Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas on June 23, 1974 · Page 4
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June 23, 1974

Northwest Arkansas Times from Fayetteville, Arkansas · Page 4

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Fayetteville, Arkansas
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Sunday, June 23, 1974
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Jlortljtoest Editorial-Opinion Page The Public Iitfcrcs! Is The First Concern Oj This Newspaper 4A · SUNDAY, JUNE 23, 1974 Daley Helps Kill Land Use Legislation Joan Claybrook said she had reviewed Ihc majority report before it went to press but that A Rule To Remember Thai was a hair-raising story out of Yell- villc last week regarding the near tragedy of four lady canoeists, trapped in rising waters by a flooding Buffalo River. The story has a happy ending -- the four adventurers escaped their ordeal without serious injury. But they all came extremely close to a major tragedy that shouldn't have happened. Several elements combined to cause the mishap. Inexperience, on the part of at least two of the principals, played a role. Unfamiliarity with proper procedures under the conditions, had a hand in it, too. Heavy rain upstream caused a quick, dangerous rise in the river, an occurrence which can not always be anticipated, but should be a routine matter of concern. As the story unfolded, one pair of canoeists capsized and lost their canoe, on a float above the old State Park campgrounds. A second canoe, also with two ladies, stopped and offered the first two a ride. The foursome, frying to ride out rapidly rising water, smashed into a tree with the result that one woman was trapped under the seat and cross-brace of the canoe in eminent danger of being swept to her death. Fortunately, park service people led a successful rescue mission, hut lessons from the incident need to be stressed, in spite of the happy ending. Water, be it lake or river, is treacherous by nature, and must always be treated with great care and respect. Canoeists should NOT canoe alone, even if experienced, and they should NOT Art Buchwald attempt feats for which they have not been somewhat prepared by actual practice. Canoe trips in the face of inclement weather should he taken with the utmost caution, and with an eye to leaving the river at the first sign of dangerous conditions. The experienced canoeist, in fact, camps even in the driest weather with high ground immediately accessible. Canoeists shouldn't attempt swift water with four in a canoe. It is always proper also to advise someone of one's trip on the river -- or even if going to the lake on a fishing trip -- so that an unexpected absence can be investigated. In the case of the four women, h e l p was promptly on the way. But one wonders if they were fully warned of the dangers they were inviting, considering that weekend's weather, and run-off conditions upstream, when they embarked. The point is, that the placid, lovely Buffalo -- even as scenic, inviting Beaver Lake -- can, under influence of rain, wind, waves and high water, become enormously dangerous. So with this, the summer outdoor season at hand, and trips to lake and stream a common pastime for area residents, it is time once again to pledge the exercise of one's best judgment, tempered with both caution and constraint, not only for ourselves, but those who may be affected by our actions. Safety, FIRST, is still the best of all rules. The French Don't Understand . By A R T BUCHWALD PARIS -- The good news from France is lhat the French no longer hate Americans. If a n y t h i n g , they are very sympathetic with President Nixon's plight and cannot understand what nil ihe fuss in Washington is about. My good friend Francois said lo me. "Alors, mon vieux, what are you doing to your poor Presidpnt?" "Nolhing really, Francois It's just lhat lie's in a slight jam and they're trying lo find : out whether they should impeach him or not." "But what did he do?" Francois asked. "It's hard to explain. You see there were some people working for his re election who decided to f i n d out what the oilier political party was doing by bugging its headquarters." "Mais oui," Francois said, "what is wrong with thai?" "It wasn't just a question of bugging the opposition's office. They also discovered that {·'people working for the Presi- From Our Files; How Time Flies 10 YEARS AGO The Fayettevitle City Council last night balked at passing two of Miiyor Guy Brown's favorite orinanccs -- one regulating the work of ctly Jail prisoners anil one imfXKJtig a c u r f e w [or youngsters under 