tex. (AI') -Red River County sheriff's dep- ilics said today they have ound the wreckage of a burned llano near here. Deputies were en roule lo the area. The crash sighting followed eports thai a private plane en- oule from Dallas to Little Rock, Ark. was missing. Slate police and the Love 'icld flight service reported the Beechcraft 55 took off about 10 .m. Monday and there had wen no further word of ils hereabouts. It was due in -itlle Rock a liltle after mid- ifiht. of the liability the city would face If the court ruled that the city should pay back the vnlun- lary taxes already collected. fn reply, William li. Putman, an attorney for the cily, saic lhat Ihe potential liability to the (CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO) Senate Okays Poultry Loans WASHINGTON (AP) -- The Senate has passed and sent lo the House an open-ended emergency program of government- guaranleed loans to hard- pressed livestock and poultry producers. Originally the Senale bill set a $3-billion ceiling for (he one- year program, bul Ihis was elmjinaled shortly before f i n a l J2-3 passage. Also, a 51 million limit on individual loans was cut lo $350,000 lo m a k e the \'-a,- islalion more acceptable lo urban congressmen. The program--providing 90 Jcr cent-guaranteed loans to armors and ranchers u n a b l e to ;et credit w i t h o u t such guaran- ees --is one of the principal ;overnmcnt actions sought by Ihe livestock industry. Beef and pork prices have een declining since last f a l l . Supplies still exceed d e m a n d , Iho industry a n d t h e Agricul- urc .Department say, and steadily rising costs to f a r m - ers--especially of feed--bring osses of $100 lo S200 per head. The loans, at prevailing interest rates, cannot be used to cx- )and operations and must bo Â·cpaid within seven years, although a five-year extension is possible. Bill Delayed Until 1975 Session LITTLE ROCK (AP) -- ThÂ» Arkansas Senale killed Gov. Dale Bumpers' wilderness preservation bill Monday, less t h a n two hours after the governor lold a joinl legislative session that the measure was "one of the most visionary programs" lawmakers could approve. (Related News 'on Page 8) The bill would have appropriated $2,84(1,000 for the Environmental Preservalion Commission to purchase wilderness land. By a lfi-14 vote on a motion by Sen. Jerry Bookout of Jonesboro, the Senale referred Ihe bill to an interim committee and ask for a report at the regular session next January. ThÂ« action indicated the Senate wants no part of the bill d u r i n g the special session. There had teen pre-session reports [hat the wilderness bill would not be popular with legislators. A bill to appropriate$10 million for wilderness land was defeated in the 1973 session. The vote on the wilderness bill was the only major action on Ihe opening day of Ihe special session whi chonvcned at noon. The House reconvenes today at noon and the Senale at 1:30 p.m. Of the more llian 150 bills that were read and assigned to committees Mouuay, only two were not part of Bumper's special session program. One concerned a 25 per cent rebale to 'ndividual taxpayers and the other proposed a flat $400 pay boost for slate employes. BILLS ASSIGNED Most of the bills were as- iigned lo the Joint Budaot L'ommitlcc which deals wilh fiscal matters. Rep. Boyce Alford of Pine Sluff, who proposed the tax re- ale, said the cost would be S20 million. He said he believed :axpayers were cnlilled to a relate in light of the large surplus the slate has accumulated. When a question was raised about whether the bill would be germane lo the special session call issued by Bumpers, Alford said he would wail until all ihe Governor's business had been landled and then he would .isk '.he House lo suspend Ihe rules n order for his bill to be considered. That's the required irocedure for handling business lot germane lo the governor's call. Aiford said a vole lo suspend he rules would have the same iffecl as a vole lo extend the .ession. The Constitution pro- Â·ides that by a Iwo-lhirds vole 3f each chamber, a special \e*- slative session may be extend- d by 15 ([ays to handle other mailers after all proposals in he governor's call have been Considered. Son. Max Kowcll of Jackson- Â·ille. one of the sponsors of the lat pay boost for slate employs. said 24 senators supported lie proposal which is almost he majority of 27 needed f i r Mssage in the Seriate. Bookout objeclcd lo the .;ec- nd reading of Ihe EPC appro- irialion bill and moved lhat the iill be referred lo Ihe interim ommiltee. Sen. Virgi! T. Fletcher of Bcnlon, a real estate dealer, rguccl for Bookout's motion, aying it was the "dream of ev- ry boy and girl" to someday wn a piece of land, but that (CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO) New Loyalty Oath Proposal Would Cover State Employes iloycs. The original LITTLE ROCK (AP) -- A egisiative proposal concerning ^ loyalty oath was revised Mon|ay. changing the penalty sec- ion and covering not only col- ego personnel but all state em- proposal, sub- nitled hy s l a t e Rep. Bobby Ilover of Carlisle, was referred vithout recommendation by the .egisiative Council to the Joint Budget Committee last week. Glover appeared at the Joint Budget Committee Monday, but never got an opportunity to bring up cither h i s previous roposal or new proposals. The original proposal would lave cut off all state f u n d i n g to olleges a n d universities t h a t loiilcl not certify by Oct. 1 that II employes of the institution lad filed the oath. Instead of culling off all funding, the revised proposal for colleges and universities would prohibit payment of public money to individual employes who refused to file the oath. The measure also would provide a fine of $500 to SI.000 for any administrator who refused to comply with the provisions of Ihe :aw giving legal status ta the oath. The oalh says: "I do solemly swear or a f f i r m that I will uiv hqid and defend the Constitution of the United States of America and the Constitution of the slate of Arkansas, and that I will oppose the overthrow of the government of the United Slates of America or of this stale hy force, violence, or hy any illegal or unconstilutional method."