17--and voted to initiate a Jong range sewer improvement program. Police investigation o[ a two-county drug ring is widening 50 YEARS AGO The motorcade through the Ozarks \vhich closed out the visits of editors of the State Press Association was absent from Fayctleville about twelve hours. The record t i m e fiave an average speed of 2-f miles an hour, a tribute to the roads of Northwest Arkansas. Funeral services for little Johnny JMcWhorter \vho was 100 YEARS AGO Several of the candidates for Delegates to the Convention will address the people today at the Court House. Turn out and hear them. T h e Dardanelle Laborer hoists ihe name of our distinguished townsman, Hon. Tom .M. as two men held in the Fayelte- ville city jait have been identified as the pair who attempted to sell drugs to a 17-year-old Gentry youth last week. The Summers Home Demonstration Club grossed $500 at its community-backed dinner last night and profits, estimated at S-iOQ. will be contributed to Boy Land, and its youth rehabilitation program. killed almost mslanUy Saturday on South School street were held Sunday afternoon. The lad was r i d i n g on a Ford, witnesses said, jumped off and darted across Ihe street directly into the path of another Ford. The National Guard and the summer school baseball teams will meet in a twilight league game Tuesday afternoon. Gunler for Governor. Tom wouldn't make a bad governor. Governor Gimtcr would sound pretty well. Look out for bogus tickets next Tuesday. Examine your tickels will and he sure they read "For Convention." They'll Do It Every Time TK PEOPLE Wt» PUEAP THAT THEyVE GOT TO HAVE THEie PHOTOS EARLY- DAY AFTER TOMORROW ' THERE AN/ WAY M)U COULO ROSHTHEMSO'S COOU7HAVS THEM TONIGHT? PO 306S WIND Up? LOOK IN ONCALLEO- FOR RUE, Of COURSE.' *£' dent had large amounls of cash which they were using to sabotage the President's opponents." "Naturellement. What else would they do if they were trying lo beat the other party?" ' ' Y o u don't understand Francois, What they were doing was illegal." "I understand perfectly," Francois said rather irritably. "But what is wrong with doing something illegal to win an election? " "Well, it wasn't just a question of the President's people doing something illegal. It t u r n e d out that when the people involved were arrested, an effort was made to cover up ttie crime so nobody would know anying in the White House had anything to do with it." "Je comprends, any politician in France would do the same thing," Francois said. THE COVERUP, as far as we know," I continued, "involved a former attorney general. Ihe head of (he FBI and several people very high in Ihe Administration. All sorts of evidence iwas destroyed and some of the President's most trusted men perjured themselves before the Senate Watergate committee and the grand jury." ^ "We read all Ihis in Ihe French newspapers. But you slil! haven't answered rny question. What did they do wrong?" "Francois, how can I make you understand? There was one political scandal after another The Vice President of the United Stales was forced to resign for t a k i n g bribes. The While House kept an enemies list which they were going to use to get people who criticized the President. They also hired plumbers' to break into people's homes and offices. One t h i n g led lo another and pretty soon there was some question of whether the President of Ihe United Stales himself was involved." "In France we would have been very disappointed if our President wasn't involved." "Then there were other scandals. Mr. Nixon forgot to pay $165.000 in income ta'xes." "Vive la Nixon," Francois said. THEX IT WAS discovered that Ihe President had tape- recorded everyone who came into his office. Some of the tapes could prove whether he was involved in the coverup of the other crimes. The House of Representatives and the special prosecuto- asked to hear all Ihe tapes, bu' \is Nixon gave them only a lew which he claimed were sufficient to *:"d out if he was guilty or not." "Any Frenchman would do the same thing. You have fold me nothing so far to explain why you keep picking on him." "Francois. 1 didn't w a n t lo (ell you this, but the tapes revealed that the President of the United States puts catsup on his collage chese." Francois' eyes bugged out, "Alors, M-hy didn't you say t h a t before? Now I understand why you w a n t to impeach him." (C) 1974, Los Angeles Times ·By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON' -- Chicago's embattled Mayor Hichard Daley, his bossdom shaken, his power slipping, his health f a i l i n g , summoned enough political strength last week for a "Last Hurrah." From his cigar-polluted lair in city hall, he reached all the way to Washington and kilted the iand-use hill which would have brought order lo Ihe chaotic, wasteful development of the nation's dwindling land resources. Daley sabotaged the bill for reasons that, quite n a t u r a l l y , riled the iasl of the big-city bosses. The bill left him no way u hand out lucrative l a n d development contracts to his fa- vorile contractors. Instead, most land decisions would have devolved upon the governor. In Illinois, (he governor hap- opens to me an ambiLious. anti- machine Democrat, Daniel Waier. who has dared to defy Da- Icy. Any legislation lhat would allow Walker to call the shots on land development was more than Daley could abide. So the old political war lord cracked the whip on Chicago's Democratic congressmen, all liberals, who normally would have voted with their fellow liberals for national standards to assure orderly land development. Instead. Ihey took their or^ dcrs from Daley whose political machine turns out the volers for Ihcm on election day. The four Chicago votes against Ihe land-use bill provided the margin which defeated Ihe measure, 311-204. The Washington Merry-Go-Round \Vc have spoken to the congressmen from Chicago iwho -solemnly deny that Daley influenced their votes. As Rep. Morgan Murphey. D-I1L, explained it. the Chicago delegation felt their city was "so far ahead" of the rest of the nation in land-use planning that the bill would have had a h a r m f u l effect . Gut sources close to the delegation say that Daley sent them their voting instructions. One messenger. apparently, was his own land development expert. Lou Hill, who pointedly reminded some members of the delegation of the contractors' political clout. The Chicago mayor joined forces with President Nixon to defeat land-use standards. Both men are fighting for political survival, with aides under indictment and prosecutors pressing them at every turn. The President withdrew his earlier support for the land-use bill under pressure from conservatives whose votes he is counting upon to save himself from imneachment. The conservatives fear the bill might trespass upon the rights of private property owners. ERVIN'S GHOST WRITER: Senator Ervin. D-N.C.. the hero of Watergate, has permitted a business lobbyist to help d r a f t his views against the proposed Consumer Protection Agency. Richard Leighton. a lobbyist for the Grocery Manufacturers of America, iwrote part of the minorilv report on the legislation. In Ervin's name. Leigliton warned that the bill would "create a Ceasar within the federal bureaucracy." The lobbyist embarrassingly misspelled Ervin's name which was listed as "Erwin" in the signature at the bottom of the minority report. The proposed consumer a- gcncy would represent consumers inside the federal policy councils -- at rate hearings, for example, before the Federal Power Commission or drug hearing's before the the Food and Drug Administration. The legislation, sponsored by Sen. Charles Percy, R-III., has already passed the house, but faces a filibuster in the Senate. Two of the Senate's most longwinded orators, the avuncular Ervin and Sen. James Allen, D-Ala., are expected to try lo talk the bill to death. The hill came out of the Senate Government Operations Committee, whose chief counsel. Bob Smith, admitted l h a t Lobbyist Leighton wrote part of the minority report, Speaking for Ervin, Smith claimed that the senator opposed the legislation not because he is anti-consumer but because he is against government intervention. Smith suggested that iwe ask consumer crusader Ralph Nader whether he wrote part of the majority report in favor of t h e Consumer Protection Agency. Speaking for Nader, before H went uj press out that the Nader People wrote no part of it. NUCLEAR THREAT: A grim, secret intelligence analysis warns that India's nuclear explosion and the Amcrican-Egyp. lian nuclear agreement will lead to uncontrolled nuclear arms development. The report claims that several small nations have already laken the first, secret steps toward developing nuclear arms. The analysis predictj that Egypt, Iran, Israel, Japan, Rumania. Sweden and West Germany will wind up eventually with their own nuclear ar- se nsals. Only a severe United Nation] crackdown, the report suggests, might halt the proliferation of nuclear weapons. The time lo act was after India exploded its atomic bomb. Instead, the United Sgates followed up by offering nuclear aid to Egypt. Although the aid is supposed to be restricted to peaceful purposes, plutonium for bombs can bo obtained by reprocessing used uranium from peaceful nuclear reactors. The spread of nuclear power increases the possibility that an irresponsible leader may get his hand on nuclear weapons. Libya's strongman, Muammar el- Qadaffi. for example, has supplied Soviet-made, shoulder-fired missiles lo terrorits. A fu- lure Qadaffe might be able lo furnish terrorists with nuclear bombs. An Arkansas Solon Looks At Impeachment By REP. RAY THORNTON (Fourth Dislrici, Arkansas) As a member of Ihc House Judiciary Commillce, 1 believe it is important for all (of my friends and constituents) to know how I am approaching the grave question of impeachment. I slart with the deep conviction thai our government of law, based upon Ihe United States Constitution, is the best protection for our freedom and lhat every person who lives in this free land must he subject to the rule cf law. And 1 have made it clear time and again t h a t I will not prejudge the question before all of the evidence has been considered. The task of resolving this question is not one which I sought, but it has become n.y clear constitutional duty lo consider the matter fully and f a i r l y . Throughout t h e proceedings I have considered myself bound by that duty. WE ARE FORTUNATE as a Nation t h a t it has not been necessary to use the constitutional process of imp e a c h m e n t frequently, b u t because it is used so seldom, it is important to know exactly what is involved. Article I, Section 2 of the "the sole power of impeachment." The word "impeachment" as used in Ihe Constilulion means bringing specified charges of misconduct against a public official. If the House "impeaches" by a majority vote, those charges are brought to trial in the Senate, where a two-thirds majority is necessary for tnc charges to be sustained. It is important lo remember that these are not criminal proceedings. Impeachment is not a form of punishment, but a safety valve lo protect our system of government from abuses by those who hold the public trusl. No penalties can he imposed by the Congress other than "removal from office, and disqaulifjcalion to hold and enjoy any Office of honor, trust or profit under the United States." THE IMPEACIIABLE ..offenses specified by the Constitution are "treason, bribery, misdemeanors." These words clearly describe the nature of the abuses which must be shown if charges are to be brought by the House of Representatives. In our national history there have been I t impeachments voted by the House of Representatives and tried in the Senate. There have been four convictions of Federal Judges by the Senate. Only one previous inquiry resulted in charges being brought against a President of the United States. President Andrew Johnson in 1868.' The central charge against Andrew Johnson \vas that he unlawfully discharged a member of the Executive Branch of Govern ment. The Senate did not convict on the charges brought. The charges which are now under consideration by the House of Representatives are of a different nature. They incude allegations that the President used the powers of his office to obstruct justice, to conceal evidence, and to violate constitutional rights of American citizens, unmindful of his oath of office and the requirement of the Constitution that Me should take care t h a t the laws be faithfully executed. FROM THE beginning of the current investigation I have refused to call for the President's resignation. In my view the President should not be forced to resign by pressures of the press or by public opinion. But allegations so serious require the most careful and thoughtful consideration, and if the evidence requires a trial, then that is the proper way to bring these issues to a fair and just resolution. The plain language of our Constitution makes it clear that it is the responsibility and duty of the Congress to resolve the question fairly and completely on the basis of the evidence and to obtain all the evidence which may be necessary to this decision. Since May 9th of this year, the Judiciary Committee has spent 14 days in executive session reviewing massive evidence gathered by the staff. ON SEVERAL occasions the Committee has been faced with the President's refusal to comply wilh the House of Represenlatives' subpoenas and requests for specific items of evidence. The subpoenaing by Congress of evidence under the conlrol of the Executive Branch can never be taken lightly, but it must be remembered that the Constitution makes no mention of any principle of confidentiality where p o s s i b l e criminal or impeachable activity by public officials may be involved. However, the Constitution clearly provides that the House of Representatives shall have the power of impeachment and the law docs authorize the House to issue subpeonas in the search for evidence. SOME MEMBERS .of our Committee argused that we should seek to : erjforce our · subpoenas in the Courts. It was implied that a court order might muster enough public support to convince the President to comply. In speaking against this - suggestion, I pointed out that the courts have no more "power" to enforce a subpoena against the President than does the House of Representatives, and that the real question is of authority and compliance with the rule of law as distinguished from- power. Everyone agrees that we must proceed in a fair and orderly way. and as quickly as possible, to resolve this matter so that we can restore confidence in our system of government and bring the undivided attention of our government to bear upon other t r e m e n d o u s l y important problems facing us. THROUGHOUT ..South Arkansas 1 have found Ihis thought expressed: The people of Arkansas are patriotic and concerned citizens. You have let me know by your letters, your 'Scared Us For Awhile--But We Got Over It" calls, and your personal visits that you expect not only individual citizens, but our government itself to conducl iu activities lawfully, and you have made it clear that you consider public officials under a duly not merely to obey the laws but fo set an example of conduct which lives up to the highest ideals of our national character. These are difficult and disturbing days for our country. But Americans have always been known for our ability to meet and overcome challenges, and we can hope that positive and lasting changes will result from the storms which surround us (oday. We can encourage a renewed respect for the rule of law and a determination 'to have honesty and integrity in government. .We can 'look forward to a greater awareness of the importance of individual action in requiring government to be responsive to our ideals. And we can insist upon a recognition by public servants that their obligations are not to (he bureaucracies which surround them but to the pcopls who choose them to serve. No one can foresee the future, but I am convinced that the wortti of our nation is measured by Ihe spirit and faith of Ihe people, and that based on that measure, our country will remain free and strong. What Others Say OIL COMPANIES' TAXES The House Ways and Means Commillce has approved a bill to phase out the 22 per cent oil-depletion allowance, impose a temporary excise tax on high- priced crude oil, and deny some of the lax benefits accorded petroleum companies for overseas operations. The Committee expects to formally clear t h e measure for floor' action this month. G o t h conservatives a n d liberals are unhappy with it. presaging opposition in both House and Senate. The conservatives believe it is too harsh on the oil industry and th» liberals loo light. It is well that the Commillce would doom the oil-depletion allowance; it is an inefficient hut highly costly encouragement lo exploration, wholly unnecessary now t h a t the world price of oil has louchcd off a domestic drilling boom. And (he tax incentives that have spurred oil companies' foreign activities are clearly extravagant. But Ihe excise tax on windfall profits" is unfortunate, even though oil companies' profits are soaring while Americans at large are suffering varying degrees of financial ill - effects from ajcked - up petroleum prices. Apart from the difficulty of identifying ".windfall 1 'profits -the industry's aftcr-laxcs lake was down overall until recently, and much of the latest nrofit bulge is attributable to Inflation -- an "excess-profits" lax previously has been imposed by Washington only during World War I. World War II, and the Korean War. In each instance It was justified as a necessary revenue-raisin!? measure and inflation dampcncr, and on Ihe grounds that no nne should be enriched by an extreme national emergency. Similar arguments now are being made for an excess-profits tax upon the oil industry, but they are suspect. The strongest case in behalf of the tax is the provision to give the companies the option of plowing back into new exploration and development the profit that ·would be taxed. But current oil prices are incentive enough. The oil-depletion allowance, then, should he ended. The favorable tax treatment of oil companies* foreign-sources income should be modified. But the excess-profits tax should be resisted. -- Norfolk-Portsmouth (Va.) Virginian-Pilot

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